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PRINCETON, N. J. 



Purchased by the Hammill Missionary Fund. 



3V 3265^-rB23~l886 
Badley, B. H. b. 1849 
Indian missionary directory 
and memorial volume 



nHau 




tiStJtl^M 




AND 



bmnrtH} Tcfnmi 



BY 



V 
THE REV. B. H. BADLEY, M.A, 



THIRD EDITION. 



Ofaltlttth: 

METHODIST PUBLISHING HOUSE, 
STEAM PRINTING WOKKS, 6, WATERLOO STREET. 
LUCKNOW : METHODIST PUBLISHING HOUSE. 
NEW YORK : PHILLIPS AND HUNT. 



1886. 

[A// rights reserved.'] 



TO 

THE PROTESTANT MIS^lONAlilES OF INDIA 

OF WHATEVER NAME OK NATIONxVLITY, 

WITH AN EAKNEST PKAYEl' 

FUlJ THEIK CONTINUED SUCCESS 

IN W^INNING TO ChKIST 
THE BENIGHTED MILLIONS OF THE LAND. 
This Unpretending \olume 
IS IlESPECTFULLY DEDICATED. 



The first iHliiioii of the " Directoey " was published in 1876, 
the second, in 1881 : following the original design, the third edi- 
tion is now issued. Special effort ha< been put forth to make the 
volume as nearly perfect as possible : where the information could 
not be obtained in India letters were sent to Home Secretaries ask- 
ing for complete lists of missionaries ; where these are not given, 
as in one or two instances, the fault does not rest w^ith the com- 
piler. It is to be re<:retted that many missionaries through reti- 
cence or indifference make no response to circulars of enquiry and, 
as a consequence, in their cases the nationality and year of arrival 
cannot be given. 

The compilation of the statistical tables has necessitated much 
correspondence and careful effort. Only those who have had ex- 
perience in this line are aware of the great difficulty there is in 
compiling the statistics of Indian Missions : this difficulty is increased 
by the fact that in some Missions Communicants only are regularly 
reported, the number of children in Native Christian ftimilies be- 
ing estimated, as in the Missionary Census of 1881 : another diffi- 
culty is in the fact that with some Missions the year closes with the 
calendar year ; with others, in March ; with others, in April ; wdth 
others, in July, and so on through the year. It would be a boon to 
missionary statisticians and to others as well, if each of the thirty-six 
Societies, now represented in India, would appoint a statistical Secre- 
tary for India, to whom all enquiries of this kind might be sent. 

Burma having been annexed, more attention has been given 
than in former editions to this attractive Mission field : as before, 
the names of Ceylon missionaries have also been inserted. 

As will be seen the number of zenana missionaries has largely 
increased in the past five years : it is gratifying to know that 
work among the women of India has been greatly advanced in this 



V) Tkeface. 

period, jukI iti.'. hoped that the present wide .-preud interest in thie 
work may lead to still happier re^iult^. 

Surprise may perhaps be expres.>ed that the names of the 
wives of missionaries are not given in the " Dikectory.'' The com- 
piler yields to none in appreciation of and admiration for these noble 
women, scores of whom, even in the midst of household cares, are as 
really missionaries as any whose names appear in the following 
{)age.> : hut it has been thought best not to enlarge the volume by 
anotlier list of names. 

It has been suggested that the ••Dikectoky" should contain 
the names also of eminent laymen in India, Avho, by munificent gifts 
to various missions, by well-timed efforts in the preparation and cir- 
culation of missionary literature, by faithful service in Bible and 
colportage work, and in other ways, are doing missionary workc 
most of these, however, would object to having their names appear. 
Their efforts, as is well known, are everywhere appreciated. 

The opening chapters of the work were printed early in the 
year. Circumstances over which the compiler had no control and 
which wdth the enlarging work of a newly-opened publishing house 
conld hardly happen otherwise, have caused an unfortunate delay 
in issuing the volume. 

To the missionaries whose names are indicated by the bracket- 
ed initials under the historical sketches of various Missions, and 
to other friends in India and at home who have kindly given assist- 
ance, the compiler returns his warmest thanks. He is under special 
obhgations to the Rev. T. Craven of the Methodist Publishing House 
and to B. Aitken, Esq., of the /;ic;?/a^i Witness for assistance cheer- 
fully given. For the general missionary statistics of Europe and 
America, he is indebted to the Rev. R. G. Wilder, editor of the J/zs- 
sloiiart/ lleciew, ptiblished at Princeton, N. J., U. S. A. 

The compiler will be glad to be informed of errors and omissions. 

B.H.BADLEY. 

LucKNOAV, Septemhcr Ist^ 18<S6. 



CIONTETn^T.'^. 



Page. 



(JHAPTER I. 
Early Danish Missionary Society 1 

CHAPTER II. 
The Baptist Missionary Society C 

CHAPTER III. 
The London Missionary Society 22 

CHAPTER lY. 
The American Board : * 45 

I. Marathi Mission, 45 

II. Madura Mission, 53 

CHAPTER Y. 
Church of England Missionary Societies : 65 

I. Church Missionary Society, GQ 

II. Oxford Mission, 89 

III. Society for the Propagation of tlie Gospel. 90 
lY. Cambridge Mission, 98 

CHAPTER YI. 
The Wesley an Missionary Society 100 

CHAPTER YII. 
General Baptist Missionary Society 105 

CHAPTER YIII. 
Church of Scotland Missions 108 

Scottish Universities Mission. Ill 

CHAPTER JX. 
Free Chtrch of Scotland Missions 113 

(^HAPTEH X. 
American Presbyterian Missionary Society 124 

(^HAPTER XI. 
Basel Evangelical Missionary Society 136 



Viii ( 'ONTRNTS. 

CHAPTER XII. 

AmePvICax Baptist MissionapvY Uxion : ir)2 

I. Tho Burmese j\Iission, 152 

II. The Assam Mis>ion, 150 

III. The Tehiou Mission, 158 

CHAPTER XIII. 

The Amrpjcax Free Baptist Missioxapv Society 1 6G 

CHAPTER XLV. 

Gossner's Missionaky Society IGii 

CHAPTER XV. 
The Leipzig Li'theran jIisstoxaey Society 174 

( HAPTER XVI. 
The Irish Presbyterian Mission 181 

CHAPTER XVII. 
The American Evangelical Lt'theran Missions : 1«6 

I. General Synod, 186 

II. General Council, 188 

CHAPTER XVIII. 
The Welsh ('alvinistic Methodist i\IissK>N 189 

CHAPTER XIX. 

Arcot Mission oe the Refoemkd Church (U. S. A.; 192 

r^HAPTER XX. 

The Episcopal ^Ioravian Missionary Society 195 

(CHAPTER XXI. 
Sialkot Mission, United Pres. Church (U. S. A.) 197 

CHAPTER XXII. 
The Methodist Episcopal Church Missions : 201 

I. The North India Mission, 201 

II. The South India Mission, 218 

CHAPTER XXIII. 
The Christian Vernacular Education Society 220 

CHAPTER XXIV. 
Rajpoot ANA Mission, U. Pres. Church of Scotland 222 



Contents. ix 

CHAPTER XXy. 
The Danish Evangelical Lutheran Mission 224 

CHAPTER XXVI. 

PRESBYTEBIAN ChURCH OF ENGLAND MlSSlON, 226 

CHAPTER XXVII. 

Hermannsburg Evangelical Lutheran Misbion 227 

CHAPTER XXVII I. 
Friends' Foreign Mission Association 229 

CHAPTER XXIX. 
German Evangel. Missionary Society (U. S. A,) 2S0 

CHAPTER XXX. 
The Indian Home Mission to the Santals 231 

CHAPTER XXXI. 
The Canadian Baptist Telugu Mission 233 

CHAPTER XXXII. 
(Original Secession Church of Scotland Mission 235 

CHAPTER XXXIII. 
The Canadian Presbyterian IVIission 236 

CHAPTER XXXIV. 
The Swedish Evangelical Missionary Society 237 

CHAPTER XXXV. 
American Free Methodist Mission 238 

CHAPTER XXXVI. 
Mission of Discipj.es of Christ 239 

CHAPTER XXX VIL 

,Scotch Episcopal Church Mission 2-10 

CHAPTER XXXVIIL 
Other Missions 241 



THE MISSIONARY DIRECTORY. 



CHAPTER I. 
THE EARLY DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 
In the year 1705, at the instigation of the Chaplain to the 
King of Denmark, Ziegenbalg, and Plutschau, who had been, 
students at tlie University of Halle, were sent forth as missionaries 
to Tran(|nel)ar, ^Yllere they landed July, 170(3. In beginning their 
work they met with little sympathy from those about them, and, 
notwithstanding the King of Denmark's injunctions, opposition 
was shown them, especially by the Governor of the Colony. Other 
difficulties were experienced, Init the missionaries remained at their 
post, and continued to preach, teach, write, and translate. Three 
years and-a-half after their arrival the Native Christian community 
numbered 1<)0 j^rsons. The need of funds being felt, attempts 
were made to raise money in Germany and also in England ; as 
one of the results of which, the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel (established by royal charter in 1701) sent the missionaries 
a donation of £20, and a collection of books. From this time 
much interest continued to ])e taken in England in the welfare of 
the Tranquebar Mission. King George I. manifested his good- 
will by writing the following letter to the missionaries in 1717, 
which is worthy of being recorded as an example to be followed by 
other croAvned heads : — 

"•Ge:;rge. by the Grace of (rod, King of Great Britain, France, and 
Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c., to the Reverend and Learned Bartholo- 
mew Ziegenbalg and Jolni Ernest Gnindler, Missionaries at Tranquebar in 
the East Indies, liEVERKXi) and Beloved : 

Your letters, dated 20tli of January of the present year, were most welcome 
to us, not only because the work undertaken by you of converting tho 
heathen to tho Christian faith dotli l)y the grace of God prosper, but also 
>)ecause tliat, in this our kingdom, sucli a laudable zeal for the promotion of 
the Gospel prevails. We piay you may be endowed with health and strength 
of body, that you may long continue to fullil your ministry with good 
success, of which we shall be rejoiced to hear. So you will always find us 
ready to succour you in whatever ujay tend to promote your work and to 
excite your zeal. We assure you of the continuance of our Royal favour, 

We pray you may enjoy strength of body and mind for the long con- 
tinuance of your labours in this good work, to the glory of God and the 
promotion of Christianity among the heathen, that its perpetuity may not 
fail in generations to come. 

Given at our Palace of Hampton Court, the 23rd of August, 1717, in the 
4th year of our Reign. George R." 



2 Indian Missionaey Directoey. 

It was not thought proper to extend the labors of the Pro- 
pagation Society to the East Indies, and the Society for the Propa- 
oation of Christian Kno^Yledge (established in 1699) became the 
Patron of the Mission. A fund, with special reference to the 
Danish Mission in India, was opened, and to this contributions 
came from all quarters. 

Two years after reaching India, Ziegenbalg began the transla- 
tion of the New Testament into Tamil, and finished it on the 21st 
March, 1711. By 1719, the year of his death, he had translated 
as far as Ruth in the Old Testament. Schultz, who arrived in 
1719, resumed the translation at this point, and finished it in 
1725. This earnest and scholarly missionary proceeded to Madras 
in 1726, where he established a Mission, preached, translated the 
Bible into Hindustani, and gathered in a number of converts. 
Much interest was cherished both in the Tranquebar and Madras 
work by the Protestants of Denmark, Germany, and England, 
and especially by the Royal Families of these countries. 

In and following 1732, the missionaries extended their labours 
to Negapatam, and thence to Sadras on the sea-coast ; and to Fort 
St. David to the north of C-uddalore : the latter station was itself 
occupied in 1737. Meanwhile, several congregations of Christians 
had grown up in the adjoining kingdom of Tanjore, which were 
placed under the care of pastors. A Christian community was 
also formed at Pulicat. In 1736 the country congregations con- 
tained 1,140 members, and the Tranquebar congregations, 1,189. 
During the next ten years 3,812 persons were baptized, and the 
knowledge of Christianity was scattered through Tranquebar, 
portions of Tanjore, and cities, towns, and villages on the 
Coromandel Coast from Madras to Ramnad. 

In 1756, half a century after the founding of the Mission, the 
missionaries, now increased to eight, on reviewing the Mission's 
history, found that about 11,000 persons in this one Mission had 
abandoned idolatry and superstition, and embraced the Gospel 
of (Christ : a cheering and stimulating fact. 

In 1758, after the capture of Cuddalore liy the French, and 
the consequent interruption to missionary work, Kiernander, 
at the request of the Danish missionaries, proceeded to Calcutta, 
where he laboured diligently for many years. 

In 1760 Schwartz, who had arrived in India ten years before, 
and had been earnestly and successfully engaged in and about 
Tranquebar, paid a visit to C^eylon. In 1766 he established 
a Mission at Trichinopoly, under the auspices of the Christian 
Knowledge Society, where he laboured with the enthusiasm which 
was characteristic of his entire missionary life. About 1773, 



Daklsh Missionary Society. 



supported by the Mission at Madras, and with the approval of 
Schwartz, a catechist was sent to Vellore, where he established a 
Mission, and where a Christian community was soon formed. In 
1776 Schwartz took up his abode in Tanjore : and the Mission 
there may be reoarded as commencing from this date. This 
^' Apostle of India," as he has been called, continued incessant 
in labours at Tanjore and elsewhere until his death, in 1798. 

The province of Tinnevelly, which for years had been -con- 
sidered as an out-station of Tranquebar, was occupied in 1785, 
a Mission having been formed at Palamcottah, the (Japital. This 
proved a promising field, and when Gericke visited it, in 1802, 
he baptized no less than 1,300 persons. On account of the 
disminished number of missionaries of the Danish and Christian 
Knowledge Societies, Tinnevelly was virtually left to itself and 
the Mission was correspondingly weakened. In 1817, mainly 
through the eiforts of the Rev. J. Hough, Chaplain at Palam- 
cottah, it was transferred to the Church Missionary Society. 

With the death of Schwartz in 1798, the first period of Protes- 
tant Missions in India may properly be said to end. After this 
date, but five of the fifty-four missionaries of the Danish Society 
arrived in India, and although several continued to labour at 
Tranquebar and elsewhere during the early part of the present 
century, still the interest decreased, and the Missions where either 
abandoned or incorporated with those of the Church of England 
and the Propagation Societies. (Vide Sherring's "History of 
Protestant Missions in India," pp. 55 ; 34:1, 342 ; 385-387.) 

The follo^\'ing list of the labourers connected with this pio- 
neer Mission is taken from Fenger's '' History of the Tranquebar 
Mission :"— 



i 


Arrival 






Names. 

1 


OR 


Field of La- 




Ordina- 


bour. 


Remarks. 


1 

1 


tion. 






Henry Plutschau 


170G 


Tranquebar. 


D. About 
174G 


Bartholomew Ziegenbalg 


170G 


Do. 


D. 1719 


John Ernest Gnindler 


1709* 


Do. 


D. 1720 


John George Bovingli 


1709 


Do. 


R. 1711 


Poly carp Jordan 


1709 


Do. 


R. 1714 


]>enjamin Schultze 


.1719 


Do. 


D. 1760 


Nicholas Dal 


1719 


Do. 


D. 1747 


J. Henry Kistenmacher 


1719 


Do. 


D. 1722 


M. Bose 


1725 


Do. 


D. 1750 



Indian Missionary Directory. 





Arrival 






Names. 


OR 

Ordina- 
tion. 


Field of La- 
bour. 


Kemarks. 


C. Frederick Pressier 


172.5 


Tranquebar. 


D. 1736 


Christian Th. Waltlier 


1725 


Do. 


D. 1741 


Andrew "Worm 


1730 


Do. 


D. 17.35 


S. G. Eiclisteig 


1730 


Do. 


D. 1735 


John Anton Sartorius 


1730 


Cuddalore. 


D. 1738 


John Ernest Giester 


1732 


Do. 


D. 1746 


G. W. Obiich 


1737 


Tranquebar. 


D. 1745 


J. Char. Wiederrock 


1737 


Do. 


D. 1767 


J. Balthasar Kohlhoff 


1737 


Do. 


D. 1790 


Johann Zacharias Kiernander ... 


1740 


Calcutta. 


D. 1794 


Johann Philipp Falu-icius 


1740 


Madras. 


D. 1791 


Daniel Zeglin 


1740 


Tranquebar. 


D. 1780 


Oluf Maderup 


1742 


Do. 


D. 1776 


Jacob Klein 


174G 


Do. 


D. 1790 


J. Ch. Breithaiipt 


174^5 


Madras. 


D. 1782 


Christian Frederick Schwartz ... 


17.'»0 


Tanjere. 


D. 1798 


David PoltZenhagen • 


1750 


Tranqiicliar. 


D. 1781 


G. H. Conr. Hutteman 


1750 


Cuddalore. 


D. 1781 


Peter Dame 


1755 


Tanjore. 


D. 1766 


Christian Wilhclm Gericke 


1767 


Xegapatain. 


D. 1803 


J. F. Konig 


1768 


Tranquebar. 


D. 1795 


F. W. Leidemann 


1768 


Do. 


D. 1774 


W. Jacob Muller 


1771 


Do. 


D. 1771 


Christopher Samuel John 


1771 


Do. 


D. 1813 


J. Ch. Diemer 


1774 


Calcutta. 


D. 1792 


J. W. Gerloch 


1776 


Do. 


D. 1792 


J. P. Pettier 


1776 


Madras. 


D. 1836 


J. J. Schollkopf 


1777 


Do. 


D. 1777 


Ch.Pohlc 


1777 


Trichinopoly. 


D. 1818 


Lor. Fred. Eulfset 


1780 


Tranquebar. 


D. 1780 


J. Dan. Mentel 


1781 


Do. 


K. 1784 


Peter Ilubck Hagelund 


1785 


Do. 


D. 1788 


J. Caspar Kohlhoff 


1787 


Tanjore. 


D. 1844 


Jos. Dan. Janicke 


1788 


Palamcottah. 


D. 1800 


Aug. Fred. Cammerer 


1791 


Tranquebar. 


D. 1837 


C. W. Pazold 


1793 


Madras. 


D. 1817 


K. Ph. H. Stegmann 


1796 


Tranquebar. 


D. — 


W. Tob. Ringeltaul)e 


1799 


Do. 


D. 1820 


J. M. Go. Holzberg ^.. 


1797 


Cuddalore. 


D. 1824 


LambCh. Fruchtenicht 


1799 


Tranquebar. 


D. 1802 


Christoph H. Horst ^ 


1792 


Tanjore. 


D. 1810 


Dan. Schreyvogel 


1804 


Pondicherry. 


D. 1840 


Christl. Augustin Jacobi 


1813 


Tanjore. 


D. 1814 


J. G. Ph. Sperschneider 


1819 


Do. 


R. 1826 


Laur. Pet. Haubroe 


1819 


Madras. 


D. 1830 


David Eosen ,., 


1819 


Tricliinopoly. 


D. 1862 



DAKibH Missionary SociEtT. 



i 


Arrival 




Names. | 


OR 


Field of La- 


Ordina- 


BOUR. 


1 
i 


tion. 


. 


K.E. Mohl 


1829 


Tranqucbar. 


Hans Knudsen ... ... i 


1837 


Do. 


Aaron ,,. ... 


1733 


Do. 


Diogo 


1741 


Do. 


Ambrose .., 


1749 


Do. 


Philip 


1772 


Do. 


liuyappcn 


1778 


Do 


Sattianaden 


1790 


Do. 


Na janapragasam ... 


1811 


Do. 


Adcikkalam 


1811 


Do 


Vedanayagam 


18U 


Do 


Abraham 


1811 


Do. 


Schawrirayeii 


1813 


Do 


Xallathambi 


1817 


Do. 


Abraham 


1817 


Do 


Pakianaden 


1817 


Do. 



Remarks. 



CHAPTER II. 
THE BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

This Society, the pioneer of tlie . many Missionary Socie- 
ties which have sprung np during the last century, was or- 
ganized mainly through the tireless efforts of William Carey. 
In the y^ear 1791, when preaching at Leicester, he pressed 
upon the attention of his ministerial brethren his favorite 
theme, the degraded state of heathen lands : and respectfully 
submitted, for their consideration, " whether it was not practi- 
cable and their bounden duty to attempt somewhat towards 
spreading the Gospel in the " heathen Avorld." At the next 
meeting of the Nottingham Association in May, 1792, Mr. 
Carey preached his memorable sermon from Isaiah 54, 1-3, 
and dwelt with great power on his two leading divisions — 
" Expect great things from God ; and attempt great things 
for God." The impression produced by this discourse was so 
deep and general that the Association resolved upon institut- 
ing a mission to the heathen at their next meeting in Autumn. 
On the 22nd of October, 1792, the Society was formed ; and, 
although the collection on the occasion amounted to but £13 
2s. 6d., ample funds speedily flowed in from- various quarters. 

After the formation of the Society, the next great ques- 
tion was in reference to its specific field of operation. Mr. 
Carey had thought long and anxiously about the South Sea 
Islands, and held himself in readiness to proceed thither if any 
Society would send him out with the means of support for 
one year. Jiist at that time he met with Mr. Thomas, who 
had been a Surgeon in an East Indiaman, which situation he 
had given up in order that he might become a preacher to the 
heathen. He had learned the Benoali lanouaoe, and, after 
some years of evangelistic work, had returned to England, 
and was collecting funds for the establishment of a Christian 
Mission in Bengal. The Society's Committee, after consulting 
with Mr. Thomas, and being fully of the opinion that a door 
was opened in the East Indies for preaching the Gospel to the 
heathen, agreed to invite him to go out under the patronage 
of the Society, agreeing to furnish him with a companion if 
one could ])e obtained. Mr. ( *arev was willing to ""O at once : 
and after encountering numerous and complicated difficulties, 
financial, domestic, and political, they at length embarked for 
India in the Princess Jrarla, a Danish East Indiaman, on the 
13th of June, 1793. They reached Calcutta in safety on the 
11th of November. On arriving, they found the way close by 



Baptist Missionary Society. 7 

the restrictions of the East India ( 'ompany against their open- 
ly pursuing their vocation as Christian missionaries ; and, being 
uncertain as to their future support from England, they ^vent 
up-country and took situations, which Avere offered them ;.in 
connection with indigo factories, near Malda. 

On the 1st of November, 1795, the missionaries formed 
a church at Mudnabutty (where Mr. C^arey had fixed his resi- 
dence), consisting of themselves and two Englishmen. In 1796 
the Rev. John Fountain was sent out to reinforce the Mission, 
in 1797 the missionaries visited Bhootan, preaching Christ 
in many new places. During 1798 a school was established 
and a printing press set up at Mudnabutty for the print- 
ing of the Scriptures, the translation of Avhich into Bengali 
was made a primary object of the Mission. In October, 
1799, Messrs. Ward, Brunsdon, Grant, and Marshman arrived 
in India, and, owing to the hostility of the British Government, 
proceeded to Serampore, a Danish settlement. After consult- 
ing with the other missionaries, it was determined to remove 
the Mission from Mudnabtitty to KSerampore, which was done 
early in 1800. On the 24th of April, 1800, the missionaries 
united together as a church. The printing of the New Testa- 
ment in Bengali was begun, May 26th, 3 800, and was finished 
February 7th, 1801. The first Bengali convert, Krishna Pal, was 
baptized on the last Lord's Day in December, 1800. 

The work gradually spread from Serampore. Dinagepore, 
Cutwa, and Jessore were occupied as mission stations by 1804. 
In the early part of 1805 four additional missionaries from 
England arrived. In 1809 a new place of worship for Euro- 
peans and Natives was opened in Calcutta, costing Rs. 30,000. 

In 1806, and onward for several years, the Mission ex- 
perienced severe trials from the opposition of Government, 
which seemed • determined to conciliate the Hindus by pro- 
tecting their idolatrous forms of worship against all interfer- 
ence from the missionaries. Prejudice and bigotry joined 
hands in endeavouring to prevent missionaries entering India. 
Besides other forms of opposition. Government proceeded to 
prohibit the circulation of tracts and public preaching in Cal- 
cutta ; and this opposition reached a climax when, on the ar- 
rival of two new missionaries from England in August, 1806, 
thev were peremptorily ordered to quit the cotintry immedi- 
ately. Like others who had preceded them, they at once placed 
themselves under the special protection of the Danish Gov- 
ernor of Serampore, and even then barely escaped. At times 
the Government abstained from interference ; but at other time* 



8 Indian Missionary DrRicxoRY, 

it was violently opposed to missionary enterprises. In 1812 
it ordered two missionaries to be expelled the country, and 
then all others brought to its notice, with the exception of 
those at Serampore. The last of those thus expelled was the 
Eev. Mr. Johns, who, in spite of all protestations, was sent 
home to England, at an expense to the (Baptist) Society of 
£500. In the same year, 1813, the new East India Company 
Charter came into force, removing all restrictions on 
missionaries entering the country. 

The work at Serampore and in adjoining stations was 
energetically carried forward. " In no country in the world, 
and in no period in the history of Christianity," says the author 
of Frotestcmt Missions in India, "was there ever displayed such 
an amount of energy in the translation of the sacred Scrip- 
tures from their originals into other tongues, as was exhibited 
by a handful of earnest men in Calcutta and Serampore in the 
first ten years of the present century. By their own industry, 
and that of other persons in various parts of India, who had 
caught from them the inspiration for the work, during this 
short period, portions of the Bible, chiefly of the New Testa- 
ment, had been translated, and actually printed in thirty-one 
Indian languages and dialects." The whole Bible was trans- 
lated through their agency into a few, and the New Testa- 
ment into a larger number of languages. 

In 1810 the missionaries arranged their labors under the 
specific designation of " The United Missionaries in India,** 
comprehending Bengal, with five stations, Biirmah, Orissa, 
Bhootan, and North India, with two stations, Patna and Agra. 
The missionaries, Chamberlain and Peacock, reached the latter 
place in May, 1811. 

In 1811 the number of members in all the churches ex- 
ceeded 800, one-third of whom had been added within a little 
more than a year. On the 11th of March, 1812, the mission 
printing-house at Serampore was entirely destroyed by fire, 
involving a loss of about £10,000, no part of which was in- 
sured. So great was the interest taken in England in the 
Mission that this whole loss was more than made good in the 
short space of fifty days ; and a powerful impulse was given 
to the Mission by rendering it more generally known, and pro- 
ducing a simultaneous feeling of interest in all denominations. 

During the year 1818 work was progressing in ten sta- 
tions in Bengal ; the missionaries were preaching in ten lan- 
guages ; and were preparing the Scriptures in many more. 
Allahabad was occupied in 1814 ; Dacca and Monghyr were 



Baptist Missionary Society. 9 

occupied in 181G ; Howrah, Sewry, Benares, and Delhi 
in 1818. About this time the Seranipore (/olleoe was 
])rojected, in which knowledoe was to be imparted in EngHsh, 
Hebrew, Greek, Sanskrit, Arabic, Chinese, and a nuiltitude of 
Indian lanouaoes. A charter was obtained for the Colleoe i'fom 
the Danish Government in 1829. 

During the interval 1817-27 a controversy arose l)et\veen 
the Serampore missionaries and the Parent Society respecting 
the property at Serampore. This culminated in a breach which' 
extended from 1827 to 1837, during which time the two bodies 
labored independentlv. Tlie Serampore mission had nine out- 
stations, inchiding Delhi, where the Rev. Mr. Thompson was 
earnestly laboring. The Parent Society made its head-quarters 
in Calcutta, where the missionaries prosc^cuted their labors with 
success. The printing press yielded a large revenue, chapels 
were buih in various parts of the city, and schools were opened. 
Early in 18o8 harmony^ was restoretl between the two bodies. 
The plan of union provided that the translations and all the move-- 
able property at Seram[)ore should be transferred to Calcutta, 
which thenceforth became the centre ol' interest in reuard to 
translations, printing, etc. 

The Society occupies in all a])0ut 150 stations and sub-stations. 
It had in 1881 40 European and 49 Native missionaries or Assist- 
ant missionaries, and 93 Native evangelists. About 3,800 children 
are taught in the day schools and 2,400 in the Sunday-schools con- 
nected with the Society. The largest number of Christians con- 
nected with it is in Backergunge, where the (lu'istian community^ 
exceeds 4,000. There are a considera])le Jiumber of Christians 
also in the 24-Pergunnalis, in Jessore, and in Delhi and its 
neighbourhood. The native ( ■hurch-m.embers connected with the 
Society number over 4,000, representing a nominal (Jhristian 
connnunity of about 10,000. The Society has paid special atten- 
tion to the work of Bible Translation, especially in the Bengali 
and Hindi languages, chiefly through the labor of Drs. Carey, 
Yates, and Wenger, and Mr. Parsons, all of whom have i)assed to 
their eternal reward. The Society engages *inainly in preaching, 
as distinouished from educational work. 



SECRETARIES. 

General Secv. — Alfred Henry Bavxes, Esq., F. S. S., 19, Castle 
St., Holborn, London. 

IxpiAX Secv. — The Rev. G. Kerry, Calcutta. 



10 Indian Missionary Directory. 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

■Allen, Isaac. B. Bristol, Eno-. June 18ol. E. Oberlin Col., Ohio, 
U. S. A., 1860-62. Or. Aug. 1863. A. Nov. 1863. S. Beerbhoom and 
Dacca. H. to Eng. 1875-77. S. Dacca and Cacliar. W. Engl, and 
Vorj, L. Several Engl. Tracts. H. tn Eng. 1885. ^ow in Europe. 

Anderson, James Henry. B. in Lon., 1827, E. at Stepney Col., 
Lon.. A. Nov. 2, 1854. S. Jessore, 1854-66, Acting Principal, Scranipore 
College, 1866-68 ; for a time in Calcutta. H. six months in 1862, and 
1870-72, Rt. 1873. S. Allahabad. Work Ver. at Jessore, Engl, and 
Ver. since. On account of wife's ill-health went to Eng. in Feb. 1881, 
Rt. and stationed at (Ad.) Barriscd, Bengal. 

Aurimodoi. Ad. Bcwnsal, Bengal. 

Banerjea, Brojonath. Ad. Jessore, Bengal. 

Banerjea, Tara Cliand. B. Calcutta, Feb. 17, 1827. E. Gen. 
Assembly's Inst., Calcutta. For some years prosecuted medical studies. 
Became a Christian Feb. 17, 1844. Taught in Mission schools in the 
capacity of head-master about 25 years, for some years in the Cathedral 
Mission Col., Calcutta. Or. by the Presbytery of the Church of Scotland 
in Aug. 1868. Was a missionary of that Church till Feb. 1872, when 
he became a Baptist, and afterwards joined the B. M. S. of Eng, at 
Calcutta. L. Translating the Koran and Institutes of Manu. Ad. Lower 
Circular Road, Calcutta. 

Barnett, T. H. Ar. 1880. Ad. Dacca. Bengal. 

Bate, John Drew. Ar. 1866. Ad. Allahabad. 

BJioJon. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 

BioN, Roijert. Ar. 1847. Ad. Dacca, Bengal. 

Bindunath. Ad. Barrtsal, Bengal. 

Bisivas, Kristanga. Ad. Narsingdarchok, Bengal. 

Biswas, Panchanon. Ad. Faridpur, Bengal. 

Broadway, D. P. Ar. 1856. Ad. Fatua, Bengal. 

Bnl-sh. Samuel Beer. B.'Calciilt-i. 1823. Or. Se])t. 1875. S. Past.n- 
of the Native Baptist Church, So'nth Colinga St. L. " Ainulkal," "Brazen 
Serpent,"' " Namaze "' in prose and in ^iohammadan-Bcngali, " Birth and 
Childhood of Jesus," and "Narration of Abraham" in verse and in 
Mohammadan-Bengali, " Gulpa Ratno " and " Catholic Errors " in prose 
in Bengali ; versihcation of the Proverbs and Ecclesiastes in Bengali — 
all these for Tract Society : Commimtary on the Proverbs of Solomon in 
Bengali, to be had at the depository of Tract Society and in Bapt. 
Miss. Press. Ad. Intally, Calcutta. 

Carey, William "(M. B. L., K. C. S., Edinburgh). B. July 
12, 184D, at Serampore, Bengal. Set ajiart as a medical missicmary in 
Oct. 1874.-M. Oct. 26, 1874. A. Dec. 1, 1874. H. 1884. Xow in Europe. 

Carey, W. Ar. 1885. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 

Chowdry, Mohendro Natli. K(\. BaraSet. Beuqal. 

Chowdry, /?. /?. Ad. Allahduul. 

Chundrocoomar. Ad. Barriml, Bengal. 

Cornelius, 0. E. Ad. Jamtara, Bengal. 



Baptist Missionary Society. 11 

T)ann, G. T. Ar. 1884. W. Engl, and Ver. Ad. Allahalad. 
JJas, Gof/on C. Ad. ('(dcutta. 

D((s, Lulit M. All. Faridpur, Bengal. 

D'Cruz, J. A. Ad. to Chittagong, Bengal. 

Dhormonaraiian. Ad. Bairisal, Bengal. 

DiLLOx, A. ^ Ar. 1881. Ad. Poona. 

■ Diifada?-, Anundo C. Ad. JJunida, Bengal. 

Dalai. Ad. Barn'sal, Bengal. 

Dutt, Goqon Chunder. B. of heathen parents in 1839, near 
Dacca. Converted in 1858. Or. .1802. Since 1867, S. Khoohia. L. 
Three Tracts ; two on " Romanism," and one on " Christian Baptism," 
Bapt. Miss. Press, Calcutta. Ad. Khoolna, Bengal. 

Edwauds, Thomas Richard. B. Hanthewy, Ahargavenny, .Mon- 
moutlishire, Feb. 27, 1857. E. PoontypooV Col., acceptel by the B. 
M. S. for mission work in I. July 8, 1879. A. Nov. 27, 1879. S. 
Barrisal and (Ad.) Serampore. 

Ellison, J. Ar. Dec. 1881. Ad. M^menstng, Bengal. 

Evans, B. Ar. 1880. Ad. Monght/r, Bengal. 

EwEN, John. B. in Aberdeen, N. B., in Oct. 1855. Appointed by 
Free Church of Scotland evangelist to Pachamba. Nov. 1874. A. April 
1875. Resigned on account of change of views on the subject of baptism 
and returned home Oct. 1876. Entered Bristol Baptist Col., Jan. 1877. 
Attended Medical School in thatcitv. Or. May 20, 1879. Appointed 
by B. M. Sc to Delhi. Rt. Nov. 1879, S. Delhi 1879, Muttra 1881-82, 
Benares 1882 : work Engl, and Ver. Ad. Benares. 

Ghose, Daniel. Ad. Calcutta. 

Ghose, Ujjendro iV. Ad. Dacca, Bengal. 

Gourcliand. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 

Greiff, J. E. Ad. Gya, Bengal. 

GuYTON, Robert Firth. . B. April 5, 1845, at Norwich. 0. at 
Chepstow, June 1871. M. Oct. 1871. Labored three years as pastor of 
the Baptist Church, Chepstow. A. ]\[arch 25, 1874. S. Delhi. Ad. Delhi. 

James, W. B. Ar. 1878. Ad. Dinagejwre, Bengal. 

James, W. R. Ar. 1878. Ad Serampore. 

Jewson, Arthur. B. Earth Hunts, Eng., May 4, 1856. A. Nov. 30, 
1881. S. Barrisal, 1882-83. Since Jan. 1884 at (Ad.) Comillah, Bengal. 

Jones, Daniel. B. in Nov. 1850 at Llantwit Maior. Glamorgan- 
shire, S. Wales.. E. Pontypool Col., Wales, 1872-74- Or. Nov. 11, 
1874. A. Dec. 7, 1874. Ss Monghyr till 1876 : Benare.^, 1878 ; Agra, 
1878-84. H. 1884-85. Ad. Agra. 

Jordan, Charles. B. at Dulwich, Surrey, Oct. 1, 1841. E. Re- 
gents Park Col., Lon. Afterwards had pastoral work. Designation, 
Aug. 1869. A. Nov. 8, 1869, S. Dec. 1869 to June 1871, Barrisal ; 
1871-73, Engl, preaching, teaching and Ver. translation al Serampore 
and Calcutta ; 1873-78, President of Serampore Col. ; in 1878 transfer- 
red to Calcutta. H. to Eng, in 1879. Pastor Circular Road Church. Ad. 
Calcutta. 



1^ Indian Missionary' Directory. 

Kalachand. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 

Kerry, George. Ar. 1856. Ad. Soutli Road, Intally, Calcutta. 
Kerry, J. G. Ar. 1881. Ad. of Ban-isal, Bengal. 
Kinaram. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 
Kiranodoi. Ad. Do. Do. 
Manilc. Barrisal, Bengal. 
Martin, A. J Ar. 1885. Ad. Allahabad. 
Masih, Tmam. Ad. Patna. 
McIntosh, R. M. Ar. Feb. 1885. Ad. Agra. 

McKexna, Angus, B. Dec. 20, 1833. Entered the ministry in 
1855. A. 1851. Joined the Society in ]85(;. M. in Aug. 1857. S. 
Serampore, 1857 : Dinas^epore, l!^()2 : Cliittat^ong, 1867 : Dacca 
1870 : Barrisal, 1874 : 'Dacca. 1874: Soory, ^1870. H. Frcm Feb. 
1870 to Jan. 1873. W. Engl, and Ver. Ad. Soor>i, Bengal. 
Misscr, P. Ad. Monghp'. 
Mitchell, W. S. Ad. Dina-purc. 
Mohesh. xVd. Barrisal. Bengal. 
Xilkanto. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 
Nilumher. xVd. Do. Do. 

Nohin. Ad. Do. Do. 
Nohin {Pastor). Ad. Do. Do. 
Nohoooomar. Ad. Do. Do. 

Nondocoomar. Ad. Do. Do. 

Patterson, H. Ar. 1883. S. Barrisal, 1883-85 : Since (Ad.) 
Soory, Bengal. 

^Pestonji, Horniazdji. B. in Bombay in 1820. Or. 1846 and 1848, in 
Free Church of Scotland. School work, Bombay, 1843-56 : teacliing 
and i3reachnig, 1857-62 : evangelistic work in Europe, 1862-73 (during 
part of this time Professor of Marathi and Gujarati in King's Col., 
London): Rt. 1873, and has since labored* at Poona. L. Bible transla- 
tion in Gujarati ; T. " Lives of the Caesars" (Gujarati) : several original 
tracts in Parsi-Gujarati : special papers in Engl, on Parseeism, etc. H. 
to Eng. 1870-81. M. Poona. 

Potter, J. G. Ar. Dec. 1881. Ad. Agra. 
Prem Chand. Ad. Monghyr. 
Preni Chand. XA. Barrisal, Bengal. 
Prosonnocoomar. Ad. Do. Do. 
Price, W. J. Ad. Dinapore, Bengal. 
Rajuhaldar. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 
Ram.^imder. Ad. Do. Do. 

Rasiclc. Ad. Do. Do. 

Robinson, D. Ar. 1885. Ad. Serampore, engal. 
Rouse, George Henry. B. at Melton, Suffolk, Nov. 18, 1838. 
Brought uj) in the Church of England : was baptized in 1854: studied 
for the ministry in Stepney and Regents Park Col. Was sent to L in 
1861, with the view of specially engaging in the wcn'k of Bible translation 
in Bengal. Remained till May 1863, when complete failure of health 



Baptlst Missionary Society. 13 

necessitated a return to Eng, Remained in Eng. nine years, most of the 
time as tutor in the Regents Park or thS Haverfordwest Baptist Theol. 
Col. Rt. in 1872, and settled in Calcutta For nearly four jTars had 
cliarge of the B. M. S. Press. For over two years acted as pastor of the 
Circular Road and afterwards of the Lai Baznr Church. Has been to 
some extent associated with Dr. Wengor in the revision of Bengali Bible 
and has engaged in other Yer. works. H. to Eng. in 1880 and in 1885. 

Roji, Padma Lochan. Ad. Baraset, Berigcd. 

Sadhuchnran. Ad. Barriscd, Bengid. 

Snii'i'd, II. II. Ad. Faridpar, Bengal. 

Sant, A. L. Ad. Do. Do. 

Shah, GooJ'/.ar. B. near Calcutta about 1826. Appointed pastor of 
the Intally Church in 1852. In 1853 the Baptist Churches of Intally and 
Colinga were united, autl he became pastor of the united Church, remain- 
ing at Colinga until 1865, when his secular employnieut called him to 
Simla, where he founded the Baptist mission. Labors ;U Simla during 
the hot season, and at Calcutta during the cold. In 1871 visited Eng., 
where he spent four months. Ad. Simla. 

Shitol. Ad. BarrisaJ, Bengal. 

Sirkar, C. N. Ad. Fandpvr. Bengal. 

Sirka?', John. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 

Spurgeon, Robert. B. Halstead, Essex, May 17, -1850. Or. at East 
Lon. Tabernacle, 1873. A. March 11), 1874. S. Soory, 1874-75, Jessore, 
1876-78, Dacca, 1879. Barrisal, Nov. 1880. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 

Srinath. Ad. Barrisal. Bengal. 

Stubbs, I. Ar. 1884. Ad. BanLipore, Bengal. 

Sudin. Ad. Monghyr. 

Summers, Edward Samuel. B. Lon. June 18, 1853. Or. Oct. 1876. 
A. Dec. 1876. S. Calcutta, 1877, Serampore Col. 1878 to present. x\d. 
Seramf>ore. 

Teichmanx, a. Ar. 1883. Ad. Calcutta. 

Thomas, D. Ar. 1885. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 

Thomas, Herbert James. B. Calcutta, Oct. 20, 1856. Or. at Bristol, 
June 1881. A. Nov. 29. 1881. S. Delhi. Ad. Delhi. 

Thomas, Joseph Wilsox. B. in Calcutta, Feb. 6, 1844. Rt. from 
Eng. Nov. 1867. S. Serampore Col. till 1878. H. Nov. 1878— Feb. 
1880. Ad. Bapt. Mission Press, Calcutta. 

Thomas, S. S. Ar. 1885. Ad. Delhi. 

Tregillus, Richard Henry. B. at Plymouth, Oct. 3. 1859. E. 
Regents Park College. A. Nov. 28, 1885. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED lyHSSIONARIES. 

John- Thomas. — Mr. T. had been educated for the medical profession, 
and having olttained an appointment in the service of the East India Com- 
pany, proceeded to Calcutta in 1783 as a Surgeon. Unable on his arrival to 



14 Indian Missionary DirvECxoRY. 

discover any (uic of a congenial Christian spirit, lie advertised, as lie said, for 
a Christian wlio woidd assist in in-onioting a knowledge of Jesus Clirist in 
and aroun<l Bengal. Mr. Chanil)ers responded and offered to encourage 
the translation of the New Testament into the Persian and JMoorish 
languages. Tliis movement, however, led to no result, and Mr. T. returned 
to England. He emharked as a Surgeon the second time?* and. on his arrival 
in Calcutta, was introduced to ]Mr. (irant, who was delighted with his piety 
and zeal, and raised a subscription to enable him to quit the Company's service 
and devote his attention to the heathen. A missionary station was thus form- 
ed at Goamalty, near Malda, where he applied himself diligently to the Ben- 
gali language, into which he translated a portion of the New Testament. He 
was employed three years in itinerating through the district. In 1792 he 
determined to visit England, and seek assistance for the establishment of a 
Mission in Bengal. On arriving he heard of the formation 'of a Missionary 
Society in his own denomination, and, after correspondence, he was accepted 
as a .Missionary to India. In company with ^Ir. Carey he proceeded to 
Calcutta, landing there in Nov. 1793. After remaining some moiiths in 
Calcutta he removed to Malda, where he took charge of an indigo factory. 
Amid all his secular engagements he never neglected the instruction of the 
heathen. In December 1800, Avhile at Serampore, he was so overjoyed at the 
accession of a hopeful convert that he began to exhibit symptoms of insanity, 
and was placed in an Asylum. After a month's residence here he was restor- 
ed to mental health, and proceeded to Dinagepore to take charge of an indigo 
factory. Here he died, October 13th, 1801. (" Carey, Marshman, and Ward.'') 
William Carkv — Born in Northamptonshire, Aug. 17, 17G1. His 
parents being in humble circumstances, he was 'brought up to the trade of a 
shoe-maker. A sermon by jNIr. Scott, the commentator, is said to have been 
the means of his conversion, after which he hrs^ became a village sciiool- 
master, and then the pastor of a small Baptist Church. At an early period 
of his religious career he was iml)ued with a spirit of missionary enterprise 
far in advance of the ti'ues in which he lived. His heart wa< greatly drawn 
out to the heathen world, and he continued both with pen and voice to urge 
his views upon the attention of his brethren in the ministry. Nothing less 
than his earnestness and imflagging zeal would have bi-ought success ; this at 
length rewarded him. When in Oct. 1792 the Baptist Missionary Society was 
organized, Mr. Carey at once, with great gladness of heart, offered his services 
to the Society, and, with Mr. Thomas, was appointed to India. After jnanv 
vexatious delays and much self-denial in order to secure funds, the party left 
England, June 13, 1793. Arriving in Calcutta the following November they 
took up their 'residence there ; l)ut before a month Mr. Carey was constrained 
to seek some cheaper residence. He removed to Bandel, 25 miles up the i-iAor. 
but as this was in the neighbourhood of European society, he proceeded w ith 
Mr. Thomas to Nuddea, but returned, after a l)rief sojourn, to Calcutta. Here 
he was reduced to gieat distress, and with his family removed to the Soonder- 
buns. He was rescued from this most unfavorable position through the 
efforts of Mr. Thomas, and the supei-intendence of an indigo factory was 
offered him. He accepted this at (Mice and removed to Mudnabutty, distant 
thirty miles from Malda. In this secluded spot he passed more than hvc 
years of his life, preaching to the workmen of the factory, itinerating in the 
villages, etc. His principal attention was devoted to the translation of the 
New'Testament into Bengali, for printing which a press was purchased in 
Calcutta. The press was set up at Mudnabutty-, and is still preserved in llie 
Seraiiipore College. On the arrival of :Mr. Ward and his companions in 1799. 
Ml". Carey, then at Kidderpore (a village which he had purchased), was not 



Baptist Mtsstonary Society. 15 

disposed to change his residence, but, infineneed mostly by Government op- 
]K)sition, he yielded, and removed with his family to Serampore, where he 
arrived Jan. 10, 1800. Soon after he became a teacher of the Bengali lan- 
guage in the College of Fort William, entering upon his office ]\hiy 12, 1801. 
Shortly after he was likewise appointed teacher of the Sanskrit language ; and 
compiled gi-ammars of l)oth languages. He was also diligently engaged in 
translations. In 1807, on the re-modelling of the college, Mr. Carey was 
raised to a professorship, and his allowance increased to Ks. 1,000 per month. 
In ]\Iarch 1807 he received the diploma of Doctor of Divinity from Brown 
University, in the United States, a title of which he was well worthy. His 
wnfe having died, Mr. Caey was married again in 1808. In July 1809 he 
completed the pu]»lication of the Bengali Bible, and was at once seized with 
a fever which brought him rapidly to the brink of the grave. The fever was 
at length subdued, and he gradually recovered his strength. He continued 
to lal)or with unabated zeal. Amidst all his missionary, biblical and 
literary labors, he never lost sight of the material interests of the 
country. In April 1820 he drew up the prospectus of the Agricul- 
tural Society of India which was organized soon after, chiefly through 
his efforts. jNIay 30th, 1821, he was visited with the loss of his second wife, 
who had been of '"eminent service to him in the translation of the Scriptures." 
During 1823 he was married the third time. In July 1823 his labors were 
still further augmented by accepting the office of Government translator in 
the Bengali language. He also edited a grammar and a dictionary of the 
Bootan language, and completed his Bengali Dictionary. In the course of ihe 
year he was elected a fellow of the Linn;ean Society, a member of the Geo- 
logical Society, and a corresponding memlier of the Horticultural Society of 
London. In Octol)er he was again brought near death ; l)ut was gradually 
restored to health. I)uring 1833 he experienced several severe attacks of 
illness, and it was evident that his constitution was exhausted by his forty 
years of incessant labor in the climate of Bengal, without a visit to Englam), 
or even a voyage to sea to recruit his strength. After he had completed 
the last revision of the Bengali translation, he felt that his course was run, 
and liis work accomplished. On Monday morning, June Dth, 1834, he passed 
gently away to the better world. {V'uJfi " ]\[emoir of William Carey. By 
Eustace Carey," '"Carey, Marshman, and Ward," and other volumes.) 

John Fountain — A resident of London. Appointed to the ^lission in 
Bengal, he embarked on one of the Company's ships, rated as a servant, and 
entered India without attracting notice. He joined the Mission at Mudnabutty 
tow\ards the close of 170G. He removetl with Mr. Carey to Serampore in 1800, 
where, on the 20111 of Aug. of the same year, he died. 

Joshua Marshman — Born at Westbury Leigh in Wiltshire, April 20, 
17(58. As he grew up his reading became somewhat extensive, and when l.e 
was fifteen he spent several months, in the shop of a London book-seller. 
Shortly after his return he united Avith the Baptist church in his native village. 
In 17yi he was most happily married. In 1794 he removed to Bristol, where 
he was baptized, and where he passed through a course of study in the 
Academy. The perusal of the periodical accounts, which recorded the labors 
of Mr. Carey, gradually turned his mind to missionary labor in India : and 
when it w^as known that the Society Avas in need of laborers for that field, he 
oftVed his services and was accepted. In company Avith ]\Iessrs. Ward, 
Brunsdon, and Grant he embarked jNIay 29, 1799, and reached Serampore, 
October 13 of the same year. On :\lay 18^1800, :Mr. and Mrs. Marshman opened 
two boarding schools, which soon yielded a handsome income. On the 1st of 
October he delivered his first address to the Natives in Bengali. In July 



16 Indian Missionap.y Directory. 

1801 he visited Jet^sore, wliioli soon after l)er-;une a mission station. At the 
beginning- of 180G Mr. M.' coninieneed tlie study of Chinese, witli the view 
of transUiting the scriptni-es into that Uingiiii,ge. For tifteen years lie (Unvoted 
himself to this arduous task ; and lie has the merit of luiving carried the hrst 
Chinese translation of the Bihle through the press, Mr, M. was eminently 
successful in collecting funds for the new Chapel in Bow Bazar, Calcutta : 
in less than ten days he secured £1,100 from those altogether unconnected with 
his own denomination. In 1808 he waited in person on cA'cry gentleman of 
eminence in Calcutta, and ol>tained no less than £2,300 to aid in the printing 
of the Scriptures. Two years later, in 1810, he published the firi?t volume 
of his English translation of the works of Confucius, with a preliminary dis- 
sertation on the language of China : a monument of literary enterprize. Mr. 
Marshnuin's literary laltors had attracted much attention in America, and 
in June 1811 he was honored with the diploma of Doctor of Divinity 
from Brown University, In the year 1814 he published his " Clavis 
Sinica, or Key to the Chinese Language," the result of eight years 
of study. About the year 1815 he published his memorable pamphlet 
entitled, '• Hints relative to Native Schools, together with an Outline of an . 
Institution for theii" Extension and ^Management." The plan described in the 
pamphlet for the extension of vernacular schools succeeded beyond tlie most 
sanguine expectation. AVithin a year or two 45 schools were established 
within a circle of 20 miles around Serampore, in whicii 2,000 children were 
taught. On the 31st of May 1818 the lirst num]>er of the Sumachar Diir- 
p(ui, or Mirror of News, was issued from the Serampore press, conducted chiefly 
by Mr. 'M. In the same year the missionai-ies also commenced the publica- 
tion of a monthly magazine which was denominated the '' Friend of India," 
a name which was associated with the periodical publicatimis of Serampore 
for more than half a centiuy. They also about this time i>sued the prospectus 
of the Serampore College wliich was drawn up by ^Ir. M. In June 1820 Mr. M, 
commenced the publication of a Qnarterhj Friend. These journals from the be*- 
ginning took an active part in the discussion of all subjects of public interest. 
During the years 1820-21 Mr, M. was engaged in his celebrated discussion with 
IJam ]\Iohun Roy on the doctrine of the Atonement, The controversy attracted 
nuich attention and was beneficial to the interests of Christian truth. The 
cliief object to which his attention was directed at this time was the comple- 
tion of the Chinese version of the Bible, on which lie had been engaged four- 
teen years, and the last sheet of which left the press in Dec. 1822. A copy 
of it was presented to the British and Foreign Bible Society at their annual 
meeting in May 1823. In Jan. 182G, in the interests of the Serampore Col- 
lege, Mr. ^I. proceeded to England, where he landed June 17. He visited 
prominent cities in Great Britain, addressing large audiences and awakening a 
deep interest in the work at Serampore, He also visited Denmark, and in a 
personal interview with the King obtained the royal sanction to the charter of 
the College. From Copenhagen he "[proceeded to Paris and thence to England. 
After several months of labor and travel he emV)arked for India, Feb. 19, 
1829, landing at Serampore, May 19. For several years he was engaged in 
teaching and literary work. At the beginning of 1834 his health began to 
fail. The death of his colleague, Mr. Carey, in 1834, intlicted a blow on his 
enfeebled constitution: and in 1835 he took a journey to the sanitarium of 
Chirra Poonjee. During 1836 his health was precarious : his spirits rose and 
sank with the prospects of the mission, and these prospects were then not of 
tlie brightest. In 1837 it became evident that his days of labor were nearly 
ended. He grew weaker until early in December, when he was called to 
enter into rest. ("Carey, Marshman, an<l Ward.'") 



Baptist Missionary Society. ' 1? 

William Ward. — Born at Derby, Oct. '20, 17G9, the son of a carpenter, 
who died while he was a child. At an early period while only an apprentice, 
he mmifested considerable mental ability, and was afterwards employed in 
journalism for six years, first at Stafford, and afterwards at Hull. At the place 
last named he became decidedly religious, was publicly baptized, and commenced 
his theological studies with a view to the Christian ministry. Shortly after 
the Society called for laborers for India and Mr.W. was one of the four to res 
pond. Landing at Serampore he with his co-laborers was soon busily engaged 
in missionary work : he set the first typ6s of the Bengali Bible with his own 
hands, and presented Mr. Carey with the first sheet of the New Testament 
March 18, 1800. In Oct. ho went out to preach alone in Bengali. Neither of 
his colleagues, it is said, ever obtained that mastery of the colloquial language 
which he acquired. Towards the close of 18l0 he published the first edition of 
his work on the '• History, Literature, and Mythology of the Hindus, including 
a minute description of their manners and customs, and Translations from 
their principal works. " This work has passed through a number of 
editions. In 1818, impah-ed health necessitated a voyage to England, and he em- 
barked Dec. 18, landing in Eng. the following May. During the voyage 
he partly composed a volume entitled, " Reflections on the Word of God for 
every day in the year, to be used in family Devotions." While at home he 
travelled, wrote and lectured in behalf of his brethren at Serampore and the 
perishing millions in India. Being the first missionary who had ever returned 
to Eng. from the East he received in every circle a most enthusiastic wel- 
come. He visited various parts of England, Scotland, and Whales, and 
besides other labors succeeded in raising £3,000 for the Serampore College. 
He paid a visit to Holland ; and also spent three months in America, where 
he was heartily welcomed, and where he raised Rs. 20,000 for the College. 
Returning to England he embarked for India in May 1821. During the voyage 
he employed his time in writing farewell letters to his friends in England and 
America, which he was subsequently prevailed on to publish ; the work went 
through three editions. He reached Serampore, Oct. 20, 1821 : resumed 
charge of the secular department of the mission, and of the printing office, and 
worked the nineteen presses with increased diligence in the printing of 
Scriptures and tracts ; but the object to which lie gave his chief attention 
was the training of the more advanced youths in the College for missionary 
duties. He revised and published his " Reflections" : and began another 
literary work. He was enabled for a few months to resume his labors with 
all the vigour of renewed health, when his career was suddenly terminated 
by an attack of cholerti. On Wednesday evening, the 5th of March 1823, he 
preached the evening lecture, apparently in good health : the next day he 
attended to some work, but was seized with cramps in the afternoon, and ex- 
pired on Friday, at the age of 53. 

William Lewis Grant. A resident of Bristol. In company with Messrs. 
Marshman, Ward, and Brunsdon he landed at Serampore, Oct. 13, 1799. 
The dampness of the house, occupied by the missionary party, caused Mr. 
Grant to be attacked with a severe cold which brought on a fever : from the 
effects of which he died on the 31st of Oct. of the same year. 

Daniel Brunsdon. One of the four missionaries who came in 1799. He 
died in Calcutta on the 3rd of July 1801, at the early age of 24. 

Felix Carey. Eldest son of Dr. Carey. He was born in Eng. several 
years before Dr. C. came to I. Accepted by the Missionaries as a colleague 
in 1803. In 1807 he offered his services to assist in the establishment of a 
Mission in Burmah : and in compai^ with Mr. Chater proceeded to Rangoon 
at the close of the year. Hearing that he had introduced vaceiufttiou &t 



18 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Rangoon, the King of Ava ordered him to proceed to the capital and vaccinate 
the royal household. He went to Bengal for supplies, and on returning to 
Rangoon received orders to bring with him the press Avhich had been estab- 
lished there. The vessel in which he embarked was upset by a squall in the 
river, and his wife and two children -were drowned. The press was lost. He 
resided some time at the Court and proceeded to Bengal as the representative 
of the King, but incurring his displeasure he was not able to return to Rangoon. 
After leaving Burmah he led a wandering life on the eastern frontier of 
Bengal for three years, when he returned to Serampore. From this time to the 
date of his death, in 1822, he continued to labor in connection with the Seram- 
pore missionaries. 

John Chamberlain. Sailed for I. with his wife, by way of America, in 
May 1802, and reached Serampore* Jan. 27, 1803. His progress in acquiring 
the' language was very rapid. Early in 180-1 he was stationed at Cutwa. 
Here he met with severe domestic afflictions, but continued to labor for live 
years. On the 16th of Kov. 1810 Lord Minto granted a passport to 
Messrs. Chamberlain and Peacock, and with the approval of their brethren they 
proceeded to Agra to form a station. On account of disagreement with the 
Military authorities he was sent back to Serampore, after a lapse of eighteen 
months. Shortly after, he returned to the North- West, and took up his resi- 
dence at Sirdhana : but in 1814 was again removed by the Government from 
the North- West Provinces. Mr. C. soon after made choice of Monghyr as 
his station, and there passed tlie remaining years of his life. Having declin- 
ed in health, he sailed for Eng. with the hope of recovery, but died on the 
passage in 1821. 

John Chamberlain Page. B. at i\[onghyr, Nov. 28, 1822. Or. at Calcutta 
in Dec. 1843. Labored at Calcutta, preaching in Hindustani and English : 
then in the 24-Pergunnahs : then stationed at Budge-Budge preaching from 
Calcutta to Gunga Sagor : next at Calcutta, teaching, and preaching in Bengali, 
Hindustani, and English in the city and suburbs. In 1848, transferred to 
Backergunge. His health failing, in Dec. 1859 he went to Eng., retm-ning to 
Barrisal in Feb. 1862. In 1865 went to the Australian colonies : was enabled 
to establisli three Missionary Societies, and, returning in 1866, to put agents 
into two districts in Bengal. Health again failing, lie went to Simla in 1867, 
and to Darjeeling in 1868. Travelled in Independent Sikkim. Re- visited 
Eng. to recruit his health, and returned in Jan. 1875 : was stationed at Dar- 
jeeling, until 1876, when he retired. 

John Wenger. B. Aug. 31, 1811, in the canton of Berne, Switzerland. 
E. for the Swiss National Church. Resided in Greece ^ a private tutor for 
some years, until 1838, when he went to Eng. Was baptized in Feb. 1839. 
In June 1839 A. and immediately joined the Rev. Dr. Yates in the work of 
translating the Holy Scriptures. The Old Testament w^as finished in Feb. 
1840 : the entire Bible shortly before the close of 1845. An improved edition 
of the entire Bible was issued in 1852. A third and carefully revised edition 
w\as begun in 1855 and finally completed in 1861. While this was in press 
he visited Eng. for health, Rt. in 1862. He next prepared an annotated edi- 
tion of the Bengali Scriptures, and following this, the revision of the text of 
1861. He also translated the Bible into Sanskrit faking up the work at the 
death of Dr. Yates. The first volume was pul)lis]ied in Nov. 1848. The 
second appeared in 1852 : the third, in 1858 : and the fourth, which completes 
the entire work, in 1872. After re-visiting Eng. Rt. early in 1876. Died at 
Calcutta, Aug. 20, 1880. 

Henry Heiniii-. B. Magdeburg, Gorniiiny, Jan. 30, 1810. E. Berlin, 
1836-37. A. Dc^c. 1838. S. Patna, 1838-50, Benares, 3850-81. R. 1882. 
Ad. Allahabad. 



Baptist Missionary Society. . 19 

James Smith. B. at Morley, Yorkshire, March 4, 1817. A. in 1841 
Or. in 1846. S. Cawnpore, then Muttra and Chitoura, and subsequently, imme- 
diately after the mutiny, Delhi, where he remained several years. W. Ver 
. preaching in Delhi and surrounding villages, and establishing schools • and 
Eng. preaching in Delhi. H. 1861-62, to Australia : to Eng. 1867-68 • 'ae-ain 
in 1870 : and in 1876. R. 1883. ' ^ 

Alexander McCumby. B. Cawnpore, Dec. 1814. In 1838 left the armv 
and joined Mr. Start's Mission, with which he was connected for about 39 
years. W. Bazar and mela preaching. Made extensive preaching tours in 
Bengal and North I. Went to Eng. in 1846 with Mr. Start. Rt. 1847 
Joined the B. M. S. 1878. S. Allahabad, Dinapore, and Benares. D. 1883* 
Ebenezer Charles Bethlehem Hallam. B. at Worcester, Eng. Jan 1* 
1833. E. at King Edward's Grammar School, Birmingham, and Kormal' 
School, Toronto, Canada West. Entered the ministry as a licentiate in 1852 
in connection with the Free Baptist denomination. Or. at Dereham C W ' 
Dec. 31, 1855. A. March 19, 1857. S. Jellasore, Orissa, from April 'l857' 
until Feb. 1863. Was then removed to Balasore, and in June of the same 
year sailed for America. Rt. Feb. 19, 1867. S. Balasore. Removed to Midna- 
pore in April 1870. Left the Free Baptist Mission in Dec. 1872. Resided 
in Calcutta for six months, acted for a short time as Assistant Translator to 
the Bengal Government, and commenced the pul)lication of an Oriva Grammar. 
In July 1873 was appointed officiating pastor and missionary at Monghyr* 
under the auspices of the B. M. S. of Eng. In Jan. 1875 was transferred to 
Howrah, in Jan. 1877, to Allahabad. In 1874 his Oriya Grammar was com- 
pleted and made over to the Calcutta School Book Society : to be had at their 
Depository. In July 1874 the honorary degree of M. A. was conferred by 
Bowdoin College, U. S. A. H. in 18t9, to Eng. Rt. 1881. S. Allahabad 
R. 1885 to Canada. 

Thomas Evans. B. Sept. 28, 1826, at Newport, South Wales. Set apart 
as a pastor of " The Tabernacle" at Pontypool in 1853. A. July 17, 1855. 
Appointed to Chitoura, near Agra, where he remained until Jan. 18o6, when he 
removed to Muttra. In ^May 1857 was driven into the Fort at Agra by the 
rebels, who destroyed all the mission property at Muttra. In Oct. 1858 lost 
all his property the second time by a lire in the Agra Fort. In Feb. 1859 re- 
turnecl to Muttra, where he labored among the British soldiers and also among 
tlie Hindus until Jan. 1861, when he removed to Delhi. H. in April 1863! 
Rt. Nov. 1865. Spent 1866 as pastor of the Baptist Church at Circular Road* 
Calcutta. Removed to Allahabad in Jan. 1867, where he labored as pastor 
and in general missionary work until March 1873, when, on accoimt of ill- 
health, he was again compelled to leave I. After eighteen months in Eng. 
Rt. and was stationed at Monghyr, where belabored until 1885, when, on ac- 
count of ill-health, he retired. Ad. Ootacmnund, Madras P. 

George Pearce. B. at Canterbury, Kent. Or. in June 1826 : A. Oct. 
22, 1826. S.. Chitpore, Seebpore, Intally, Alipore, Seebpore, Serampore, and 
Ootacanmnd. Except about three years, W. has been entirely Ver. Transla- 
tions : (1) "Doddridge's Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul ;" (2) Se- 
cond Part of Bunyan's " Progress," (3) " Pinnock's Bible and Gospel History;" 
(4) " Companion to the Bible" (London Tract Society). Original : A Ver- 
nacular Humn-hooh ; A Compendium of Christian 'Duties; A Tract against 
Popery; The Voice of the Bible against Idolatry; A Scripture Tract-book; 
Several smaller tracts. Several furloughs, 'aggregating ten years. Ad. 
Ootacamund, Madras P. 

Albert Williams. B. in S. Wales, 1841. Or. 1866, A 1866. S.Circular 
Road Church, Calcatta, 1866-78, Principal Serampore Col. 1879. H. to Eng. 
March 1875.— Oct. 1876. D. 1883. 



30 



ISDUS MiSSIONAEY DiEECTORT. 



Names. 


I„ma. rno.. 


Stationed at. 


Remarks. 


Joshua Rowe 


1805 


Salisbury-. 


Dinapore. 


D. 1823 


William ^Moor 


1805 


Stogumber. 


Ditto. 


D. 1844 


Richard Mardon 


1805 1 


Devonport. 


Goamalty. 


D. 1812 


John Biss 


1805 i 


Plymouth. 


Serampore. 


D. 1807 


"William Robinson ... 


1806 i 


Olney. 


Dacca. 


D. 1852 • 


Ignatius Fernandez 


180G 


Serampore. 


Dinagepore. 


D. 1830 


William Carey 


1807 


Ditto. 


QwUXA. 


D. 1853 


Carpeit C. x\ratoon ... 
William Johns 


1809 
1810 


Calcutta. 


Calcutta. 
Expelled. 




by Govt. 1813 


John Lawson 


1810 


Trowbridge. 


Calcutta. 


D. 1825 


Henry Peacock 


1810 


Calcutta. " 


Agra. 


D. 1820 


Cornish 


1810 


Ditto. 


Dacca. 


R. 1813 


Petnise 


1810 


Ditto. 


Jessore. 


R. 1813 


Owen Leonard 


1810 


Ditto. 


Dacca. 


D. 1848 


J.T.Thomson 


1810 


Ditto. 


Delhi, &c. 


D. 1849 


D. DeCruz 

William Thomas ... 


1811 
1811 




G-oamalty. 
Jessore. 




Calcutta. 


D. 1871 


Jabez Carey 


1811 


Serampore. 


Amboyna. 


D. 1862 


DeBruyn 


181:> 


... 


Chittagong. 


D. 1816 


L. Mackintosh 


1812 


Calcutta. 


Agra, &c. 


D. 1848 


W. Smith 


1813 


Cuttack. 


Benares. 


D. 1852 


Eustace Carey 
William Yates, D. D 
John DeSilva 


1814 
1813 
1815 


Paulersbury. 

Leicester. 

Calcutta. 


Calcutta. 
Ditto. 






Svlhet." 


D. 1828 


James Penney 


1816 


Shrewsbury. 


Calcutta. 


D. 1845 


W. H. Pearce 


1817 


Birmingham. 


Ditto. 


D. 1840 


Hart 


1817 
1817 


Calcutta. 


Cutwa. 

Berhampore. 

Samarang. 




J W Ricketts 




J. Phillips 


1818 


XXllL V-f\J 1 licit 


D. 1829 


Xath. M. Ward ... 


1818 


... 


Sumatra. 


D. 1850 


Burton 


1819 


... 


Deegah. 


D. 1858 


Charles Evans 


1819 




Sumatra. 


, R. 1827 


John Statham 


1820 




Calcutta. ■ 


■ R. 1827 


John Mack 


1821 


Xailsworth. 


Serampore. 


1 D. 1845 


John Johannes 


1821 


Calcutta. 


Chittagong. 


i D. 1864 


R. Richards 


1821 


Benares. 


Fun-ukabad. 


i R. 1828 


James Williamson ... 


1823 


Serampore. 


Beerbhoom. 


i D. 1866 


Andrew Leslie 


1824 


Edinburgh. 


Monghyr. 


D. 1870 


J. C. Fink 


1824 


Calcutta. 


Chittagong. 


I D. 1856 


Hampton 


1824 


Beerbhoom. 


Beerbhoom. 


R. 1824 


Thomas Swan 


1824 


Edinburgh. 


Serampore. 


R. 1829 


Albrecht 


1824 


Dresden. 


Ditto. 


D. 1829 




18-^5 




Chinsurah. 
Calcutta. 




James Thomas 


1826 


Bradford. 


j D. 1858 


J. D. Ellis 


1831 


Exeter. 


Ditto. 


1 R. 1841 


W. Gre^nwav 


1830 


... 


Dinapore. 


D. 1880 


A. B. Lish 


1831 


Calcutta. 


Agra. 


D. 1852 


John Lawrence 


1831 


Loughton. 


Monghyr. 


1 D. 1874 

i 



Baptist Missionaet Society. 



21 



Xames. 


To 
India. 


From. 


Stationed at. 


Remarks. 


H. Smylie, 


1831 


Dum Dum. 


Dinagepore. 


D. 1855 


John Leechman, D. D 


1832 


... 


Serampore. 


R. 1838 


Henry Beddy 


1832 


! 
• . . 


Patna. 


D. 1854 


F. DeMonte 


1833 


Calcutta. 


Calcutta. 


D. 1855 


(jr. T. Anderson 
Richard WilJ^ms ... 


1834 
1838 


Stepney. 

Agra. ' I 


Ditto. 




Agra. 


R. 1859 


Louis Kalberer 


1838 


Wurtemberg. 


Patna. 


D. 1866 


Robert Bayne 


1838 


Cupar. 


Calcutta. 


R. 1840 


G. Parsons 


1839 


Frome. 


Monghvr. 


D. 1840 


F. Tucker 


1839 


Stepney. 


Calcutta. 


R. 1841 


T. Phillips 


1839 


Ditto. 


Agra, &Q.. 


D. 1868 ' 


Thomas Morgan 


1839 


,., 


Howrah. 


D. 1885 


W. W. Evans 


1840 


Hackney. 


Calcutta. 


R. 1845 


G. Small 


1840 


Bristol. 


Calcutta, Sec. 


R. 1852 


John Parsons 


1840 


Frome, 


^longhvr. 


D. 1869 


Robert Gibson 


1841 


Stepney. 


Calcutta. 


D. 1842 


J. Parry 

J. Makepeace 


1841 
1844 


Barrisal. 


.TpQQArp 




Agra. 


R. 1855 


.W. H. Denham 


1844 


London. 


Serampore. 


D. 1858 


C. B. Lewis 


1845 


England. 


Calcutta. 


R. 1878 


John Sale 


1849 


Wokingham. 


Calcutta, &c. 


D. 1875 


C. F. Supper 


1851 


Wurtemberg. 


Dacca. 


D. 1871 


J. Trafford 


1852 


Weymouth. 


Serampore. 


R. 1879 


J. Jackson 


1853 




Allahabad. 


D. 1866 


John Greg-son 


1854 


Beverley. 


Agra. 


R. 1872 


William Sampson ... 


1855 


Bristol, 


Serampore. 


R. 1865 


J. Mackay 


1855 


Scotland, 


Dellii. 


D. 1857 


R. Robinson 


1856 


Agra, 


Dacca. 


R. 1869 


E. Dakin 


1857 


Loughborough, 


Serampore. 


D. 1869 


J. G. Gregson 


1858 


London, 


Agra. 


R. 1869 


J. Williams 


1859 


Wales. 


Muthra. 


R. 1879 


F. T. Reed 


1860 


Bristol. 


Sewry. 


R. 1879 


J, Parsons 


1860 


Meerut. • 


Delhi. 


D. 1885 


R.J.Ellis 


1860 


Scotland. 


Jessore, &c. 


D. 1877 


E. C. Johnson 


1861 


London. 


Jessore, <S:c., 


R. 1870 


E. Edwards 


1862 


Pontypool. 


Monghvr, &c. 


R. 1872 


J. A. Campagnac ... 


1870 


Calcutta. 


Ditto.* 


D. 1873 . 


H. G. E. St. Dalmas 


1872 


Wellmgton. 


Ulwar. 


R. 1878 


C. C. Brown 


1874 


London. 


Barrisal. 


R. 1876 


J. Mintridge 


1874 


Birmingham. 


Jessore. 


D. 1875 


E. B. Francis 


1874 


... 


Poona. 


R. 


W. S. Miller 


1874 


... 


Benares. 


R. 


H. J. Tucker 


1875 


... 


Sewry. 


R. 


S. J. Choirryappah.. 


1875 


... 


^ladras. 


R. 1883 


R. K. Kohiraj 




... 


Calcutta. 


D. 


L. Tucker 


1881 


1 


Serampore. 


R. 1882 



CHAPTER III. 

THE LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

This Society was organized in September 1795, the Rev. 
David Bogne, d.d., of Gosport, taking the leading part in its found- 
ing. The constitution of the Society is thoronghly catholic, being 
intended to include in its management, support and practical work- 
ing, Christians of all denominations. The chief support has always 
been drawn from the English C/Origregationalists, and of late years 
increasingly so, as other churches have been constrained to institute 
and support missions of their own. 

The Society sent its first missionary to India in the year 1798. 
This was the Rev. N. Forsyth, who came in the first instance to 
Calcutta, but finally settled at Chinsurah^ twenty miles to the north 
of that city. He labored at both places but chiefly at Chinsurah. 
He continued alone in the work until 1812, when he was joined by 
the Rev. Robert May, who succeeded him at Chinsurah, and was 
soon deeply engaged in educational efforts. He was so successful" 
in this branch of labor that by the end of 1816 he had under his 
superintendence as many as thirty scliools, in which near 3,000 
children received instruction, and for which Government gave a 
monthly grant of Rs. 800. Mr. May was soon joined by the Rev. 
Mr. Pearson from England, and by Mr. Harle. The mission at 
Chinsurah passed in 1819 into the hands of the Free Church of 
Scotland : a printing press which was first set up there was after- 
w^ards removed to Calcutta and subsequently abandoned. 

In the year 1804, the Rev. George Cran and the Rev. Augus- 
tus Des Granges were appointed to India by the Society, and 
arrived at Madras in March 1805. They remained here a few 
months engaged in the study of the language, and then proceeded 
to Vizagapatamj'the capital of the Northern C^ircars, where they 
founded a mission which has continued since. They opened schools 
and soon began translating the Scri'ptures into Telugu, in which 
they were greatly assisted by Anandarayer, a converted Brahman 
from Tranquebar. Their labors were cut short, however, as Mr. 
Cran died in 1809, and Mr. 'Des Granges in 1810. Other mission- 
aries had arrived and the work was carried steadily forward. „ No 
converts were gained until about 1835. In 1837 a collegiate 
Institution was founded ; and in 1810 a printing press was es- 
tablished. Chicacole was occupied as a branch mission station in 
1844, and in 1852 Yizianagram was added. 

The London Society was the first to establish a mission in 
Madras next after that connected with the Christian Knowledge 



London IMissionary Society. 2 

Society. In 1805 the Rev. W. C. Loveless and Dr. Taylor 
arrived from England on their way to Surat. The latter entered 
Government service, and Mr. Loveless was persuaded to remain 
in Madras. His labors were mostly among the English-speaking 
population. He became Master of the Male Asylum, which posi- 
tion he held until 1812. For years he did not find his way open 
to labor among the heathen. About 1815 he was joined by several 
missionaries from England, and more active operations were 
commenced. Schools were opened and a church formed. In 
1852 an educational Institution was founded, which is affiliated 
with the Madras University, and is well attended. Out-stations 
have been formed at Pulicat and Tripassore. 

Missionary work in Travancore was commenced by the Eev. 
Mr. Ringeltaube in 1806. He had previously been connected 
with the Christian Knowledge Society and appointed to Calcutta : 
but had suddenly resigned his position and returned to England. 
Subsequently, in 1804, he was sent out by the London Society in 
company with the Rev. Messrs. Cran and Des Granges. When 
the latter proceeded to Yizagapatam he travelled southwards to 
the extremity of India. He labored in Tinnevelly and along the 
coast from Tucicorin to Cape Comorin. Early in 1806 he sailed 
from Tranquebar to Tuticorin, where he began preaching. He 
visited a number of places, among them Trichinopoly, and baptized 
many persons. Subsequently he took up his residence at Maladi, 
where he erected a church. By the year 1810 he had formed six 
out-stations :-in this year he baptized 200, and in 1811, 400 per- 
sons. By the end of 1812 there were 677 communicants in all 
the stations of his mission. In the midst of his usefulness, in the 
year 1815, he suddenly and mysteriously disappeared and was 
never heard of again. He was succeeded in 1818 by the Rev. 
Charles Mead, who has been called the " Father of the South 
Travancore Mission." The foundation stone of the Nao-ercoil 
Chapel, the largest in South India, was laid January 1st, 1819. 
In 1819 Mr. Mead and his co-laborers established a Theological 
School, which has since been sustained mainly through the pro- 
ceeds of a donation of R^. 5,000 made at that time by the Ranee 
of Travancore. In a few years the converts had so far multiplied 
that the mission was separated into two divisions, with Nager- 
coil as the head-quarters of the one, and Neyoor of the other. At' 
both these places printing presses were set up and sustained for 
many years : but they were eventually merged into one which has 
been active and useful. By 1840 the Christians in the two dis- 
tricts had increased to 15,000, while the schools in them had 7,540 
pupils. In 1822 out-statious from Nagercoil were formed both 



24 Indian Missionaky niBECTOKt . 

at Trevandrum and Quilon. In the latter place a printing press 
was established, but was subsequently given up. 

In the year 1810 the Society began its operations at Bellary, 
the Rev. John Hands being the first missionary appointed there. 
Under his supervision schools were opened, a church -was formed, 
and Tract and Bible Societies organized. In 1818 the Scriptures 
were published in Canarese, having been translated by Mr. Hands. 
In 1826 a much-needed press was established at Bellary. It 
w^as at this station that the celebrated Samuel Flavel, one of the 
brightest ornaments of the Native Church of India, labored for a 
score of years. He was ordained in 1822 at Bangalore, where he 
labored as pastor of the Native Church until 1827, wdien he was 
transferred to Bellary. He was suddenly removed by choleca 
in 1847, 

When the Society was organized in 1795, Surat was one of 
the places w^hich it proposed to occupy: and in 1805 two mission- 
aries were appointed to this place, but, as has been seen, did not 
reach their destination. In 1815 two others, the Rev. J. Skinner 
and the Rev. W. Fyvie, were appointed, and entered upon their 
work in Surat at the close of that year. The missions of the 
Society were transferred subsequently to the Irish Presbyterian 
Mission, as 'it was thought that they w ere too greatly isolated from 
the other Indian missions of the London Society. Surat was thus 
transferred in 1846, the other stations, in 1859. 

Calcutta w^as occupied by the Society in the year 1816, the 
first missionaries being the Rev. Henry Townley and the Rev. 
Mr. Keith. They established schools in Calcutta and preached 
both there and at Howrah. In May 1820 the foundation stone 
of ^' Union Chapel " in Dhurrumtollah street w^as laid. The church 
was completed in April 1821. Of the large* sum expended on it 
nearly £4,000 w^ere collected in India. Ramakalchoke and con- 
tiguous places were occupied in 1826, and have been held ever 
since. In 1837 the Educational Institution at Bhowanipore was 
established. It has expanded from year to year and was early 
affiliated with the Calcutta University. The building was erected 
in 1853, at a cost of £6,800. The Society has given no little 
attention to the subject of female education here. 

In August 1820 the Rev. M. T. Adam began the mission at 
Benares. The missionaries, many of whom have spent long terms 
of service in this one station, have given themselves to teaching 
and preaching. The mission has here a large collegiate Institution 
besides other schools. 

Belgaum in the Canarese country was occupied for the Society 
ia the year 1820 by the Rev, Joseph Taylor, who labored there 



London Mis^onary Sq.ciiety. 25 

more than thirty years. The Rev. W. Beynon was stationed at 
Belgaum in 1828, and, after many years of labor, died there in 
1878. The mission at Bangalore was founded in 1820 by the 
Rev. Messrs. Laidler and Forbes. For many years but little pro- 
gress was made and many reverses were experienced, but at pre- 
sent the mission is in a flourishing state. One fact which may 
help to account for this is, that the Society has kept from chang- 
ing its agents there. The Rev. Messrs. 0. Campbell, B. Rice, and 
J. Sewell in their united terms of service have labored at Banga- 
lore not less than one hundred years. 

In the year 1822 the Rev. J. Hands established a mission 
in Cuddapah. Prior to 1818 but few converts were obtained, 
but about this time a spirit of inquiry spread among the villages 
and the progress since has been rapid and encouraging. In 1855 
a new station was formed at Nundial which has become an im- 
portant centre of missionary operations: in 1881 the headquarters 
of the mission were transferred to Gooty. 

Berhampore, in the district of Moorshedabad, w^as occupied in 
1824. The Christian community is chiefly engaged in cultivating 
the soil. 

The mission at Salem was founded in 1827 by the Rev. Henry 
Crisp. The Society has now fourteen congregations in the dis- 
trict, the chief of which are at Salem and Tripatore. Coimbatoor 
and Combaconum were occupied by the Society in 1830. Of late 
years a large number of converts has been added to the missions. 

In 1838 a mission was established at Mirzapore by the Rev. 
Dr. Mather, who continued at the head of the mission thirty-five 
years. It possesses a flourishing educational Institution, a large 
Orphanage, two churches and an extensive press. An out- 
station was formed in 1863 among the Singrowlee hills to the 
south of Mirzapore. 

The Society has two missions in the Himalayas: one at Almorah, 
established in 1850 by the Rev. J. H. Budden: the other at Rani- 
khet, in 1868 by the Rev. J. Kennedy. Both are important 
stations: the former is the seat of Ramsay College, one of the most 
prosperous mission schools in North-India. The statistics for 
1885 are as follows: — 

Stations occupied ... - ... ... 24 

Foreign Ordained Agents ... ... 47 

Native do. do. ... ... 45 

Native Christians (Adherents) ... 52,268 

Communicants ... ... ... 6,060 



26 Indian Missionaby Directoky. 

SECRETARIES. 
Bengal. — The Rev. J. P. Ashton, Calcutta. 
N. W. P. — The Rev. D. Hutton, Mirzapur. 
KuMAON. — The Rev. J. H. Budden, Almora. 
Madras. — The Rev. P. Rice, Bangalore. 

Travancore. — The Rev. J. Duthie, Nagercoil 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Allan, Alexander L. Or. at Glasgow, Nov. 22, 1883. A. Jan. 16, 
1884. Ad. Nagercoil. 

Arogyasu, G. P. Or. 1883. Ad. Bangalore. 

Arulappen, M. Or. . Ad. Salem, Madras P. 

Arumanayagam, Arulanajukon. B. at Colachel, South Travancore. 
Or. Jan. 9, 1867. Labored as inspector of village schools in Neyoor 
district from 1852 to 1862 : theological class at Nagercoil, 1861-62 : 
evangelist in the Neyoor district, 1863-67 : since ordination, as assistant 
missionary at Attur. Ad. Attur, Neyoor, Travancore. 

Arumanaijagam, Visuvasam. Or. Van. 3, 1867. L. a Handbill on 
"Existence of the Soul." Ad. Ananthanadangudy, Nagercoil, Tra- 
vancore. 

Arumanayagan, V. Or. . Ad. Neyoor, Travancore. 

AsHTON, John Perkins. A. in 1859. Was stationed for six years 
at Madras and then transferred to the Bhowanipore Institution, Calcutta. 
Ad. Calcutta. 

Bacon, John Redmond. B. in London, Jan. 13, 1846. Or. in Sept. 
1875, A. in Nov. 1875, has since labored at (Ad.) Cuddajmh, Madras P. 

Banerjea, Chandra Nath. B. Kalighat, 1836. E. at L. M. S. Inst. 
Calcutta, (B. A. 1871). Or. in connection with L. M. S. at Union Cha- 
pel, Calcutta, 1860. S. Behala, 1860-69 ; self-supporting missionary 
at Allahabad, five years : for several years has served as Pastor of au 
Independent Bengali Congregation at Calcutta. L. Bengali " Khrista 
Sangit," a hymn-book, and " Beerangona Upakhayan," a brief account 
of Indian Female celebrities. Edited one year " Pahshik Sambad," a 
Bengal Periodical, and one year " Bongo-Meheer,'' and " Satya-Prodeep,'' 
(Lamp of Truth) three years. Translated for C. V. E. S. " Hints on 
Education," and " Third Book." Ad. Bhowanipore, Calcutta. 

Begg, a. p. Ar. 1885. Ad. Berhampore, Bengal. 

BuDDEN, John Henry. B. Nov. 19, 1813, in Lon. Or. June 8, 
1841. A. Dec. 3, 1843. S. Benares, Mirzapore, and, since 1850, 
Almorah, where he commenced the mission. Ad. Almorah, N.-W. P. 

Bullock, George McCallum. B. Edinburgh, May 1, 1850. E. 
.Western Col. Plymouth. Or. at Edinburgh, July 13, 1874. A. Oct. 23, 
1874. S. Benares, Nov. 1874 to July 1876 ; Ranikhet, July 1876 
to Dec. 1876 ; Benares, Dec. 1876 to ]\Larch 1880 ; Mirzapore, March to 
Aug, 1880 ; Benares, Aug. 1880 to Feb. 1883 ; H, Feb, 1883 to Nov. 



London Missionary Society. 27 

1884. Since, Benares. W. both Eng. and Ver. but chiefly engaged in 
the L. M. College at (Ad.) Benar.es. 

Campbell, W. Howard. A. 1885. Ad. CuddapaJi, Madras P, 

Chatterjee, Tinkari. Or. . Ad. Calcutta. 

Chatterjee, TaraFershad. B. near Calcutta, in 1833. Embraced 
Christianity, (was a Kulin Brahmin) in April 1851. Or. March 20, 
1861. Became a jDreacher of the Gospel in 1860. W. missionary and 
pastor of the L. M. S. in Calcutta. Ad. Calcutta. 

Cole, Jacob. Or. 1881. Ad. CuddapaJi, Madras P. 
Coles, Joseph Benjamin. B. in Lon. ISToy. 22, 1819. Or. July 5, 
1843. A. Dec. 25, 1843. S. Mysore, Bangalore, Bellary, Coimbatore, . 
Madras, Bellary. H. from March, 1859 to Jan. 1862 and March 1873 
to May, 1875. Ad. Bellary, Madras P. 

CoLEY, Henry. B. at Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sept. 17, 1849. E. 
at Spring Hill Col. Birmingham. Or. at Birmingham, Oct. 3, 1877. 
A. Dec. 1877, M. Has labored since A. at (Ad. Principal, Ramsay 
College,) Almorah, N.-W. P. 

Bass, Nanda Lai. B. (of Hindu parents) Sept. 30, 1840, at Barri- 
pore near Calcutta. E. at Bhowanipore. Baptized in Jan. 1857. M. 
July, 1864. Or. in Feb. 1868. Labored as an evangelist at Bhowani- 
pore, with pastoral work and teaching in the Engl. Inst. Since 1868 has 
labored at (Ad.) Bhowanipore, Calcutta. 

Baud, C. Or. 1865. Ad. Mirzapore, N.-W. P. 
Bavid, A. Ox. 1867. Ad. Coimbatore, 3Iadras P. 
Bevalam, Anbudian. Or. Aug. 1872. Ad. Trevandrum, Travancore. 
DiGNUM, i^RTHUR Abbdtt. B. iu Liverpool, 1856. Or. July, 1882. A. 
Nov. 1882. S. Gooty 1883 ; Salem, 1885. Ad. Salem, Madras P. 

Duthie, James. B. Stonehaven, Scotland, ISTov. 2, 1833. Or. Jan. 
31, 1856. A. March 15, 1856. S. L. M. S. Inst. Madras, three and-a- 
half years ; Prin. Seminary, L. M. S., Travancore, from Nov. 1859 to 
present.- L. Homiletics (Tamil) out of print ; Editorial work in con- 
nection with Tamil Magazines, Tracts, &c. H. 1869-1871, and 1875 to 
1876. Ad. Nagercoil, Travancore. 

Butt, Kasi Nath. B. in Calcutta 1830. Or. in Calcutta in 1861. 
S. Head Master, L. M. S. College and Native Minister. Ad. Benares. 
Elias, Peter. Or. 1872. Ad. Singrowlee, N.-W. P. 
Emlyn, James. A. in 1867. Ad. Pareyclialeij, Travancore. 
Fletcher, William. Or. 1865. Ad. Pareychaley, Travancore. 
Fry, Edwin Sargood. B. Chelmsford, Eng. Nov. 27, 1853. 
A. Jan. 29, 1886. Medical Missionary. Ad. Neyoor, Travancore. 

Gaze, Alfred Richard, Esq. B. Oct. 14, 1856, Norwich, Eng. 
A. Nov. 25, 1881. S. to Jan. 1886 Cuddapah, since (Ad.) Gooty, 
Madras P. 

Gnanahun, S. Or. . AcT. Bangcdore. 

GoFFiN, Herbert James. B. in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, Eng. 
Dec. 20, 1850. Or. at the same place Sep. 12, 1876. A. Jan. 1877. S. 
Vizagapatam till Dec. 1883. H. Dec. 1883 to Dec. 1885. Ad. Viziana- 
gram, Madras P. 



28 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Greaves, Edwin. B. in London, Dec. 5, 1884. Or. in Plymouth, 
Sep. 28, 1881. A, Nov. 30, 1881. S. Mimpur. Ad. Mirzaptir, N.-W. P. 

Hacker, Isaac Henry. B. Birmingham, July, 1847. Or. Carr's 
Lane, Birmingham, Oct. 3, 1877. A. Dec. 17, 1877. S. Neyoor. M. Ad. 
Neyoo7\ Travancore. 

Haines, Thomas. A. 1870. Ad. BeJlary, 31aclras P. 

Hawker, John Giles. B. Bojn Hill, Berkshire, Aug. 21, 1839. 
Or. Congregational church. Maidenhead, July 6, 1865. A. Dec. 18, 1865. 
S. Bellary till 1871 ; since, Bel gaum, principally in the Anglo-Ver. 
School. H. 1875-77. Rt. Nov. 24, 1877. Ad. Belgaum, Bombay P. 

Hay, John. B. April 23, 1812, at Stuartfield, near Aberdeen, Scot- 
land. Entered Marischal Col. in Nov. 1829, and graduated with M. A. 
in 1833. Or. in Aug. 1839, A. in Jan. 1840 ; S. Vizagapatam, in 
charge of the Engl, school. Private affairs called him to Eng. Rt. in 
1844, after an absence of eighteen months. He continued his educa- 
tional work, and afterwards engaged in that of translating the Scriptui'^s 
into Telugu. Proceeded to Eng. in 18G0 : while at home prepared a new 
translation of Genesis and Deuteronomy. On returning to India in 
1863 revised and published (in connection with Dr. Wardlaw) the 
Pentateuch and other portions of the 0. T., also the first part of " Pil- 
grim's Progress," besides a few tracts in Engl, and Telngu. In the 
beginning of 1869 was called home on account of his wife's illness. 
"Was again engaged in the work of Scripture translation and Rt. in March 
1872. He again took charge of the Engl, school at Vizagapatam and 
of the Engl, congregation, continuing his literary labfJrs. Has since 
labored here. Has been the Convenor of th« Telugu Scripture Revision 
Committee and has had much to do with the Telugu translation of the 
Bible. Ad. Vizagapatam, Madras P. 

Hewlett, John. B. June 18, 1836, at Keynsham, Somerset. 
E. at Normal Col., Swansea and at Glasgow L^niv. Accepted by L. M. 
S. in 1859. Or. at Swansea, July 2, 1861. A. Feb. 2', 1862. S. 
Benares to Mar. 1863 ; Almora to Nov. 1866 ; Benares, 1867-68. H. 
1869-70 (B. A. London Univ.). Rt. in Mar. 1871. S. Benares until 
June; Mirzapur, June 1871 to Nov. 1878. H. 1879-80. (M. A.in 
classics, London L^niv.). Rt. 1881. S. Benares since ; Principal L. M. 
S. College. W. both Ver. and Engl. L. Joint founder and Editor of the 
Aryan several years : translated into Urdu Augustine's " Confessions," 
and into Hindi Thomas A Kempis' " Imitation of Christ:" has been 
a member of the Hindi N. T. R. Translation Com. since its commence- 
ment in 1882. xVd. Benares. 

Hill, Samuel John. A. in 1852. Labored at Calcutta until 
1854 : since at Berhampore. Ad. Berhampore, Bengal. 

HuTTON, David. A. 1865. Ad. Mirzapore, N. W. P. 

Insell, Thomas. B. Stratton, Eng. Or. in Lou. June 23, 1873. 
A. Dec 20, 1873. H. 1885. Ad. Mirzajmre, N. W. P. 

Jaganadlmm, Pulipala. Entered the Engl, school at Vizagapatam 
about 1840. Renounced Hinduism, and was baptized April 28, 1847 .■ 



London Missionary Society. 23 

Or. at Vizagapatam in 1858. Shortly afterwards was transferred to 
Chicacole. Has labored at Chicacble and (Ad.) Vizagapatam, Madras P. 

Johnson, William. A. in 1858. Has labored in connection with 
the Bhowanipore Inst, and Hastings church. Ad. Calcutta. 

Jones, W. Monk. A. 1882. S. Salem : and (Ad.) Coimhatore, 
Madras P. ■ \ j 

Joshua, J. Or. 1867. Ad. Nagercoil, Travancore. 

Joss, Walter. A. in 1860. S. Coimbatoor until 1876, when he was 
trans, to L. M. S. Inst at Madras. Ad. Madras. 

Kamalam, J. Or. 1867. Ad. Pareychahi/, 3Tadras P. 

Knowles, Joshua. Ar. 1880. Ad. Quilon,' Travancore. 

Lambert, J. A. Ar. 1865. Ad. RaniUiet, N. W. P. 

Lee, William. B. Tiverton. Devonshire, Eng. May 29, 1841. Or. 
Union Chapel, Islington, Lon. July 6, 1864. A. Dec. 28, 1864. S. Nager- 
coil, 1865-68, Trevandrum, 1868 : iN'eyoor, 1872. H. from 1875 to 
1877. W. Supt. of Press, Editor of " South Travancore Christian 
Messenger" (Tamil.) Ad. Nagercoil, Travancore. 

LeMare, Ebexezer. B. Manchester, Oct. 5, 1848. E. Owens and 
Lancashire Independent Colleges. Or. at Manchester, Oct. 2, 1873. A. 
Dec. 4, 1873. M. ^v. 24, 1875. S. Bellary. 1873-77 ; Belgaum, 
1877-80 ; since at Salem. W. Engl, and ver : mainly Educational : L. 
a lecture for educated natives entitled " John Stuart Mill ; His attitude 
towards Eeligion :" Addison and Co., Madras. H. from March 1882 
to Dec. 1883. Since in charge of High School and Engl. Church at 
Vizagapatam. Ad. TFaYto/r, Vizagapatam, J/ar/ras P. 

Lewis, Ed^vin. B. at Melbourne Port, Somersetshire, Eng., April 
10,1843. Or. July 4, 1865, at the same place. A. Dec. 18, 1865. S. 
Bellary until March 1873. H. March 1873 to Dec. 1874. S. Bellary. 
H. April 1884 to Dec. 1885. W. chiefly vernacular : had charge of Anglo- 
vernacular School f^r two years : 14 years a member of the Bible Society's 
Committee for revision of Telugu Bible. L. about a dozen original tracts 
in Canarese, Tract Depository, Bangalore. Ad. Bellary, Madras P. 

Macfarlane, George Hannah. B. in Glasgow, Jan, 1857. Or. 
in Glasgow, Nov. 6, 1881. A. Dec. 25, 1881. S. 1882-83, Principal, 
Mission High School, Vizagapatam ; 1883-84, in charge of Vizianagram 
Mission. Ad. Vizianagram, Madras P. 

Manasseh, B, Or. 1879. Ad. Kadamaleilcunnoo, Travancore. 

Masillamani, Christian. B. of the first Native Protestant family in 
Travancore, at Mylandy, in Oct. 1833. E. Nagercoil Sem. 1845-52. Or. 
Feb. 13, 1866, at Nagercoil, as pastor of Dennispuram, where he has 
since labored. L. a number of Tamil poems, handbills, and lyrics, pub- 
lished at Nagercoil and Madras. Since, July 1882, editor of the "Tamil 
Bible Banner," &c., &c. Ad. Dennispuram, Travanco:€. 

Mason, G. Or. 1864. Ad. Cuddapah, Madras P. 

Moses, V. Or. Aug. 1883. Ad. Trevandrum. 

Mateer, Samuel. Or. Aug. 10, 1858. A. Feb. 24, 1859. S. 
Pareychaley 1859-63, Trevandrum 1863 to present. H. from March 



30 Indian Missionary Directory. 

1868 to Jan. 1, 1872. L. " Land of Charity," a descriptive account of 
Travancore and its people : "Native Life in Travancore :" W. H. Allen 
and Co. ; Lessons in Botany and Sketches of Sermons (Tamil); *' Fifty- 
two Sketches of sermons ;" "A tract for prisoners ;" " a tract for coolies 
on coffee Estates ;" " Medical Hints for the pDor ;" (Malayalam). Editor 
of " Malayalam Christian Lyrics and Hymn-Book ;" Editor of " Balar 
Deepam" (magazine for children), and other school books and tracts. 
Ad. Trevandrum, Travancore. 

Moothoo, C. Converted about 1855, while a pupil in the L. M. S 
Inst. Madras, where he was E. for the ministry. Or. July 6, 1875. 
In charge of the Native Church at (x\.d.) Salem, Madras P. 

Nathaniel, J. Or, 1879. Ad. Sauthapuram, Madras P. 

Ne'vvport, Gborge Oliver. B. at Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire, 
March 2, 1840. E. at Cheshunt College. Or. July 30, 1862. M. : Ar. 
Dec. 24, 1862. S. Pareychaley, 1863-67 : Nagercoil, 1869-71 and 
1873-76 ; Salem, 1876-79, since, Madras. Work, both Engl, and Yer. 
Has edited some Tamil periodicals and contributed to Tamil magazines. 
H. from July 1871 to Dec. 1873. H. toEng. 1884. 

Nyanabranam, 31. Or. 1867. Ad. Neyoor, Travancore. 

Payne, James Edward. B. March 18, 1835, at the Lower Venn, 
Avenbury, Herefordshire. Or. at Bedford, Eng., Aug. 22, 1860. A. Dec. 
20,1860. Appointed to Bhowanipore. H. from Jan. 1869 to Dec. 
1870. M. June 2, 1870. Work mainly ver ; Bengali preaching, teaching, 
and editing Bengal Christian Literature for Tract and Bible Society. Ad. 
Bhowanipore, Calcutta. 

Parthasarady, C. Or. in 1867. Ad. Madras. 

Paul Gershom. B. in Salem District, Sept. 5, 1845. Or. 1883. Ad. 
Bellary, Madras P. 

Paul, Job. B. in 1840. E. in the Bangalore Seminary. Or. in 1871, 
as pastor of the Canarese Church at (Ad.) Bangalore. % 

Peerajee, Paul. B. atBelgaum in 1830. E. in Bangalore Seminary. 
Or. at Belgaum in 1862. Subsequently removed to Bangalore as pastor 
of the Tamil Church. Ad. Bangalore. 

Phillips, Maurice. B.* April 11, 1838, in thei^arishof Llanboidj', 
South Wales. O.atNarbeth, South Wales, in Aug. 1861. A. in 
Madras, Jan. 4, 1862. M.: Commenced the mission station at Tripatoor, 
and continued there until March 1873. H. to Mar. 1875. Had also 
charge of the Salem station from 1869 to 1873. Rt. in March 1875, 
and was appointed to Salem. W. Ver. Ad. Madras. 

Phillips, William Benjamin. B. Manchester, Sept. 8, 1848. 
0. Sept. 1875. A. Nov. 28, 1875. Ad. Berhampore, Bengal. 

Basalam, William G. Or. Dec. 10, 1885. Ad. Nellikatari, 
Travancore. 

Rice, Benjamin. B. in Lon. May 28, 1814. E. at Homerton, 
Col. Or. in London, July 27, 1836. A. at Madras, Dec. 29, 1836. 
S. Bangalore, from that time to the present ; H. but once, from Feb. 
1853 to Sept. 1856. M. Has been engaged in all branches of mis- 



London Missionaky Society. 31 

slonary work. Was one of the Revisors of the present Canarese version 
of the Bible ; and is th§ author or translator of a number of Canarese and 
English Tracts, School books, and works for the benefit of Native Christ- 
ians, published by the Bangalore Tract and Book Society : of which 
Society, and of the Bangalore Bible Society, he is Secretary. Is also 
Secretary of the South India District Committee of the L. M. S. Ad. 
'No. 1, Mission Road, Bangalore. 

Rice, Edward Peter. B. at Bangalore, April 2Q, 1849. Enter- 
ed Cheshunt College, Sept. 1868. Graduated with B. A., Lon. 
Univ. 1873. Or. in Lon. Nov. 4, 1873. Reached Madras, Dec. 13, 
1873. Appointed to Bangalore : engaged in the itinerating and evange- 
listic department. During 1877-78 in charge of English Institution, in 
1879 returned to itinerating work, L : A pamphlet in Engl, for educated 
Hindus, entitled : ''Jesus Christ, His Life, Character and Claims :" Ad. 
Bangalore. 

Robinson, William. B. Sheffield, Aug. 1, 1852. E. Rother- 
ham, Col. Or. Queen St. Chapel, Sheffield, Sept. 10, 1877. S. 
Vizagapatam, one year ; Coimbatore, 1879-80. Tripatore, July, 1880. 
M. March 25, 1880. W. Ver. Ad. Tripatore, Madras P. 

Rotti, John Mahantapjm. B. Hubli, 1833. Or. June 19, 1868. S. 
Belgaum. W. Pastoral, School and Preaching. Ad. Belgaum, Bombay P. 

Runganatham, C. Or. 1874. Ad. Bangalore. 

Samuel, Christian. B. in 1837, at Mangad, Quilon. Or. 1879. S. 
1879-83, pastor Zionpuram, since Quilon. L. Tamil "First Book;" 
"Peep of Day," Malayalam. Ad. Quilon, Travancore. 

Sandram, C. Or. 1883. Ad. Tripatore, Madras P. 

Sathianadhan, C. Or. 1879. Ad. Nagercoil, Travancore. 

Sathianadhan, Grupadhena. B. May 27, 1832, in Pareychaley Dist. 
Or. Aug. 27, 1880. W. pastoral. Ad. Amaravilai, Pareychaley, 
Travancore. 

Seileyam, Joseph. Or. July 10, 1878. Ad. Seyattankara, Trevandrum. 

Shiddalingappa, Paid. B. in 1835, at Byl Hougal. Called to 
the ministry in 1855 : Or. in 1868. Native pastor at (Ad.) Belgaum, 
Bombay P. 

Slater, Thomas Ebenezar. B. at Cheshunt, Bucks, April 10, 1840. 
Or. in Aug. 1866. A. at Calcutta in Dec. 1866, in connection with the 
Bhowanipore Inst., and also as Minister of Hastings' Chapel. In 1871 
took charge of the English Inst, at Madras. In 1875 appointed to 
special work among educated Hindus. H. 1870 and 1879. L. " God in 
Christ ;" " The Superhuman Origin of the Bible ;" " Rehgion and 
Morality ;" " Reasonable Faith ;" " The Christian Mediation" (Bangalore 
Tract and Book Society) : " God Revealed" (Addison & Co., Madras) : 
" The Philosophy of Missions" (James Clarke & Co., London) : "Keshab 
Chandra Sen and the Brahma Samaj," (C. K. S., Madras) : " Child Mar- 
riage and Enforced Widowhood" (Lawrence Asylum Press, Madras). 
Ad. Bangalore. 

Solomon^ V. Or. 1879. Ad. Agastispuram, Madras P, 



32 Indian Missionajiy Director^. 

Smith Joies. B. at Bicestor, Oxfordshire, Dec. 6, 1839. Called to 
the ministrV in 1861. Or. in July 1866, M. in 1866. A. Dec. 1866. 
Has labored since at Belgaum. W. principally educational, in Engl : some 
yer H. April 1877-79. Ad. Belgaum, Bombay P. 

Stephenson, William Wilton. B. Aug. 26, 1848, at Asklian, 
Westmorland. Or. Nc v. 7, 1876. A. Jan. U, 1877. S. Nandial till. 
1881, since Gooty. Ad. Gooty, Madras P. 

Taylor, Joseph Field. A. 1878. S. Calcutta, 1878-85 : since, (Ad.) 

Almorah, N.-W. P. w 7 -n 

Thomas, Morris. A. 1878. Ad. Vizagapatam, Madras P. 
ZJnmeyudian, V. Or. 1867. Ad. Coimhatore, Madras P. 
Walton, John Hewbns. B. at Woolwich, Kent, June 17, 18-41. 
Studied for the ministry, three years at Western Col., Plymouth, and one 
year at the Missionary Inst. Highgate, Lon. Or. Dec. 12, 1866. A. at 
Madras, Jan. 24, 1867. Appointed to Bangalore to take charge of the 
Anglo-Ver. schools. M. Dec. 28, 1867. Ad. Bangalore. 
Williams, M. Or. 1868. Ad. Gooty, Madras P. 
Yesudian, C. Ad. Titturilei, Travancore. 
Yaqub, P. Or. 1879. Ad. Derikodu, Trarancore. 
Zechariah, Samuel. B. June 21, 1823, near Colachel, South Tra van- 
core. E. at L. M. Seminary, Nagercoil. Or. Feb. 13, 1866, at ISTager- 
coil : has since labored as pastor of Neyoor Church. L. a Pamphlet in 
Tamil, "The Pioneer Missionary work of the Rev. Charles Mead." Ad. 
Neyoor. Trarancore. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 
Nathanael Forsyth. B. 1769. Sailed :\[ay 1798. A. at Calcutta, Dec 
1798. S. Chinsurah. D. in Calcutta in May 1816. 

William Tobias Ringeltaube. B. Dec. 16, 1770. .After joining the L. M. 
S sailed from Copenhagen, Apr. 20,' 1804. A. at Tranquebar, Dec. 5, 1804. 
S.Palamcottah, 1804-9, Oodagherry, 1809-12, Mayilady, 1812-16. In 1816 
on account of ill health left Travancore, when his connection wnth the 
Society ceased. 

George Cran. A. Dec. 5, 1804. In July 1805, in company with Mr. Des 
Granges proceeded to Vizagapatam where they founded a mission. D. at 
Chicacole, Jan. 6, 1809. 

Augustus Des Granges. B. .1780. A. Dec. 5, 1804, and with preceding 
went to Vizagapatam in 1805. D. at V. July 12, 1810. 

William Charles Loveless. A. June 24, 1805. Was appointed to Surut 
but landing at Madras, he proceeded no further. He became Master of the 
Male Asylum which position he held until 1812. In addition he preached 
to the English and other residents, and laboured most earnestly in the face 
of strong opposition. Resigned, June 4, 1824. 

John Taylor, M. D. Or. Oct.. 19, 1804. A. at Madras, June 24, 1805. 
Afterwards, accepting a Government post, his connection with the Society 
ceased. D. in Dec. 1821, at Shiraz, Persia. 

John Gordon. A. Sept. 9, 1809. Laboured at Vizagapatam ; and at 
Madras, where he died January 16, 1828. 



London Missionary Society. 33 

William Lee. A. Dec. 11, 1809. Labored at Vizagapatam^and Ganjam. 
His health failing, he was obliged to return to England in 1817. Died . 

John Hands. B. Dec. 5, 1780. A. in 1810. Laboured chiefly at Bellary : 
for some years also at Bangalore. Was one of the translators of the first 
version of the Canarese Bible. K. 1842. D. at Dublin, June 30, 1864. 

Jonathan Couch Brain. Or. Jan. 26, 1809. A. at Madras, Feb. 5, 

1810, at Rangoon, Mar. 23, 1810. D. at Eangoon, July 2, 1810. 

Edward Prichett. B. 1772, at Birmingham. Or. Jan. 26, 1809. A. 
at Rangoon, Mar. 23, 1810. On account of war removed to Calcutta, Jan. 

1811. S. Vizagapatam and Madras. D. at V. June 12, 1820. 

John Thompson. A. at Madras, Mar. 22, 1812. Ordered by Government to 
leave I., but before the order could be carried out, he D. at Madras, June 25, 
1812. 

Robert May. B. 1788. A. at Calcutta, Aug. 11, 1812. Succeeded Mr. 
Forsyth at Chinsurah in Feb. 1813. D. at Calcutta, Aug. 1818. 

William Fyvie. B. Sept. 15, 1788, at Metlila, Aberdeenshire. Or. 
Dec. 28, 1814. A. at Bombay, Aug. 9, 1815, and proceeded to Surat, where 
he laboured many years. In Jan. 1847, on the relinquishment of the Surat 
mission, R. to St. Helier, Jersey, where he D. in Feb. 1863. 

James Skinner. Or. and A. with Mr. Fyvie. Laboured at Surat and D. 
there Oct. 30, 1821. 

James Dawson. Or. Dec, 28, 1814. A. at Madras, Sept. 4, 1815. 
Labored at Vizagapatam, where he D. Aug. 14, 1832. 

Richard Knill. B. April 14, 1787, at Braunton, Devon. Or. at Leeds, 
Oct. 6, 1815. A. Aug. 26, 1816. S. Madras and Nagercoil. H. to Eng. June 
12, 1819. In 1820 w^as appointed pastorate of an Engl, church at St. 
Petersburg, where he laboured until Aug. 1833, when he R. to Lon. For 
eight years was engaged in deputation work ; from 1842-47 was pastor at 
Wotton-under-Edge ; in 1848 became pastor at Chester. D. at Chester, Jan. 
2, 1857. ( Vide " Life" by C. M. Birrell : Nisbet & Co., 1860.) 

William Reeve. B. 1794. Or. Feb.'°7, 1816. A. at Madras, Aug. 26, 1816, 
and at Bellary, Sept. 27. H. to Eng. Sept. 18, 1824. Rt. July 17, 1827. S. 
Bellary and Bangalore. Assisted in revision of Canarese Bible. Compiled 
two Canarese English Dictionaries. H. to Eng. Feb. 17, 1834. Connection 
with Society ceased, Nov. 23, 1835, D. . 

Samuel Render. B. 1787. Or. Feb. 21, 1816. A. at Madras, Aug. 26, 
1816. Connection with Society ceased June 22, 1818. 

Charles Mead, B. at Bristol Oct. 1, 1792. Or. Mar. 6, 1816. A. Aug 
26, 1816. S. Madras, 1816-17. Nagercoil, Jan. 1818 to .May, 1825, when 
he removed to Combaconum on account of his health and commenced a new 
station there. R. to Travancore in 1827, lived one year at Mandevcadoo, and 
removed to Neyoor in 1828. _ H. to Eng. Dec. 5, 1836, to April 5, ^838, when 
he Rt. to Neyoor. Connection with the Society dissolved in Dec. 1851, D. 
at Trevandrum, June 19, 1873. (Vide " The Pioneer Mission work of the Rer. 
Charles Mead," by the Rev. S. Zechariah, L. M. S. Press, Nagercoil.) 

Henry Townley. Or. Feb. 7, 1816, A. at Calcutta, Sept. 7, 1816, and 
with Mr. Keith commenced a station there. Removed to Chinsurah in Fel:*. 
1821. On account of wife's ill-health, R. to Eng. Dec. 1, 1822. D. Aug 9, 
1861. 

James Keith. Or. A. and laboured at Calcutta with Mr. Townlev. D. 
there Oct. 6, 1822. 

John David Pearson. B. in Lon. 1788. Or. Aug. 29, 1816. A. Mar. 
6, 1817. S. Chinsurah. H. to Eng. Apr. 8, 1824. Rt. June 20, 1826. D. 
at Calcutta, Nov. 8, 1831. 



34 Indian Missionary Directory. 

John Donaldson. B. 1793. Or. Aug. 27, 181G. A. Aug. 1817. S. 
Surat, D. at Bombay, Mar. 25, 1818. 

Jolm Harle. A European engaged in 1817 as an assistant at Chinsurah. 
In 1820 removed to Tallvgimge. 11. 1821. 

Cornelius Traveller. B. 1791. A. at Madras, in Jan. 1819. R. Sept. 
29, 1823, to Europe and settled in Jersey. 

Jolm Hampson. B. 1793. A. Feb. 8, 1819. S. Calcutta, where he D. 
Aug. 29, 1819. 

Samuel Trawin. B. 1794. A. at Calcutta, Feb. 8, 1819. Formed the 
station at Kidderpore in 1822. D. at Berhampore, Aug. 3, 1827. 

George Harvey Ashton. B. in India. Was engaged as an assistant 
in 1819 in TravancoVe. S. Quilon, Xeyoor, and Pareychalev. D. June 6, 1861 

Charles MauU. B. May 1, 1791. Or. Oct. 24, 1818. A. at Bombay, May 18, 
1819, at Nagercoil, Dec. 11, 1819. In 1827 was appointed in charge of East 
Travancore. Health failing, K. to Eng. in 1855. D.Oct. 17, 1858. 

George Gogerlev. B. in London, Nov. 10, 1794. A Sept. 13, 1819. 
S. Calcutta. Or. June 2, 1828. H. to Eng. 1835. Rt. Jan. 19, 1839. B. Nov. 
1841. D. in London, Feb. 11, 1877. L. " The Pioneers of the Bengal Mission." 
London : Snow and Co., 1871. 

Joseph Taylor. B. in India 1790. Or. at Madras, May 1819. In Sept. 1820 
commenced a new station at Belgaum, where he labom'ed many years. R. 
1855, and removed to Bombav, where he D. Nov. 19, 1859. 

Thomas Nicholson. B. 1795. Or. Mar. 31, 1819. A. at Madras, Sept. 16, 

1819. D. there Aug. 2, 1822. 

Mathew Thomson Adam. E. at Gosport. Or. Oct. 9, 1819. A. early in 

1820. M. Aug. 1820, went to Benares and commenced the mission there. On 
account of ill-health R. to Eng. in 1830. His connection with the Society 
subsequently ceased. 

Andrew Forbes. B. 1792. Or Aug. 18, 1819. A. at Madras, Feb. 16, 
1820, and at Bangalore in April 1820, wiiere, in connection with Mr. Laidler, 
he commenced the mission. R. 1821. 

Stephen Laidler. B. Oct. 12, 1789, at Wooler, Northumberland. Or. 
Aug. 18, 1819. A. Feb. 16, 1820. S. Bangalore. On account of wife's 
ill-health Ret. to Eng. in 1827. R. Sept. 24, 1827. D. Oct. 25,1873. 

George Mimdy. A. at Chinsurah in March 1820. Or. in Nov. 1825. H. 
to Eng. in 1S29. Rt. Nov. 7, 1832. S. Kidderpore, Chinsurah. H. to Eng. 
in 1844. Rt. to Calcutta in 1849.^ D. there Aug. 23, 1853. L. " Chris- 
tianity and Hinduism contrasted, " 2 vols. Serampore, 1834. 

John Smith. ,B. 1790. Or. Aug. 18, 1819. A. Feb. 16, 1820. Com- 
menced a station at Quilon March 6, 1821. H. to Eng. 1824. D. 1824. 

Edward Ray. In 1820 was received in Calcutta as an assistant. H. 
to England, where he was Or. March 15,1825. A. Oct. 3, 1825, S. Berham- 
pore, Calcutta, Kidderpore. On f:c:-ount of his wife's ill-health Ret. to Eng. 
in 1831. His connection with the Society ceased in 1832. He afterwards 
settled at Twickenhem. 

Hiram Chambers. B. 1792. Or. Aug. 2, 1820. A. March 20, 1821, S. 
Bellary 1823 ; Bangalore 1825. Being unable to bear the climate of India, 
he embarked for Eng. Jan. 6. 1826. On the following day, Jan. 7, D. 

William Hugh Bankhe;i<l.'B. 1799. E. at Hacknev College. Or. Dec. 
14,1820. A. Aug. 16, 1821, at Calcutta, where he D. Nov. 7, 1822. 

MicaiahHilL B. at Walsal. Or. July 18, 1821. A. at Calcutta, March 
5, 1822. Became editor of the Asiatic Observer. In 1824 removed to 
Berhampore, and commenced tliat station. H. to Eng. Dec. 25, 1838. Rt. to 
Berhampore, Oct. 1824. In Jan. 1847 removed to Calcutta. Early in 1849 set 



London Missionaey Society. 35 

out for Benares for the benefit of his health, but D. Feb 3, in a boat on the 
Ganges, a few miles from Benares. 

James Hill. B. Mav 17, 1795, at Stafford. Or. July 18, 1821. A. at 
Calcutta, March 5, 1822. Ret. to Eng. Dec. 9, 1833. R. Dec. 25, 183-4. D. Jan. 
12, 1870. 

Joseph Bradley Warden. B. 1799. Or. Julv 18, 1821. A. at Calcutta, 
March 5, 1822, where he D. Jan. 8, 1826. 

Samuel Flavel. An earnest Native preacher. Joined the Mission at 
Bangalore in 1821. Or. in 1822. Was appointed to Bellary in 1827, where he 
laboured until his death in 1847. 

Alexander Fyvie. Or. Sept. 28, 1821. A', at Bombav, April 2(3, 1822, at, 
Sm-at, :\raY 13. R. to Eng. Oct. 15, 1832. Rt. to Surat, Dec. 23, 1835, where 
he D. June 10, 18-10. 

William Howell. B. in I. Xov. 1790. Engaged about 1821, as assistant 
at Bellarv. Removed to Cuddapah in 1822, and commenced that station. Or 
Sept. 29," 1824. at Madras. R. in Sept. 1841. 

Edmund Crisp. B. June 26, 1799, at Hertford. Or. Oct. 3, 1821. A. 
March 26, 1822. S. Madras 1822-29, Combaconum, 1829-35. H. from 
Madras to Eng. Feb. 15, 1837. Rt. Sept. 1840. S. Bangalore in charge of 
Training Institution. H. to Eng. 1848, soon after R, D. London, Nov. 6, 1877. 

Thomas Brown. A. at Calcutta, May 24, 1822. Was directed to proceed 
to Bellary to carry on printing there. Died on his passage between Calcutta 
and IMadras. 

Wiiham Crow. B. about 1797. Or. July 11, 1822. A. July 12, 1823. S. 
Quilon. H. to Eng. March 29, 1826. His connection with the Society eventually 
ceased and he entered the pastorate. D. Xov. 27, 1872. 

John Emanuel Ninnno. B. in I. In 1823 engaged as assistant in ^Madras. 
In 1831 removed to Cliittoor, in June 1833 to Combaconun. Or. at Madras, 
March 1, 1837. Removed to Tripassore in Jan. 1852. R. June 8, 1857. 

James William Massie. B. Nov. 11, 1798, at Glasgow. Or. July 11, 
1822. A. at Madras, June 21, 1823. R. Sept 24, 1827. Afterwards became 
pastor at Dunfermline. 

William Campbell. B. 1799. Or. Aug. 13, 1823. A. June 27, 1824, 
S. Bangalore. H. Dec. 1835. After being engaged for a time in deputation 
work R. D. at London in 1878. L. " British India, " London : Snow, 1839. 

William Taylor. Or. Aug. 1823. A. at Madras, May 22, lb24. In 182 7 
took charge of Rm'sewakam. R. Nov. 14, 1834. 

George Walton. B. in I. Ed. at Bellary. Engaged in 1824 as assistant mis- 
sionary. Accej^ted as a missionary Oct. 10, 1831. S. Bellary and Salem. Or. 
at Bangalore, Dec. 23, 1832. D. at Salem, Jane 9, 1841. 

John Edmonds. B. at Poole 1798. Or. Poole, March 17, 1824. A. Nov. 
11, 1824. S. Chinsurah. His wife's health failing he R. to Eng. Sept. 23, 
1826, after wliich he took a Pastorate at Shelton, Statfordshire. D. March 21, 
1858, at St. Helen's, Lancashire. 

Thomas Salmon. B. 1800 at Thetford. A. at Surat, Oct. 30, 1825. H. 
to Eng. in 1833, after which he R. 

Charles Pitfard. B. 1798 at Pentonville, Lon. Or. May 2, 1825. A. at 
Calcutta, Oct. 3, 1825. S. Kidderpore. On account of wife's ill-health R. 
to Eng. Ma\ 3, 1830. Rt. in March 1831. H. to Eng. May 18, 1833. Rt. Dec. 
10, 1834, and labored at Calcutta, where he D. Dec. 11, 1840. 

William Beynon. B. Ihij 17, 1801, at Caermarthen. Or. March 
31, 1825. A. Sept. 14, 1825. S, Bellary, 1825-28. Belgaimi, 1828-70, 
when he R. to Eng. Rt. fox residence, Nov, 1871. J), at Belgaum, 
Feb, 5,1878, 



36 iOT)IAN MlSSIOKAHY iDlIlECTORY. 

Adam Lillle. B. Calton, Glasgow, June 18, 1803. Or. at London, March 
28, 1826. A. at Madras, Sept. 11, at Belgaum, Nov. 19, 1826. Soon 
afterwards serious illness compelled him to Ret. to Eng. Soon after his 
return his connection with the Society ceased. 

Bennington Haill Paine. B. 1805 at Ipswich. Appointed as a printer 
to Bellary. A. Sept. 11, 1826. In 1831 began to assist in vernacular work. 
R. to Eng. in 1839. Rt. Dec. 8, 1841. Labored at Bellary until his 
death, March 6, 1842. 

Isaac David. Born at Tanjore about 1794. His parents were staunch 
Papists. Or. at Bangalore in 1826. Labored at Salem, Trichinopoly, Banga- 
lore, Madras, and other places : was the means through God of numerous 
conversions. Of his twelve children, two of his sons were ministers, and 
all his daughters but one married clergymen of various Societies. He died 
at Madras, while actively engaged, April 15,1862. Native Christians of all 
denominations, throughout Southern India, in token of their esteem and love 
for him, erected a monument over his grave. 

James Robertson. B. in 1799. Or. June 14, 1826. A. Nov. 1826. S. 
Benares, where he D. June 15, 1833. 

Alphonse F. Lacroix. B. May 10, 1799, at Lignieres, Switzerland. Or. Aug. 

11. 1820. Appointed to Chinsurah by the Netherlands Missy. Socty.; A. Mar 

21.1821. Joined the L. M. S. Mar. 1, 1827. Labored at Chinsurah until 
April 1829, when he removed to Calcutta. R. to Eng. in Dec. 1841. Rt. Jan. 
9, 1844. Devoted himself chiefly to Ver. preaching and itinerating. Was 
invited to Ret. to Eng. in 1856* by the Society, but declined. Health failing, 
he visited North India and Ret. to Calcutta, where he D. July 8, 1859. {See 
" Memorials" by Joseph Mullens, D. D. Lon. : Nisbet and Co., 1862.) 

James Charles Thompson. B. Jan. 23, 1804. Or. Feb. 27, 1827. A. Aug. 
5, 1827. S. Quilon. H. 1844-46. D. at Quilon, May 18, 1850. 

William Miller. B. Dec. 1, 1804. Or. Feb. 8, 1827. A. Aug. 5, 1827. S. 
Nagercoil and Quilon. H. to the Cape 1834-36. Ret. to Nagercoil in 1836, and D. 
there April 24, 1838. 

William Bawn Addis. B. Sept. 17, 1800, near Bristol. A. Aug. 5,1827. 
Or. Aug. 13, 1828. In 1830 commenced a station at Coimbatoor. R. in 1861 
through failure of health to Coonoor, where he D. Feb. 18, 1871. 

Henry^ Crisp. B. July 14, 1803, at Hertford. Or. Mar. 20, 1827. A. at 
Madras July 17, 1827. Commenced the mission at Salem, Oct. 25, 1827. D. 
Oct. 28, 1831. 

Robert Jennings. B. Feb. 22,1797. Or. April 4, 1827. A. Madras, July 
17, and at Chittoor (wherehewas the first resident Missionarv,) Aug. 4, 1827, 
D. at Chittoor, June 1, 1831. 

John Smith. B. 1801 at New Windsor. Designated April 3, 1828. A. at 
Madras, Aug. 20, 1828. H. to Eng. Sept. 17, 1839. Rt. to Madras, Sept. 22, 1842. 
In March 1843 went to Vizagapatam : embarked May 15, in the " Favourite" 
to return to Madras, and is supposed to have been lost at sea with the vessel and 
all on board. L. "A Misionary's Appeal on behalf of Southern India, " 1841. 

John Adam. B. May 20, 1803, in Lon. Or. Mar. 26, 1828. A. Sept. 4, 
1828. S. Calcutta. D. at Kidderpore, April 21, 1831. 

John Reid. B. June 17, 1806, at Soho, Lon. Or. Aug. 18, 1829. A. at Madras, 
Jan. 25, 1830, and at Bellary, March 1. D. at Bellary, Jan. 8, 1841. {See 
"Memoir" by R. Ward law, D. D., Glasgow: Maclehose, 1845.) 

George Christie. B. New Mills Bauifshire, July 1802. Or. Jan. 13, 1830. 
A. Oct. 24, 1830. S. Calcutta. Being unable to bear the climate, he proceed- 
ed to Cape Town in 1832. He afterwards laboured in South Africa, D. at 
Cape Town, Nov, 24, 1870. 



London Missionary Society. 3? 

Thomas Kilpin Higgs. B. Dorchester, Sept. 1803. Or. Newport Pagnell, 
June 10, 1830. A. at Calcutta, Oct. 24 ; and at Chinsurah, Nov. 8, 1830. D at 
Calcutta, Dec. 3, 1832. 

Willam Harris. B. 1805 at Glasgow. Or. Sept. 8, 1830 A May 30, 
1831. H to Eng. Oct. 1832. D. Portsmouth, April 28, 1833. ' 

William Buyers. B. Dundee 1804. Or. Woolwich, Feb 16 1831. A. 
Oct. 9,1831. S. Benares. H. March 13, 1841, to 1843. Again H. 1845. Rt. to 
Benares at his own expense. ^ In Feb. 1859 he removed to Almorah and labored 
there till 1861. In 1863 resigned his connection with the Society. L. "Letters 
on India :" " Recollections of ^Northern India." Lon., Snow. 

John Bilderbeck. B. in 1809 in I. Was a Roman Catholic. Joined Black 
Town Con'l Church, Madras. Visited Eng. in 1831. Or. Dec. 22 1831. A. s,t 
Madras. May 1,1832. In 1833 removed to Chittoor. Resigned in 1841 and 
joined the C. M. Sojeiety. 

James Pater^on. B. July 1807. Or. Dec. 21,1831. A. in Calcutta, June 
8, 1832. Removed to Berhampore, July 1832. H. to Eng. Dec 21 1847 Rt 
Dec. 1850. Laboured at Calcutta. D. Dec. 10, 1854, on the Ganges, while 
on a missionary journey to Dacca. 

Orlando Thomas Dobbin. B. May 29, 1807, at Charlemont, Ireland. Or. Jan. 
6, 1832. A. at Calcutta, June 8, 1832. On account of ill-health, Ret. to Eng. 
Dec. 1832. R. May 18, 1833. He subsequently became pastor at Arundel, Sus- 




A. 

Lf 

May 9, 1856. {See " Memoir" by Jolin S. Wardlaw, ' Vizagapatam," "1857)7 

John Campbell. B. m 1804 in I. Ed. at Homerton Col. Or. Dec. 20, 1832. A. 
at Calcutta, July 6, 1833. S. Kidderpore. R. in April 1846 to Eno- 

Charles Miller. B. 1805 at Forfar. Or. May 29, 1833. A.Oct. 5, 1833. S. 
Neyoor 1833-37, Nagercoil, 1837-40. D. at Poonamallee, Sept. 9, 1841. 

Robert Cotton Mather, L.L. D. B. Nov. 8, 1808, at New Windsor, Man- 
chester. E. at Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Homerton Col. Or. June 10 1833 
A. at Calcutta, Nov. 15, 1833, at Benares, Sept. 7, 1834. In May 1838 
removed to Mirzapore, where he commenced a new station. H. to Eng. at 
the close of 1844. Rt. Nov. 26, 1846, and resumed his work at Mirzapore. 
H. to Eng. in 1857. While in Eng. revised and carried through the press 
the Urdu Bible ; also diglot New Test. (Eng. and Urdu). R. to Mirzapore, 
Feb. 7, 1861. In 1869 completed new edition of Roman-Urdu Bible, and 
commenced an edition in Urdu-Arabic with references. H. to Eng. 
in 1873. While in Eng. carried through the press a Hindustani version 
of N. T. portion of Annotated Paragraph Bible, and, subsequently, 0. T. 
portion of the same. R. m 1875. D. at Finchlav, near Lon, April 21, 1877. 

John Adam Shurman. B. 1810 in Westphalia. Or. June 10, 1833. A. Nov. 
15, 1833. S. Benares. Devoted himself to the Educational and Scripture 
Translation department. Did much in preparing Urdu and Hindustani versions 
of the Scriptures. In April, 1842, went to Calcutta to superintend the 
printing of the Urdu version of 0. T. Ret. to Benares in June, 1843. In Oct. 
1843 Ret. to Eng. Rt. via New York, Feb. 20, 1846. Labored at Benares, 
until his death, Oct. 1, 1852. 

George Welsh. B. 1803, at New Cunnock, appointed to Bangalore. Or, 
A. at Madras, Sept. 1834, and D. there Oct. 21, 1834. 

Thomas Boaz, LL.D. B. Aug. 10, 1806, at Scarborough. Or. June 18, 
1834. A. at Calcutta, Dec. 10, 1834. Was pastor of Union Chapel. H. to 
En^. ia 1§47. Rt. Jan. 7, 1850. On account of iU-health Bet, to Eng. in Dec, 



^8 Indian Missionary Directory. 

1858. R. July 4, 1860. D. in Lon. Oct. 13, 1861. (See " The Missionary Pastor ; 
Memorials of Rev. T. Boaz, LL.D." Lon. : Snow, 1802). 

James William Gordon. (Son of the Rev. J. Gordon.) B. at Vizagapatam 
in 1811. Or. Sept. 3, 1834, at Exeter. A. Feb. 4, 1835. S. Vizagapatam. 
H. toEng. Dec. 12, 1839. Ret. to Vizagapatam, Dec. 28, 1842. In July, 
1844, removed to Chicacole. Ret. to Vizagapatam in July, 1845. H. to 
Neilghery Hills, 1871-72. R. in 1875. 

EdAvard Porter. B. July 12, 1810. Or. May 19, 1835. A. Sept. 3, 1835^ 
Labored at Vizagapatam until 1844, at Cuddapah till 1846, when he Ret. to* 
Eng. for two years. Rt. and labored at Cuddapah from 1848 to 1867, when he 
R. to Eng. D.\it Bournemouth, June 24, 1882. . 

Colin Campbell. B. Dec. 23, 1810, at Paislev. Or. April 10, 1835. A. 
at ^Madras, Sept. 3, 1835. S. Bangalore. 1835-40, Mvsore, 1840-50, Bangalore, 
1850-61, Salem, 1861-62. Ret. to Eng. in 1862. Rt. June 4, 1864. R. to Eng. 
in 1875. 

Gilbert TurnbulL B. in 1811 in the Lie of Wight. Or. Aug. 4, 1836. 
z'l.. Dec. 29, 1836. S. Bangalore. Health failing, he went to Australia in 
1838. D. near Sydney, March 19, 1839. 

William Tliomson. B. May 23,1811, at Leith, Lancashire. Or. Aug. 
15, 1836. A. Dec. 29, 1836. S. Bellary. H. to Eng. March, 1840— Jan. 1841. 
S. Bellary. In Aug. 1844 proceeded to Madras, to superintend the prepara- 
tion of new Canarese type. Ret. to Bellary in Jan. 1845. Ret. to Eng. in 
1849, on account of his wife's ill-health. Having accepted the pastorate at 
Cape Town, his connection as a missionary with the Society ceased. Arrived 
at Cape Town, June 24, 1850, served as Agent and General Treasurer for the 
South African Missions. 

James Bradbury. B. SqDt. 22, 1805, at Mayfield, Staffordshire. Or. Sept. 
7, 1836. A. at Calcutta, I'eb. 8, 1837. Li 1842 removed to Chinsurah, in 
July 1849 to Berhampore. Ret. to. Eng. in 1870. R. in 1872. 

John Shrieves. B. 1802 in India. S. Bellary, 1836-47, where he was 
Or. Jan. 29, 18 45. In 1847-49 Cuddapah, 1849-55, Bellar}^ D. Feb. 9, 
1857. 

J. A. Regel. B. in I. Appointed assistant missionary at Pulicat, near 
Madras, in July, 1836. In 1839 removed to Bangalore. Or. at Bangalore, 
April 10, 1840. R. Dec. 11, 1843. 

William Penman Lyon. B. Dec. 28, 1812, at Glasgow. Or. July 7, 
1837. A. Dec. 12, 1837. S. Benares. On account of wife's ill-health Ret. 
to Eng. in 1840, when his connection with the Society ceased. Subsequently 
became pastor at Albany Chapel, Regents Park, London. 

Thomas L. Lessel. B. Apr. 23, 1837, at Aberdeen. Or. Aug. 1, 1837. A. 
at Calcutta, Dec. 12, 1837. In Dec. 1838 removed to Berhampore. H. to 
Eng. May 20, 1852. Rt. to Calcutta, Dec. 14, 1861. R. 1868, and in 1870 
Ret. to Eng- D. 1884. 

Robert Caldwell. B. May 7, 1814, near Belfast. Or. July 7, 1837. A. 
Jan. 7. 1838. S. Madras. On his joining the Gospel Propagation Society, he 
resigned his connection with the L. M. S. June 28, 1841. In 1842 he com- 
menced a station under the Gospel Propagation Society at Edeyengoody 
Tinnevellv. 

James T. Pattison. B. 1811 in London. Or. Oct. 4, 1837. A. Mar. 31, 
3838. S. Quilon and Nagercoil. Connection dissolved June, 1844. 

John Abbs. B. Dec. 20, 1810. Or. Aug. 23, 1837. A. at Neyoor, April 
20, 1838. In 1845 removed to Pareychaley. In 1859 Ret. to Eng. R. in 
1861. L. " Twenty-two years' Missionary experience in Travancore." Lon ; 
Snow and Co., 1870. 



LoNDOK Missionary Society. 39 

John Cox. B. 1811 at Painswick, Gloucestershire. Or. July 27, 1837. 
A. Mar. 31, 1838. In April 1838 commenced a station at Trevandrum. 
R. in Aug. 1861. 

James Russell. B. May 18, 180G, at Glasgow. V^as pastor at Rendall, 
Orkney. A. Mar. 31, 1838. S. Xagercoil, 1838-40. In 1840 formed a new 
station at James Town. H. to Australia, June, 1856, to May, 1857. R. 
in 1860 to England. 

Archibald Ramsay. B. 1806 in London. A. March 31, 1838, and 
proceeded to Xagercoil," where he commenced a Medical mission. Afterwards 
removed to Xevoor. Connection dissolved, June 30, 1842. 

William Morton. Engaged in Calcutta about 1838. In 1810 Ret. to 
Eng. Rt. to Calcutta in 1842. On account of ill-health R. to Eng. in 1845. , 

James Sewell. B. Nov. 7, 1809, at Thealbv, Lincolnshire. Or. Feb. 22, 
1838. A. at Madras, July 28, 1838. S. Bangalore. Ret. to Eng. in 1845. 
Rt. to Bangalore in 1849. R. to Eng. in Aug. 1864. 

John Lumb. B. 1809 atOtlev, Yorkshire. Or. Aug. 2, 1838. A. Dec. 
1838. S. Madras. After sis months his health failed ; Ret. to Eng. in 1839, 
when his connection with the Societv ceased. 

J. H. Edward Van Roer. B. 18u6 at Brunswick. Or. Sept. 6, 1838. A. 
at Calcutta, Jan. 19, 1839. His connection with the Society was dissolved 
in June, 1841. 

Ferdinand Van Sommer. B. 1803 at Covendon, Holland. Or. Sept. 6, 
1838. A. at Calcutta, Jan. 19, 1839. Soon after left I. Connection dissolved 
in May, 1841. 

James Kennedy. B. IMav 11, 1815, at Aberfeldy, Perthshire. Or. Aug. 
1, 1838. A. at Calcutta, Jan." 19, 1839, and at Benares, March 31. H. to Eng. 
at the close of 1849. Rt. Feb. 24, 1854. Health failing Ret. to Eng. in 1862. 
Rt. Jan. 4, 1866, visited Almorah in 1867-68, and formed a new Station at 
Ranikhet, April 30, 1869. H. to Eng. in 1877, R. in 1877. L. " Essays 
on Fundamental Questions, " Mirzapore, 1874 ; and other works. Has 
pastoral charge at Portobello, Scotland. 

Henry Bower. B. in India. Was engaged in 1838 as an assistant Mis- 
sionary in the Madras Mission and appointed to Tripassore. In 1841 he 
joined the Gospel Propagation Society. 

William Dawson. B. Jan. 16, 1816, at Vizagapatam. Vv'as engaged in 1838 
as assistant Missionary at Cuddapah. In 1840 removed to Chicacole. Or. in 
1843. In June 1852 removed to Vizianagram. To Eng. in 1857. Rt. early 
in 1859. Laboured at Vizianagram. In 1875 left I. for Eng., but D. on the 
voyage. May 5. 

Rudolp'he DeRodt. B. in Switzerland. Went to I. in 1835, and in Jan. 
1838 joined L. M. S. Labored at Calcutta, where he D. Aug. 29, 1843. 

John Micliael Lechler. B. in 1804 in Germany. Having resigned his 
connection with the C. M. S., joined the L. M. S. in 1839. S. Coimbatoor and 
Salem. H. to Eng. in 1854. Rt. to Salem in July, 1855. D. at Salem 
June 17, 1861. 

William Flower. B. Aug. 16, 1811, at Botley, Hants. Or. Feb. 6, 1839. A. 
at Bombay, Aug. 2, and at Surat, Sept. 1839. In 1844 joined Mr. Clarkson 
in commencing a new station at Baroda, Guzerat. On account of ill-health 
Ret. to Eng. 1846. D. at Titchfield, Feb. 3, 1847. 

William Clarkson. B. 1817 at Sahsbury. A. Jan. 30, 1839. A. at Surat, 
Dec. 15, 1839. In Nov. 1844 removed to Baroda, afterwards to Mahi tvantha. 
H. to Eng. in 1848. Rt. in 1851. Ret. to Eng. in 1854, subsequently became 
pastor at Folkestone. L. " India and the Gospel ;" " Missionary En- 
couragements in India ;*' " Christ and Missions." Lon. : Snow and Co. 



40 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Ebenezer Lewis. B. Oct. 4, 1812, near Aberystwith. Or. July 9, 1839. 
A. Jan. 7, 1840. S. Coimbatoor, 1840-43, Madras, 1843-46, Nagercoil, 
1846-55 (formed a new station at Santhapuram). H. to Eng. in Aug. 1855. 
Rt. in 1857. Labored in Travancore, chiefly occupied in revision of N. T. in 
Tamil. Health failing, Ret. to Eng. in 1862. R. in 1867. D. at Buckhurst 
Hill, Essex, Nov. 30, 1873. 

Alexander Leitch. B. Feb. 27, 1816, at Edinburgh. Or. June 12, 1839. A. 
at Madras, Jan. 7, and at Chittoor, Feb. 7, 1840. In 1842 removed to Madras. 
In 1847 health having failed, R. to Eng. D. IVIar. 1885. 

Richard Daniel Johnston. B. Feb. 14, 1815, in L Engaged in 1839 as 
Assistant at Vizagapatam. Or. in 1843. In 1855 commenced a station at Nundial. 
In 1870 visited Eng. Rt. Nov. 11, 1871. R. 1878. 

William Glen, M. R. C. S. B. Annan, Dumfriesshire, Oct. 2, 1811. Or. Dec. 

23, 1839.; A. June 1841. S. Mirzapore. His connection was dissolved by a 
Board Resolution of March 26, 1844. But Oct. 30, 1848, he was again ap- 
pointed as an Assistant Missionary at Mirzapore. He resigned his connection 
with the Society in Feb. 1854. 

WiUiam Porter. B. Nov. 10, 1811, at Sherborne. Or. May 28, 1840. 
A. at Madras, Sept. 15, 1840. S. Madras. H. to Eng. in July 1855. R. June 

24, 1857. Undertook a boarding school At Hastings. 

David Gilkinson Watt. B. in 1817 at Irvine, N. B. Or. June 9, 1840. 
A. June 2, 1841. S. Benares. H. to Eng. in 1844. Rt. Dec. 1846. S. Benares. 
His health having failed. Ret. to Eng. in 1848, and R. soon afterwards ; 
took a pastorate at Norwich, Cheshire. 

John Smith Wardlaw, D. D. B. July 25, 1813, at Glasgow. Or. July 14, 

1841. A. at Madras, Sept. 22, and at Bellary, Oct. 28, 1842. H. to Eng. in 
1845. Rt. to Bellary in Oct. 1846. Had charge of the Wardlaw Inst, (open- 
ed Aug. 28, 1846,) and assisted in Scripture translation. H. to the Cape, 
1853-54. In 1856 removed to Vizagapatam to co-operate witli Mr. Hay in 
revision of Telugu Scriptures. H. to Eng. in 1859. In 1861 was appointed 
President of the Highgate Inst, and conducted it until 1871, when it was 
closed. D. Oct. 9, 1872, at St. John's Wood. L. "Memoir of Rev. W. H. 
Drew," Vizagapatam, 1857. 

John Owen Whitehouse. B. April 23, 1815, at Dorking. Or. June 8, 

1842. A. Sept. 22, 1842. S. Nagercoil, in charge of the Seminary, 
and in 1855 of the Printing Press and District. In 1856 the charge of the 
eastern half of the Santliapuram District rested on him, and also the overs'ght 
of the James Town District. H. to Eng. Jan 22, 1857. As his wife's 
health did not permit her return to India, his connection with the Society 
ceased, June 30, 1861. From June 1867 to April 1875 assisted in revision 
of the system carried on in the Foreign Department of the Society, discharg- 
ing at various times, in 1870 and in 1873-74, the duties of the Foreign 
Secretariat. 

Matthew William Wollaston. B. Aug. 1802 at Calcutta. Had held 
a situation in the Government College at Agra, which he relinquished on 
conscientious grounds. Was engaged in the Mirzapore Mission in 1843, and 
in Jan. 1844 was appointed Supdt. of schools there. Or. in Nov. 1844. Visit- 
ed Eng. in 1847. Rt. in 1848 and labored at Mirzapore until his death, June 
10, 1851. L. " Grammar for the use of natives in India ; " " Sanskrit 
Grammar." 

Joseph Mullens, D. D. B. Sept. 2, 1820. Or. Sept 5, 1843. A. in Calcutta, 
Jan. 9, 1844. Labored in the L. M. S. Inst, and also in ver. preaching. 
H. to Eng. in April, 1858. Rt. Dec. 20, 1860. In May, 1865, was 
invited by the Directors to assist Dr. Tidman in the Foreign Secre- 



London Missionary Society. 41 

taryship. Ret to Eng. by way of South India and China, visiting 
the stations of the Society. A. in Eng. April 22, 1867. On the death of Dr. 
Tidman, March 8, 1868, he became sole Foreign Secretary. In 1870 visited 
Canada, and in 1873-74 Madagascar (Deputation Work). While on a similar 
journey to Ujiji in Africa, he D. July 10, 1879, near Mpwapara, Africa. 
L. "Missions in South India," 1854. "Results of Missionary Labor," 1856. 
"Memorials of the Rev. A. F, Lacroix," 1862. "Ten years Missionary Labor 
in India," 1863. "London and Calcutta," 1868. "Twelve months in Madagas- 
car," 1875. "Statistical Tables of Missions in India," and other works. 

John Henry Parker. B. Nov. 14, 1816, at Hackney. Or. Sept. 7, 1843. A. 
Jan. 9, 1844. S. Calcutta, laboring in L. M. S. Inst, and in ver. preaching. H. 
to Eng. in Dec. 1852. Rt. Aug. 2, 1856. Resumed work in L. M. S.' 
Inst, and at Coolie Bazar Chapel. D. at Calcutta Sept. 9, 1858. 

Julius F. Ullmann. A German Missionary wiio had labored some years in 
India. Educational work at Benares, from Aug. 1844 to 1847, when he 
resigned. 

John Sugden. B. 1821 at Woodsome Lees, near Huddersfield. Or. March 
20,1845. A.- Aug. 2, 1845. S. Bangalore. Laboi-ed in the Tamil department 
of the Mission and Seminary. R. to Eng. in 1852. His connection with the 
Society soon afterwards ceased, and he took a pastorate at Lancaster. Kow 
Bishop of the Reformed Church of England. 

Joseph Van Someren Taylor. B. July 3, 1820, at Bellary, I. Or. July 
15, 1845, at Bermondsay. A. at Bombay 28, 1845, and at Baroda in Nov. 
1846. In 1847 removed to Mahi Kantha. H. to Eng. in 1856. In 1859 joined 
the Irish Presbyterian Mission. D. June, 1881. 

T. Artope. A German. Was engaged as an Assistant at Mirzapore 
in 1845. R. to Europe in 1854, when his connection with the Society ceased. 
C. Droese. A German. Had labored in I. under another Missionary So- 
ciety. Was engaged in I. Sept. 28, 1846, as Assistant Missionary in the 
Benares Mission. His connection with the S. ceased in 1847, when he Ret. 
to the scene of his former labours. 

Edward Storrow. B. Nov. 1818 at Darlington. Or. Dec. 16, 1847. 
A. at Calcutta, March 6, 1848. Labored in L. M. S. Inst, and in ver. 
preaching. H. to Eng. Jan. 1858 to Sept. 1859. Served as pastor of 
Union Chapel, 1859-66. Health failing. Ret. to Eng. in Jan. 1866. R. in 1868. 
Subsequently labored at Rugby and at Brighton. L. " The Eastern Lily Gather- 
ed," Watson's " Apology for the Bible," " India and Christian Missions," 
1859. 

Enoch Paul. Convei'ted from heathenism about 1833. Or.; 1^48. S. Bellary 
and Bangalore. D. at Bangalore in 1856. 

William Henry Hill. B. June 3, 1822, at Calcutta (Son of Rev. M. Hill). 
Or. Jan. 6, 1848, at Plyniouth. A.March 6, 1848. Labored in L. M. S. 
Inst, and ver. preaching and itinerating. In Jan. 1860 proceeded to the Cape for 
the benefit of his health, thence to Eng. in Jan. 1861. In 1863 his health not 
having sufficientlv improved he R. Settled at Faversham, Kent. 

Carl Buch, Ph.D. B. Jan. 29, 1819, at Maaster, Westphalia. Or. April 
24, 1849. A. at Madras, Sept. 23, and at Calcutta, Oct. 13, 1849. Labored 
in L. M. S. Inst. In Oct. 1850 resigned his connection with the Society, 
and soon after was appointed Principal of the Government College at 
Bareilly, where, in the Mutiny, he was shot on June 1, 1857. 

J. G. Stanger. Was previously connected with the Basel Miss. Socy. In 
■ June 1850 was engaged as Assistant Missionary at Bellary. Work, preach- 
ing and itinerating. R. in 1855. 

Charles James Addis. B. in Travancore. (Son of Rev. W. B. Addis.) 



42 Ikdian Missionary Directory. 

In Oct. 185t) was appointed Assistant Missionary at Cgimbatoor. On account 
of ill-healtb R. in 1861 to Coonoor. 

Frederick Baylis. B. Nov, 18, 1825, at Rodborough, Gloucestersmre. Or. 
Aug. 29, 1850, at Soutbampton. A. Dec. 20, 1850. S. Madras, 1851-54, 
Neyoor, 1854-72. L. Numerous-works in Tamil ; for 'several years was joint, 
and afterwards, sole editor of tbe illustrated Tamil Magazine, " DesopaJcari" 
H. to Eng. Marcb 1872 to Nov. 1874. D. at Moottam, near Neyoor, May, 
1877. 

Alfred Corbold. B. May 7, 1821, at Ipswicb. Or. Aug. 7, 1850. A. at 
Bombay, Jan. 9, 1851. S. Mabi Kantba and Borsad until 1860. H. to Eng. in 
June, 1860. Et. Jan. 31, 1862. S. Madras. Healtb failing. Ret. to Eng. 
Marcb 1, 1870. Rt. Jan. 4,'l873. S. Madras. Healtb again failing, R. to Eng. 
in 1875. D. at Bedfored, Sept. 1877. 

Cbarles Calder Leitcb. (M. R. C. S. Ed.) B. Oct. 31, 1822, at Edinburgb. 
Appointed as Medical Missionary at Neyoor. Or. Sept. 4, 1851. A. at Madras, 
Dec. 17, 1851, at Neyoor in Feb. 1853. Drowned at Mootam on seacoast, 
wbiie batbing, Aug. 25, 1854. (See " Memoir," by tbe Rev. D. Smitb, D. D. 
Edinburgb, 1856.) 

Riciiard Jobn Sargent. B. Nov. 19, 1822, at Plymoutb. Or. Sept. 11, 1851. 
A. Dec. 17, 1851. S. Bangalore. In 1857 removed to Madras and took cbarge 
of tbe Tamil cburcb, etc. Ret. to Eng. on account of wife's ill-bealtb in 
1861. Plis connection witbtbe Society ceased in Sept. 1863, wben be became 
Pastor at Bellericav, Essex. 

Edward Josiah Evans. B. June 30, 1826, in Lon. Or. Aug. 28', 1851. A. 
at Belgaura, Dec. 22, 1851. In April 1852 proceeded to Mirzapore, in Aug. 
1856 to Madras. Ret. to Eng. in 1860. R. in 1863. Settled at Poyle, Mid- 
dlesex. 

Pbilip Ludwig Mens Valett. Had been connected with tbe Dresden Missy. 
Socy. In 1852 joined tbe L. M. S. and was appointed to Bellary. A . Feb. 
10, 1853. In 1857 was transferred to Cbicacole. R. to Eng. in 1859. 

Mattbew Atmore Sberring. B. Sept. 26, 1826, at Halstead, Essex. Ed. at 
Univ. Col. Lon. and Coward Col. Or. Dec. 7,1852. A. at Benares; Feb. 12, 1853. 
In Nov. 1856 removed to Mirzapore. R. to Benares in 1861. In 1866 Ret. by 
way of America to Eng. Rt. Feb. 6, 1869. S. Benares. H. to Eng. in 1876. Rt. 
and labored at Benares, wbere be D. Aug. 10, 1880. L. " The Indian Cburcb 
during tbe Rebellion." Lon. Nisbet, 1859. " The Sacred City of tbe Hindus." 
Lon. Trubner and Co., 1868. " The Tribes and Castes of India, as represented 
in Benares." Lon. Trubner and Co. 1872. " Tbe History of Protestant Missions 
in India." Lon. Trubner and Co. 1875. 

George Hall. B. Sept. 27, 1825, at Edinburgh. Or. April 7, 1851. La- 
bored in Jamaica 1851-53. Ret. to Eng. 1853. A. at Madras, April 5, 1854, 
where he took cbarge of L. M. S. Inst. H. to Eng. July 6, 1863. Rt. in Oct. 
1865. On account of wife's death Ret. to Eng. May 12, 1871. Rt. 
to Madras in 1872. H. to Eng. in 1876. R. 1879. 

C. E. Thompson. B. in I. Engaged in I, as assistant Missionary at 
Cbicacole. In 1853 removed to Vizianagram, 1861 to Vizagapatam, in 1868 
to Cbicacole. R. in 1877. 

Theodore Gottlieb Kubler. Ed. at Basle. Or. March 4, 1855, in Lon. A. in. 
1855. S. Salem and Madras. In Oct 1857, on account of ill-health. Ret. to Eng. 
R. in 1858. 

John Joll Dennis. B. Feb. 14, 1830, at Morice Town, near Plymouth. 
Or. Oct. 4, 1855. A. Feb. 12, 1856. S. Nagercoil. On account of his wife's 
ill-health Ret. to Eng. in 1862. Rt. Aug. 18, 1863, proceeded to Nagercoil, 
where he D. Nov. 15, 1864. 



London Missionary Societ-?. 43 

John Macartney. B, May 1828 at Castle Douglas, N. B. Or . Jan. 
7, 1857. A. July 1857 at Bellary, where he took charge of the Wardlaw 
Institution. In Nov. 1863 resigned his connection with the Society. 

WiUiam Jones. B. 1833 at Llanwrin, Montgomeryshire. Or. Sirhowy, Feb. 
10, 1858. A. Calcutta, April 9, 1858. In Feb. 1859 he was transferred to the 
Mirzapore Mission. Labored at Benares and Mirzapore. In Dec, 1863 left 
Benares to establish a Mission in tlie District of Singrowli, south of Mirza- 
pore and settled at Duddhi. H. 1867. Rt. Jan. 1869. D. at Duddhi, April 
25, 1870. 

William Moody Blake. B. Madras, Aug. 1828. Or. Jan. 1858. A. 1858, 
S. Calcutta, 1860; Benares, 1861-68. Eet. to Eng. in 1870, and R. in Oct. 
1871. Subsequently settled at St Peter's Port, Guernsey. 

Samuel Jones. B. June 13, 1830, at Warrington!^ Or. Nov. 3, 1858. A. 
1859. S. Coimbatoor. H. to Eng. in 1867. Rt. in March,' 1871. S. Nagercoil. 
H. to Eng. in 1877. D. in Lon. May 29, 1877. 

John Crichton Dick. B. Edinburgh, April 27, 1834. Or. Feb. 16, 1859. 
Sailed March 7, 1859. D. on his passage out, June 27, 1859. 

Frederick Wilkinson. B. Nov. 1, 1832, in the Island of Trinidad, West 
Indies. Studied for the ministry at the Theol. Sem. Bedford, where he was 
Or. and appointed to India, Sept. 16, 1859. A. January 1860 and was appoint- 
ed to James Town, Travancore, M. in July 1861. Was transferred in 1862 
to Santhapuram. In 1866 removed to Quilon. H. 1872. R. to Quilon 
in Dec. 1873 ; Madras in Dec. 1876. H. to Eng. Rt. March, 1881. R. 1884. 
George Shrewsbury. B. May 6, 1833, at Hythe, Kent. Or. Aug. 
23, 1860. A. Dec. 20, 1860. S. Berhampore. His health not 
improving. Ret. to Eng. 1868. His connection with the Society ceased in 1870, 
when he became pastor at Ingress Vale, Greenhithe, Kent. 

James Frank Gannaway. B. 1838 at Wartlington, Hants. Or. July 10, 
1861. A. in Nov. 1861. S. James Town. His wife's health failing, left I. in 
Aug. 1864 for Eng. In 1865 R. and in 1866 became pastor at Wotton-under- 
edge, Gloucestershire. 

John Lowe (M. R. C. S., Ed.).B. Mar. 2, 1835, at Banchory, Aberdeenshire. 
Appointed Medical Missionary at Neyoor. Or. July 1, 1861. A. at Neyoor 
Nov. 21, 1861. In 1868, on account of Avife's ill-health. Ret. to Eng. Resigned 
Mar._ 13, 1871, and became Supdt. of Training Inst. Edinbm-gh Medical 
Mission. 

S. R. Asbury. B. Feb. 1833 at Hanley, Staffordshire. E. at Andover Theol. 
Sem. (U. S. A.) and Univ. Col.Lon. Or. July 30, 1861. A. Jan. 3, 1862, at 
Mirzapore. R. to Eng. in 1864. 

Frederick J. Bright. B. in Essex, Dec. 24, 1832. Or. June 6, 1861. 
A. Jan 3, 1862. S. Mirzapore. In 1864 Ret. to Eng. when his connection 
with the Society ceased. 

Goodeve Mabbs. B. 1835 at London. Or. Aug. 13, 1861. A. Jan. 1862. S. 
Salem, 1862-65, Nagercoil, 1866. Res. Jan. 19, 1867, and R. Sept. 23, 1868. 
Subsequently became pastor at Holy, Moorside. 

WilHam Edward Morris. B. Aug. 3, 1855, at Llanfyllan, ]\rontgoniery- 
shire. Or. Aug. 14, 1861. A. ai Coimbatoor in Jan. 1862. EstabHshed a Mis- 
sion at Tirupoor, Apr. 9, 1863. Removed to Salem in Nov. 1865. Health having 
failed, Ret. to Eng. April 9, 1869. R. Apr. 30, 1872. Settled at Market Hai^ 
borough. 

Alexander Thomson. B. in 1834. Or. July 1, 1861. A. at Cuddapah 
in Jan. 1862. D. at Bellary, Sept. 6, 1862. 

Edward Allport Wareham. B. March 1838 at Hampton Wick, Middle- 
ex. Or, June 23, 18G4, A. Nov. 18G4. S, Be%aum. Suiferin^ from sun- 



ii Indian Missignaby DiREOTOBf . 

stroke, H. to Eng. in 1878. R. in 1872, and was appointed District Ageftt 
for Scotland and Ireland. 

Thomas Haslam. B. Oct. 17, 1839, at Egerton, near Bolton. Or. Sept. 

1, 1864. A. 1864. In April 1865 opened a Mission at Pullachy, in the 
Coimbatoor District. At the close of 1866 removed to Coimbatoor, where 
he labored until his death, June 13, 1869. 

William G-. Mawbey. B. 1840 at Northampton. Or. July 5, 1864. A. 1865. 
S. Cuddapah. H. to Eng. in 1876. Afterwards to China. R. 1844. 

David Meadowcroft. B. Feb. 1838 at Manchester. Or. July 4, 1864. A. 
in Dec. 1864. S. Madras. His wife's health having failed, Ret. to Eng. Feb. 

2, 1867, and R. Afterwards went to Australia. 

William Joseph Wilkins. A. 1866. S. Calcutta. R. 1884. 

William White. B. Oct. 6, 1838, at Oban, Argyleshire. Or. June 5, 1866. 
A. at Madras, Oct. 21, 1866, and D. there Dec. 30, 1866. 

Henry De Vere Gookey. B. Mar. 16, 1843, at Southampton. Or. July 4, 
1866. A. Jan. 12, 1867. S. Vizagapatam. H. to Eng. in 1875. R. in 1878. 

John Naylor. B. Mar. 4, 1837, at Halifax. Or. July 26, 1866. A. at 
Calcutta, Oct. 29, 1866. H. to Eng. in April 1875. R. Jan. 26, 1877. 

Henry Toller. B. May 10, 1845, at Market Harborough. Or. Sept. 2, 
1869. A. Jan. 18, 1870 : D. at Salem, March 15, 1870. 

Stephen Organe. B. 1839 at Bristol. Or. July 4, 1866. A. Jan. 12, 1867. 
S. Madras, Educational work. On account of wife's ill-health, Ret. to Eng. 
in 1867. Rt. Feb. 7, 1868. S. Madras. Jan. 18,1871, resigned connection with 
the Society, and accepted the pastorate of the Church at Davidson Street 
Chapel, Madras. 

Thomas Smith Thomson. B. Dec. 28, 1844, at Edinburgh. A. Jan. 4, 1873. 
S. Neyoor. D. July 31, 1884. 

Frederick Alexander Russell. Or. 1873. A. 1873. Resigned 1875. Now in 
Scotland. 

Henry Alexander Hutchison. B. Glasgow, Apr. 17, 1848. Or. 1874. A. 
Dec. 21, 1874. S. Coimbatoor. R. 1885. 

Edwin Midwinter. B. March 1853 at Newbury. Or. Feb. 16, 1876. A. 
in 1876. S. Vizagapatam, where he D. May 27, 1877. 

Alexander Strachan. B. Nov. 26, 1853, at Fraserburgh, N. B. Or. Oct. 5, 
1877. A. in 1877. S. Calcutta, where he D. Sept. 20, 1878. 

E. A. Phillips. A. 1878. S. Ranikhet. R. 1884. 

W. E. Richards. A. 1882. S. Madras. Left I. on account of ill-health. 



CHAPTER IV. 

The Amekican Board. 

1. THE MAHATHI MISSION. 

The American Maratbi Mission was the first established by 
^'The American Board,"* the oldest Missionary Society in America. 
This Society was organized in June, 1810, but the first missionaries 
did not sail till February, 1812. They landed in Calcutta the fol- 
lowing June, and w^ere peremptorily ordered out of the country 
by Government. Two of them escaped to Bombay, and endea- 
voured to commence missionary work there. These were the 
Revs. Gordon Hall and Samuel Nott. They were at first forbid- 
den to engage in missionary work at Bombay, but after sufiering 
much annoyance, and once having their passage engaged to 
England by order of the Bombay Government, they at last re- 
ceived permission to remain. An earnest appeal by the mission- 
aries themselves to the excellent Governor of Bombay, Sir Even 
Nepean, was mainly eliectual in securing this result. The letter 
giving the permission was dated December 21, 1813. They were 
soon joined by the Rev. Samuel Newell. When ordered away 
from Calcutta, Mr. Newell had taken passage in a ship to the Isle 
of France. But the hardships of the voyage proved too much 
for Mrs. N. in her delicate health, and soon after landing at Port 
Louis, she rested from her labours. Having buried his young 
wife and infant child, Mr. Newell returned alone to India, to carry 
out his cherished purpose of preaching the Gospel to the Hindus. 

Permission having been received to reside in the city, and 
preach to the Native population, the missionaries commenced 
their work in earnest. They experienced especially severe 
trials in the outset, but they were men of large faith, of untiring 
energy, and they counted not their lives dear to themselves if 
they might win in the struggle. Others soon came to their sup- 
port. In 1815 the Rev. H. Bard well, who understood print- 
ing, joined the Mission. A press was soon at work, which, with 



* Note.— The full title of this Society is, " The American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions." But except in official documents, 
it is more commonly known as " The American Board," 



46 Indian Missionary IDibectory. 

constantly improving types and other appliances, was one of the 
chief agencies employed by the American Mission till 1855. 
Other presses in the meantime having been established, at which 
all necessary printing conld be done, this secular work was then 
dropped as no longer indispensable to the Mission. 

Of the three founders of the Mission, Mr. Nott was compell- 
ed by failing health to return home in about three years, but 
lived in America till 1869. In May 1821 Mr. Newell fell a 
victim to cholera, that fearful scourge of India, which has so 
often thinned the ranks of missionaries as well as other c]asses of 
foreign residents. 

Mr. Hall laboured thirteen years at Bombay. His labors 
were various and arduous. Besides preaching to the heathen he 
spent much time in the translation of portions of Scripture, and 
the writing of suitable tracts in Marathi. He also made long 
tours into the Deccan, sowing the seed broad-cast. It was on one 
of these tours in March 1826 that he finished his course. Visit- 
ing Nasik and Trimbakeshwar, he found the cholera raging, and 
the people in a panic, without any means of checking the dis- 
ease. With characteristic self-forgetfulness, he began to give 
the sick medicines from his own little stock, till it was nearly 
exhausted. He then started on liis return to Bombay. At the 
end of the second day he reached a place called Durli Dhapur, 
about thirty miles from Nasik. Having no tent, he stopped in 
the verandah of an open temple for the night. The cold and 
other discomforts of the place, added to the fatigue of the jour- 
ney, prepared his system for a fatal attack of the disease raging 
around him. This came on about four o'clock the next morning 
as .he was preparing to start on his journey. Medicine adminis- 
tered by his attendants was rejected, and he then told them that 
he should not recover. Ha\ing given a few brief directions 
about the burial of his body ana other matters, he prayed with 
them, and calmly awaited the end. He died about noon of the 
same da;y, one of Ln« humble herces whose record is on high. 
His attendants wrapped the body in a blanket, and laid it in a 
grave in the Musalman burying-grouul. 

In the few years following th.3 death of Mr. Hall, several 
members of the Mission made long t ours through the Marathi 
country, preaching and distributing tracts and vernacular por- 
tions of Scripture. In December, 1831 Ahmednagar was 
occupied by Messrs. Graves, Bead, and Hervey, as an inland 
station. Since its occupation this city and the districts around 
it have engrossed a large part of the time and strength of the 
Mission. The greater part of the churches are organised here 
and most of the Native Assistants are employed in these dis^ 



1' 'y i 



Maeathi Mission. 47 

tricts. Satara was occupied in 1849 by Rev. W. Wood, 
Sholapur was occupied in 1861 by the Rev. C. Harding. 

Schools for children of both sexes have formed an impor- 
tant agency in the operations of the Mission since its founding. 
At first, Hindu teachers were employed, as no others were avail- 
able ; the schools being carefully superintended by the mission- 
aries or IsTative Christian catechists. But for the last twenty- 
five years, only Christian teachers have been employed. Miss 
Farrar, who was thirty-five years connected with the Mission, 
laboured with untiring energy and zeal, and with much success, 
in establishing and carrying on girls' schools. Many hundreds 
of girls were thus brought under Christian instruction. The 
school for 'Christian girls at^Ahmednagar has numbered about 
150 pupils for some years past. In the 60 schools of the Mission 
about 1,200 pupils are under the instruction of Christian teachers. 

Other stations have been occupied by the missionaries in 
the districts around Ahmednagar, and one at Bhuinj, in the 
Satarit district. Sirur was occupied bv the Rev. 0. French in 
1842 ; Khokar by the Rev. W. P. Barker in 1855 ; Wadale by 
the Rev. S. B. Fairbank in 1857 ; Rahuri by the Rev. A. Abbott 
in 1859. 

There are now (January, 1886) five missionaries connected 
with the Ahmednagar district, one with Satara, two with Sholapur, 
two at Bombay, and one is in America on furlough. There 
are 23 churches in connection with the Mission, of which 
fourteen have ordained pastors over them. 

The following are the statistics for 1885 : — 

dumber of Native Christians ... ... 2,810 

Number of Communicants ... ... 1,718 

The following literary labors of missionaries of this Mission 
may be mentioned. The books, if not out of print, can probably 
be obtained through the Treasurer of the American Board, 
L. S. Ward, Esq., Congregational House, Boston, U. S. A : — 

Memoirs of Rev. Gordon Hall ( 1834). By Rev. Hora- 
tio Bard well, D D. ; 260 pp. 

Memoirs of the converted Brahman, Babajee ( 1836). 
Rev. Hollis Read. 2 Vols., pp. 264 and 275. 

India and its People, Ancient and Modern (1859). Rev. 
Hollis Read. Pp. 384. 

India, Ancient and Modern, Geographical, Political, So- 
cial and Religious (1856). Rev. D. A. Allen, d. d. 8vo, pp. 618. 

Journal of a missionary tour in India ( 1836). Rev. W. 
Ramsay. Pp. 367. 

The Conquest of India by the Church ( 1845). Rev. S. B. 
Mungef. 



4'8 Indun Missionary Directory. 

A Grammar of the Marathi Language : Translation of the 
" Surya Siddhanta :" " Antiquity and Unity of the Human Race." 
Rev. E. Burgess. " [ L. B.] 



SECRETARIES. 



Home Secretary. — The Rev. N. G. Clark, d. d., Boston, Mass.^ 

U. S. A. 
Indian Secy. — The Rev. L. Bissell, Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSI0:N-. 

Abbott, Justin Edwards. B. Dec. 25, 1853, in Portsmouth, 

N. H., U.S.A. Or. June 1880, at Nashua. A. Dec. 21, 1881. S. 

(Ad.) Bombay. 

Aiikaipagar, Mahipati Balaji Professed Christianity Aug. 28, 

1853. Or. Dec 26, 1867. Pastor of the church in (Ad.) Dedgav, 

Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

Ballantine, William Osborne, M. D. B. at Ahmednagar, Feb. , 

9, 1849. A. (from America) April 18, 1875. S. Ahmednagar, Rahuri. 

W. medical practice and ver. preaching. Or. at Boston, July 8, 1885. 

H. June 1883 to Dec. 1885. M. Ad. Rahuri, Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 
Bhamhal, Vithoba Lakshman. Professed Christianity Nov. 22, 1857. 

Or. Nov 27, 1867. Pastor of the church at (Ad.) Pahata, Ahmednagar^ 

Bombay P. 

Bissell, Lemuel. B. at South Winsor, Ct., U, S. A. Dec. 12 
1822. Or.at Milan, Ohio, April 9, 1851. A. Aug 27,1851. S. 
Sirur, Ahmednagar. W. preaching (ver. ), itinerating, and instructing 
Theol. classes. H. Dec. 14, 1863, to Oct. 11, 1866 ; March 1876 

to Dec. 1877 ; Mar. 1886. M. Ad. Ahmednagar, BombayP. 

Bruce, Hexiiy James. B. Hardwick, Mass., U. S. A., Feb. 5, 
1835. Or. Springfield, Mass., Sept. 11, 1862. A. Mar. 3, 1863. S. Ah- 
mednagar, Khokar, Rahuri, and Satara. H. Mar. 15, 1872, to Oct. 16, 
1875. L. (1) The Watchmaker and his Family. Marathi. Second Ed. 1883 : 
(2) Come to Jesus. Maratld, 1868 : (3) Laiv in its Relation to Salvation. — 
An Inquiry for Brahmists — An Address, 1871 : (4) Notes on some of 
the Familiar Birds of India, 1873 : (5) The faithful Dog and his Bas- 
ket. — Story in Marathi. Second Ed., 1879 : l^) Anatomy, Human and 
Comparative. — (English). Prepared expressly for Translation into 
Marathi, designed "for the use of Schools, 1877 : (7) Anatomy, Human 
and Comparative. — (Marathi) 1879 : (8) Letters from India. — A 
Series of Letters written to Sabbath Schools in America, 1879 : (9) 
Illustrated Primary Arithmetic. — (In Marathi.) Second Edition, 1882: 
(10) The Literary Work of the American Marathi Mission, 1813 — 
i.^^^ 1882: (11) Elements of Astronomy.— {lA&v&i\\\)l^^^: (12) 
The Names of Birda in the Marathi Bible, 1883 : (13) Marathi Bible 



The American Boaed. 49 

Dktionarij. This work \Yas originally prepared by Rev. K. M. Dliala- 
wani,. revised and enlarged by Mr. Bruce, 1885. AV. vernacular preaching 
and evangelistic. Ad. Satara, Bo)iibajj P. 

Dhakmaai, Kaasini Maltamdji. B. at Aliinednagar in 1837. 
Professed Christianity June 9, 185G. Or. Nov. 19, 18G3. S. Khokar, 18G3 
to Dec. 1870; pastor of the church at Sirur, 1871-1875, since, as an 
Evangelist at Satara. L. co-operating with Mr. Bruce in trans- 
lating Anatomy, Astronomy, and Bible Dictionary. Ad. Satara, 
Bomhaij P. 

Fairbank, Samuel Bacox. B. Dec. 14, 1822, at Stamford, Ct., 
U. S. A. Ed. lUinois College and at Andover : was licensed and Or. as 
an evangelist at Jacksonville, III., 1845. Spent the following winter in the 
study of Marathi. Sailed from Boston, May 28, 184G: landed in Bombay, 
Sept, 20, 1846. S. Bombay, Jan. 185U to May 1855, as superintendent 
of the American Mission Press, which then did the work of the Mission 
and most of the IMarathi work, as well as some Guzerati work of the Bible 
and Tract Societies. Afterward statioired at Ahmednagar and Wadale. 
Work in Marathi : preaching, itinerating, superintending village schools 
and native agents ; revising Bible, editing tracts, school-books, 
almanacs, etc. H. May 2, 1855, to Jan. 12, 1857, and Aug. 1869 
to Aug. 26, 1871. Ad. AJimednagar, Bomhat/ P. 

Gates, Lorin Samuel. B. at East Hardland, Ct., U, S. A. Or. 
at Cambridge, Vt., July 7, 1875. A. Dec. 28, 1875. W. preaching 
Eng.and ver. M. H. to U. S. early in 1886. Ad. CmnJ. House, Boston, 
3Ias8, U, S. A. 

Gayakaicad, Bariha Dagadoha. Professed Christianity Apr. 13, 
1859. Or. Dec. 24, 1868. Pastor of the church at (Ad.) Soiiai, 
AJimednagar, Bombay P. , 

Harding, Charles. B. at Whatel}', Mass., U.S.A., Nov. 21, 
1826. Or. July 3, 1856. A. Jan. 12, 1857. S. Bombay, Sholapur. W. 
preaching (ver. and Eng.) and itinerating. H. Mar. 24, 1868, to Dec^ 
22, 1869 ; Mar. 188U to July 1882. M. Ad. Sholajmr, Bombay P. 

Hume, Edward Sackett. B. at Bombav, June 4, 1848. Or. at 
New Haven, Ct., U. S. A., June 2, 1875." A. Oct. 16, 1875. S. 
Ahmednagar, 1875, since, Bombay. L. Editor of Dayanodaya. M. Ad. . 
Byculla, Bombay. 

Hume, Robert Allen. B. at Bombay, March 18, 1847. Or. at 
New Haven, Ct., U. S. A., May lo, 1874. A. Oct. 29, 1874. 8. Ahmed- 
nagar. W. Ver. preaching and teaching in Theol. Sem. Editor of Dnya- 
nodaya. H. in Aug. 1885. Ad. New Haven, Ct., U. S. A. 

Ksliirasagar, Aaajl BJtagoha. B. near Ahmednagar in 1843. 
Professed Christianity Dec. 9, 1860. Or. Dec. 31, 1873, at Sholapur. 
pastor of the church at Sholapur five years. In 1879 became pastor of 
the church at (Ad.) AJimednagar, Bombay P. 

Mahasare, Sonaji CJtandrabJian. Professed Christianity Nov. 22, 
1857. Or. Feb. 25, 1874. Pastor of the Church at Parner five years : 
now evangelist at (Ad.) Wambori, AJimednagar, Bombay P. 

Makasarcy VitJwl Abajcc, B. at Wambori in 1840, Baptiz<3d Nov 

7 



50 Indian Missionahy Directory. 

22, 1857. Or. May 4, 1874. I'astor since, of the church in (Ad.) 
Satara, Bombay P. 

Modak, Hamh'lb'hna Vinayalc. Professed Christianity Sept. 2^, 
1842. Or. i)ec. 13, 1854. Pastor of second church in Ahniednagar 
about five years : then pastor of the church in Bombay till 186G. On 
account of the health of his family he then Ret. to the Deccan, .Tcnd in 
1870, when the two churches at Ahniednagar were united, he became 
pastor of the United Church. Has written and translated several useful 
tracts and books in Marathi. Resigned as pastor of the church in June 
187G, and was appointed Instructor in the Theological Seminary at (Ad.) 
Ahnednagar, Bombay P. 

Ohol, Waniram Veshawant. Professed Christianity Jan. 18, 1857. 
Or. Nov. 22, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad.) Bahuri^ Ahmed- 
nagar, Bombay P. 

Pawar, Bawaji Dewaji. Professed Christianity in 1860. Or. Dec. 
28, 1880. Pastor of Jambgav Qmrch four years : now evangelist, at 
(Ad.) Ahnednagar^ Bombay P. 

Bathawad, Sayaji Muldnda. Professed Christianity May 27, 1855. 
Or. Dec. 13, 1867. Pastor of the church at (Ad.) Panchegav, Ahmedna- 
gar, Bombay P. 

Salave, Lakshman Manaji. Professed Christianity Dec. 14, 1851. 
Or. Dec. 19, 1867. Pastor of the church at (Ad.) Chandcy Ahmednagar^ 
Bombay P. 

Salave, Sawalyaram Sabharam. Or. Feb. 1885. Pastor of church 
at (Ad.) Parner, Ahnednagar, Bombay P, 

Sibley, James Willie. B. Grafton, 0., U.S.A. in 1847. Or. 
1877. A. 1878. S. Ellichpur. H. 1883-85. In 1886 joined Am. 
Board. Ad. Bombay. 

Smith, James. B. at Ontario, Canada, July 13, 1851, Ed. in 
Victoria Col., and Knox Col. Theol. Seminary, graduating from tlie 
f(fl*mer in 1876, and from the latter in 1879. M. April, 1879. Appoint- 
ed to the Marathi Mission Sept. 19 : Or. at St. Mary's, Ontario, by the 
Presbytery of Stratford, Canada, Sept. 29. Sailed from Quebec Oct. 
25, and landed in Bombay, Dec. 13, 1879. Principal of the xVm. Mission 
High School at (Ad.) Ahmednagai\, Bombay P. 

Tukaraniji, Nathajl. Ed. at Ahmednagar. Or. 1884. Pastor of the 
church at (Ad.) Bombay, 

Umgare, Balammtraa Chhnaji, B. 1851. Ed. Ahmednagar. Or, 
Kov. 20, 1884, as associate pastor of the church at (Ad.) Ahmednagar, 
Bombay P. 

\Vagchaicare, Vhondlba Tukaram. Professed Christianity Sept. 17, 
1854. Or. Dec. 5, 1872. In charge of the church at (Ad.) Belapoor, 
Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

• Wagchaware, Gangaram Lalaba. Professed Christianity Nov. 27, 
1858. Oiv Dec. 12, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad.) KoIagai\ 
Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

W1ND.S0R, KicHARD. A. Jan. 22, 1871. S. Sholapur, Satara, 
Sirur. AV. preaching and itinerating. M. Principal of Deccan Industrial 
School at (Ad.) Sow, Poom ])ktvkt, Bombay P, 



The American Board. 51 

Zadhav, Sadoha Mahiji B. at Alimednagar in 1842. Professed 
Christianity July 2, 1854. Or. Jan. 25, 185B. In charge of the church 
at that place till 1876, then removed. (Ad.) Mahad Konhan, Bombay P, 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



Hollis Eead. B. at Newfane, Vt., U. S. A., Aug. 2G, 1802. A. 
March 7, 1831. S. Bombay, Ahmednagar. W. preaching (ver.) and 
itinerating. Left I. March 18, 1835. .Ad. Congl. House, Boston, 
U.S.A. 

William Ramsey. B. at Thomson, Pa., U. S. A., Feb. 11, 1803. 
A. March 7, 1881. S. Bombay. W. preaching (ver.) and itinerating. 
Left I. July 5, 18:31:. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U. S. A. 

Amos Abbott. B. at Wilton, K. H., U. S. A., in 1810. A. Oct. 15, 
1834. H. 1847-57. S. xVhmednagar, Rahuri, Satara. Left I. in March, 
1869. Ad. Steel City, Neh., V. S. A. 

George W. Boggs. A. Sept. 14, 1838. S. Ahmednagar. W. ver. 
preaching. Left I. Dec. 22, 1838. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U. S. A. 

Allen Hazen, D. D. B. Nov. 30, 1822. A. Feb. 27, 1847. S. Ah- 
mednagar, Sirur, Bombay, Sholapur. W. preaching (ver.), itinerating, 
Bible revision, preparation of tracts, instructing Theol. classes. H. 
1858-64. Left I. Feb. 24, 1872. Ad. DeerfieJd, Mass., U. S. A 

William Wood. B. Dec. Ir666. A. Jan. 19, tOMr" S. Satara. 
Ahmednagar, Satara. W. preaching, (ver.) itinerating, and preparing 
tracts. H. 1855-57, 1862 to 1865. Left I. March 15, 1872. A 
North Branford, Ct., U. S. A. 

Samuel Chase Dean. A. Jan. 12, 1857. S. Ahmednagar, Satara, 
Bhuinj. W. preaching (ver.) and itinerating. Left I. March 19, 1867. 
Ad. Steel City, Nebraska, U. S. A. 

Henry Watkins Ballantine. A. Marcli 3, 1863. S. Bombay. W. 
preaching. Left I. March 7, 1865. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U. S. A. 

William Henry Atkinson. B. at Bradford, Yorkshire, Eng. May 
29, 1838. Or. at Chicago, U. S. A., in April 1867. A. Jan. 13, 1868. 
S. Ahmednagar Wadale, Sholapur. W. preaching in ver. and Eng. and 
itiuterating. Left I. in Jan. 1876. Ad. Orchard, Iowa, U. S, A. 

Spencer Rextord Wells. B. at Albany, N. Y., U. S. A., Aug. 25, 
1888. Ed. at Beloit Co., Wis. In the war of 1860, was in the north- 
ern army, and lost an arm at Vicksburg. Atteneed the Chicago Theol. 
Sem. and graduated in 1867. Or. at Chicago in 1867. * Preached two 
years in Dundee and London, Mich. A. Bombay, Nov. 13, 1869. Spent 
one year in Ahmednagar : afterwards labored at Bhuinj and Panchgani. 
W. mostly ver. R. March 1881. Ad. Eagle Grai-e, Iowa, U, S. A. 

Charles Ware Park. B. Sept. 8, 1845, at North Andorer, Mass., ' 
U. S. A. Or. June 15, 1870. A. Sept. 16, 1870. S. Ahmednagar, 1870-71, 
Sholapore, 1871-74, Bombay, 1874-81. L. Founded the Indian Erangeli- 
cal Review, 1873, and edited it until 1879, Editor of Dnyanodw/a, 
1878-80 ; Secy. Bombay Tract and Book Socy, 1874-76 : Editor of Publi- 



52 Int)Ian' MrssiONABY DiPvECTory. 

cations of Am. Marathi [Mission. 1878. I^. 'Slaw ?>0, 1881. Ad. Birmmg- 
ham, Ct., r. S. A. 



DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Gordon Hall. B. at Tolland, Mass.. U. S. A.. April 8, 1784. Or. at Salem, 
Feb. 6, 1812. A. iu Jmie. 1812. Not being permitterl to remain in Calcutta, 
where he and liis coDipanions landed in company with Mr. Xott, proceeded to 
Bombay, where they opened the mission. He was engaged in preaching, 
itineniting, and translating. D. Avhile on a tour, near Xasik, March 10. 182G. 

Samuel Xott. B. at Franklin. Ct., U. S. A.. Sept. 11, 1788. Or. at Salem, 
Feb. G. 1812. Landed in Calcutta the following June, and with Mr. Hall es- 
cape<i to Bombav. Left I. on account of failing liealth in Sept. 1815. D. at 
Hartford. Ct..Jiilvl. 1869. 

Samuel Xewell. B. at Durham, Me.. U. S. A.. July 24, 1784. Or. at 
Salem, Feb. 6. 1812. Landed in Calcutta the following June. When ordered 
away he proceede<l to the Isle of France and thence to Bombay, where he 
ijoineil the new mission. "Was engaged in preaching, itinerating, and translat- 
ing. D. atBombav..Mav31.1821. 

Horatio Bardwell, D. D. B. at Belchertown. Mass., U. S. A., Nov. 3, 
1788. Or. 1815. A. Nov.fU, 1816. and jt)ine<l the Mission at Bombay. Was 
engao-e^l in preaching and in suijerintending the Press. Left I. Jan. 22, 1821. 
D." in 1867. 

John Xichols. B. at Antrim, N. H.. U. S. A.. June 20, 1790. A. at 
Bombav, Feb. 23, 1818. D. Dec. 9. 1824. 

Allen Graves. B. at Riipert. Vt.. U. S. A.. April 8. 1792. A. Fe.b. 
23. 1818. S. Malum. BomViav, and ^[ahableshwar. Was in America from 
Aiig. 1832 to Sept. 1834. D. Dec. 30, 1843. 

James Garrett, Esq. B. at Utica. X. Y.,.U. S. A., July 16, 1797. A. 
Aug. 9. 1820. Labored in Cevlon and -at Bombay in connection with the 
Press. D. Julv 16. 1831. 

Edmund Fro-t. B. at BrattlelnDio, Vt, U. S. A.. Nov. 16, 1791. Or. in 
1823. A. June 28. 1824. S. Bombav. D. Oct. 18. 1825. 

Cvrus Stone. B. at Marlboro. Xl H., U. S. A,. June 9, 1793. A. Dec. 
28, 1827. Lalx)red at Bombay and Jalna in preaching and translating. Left 

I. in June. 1838. D. . 

David Oliver Allen. D. D. B. it Barre, Mass.. U. S. A., in 1800. Or. 
in 1827. A. Nov. 27, 1827. S. Bombay. Ahmednagar, Jalna. W. preaching 
in Eng. and ver : itinerating, Bible translation and revision, and care of the 
Press. H. Dec. 1832 to Jan. 1834. Left I. in 1852. D. at Lowell, Mass., 
Julv 19. 1863. 

William Hervey. B. at Kingsbury. X. Y., U. S. A., Jan. 22, 1799. A. 
March 7. 1831. S. Bombay and Almiednagar, engaged in preaching. 
D. at the latter place. May 13. 1832. 

William C. Sampson. Esq. B. at Kingston, X. C, U. S. A., July 7, 1806. 
A. Xov. 22. 1823. Lalx>red at Bombay in connection ^\ith the Press. D. at 
Xilepie. Dec. 22. 18.35.' ^- i- 

Sendol Barnes Munger.. B. at Fairhaven. Vt.. U. S. A., Oct. o, 180.3. 
Or Feb. 12, 1834. A.^Sept. 10. 1834. S. Bombay, Jalna, Bhingar, Satara. 
H.1842 to 1846 : May 18. 1853 to Xov. 1854 : April 1860 to [March, 1863. 
D.' at Bombav, Julv 23, 18t>8. 

George W. Hubbard. B. at Hanover. X. II., U. S. A.. Dec. 25, 1809. 



The American Board. §3 

A. Sept. 10. 1834. S. Bombay and Jalna in superintending scIux.Im. Left 
I. in June. 1837. D. . 

Henry Ballantine. B. at Sc-hoilaek, X. Y., U. S. A.. March 5, 1813. Or. 
in 1834. A. Oct. 11. 1830. S. Bombay and Alime<^lnagar. W. preachin^^ 
(ver.) itineratinir. Bible translating. Cliristian books in the ver.. instruction of 
Theol. classes. ^H. from Dec. 1849 to Xov. 1852. Left I. Sept. 4. 186-^. D. 
at sea. Xov, 9. 1865. 

Elijah A. Wel)ster. Esq. B. at New Hartford. X. Y.. U. S. A , Feb 
20, 1813. A. Oct. 11. 1835. S. Bombay as Sujxlt. of the Pres< Left l' 
in 1842. D. . 

Ebenezer Burgess. B. at Grafton. Yt.. V. S. A.. June 26. 18<>5. A 
Aug. 10. 1839. 8. Ahmednager and Satani. H. Dec. 1844 to Feb. 1847 Left 
L in Jan. 1854. D. at Xewton Centre, Mass., Jan. 1, 1870. 

Ozro French. B. at Dummerston, Yt.. U. S. A.. June 8, 1807. A, Auf* 
10, 1839. S. Ahmednagar and Sirur. W. itinerating and ver. pretichintr Left 
L July 19. 1849. D. Sept. 28. 1865. ^' 

Robert Wilson Hume. B. at Stamford, X. Y., U. S. A Xov 8 1800 
Or. in 183«. A. Aug. 10. 1839. S. Bombay. W. preaching in En^l. an^f 
ver. : e<liting the ver. newspaj^r " Dm/anodai^a." Was Secv. of the Bombiv 
Tract Society. Left I. Sept. 20, 1854. D. -nt ?ieii Xov. 26, 18.54. ' ^ 

William Wilberforce Chapin. B. at Somers, Ct., U. S. A., Dec. 2 1836 
Or. Sept. 24, 1863. A. Mav 19, 1864. S. Ahmednagar and ' PimDk«» n' 
March 22, 1865. " t -• i^. 

Harl Ramchandra Khishti. Professed Christianirv April 14 1839 Or 
Dec. 13, 1854. D. in Bombay. Jan. 11, 1864. ' » - . 

Vishnu Bho.shir Kannarkar. Professe«l Christianity in 1853. Or. June '^7 
1860. Pastor of the Mission Cimrch in Bombav 1868 till his death D^at 
Bombay, Aug. 5. 1881. ' • - fc 

MissjCA-nthia Farnir. B. at Marlboro. X\ H.< U. S. A.. April 20, 1795 \ 
Dec. 28. 1827. She laboreil at Boui4.ay. Ahme^lnagar. and Satara, superinTend * 
ing girls" schools. Yisited America in 1837, Rt. in 1839. She d! ai Ahmed- 
nagar, Jan. 25. 1862. 



11. THE MADURA MISSIOX. 

The District of Madura covers an area of about 8,000 
square miles, and contains over two millions of inhabitants. 

The Jesuits have had a mission in Madura for more than 250 
years. In 1606 Robert De Xobilibus presented himself l>efore 
the Brahman? of Madura, claiming to be a Brahman of oreat puri- 
ty from the west, strengthening his declaration bv'^a solemn 
oath. He labored in the district about forty veaVs, makino- 
with his coadjutors, many converts. After the' wai-s between 
the French and Engli<h, the number of Roman Catholics was 
greatly diminished, being estimated in 1776 at 18,000. In 1839 
the Romish population of the district was 25.476, and thev Live 
probably not increased much since that period. 

The Ainerican Z\Iissiou was connnenced in Julv 1834, per- 
mission having previously been obtained from Sir Frederick 



54 Indian Missionary DiREcroRt. 

Adam, then Governor of Madras. The first missionaries were 
the Rev. William Todd and the Rev. Henry R. Hoisiugton, 
who came from Jaffna, Ceylon, with three native assistants. 

Early in 1835 the Rev. Daniel Poor, after visiting Madura, 
was so mnch impressed by the importance of the field that he 
removed permanently to this mission, and entered with enthu- 
siasm upon his new work. A large number of vernacular schools 
were soon established, and also an English school, in which many 
of the present native officials of the district were ieducated. At 
first the teachers of the schools were idolaters, as no others 
could be procured in the district, but the lessons were so arrang- 
ed that no heathen books could be introduced. The schools 
were generally popular, as they were greatly superior to ordi- 
nary native schools, but they were occasionally interrupted by 
^bsurd rumors, which were circulated respecting the object of 
the missionaries in establishing the schools. At one time it was 
said the missionaries intended ' to carry off the boys and sell 
them for slaves : then they were training them for sepoys : 
again, that they gave the boys '' spiritual milk" — some magical 
potation, to make them Christians ; gradually, however, the peo- 
ple gained confidence in the missionaries. 

As the first catechists of the Mission were brought from 
Jaffna, Tanjore, etc., and, being strangers in the district, were 
not always so contented, or satisfactory as could l^e desired, it 
early becamS a matter of much intportance to raise up in the 
field the helpers that were needed. Accordingly, a number of 
boarding-schools were established in different parts of the dis- 
trict, as the first step towards the desired object. -Some diffi- 
culties were met at the outset, in bringing boys upon the 
mission compound, from a caste feeling, but this obstacle was 
gradually overcome, and boys of various castes were brought to 
live together in harmony. 

In 184:2 the most advanced scholars in the boarding- 
school were brought together at Tirumangalam and formed the 
commencement of a Mission Seminary. The primary object 
of this institution was the raising up of suitable mission agents. 
The course of study was at first six years. The students were 
under no obligations to enter mission service, but were free to 
choose their future occupations as they pleased. The divine 
favor was vouchsafed to the institution in a remarka))le manner, 
over 200 of the students having made a profession of religion 
while in the Seminary previous to 1867. 

Subsequently, a class was received for a shorter course, to 
be prepared for school-masters, and a class of catechists was 



The American Board. 5S 

afterwards received to take a two years' course, after which they 
would return to the stations from which they came. Most of the 
present native pastors of the Mission, and many of the cate- 
chists and school-masters, received their education in the seminary. 
In 1870 the seminary was changed into an exclusively theologi- 
cal school, but experience seems to indicate that a varied course 
of study, including theology, is better adapted to the wants of the 
Mission than one exclusively theological. 

Although, at the commencement of the Mission, vernacular 
education was considered as of so nmch importance, it was not, as 
an end, but as a subsidiary means of accomplishing the ^^reat 
object of the Mission, the conversion of souls, and the buildino- 
up of the kingdom of Christ. The schools gave the missionaries 
access to the people which they could secure in no other way 
and each school was a preaching station, where the missionary 
was a-lways sure of a good and attentive audience of parents 
as well as children. Preaching was carried on daily in the 
villages near the different stations, and frequent tours were 
made in more remote parts of the field. In 1843 a new 
feature of the Mission's history was the application from 
communities in villages, to be received and acknowledged 
as Christians. The motives which prompted these applications 
were sometimes of a worldly nature — the desire to escape 
from oppression or some indefinite hope of improvinor their 
temporal condition, and sometimes, in counection with this, 
was an evident longing for a purer faith. Whatever the 
motive was, they placed themselves under Christian instruction, 
and renounced all forpis of heathenism. When persecution 
arose, some went back to their former idolatrous worship, but 
many others proved, by their firmness under trials, sometimes very 
severe, that they were sincere in their acceptance of Christianity. 

As the field of labor enlarged, without a corresponding 
increase of missionaries, the Mission became impressed with the 
importance of a more systematic visitation of the whole field, 
so far as possible; and in I860 the missionaries and .helj^ers 
were divided into companies, each of which was to spend a 
portion of time in itinerating. In 1865 over 1,200 villa o-es 
were visited, and the gospel was preached to about 60,000 hear- 
ers, and a large number of Scriptures and tracts were distribut- 
ed. Subsequent years have shown nmch the same result. The 
number of actual conversions in this form of labor has been 
small, yet a knowledge of truth has been spread far and wide, 
and in many cases men have been led to serious inquiry as to 
the truth of the strange doctrines brought to their hearing. 



!f 



56 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Churches were formed at the different stations, soon after 
the commencement of the Mission, and were at first composed 
ahnost entirely of the native helpers. In IStlo the clnirch 
members numbered 18 : in 1875 there were 32 churches, ^^'ith 
1,880 members in good standing. -The first native pastor was 
ordained on the 25th of March 1555 ; the number of ordained 
ministers in 1885 was 18, of whom 1-4 were in pastoral charge of 
native churches. A few of these pastors have had only a verna- 
cular education, but they are well versed in the sacred Scrip- 
tures. The most efficient of the whole number are those who, 
to earnest piety, have added a good education in English, as 
well as in their native tongue. 

At first the native pastors received their entire support 
from the Mission, but at the present time they are supported 
in whole or in part by the churches over which they have been 
placed, and in part by the Native Evangelical Society. Most 
of the native churches are progressing towards entire self- 
support. A " C*hurch Union" has been in existence for several 
years, in which the pastors and delegates from the churches 
meet for consultation and action on the interests of the churches. 
The subject of C-hristian benevolence is constantly kept before the 
people, and though most of them are very poor, they are increas- 
ing in their contributions from year to year. These amounted 
in 1885 to Rs. 6,841. Female education has not made much 
progress except among Christians, but at several stations 
schools for Hindu girls have been established and are fairly 
prosperous. In Madura, a desire for education has been 
awakened among Hindu women of good caste, and there is 
much encouragement to labor among them. 

The question of caste was one which was forced upon the 
attention of the Mission at a very early date. It was discourag- 
ed, as far as possible, and no distinction was recognized in the 
administration of the Lord's Supper, but no other definite test 
of the renunciation of caste was at first proposed. In 1847j; 
however, the subject became a matter of discussion throughout 
the Madras Presidency. The excitement was general in thi- 
district. There was no difference of o})inion among the mise 
sionaries in Madura as to the nature and evils of caste, but ther- 
was some as to the best method of dealing with it. It was fi, 
nally decided that a test should be proposed to all the helpers- 
aud to the scholars and teachers of the Seminary. On the ap, 
plication of the test many of the helpers declined to take it and 
left the service of the Mission, as did also niost of the teachers 
and scholars of the Seminary, Many of the tichoJurd returned 



Amemcan Board. 57 

however, when the first e:5icitement passed off. For a time the 
tempest, which had passed oyer the mission, seemed almost to 
liave left only a wreck behind it, but the storm had cleared the 
atmosphere, and a more healthy state of things was the result. 

From a very early period the mission has had the privi- 
lege of a missionary physician, who, in addition to the care of the 
mission families, has had considerable practice among the natives 
of the district. A dispensary was early opened in Madura, 
and subsequently in Dindigul. For several years past Dr. Chester 
has liad the care of both these dispensaries, besides * the super- 
intendence of several smaller dispensaries at other stations. 
The whole number of patients treated at the two principal dis- 
pensaries in 1884 was 58,406. 

There are two societies supported by the native Christians 
in connection with the mission. The Native Evangelical Society, 
to which reference has already been n^ide, was established 
thirty years ago, and uses its funds in aid of native churches 
for the support of their pastors, and for the support of Evangelists. 

The Widows' Aid Society was organized in September 
1864, and has now nearly 165 members, with funds to the amount 
of about Es. 29,000. 

It is only necessary to add a brief summary of the state 
of the mission at the end of 1885 : — 

Stations 11 : missionaries 12 : single ladies 5 : churches 
35 : native ministers ordained 19 : congregation 240, contain- 
ing 11,665 men, women, and children, of whom 3,673 are able 
to read : church members in good standing 3,018 : schools 175 : 
scholars 4,677 : contributions Rs. 6,841. 



SECRETARY. 
The Rev. J. P. Jones, Madura^ Madras P. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Barnes, A, Professed Christianity in Oct. 1840. Or. Nov, 30, 
1871. Ad. Pasianalai, Madras P. 

Buckingham, \V. A. Professed Christianity July 2, 1851. Or. March 
13, 1872. Ad. Pasumalai, Madras P. 

BuRNELL, Alfred Hastings. B. Manepy, Ceylon, Aug. 12, 1852. 
Or. June 3, 1881. A. Jan. 29, 1882. Ad. Manamadnra, Madras P. 

Chandler, John Eddy. B. in Woodstock, Conn., U. S. A., June 12, 
1817. Ed. at Yale Col. and Lane Theol. Seminary, Ohio. Or. Sept. 4, 
1846. M. Reached Madura in April 1847. S. Shevaga, Dindigul, Bat- 

3 



5^8 Indian Missionary Directory. 

talaguiulu, Tirumanagalam, and Madura. W. lias been among the 
heatlien, as well as the care of Christian congregations : for several 
years he was the treasurer of the mission. H. to America in 1861, 
Rt. early in 1864, second H. in 1878. Rt. in 1876. 8. Palani and (Ad.) 
Battalagundu, Madura, Madras P. 

Chandler, John Scudder, B. in Madura, South India, April 12, 
1849. Studied for the ministry in New Haven, Conn., U. S. A., 1870-73. 
Or. May 18, 1878, as an evangelist^ in the same jjlace. M. May 
21, 1878. Was engaged in pastoral work before coming to I. A. at 
Mr.dras, Dec. 4, 1878. S. Battalagundu in Aug. 1874. Engaged in yer. 
worj?. Received the degree of M. A, (Yale Col.) in July 1873. L. 
" The Everlasting Way" and •' The Children'a Gracious Lord" (Tamil 
lyrical Tracts, compiled): " The Pastor's Manual" in Tamil (original, 
but in connection with Rev. G. T. Washburn): essays and a hand-bill ; 
Tamil Christian Almanac for 1881. Tracts and Ahnanac obtainable at 
Madras Religious Tract and Book Depot : "Manual" at Madura. H. in 
Apr. 1885. Ad. Conyl House, Boston, U. S. A. 

Chester, Edward, M. D. Ed. at YnleCol. and Union Theol. Sem., 
New York, where he graduated in 1858: Or. by the Fourth Presbytery 
of New Y'ork. Studied medicine at the New York University Medical 
Col., from the Faculty of which he received his medical degree. Came to 
I. M. : reached Madura in May, 1859. He was stationed first at Tiru- 
puvanam, but shortly afterwards removed to Dindigul, wliere he" en- 
gaged in usual missionary and medical work. Besides tlie charge of tlie 
dispensaries at Dmdigul and Madura, has under his care a large class 
of medical students. Ad. Dhuihjul, Madras P. 

Christian, D. Or. Feb. 2, 1860. Ad. East Karisaknlam via Man- 
dapasalai, Madura, Madras P. 

Clark, Alfred. B. near Dindigul, Sept. 1, 1834. Attended the 
Sem. at Pasumalai, from 1847-54. Labored as a catechist eighteen 
years. Or. March 10, 1872, over the church at Pukilapatti, where he has 
since labored. Ad. Dindigid, Madura, Madras P. 

Colton, John. B. at Tanjore in 1830. Removed to Madura in 1842. 
Graduated from the seminary at Pasumalai, October 2, 184S, and for 
twenty-seven years .was engaged as one of the teachers in the same. Or. 
pastor of the church at Dindigul, June 24, 1875. L. a Church History 
for mission use: has translated several books for the C. V. E. S. His 
" Manual of the Madura District" has passed into the second edition. 
Has - translated or prepared for the use of theological students a number 
of brief memoirs of eminent men. Ad. Dindigul, Madras P. 

'ibevasay again , M. Or. Jan. 1877. Ad. Pommanpatti, Madura, 
Madras P. , 

Eames, M. Professed Christianity in 1846. Or. Oct. 29, 1870. 
Ad. West Karisaktdam via Mandapasalai, Madura, Madras P. 
\ GuTTKRSoN, George H. B. in Andover, Essex Co., Mass., U. S. 
A., May 12, 1847. Ed. Andover Theol. Sem.; graduating in June, 
•1878,'A. March 4, 1879. Ad. Melur, Madura, Madras P, 



Amerioan Board. 59 

Hazen, Hervey C. B. at Ithaca, K Y., U. S. A., June 2G, 1841. 
Or. July, 1807. A. Dee. 30, 1867. S. Palani, Jan. 1869. H. Aug. 

4, 1869rRt. July 12, 1884. S. Palani, Jan. 1885. Ad. Palani, 
Madrds P. 

HowLANi), William Southworth. B. Jaffna, Ceylon, July 
8, 1816 Q^arents mis^^ionaries in Ceylon.). Ed. Amherst Col. (M. A. 
1870.) Or. May 7, 1873. A. Jan. 1, 1874. S. Mandapasalai, since Jan. 
18/'). L. Tamil translation of "The Truthful are trusted:" Juhilee 
Memorial Volume, Madura Mission (English), Madura. Ad. Manda- 
]H(salai, Madura, Madras P. 

Isaac, Santha/tpan. B. in the Madura District in 1840, his parents 
embracing Christianity when he was ten years old. Graduated at the 
Pasumalai 8em. in 186n. Labored as a catechist until 1872, when he 
took charize of the church at Kambam, over which he was Or. Dec.J.1, 
1872. Ad. Kambam, Madura, Madras P. 

Jones, John P. B. in Denbighshore, Wales, Sept. 4, 1847 : remov- 
ed to America in 1865. Ed. at Western Reserve Col. and at Andover 
Theol. Sem., graduating in 1878. A. Dec. 1878. M. A. degree in 

1880. S. Madura until Sept. 1879 ; in charge of College at Pasiunalai 
in 1883 ; transferred to Madura, July, 1883. Ad. Madurti, Madras P. 

Mathuianaigam, S. Professed Christianity April 15, 1864. Or. 
Jan. '2o, 1870. Ad. Madura, Madras P. 

Nallathamhi, S. Or. 1883. Ad. Periakulam, Madras P. 

NoYES, Joseph Thomas. B. in Il^ewburyport, Mass., U. S. A., 
Mar. 4, 1818. Ed. Amherst Co] . (M. A. 1848) and at Andover, 1845-48. 
Or. Sept. 20, 1848, appointed to the Ceylon Mission of the American 
Board. A. Mar. 10, 1849. Transferred to Madura mission in 1852, where 
he has since labored. H. to U. S. A. 1870-72 ; to Europe and America 

1881. S. in charge of Tirumangalam, 1853.; since in charge of Peria- 
kulam and Mission sanitarium at Kodikanal, Palani Hills. Ad. Kodt- 
kaual, Madura, Madias P. 

Perkins, James Coffin. B. April 30, 1853, Sacremanto, Cal., U. 

5. A. Or. in Jersey City, May 29, 1855. A. Oct. 14, 1885. Ad. Pasu- 
malai, Madura, Mantras P. 

Peruiiial, A. Or. in Mar. 1885. Ad. Mallankineru, Madura, 
Madras P. 

Pitchamuttu, A. Or. 1885. Ad. Battalagundu, Madura, Madras P. 

Savariamttu, A. Or. in June, 1858. Ad. Dindigul, Madras P. 

Seymour, E. Or. in June, 1858. Ad. Komhai, Madura, Madras P. 

Taylor, Samuel. Or. 1883. Ad. Mandapasalai, Madras P. 

Thomas, Muttian. B. 1841 at Paliampntti, Madura. Or. Madura, 
Mar. 26, 1873. Ad. Mandapasalai, Madras P. 

Tracy, James Edward. ' (Son of Rev. W. Tracy.) B. at Pasu- 
malai, 1. July 4, 1850. Graduated at Williams Col. Mass., U. S. A, in 
1874 (M. A. in 1877), and at Union Theol. Sem. in May, 1877. M. 
Aug. 1, 1877. A. Nov. 8, 1877. Appointed in Jan. 1878 to Tirupu- 
vanan, left vacant, three weeks after his arrival, by the death of his 



60 Indian Missionary Directoiiy. 

father. Since Feb. 1883 has resided at Tirumangalam, in charge of 
both stations. Ad. Tirumangalam, Madura, Madras P. 

Vethanayagam, Gnanakonu. B. in Apr. 1815 in Tinnevelly. Or. 
Sept. 30, 1863. Ad. Tirupuvamm, Madura, Madras P. 

Washburn, George Thomas. B. at Lenox, Mass., U. S. A., 
Sept. 5, 1832. Graduated at Williams Col., Mass., in 1855. Studied 
Theology at Andover three years : was licensed to preach in 1858, and 
Or. in March, 1859. After leaving the seminary, spent a year and-a- 
half in preaching and in charge of the Congregational Church in East 
Guilford, Vt. M. Sept. 1, 1859. Embarked fori. Jan. .2, 1860. Reached 
Madura, May 1st, of i\\Q same year, and was stationed at Battalagundu, 
where he was engaged in general missionary work among the heathen 
and in charge of Christian congregations. In June, 1870, was trans- 
ferred to Pasumalai and took charge of the Theological School then 
vacant. In 1872 was obliged, by severe illness, to visit America: re- 
turned in 1874. H. l8 months in 883-84:. Has edited and pubhshed 
an edition of the Tamil Lyrics : is the editor of an Anglo-vernacular 
Christian mission newspaper, the " Satthiavartanumr (True News). 
In charge of Col. and Theol. Sem. Ad. Pasumalai, Madras P. 

Williams, C. *0r. Dee. 8, 1858. Ad. Periakulam, Madura, 
Madras P. 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



James R. Eckard. Originally appointed to the Ceylon mission. Removed 
to Madura in Feb. 1835, where he remained until the middle of 1837, when lie 
Ret. to Ceylon. In 1843 R. to America, where he continued to labor as a pastor 
and college professor. 

Alanson C. Hall. Entered the mission Oct. 18, 1835, but remained only 
till Sept. 1836, when he R. to America. 

Ferdinand D. W. Ward, D.D. B. in Rochester, N. Y., U. S. A. Ed. in 
Union Col. After pursuing the usual course of Theol. study he offered 
himself to the Board and joined the Company, which sailed from Boston 
Nov. 23, 1836. He reached Madras on the 21st of March following, and after 
remaining there for several months proceeded to Madura, Oct. 9, 1837. He 
continued in connection with the Madura mission until early in 1843, when 
he was transferred to Madras, where he continued to labor until 1846, when he 
R. to America. While in Madura he prepared, with the aid of Mr. Lawrence, 
a work on the '* Parables of Christ," which was subsequently published, 
He also prepared and published in Madras some smaller books which are now 
out of print. Since his return to America Dr. Ward has been engaged in 
teaching and pastoral labor, and during the war of the Rebellion he served 
for some time as a chaplain in the northern army. 

Henry Cherry. Studied theology at Lane Seminary, Ohio, U- S. A. 
Reached Madras, March 21, 1837, but instead of going to Madura sailed for 
Ceylon. Rt. and was stationed at Shevaganga, and afterwards at Madura. 
In 1850 R. to America and became disconnected with the Board. 



American Board. 61 

Edward Cope. A. Madura, May 10, 1837, and wa;^ stationed for a short 
time at Shevag-anga. As the liealtli of b(»th Mr. and Mrs. Cope was feeble, 
they took a change to Ceylon in Jan. 1840, where they remained until 1849, 
wiien they K. to America. 

Edward Webl). B. in Yarmouth, Eng. At a very early age he went 
as a missionary to Australia. After a short residence there, he went to 
America and entered the Andover Sem.. where he pursued the usual course of 
Theological study. After liis ordination he was married and sailed for India in 
company with. Messrs. Herrick, Kendall, and others, and reached Madura, 
April 29, 184(1. S. Shevaganga and Dindigul. While at Dindigul he 
compiled a volume of Tamil Lyrics, which' has been republished with some 
additions, and is in use by Tamil Christians thrcTughout Southern India. He 
also edited the " Tamil Repository," which contained much valuable matter 
on natural science, ecclesiastical history, etc. He revisited America for his 
health, which failed again soon after his return ; and he was obliged to leave 
the mission held and return to America. 

James Herrick. B. :March 19, 1^14. Ed. at Williams Col., Mass., in 1841, 
and at Andover, where he completed his studies in Sept. 1845. Or. Oct. 8th 
of the same year. Embarked for I. Nov. 12,1845, and reached Madras 
in March, and Madura in Api-il, ' of the next year. S. at Tiruman- 
galam. Was in charge of the seminary at Pasumalai from Nov. 1850 to 
April, 1854. Resumed charge of the Tiruuiangalam station, which he retained 
till Dec. 20, 18()3. H. to America in 18(54, Rt. in 1867, and was again placed 
in charge of the seminary, remaining there until 1870 ; from 1870 to 1883 
stationed at Tiruuiangalam. Had the superintendence of the Mandapasalai 
station for four years, and of the seminary at Pasumalai for two years, in 
addition to the labors of his own station. R. Mar. 1883. Ad. Brattleboro. 
Vt., U. S. A. 

George Ford. Was a graduate of Harvard University, U. S. A., and 
studied Theol. at Andover. Reached Madura in Aprif, 1847, and was 
stationed at Periakulam and afterwards at Tiruuiangalam, where he remained 
until 1853, when he R. to America. Labored for some time as pastor in 
Falmouth, Mass., and afterwards as missionary among the Indians in the 
western part of New York. 

Charles Little. B. in Colombia, Conn, U. S. A. Graduated at Yale 
College, and also pursued tlie usual Theol. course ; reached Madura in May, 
1848. In 1854 he visited America, and Rt. to the mission the same year. S. 
Tiruuiangalam and then Tirupuvanaiu, where he continued until sickness 
compelled his return to his native land in 1859. He has since been engaged 
in various pastoral and editorial labors. 

Charles T. White. Reached IMadura. April 4, 1857, and was stationed 
at Palani. On account of Mrs. White's feeble health, he Ret. with his family 
to America in 18(59 and left the service of the Board. 

Henry K. Palmer, M. D. At the outbreak of the recent war in America 
joined the army, remained in it till the close of the war ; at first as a private 
soldier, then as a medical assistant, and afterwards as assistant surgeon. 
When his health wm sufficiently restored after the war, he offered his services 
to the American Board, and was sent out, in 18(59, as physician to the Madura 
mission. His health proved unequal to the stress laid upon it, and after trying 
various changes in the country, he left 1. in 1874, hoping to recover his 
strength by a visit to America. 



62 Indian Missionary Directory. 

DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Daniel Poor, D.D. B. in Danvers, Mass., U. S. A., June 27, 1789. He 
was liopefuUy converted when he was ten years of age, and soon after joined 
the church. Ed. in Philip's Academy, Andover, and Dartmouth Col. He 
pursued his Tljeol. studies in tlie Sem. at Andover, and on the 21st of June, 
1815, was Or. with several others in the Presl)yterian Church in Xewlmryport. 
On the 23rd of Octol>er he sailed for Ceylon in company with Messrs, Kichards, 
Warren, Bardwell, and Meigs, where they arrived March 22, 181<i. He 
commenced his labor in Tillipally, and remained there until July, 1823, when 
he took charge of the Mission Seminary at Batticotta, where he continued to 
Ubor until his removal early in 183^5, to ]\Iadura, to a^^sist in the new mission 
there. He became deeply interested in the education of the people, and 
established a large number of schools in the city of Madura, which he visited 
daily, always preaching to the crowds which gathered around him on these 
occasions. In 1841 he returned to Jaffna and re-occupied, his first station 
at Tillipally. D. of cholera at Manippay, Feb. 3, 18or>. 

Henry \\. Hoisington. Became connected with the Ceylon Mission, 
Oct. 28, 1833. In July of the following, year, in connection with the Rev. 
William Todd, he commenced the Madura mission, where he remained until 
Feb. 1835, when he returned to Jaffna. On the removal of Dr. Poor to 
Madura, he became Principal of the Mission Seminary at Batticotta, which 
he conducted with much efficiency. He published several valuable works, 
one of them on Hindu astronomy. Some translations of Hindu philosophical 
works made by hiui were published in the Journal of the American Oriental 
Society. His health failing, he R. to America in 1850, and engaged in 
pastoral labor in different places. He D. in the work, having- been stricken 
down in the pulpit by an attack of paralysis, from which he did not recover. 
He was a graduate of Williams Col. and of Andover Sem., Mass. 

William Todd. Joined the Ceylon mission with Mr. Hoisington, and 
with him commenced the Madura mission, July 31, 1834. After laboring 
for some time in the city of Madura, he comhienced a station at Shevaganga. 
His labors were often interrupted by ill-heath, and early in 1839 he H. to 
America, where he labored for many years as a faithful home missionary. 
He retained to the last his deep interest in the foreign mission work, and died 
in Madura, Kansas, having given to the new town, where he labored, the 
name of his liiuch loved mission field. 

John Jay Lawrence. A graduate of Union Col. and Andover Theol. 
Sem, He was appointed to the Jaft'na mission and became connected with 
the Madura mission, Oct, 18, 1835, He was sul)sequentl\- stationed at 
Dindigul, where he labored until 1847, D. at Tranqviebar, on his way to 
America. 

Robert 0. Dwight. B. in Northampton, Mass., U. S. A., Oct. 31, 1802. 
In his early years he was engaged in mercantile business in Boston, and 
subse(piently in New York. On giving up his business in New York, he 
determined to carry out a long cherished plan of studying for the guspel 
ministry. He studed Theol. in Andover. lie sailed from New Castle, 
Delaware, Nov. 1835, in company with the Rev. Dr. Winslow, and also several 
missionaries for Northern India. He arrived in Madura, April 22, 183(», and 
was shortly afterwards stationed at Dindigul. On Dr. Poor's return to Jaffna, 
Mr. Dwight removed to Madura, where he labored dilige«tly until his death 
(by cholera) Jan. 8, 1844". 

John Steele, M. p. B. Aug. 19, 1804, at Hebron, N. Y., U. S. A. After 
studying medicine in Hebron, he received the degree of M. D. from the 
Vermont Academy of Medicine. Aftei* practising in Hel^ron for several 



American Board. 63 

years, his failing health compelled him to relinquish his practice, ami he 
engaged in husiness as a druggist in Aulturn. In Felt. 1830, his health having 
been much improved, he ottered himself to tiie Board as a missionary physi- 
cian and sailed from Boston for Madras, Nov. 23, 1830. Owing to fatigue 
and exposure on the journey to Madras, he took a severe cold, which tinallv 
assumed the form of pulmonary consumption. In compliance with medical 
advice he went to Jaifna, Ceylon, and from thence to Singapore, deri\ ing 
some benelit from the voyage, which, however, was n(it permanent. He wa^ 
able to attend to his duties, to the families of the mission, and also to his 
practice among the natives, but in ^larch, 1842, his health began to fail. D. Oct 
6,1842. 

William Tracy, D.D. B. in Norwich, Conn., U. S. A., .lune 2, 1807. 
Pursued his studies in William Col., Mass., arid in the Theol. Sem. at Andover 
Mass., and Princeton N. J. Or. at Pliiladelphia, an<l sailed from Boston, Nov! 
23, 1830. A. in Madras, March 21, 1837. Bemained in Madras until Sept. and 
reached Madura on the 9th of Oct. of the same year. Commenced a new 
station at Tirumangalam in connection with tlie Kev. Mr. Muzzy. Bemoved 
with the Mission Sem. to Pasumalai, Sept. 1, 1845, and continued in charge 
of the Sem. mitil 1807, with the exception of three years, spent on a visit to 
America, from which he lit in 1864. Bevisited America in 1807, and Bt. in 
1870, taking charge of the station at Tirupuvanam. For twenty-live vears 
was engaged in educational work as principal of the Sem., Vhich' was 
established for the education of native pastors, catechists, and schoolmasters : 
was engaged for eight years on the committee for the revision of the Tamil 
Bible. , Prepared and published a work on Theol. (mostly a translation 
from an American work), which is still used in the instruction of the mission 
helpers. Beceived the iionorary degree of D. D. from Western Univ. 
Pittsburg, Pa. in 1870. D. at Tirupuvanam, Nov. 28, 1877. 

Clarendon F. Muzzy. A graduate of ]\Iiddlebury Col., Vt., and of Andover 
Sem. He joined the mission in Madura, ^lay 10, 1837, and was stationed at 
Tirumangalam. He was subsequently stationed at Tirupuvanam and Madura, 
and afterwards commenced a new station at Meliu*. Partly on account of his 
own health, and partly to provide for his children, he left the mission and 
B. to America in 1857. Afterwards labored for severar years as missionarv 
among the ' small remnant of .Mohegan Indians near Norwich, Conn. D at 
Andierst, U. S. A., Jan. 4, 1878. 

Nathaniel M. Crane. Sailed from Boston, Nov. 23, 1830, reached Madura, 
May 18, 1837. He commenced a new mission at Tirupuvanam, where he re- 
mained several years, when he was transferred to Madura. B, to America as 
the only means of saving his life. D. in America after several years of 
labor. 

Alfred North, Esq. Came to SJngapore as a printer, and when that 
field was relinquished by the Board, he proceeded to Madura as an assistant 
missionary, Jan. 1, 1844. Bemained in the mission until 1847, when he B. 
to America. Afterwards studied Theol. at Auburn, N. Y., and l)eing Or., 
labored as a home missionary until his death. 

Horace S. Taylor. Ed. at the Western Beserve Col., Hudson, Ohio. 
Or. and appointed to the Madura mission, which he reached Oct. 10, 1«44. 
Was at first stationed at Tirupuvanam. In 1850 he commenced a new station 
at Mand«pasalai, where, with the exception of a visit to America, he continued 
to labor until his death, which occurred Feb. 3, 1871. 

• George W. McMillan. Joined the mission in Julv, 1840, and remained 
until Nov. 1854, when he B, to America. S. Dindigul. He published a 



64 Indian Missionary Directory. 

small work in Tamil, on " The Doctrines of Komanism," which is now out 
of print. 

John Rendall. B. near Halifax, Xova Scotia, Jan. 21, 1821, but re- 
moved at an early age with his father's family to Utica, New York. He re- 
mained there until lifteen years uf age, when he went to Quincy, 111., and 
entered the Mission Institute, where he pursued his studies for nine years. 
M. Aug. 18, 1845. Or. at West Boylston, Mass., in Sept. 1845. He joined 
the Madura mission April 21», 1846, and was stationed at Dindigul, where he 
continued for about three yeai-s, after which he was appointed secretary 
aiid treasurer of the mission, and placed in cliarge of the station at Madura. 
I« 1867 he visited America. On the passage Mrs. Kendall died suddenly 
from appoplexy. Mr. liendall Ret. to Madura in 1870, accompanied by one_^of 
his daughters. He took charge of the station at Battalagundu until 1873, 
when he returned to his former station and duties at Madura. \V. 
partly among the heathen, and partly the charge of christian congregations, 
with the financial business of the mission. D. in Bombay, June 11, 1883. 

Thomas Scott Burnell. B. at Chesterlield, Mass., U. S. A., Feb. 3, 1823. 
M.Feb. 4, 1847. A. at Madras, Feb. 20, 1849. Was engaged jis printer 
of the Ceylon mission at Jaffna from March 6, 1849, to Dec. 1855. Joined 
the Madura mission, and was Or, at Fasumalai, Sept, 10, 1856. Labored at 
Tirumangalam till Aug. 1857, afterwards at jVlelur. W. chiefly ver. : some 
editorial work. H. to America from April 19, 1869, to Dec. 19, 1871. R. 1882. 
D. in America, 1886. 

• Charles S, Shelton, M. D. Received his appointment as physician to the 
Madura mission, which he joined March 23, 1849. He was engaged in good 
practice as a physician, but when the want of a doctor at Madura was brought 
to his notice, he offered his services to the American Board. Before leaving 
for I. he was licensed to preach the Gospel. In 1856, owing to continued 
ill-health, he returned to America and resigned the service of the Board. D. 
in Jersey City, U. S. A, May 21, 1879. 

Nathan L. Lord, M. D. Obtained his collegiate education at the Western 
Reserve Col., Hudson, Ohio, "U. S. A, of which Inst, he afterwards -became 
the very successful agent. He joined the Ceylon mission in 1853, and re- 
moved to Madura in 1863, where he labored until March, 1867, when, owing to 
ill-health, he R. to America and soon afterwards D. 

David Coit Scudder. B. in Boston, Mass, U. S. A. He gra'duated at 
Williams Col. and at Andover. Reached Madura in July, 1861, and was 
stationed at Periakulam. Returning from a visit to one of^ his villages, he 
attempted to swim a stream, swollen by a sudden flood,'and was drowned 
Nov. 19, 1862, His body was recovered after several days' search and was 
buried at Kodikanal on the Palani Mountains. 

Thornton B. Penfield. Fd. at Oberl^n Sem. and went to the island of 
Jamaica as a missionary to the freed blacks. He Ret. to America on account 
of the illness of his wife, who shortly afterwards died. He was subsequent- 
ly married, and with his wife readied the Madura mission in May, 1867. He 
was stationed, first at Tirupuvanam, and afterwards at Periakulam. D. at 
Pasumalai, Aug. 19, 1871. 

William Benfield Capron. B. April 14, 1824, at Uxbridge, Mass., U. S. 
A. Or. Sept. 1856. M. Oct. 1, 1856. A. at Madras, March 7, 1857. S. Mana- 
madura, (residing in Madura four vears and Tirupuvanam three years) : H. 
to America, May, 1872, to Dec. 1874. D. Oct. 6, 1875. 

Marshall R. Peck. A. in Madras, Dec. 6, 1875. Left I. April 27, 1876. 
D. at Brookfield, Vt., U. S. A.-, Aug. 7, 1876. 



CHAPTER V. 

MISSIONAl^Y SOCIETIES OF THE CHUUCH OF ENaLAND. 

Befoee proceeding witli this chapter it is but proper to 
remark that the Churcli of England, through her chaphiins and 
other representatives, besides regularly constituted missionaries, 
lias rendered very great assistance to the cause of Protestant 
Missions in India. The chaplains of Calcutta, at the close of 
the last and beginning of the present century, '* strove labori- 
ously and long to establish a mission, not for Calcutta merely, 
but also for the Avhole of Bengal." Those of Madras and other 
stations in South India ^vere equally zealous. Bishop Heber 
delighted in calling himself " the chief missionary in India." 
As the author of '^ Protestant Missions in India^'^ A'ery truly and 
gratefully remarks : '' All the Bishops of Calcutta, " without a 
single exception, though some more than others, have exhibited 
their interest in this work ; and while preferring, as was natural, 
their own ecclesiastical organizations, have, in a true spirit of 
catholicity, extended the right hand of Christian fellowship to 
missionaries of all denominations. They haA'e been missionary 
Bishops ; and, in their day and generation, have been a 
spiritual power in the land. AVho is there who does not thank 
God for the earnestness of Mjddleton, the devoutness of Heber, 
the practical sense and shrewdness of Wilson, the sweetness and 
large-heartedness of Cotton ? Who is there who does not thank 
God likewise for the calm wisdom of David Brown, the 
high enthusiasm of Buchanan, the fiery zeal of Henry Martvn, 
the unwearied energy of Thomason, the love and labor of Corrie 
and of Dealtry, the sagacity and self-sacrifice of Pratt, who, 
while discharging faithfully their important duties as chaplains, 
devoted themselves assiduously to the evangelization of the 
heathen around them ? May successors to such apostolic men 
ever be found in the English Church in India I" 

The name of Henry Marty n should not be j^assed without 
some further mention. This devoted servant of God arrived 
in India in 1806. He at once engaged in studying Persian- 
Sanskrit, and other languages, and in translating the IS'ew Testa- 
ment into Hindustani. His first station was Dinapore, where 
he opened schools and continued his translations. Completino- 
the Hiudustani truuslutiou iu 1807, he beoau the Persian, and] 



66 Indian MlssionapvY Directory. 

in 1800, tlie Aral)ic. From iJinaporo lie proceeded to ('{iwiiporo, 
but in 1810 lie returned to Calcutta, and on account of failin;^ 
health was ohlio('d to leave India. This he did in January 181 1, 
hound for Shiraz, where he remodelled and completed his Persian 
Testament. He thence proceeded to Tebriz near the (.'aspian 
Sea. Shattered in health he determined to return to England 
by way of Constantino])le, and commenced his Ion;;- journey. He 
travelled about GOO miles to Tohat, 250 miles from Constantinojde. 
Unable to ^o further, he died there on the IGth of October, 1812, 
at the early age of thirty-one. 



I. CmjRCll MLSSIONAIIY SOCIETY, 

This Society was instituted in London in the month of April, 
1799. It was orioinally desioiied to operate " in Africa and the 
East," but has extended its ojjerations beyond these bounds. 
In 1807 the Society made a grant of £150 for missionary work 
in India, and sent the same to the He v. Messrs. Brown and 
Buchanan and Mr. Udny, of (;alcutta, where it was a])pro- 
priated to the translation of the Scriptures into the Eastern lan- 
guages. Grants wTr(; also made in behalf of the schools in 
Tranquebar. A (Jorres])on(liiig ('onmiittee of the persons just 
named Avas formed in (yalcutta'in 1814. From these beginnings 
a great work has grown u]), which may be best sketched by con- 
sidering each Presidency se])arately. 

I. Madras Prp^sidency. — In 1814 the Society, with the 
consent and approval of the ( ollege at Copenhagen, sent out 
two missionaries to Trantpiebar, the Kev. Messrs. Sclmarre and 
llhenius. Thinr stay in Tranquebar was short, -cS the Society 
had decided to establish a mission of its own in Madras, whither 
they ])roceeded in January, 1815. Sclmarre soon after 
returned to the languishing mission at Tran([uebar ; llhenius 
continued to labor at Madras until 1820, when he Avas trans- 
ferred. Other nn'ssionaries had arrived in the interval, and 
the progress of the mission in Madras has been steady and 
solid. Meanwhde the Danish mission in Tinnevelly baving'^been 
virtually abandoned on account of the scarcitv of laborers, was 
transferred in 1817 to the (Inirch Society, mainly through the 
efforts of the Kev. Mr. Hough. This energetic chaplain entered 
heartily into missionary work ; he jmrchased land and erected 
buildings at Palamcottah, a station which iifterwards became the 
liead-cpiarters of the Society's TinncAelly mission. Here Khenius 
and the Key. Mr. Schmid began laboring in 1820, with what 
Uieuijurc of succesjj may be seen from the fact that by 1825 there 



Church Missionary Society. C7 

had ])oen an increase of 4,o00 eoiivorts. Durino- the next five 
years thevo was a ]>ro])ortioiiate increase, the total cumber of 
(Christians in 1880 beino- 7,500. Abont 1830 the province was 
divided into ten missionary districts, and tlie work was energetically 
carried forward. In 1835 tlie Christian commnnity consistcnl of 
11,000 persons. In the same y<'ar, on ac(*ount of ecclesiastical 
(lifHculties, HlK^nlus and others separated from the Society and a sad 
controversy followed. lUicnius oroani/cd a now Society ; but 
died in 1838, and in 1831J-40 the S('|)arated conoreoations re-united 
with the Society. By this time the nund)er of Christians had in- 
creased to 17,000. 

During the past twenty-five years, and especially in the past 
decade, the progress in Timievelly has been most encou raging. 
In 1885 there were fil: Native clergymen, compared with i) in 
1858, and 5(1, 280 Native christians, com])ared with 28,151. There 
was a larger ingathering during tlu^ Famine of 1877-78. 

On the 11th of March, 1877, the Uev. E. Sargent, a mis- 
sionary of long exp(M-ience, was consecrated as Sutfragan l*isho]) or 
co-ad jutor to the Bishop of Madras. His special field, th(^ Tinnevelly 
mission, is at pres(;nt divide<l into t(;n districts, each with a 
church council. The large church at Mengnanajniram was com- 
pleted in January 1885 ; 25 Native clergy and 2,300 peo[)le were 
present ; 731 communicated. 

In the year 181 fi the Society sent out the Rev. Messrs. 
Bailey, Baker, and Fenn, with the object of imparting instruction 
to the christians of the Syrian faith in Travancore. These mis- 
sionaries carried out the wishes of tlu^ S()ci<'ty, and formed a kind 
of union Ix^tween their own and the Syrian Church. The scheme 
worked well, and these happy relatioiis continued been the two 
bodies from 1816 to 1838, when the union was wolved by the 
Syrians. Several new stations were at once opened by the 
Church missionaries . at Cottayam, Mavelikara ; and in 1841, 
at Trichoor. (Tradually other stations wovo formed both in 
Travancore and (Jochin. The missions thus established hav(! been 
very successful. 

In 1873 a notaljle revival ocfurj-ed, in which thousands of 
persons were influenced for good. In the years 1858-78 the Native 
christian connnunity increased from 5,891) to 17,5fi4. 

On the 25th of^July, 1871.), the Key. J. M. Speechly, who 
had been many years in charge at ( Vjttayam, wjis consecrated 
Bishop of Travancore and Cochin. 

In 1841 mission work wjis begun at Masulipatam, in the 
Kistna District, to the north of the Kistna Kiver. In 1854, Ellore 
was occupied, in . 1858, Be^iwada, and in 185D, Dummagudem. 



^S Indian Missionahy Dieectoey. 

Since 1861 there has been a great increase of converts in this 
field. 

II. Bengal Peesidency. — In tlie year 1815 the Corres- 
ponding Committee established a school at Kidderpore, in the 
subarbs of (Calcutta, and another at Dum-Dum. The first mis- 
sionaries sent by the Society to Bengal were the liev. Messrs. 
Greenwood and Schroeter, who reached Calcutta in June, 1816. 
The former engaged in educational work, and the latter proceeded to 
a station bordering on Thibet, where he labored four years and 
died. Early attention was given to schools in Calcutta, and 
especially among girls. In 1819 a printing-press was sent out 
from England to the mission, and in 1822 Mr. Browne arrived 
as printer, but died soon after. The press did effectual work until 
1843, when it was sold. In September, 1823, a Church Mis- 
sionary Association was formed, which has labored chiefly in 
establishing schools and erecting chapels. In 1824 the " Ladies 
Society for Native Female Education" was established with the 
patronage of the Marchioness of Hastings. In 1825 Abdul 
Masih, who had been baptized in 1811, was ordained by Bishop 
Heber, as was also the Rev. Mr. Bowley, afterwards so zealous in 
preaching. The death of Bishop Heber, in 1827, was an afflictive 
event to the Calcutta mission. For several years it had compara- 
tively few laborers, but of late years this has been bettered. In 
1865 the Cathedral Mission College was established. 

In 1816 educational work was begun at Burdwan, but the 
first missionary did not arrive until 1820. In 1831 the Bev. 
J. J. Weitbrecht was appointed to the station, where he labored 
many years. A Christian colony was early founded and schools 
established. Orphanages were also formed. 

In 1817 the Bev. D. Corrie was appointed chaplain at 
Benares, and in the following year securetl the transfer to the 
Society of the Jay Narain School, which afterwards developed 
into a large and flourishing college, called after the name ol its 
founder, a wealthy Bajah. The first missionary, the liev. T. 
Morris, arrived in 1821. The work has since been steadily 
carried forward by the Rev. Messrs. Smith, Leupolt, and others. 
The mission has at present extensive schools ; a normal institution, 
two Christian villages, and two Native churches. 

Mr. Corrie, who was stationed at Chunar in 1807, took an 
active interest in missionary efforts, and presented the Church 
Society with premises in that station. Mr. Bowley. removed to 
the place in 1815, and continued to labor there both before and 
after his ordination. In 1819 Mr. Greenwood arrived from 
Calcutta, being the first missionary appointed to the station. 



Chl'rch MISSIO^'APvY Society. 69 

In 1823 work was opened in Goruckpore. This contains at 
present an orplianage, a flourishing hioh-scliool, and a large 
C^hristian village. (_'alna was occupied in 1825, but was made 
over to the Church of Scotland in 1842. 

In 1816 the Rev. H. Fisher, while chaplain at Meerut, 
baptized the celebrated Anand Masih, who afterwards labored 
etfectually both at this place and at Delhi. In 1828 the first 
missionary, the Rev. Mr. Richards, Avas appointed here. 

hi 1831 the Society formed a mission at Krishnaghar : the 
first missionary, the Rev. Mr. Deer, arrived the following year. 
About 1838 a remarkable movement towards Christianity took 
place among the natives, and within the course of a few months 
about 3,000 persons embraced C'hristianity. In the year 1831 
work was also beoun at Azimourh. 

As early as 1812 missionary o])erations were begun at 
Agra by Mr. Corrie. He was assisted by Abdul Masih, who con- 
tinued in charge of the work after the departure of Mr. C. to 
England. In 1839 the Rev. T. Hoernle, the first missionary, 
arrived. A Native Church has been raised up, and a well known 
institution of learning, St. John's (*ollege, established. In 1839, 
immediately after the great fiimine in North India, a large Orphan- 
age was founded at Secundra, near Agra. A printing-press was 
established in connection with the Orphanage in 1810 : and in 
1842 a church was built at Secundra ; The following stations 
were occupied in the order mentioned : Bhagalpur, 1850 ; Jub- 
bulpore, 1854 ; Muttra, 185G ; Lucknow, 1858 ; Allahabad, 1859 ; 
Fyzabad, 1862 ; xA^ligarh, 1864. 

In the year 1843 the Society commenced a mission station 
at Kotgarh in the Himalayas. Schools were established and the 
gospel preached. Kangra, north-west of Kotgarh, was occupied 
in 1854. Other stations in the Punjab* were taken up as follows : 
Amritsar, in 1852 ; Peshawar and Mooltan, 1855 ; Dera Ismail 
Khan, 1861 ; Srinagar in Cashmere (where a most interesting- 
medical mission has been carried on by the lamented Dr. Elmslie 
and his successors), in 1863 ; and Lahore, in 1867. 

In 1862 the Society began its missions among the Santals, 
being the first to enter this interesting field. It has numerous 
stations, which have many schools connected with them, and also a 
training institution. Taljhari is the head-quarters of the mission. 

In 1879 work was commenced among the Gonds, with head- 
quarters at Mandla, C. P. In 1880 a mission was established 
among the Bheels at Khairwarra, in Rajputana. 

III. Bombay Presidency. — The Society commenced its 
operations in the city of Bombay in 1818, when a Corresponding 



70 



Indian ^Iissionary Directory. 



Committee was formed. The first missionary, the Rev. R. 
Kenney, was sent out in 1820. He organized schools, and preached 
in the cit}-. An educational institution, the Robert Money School, 
is located here. Nasik was occupied as a mission station in 1832. 
For many years but slow progress was niade, but, after the estab- 
lishment of an industrial school, affiiirs assumed a better shape, 
and converts were multiplied. Junir was taken up as a field of 
labor in 1816 ; and Mullioaum, in 1818. Mission work was 
beoun at Kurrachee, in Scindh, in 1850, and at Hyderabad, in 
1857 ; at Aurunoabad, in 1860 ; and at Buldana, in 1868. 

In addition to Schools and Colleoes, the Society has several 
flourishinor Divinity Schools — at Lahore, Calcutta, and Allahabad. 

Includino- missionaries at home, the Society has at present, in 
connection with its missions in India, 88 stations and 213 mission- 
aries. The total number of adult baptisms in India, from June, 1884, 
to Jime, 1885, was 1,421. The following statistics for 1885 show 
the increase since 1881 : — 



European missionaries, 


111 Increase 


15 


Kative ordained agents, 


132 


22 


Native Christians, 


... 101,333 


2,340 


Communicants, 


... 23,280 


2,218 



SECRETARIES. 



Rev. CHRISTOPHER C. FENN, ]\r.A. 

Rev. ^YILLIAM GRAY, M.A. 

Rev. FREDERIC E. WIGRAM, M.A. (Hon). 

Rev. ROBERT LAXG, M.A. 

Rev. HENRY SUTTON, M.A. (Central or Home). 

General GEORGE HUTCHINSON, C.B., C.S.I. 

EUGENE STOCK, Esq. (Editorial). 

Church Missionari/ House, Salishuri/ Square, London. 
Calcutta and North India. — Rev. A. Clifford, Calcutta. 
Panjab and Sindh, — Rev. T. R. ^YADE, Lahore. 
BoMRAY AND Western India. — Rcv. R. A. Squires, Bomhaij. 
Madras and South India. — Rev. E. Sell, Madras. 



MISSIONARY BISHOPS. 



The Right Rev. Bishop (Edward) Sarcjent, D.D. Educated at 
Islington College. An-ived in India in 1842. Labored many years in 
Tinnevelly, specially at Palamcottali. Author of "A Commentary on 
the Gospels and Acts," Tamil translation of Paley's Evidences, Ele- 



Church Missionary Society. 71 

merits of Natural Pliilosopliy, Ancient History of Egypt, etc. March 
11, 1877, jonsecrated, at Calcutta, Suffragan Bishop, Co-adjutor to the 
Bishop of Madras. 

The Kight Kev. Bishop (J. M.) Speechly. A. 1860. S. Cottayani. 
July 25, 1879, consecrated Bishop of Travancore and Cochin. 

The Rkjht Rev. Bishop (Thomas Valpv) French. A. 1850. S. 
xVgra. Consecrated Bishop of Lahore in 1880. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Ahel, Frederic. B. at Agra about 182.5. Or. in Jan. 1866 : S. 
Meerut, Goruckpore, Fy'zabad. Ad. Fjimhad, Oudli. 

Ahraham, Isaac. Or. 1859. Ad. Faniietrelei, Madras P. 

Abraham, Vadamuttu. B. in Nov. 1842, in Tinnevelly. Or. Jan. 
30, 1876. Ad. Perpuhuif/uhnn, Madras P. 

Alexander, Frederick AVilliam Nassau. B. at Dublin, Aug. 
20, 1832. Or. 1855, 1857. M. in May, 1857. A. in Sept. 1857. S. 
Ellore : W. vcr. as pastor and evangelist. One of the delegates for 
translating iho book of Coininon prayer into Telugu. H. to Eng. from 
Sept. 1869 to March, 1872 ; to Melbourne from July to Nov. 1875. 
Ad. FMore, Madras P. 

Ah, Jan. B. Hydrabad, Deccnn. Or. May 27, 1877, Dec. 22, 
1878. Ed. at No1)le High school, ^lasulipatam and Christ Col., Cambridge 
(B.A.) Rt. from EngC Nov. 29, 1877. S. Bombay, 1877-83, since at 
(Ad.) Calcutta. 

All, Yaquh. Or. 1878. Ad. Lahore. 

Arulanandam, J. Or. 1882. Ad. Pottalpatti, Madras P. 

Arulananthaui, B. B. in 1831. Or. 1876. Ad. Piragaspuram, 
Madras P. 

xiruman at/a f/a III, G. B. 1824. Or. 1876. Ad. Areikulam, Madras P. 

Arumanaijaijam, P. B. 1822. Or. 1859. Ad. Asiri'ahajntram, 
Madias P. 

Asirradhain, Adithasaii. B. March 15, 1835, in Tinnevelly. Or. 
Oct. 11, 1874, Jan. 31, 1S76. Ad. Amhasamudram, Madras P. 

Asircadhaiii. S. Or. 1S76. Ad. Meenacli'mathaparam, Madras P. 

Asirvadham, E. Or. 1882. Ad. Kadatchapuram, 3Iadras P. 

Atkinson, Milnes Nelson S. Ar. 1883. Ad. Vinnmaijudem, 
Madras P. 

Bailey, Arthur. A. 1877. M. Ad. Kotgur, Panjah. 

Bakhsh, Nathaniel Uahim. Or. 1882. Ad. Jaunpore, N. W. P. 

Ball, Albert Edmund. Or. June 11, 1880, Dec. 18, 1881. A. 
Nov. 18, 1880. Prin., C.^[. S. High School at (Ad.) Karachi, Sindh. 

Ball, William Hknrv. A. 18-^1. M. Ad. Calcutta. 

Bambridge, J. J. Or. 1876. A. Jan. 5, 1877. S. Karachi ; Prin., C. 
M.S. High School from May, 1878, to Dec. 1881 ; since in charge of 
station. Ad. Karachi, Sindh. 

Bapajii Ajyaji, Or. 1855. Ad. Bomhai/, • - 



72 Indian Missionaby Dieectory. 

Bateman, Kcwland. B. 1840, Staffs, Eng. Ed. Oxon. M.A. Or. 
18C5, A. 1868. S. 18G8, Dera Ismail Khan, 1870, Lahore Divinity 
scliool, 1872, itinerant Missionary, Aniritsar. H. to Eng. in 1881, three 
and a half years. Ad. Camp via Ainritsai\ 

Baumann, Charles. A. 1868. M. Ad. Calcutta. 

Baumanx, Auoustus ^y. A. 18C9. M. Now in Europe. 

Bell, Robert John. A. 18G0. Now in Europe. 

Bell, Randolph R. Ar. 1882. M. Ad. Calcutta. 

Besra, Sham. Or. 1878. Ad. Lvhpur, Bengal. 

Beutel, Herrman Frederic Theodore. B. June 3, 1841, in Pome- 
rania, Prussia. A. Jan. 25, 1870, in connection with Established Church 
of Scotland. S. Darjeeling, Pankhibari. IniSTov. 1871 joined the CM-S. 
S. Kot^ur, to Nov. 1875, Amritsar, to Dec. 1881, since, Clarkabad. 
L. Primers in Persian, Urdu, and Roman-Urdu, C. Y. E. S. Depot, 
Lahore. Ad. Clarl-ahad, Panjab. 

Bishop, John Hunter. B. at Ostend, Belgium, March 23, 1844. 
Or. in June 18G7. A. Dec. 1807. M. Dec. 1868. Prin. C. M. S. Col. 
Cottayam, 1807-78. H. 1879-80. Since, Jan. 18S1 at (Ad.) Trichur, 
Travancore. 

Biswas, Koilas Chandra. Or. 1882. Ad. Ballahpur, Bengal. 

Biswas, Matthew Sarthol: B. in 1835 at Gongra, Nadiya. Or. 1872, 
1879. Ad. Kapasdanga, Bengal. 

Biswas, Molam. Or. 1870. Ad. Solo, Bengal. 

Blaich, John. Joined in I. 1876. Ad. Hirampur, Bengal. 

BoMFORD, Trevor. B. Isle of Wight, 1849. Ed. Cambridge, B.A. 
1872, M. A., 1870. Or. Dec. 1873, Dec. 1874. Ministerial work in 
Eng. 1873-80. A. Feb. 17, 1881. M. Ad. Multan, Panjah. 

Bose, Baj Kristo. Or. 1870. Ad. Calcutta. 

Bower, Frederic A. 1860. M. Ad. Tiruwella, Travancore. 

BowLRY, Arthur Elliott. A. 1885. Ad. Agra. 

Bradrurn, C. H. Ar. 1885. Ad. Calcutta. 

Bren, Henry Alfred. A. 1881. Ad. Bomhay. 

Briggs, William. B. Bingley, Yorkshire, Eng. Nov, 10, 1837. 
A. Jan. 4, 1858. W. Educational. S. ]\[ultan and Khaiipur. L. 
Author of several Urdu tracts, "Muhabbatnama;"' "Ek Tamsil," &c. 
Ad. Khanpur, Panjah. 

Brown, James. B. at Thorndon, Suffolk, Feb. 2, 1844. Entered 
Islington Col. in 1860. A. 1808. Or. Dec. 1870; Jan. 1873, Ad. 
Bahawa, Dharmpur, Bengal. 

Browne, ]Martin, Esq. B. in 1848, Trowbridge, Wilts. A. 
1876. S. Cam. Nicholson Inst., and acting Prin. C. M. S. College, 
Cottayam, till Aug. 1879 : from Oct. 1879 Prin. C. M. S. High 
School at (Ad.) Ellore, Madras P. 

Cain, John. A. 1809. M. Ad. Dunimagudem, Madras P. 

Caley, John. A. 1871. Ad. Cottayam, Travancore. 

Carr, A. Arulanaudhain. Or. 1885. Ad. Kattarenlculam, Madras P, 

Carrs, Thomas C. Ar. 1862. S. Bombay. Now in Europe. 

CAYAiiER, Anthony Ramsden, A. 1883. Now in Europe. 



('hUKCH MiS.SlOKAKY fSuClETY. ' 7o 

Chaiidii, Jacob. B. T^ov. 4, 1852. Or. Xov. 21, 1875, Mar. 'J, 
187y. Ad. Trkhir, Tntnincore. 

Charu, Ham. Or. 187G. Ad. Rafaupar, Jiatifal. 

Chenan, lift/. Or. 1878. Ad. h'od (iralaiiii/a, Tracanvoiw 
' Clark, Hknkv Mautvn-, (M. B. and c! .M. Kd.) A. Mar. 12, 
1882. 8. in charge uf Anirit.sar and Dist. Medic il ^lission. Ad. Anirit- 
dur, Fan jab, 

Clark, Koueut. Al. A. Trinity Col. Cam. Or. ]8.">0, 1851. A. 
1851. S. Anirit^ar, 1851, Pesliawar, 1851. 11. 1857, IVsluiwar, 1858, 
Kashmir, 18()-t, Amrit^ar, 18(U. 11. 18GH. Laliore, 187<», Amritsar, 
1872, II. 187G. Amritsar, 1S7G. 11. 1871>. Amrit.sar, 1S80. Sec. Pun- 
jab Bible and Kel. Book tSucy., 1871 : Sec. Cur. Cum. C. M. S. Punjab 
and Sindh, 1878 : Sec. Ch. vl Kiig. Zenana Missy. Socy. 1880. L. 
Translated St. Johns Gospel (Pushtu); joint editor of Commentaries 
on St. Matthew and tlie Acts of the A])Ostles, with tlie Kev. Imad-ud- 
Din (Persian Urdu) : Kel. Book S)cy., Lahore. Ad. Amritsar, I\iiijab. 

CLiFi'ORn, Alfred. B. in Eng. in 1811). A. 1872. S. Calcutta 
and Krishnagar. Sec. Cor. Com. C. M. S. Bengal. Ad. Calcutta. 

Cole, Frederic Thomas. B. 1848, in Deilham, Essex. Or. 
1871. A. 1872. S. St. Jolin s Col., Agra, to Jan. 187:^>, Taljhari to 1871), 
opened a new station at Barharwa in 1871), there till H. 1882-8:3 ; since, 
Taljhari. L. Edited two editions of the Gospels in Santiiali, also Acts : 
Prayer-book, Bible History, Pilgrim's Progress, and a numl)er of school 
and other books in Santhali (Kel. Tract Soey.) Ad. Taljhari, Beiujal. 

Coolisleii, Manuel Hear ij. B. May 2G,18l5. Or. Sept. 22, 1878, 
Jan. 11,1880. L. Four original tracts in Tamil. Ad. Moujaanapuram, 
Madras P. 

Corfield, Eoerton. Ed. Cam. B. A. (Theol. special) June, 188o. 
Or. Sept. 1885. A. Dee. 1885. Prin., Boarding School for Christian boys. 
Ad. Batala, Panjab. 

Cotton, Arthur William. A. 188:3. Ad. H//drabad, Sindh. 

Coverdale, Thomas Elvers. A. 1881:. Ad. Peshawar. 

Curien, Geonje. Or. ISoG. K. — .Ad. Talhucadi, Tracancore. 

Curien, P. Mattheic. Or. 1872. Ad. M(dlapalli, Tracancore. 

Daeurle, Carl Gustav. B. in Wurttendjerg, Germam% 18:J2, Ed; 
Basel Miss. Col. and Univ. 1851, London C. M. Col. 1855 ; Or. 185G, 
1857. S. Benares, 1858 ; Agra, 18G2 ; Secundra, Agra, 18G:3 ; Europe, 
1870 ; Lucknow, 1871 ; Europe, 1871) ; Agra,» 1881 ; proceeding to 
Europe, on H. iu 188G. L. in Secundra ; edited several English and 
vernacular periodicals, *' Secundra Messenger, " " Carrier Dove," Mis- 
sionary Notes and Queries,'' several books, " Lokmi," Gyan Dipak'' 
(Koman), a Gitmala and some leaflets. In Lucknow, Gazul-ul-Mominim 
(lioman and Persian), conqjiled and edited Church Hymn Book in 
Koman and Persian-Urdu ; '2nd edition, Secundra O. Press, 1882 ; also 
Git-i-Tilian, 150 hymns of his own translating ; in 1884 wrote 
" Dil-l^^-tabdil" iu Persian-Urdu (Punjab T. and B. Socy). Two other 
treatises on the " Kingdom of God,'' and '< Divine Love," in hand. Ad. 
Ayra, 



74 Indian Missionary Dihectohv. 

Davkl, Joseph. B. July 18, 1834, in Tiiinevelly. Or. Jan. 31, 
18G9, Dec. 24, 1872 : L. Translated into Tamil, '' The Angel's 
Message" and " Tales for j^oung Protestants ;" has written several 
tracts. Ad. Meng nanapuram, TinnereUn^ Madras P. 

Band, Marumiidi. Or. 1884. Ad. Masniipafam, Madras P. 
David, P. Or. 1876. Ad. Dohnaviir, Madras P. 
David, S. Or. 1885. Ad. Sicagasi, Madras P. 
Davis, Brocklesby. B. at Homerton, Hackney, Lon. Ed. at 
St. Peter's Col., Cambridge : B. A. in 1849 : M. A. 1852. Or. 1850, 
1854. A. in Nov. 1859. S. Benares, 1859-61, Allahabad, 1801-78, 
since, Benares. W. Ver. preaching : itinerating : college work as 
Principal at St. Peter's Col, Allahabad and Jay Narrain Col., Benares, 
from 1801-70, Secretary K. I. T. Society. H. two-and-half years from 
1870, also six months in 1878. L. (1) A<pml-i-Faraiz (translation of 
Faith and Duty of a Christian) in Urdu : obtainable at the North India 
branch of the C. K. S. Banda. (2) Almanac in Hindi : 1808 ; North 
India Tract Society. (3) A Sermon preached at the Jubbulpur Annual 
Conference : C. M. S., Allahabad. (4) lieports of Nortli India Tract 
Society, 1801-70. Paley's evidences translated into Urdu, N. I. T. S., 
Allahabad. M. Ad. Benares. 

Deimler, Johann Gottfried. B. Windstein, Germany, April 2, 
1820. Or. June 11, 1854, May 1, 1850. A. Feb. 9, 1855. Went 
to East Africa in 1850. Transferred tol. inl858. S.Bombay. H. 
from 1857-58, 1808-70, 1878-80: L. Translations (1) " The Heart- 
book," Aina-e-Dil (Book Society, Punjab) ; (2) " The Judgement," 
Insaful Qiyamat (Tract Society, Bombay) ; (3) Al Mmjannit/a, " Singing 
in Heaven" (Tract Socy., Bombay) : Original, •' The Mohamedan Mission 
in Bombay" (Tract Socy., Bombay). Ad. Bomhat/. 

Devaprasadham, Daniel, Or. 1805. Ad. Strivilliputhur, Madra^^ P. 
Deraprasadham, 3luttuswami. B. Palamcottah in 1820 : Oi\ Feb. 
1851, Bee. 18, 1859. Ad. Fannikalam, 3Iadra^ P. 

Devaprasatliam, Muttuswami. B. March 10, 1845, in Tiniievelly. 
Or. Sept. 22, 1878. x\d. PalamcottaJi, Madras P. 

Droese, Ernest. B. Dec. 7, 1817. Or. Apr. 25, 1842. A. Dec. 
24, 1842. S. Ghazipur, 1842 ; Bhagalpur, 1850 ; Annfield and Mussouric, 
1885. H. to Germany, 1801-04. L. " Int aur Kore, " songs for children, 
and " Bag-i-Tassawar, " songs and hymns with music, both in Koman- 
Urdu (N. I, T. S., Allahabad): Gospels of St. Luke and St. John, in 
Malto (Bible Socy., Calcutta); Reading Primer, Malto (Bhagulpur): 
Introductitm to Malto Language, (C. M. S. Book Depot., Calcutta) ; 
Prayer Book, Malto, (C. M. S. Book De})6t, Calcutta). Ad. Anntield 
Mission, Kariihayh, Dehra Dun, N. W. P. 

DuRRANT, George B. Ar. 1870. S. Lucknow. Xow in Europe. 

Drummond, Marl. Or. 1882. Ad. Mecmt, N. W. P. 

Eales, Henry AVilliam. A. 1878. Now in Europe. 

Edwards, Thomas. Or. 1882. Ad. Simla. 

Elliott, Ernest Wriothesley. A. 1888. NouJ in Euwpe, 

Ellwood, John Price. A. 1871. S. Lucknow and (Ad.) Jubbitljmr, 



Church Missionuhy Society. 75 

Ephraim, Timothf. B. Sept. 25, 1835, in Madras. Or. Jan. 30-, 
1876, Deo. 21, 1.^81. S.. 1870-78, Mavalore and Valavuram, 1868-1883, 
labored in IVfauritius : 1R84, Poonamalli ; «ince pastor at {k(\.) Pali cat ^ 
Madras P. 

Erhardt, .Tamer. B. at Boennigheim, Wiirtemlierg, Germany. 
Or. 1848. Missionary to East Africa from 1841) to 1856. M. 1859. 
A. 1857. S. Bhagulpur, 1857-60: Benares, 1861-64: Lucknow, 
1864-67 : H. 1868-60. At Secundra (Agra) since 1870. W. has been 
both in Engl, and Ver. L. (1), A Vocahularii of the Masai Language, 
(Central Africa): (2), Urdu tSongs and Ht/mns ; translations from 
I'^ngl. and German. Ad. Secundra Orphanage, Agra. 

FiNNiMORE, A. K. Ar. 1885. Ad. Palameotfah, Madras P. 
Gahh, John. .Or. 1879. Ad. Madras. 
Ghose, Bhola Xath. Or. 1875. Ad. Karachi, Sindh. 
Onanamuttu, A. Or. 1869. Ad. Authoor, Madras P, 

GnanamuttUj Derasagat/am. B. in Tinnevellv, 1818. Or. April 4, 
1847, Feb. 11,1849. S.' Black Town, Madras, 1847-55 ; Chindatripet, 
1856 ; Dolinavur, 1857 ; 1857-78, Nelloor District, since 1878, 
Koviluttu. L. Translated into Tamil " Under the Microscope, " and 
*' Thornton's Commentary, " and wrote in Tamil — '' God's Portion :" 
Ad. Koriluttu, Madras P. 

GnanamuttUy V. Or. 1876 : Ad. Nedungulam, Madras P. 

Gnanai/utham, P. Or. 1879 : Ad. Sureshipuram, Do. 

Goldsmith, Henry D. Ar. 1880. Ad. Madras. 

Goldsmith, Malcolm George. B. at Woolwich, Kent, Jan. 5, 
1849. Or. by the P.ishop of Lon. in May, 1872. B. A. (Cantab). A. Nov. 
5, 1872. S. Madras: transferred to Calcntta in Nov. 1873: Bet. to 
Madras (Mohamedan Mission) in March, 1875. H. eight months in 
'1883. L. Translation of Scripture Catechism, etc. into Bakhani (R. T. 
S. Madras). Ad. Pof/apettah, Madras. 

Guilford, Edward. B. 1853, Portsea, Hants. Or. 1881. A. 
Dec. 1881. S. Amritsar, 1881-85. Ad. Tarn-Taran, Panjab. 

Guruhadham, Abraham. B. July, 17, 1845. Or. March 5, 1882, Dec. 
23, 1883. Ad. Vii'udupatti, Madras P. 

Gurubadharn, Isaac. B. 1843. Or. 1878. Ad. Palamcottah, 
Madras P. 

Hackett, Henry Monk Maron. A. 1877. Ad. AUahahad. 

Hall, John William. A. 1881. Ad. Krishn agar, Bengal. 

Hansda, Bhim. Or. 1878. Ad. TaJjhari, Bengal 

Harcourt, Vincent Ward. A. 1867. Ad. Palamcottah, Madras P. 

Harington, Charles Sumner. A. 1879. Ad. Calcutta. 

Harrison, John. A. 1867. Ad. Bezwada, Madras P. 

Jfastings, Thomas. Or. 1878. Ad. Palamcottah, Madras P. 

Herbert, Edward Palin. B. at Hythe, Kent, July 31, 1859. 
Or. 1884. A. Nov. 13, 1884. S. Jubbulpnr, Mandla. Ad. Mandla, C. P. 

Hodges, Edward Noel. B. 1849. Or. 1877. A. Nov. 1877^ 
In 1878 appointed Principal of Noble Col. Ad. Masidinatam, Madras p' 



76 Indian Missionary Dibectory. 

HoERNi.E, Tmmaxt^kl TuEorHiLus Harmann. a. 1878. Ad. 
Meerut, N. W. P. 

HoLDEN, THEorHiLr.>. B. at Bradford. Or. 1883. A. Nov. 1883. 
S. Peshawar, 1883-84: ; AEultaii, Oct. 1884. Ad. Multan, Panjah. 

Hooper, William. B. Sept. 27, 1847, ut East Harptree, 
Somerset, Eng. Ed. at Oxford: B. A. in 1859 ; ^I. A. in 1859. Or. May, 
1801, Nov. 1862. A. in Oct. 18(51 and was appointed to Benares. M. in 
Dec. 1862. Labored at ]>enares five years, cliieiiy in connection with the 
Jay Narain Col. Was transferred to the Cathedral Mission Col., 
Calcutta, at the close of \SCa). H. to Eng. at the close of 1868. AVhile 
in Eng. engaged in pastoral work. In 1872 Rt. and was re-appointed to 
Benares. Labored there until ISLirch, 1874, when lie succeeded Mr. 
French in cliarge of the Divinity Col. Lahore. In 1879 was transferred to 
Benares, to open the Divinity School, which in 1882 was removed to 
Allahabad. Ad. AUnhahad. 

Hoppei\ liaJ)>l,. B. in Tinnevelly, Aug. 10, 1838. Or. Jan. 31, 
1869, Jan. 30, 1873. Ad. MnKjuanapuram, Madras P. 

Hotcell, Thoiitas!. Or. 1.'"'82. Ad. Pind Dadan Khan, Panjah. 

haam-ud-Diu. (^r. 18()8. Received the degree of 1). D. in 1885. 
Ad, Amntsar. 

Jshaq Maid,-. Or. 1882. Ad. Dera Ismail Khan, Panjah. 

Jackson, Josrimi. Esq. A. 1867. Ad. Robert Money-School, 
Bomhay. 

Jaco, Kithi. Born at Kollatt, Aug 5, 1830 : Ed. in the Cottayam 
Col. Or. March 1, 1803, Dec. 1868. Ad. Changanachery^ Travancore. 

Jacoh, A. J. B. at Cottayam, May 16, 1842. Or. Dec. 24, 1871. 
Ad. Kannit, Travancore. 

James, Antoni/. B. in Dec. 1826. Ed. at Palamcottah and Madras. 
Or. Jan. 1866. Ad. UUranLotet, Madras P. 

Jeremi/, David. Or. 1808. Ad. Meerut, N. W. P. 
John, E. Varlchi. Or. 1879. Ad. Putupalli, Travancore- 

John, Jesudasen. B. Tranquebar, Dec 15, 1819. Or. Apr. 4, 1847. 
Ad. Palamcottah, Madras P. 

John, Samuel Or. 1880. Ad. Madras. 
Johnson, John James. Ar. 1879. Ad, Benares. 
Johnson, William P. Ar. 1882. Ad. Mandla, C. P. 
Jones, P. J. Ar. 1885. Ad. Krishnagar, Bengal. 
Joseph, Poten. Or. 1872. Ad. OJesha, Travancore. 

Jukes, Andrew. B. Ontario, Can., May 15, 1847. Qualificationf, 
L. R. CM., L. R. C.P., L. S. A. Medical work in Lon. 1809, in 
Halifax, 1870-73. A. Dec. 1878. L. Gospels of St. Mark and St. 
Luke and Epistle to Galatians translated into iMnltani (net 3'et published.) 
Ad. Dera Ghazi Khan, Panjah. 

Jukes, Worthington. B. in Canada, Jan. 1849. M. A. Trinity 
Col. Camb. Or. in 1872. A. Nov, 1872. S. Amritsar till Oct. 1873, 



Church Missionary Society, 77 

since, Peshawar. L. engaged in the translation of tlie Pentateuch 
into Pashtu. Ad. Feshawar. 

Kember, Thomas. A. 1865. Now in Europe. 

Kharsadji, Sorahji. Or. 1880, Ad. Jnmirj Bomhay P. 

KxowLEs, James Hinter. B. London. Or. 1880, 1881. A. 1881. 
S. Kangra, 1881, Pesliawar, 1881-82, Hazara, 1882-83, Kashmir, 1888. 
L. Author of a Dictionary of Kashmiri Proverbs and Sayings. A(i. 
Srinagar, Kashnir. 

KoJdhojf'y John. Or. 1882. Ad. TlnneveUy, Madras P. 

Korata, Kimengheri. Or. 1868. Ad. ThaJawadi, Tiavancore. 

Ko^Id, Koshi. Or. 1866. Ad. Cottayam, Travancore. 

Kriskaayya, Gaiwgapati. B. 1838.'Or. 1871, 1874. Ad. FMore, 
Madras P. 

KurruweUa, KurrmceUa. Or. 1860. Ad. Cochu, Travancore. 

Kimuicella, W. C. Or. 1882. Ad. Melhiru, Travancore. 

Lalf Katwaru. Or. 1878. Ad. Benares. 

Latham, William. A. 1882. Ad. Luchnow. 

Levi, Aman Masih. B. at Benares, Nov. 18,1851. Or. Feb. 
1, 1878, Dec. 21, 1881. Translated into Koman-Urdu " Holy Week," 
and composed in Boman-Urdu *' Tarbiat Titian." Ad. Benares. 

Lewis, Henry. A. 1881. Ad. Secundra, N. W. P. 

Lewis, Arthur. B. Clifton, Bristol, June 18, 1854. Ed. Queen's 
Col. Oxford. Or. Sept. 28, 1877, Sept. 22,1878. A. Dec. 1878. Ad. 
Dejri Ghazi Khan, Panjab. 

Litchfield, George. A. 1888. Ad. Kherwara, C- P. 

Macartney, Frederick Graham. B. Jan. 80, 1850, at Ports- 
mouth, Eng. Or. j\Iay 81, 1874, Jan. 1, 1878. A. Dee. 1874. S. Nasik, 
1875, Malegaon, 1881-88. Since, Sharanpur, Nasik. Ad. AV«fc, ^owi- 
hay P. 

MaJoha, Lucas. Or. 1870. Ad. Nasik, Bombay. P. ' 

Marncn, Owen. B. Mar. 24, 1880, in Travancore. Or. 1856, 1850. 
L. Several Mayalalam tracts. Ad. MaveWcara, Travancore. 

Manwaring, Alfred. B. Broadwater, Eng., 1855. Or. June 8, U70. 
A. Dec. ], 1870. Ad. Malegam, Bombay P, 

Masdlamam, S. Or. 1874. Ad. Edeiyankulam, Madras P. 

Masill((mani, Satnuel. Or. \f^7(^. Ad. Tharmanagaram, Madras P. 

Mayer, Thos. Jno. Lee. B. at Newcastle Staffs, Oct. 17, 1844. 
Called to the ministry in 1866, .at Queensland : Or. 1872 by the Bisljop of 
Canterbury, at Lambeth ; in 1874, by tlie Bishop of Calcutta, at 
Allahabad. Was engaged in ministerial labor at Aldershot Hants, 
before coming to I. A. Feb. 1878. S. Amritsar and Bunnoo. W. Eng. 
and Yer. (Pushto). M. Sept. 18, 1875. Ad. Bunnoo, Derajat. 

Merk, Charles Heman. B. Dec. 20, 1855, at Kangra. Ed. at 
Basel and Leipzig (Ph. D.) Or. 1880,1881. A. 1881. S.Peshawar, 
1881, Vice Principal Divinity Col., Lahore, 1882-83 ; Quetta, 1884, 
Pind Dadan Klian, 1885. L. " Dissertation on Clement of Alexandria 
(Leipzig, 1879). Ad. Pind Dadan Khan, Panjab, 



7^, K^DTAN Missionary Directory, 

Mohm, Dari<l B, atClmnar, 1811. Or. 1859. M. 1811 Ila* 
labored in preaching and in teaching; at present ])a>ror of Native 
Church, Allaliabad. Translated two sermons on [nrant lidptism ; 
also several stories from " Ac/dthos"' and " Sprin// Moruinif (publisli- 
ed in Urdu and Homan-L'rJn, and obtaini\ble of the translator). 
Ad. AJlahahad. 

NalUithamhi, Jacob. Or. 1883. Ad. Pu)imkuhim.MwJrn.^ P. 

NallarJiamhi, John. Or. 18.59. Ad. Achampaiti, Do. 

Nallathamhi, Jf. (^r. 1882. A<1. Ootacamuud, Do. 

Nalhithimhi, S. Or. 1871, Ad. Maruthal-nJam, Do. 

XaiJi, Dina. Or. 1881. Ad. TjaJwre. 

Keeve, Arthur. B. 18r)8, Brigliton, Eng. Ed. Eilinliurgli Univ. 
and B. C. S., L. B. C. P. and 8., Ed. 1880 ; V. U. C. 8. 1881. A. 1881. 
In charge of Mission Hospital, Kashmir, L. Articles in Medical Journals. 
Ad. Kashmir. 

Neeve, Clement Alfred. B. 1818, Brighton, Eng. Or. 1870. A. 
1870. 8. Prin. C. M. S. Col. Ad. Cottat/am, Trurancore. 

Norman, Alfred GEOR<iE. A. 1883. Ad. Amntsar, Panjah. 

Noicro/i, Jiuttonji. B. Oct. 18, 1838, at Alimednagar. Baptized at 
Sharanpnr/.lune 26,1800. M. Oct. 22, 1861. Or. June 12, 1870, April 
], 1872. Labored as lay pastor at Sharanpur for twelve years : as mis- 
sionary catechist at Yeola two years. In charge of the Aurungabad 
mission since June,. 1870. W, chiefly Yer. L. A. translation into 
Marathi of Bishop Wilson's "Paraphase of the Lord's Prayer" (De- 
pository 8. P. C. K., Bombay). Ad. Auruiiqahad, Deccan. 

Padfield, JosERii Edwin. Or. 1868,1870. A. Dec. 1808. H. 
1870-78. L. in Telugu (1)" Paley s Evidences," 1882 ; (2) Commentary 
on N. T. in 4 Vols. Vol. I issued in April 188.5, Vol II in Mar. 1880, 
Vol. Ill in press, Vol. IV. in preparation, Prin. C. M. 8. training 
Inst, at (Ad.) MasuVipatam, Madras P. 

- ■ Painter, Arthur Frederick. x\. Nov. 1877. Or. 1877, 1880. 
Ad. Arriaiiy Travancore. 

PaldanmUiam, Jamex Harris, B. Pragasapuram, Aug. 7, 1842. Or. 
Sept. 22, 1878, March, 1881,. Ad. Mengnanaptiram, Madras P. 

Falii<(iiadhan, John. Or. 1878. Ad. Arumuganeri, Madras P. 

Pakhaiiathan, F. Y. Or. 188'). Ad. Madathupatti, Madras P. 

Panes, J. B. Ar. 1883. Ad. Raghavapuram, Madras P. 

Paroiter, George E. A. Ar. 1888. Prin. St. dobn's Col., Agra. 
Ad. Agra. 

Parker, Henry Perpott. A. 1878. Now in Europe. 

Parsons, Ge( roe Henry. A. 1870. Ad. Chapra, Bengal. 

Paul, Joshua. Or. 1883. Ad. Anandapuram, Madras P. 
■,. ■ Tiiul, Samuel. B. in Tinnevelly, in 1844. Or. Oct. 1874. S. Pastor, 
Ootacamund and Madras. L. (in Tamil) ** History of the Cburch of 
England," ■•History of the Book of Common Prayer," " Geography 
.of Madra.s Ziilah," •• Geography of Neilgherries," " Pilgrim's Progress," 
" The Bojijl Bounty," " The Royal Commandments," etc, etc ; a numln^r 
of original tracts, pamphlets, and haud-biUs, and a number of translations 



Church Missionary Bociety. 79^. 

for Madra-8 Tract Society and for the C. V. E. S. Ad. JJlacldoicn, 
Madra>i. 

Peel, William George. B. in 1854: at Dugsiiai, I. Or. June, 1870. 
A. Dec. 1880. S. Noble Col., Masulipatani, at present acting Prin. Ad- 
Masulipatam, Madras P. 

Peter, D. A. Or. 188o. Ad. Poonanudec, Madras P. 

Peter, K. Or. 188Jt. Ad. Ellore, Madras P. 

Perinham, David. B. Padiigapat, Tiimevelly, 1883. Or. Jan. 31, 
18(19, Jan. 30, 1876. S. Anandapuraui, 1800, Satt])ianagaraiii, 188o. 
Ad. Sattluanagaram, Madras P. 

Perupattan, Swamiadiau. Or. 1881. Ad. Koflcnkuh/n, Madras P, 
Ram, Madho. Or. 1860. Ad. Jahulpur, C. P. 
ll((senthiram, Abraham. Or. 18G0. Ad. Koiujarat/ahurichi. Mad- 
ras P. 

Rasenthiram, David, Or. 1860. Ad. Manariantatu, Madras P. 

Ratiiam, Manchala. Or. 1804. Ad. Masulipatam, Madras P. 

Razu, I. Venkatarania. Or. 1872. Ad. Dumina<jud'^m, Madras P. 

Kedmax, Joseph. B. Overtown, Swindon, Eng* April 4, 1855. 
Ed. at C. M. S. Col., Islington. Or. June 8, 1870. Curate of Christ 
Church, Wellington, 1870. A. Dec. o, 1880. Ad. Hyderabad, Sindli. 

Richard, J. Or. 1874. Ad. Dehra Doon, N. W. P. 

Richards, William Joseph. A. 1871. Ad. Cottayam, Trarancore. 

lioBERTHAN, S. Ar. 1885, Ad. Luchwiv. 

KoBERTH, Wilson Aylesbury. B. Feb. 12, 1846, at Ledbury, 
Herefordshire, Eng. Entered Islington, Jan, 1866. Or. Mav 28, 
1800, April 25, 1871. A. Nov. 21, 1860. S. Kurrachee, 1800 : Berham- 
pur, 1871 ; Malligaum, 1872. Xow ia Europe. 

Kountree, Henry. A. 1881. Now in Europe. 

Ridra. Piyari Mohun. B. April 18, 1880, in Bengal. Or. April 4, 
1874, Dec, 20. 1874. S.Calcutta, 1874-82, since Burdwan. L. Edited 
R ver. ^Ingazine, " Artaisai" two years. Ad. Burdwaa, Bengal. 

S'tbbaro//((di(. A. Or. 1885, Ad. Amalapur, Madras P. 
Hadiq, Mian. Or. 1875. Ad. Amritsar, Panjah. 
S'finuel, Abraham. Or. 1870. Ad. Paueidipatti, Madras P. 
Samuel, Isaac. Or. 1809. Ad. Anukragapuram, Do. 
Samuel, Perpettaa. Or. 1874. Ad. Suriseshapuram, Do. 
Santer, Arthur J. Ar. 1882. Ad. Krishnayar, liengal, 
Sau'hsham, S. Or. 1870. Ad. Surandei, Madras P. 
Sarguuam, Vedauayam. Or. 1888. Ad. Panvikulam, Do. 
Sarkuuam, Gnaiiamuttu. Or. 1878. Ad. Paneirilei, Madras P. 
Satkianadhan, Sarkunem. Or. 1882. Ad. Xallur, Madras P. 

Sathiatuulhau, WHUaui Tliomas. B. .in Madura, Oct. 12, 1880. 
Was converted in July, 1847, as the result of etlucation received in the 
mission school at Palamcottah ; baptized tlie same year. M. Feb. 10, 
1849. Or. Dec. 18, 1850, Dec. 1802 : in March, 1808, was trans- 
ferred to Madras, where he has since labored iu conuection with tho 



80 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Southern Pastorate. L. (1) A Churcli History iii English (out uf 
priut) ; (2) A large Church History in Tamil, procurable at the Deposi- 
tory of the 0. K. Society, IMatlras : (3.) A Commentary on the N. T. 
in Tamil, on tlie basis of the Tract Society's Annotated Paragraph N. T. 
(R. T. S. Depot, Madras). Ad. Madras. 

Savarimnttu, Arulandani, Or. 1883. Ad. KaUatikinaru, Madras V. 

Sai'an'roi/a, Madnrendhiram. Or. 1851. Nallainal/niram, Madras P, 

SoHAFFTEii, Hknry J. Ar. 1877. Ad. Tinnevelhi, Madras P. 

Seal, Modhu Sudan. B. o? Hindu parents in Calcutta, about 1815. 
Ed. at the Gen. Assembly's Inst, at Calcutta, and partly at Bishop's Col., 
Howrah. Baptized at Cawnpore in I80G. Or. in Bombay, 1855. 
Transferred to Calcutta and appointed to Kidderpore, 1860: Batan- 
pur and Juginda in 1862. Be-appointed to Kidderpore in 1865. L. 
*' English and Hindustani ManuuV : Baptist Mission Press, Calcutta. 
Ad. Kid/ferpore, Bengal. 

Sehancjnanajn, J. Or. 1876. Ad. Palamcottah, Madras P. 

Seetal, William. B. at Arrah, 1. Jan. 1847. Or. Dec. 1881, Dec. 
1884. S. Agra. L. ** Hindoo Festivals and Fasts," *'Mohamedan Festi- 
vals and Fasts." Ad. Agra. 

Sell, Edward. Or. 18(U, 1807. A. 1865. Ed. B. 1). (Lambeth). 
S. Madras, Head Master, Harris Scliool ; 1881 Secy., Cor. Com,, Mad- 
ras. L. " The Faith of Islam'' (Eng.) ; Higjjiubotham and Co., Madras : 
" Ilm-i-Tajwid," Eng. and Arabic ; Persian and Urdu Grammars ; 
Persian Idioms, with translation, various Hindustani and Persian 
school books. H. Mar. 1876 to Dec. 1877. Ad. Egniore, Madras. 

Selvanai/atjam, Jaganadan. Or. 1882. Ad. Sanlcaranainarkoil, 
Madras P. 

Shah, Jnvim. B. about 184U in the Amritsar district. Baptized 
in 1862 (parents Mohamelans), and appointed to Peshawar as 
catechist. Or. Dec. 15, 1872, Nov. 28, 1875. Pastor of Native church 
at (Ad.) Peshawar, Panjah. 

Shields, Arthur J. Or. 1882. A. Dec. 1882. S. Godda. Ad. 
Godda, Bengal. 

SuiRKEFF, FuAKcis ARCHIBALD Pattullo. B. at Cliiusurah, Feb. 
7,1848. Or. 1872,1873. A. Dec 1873. Tutor in St. John's Divinity 
School, Lahore, from 1874-78, since Feb. 1871), Principal of said Inst. L. 
Translation of Abridgement of "the Pastoral Rule of Gregory the 
Great" (Urdu) : Panjab Rel. Book Socy. Ad. Lahore, Panjab. 

Sido, William. Or. 1878. Ad. Bahawa, Bengal. 

Simeon, John. Or. 1869. Ad. Tiruvarungapatti, Madras P. 

Simeon, Luke. Or. 1870. Ad. Dohiiavur, Bo, 

Simeon, Vedanaiiagam. Or. 1865. Ad. Nallur, Do. 

Solomon, Davi. Or. 1850. Ad. Lucknow. 

Solomon, Ncemi. Or. 1884. Ad. Aligarh, N. W. P. 



Church Missionary Society. 61 

Squires, Henry Charles. A. 1870. Now in Europe. 

Squires, Iioeert Alfred. A. 1870. Ad. Bombay. 

Stark, Alfred. B. in Calcutta, July 11, 1834. M. in 1857. 
Or. in 1870. S. Doveton Col., Calcutta, March, 1856, to Dec. 1866 ; As- 
sistant Sec. C. M. S. Calcutta, Feb. 1867 to June. 1869 ; from July, 
1860, to Feb. 1872, Taljhari ; from March, 1872, to Jan. 1879, 
Godda. Ad. Bhagaya, Bengal. 

Stephen, D. Or. 1884. Ad. Baghavapuram, -Madras P. 

Stephen, David. B. Tinnevelly, 1831. Or. Jan. 3l, 1869, Dec. 24, 
1871. Ad. Satthanlcalam, Madras P. 

Stern, Henrv. B. at Karlsruke, Germany. Or. 1850, 1853. 
A. 1851. S. Benares, 1851-53, since, Gorakhpur. L. Translated '' BeJi- 
gious Anecdotes'' (Urdu) ; Mirzapur Orphan Press : " Ilistory of the 
Kings of Jadah and IsraeV (Urdu) ; N. I. Tract Society's Depot, 
Allahabad. " Catechism of the Christian Beligion'' (Roman Urdu), 
to be had from the author : " Companion to the Holi/ Communion' 
(Roman-Urdu) to be had from the author. H. June, 1860, to Mar. 
1862, and Apr. 1878 to Feb. 1880. Ad. Gorahhpur, N. W. P, 

Stone, James. A. 1876. Now in Europe. 

Stuart, John W. Ar. 1862. Do. 

Sicamidasen, Suviseshamuttu. B. Jan. 1836 in Tinnevelly. Or. 
Sejit. 25, 1870, Oct. 12, 1874. Ad. Surandei, 3[adras P. 

TisDALL, W. T. St. Clair. A. 1885. Ad. Lahore. 

Tharien, Jacob. Or. 1856. 11. 1883. Ad. Mavelilcara, Travancore. 

Tharmalcan, F. Or. 1876. Ad. Pularanur, Madras P. 

Thomas, Chandapilla. Or. 1872. Ad. Olesha, Tratancore. 

Thomas, John Davis. A. 1863. Now in Europe. 

Thompson, Charles Stewart. B. Easington, Durham, Eng. 
June 2Q, 1851. Or. June 11, 1880, Sept. 10, 1880. A. Nov. 19, 
1880. Appointed to labor among Bhils. Ad. Kherwara, Bajputana. 

Thwaites, William. A. 1871. Ad. Dera Ismail Khan, Panjab, 

Tohit, Benjamin. Or. 1882. Ad. Basharatpur, Gorakhjrur, N. W. P. 

Treusch, John. A. 1860. Now in Europe. 

TuNBRiDGE, James. B. at Bath, Somerset, 1840. Or. 1877. A. 
1879. S. Pathra, 1870, Bhagaya, 1879; Hirampur, 1885. H. 1882-84. 
Ad. Hirampur, Bengal. 

Vedakan, S. Or. 1876. Ad. Eral, Madras P. 
. Vedamuttu, Aaron. Or. 1860. S. Mengnanapuram, Madras P. 

Vedanayagam, D. Or. 1872. Ad. AnuLragapurarn, Do. 

Vedanayagam, Thomas. B. 1825. Baptized 1830. Or. 1860, 1871. 
Ad. Vellalanvelei, Madras P. 

Vedanayagam, V. B. 1828. Or. 1850. L. several vols, in Tamil. 
Ad. Vageilculam, Madras P. 

Viravagu, Devanayagam. Or, 1850, Ad. Mengnanapuiam,Mad. P, 

Vores, Samuel. Or. 1880. Ad. Polsanapalli, Madras P. 

Wade, Thomas Russell. A. 1863. Ad. Amritsar, Panjab, 

Walker, T. Ar. 1885. Ad. Pcdamcottah, Madras P. 

Walton, Frank Edward. A. 1881. Now in Europe, 



82 Indian Mibsionaby Directoey. 

Weber, George Henry. A. 18G0. Ad. Bhagalpur, Bengal. 

Weitbrecht, PIerbert Udny. B. in London, Jan. 24, 1851. Ed. at 
Tubingen (Ph. D. 1873). Or. 1874, 1875. A. Dec. 1876. S. to Dec. 1883, 
Asst. Missy., Vice Prin. and Prin, St. Jolm's Divinity School, Lahore : 
t[an. 1884 to present Prin. Boys' BoardiDg School, Batala. L. Transl. 
(German to Engl.) Christlieb's '* Modern Doubt and Christian Belief :" 
original, *'Masihi-ku-jisni " (Sermon on Purity) : classified catalogue of 
Urdu Christian Literature. H. 1880. Noiv in Europe. 

Williams, Henry. B. Oct. 4, 1853, at OsAvestiy Shropshire. Or. 
Dec. 1876, Dec. 1878. A. Nov. 27, 1877. S. Ballabpur, 1878 ; 
Krishnaghar, 1880. A(\ Ballahjna; Krishnaghar, Bengal. 

Williams, John. Or. 1872. Ad. Tanh, Punjab. 

Williamson, Henry Drummond. B. Dec. 17, 1864, at Alvaston, 
Derbyshire. B. A. Christ Col. Camb. Or. 1877, 1879. A. Feb. 1878. 
Ad. Mandla, C. P. 

Wirghese, PuUnelanatlia. Or. 18G8. Ad. Kannanlmlan, Travancore. 

Wright, Albert Henry. A. 18G4. Ad. Benares. 

Yesudian, Gnanamuttu. B. 1831, in Tinnevelly. Or. Jan. 26, 1873, 
Jan. 30, 187G. Ad. Sivalasamuthiram, Madras P. 

Yesitdian, Tuclcer. Or. 1878. Ad. Kvjjpajniram, Madras P. 

Zenker, P. M., Esq. Joined in I. 1809. Ad. 3Iuttra, N. W. P. 



Church Missionahy Society. 

DECEASED AND KETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



83 



Names, 



Arrival. 



Field of labor. 



Death, Withdrawal, or 
Retirement. 



J. 0. Schnarre 
C. T. E. Rhenius ' 

C. G. Schroeter 
W. Greenwood 
T. Norton 

B. Bailey 
T. Dawson 

D. Schmid 

L. B. E. Schmid 

J. Adlington 

H. Baker 

G. T. Barenbruck 

J. Fenn 

J. A. Jetter 

W. J. Deerr 

T. Morris 

B. LaRoche 

J. Perownc 

J. Ridsdale 

R. Kenney 

1. Wilson 

W. Sawyer 

J. Maisch 

T. Reichardt 

M. Wilkinson 

J. F. Beddy 

S. Ridsdale 

J. W. Doran 

W. Mitchell 

J. Steward 

J. Kindlinger 

J. C. F. Winckler 

V. P. Schaffter 
J. Latham 

C. Friend 

R. Eteson 

J. B. More wood 

C. P. Farrar 

J. B. Dixon 

R. V. Reynolds 

T. Sandys 

C. Blackman 

J. Marsh 

W. Smith 

J. J. Weitbrecht 

J. C. Thompson 

P. Fjellstedt 

H. C. Kruckeberg 

J. J. Mailer 

W, ]\Iorse 

J. Haberliu 



^ 2>a ,f5 i1 ; § ^. 



1814 


Palamcottah. 


1814 


Tinnevelly. 


1815 


Titalya. 


1815 


Chuuar. 


1815 


Allepie . 


181G 


Cottaj^am. 


1816 


Cochin. 


1817 


Calcutta. 


1817 


Mayaveram. 


1817^ 


Benares. 


1818 


Travancore. 


1818>, 
1818^ 


Madras. 


Cottayam. 


1820 


Burdwan. 


1820 


Ditto. 


1820 


Benares. 


1820 


Ditto. 


1820 


Burdwan. 


1820 


Madras. 


1820 


Bombay. 


1821 


Madras. 


1822 


Ditto. 


1822 


Burdwan. 


1822 


Calcutta. 


1823 


G oruckpore. 


1824 


S. India. 


1824 


Cochin. 


1825 


Cottayam. 


182(5 


Bombay. 


1820 


Ditto"! 


1827 


Pulicat. 


1827 


Tinnevelly. 


1827 


Ditto. 


1827 


Calcutta. 


1828 


Chunar. 


1828 


Ditto. 


1828 


Madras. 


182l» 


Xasik. 


1821> 


Ditto. 


1829 


Burdwan. 


1830 


Calcutta. 


1830 


Madras. 


1830 


Ditto. 


1830 


Goruckpore. 


1830 


Burdwan. 


1830 


Calcutta. 


1831 


Tinnevelly. 


1831 


Krishnaghar 


1831 


Madras. 


1832 


N. India. 


1832 


Bui"dwau, 



D. October, 1820. 

D. June. 1838. 

D. July. 1820. 

D. 1839. 

D. August, 1840. 

R. 1850, D. April; 1871. 

D. February, 1828. 

D. December, 1829. 

R. 1837, D. October, 1857. 

W. 1828. 

D. July, 18G6. 

D. May, 1833. 

W. 1826, D.January, 1878. 

R. July, 1840. 

R. December, 1842. 

W. January, 1829. 

D. August, K21. 

W. September, 1827. 

D. August. 1831. 

W. June, 1826. 

D. September, 1828. 

D. January, 1832. 

D. August, 1825. 

W. July, 1828. 

D. November, 1848. 

W. January, 1826. 

D. October, 1840. 

R. 1830, D.1862. 

R. 1834, D. 1870. 
W. August, 1828. 

D. December, 1829. 

R. June. 1834. 

D. December, 1861. 

W. 1830, D.Nov. 1879. 

D. June, 1829. 

R. November, 1830. 

W. April, 1835. 

W. May, 1847. 

D. January, 1846. 

R. September, 1836. 

D. November, 1871. 

R. February, 1842. 

D. May, 1831. 

D. January, 1875. 

D. March, 1852. 

R. 1842. 

R. July, 1840. 

D. February, 1860. 

D. March, 1843. 

R. Julv, 1836. 

R. January, 1838. 



84 



Indian Missionaky DirvEcioRY. 



Names. 




Death. Withdrawal, or 
Ketirement. 



J. C. G. Knorpp 
C. B. Leupolt 
J. T. Lincke 
C. W. Isenberg 
J. Peet 
G. Pettitt 
J. Tucker 
H. Snashall 
"W. J. Woodcock 
J. Lechler 
F. J. DeKozario 
T. H. Applegate 
H. Hailcy 
C C. Menge 
C. F. AVarth 
J. Thomas 

F. Wybrow 
J. H. Grmy 
J. Johnson 
T. J. Norton 
J. N. Norgate 
J. J. H. Elonis 

G. M. A'^alentine 
W. T. Humphrey 
F. E. Schneider 
J. S. S. Robertson 
J. C. Barclay 

C. T. Hoernlc 
C. Stone 
" C. K. Blumhardt 
J. Innes 
C. T. Krauss 
C. W. Lipp 
F. Rogers 
>^. Hobbs 
A. H. Alexander 
C. J. Taylor 
C. G. Pfander 

F. A. Kreiss 
J. P. Menge 
J. Chapman 

J. Hawksworth 
J. F. Osborne 
J. Baumann 
J. C. Wendnagel 
R. P. Noble 
H. W. Fox 
K. Hawes 
J. G. Symes 
J. T. Tucker 
S. Hobbs 

G. 8tolzenberg 
J. D. Prochnow 



1832 


Benares. 


1832 


Ditto. 


1832 


Krishnaghar. 


1832 


Bombay. 


1833 


Travancore. 


1833 


Tiuneyelly. 


1833 


Madras. 


1833 


Ditto. 


1834 


Cottar am. 


1834 


Tinnevelly. 


1834 


Agurpara. 


1835 


Ditto. 


183(? 


Cochin. 


1836 


Bombay. 


1836 


Nasik. 


1836 


Tinnevelly. 


1837 


Calcvitta. 


1837 


Madras. 


1837 


Travancore. 


1837 


Madras. 


1837 


Calcutta. 


1838 


Madras. 


1838 


Bombay. 


1838 


Travancore. 


1838 


Agra 


1838 


Bombay. 


1838 


Madras. 


1838 


Annfield. 


1839 


Nasik. 


1839 


Krishnaghar. 


1839 


Ditto. "^ 


1839 


Ditto. 


1839 


Ditto. 


1839 


Mayaveram. 


1839 


Tinnevelly. 


1839 


Culna. 


1839 


Mayaveram. 


1840 


Agra. 


1840 


Goruckpore. 


1840 


Ditto. 


1840 


Travancore. 


1840 


Ditto. 


1840 


Calcutta. 


1840 


Benares 


1840 


Goruckpore. 


1841 


Masulipatara 


1841 


Ditto. 


ISil 


.Tounpore. 


1841 


Madras. 


1842 


Tinnevelly. 


1842 


Ditto. 


1842 


Benares. 


1843 


Kotgarh. 



D. March, 1838. 

R. 1872, D. Dec. 16, 1884. 

D. March, 1868. 

D. October, 18(i4. 

D. August, 186.5. 

W. Jaiiuarv, 1855. 

R. March. 'l847. D. 1873. 

R. .January. 1834. 

R. November, 1840. 

R. June. 1835. 

R. 1880. 

D. November, 1837. 

R. 1861. 

R. June, 1874. 

D. May, 1842. 

D. March. 1870. 

D. June. 1840. 

R. April. 1847. 

D. Mav, 1846. 

R. 1840. 

W. 1842. 

R. Januarv. 1849. 

D. July, 1844. 

R. November, 1841. 

R. March. 1875. 

R. May, 1877. 

W. 1840. 

D. June 7, 1882. 

R. 1840. 

R. April, 1877. 

R. February, 1851. 

D. October; 1849. 

R. January, 1856. 

R. February, 1841. 

R. 1880. 

D. 1845. 

D. April, 1851. 

D. December. 1865. 

D. June, 1856. 

D. September, 1878. 

D. December, 1862. 

J). January. 1863. 

W.February, 1847, 

D. August, ^1843. 

D. December, 1846. 

D. October, 1865. 

D. October, 1848. 

R. January, 1849. 

R. August, 1857. 

D. Juiv, 1866. 

R. Nov. 1862. 

D. 1845. 

R. 1858. 



Church Missionaky SociEtY. 



»5 



1 
Names. 


Arrival. 


1 
Field of labor. 

1 


Death. Withdrawal, or 
Retirement. 


E.Johnson 


1843 


N. India. 


R. September, 1858. 


H. Baker, Jr. 


1843 


Travancore. • 


D. November, 1878. 


H.Mellon 


1843 


Bombay. 


R. July, 1844. 


J. J. Muhlheiseu 


1844 


Ditto. 


R. May, 1848. 


P. L. Sandberg 


1844 


Benares. 


R. January, 1849. 


E. Kevnolds 


1844 


Krishnaghar. 


R. September. 1846. 


D. Hechler 


1S44 


Chunar. 


R. 1851, D. 1878. 


J. T. G. Barenbruck 


1844 


Tinnevelly. 


D. March, 1859. 


B. Geidt 


1845 


Burdwan. 


R. Feb. 1862. 


A. Dredge 


1845 


Bombay. 


D. June, 1846. 


E. Newman 


1845 


Tinnevelly. 


R. 1850, D. 1880. 


C. J. Rhenius 


1845 


Ditto. 


R. March. 1851. 


G. G. Cuthbert 


184() 


Calcutta. 


D. October, 1861. 


T. G. Eagland 


184(3 


Madras. 


D. October, 1858. 


F. Schurr 


1846 


Burdwan. 


T'd. to Mauritius, 1873. 


C. Bomwetsch 


1846 


Santipore. 


W.July, 1877. 


J. Spratt 


1846 


Tinnevelly. 


D. September, 1854. 


E. L. Allnutt 


1S46 


Ditto. 


R. October, 1847. 


R. M. Lamb 


1847 


Meerut. 


D. June, 1857. 


E.Rogers 


1847 


Nasik. 


D.July, 1865. 


A. Acheson 


1847 


Goruckporc. 


R. February, 1853. 


S. Hasell 


1847 


Krishnaghar. 


D. June, 1879. 


J. Fuchs 


1847 


Benares. 


D. March, 1878. 


M. J. Wilkinson 


1847 


Benares. 


R. 1854, D. 1873. 


T. Jerrom 


1847 


Bombay. 


D. Mav, 1851. 


G. F. H. Ansorge 


1847 


Krishnaghar. 


R. 1855. 


T. Y. Darling 


1847 


Masulipatam. 


R. 1877. 


J. Harding 


1848 


Travancore. 


R.July, 1854. 


W. Clark 


1848 


Tinnevelly. 


TransU to Ceylon, 1868. 


G. English 


1849 


Masulipatam. 


R. September, 1858. 


T. Fonlkes 


1849 


Tinnevelly. 


R. November, I860. 


W. S. Price 


1849 


Nasik. 


R. July, 1876. 


C. F. Reuthcr 


1849 


Kangra. 


D. January, 1879. ' 


T. K. Nicholson 


1850 


Masulipatam. 


R. September. 1854. 


G. Candv 


1850 


Bombay. 


R. 1857. D. 1869. 


C. C. T. Schreiber 


IS 50 


1 Kurrachee. 


R. 1852. 


J. G. Benttler 


1850 


j Travancore. 


R. 1867. 


J. Whitechurch 


1850 


1 Tinnevelly. 


D. Januar}', 1871. 


T.V.French 


1850 


Agra. 


Bishop of Lahore. 


E.C.Stuart 


1850 


Do. 


Trans'd. 1877. 


J. N. Merk 


1850 


Kotghar. 


, D. October, 1874. 


8. Bost 


1850 


1 Krishnaghar. 


: R. February, 1853. 


J. J. Meyer 


1850 


! Ditto. 


R. February, 1853. 


T. H. Fitzpatrick 


1851 


i Anuitsar. 


D. February, 1861. 


AV. Wilkinson 


1851 


i Benares. 


1 R. 1856. 


A. Matchett 


1852 


1 Kurrachee. 


R. August, 1863. 


D. Fenn 


1852 


^Madras. 


D. October. 1878. 


R.R. Meadows 


1852 


Sivagasi. 


R. 1882. 


C. F. Cobb 


1852 


1 Benares, 


' R. 1859. 


A. P. Neelc 


1852 


j Burdwan. 


R. March, 1876. 


J. Pickford 


1852 


1 Tinnevelly. 


j Trans'd. 1854. 


N.J. Moody 


1852 


Madras. 


D. Julv, 1858. 


H. D. Hubbard 


1853 


Benares. 


R. Apiil, 1876. 



86 



Indian Missionary Directory. 



Names. 




Death, Withdrawal, or 
Ketirement. 



A. H. Frost 
A. Davidson 

E. Trumpp 
P. Goodall 

C. J. Batstone 
W. Wright 
A. Strawbridge 
J. Leighton 
A. Medland 
C. Every 
C. F. Schwartz 
R. Collins 
L. Craddock 
James Vaughn 
J. A. L. Stern 

A. Dibb 
H. Dixon 
S. Dyson 
H. Andrews 
W. J. Ball 

B. H. Vickers 
A. B. Valpy 
G. Walker 

r. 8. Royston 
A. Burn 

F. Goodall 
W. T. Storra 
J. Grit ton 

R. P. Greaves 
J. A. McGarthy 

C. Tanner 

H. C. Milward 
T. Tuting 
T. G. Gaster 
H. W. Shackell 
E. Champion 
P. G, Ansorge 

D. Fyncs- Clinton 
J. H. Wilkinson 
T. Spratt 

R. Galbraith 
L. Hofer 
R. BruGC 
J. L. Knight 
W.Gray 
T. E. Hallett 
A. Lock wood 
J. H. Buncher 
W. B. Cole 
J. B. Archer 
R. C. Macdonald 
R. E. Clark 
6. Attlee 



1853 


Nasik. 


R. 1875. 


1853 


Bombay. 


W.1866. 


1854 


Scindh. 


R. 1859, D. 1885. 


1854 


Ditto. 


D. April, 1861. 


1854 


Krishnaghar. ' 


R. Januarv, 1857. 


185t 


Agra. 


R. April, 1867. 


1854 


Amritsar. 


R. Mav, 1865. 


1854 


Agra. 


R. February. 1860. 


1854 


Meerut. 


W. February, 1861. 


1854 


Tiuiievelly, 


D. August, 1857. 


1854 


Juuir. 


D. August, 1878. 


1854 


Cottayam. 


R. January, 1880. 


1854 


Madras. 


R. November, 1859. 


1855 


Calcutta. 


D. January 21, 1882. 


1855 


Ditto. 


R. 1877. 


1855 


Tinnevelly. 


D. October. 1876. 


1855 


Ditto. 


W. Julv, 1871. 


1855 


Calcutta. 


R. March, 1878. 


1855 


Allepie. 


D. October, 1866. 


1855 


Puujab. 


R. 1875. 


1855 


Travancorc. 


R. February, 18(;0. 


1855 


Tinnevelly. 


R. February, 1861. 


1855 


Madras. 


R. February. 1866. 


1855 


Ditto. 


R. Julv. 1871. 


1850 


Sciudh. 


R. 1871. 


1856 


Masujipatam. 


R. May, 1868, 


1856 


Lucknow, etc. 


R. 1879. 


1856 


Madras. 


R. May, 1866. 


1857 


Calcutta. 


D. November, 1870. 


1857 


Punjab. 


R. January, 1868. 


1857 


Masulipatam. 


R. May, 1873. 


1857 


Calcutta. 


R. January, 1860. 


1857 


Punjab. 


D. October, 1862, 


1857 


Agra. 


R. Mav, 1863. 


1858 


Ditto, 


R. JulV. 1S73. 


1858 


Jabalpur. 


R. 1882. 


18(58 


North India. 


R. 1880. 


1858 


Agra. 


R. 1860, D. May, 1880. 


1858 


Travancorc. 


R. April, 1866. 


1858 


Tinnevelly. 


R. April, 1873. 


1858 


Bombay. 


R. 18<i5. 


1858 


.Junir. ' 


R. 1861. 


1858 


Punjab. 


Trans'd. 1869- 


1858 


North India. 


R. 1859. 


1858 


Madras. 


R. October, 1867. 


185U 


Santhalia. 


W. 1 860. 


185J> 


Benares. 


R. J.anuarv, 1872. 


1851) 


Madras. 


R. March.^1860. 


1859 


Meerut, 


R. 1861. 


1859 


Ditto. 


R. 1861. 


1859 


Madras, 


R. 1882. 


1859 


Peshawar. 


D. January, 1863. 


1860 


Lucknow. 


R. 18S0. 



Chubch Missionary Society. 



87 



Names. 



Arrival. 



Field of labor. 



Death, Withdrawal, or 
Eetirement. 



&. Yeates 


1860 


Mooltan. 


AV^ Ellington 


1860 


Masulipatam. 


W. J. Edmonds 


I860 


Ditto. 


N. Honiss 


1860 


Tinnevelly, 


J. D. Simmons 


1860 


Ditto. 


J. M. Speechlj^ 


1860 


Travancore. 


F. Gmelin 


1860 


Krishnaghar. 


R. B. Batty 


1860 


Punjab. 


J. B. AVheeler 


1860 


Lucknow. 


J. Barton 


1860 


Calcutta, etc. 


E. S. Puxley 


1861 


Santhalia. 


J. M. Brown 


1861 ! 


Punjab. 


J. Welland 


1861 


Calcutta. 


T. Storra 


1861 


Lucknow. 


W. P. SchafEter 


1861 


Tinnevelly. 


J. Sharp 


1861 


Masulipatam. 


\V. Soans 


1862 


Derajat. 


J. Cooper 


1862 


Ditto. 


T. Lane 


1862 


Travancore. 


H. Bartlett 


1862 


Madras. 


E. Wynne 


1862 


Junir. 


H. S. Patterson 


1862 


Mooltan. 


C. E. Vinea 


1862 


Agra. 


F. Wat hen 


1862 


Amritsar. 


A. Johnson 


1862 


Aflepie. 


J.Wilson 


1862 


Travancore. 


J. L. Holbeek 


1862 


Scindh. 


W. H:indcock 


1868 


Peshawar. 


J. F. D. Hoemle 


1864 


Meerut. 


T. P. Huohes 


1864 


Peshawar. 


J. W. Bardsley 


1864 


Scindh. 


J. Elmslie 


1864 


Kashmir. 


A. H. Arden 


1864 


Madras. 


R.Warren 


1864 


Bombay. 


W. G. Mallet 


1865 


Amritsar. 


J. Stevenson 


1865 


Ditto. 


C. W. H. Tsenberg 


1865 


Hydrabad. 


H. Croley 


1865 


Scindh. 


L. E. W. Foote 


1866 


Bombay. 


C. S. Cooke 


1866 


Ditto. 


J. C. Mill 


1866 


Tinnevelly. 


E. Sampson 


1866 


Bombay. 


W. Ridley * ... 


1866 


Peshawar. 


D. Brodie 


1866 


. Dera Ismail K 


S. Carter 


1866 


Goruckpore. 


W, Johnson, 


1866 


Travancore. 


W. Hope 


1866 


Ditto. 


C. E. Storrs 


1866 


Amritsar. 


G. M. Gordon* 


1866 


Lahore. 


G. Shirt 


1866 


Hydrabad. 


A. B. Spaight 


1868 


Mooltan. 


J. Conn. 


1868 


Raghapuram. 



R. 1873. 

D. June, 1878. 

R. 1863. [ 1877. 

Trana'd. to Mauritius. 

Ditto, 1874. 

Bishop of Travancore. 

R. 1883. 

D. June, 1861. 

R. 1861. 

R. February, 1876. 

R. 1865. 

R. April, 1866. 

D. December, 1879. 

W. Julv, 1872. 

R. 1880. 

R. 1880. 

D. June, 1862. 

R. Mav. 1865. 

R. December, 1868. 

D. December, 1865. 

R. September, 1863. 

R. March, 1866. 

D. November, 1879. 

D. November, 1865* 

R. December, 1871. 

R. June, 1871. 

R. 1863. 

R. 1867. 

R. 1878. 

R. 1884. 

D. February. 1868. 

D. November, 1872. 

R. 1882. 

R. 1865. 

R. 1875. 

D. December, 1865. 

D. February, 1870. 

R. June, 1869. 

R. January, 1870. 

R. February. 1877. 

W. 1872. 

R. July, 1871. 

R. 1874. 

R. 1874. 

D. July, 1871. 

R. 1879. 

R. 1874. 

R. 1871. 

D. August, 1880. 
D. June, 1886. 
R. J870. 
D. December, 1871. 



Killed while aiding the wouuded m battle at Kandahar. 



88 



Indian Missionary Directoey. 



Names. 


Arrival. 


Field of labor. 


Death, Withdrawal, or 
Retirement. 


W. Smith 


1868 


Travancore. 


D. August, 1874. 


R. F. F. Trench 


1868 


Lucknow. 


D. June, 1869. 


J. W. Knott 


18(;9 


Lahore. 


D. June, 1870. 


J. Shearman 


18Gi) 


Madras. 


R. December, 1871. 


F. Peake 


1870 


Tinuevelly. 


R. January, 1872. 


A. Yarnold 


1871 


Hyderabad. 


R. 1878. 


W. W. Cox 


1871 


Masulipatam. 


R. 1872. 


H. Davis 


1871 


Taljhari. 


D. September, 1877. 


S. T. Leupolt 


1871 


Calcutta. 


R. Februarv, 1878. 


H. R. Kendall 


1872 


Madras. 


R. 1877. 


W. Mitchell 


1872 


South India. 


R. 1877. 


H. E. Jennings 


1872 


Tinnevelly. 


R. 1875. 


E. Carter 


1872 


Allahabad. 


D. August, 1872. 


A. Morgan 


1872 


Masulipatam. 


R. October. 1879. 


F. H. Baring 


1872 


Amritsar. 


R. April, 1880. 


E. Downes 


1872 


Peshawar. 


R. 1884. 


T. Maxwell 


1873 


Kashmir. 


R. November, 1875. 


G. T. M. Grime 


1873 


Agra. 


D. October, 1878. 


W. G. Baker 


1873 


Bezwara. 


R. 1883. 


B. H. Skelton 


1874 


Azimgurh. 


R. 1880. 


E. Blackmore 


1874 


Tinnevelly. 


D. October, 1879. 


J. S. Doxey 


1875 


Multau. 


R. 1883. 


T. R. Hodgson 


1875 


Jabalpur. 


R. 1883. 


D. T. Barry 


1876 


Madras, etc. 


R. January, 1879. 


W. B. Blackett 


i87r. 


Calcutta. 


R. 1884. 


J. A. Loyd 


1876 


Agra. 


R. 1881. 


F. W. Ainley 


1877 


Cjttayam. 


R. February, 1879. 


H.D.Day 


1879 


Calcutta. 


R. November, 1879. 


C. Mountfort 


1880 


Nasik. 


D. June, 14, 1885. 



Church Missionary Society. 8& 

II. OXFOUD MISSION TO CALCUTTA. 

This Mission was founded in 1880 under the charge of the Rev. 
E. F. Willis, with a view, more particularly, to work among the 
educated natives of Calcutta. It is supported by voluntary con- 
tributions. The Chairman of the Oxford C^ommittee is the Lord 
Bishop of Oxford : Vice-Chairman, the Warder of Keble College : 
Honorary Treasurer, H. 0. Wakeman, Esq., Keble College : 
Honorary Secretaries, Rev. J. 0. Johnston, 5, Museum Villas, Ox- 
ford, and the Provost of Worcester College. 

The members live a community life, subject to rule, but are 
not under vows. At present there is no church attached to the 
Mission House, but one of the rooms is fitted up as a chapel. 
There is a school for Bengali Christian boys under the charge of 
one of the Missionaries, the Rev. E. F. Brown. The work of the 
Mission consists mainly in the delivery of public lectures, preach- 
ing, editing a weekly paper named " tlie Epiphany^ " for circu- 
lation amongst non-Christians, and receiving enquirers. Connect- 
ed with the mission is a Printing Press and a Book Depot 
for the sale of Theological books cud tracts. Since 1883 there 
have been eight baptisms in the Jdission, 



MISSIONARIES. 



Rev. C. W. To^vnssnd, m. a., Keble College, Oxford, acting 
Superior. 

Rev. E. F. Brown, m. a., Trinity College, Oxford. 
Rev. Philip S. Smith, m. a., University College, Oxford. 
Rev. C. H. Walker, m. a. Oriel College, Oxford. 
Manager of the Press and Booh Depot : Mr. Larkyns. 



90 Indian Missionaky Directobt. 

III. THE GOSPEL PROPAGATION SOCIETY. 

^' The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts" was organized in June, 1701, when it received a charter 
from William III. It was designed '^ to provide for the ministra- 
tions of the Church of England in the British colonies, and to 
propagate the Gospel among the native inhabitants of those 
countries." The Society began its labors in India in 1818. 

I. Madras. — During the early years of the present century 
the old Danish missions, which were rapidly decaying, were trans- 
ferred as a rule to the Christian Knowledge Society, and by this 
to the Propagation Society. For several years prior to 1816 the 
mission of the Knowledge Society in Madras was sadly disorga- 
nized and inefficient : but in this year, through the efforts of 
Bishop Heber while visiting Madras, a thorough reformation was 
made, and the mission revived at once. In 1825 a large church was 
completed : and about this time the mission was made over to the 
Propagation Society, by which it has since been sustained. 

The Danish missions in Tanjore and Trichinopoly passed into 
the hands of the Society in 1826. In these provinces the Society 
now has nine central missions besides numerous out-stations. 
Cuddalore, in the province of Arcot, was also occupied about the 
same time. The early Bishops of the Church of England 
manifested peculiar interest in all the Society's missions, and by 
the erection of the see of Madras in 1835, the interests of these 
missions were still further advanced. 

The first missionary appointed to Tinnevelly was the Rev. 
D. Rosen in 1829. In 1839 the missions were divided into small 
districts, which proved an excellent plan. In 1844, at Saw- 
yerpuram and at Christianagram, there were general movements 
towards Christianity and hundreds of accessions : so at Edeyen- 
goody and Nazareth. 

In the same year two Theological Seminaries w^ere estab- 
lished, one at Sawyerpuram in Tinnevelly and the other at Vediar- 
puram in Tanjore ; a third, which had previously existed at Madras, 
was remodelled. 

In Tinnevelly and Ramnad the number of villages in which 
there are Christian congregations is 620. There are four Board- 
ing schools, and several orphanages. In every district there is a 
Local Church Council, in addition to which there is a Provincial 
Church C;Ouncil, in which all the clergy, European and Native, 
and elected lay representatives from each district, have a place, 
and by which all questions affecting the welfare of the Native 



The Gospel Propagation Society. 91 

church are considered. It has been partly through the great 
increase of voluntary evangelistic effort which has taken place in 
Tinnevelly for some years past, and partly the influence of the 
lessons taught by the history of famine relief, that • so many 
thousands of the people have, within the last few years, abandoned 
heathenism and placed themselves under Christian instruction. 
The progress made will be seen from a comparison of the foUowino* 
numbers : persons under Christian instruction, including baptized 
and unbaptized, in 1877, 1878, and 1879, respectively, 22,886 ; 
39,946 ; 44,069. 

A Medical mission was opened at Nazareth in 1870. There 
are also flourishing dispensaries at Erungalore and Madras. 

When the Prince of Wales visited India in 1875, 10,000 
Native Christians of Tinnevelly, headed by Drs. Caldwell and 
Sargent, met His Royal Highness and presented him with an 
address, to which he made an appropriate reply. 

In March, 1877, the Rev. Dr. Caldwell, the founder of the 
mission at Edeyengoody, was consecrated as Suffragan Bishop, 
Coadjutor to the Bishop of Madras. 

II. Calcutta. — The attention of the Society was directed to 
Bengal immediately after the foimdation of the Episcopate. In 
1818 Bishop Middleton proposed the establishment of a Colleo-e 
to train Christian agents, and of schools for Hindoos and 
Mohamedans. His proposal was favorably received, 'and the 
foundation-stone of the new Institution at Howrah was laid 
December 15th, 1820 : the building was completed aboiit four 
years afterwards. The Institution has since been known as 
Bishop's College. In 1880 the College was removed to a site 
in the city of Calcutta. The Rev. W. Morton and the Rev. T. 
Christian in 1823 began missionary work at Bhagulpur. Chinsurah 
Was occupied in 1825, and Tollygunge in 1829. 

The Society established a station in Cawnpore in 1832, the 
Rev. J. Carshowe being the first missionary appointed. The 
Rev. W. Haycock and Mr. Cockey, who were in charge of the 
Mission when the mutiny broke out, fell at their post in June 
1857. Tezpur, in Assam, was occupied in 1850. Forty schools 
have been established, and at least nine Christian communities 
formed. 

The Chota Nagpore mission dates from 1869, when a number 
of Berlin missionaries, who had been laboring there for years, 
joined the Society. The progress here has been steady, and it is 
hoped that the mission will soon have a resident Bishop. Roorkee 
was occupied in 1871, Banda in 1872, 



92 * Indian Missionary Directoiiy. 

III. Lahore. — The work at Delhi was begun in 1854. The 
mission was broken up by the mutiny, and the missionary, the 
Rev. A. R. Hubbard, the chaplain and a catechist, were put to 
death by the rebels : but the mission was soon renewed, and has 
been greatly prospered since. In 1877 the Cambridge mission 
in connection with the Society was opened at Delhi. It is des- 
cribed below. 

IV. Burmah. — Burmah was occupied by the Society in 
1859 ; the establishment of a mission at Moulmein in that year 
w^as followed by missions at Rangoon in 1863, Mandalay, 1869, 
Tounghoo in 1873, and the Andaman Islands in 1884. Of the seven 
clergy in the Tounghoo Mission, five are natives. In Rangoon^ 
where there is a College (St. John's), containing about 600 boys, 
the mission has been extended to the Tamils, Chinese, and other 
races. Work at Mandalay was suspended in 1879, but steps are 
now being taken for the re-occupation of the mission. 

V.^ Bombay. — Bishop Heber, while in Bombay in 1827, 
formed a committee in connection with the Propagation Society, 
but it was not until 1839 that a mission was established in the city 
of Bombay. A mission at Guzerat was opened in 1830,. but was 
checked in the early death of its first missionary, the Rev. Mr. 
Pettinger. Poena was occupied in 1868, Kolhapur in 1870, 
Ahmednagarin 1872, and Dapoli in 1878. 

In 1884 there were in the Society's Missions in India 58 
European missionaries, 78 Native missionaries, 70,881 Native 
Christians, besides 25,347 Catechumens^ 22, 972 communicants, and 
23,709 Native scholars. 



SECRETARIES. 

Rev. H. W. Tucker, 19, Delahay St.^ Westminster, London. 

Madras. — Rev. W. Reltox, Madras. 

Calcutta. — Rev. G. Billing?, Calcutta. 

Lahore. — Rev. R. R. Winter, Lahore. 

Burmah. — W. Sheriff, Esq., Bangoon. 

Bombay. — Rev. G. H. Lewis, Bombay. 



MISSIONARY BISHOPS. 
The Right Rev. Bishop (Robert) Caldwell, D. D., LL. D., M. R. A. 
S. Born May 7, 1814, near Belfast. Studied at Glasgow. Ordained July 
7, 1837. Came to India in 1837, in connection with tlie London Missionary 
Society, and labored at Madras until 1841, when Le joined the Gospel 
Propagation Society. In 1842 commenced a station at Edeyengoody 



The Gospel Propagation Society. 93 

where he labored many years. March 11, 1877, consecrated at Calcutta^ 
Suffragan Bishop, coadjutor to tlie Bishop of Madras. 

The Eight Eev. J. M. Straclian, D. D. A. 18G2. Labored in the 
Madras Presidency until 1882, when he was consecrated Bishop of 
Ilans^oon. 



'O' 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Ahhishelcanathan, Samuel B. Dec. 18, 1817. Or. June, 1878. Ad. 
Ban goon. 

Ahralmm, Bodea. Or. 1880. Ad. Ranchty Chota Nagpore. 

Abraham, Gnanamuthu. B. Feb. 14, 1839. Or. Mar. 1), 1879, 
Dec. 3, 1882. Ad. Bamnad, Madras P. 

Abraham, V. Or. 1874. Ad, Nazareth, Madras P. 

Adamson, T. xVr. 1871. Ad. Saivyerpuram, Do. 

All, Abdul. B. 1S3G. Or. Nov. 3, 1879. Ad. Paiuh, N. W. P. 

Antoni, Dhan. Or. 1875. Ad. llanchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Athanasius. Or. 1873. Ad. Do. Do. 

Atharale, Narain Vishnu. Or. 1881. Ad. Ah?nednagar, Bombay P, 

Bate, J. Tsau. Or. 1881. Ad. Rangoon. 

Bhuttacharjea, B. Or. 1882. Ad. Calcutta. 

Billing, B. Ar. 1871. Calcutta Diocesan Secy. Ad. Calcutta. 

BoHN, Ferdinand. B. June 8, 1824, in Germany. Or. Aug. 3, 
1851. A. Dec. 24, 1851, in connection with Gosscer's Mission. Joined 
Anglican Church in 18G9. Or. A])ril, 1869. L. 'SScripture Reader's 
Help" (Hindi). H. 18(16-68, 1877-78. Ad. Ecmchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Bone, W. M. Or. 1874, 1875. A. 1883. Ad. Caivnpore. 

Blake, W. H. Ar. 1875. Ad. Tanjore, Madras P. 

Britten, N. Ar. 1880. Or. 1883. Ad. Nundial, Do. 

Chand, Tara. B. in Delhi, Nov. 5, 1839. Or. Dec. 1863, 1864. 
S. Delhi. L. " Mufta-ul-Iman," a manual of Christian Faith, " Gyan 
Darpan," the same in Hindi ; *' The Epistle to Diognetus" (Urdu and 
Hindi), S. P. C. K. Depot, Cawnpore ; " Tazkarat-ul-]\lf.minin, or 
Christian Life of the First Three centuries" ; ''Mawaiz-i-Uqba, or the 
Letter of a Jewish convert to her father." Ad. Kurnaul, Panjab. 

Chowdnjj B. C. Or. 1857. Ad. Jloivrah^ Bengal. 

Christian, S. Or. 1869. Ad. Edeyengoodtj, Madras P. 

CoLBECK, James A. Ar. 1874. Ad. Moulmein, Burinah. 

CoLBECK, JohnA. Or. 1F81. Ad. Do. Do. 

Darvall, T. E. a. 1880. Or. 1883. Ad. Tanjore, Madras P. 
' David, S. Or. 1884. Ad. Egmore, Madras. 

Devasagayam, S. Or. 1879. Ad. Christiana gram, Madras P, 

Dey, Gopal Chandra. B. 1835. Or. 1875. Ad. Mograhat, B'.'ngah 

Drew, William. B. at St. Columbo, Cornwall, in 1840. A. 1865. 
Now in Europe. 

Dunne, D. H. G. Ar. 1868. Ad. Cawnpore, A. W. P. 

Dutt, Roger. B. in Calcutta, Nov. 9, 1847. Or. April 4, 1874. 



94 Indian Missionary Dieectory. 

S. 1868, Cawnpore : 1869, Bishop's Col., Calcutta : 1870, Ranchi. L.* 
Two small pamphlets, (1) A Compilation : '* Questions and Answers on the 
order for Morning and Evening Prayer.'' (2) " The Church Catechism'' 
Both are in Hindi, and procurable at the S. P. C. K. Depot, Cawnpore. 
Ad. Calcutta. 

Ellis, Percy Ansley. B. Kensington, Jan. 19, 1855. A. Dee. 
14, 1877. Or. Poona, June, 1879. S. Poona, Kolhapur, Ahmednagar. 
Ad. Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

Endle, Sidney. A. 1864. Ad. TezporCy Assam. 

Fairclough, J. Ar. 186G. Ad. Ttangoon, Burmah. 

Elynn, D. J. Ar. 1882. Or. 1883. Ad. Ranch', Chota Nagpore. 

Gadney, Alfred. A. 1872. Ad. Dapoli, Bombay P. 

Ghose, B. C. Or. l87o. Ad. Howrah, Bengal. 

Gilder, Charles. A. I860. Ad. Bombay. 

Gnanakan, 3/. Or. 1863. Ad. Mudalore, Madras P. 

Gnananmuttu, V. Or. 1876. Ad. Trichinojwly, Do. 

Gnanaolivoo, J. Or. 1875. Ad. Bamnad, Do. 

Gnanaolivoo, J. Or. 1884. Ad. Tanjore, Do. 

Gnanapragasam, A. Or. 1884. Ad. Trichinopoly, Madras P. 

Gnanapragasam, D. Or. 1867. Ad. Bamnad, Do. 

Gnanapragasam, Nagalinka. B. 1854. Ed.— B. A. Or. Mar. 9, 1884. 
Ad. Tanjore, Madras P. 

Gnanapragasam, P. B. 1837. Or Jan. 26, 1873. Ad. Bamnad, 

Madras P. 

Gnayayutham, P. Or. 1879. Ad. Bamnad, Madras P. 

Harrison, Henry Joseph. B. Allahabad, Nov. 10, 1824, Ed. 
Bishop's Col., Calcutta. Or. Nov. 1, 1848, May 1, 1851. S. Khari, 
Barripore, Tollygunge. Ad. Barripore, Bengal. 

Hill, J. R. Ar. 1862. Ad. Banda, N. W. P. 

HoppNER, Erederick Henry Theodore. B. Prisannewitz, Ger- 
many, April 10, 1829. Or. June 26, 1853, Oct. 4, 1864. A. Dec. 27, 
1853. S. Buxar, 1853, Ghazipore, 1854-64, Muzufferpore, 1864-74. H. 
1874-75 : Et. in connection with S. P. G. in Oct. 1875. S. Eoorkee. Or. 
Dec. 19, 1875, Feb. 6, 1876. H. Mar. 1883— Oct. 1884. Ad. Roo?^Tcee, 
N, W. P. 

Ignatius, J. Or. 1863. Ad. Bangalore. 

Inman, Arthur. Or. Mar. 9, 1879, Mar. 14, 1880. A. Dec. 1, 
1877. S. Mutialpad, 1879-80, Kalsapad, 1880-84, since in charge of 
both stations. Ad. Kalsapad, Madras P. 

Jarman, Daniel. Or. lcS84. Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Jesudason, Joseph. B. July 31, 1851, in Tinnevelly, Or. March 
^, 1884. Ad. Trichinopoly, Madras P. 

Jones, W. E. Ar. 1879. Noio in Europe. 

Joseph, D. Or. 1879. Ad. Putakotai, Madras P. 

King, C. Or. 1881. Ad. Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

Khristchitt^ Boba. Or. 1880. Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Kristna, jl Or. 1879. Ad. Tounghoo, Burmah, 



The Gospel Propagation Society. 95 

Kruger, Frederick. B. in Germany, Apr. 2, 1837. A. 18G3. 
Or. as S. P. G. Missionary in 1874. S. Purulia, 1863-66, since, 
Chaibassa, L. Translated Book of Common Prayer into the Lorka 
language : compiled First Reader in the same. H. 1873. Ad. 
Chaibassa, Chota Nagpore. 

Lateward, H. E. G. B. at Boulogne, France, June 1, 1849. 
A. 1876. Or. 1877, 1878. S. Kolhapur, Ahmednagar, Poena, to 
1882 ; Aug. 1882, Bombay ; Nov. 1882 to Sept. 1884, Kolhapur : H. 
to Eng. from Sept. 1884 to Dec. 1885 : since, Hindustani Mission at 
Bombay. Ad. Bombay. 

Lazarus, George, B. 1833. Or. Sept. 19, 1869. Ad. Nangoor, 
Madras P. 

Ledgard, George. B. 1834 at Huddersfield, Yorkshire. A. 
Dec. 29, 1862. Or. 1803-64. H. 1874-70. Ad. Bovihay. 

LogsdaiLj A. Ar. 1881. Or. 1882. Ad. lianchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Lord, Hugh F. B. Northiam, Sussex, 1858. A. Mar. 28, 1880. 
Or. Mar. 13, 1881, Sept. 23, 1883. L. Church Catechism, Marathi 
(BycuUa Press, Bombay). Ad. Ahmednagar, Bombay P. 

Lord, John Douglas. B. 1856, Northiam, Sussex. A. Dec. 7, 
1880. Or. 1881, 1883. Ad. Poona, 

Manmasih, Dhan. Or. 1880. Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Manuel, A. Or. 1875. Ad. Combaconum^ Madras P. 

Margoschis, a. Ar. 1877. Ad. Nazareth, Do. 

Maj'Tcas, H. Or. 1873. Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Markas, Manjan. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

3Iarkas, Marsa. Or. 1875. Ad. Do. Do, 

Marks, J. E. Ar. 1803. Ad. Bangoon, Burmah. 

Martin, R. D'O. Ar. 1882. Or. 1883. Ad. Delhi. 

Marwai. Or. 1879. Ad. Tounghoo, Burmah. 

Masih Das. Or. 1873. Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Mitter, P. L. N. Or. 1869. Ad. Jhanjra, Bengal. 

Mukerji, Piyare Mohun. B. Calcutta, May 24, 1846. Or.jMay 5, 
1880, Dec. 21, 1881. S. Cawnpore, Calcutta, Kajmahal, Buiar. Ad. 
Tollygunge, Bengal. 

Nath, K. 31. Or. 1870. Ad. Dhanghatta, Bengal. 

Nathan, Tirkee. Or. 1880. Ad. Ranchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Norman, Harry Bathurst. B. Havre, France. Or. March 14, 
1880. A. March, 1879. W. Bishop Caldwell's Chaplain, and assistant 
in the evangelistic department of his work. Now in Europe, 

Pakkiam, D. Or. 1876. Ad. Radhapuram, Madras P. 

Papworth, John William. A. Jan. 1880. Or. 1884, 1885. S. 
Tanjore, and (Ad.) Trichinopoly, Madras P. 

Parenjothy, G. Or. 1874. Ad. Ramnad, 3Iadras P. 

Paulus, Arton. Or. 1880. Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Pearce, Charles William. B. in Eng. 1839. A. 1863. S. Vellam, 
Tanjore, Vepery, Sawyerpuram to 1877, since, Prin. S. P. G. Col. at 
Trinchinopoly. H. 1875-77. Ad. Trichinopoly^ Madras P. 

Ferianayagam, J, Or. 1879. Ad. Puthiampur, Madras P, 



96 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Pitchamuttic, A. Or. 1884:. Ad. Xazareth, Madras P. 

Prabhusahai, Bodra. Or. iSSi. Ad. liancM, Chota Nag pore. 

Prabhusahai, Siba. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

Priestly, J. J. Ar. 1877. Ad. Kolhapur^ Bomhan P. 

Purnpersh'id, Kaschah. Or. 1875. Ad. Panchi, Chota Nag pore. 

Kkichardt, F. H. Ar. 1881. Or. 1880, 1881. Ad. 3Iadras.. 

Reltox, William. Ed. Queen's Col. Camb., M. A. Or. May 22, 
1881, Sept. 2-t, 1882. A. Dec. 25, 1881. S. Madras, llaimiad. H. to 
Australia^ Oct. 1883 io Jan. 1884. Secy. Madras Diocesan Com. Nov. 7, 
1885. L. Prayers for private use (Tamil); former Editor " Banner of 
the Cross " (Tamil). Ad. Vepery, Madras. 

EicKARD, T. Ar. 1880. Or. 1881. Ad. Pangoon, 

Salmon, A. Ar. 1882. Or. 1884. Ad. Tounghoo, Biirmah. 

Samuel, D. Or. 1851). Ad. Tuticorin^ Madras P. 

Sandel, Hari liar. B. in Lower Bengal, 1820. Baptized in 1839. 
Or. 1856. S. Calcutta since 1857. x\d. Hare Street, Calcutta. 

Sebastian, Anthony. B. Madras, Sept. 5, 1837. Ed. Madras Train- 
ino^ Inst.j and Yediarpuram and Vepery Miss. Seminaries. M. Jan. 19, 
18^59. Or. Madras, March 17, 1867, Bangalore, Sept. 19, 1869. S. Oos- 
soor, 1867-71; since, Secunderabad. Ad. Secunderabad, Deccan. 

Sharrock, John xVlfred. B. in Kells, Ireland, Nov. 17, 1853. Ed. 
Camb., B. A. Or. Mar. 1879, 1880. A. Dec. 1, 1877. H. 1880. S. Prin. 
S. P. G. Col., Sawyerpuram, whicli was transferred in Jan. 1883 to 
Tuticorin, and named *' Caldwell College." L. A Missionary's Dream 
(Rivingtons), Higginbotham and Co., Madras : a collection of the 
Lyric tunes sung by tlie natives of S. India (C. K. S. Madras). Ad. 
Tuticorin, Madras P. 

Shepherd, Richard Dendy. B. April 10, 1855, in Tenterden, 
Kent. A. Dec. 1, 1877. Or. March 9, 1879, March 14, 1880. S. Mulyala- 
pad, 1877-80, since, Kalasapad. Ad. Kalasapad, Madras P. 

Shway Nyo. Or. 1878. Ad. Tounghoo, Burniah. 

Singh, Baud (W. Luther). Or. 1869. Ad. Chaibasa, Chota 
Nag pore. 

Singh, Yaqub Kishan. B. near Agra, Dec. 15, 1826. Or. Nov. 19, 
1871. Ad. Eohtalc, Panjab. 

Smitheman, J. p. Ar. 1880. Or. 1880. Ad. Tezpore, Assam. 

Solomon, P. Or. 1879. Ad. Sawyerpuram, Madras P. 

Suvesashamuttu, A. Or. 1879. Ad. Puthiam2)uttur^ Do, 

St. Diago, J. Ar. 1886. Ad. Bombay. 

Sicatnidasen, A. Or. 1865. Ad. Erungalore, Madras P. 

Swamidian, P. Or. 1869. Ad. Edeyengoody, Madras P. 

Tarrie. Or. 1878. Ad. Tounghoo, Burmah. 

Tarynah. Or. 1878. Ad. Tounghoo, Burmah. 

Taylor, A. Ar. 18G0. Ad. Madras. 

Taylor, James. B. in Scotland, 1810. Or." 18G6. A. Oct. 1865. S. 
Bombay, Kolhapur, Ahmcdnagar. H. 1875 ; 1881. L. Edited Anglo- 
ver. Gospeller (Marathi) ; Author of " Tulsi Marriage," "Caste," '*A 
moro excellent way than Liugaitism" ; translator of Bannerjea'a 



Th» OospeI PnopicrATioN Sooi^ty. 91 

" Hindtdsm and Christianity" ; 250 Hymns *' Ancient and Modern/' 
(all in Maratlii). Ad. Ahmednagai', Bombay P. 

TheopMlus, Samn'muttu. B. Bangalore, Oct. S, 1851. Or. Sept. 
24, I882i. S. St. Thome, Madras. W. '' A Brief Geography of the 
Madras Presidency." Ai. St. Thome, Madras. 

Thorburn, William John. B. London, Feb. 22, 1856, Or. 
Dec. 21, 1879, June 12, 1881. A. 1882. S. Madura, Madras. Ad. 
Madura, Madras P. 

Vedahhan, Ariunanayagam. B. at Nazareth, 1886. Or. D. March 9, 
1879. Ed. Madras Diocesan Sem. Ad. Ramnad, Madras P. 

Vethamuthu, Devaphiam. B. at Nazareth, 1833. Ed. Diocesan 
Sem,, Madras. Or. 1866, 1869. W. Theol. Tutor at Sawyerpuram, 
1866-72, since, 1872, Native pastor. Ad. Sawyerpuram, Madras P. 

ViCKERS, A. B. Ar. 1881. Or. 1883. Ad. Bamnad, Madras P, 

Vtsuvasam, J. Or. 1884. Ad. Tanjore, Madras P. 

Whitehead, H. Or. 1879, 1880. A. 1883. Prin. Bishop's Col. Ad 
Calcutta. 

Whitley, J. C. Ar. 1862. Now in Europe. 

Williams, T. Ay. 1869. Ad. Biwarri, Madras P. 

Winter, R. E. Ar. 1860. S. Delhi. Now in Europe. 

Wyatt, J. L. Ar. 1866. Ad. Trichinopoly, Madras P. . 

Yeiadian, Gumhathan. B. May 12, 1830. Or. Jan. 31, 1869, Jan. 
80, 1876. Ad. Edeyengoody, Madras P. 

Yesadian, Maduranayagam. B. Nazareth, 1833 : Or. 1867, 1869, 
Ad. Nazareth, Madras P. 

Yesudasen, J. Or. 1884. Ad. Trichinopoly, Madras P. 

Yesudian S. Or. 1879. Ad. Tanjore, Madras P. 

Yesudian, S. G. Or. 1865. Ad. Madras. • 

Yesudian, F. B. Nazareth, Aug. 20, 1835. Or. March 9, 1879. L. 
" Christian's duty of preaching to the heathen" (in Tamil, Original). 
Ad. Trichinopoly, Madras P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Thomas Brotherton. B. at Boston, Eng. in 1809. A. 1836. S. Tanjore, 
Negapatam, Madras. H. 1855-56, Prin. S. P. G. Sem. Madras, till Oct. 1857 ; 
i*rin. of Savvy erpuran Sem. till 1859 ; afterwards, Nazareth and other Statioht, 
D. at Nazareth, June 28, 1869. 

C. Hubbard. A. about 1840. D. 1870. 

S. G. Heyne. A. about 1840. D. 1880. 

Thomas Herbert Suter. A. 1853. D. 1860. 

A. F. Caemmerer. Or. 1835. R. Ad. Madras. 

John Guest. B. at Quilon, Oct. 11, 1812. Ed. at the C. M. S. Inst., 
and labored a short time with that Society. In 1832 joined the Wesieyan 
Society, and labored in the Engl, school at Black Town. In March 1836 
transferred to Tanjore, and thence in Feb. 1838 to Madras. In Jan. ,1850 
rejoined the Church of England, and was appointed as catechist to Black 
Town. Or. Feb. 27, 1842, after which belabored at Piilicat until Oct. 1842, 
when he was appointed to Cuddalore. In Jan. 1866 appointed to Erungalore ; 
th Oct. 1847 to Tanjore in June, 1851, to tke Vepery mission, Madras, where 



98 Indian Missionary Directory. 

he labored until April, 1864 : then re-appointed to Tanjore, where he continued 
until Oct. 1872, when he was transferred to Trichinopoly, and placed in pas- 
toral charge of the Fort congregation. R. 1879. Ad. Poonamallee^ Madras. 
[ Thomas Phillip Adolphus. B. at Tranquebar, April 14, 1820. Or. 
June 18, 1848, Feb. 2, 1851. S. Saw^-erpuram, 1848, Ramnad and Paumben, 
1854, Palamcottah, 1855, Trichinopoly, 1864, Canadagoody, 1879. R. 1880. 
Ad. Trichinopoly^ Madras P. 

Balavandram David. B. in Tanjore, Dec. 1823. Ed. in S. P. G. Theol. 
Sem. Madras. Or. March 13, 1854, Junei7,!l857. S. Ootacamund, 1854-57, 
Madras, 1858-74. R. in 1874 on account of failure of sight. Ad. Vepery, 
Madras. 

Henry Bower. A. 1844. R. 1882. Ad. Madras. 

John Clay. B. May 5, 1828, at St. Thomas Mount, Madras. Or. March 
12, 1854, April 1, 1855. S. Pastor of Engl, congregation at Cuddapah, 
1854-56 ; afterwards missionary Cuddapah Districts. D. in April, 1884. 

Christian Samuel Kohlhoff . B. in Tanjore, May 14, 1815. Or. Jan. 6, 1839, 
Jan. 6, 1840. S. Mudaloor, 1839, Dindigal, 1840, Trichinopoly, 1841, Erunga- 
lore, 1843, Vepery, Madras, 1846. H. 1853-56. Rt. Jan. 19, 1856. S. Madras, 
1856, Erungalore, 1858, Trichinopoly, 1859, remaining at Erungalore. Founded 
in 1862 a Fund for the pension of widows. Served as a delegate for the re- 
vision of the Tamil Bible and the Book of Common Prayer S. P. C. K. (in 
Tamil.) D. in 1881. 

Frederick Gottlief Batsch. B. Jan. 24, 1820, in Germany. Or. in Berlin, 
July 8, 1844. A. Dec. 1844. S. Chota Nagpore, till 1868 in connection with the 
Berlin Socy., afterwards with the S. P. G. R. 1885. Ad. Ranchi, Chota 
Nagpore, 

' Charies Egbert Kennett. B. at Madras, Sept. 21, 1826. Or. Feb. 2, 1851, 

' July 25, 1853. S. Tinnevelly, 1848-65, Madras, 1865 to 1881. Incumbent of 

St. John's Church from Oct. 'l 868. Divinity Lecturer in Theol. Sem. 1872-78. 

Principal of S.T. G. Theol. Col. Oct. 18, 1878, to 1881. H. from March, 

1860, to Julv, 1861, and from April, a875, to Oct. 1875. D. in Nov. 1884. 

Brijanath Pal. B. about 1819, in Bengal. Or. 1860. From 1852 to 
1885 pastor at Mirpur. D. in 1885. 



IV. CAMBRIDGE MISSION TO NORTH INDIA. 

The Cambridge Mission to North India was founded in 1877. 
It originated in the desire of many resident members of the 
University to connect Cambridge with some characteristic mis- 
sionary work, and India was felt to be the country in which such 
a Mission would find the most natural field for its labours. The 
special objects were originally defined as follows : " to afford 
means for the higher education of young Native Christians, and 
candidates for Holy Orders, to offer the advantages of a Christian 
Home to candidates sent from Mission Schools to the Government 
College, and through literary and other labours to endeavour to 
reach the more thoughtful heathen." When this programme was 
drawn up, Delhi had already, at the invitation of the S. P. G., 
been determined on as the s^eat of the Mission, and in December, 
1877, the first members of the Mission, the Rev. E. Bickersteth, 
and. the Rev. J. D. M. Murray, commenced work at Delhi. Dur- 



The Gospel Propagation Society. 99 

ing the absence of the Rev. R. R. Winter, the S. P. G. missionary 
at Delhi, the work of the S. P. G. Mission was entrusted to the 
Cambridge Mission. On Mr. Winter's return to the Mission in 
1879, the Cambridge missionaries, whose number had by that time 
been raised to its full complement of six, were enabled to enter 
on their distinctive line of work as above defined. Several of their 
number have had to leave India on account of sickness. Of these 
Rev. H. F. Blackett died in England in October, 1885, and Rev. 
E. Bickersteth, who was, while in India, the Head of the Mission, 
was appointed Bishop of Japan at the close of the same year. 

The Mission, as at present constituted, works in connection 
with the local S. P. G. Mission, from the Parent Society, of which 
the missionaries derive the chief part of their stipend. Besides 
their own more distinctive labours, they are associated with Mr. 
Winter in the pastoral and evangelistic work of the Mission, which, 
in common with their more special work, is managed by a council 
consisting of the S. P. G. and Cambridge Missionaries, together 
with such Native Christians as they may from time to time coop 
into their number. The only important modification of the origi- 
nal programme has been occasioned by the abolition in 1877 of 
the Government College. This led to the establishment in 1882, 
at the instance of Government, of a Mission College in Delhi, 
which numbered at the* close of 1885 upAvards of 60 students, 
and the Mission has now to a great extent the higher education of 
the South Pan jab in its hands. 

The following is a list of the past and present members of the 
Mission, arranged in the order in which they successively reached 
Delhi : 

Edward Bickersteth, m. a., Fellow of Pembroke College ; b. a. 
.1873. Or. 1873, 1875 ; Fellow of Panjab University, 1881. H. Aug. 
1882. Consecrated Bishop of Japan, Jan. 1886. 

John Monro Davidson Murray, m. a., Scholar of St. John's 
College, B. A. 1876. Or. 1877, 1879. H., Nov. 1880. 

Henry Chichele Carlyon, m. a, Scholar of Sidney Sussex College, 
B. A, 1871, Or. 1872, 1873. 

Henry Field Blackett, b. a.. Scholar of St. John's College 
1876. Or. 1878, 1880. H., Dec. 1880, D. Sept. 20, 1885. Author 
of " Two years in an Indian Mission,'' S. P. C. K. 1884. 

Samuel Scott Allnutt, m. a., Exhibitioner of St. John's 
College, B. A. 1883. Or. 1875, 1877. Fellow of Panjab University, 
1883. 

George Alfred Lefroy, m. a. Trinity College, b. a. 1878. 
Or. 1879, 1881. 

John William Thorp Wright, b. a., Scholar of Pembroke 
College, B. A. 1881. Or. 1881, 1882. 

Aethur Haig, b. a., Pembroke College, b. a. 1881. Or. 1881-82. 



CHAPTER VI. 

THE WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

The attention of the Wesleyan Church was directed to India 
by the venerable Dr. (,'oke, the '' Father of Methodist Missions,^' 
in the year 1813 ; prior even to the formal oroanization of the 
Missionary Society. His heart ^vas so set upon establishing a 
Mission to India "^that he offered to defray the expenses of begin- 
ning the same himself to the extent of £6,000. Accordingly at 
the Liverpool Conference in August, 1^13, Dr. Coke and six 
young ministers, the Rev. Messrs. Ault, Lynch, Erskine, Harvard, 
Squance, and Clough were appointed to proceed on a mission to 
the East Indies. Judging that he would meet with less op})osition 
from Government by beginning operations in CeyW rather than 
in continental India ."^ Dr. Coke with the party sailed for the former 
place at the close of December, 1813. He died on the voyage 
of apoplexy as was supposed, he being found dead in his cabin on 
the 3rd of May, 1814. (He was at this time sixty-six years of 
age.) The other member.s of the party committed the body qf 
their leader to the deep, and proceeded on their way, arriving at 
Bombay, May 21st. After spending a month here they (with one 
exception) embarked for Ceylon, where they arrived and began 
the work, which has been carried continuously forward since. 

From (Jeylon the work spread to Madras. The Rev. Mr. 
Lynch was the first missionary of the Society here : he arrived in 
1817, and labored successfully, especially among the EnglLsh- 
■peaking population. A chapel Avas erected in Black Town : sub- 
gequently work was begun among the Hindus and Mohamedajis. 
In 1859 a commodious Tamil chapel was built near the Englisji 
church, which is now the centre of the North Tamil circuit. The 
centre of the South Tamil circuit is at Royapettah, where a large 
native chapel has been erected, and a flourishing Anglo-yernacular 
Bohool established. Soon after the commencemei^t of the \wrk 
in the city of Madras, stations were formed and schools established 
at St. Thomas' Mount. Stations were also formed at Trichinopoly 
(1818), at Negapatam, Manargudi, and Melnattam (1851); and 
(in 18,61) at Warriore, Trivalur, and Karur. In 1862 it was pro- 
posed to open a station at Hyderabad, and two missionaries visit- 
ed the country about the Godavery, but several causes led to a 
postponement of operations. Hyderabad was taken up in 1379. 
A " Children's Home" was commenced at Karur in 1877. It lias four 
branches at Madras and elsewhere, and contains upwards of ^3()0 
children. 



Wesleyan Missionaky Society. 101 

In 1817 the Eev. J. Horner was appointed to Bombay, and 
was joined in 1818 by the Eev. J. Fletcher, but from various 
causes the mission was reHnquished in 1821, and the missionaries 
transferred to other places. 

In 1820 the Rev. Messrs. Mowat and Hoole were appointed to 
Bangalore, but suffering shipwreck just before reaching Madras 
they remained for a time at the latter place. In May, 1821 Mr! 
Hoole proceeded to Bangalore, and was soon after joined by Mr! 
Mowat. They began to preach at once, but before the work was 
fairly organized, were called away to other stations. During the 
following three years, Bangalore was visited only occasionally by 
the missionaries. In 1826 it was once more occupied by the 
Rev. J. F. England, who preached in both English and Tamil, and 
laid the foundation of a Native Church, which has continued to the 
present. In 1836 the Rev. Thomas Hodson, who was familiar 
with Canarese, was appointed to the station, and began at once to 
preach in that tongue. Subsequently schools were opened buildino-s 
erected, and an active printing estabhshment formed. Serino-apa- 
tam was occupied in 1821, the Rev. T. Close being the first'^mi's- 
sionary to visit the place. A resident missionary was not appoint- 
ed until some years later. Stations were formed at Gubbi in 
1837, at Mysore and Ootacamand in 1839, at Tumkur in 1857, and 
at Shimoga in 1863. In 1853 the inhabitants of the city of My- 
sore petitioned the Society to establish in their city a first class 
English school, which was accordingly done : the school has conti- 
nued in successful operation ever since. In 1873 Hassan became 
a regular station. In the famine of 1877 a new orphanaoe was 
formed at Hassan,^ and those at Bangalore and Tumku? were 
enlarged. In all, 500 orphans were received. 

In 1829 the Rev. Messrs. P. Percival and Thomas Hodson 
were appomted to commence missionary operations in Calcutta 
They arrived early in 1830, and entered upon their assio-ned 
work. They preached, built a native chapel, and established 
schools : but after three or four years the station was abandoned 
and the laborers transferred to other places. After the lapse 
of about thirty years, the way opened for the re-establi<^hment 
of the mission, and in 1862 the Rev. Messrs. Broadbent arid 
Highfield were appointed to the station. They arrived' in 
September, 1862, and the work has since been carried steadily 
forward. -^ 

In 1864 the Society commenced operations at Lucknow 
by appointing the Rev. D. Pearson as chaplain to the oarri^on 
and missionary. In 1869 a " Calcutta District" was ''formed' 
filn^^^S?. I^^,^^.^^^^^ ^^^\ Calcutta. Benares was occupied in 
IbbO. ihis station, together with Lucknow, Fyzabad, and Jabal* 



It)^: Indun Missionaky Directohy. 

pur (occupied in 1883), constitute the " Lucknow and Benares 
District." 

The work of the Society in India is divided into six Districts, 
the Madras, the Negapatam and Trichinopoly, the Nizam's Ter- 
ritory, the Mysore, the Calcutta, and the Lucknow and Benares. 

The Society now occupies 44 stations in India. It has 43 
foreign missionaries, 9 Native ordained agents, and upwards of 
4,200 Native T christians, of whom 1,800 are communicants. 



SECRETARIES. 

The Rev. John Kilner, ) 

The Rev. E. E. Jenkins, m. a., f Bishopsgate Street-within, 

The Rev. M. C. Osborn, j London. 

The Rev. G. W. Olver, b. a., ) * 

CHAIRMEN. 

The Rev. J. Cooling, Madras. 
The Rev. H. Little, Karur. 
The Rev. W. Burgess, Seciinderabad. 
The Rev. J. Hudson, Bangalore. 
The Rev. J. Brown, Calcutta,. 
The Rev. A. Fentiman, Benares. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Blackburn, Edward P. Ar. 1885. Ad. Manargudi, Madras P. 

Boulter, Richard Starling. B. in Selby, Yorkshire, Eng., Not. 
12, 1848. A. Dec. 1872. Or. 1876. S. Manargudi, 1873-75, Negapatam, 
1876, Tiruvarur, 1.^77-81. H. 1882-84 ; since, at (Ad.) Trichinopoly, 
Madras P. 

Broadhead, Joseph R. Ar. 1875. Ad. Banhura, Bengal. 

Brown, J. B. in Eng. in 1843. Or. 1866. A. Jan. 1867. S. 
Trincomalie, Batticaloa, Jaffna, Calcutta. L. Editor of Ceylon Herald 
8 years, now Editor of the Indian Metliodist Times. H. 5 months in 
1872 ; 1880, one year. Ad. Calcutta. 

Burgess, William. B. Stockport, Sept. 12, 1845. A. 1866. S. 
Manargudi, 1866-71, Madras, 1871-74. H. to Eng. 1875-76, Madras, 
1876-78, since, Hyderabad. Ad. Secunderahad, Deccan. 

Burnett, Amos. B. Aug. 5, 1857, at Steeping, Lincolnshire. Or. 
Oct. 1881. A. Jan. 1882. S. Bangalore. Ad. Bangalore. 

Cobban, George M. Ar. 1872. Ad. Trivalur, Madras p. 

Cooling, James. Ar. 1871. Ad. Madras. 

Crewdson, M. Ferdinand. B. in Bardsea, Eng. May 5, 1862. Or. 
Feb. 21, 1881. A. April, 1884. S. Trimulgheri, Secunderabad and Hydera- 
bad. Prin. Wes. Miss. High School, Chadergbat. Ad. Secunderahad, 
Deccan. 



Wesleyan Missionary Society. 103 

Da VIES, John Wesley. B. at Newport, Mon. Eng. Sept. 21, 
1859. Or. Sept. 2o, 1885. A. Nov. 11, 1885. Ad. Calcutta. 

Dei/, Ishwar Charan. B. near Calcutta in 1848. Or. Jan. 10, 1886. 
Ad. Chaitganj, Benares. 

Elliot, Joseph A. Ar. 1883. Ad. Fyzahad, Oudh. 

Ellis, John E. Ar. 1883. Ad. Madras. 

PiNDLAY, William H. Ar. 1880. Ad. Negapatartiy Madras P. 

Fentiman, Albert. A. 1864. Ad. Benares. 

Gloria^ E. J. Or. 1854. Ad. Trich'nopoh/, Madras P. 

GosTicK, Frederick W. Ar. 1878. Ad. Karur, ALadras P. 

GouDiE, William. A. 1882. Ad. Madras. 

GuLLiFORD, Henrv. B. in Somersetshire, Eng. Nov. 15, 1852. Or. 
Sept. 1877. A. Oct. 1877. S. Wes. High School, Bangalore, 1878, since, 
Prin. Wes. High School, Mysore City. L. Engl, sermon " The Strength 
and Weakness of Hinduism." Ad. Mysore. 

Haigh, Henry. A. 1874. Now in Europe. 

Hobday, George. Joined in I. 1857. Ad'. Peria Darapuram, 
Madras P. 

HocKEN, Charles Hale. B. in Gwinear, Cornwall. Ed. Richmond 
Col. Surrey. A. Dec. 1872, Or. Aug. 1875. S. 1873, Mysore City, 1874-75 
Tumkur, 1876-81, Mysore City, 1881-82. H. to Eng. Rt. 1883 ; since, 
Mysore City. Editor of the Harvest Field. Ad. Mysore City, Mysore. 

HoLDswoRTH, William West. B. Jamaica, West Indies, 1859 
Or. 1884. A. Dec. 11, 1884. Ad. Bangalore, Madras P. 

Hudson, Josiah. B. Westmoreland, 1840. Or. Lon. 1863. A. 
March, 1864. S. Bangalore, 1864-65, Mysore (High School), 1866-67^ 
Bangalore (High School), 1867-76. H. to Eng. from May, 1876 to 
June, 1878, since. Bangalore, in charge of Theol. Inst, and Chairman 
of Mysore Dist. Ad. Bangalore. 

Little, Henry. A. 1872. Ad. Karur, Madras P, 

Luke, T. Or. 1883, Ad. Bangalore. 

Macdonald, James Alexander Donald John. B. Banbury, 
Oxon, Oct. 1855. Or. Birmingham, Oct. 4, 1878. A. Nov. 1878. s! 
Barrackpore. H. 1884, since, Dum-Dum. Ad. Diim-Dum, Bengal. 

Manuel, B. D. Or. 1879. Ad. Madgiri, Madras P. 

Mortimer, Ephraim. A. 1884. S. Benares and (Ad.) Lucknoiv. 

Nath, Prem Chand. Or. 1884. Ad. Chitpore, Calcutta. 

Nicholson, T. Frederick. A. 1871. Ad. Manargudi, Madras P. 

Norman, Alfred J. Ar. 1885. Ad. Madras. 

Parson, Joseph. B. Plympton, Eng. Nov. 19, 1856. Or, Nov. 
17, 1881. A. Jan. 18, 1882. S. Lucknow, 1882-84, since, Jabalpur. Ad. 
Jabalpur. 

Patterson, George. A. 1875. Ad. Madras. 

Peel, Brignal. A. 1883. Ad. Lucknoiv. 

Philip, Andrew. Or. 1886. Ad. Tumkur, Madras P. 

Picken, William Henry Jackson. B. Lincoln, Eng. July 15, 
1855. Or. Sept. 13, 1880. Ed. Theol. Inst. Richmond. A. Nov. 1880.. 
Ad. Bangalore. 



iJ4 Mbtak Mi^sroi^ARY DiRlBofoBY. 

Pratt, Benjamin. B. Bradford, Eng. 1853. Or. 1880. A, Oct. 

1880. S. Secunderahad, Deccan. 

Premaka, H. Or. 1886. Ad. Tumhur, Madras P. 

Rees, David Arthur. B. Nov. 26, 1852, at Abergavenny, 
Monmoutlisliire. Or. Oct. 10, 1876. Ar. Nov. 24, 1876, S. Bangalore, 
8 years, Gubbi, one year, Shineoga, 2 years, Hassan, 3 years. Ad. 
Hassan, Mysore. 

Egberts, Ellis. B. Clocaenog, N. Wales, Aug. 11, 1850. Ed. 
Didsbiuy Col. A. Nov. 1875. Or. Bangalore, 1878. S. Chikballapur. 
Ad. Shimoga, Madras P. 

Robinson, Benjamin. B. at Wellingborough, 1852. Or.. 1882. 
A. Nov. 1882. 'S. 1883-84, Hassan and Chickinagalur, 18^5, Gubbi ; 
since, (Ad.) Cliickmagalur ; Madras P. 

Bolston,J. Robert. Or. 1886. Ad. Luchiow.. 

Sarmiel, Jacob. Or. 1879. Ad. Ootacamund. 

Sawday, George William. B. Sidmouth, Devon, M^r. lO^ 1854. 
Or. Oct. 10, 1876. A. Nov. 1876. S. Tumkur, 1877, M^s'ore' City, 
1878, since, Tumkur. Ad. Tumkur, Madras P. 

Simpson, W. B. Ar. 1882. Ad. Madras. 

Solomon, Edward C. Ar. 1885. Ad. Jabalpur. 

Spencer, William Marshman. B. Draycott, Somerset, March 
9, 1856. Or. Sept. 13,1880. A.Nov. 13, 1880. S. Ranigunge. H. 
1884. Ad. Barrachpore, Bengal. 

Spink, William. B. Great Kelk, Eng. Feb. 8, 1859. Or. Sept. 
16, 1884. A. Dec. 11, 1884. S. to Nov. 1885, Bankura ; since, Ranigunge. 
Ad. Eanigunge, Bengal. 

Thompson, J. M. Ar. 1876. Now in Europe. 

Vanes, James Alfred. B. in 1883. Ed. New Kingswood, Bath. 
(B A. Lon. 1873). Or. Jan. 1876. A, March, 1876. S. Bangalore, 1876-77, 
Gubbi, 1878, since. Bangalore, in charge of W^sleyan High School. 
H. to Eng. 7 months, 1882-83. M. 1883. Ad. Bangalore. 

Whitney, Joseph. B. at Grendon, Eng. in 1857. t)r. at Lon. 
in Oct. 1876. A. Dec. .3, 1876. S. Calcutta. Noiv in Europe. 

Whittamore, T. it. Ar. 1872. Now in Europe. 



CHAPTER Vll. 
THE GENERAL BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

The Gencrul Bai)fcists of l^iiglaiid tbriiieJ u Missionary So- 
ciety in 1816, the leader in the movement being the Rev. J. G. 
Pilve. In May, 1821, the Rev. William Bampton and the Rev. 
James Peggs were appointed as the Society's first missionaries 
to India. After remaining two months at Serampore and Cal- 
cutta they proceeded to Cuttack, where they arrived February 
12, 1822. Mr. Bampton removed to Pooree in 1823, where he 
labored until his death in 1830. The first mission chapel at 
Cuttack was opened in November, 1826, on the site of a heathen 
temple. The first converts were made in 1828. In 1836 or- 
phanages were established at Cuttack. Many children saved by 
the Government from the Meriah sacrifices were made over to 
the missionaries, and at" the time of the great famine in Orissa 
in 1866-67 several hundreds of orphan children were sent b\- the 
'Government to the Mission Orphanages. The mission press was 
established at Cuttack in 1838, and has done much to promote 
the enlightenment of Orissa. 

Stations were formed at Balasore in 1827, and at Midnapore 
in 1836, which were made over to the American Free Baptists. 

The Society has now four principal stations, Cuttack, Ber- 
hampore (Ganjam), Piplee, and Sumbulpore, C. P., with several 
important out-stations. 

The following were the statistics for 1885 : — • ' 

Foreign missionaries, ... ... 8 

Native ordained agents, ... ... 9 

Native Christians, ... ••• 3,393 

Communicants, ... ... 1,259 



SECRETAKIES. 

Home Secretary. — The Eev. William Hill, Derby, England. 
Indian Secy. — Rev. T. Bailey, Berhamjwrej Ganjam, 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Bailey, Thomas. B. April 11, 1837, at Barton Fabis, Leicester- 
shire, at which place he was subsequently called to the ministry. Ed. a 
General Baptist Col. at Sherwood Rise, Nottingham : Or. Sept. 17, 1861. 
A. Nov. 30, 1861. M. 1873. Has labored at Bejhampore, Russelcondah, 
Cuttack, and Piplee, mainly in the ver., but tartly in Eiigl. L. traiiBlated 



106 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Brooks' ** Precious Remedies. " H. to Eng. Jan. 1, 1872, to Oct. 24. 
1873. Ad. Berhampore^ Ganjaih. 

Barrick, Thoma Santra. B» in 1837, at Byalli, Orissa. Ed. in the 
Mission asylum, and the Col. at Cuttack. Or. Jan. 1, 1863. S. Cuttack, 
Berhampore, Piplee, Choga, and Sumbulpore. Ad. Sumbulpore^ C. P. 

Buckley, JohNv B. in 1813, at Masham, Derbyshire. Pastoral 
work at home, 1837-48. A. Sept. 1844. S. Berhampore, 1844-47 ; 
since, Cuttack ; has been engaged in revision of the Oriya scriptures, 
in training native ministers, etc. L. " Companion to the Bible" (Oriya.) 
H. 1853-55 ; 1875-70. Ad. Cuttack, Orissa, 

l)as, Haran. Or. 1867. Ad. Macmillanpatra, Cuttaclc^ Orissa. 

Das, Makanda. Or. Feb. 26, 1869. L. a number of hymns, popular 
tracts, and a paraphrase in verse of the Four Gospels Jind the Psalms 
(all in Oriya). Ad, Berhampore, Ganjam, Madras P. 

Heberlet, Percival Edwin. B. at Benares, July 21, 1854. A. 
1879. L. "Way of Salvation" (tract in verse— Oriya) ; *' Life of Christ/* 
compiled from the Gospels (Oriya). Ad. PipleCf via Pooree, Orissa, 

Hill, James Frederick. B. Aug. 12, 1863, in Berhampore, Or. 
at Derby, Eng., Oct. 9, 1884. A. Nov. 1884. Supdt. Miss. Press at 
(Ad.) Cuttack^ Orissa- 

Mahanty, Damodar, Or. 1844. Ad. Berhampore, Ganjam, Madras P, 

Miller, William. B. April 7, 1824, at Douglas, Isle of Man. 
Or. May, 1845. A. Sept. 1845. S. Piplee and Cuttack. L. Two Die 
tionaries, Engl, and Oriya ; and Oriya Synonyms : translations, " Pictures 
and Sketches of Church History," "Fulfilled Prophecy," Tract on 
Mohamedanism (Oriya) ; Tract " Praise to God " (Oriya and Sans 
krit) : Cuttack. H. 1857, 1870, 1879. Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

Naik, Ghafiu Shyam. B. in 1824, in Orissa. Baptized June 30, 
1839. Ed. at the mission school and college at Cuttdck. Or. in 1856. 
Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

Pike, John Gregory. B. March 23, 1845, at Wisbech, Eng. Ed. 
at Regents Park Col. Lon. Or. Jan. 5, 1869. Labored as pastor of 
Baptist Church, Commercial Road, Lon. 1868-73. A. Dec. 20, 1873. S, 
C-uttack, 1874-77, Berhampore, 1877-78, Cuttack, 1879, since, at (Ad.) 
Sumbulpore, C. P, 

Patra, Sebo. Or. 1841. Ad. Cuttack, Orissa. 

Patra, Tama. Or. 1849. Ad. Busselconda, Ganjam, Madras P. 

Sahoo, Shem. B. Dec. 9, 1840, at Cuttack. Baptized Aug. 3 
1856. Ed. in the Mission Col. at Cuttack. Or. Feb. 26, 1869. S. 
several years at Khoordah, as the agent of the " Auxiliary Missionary 
Society," formed at Cuttack in 1867 ; at present, Cuttack. Has written 
« tract and several hymns : translated into Oriya *' Pilgrim's Progress," 
Part First ; Bunyan's " Dying Sayings " : and " Sweet Story of Old," 
"Children of the Bible," and "Kegro servant." Has prepared Baptis- 
mal Covenant for Church members : Mission Press, Cuttack. Ad. 
Cuttack, Orissa, 

Singh, Paul, Or. 1856. Ad. Choga, Athgur, Orissa. 

VAVGH-kVyJ, Ar.-1878. Ad. Sumbulpore, C. P. 



General Baptist Missionary Society. 



lt)7 



Young, Alex. H. Ar. Jan, 1683. Labored two years as Head- 
Master Protestant School, Cuttack. Joined the Mission in Jan. 1885. 
Ad. Cuttack J Orissa. 



DECEASED MISSIOJ^ARIES, 


Names. 


Date op Arkival. 




Death, 


William Bampton ... 


Feb. 


12, 1822. 


Deo. 


17, 1880. 


James Peggs 


Feb. 


12, 1822. 


Jan. 


5, 1850. 


Charles Lacev 


Dec. 


19, 1823. 


Jan. 


8, 1852. 


Amos Sutton 


March 


ill, 1825. 


Aug. 


17, 1854. 


Joshua M. Cropper 


Dec. 


... 1827. 


Dec. 


8, 1828. 


William Brown ... 


Dec. 


... 1830. 


R. 18? 


J. D.—. 


John Goadby 


Dec. 


17, 1833. 


' R. 183' 


'.D. Oct. 1885. 


John Brooks 


April 


1, 1835. 


JR. 1845/ D.—. 


Henry Wilkinson ... 


March 


30, 1839. 


R. 1859. D.Aug. 1885. 


William Brooks, Esq. 


Nov. 


27. 1841. 


D. Not. 23. 1881. 


Thomas Grant 


Dec. 


19, 1841. 


Feb. 


4, 1843. 


John Orissa Goadby 


Dec. 


.... 1857. 


July 


27, 1868. 


Bonamalee 






0{\i 




Bamadabe 




1, 1850. 
31, 1852, 

... 1857. 
25, 1860. 
20, 1863. 


Doitaree Naik 






May 

Sept. 

Dap 


Deenabundhu ... ,.. 






Sebo Sahoo 






Ram Chundra Jacheck ... 






Oct. 


Jajannath Mahanty 
Gunga Dhor Sarangee 








1864... 
4, 1866. 






Nov. 


Jagoo Roul 
Pursooa Rout 






Jiinf 


18 1R70 








1873. 


William Bailey 








1880 






RETIRE 


D MISSIONARIES 




• -■ 


J^AMES^ 


Date 


of Arrival. 


Betibement. 


Isaac Stubbins 


Feb. 


... 1837. 


March, 


1865. 


William Hill 


Dec. 


29, 1855. 


March, 


1875. 


George Taylor 


Do. 


do. do. j 


Jan. 1872, 


J. H. Smith 


Not. 


7, 1874. 


March, 


1877.. 


Henry Wood ... 


Dec. 


... 1876. 


Nov. 1882. . 



CHAPTER Vlir. 
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND MISSIONS. 

In the month of February, 1796, two Missionary Societies 
were formed in the Church * of Scotland ; they were called the 
Glasgow and the Scottish Missionary Societies. In 1822 the 
latter Society sent to Western India the He v. Donald Mitchell, 
who arrived in January, 1823, but died about eight months subse- 
quently. Shortly before his decease there arrived three other 
laborers, the Rev. Messrs. John (-ooper, James Mitchell, and 
Alexander Crawford : and these were joined in February, 1824, 
by, the Rev. John Stevenson. These missionaries labored first 
in the Southern Concan : but this field not proving very eligible 
it was abandoned and the Mission was transferred. 

About 1825-26 the Church of Scotland became more 
thoroughly awakened in the cause of missions, and in the latter 
year a general missionary collection was made. The interest 
increased in 1827, and the C-hurch began looking about for a 
missionary. The Rev. Alexander Duff was eventually chosen, 
and is generally spoken of as the first missionary of the Church 
of Scotland. He embarked for India in October, 1829, and 
arrived in Calcutta in May, 1830. 

In August, 1835, the Rev. Messrs. James Mitchell, R. Nes- 
bit, and John VVilson (of the Bombay mission) were, on their own 
application, amicably transferred from the Scottish Missionary 
Society to the (Church of Scotland. Between 1829 and 1835 a 
flourishing educational institution had been established at Bombay. 

During the next few years the Church sent a number of 
missionaries to India, among them the Rev. Mr. Anderson, who 
proceeded to Madras to establish an institution of learning similar 
to those already in existence at Calcutta and Bombay. 

The Disruption occurred in May, 1843, and materially lessened 
the number of foreign missionaries of the Church of Scotland, 
those in India universally adhering to the Free Church ; and 
this of course caused a temporary cessation of the missionary 
operations of the Established ('hurch. The Society's educational 
institutions were re-opened soon after the Disruption ; that in 
Calcutta by the Rev. Dr. Ogilvie, who spent more than 25 years 
laboring in connection with it. At Calcutta and Bombay build- 
ings had been erected, andl these, with libraries, furniture, etc., 
remained in the hands of the C'hurch of Scotland. In 1871 these 



Church of Scotland Missions. 109 

schools contained in all near 2,000 pupils.. While the Society 
has in the main confined its operations to the Presidency seats, it 
has also taken up other stations. Sialkot in the Panjab was 
added in 1857 ; Secunderabad ' and Vellore were occupied in 
1861; Guzrat (Panjab) in 1864; Darjeeling in 1870; ^vhile 
in 1873 the Chamba mission, founded in 1863 by the liev. Mr. 
Ferguson of the Scotch Kirk, was made over to the Society. 

The Society now occupies 10 stations in India, and "has 16 
foreign missionaries and 3 native ordained agents : with 1,290 
native Christians and 393 communicants. 

Reference may hei-e be made to the '' Presbyterian Alliance 
of India." 

*' Indian missionaries, of various Presbyterian Societies 
anxious for unity, have formed themselves into a Confederation in 
order that, ^vhile retaining connection with their own distinctive 
denominations, they may act together in India as one undivided 
connnunity. The importance of the organization will be seen in 
the fact that missionaries of the following societies are associated 
with it : the Church of Scotland, the Free Church of Scotland, 
the United Presbyterian C^hurch of Scotland, the American 
Presbyterian Church, and ihe Reformed Church in America." 
The Confederation held its first conference in Allahabad in No- 
vember, 1873, and another at the same place in December, 
1875, at which time an organization called *' The Presbyterian 
Alliance of India" was formed, which is to meet* in Council 
ordinarily once in three years. The first Council w\as held in 
December, 1877, the second (at Allahabad) in December, 1880, 
the third, at Allahabad in December, 1883. 

SECRETARIES. 
Home Secretary. — J. T. Maclagan, Esq., 6, North St., David St. 
Edinburgh. 

Calcutta -—The Rev. W. Smith, Calcutta, (No General Secretary). 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSIONS. 

Coomarappen^ D. Ad. Arhonam, Madras. 

Edwards, James. (Ed, M. A.) Or. Sept. 15, 1874. S. Bombay, two 
years, since, Gen. Assembly's Inst., Calcutta. Ad. Calcutta. 

Hamilton, J. M. Ar. 1885. Ad. Calcutta. 

Harper, William. B. Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 1815. Or. Sept 
1873. A. Nov. 1873. S. Guzrat, 1873, Sialkot, 1874-84. L. 
'^Religious Ritual," both in Engl, and Urdu. "Prayer Books '* in 
Engl, to be had of the author. H. 1885. Nuio in Europe. 

Hutcheson, John. (L. R. C. P. and S. E.), B. Dumfriesshire, 
Scotland, 1847. A. April, 1870. S. Sialkot, 187u, to Nov. 1873, 
since, at Chamba, H. 1877. Ad. Chaniba,Hmal(iijas. 



110 Indian Missionary Dirkctorv. 

L(tl^ Sohun. Ad. Chamba, Himalayas. ' ■ 

Mefain, William FoTHRiNGHAM. B. St. Cyrus, Kincardineshire, 
Nov. 2fi, 1812. A. Feb. 22, 1867. W. Principal, General Assembly's 
Inst., Bumbay. II. from April, 1874, to May, 1875. Ad. Bomhay. 

Moruiso'n, J. Ar. 1884. Ad. Calcutta. 

Patersox, Charles A. B. in Glasgow, Feb. 22, 1857. A. 
Mar. 1880. Prin. C. S. High School, Vellore, to April, 1882 ; acting 
Prin., Gen. Assembly's Inst., Bombay, May, 1882, to Jan. 1884 ; Prin., 
C. S. High School, Vellore, Feb. 1884 to Mar. 1885. Since, acting 
Prin., C. S. Mission Institution, Madras, Ad. Bench, Madras. 

Patersov, Robert McCheyne. (Son of Rev. li. Paterson). B. at 
Sialkot, 1864. Went to Scotland, 1869. Ed. Glasgow Univ. (M. 
A. and B. D.) Or. and M. 1885. Ar. 1885. Ad. Siallcot, Panjab. 

Rice, Henry. B. at Bangalore, Jan. 4, 1846. Ed, at Blackhexth, 
Lon., Cheshnnt Col. and the Missionary Col. at Highgate, Lon. Or. 
Aug. 15, 1861). A. Madras, Oct. 8, 18*60. S. Coimbatoor. Transfer- 
red in Nov. 1870 to the L. M. S. Inst., Madras. In Jan. 1873 appoint- 
ed to tlie charge of Salem and Tripatoor. From March, 1875, to Nov. 
KS76 labored at Tripatoor. H. from Nov. 1876 to Feb. 1879. M.Jan. 
17,1879. Rt. in March, 1879. S. Madras. Labored in evangelistic 
work in Madras in connection with the L. M. S. until Nov. 30, 1880, 
when he transferred liis services to the Church of Scotland Mission, 
Madras. Engaged in evangelistic W. in Engl, and ver. with the over- 
sight of schools. L. " Helps to Truth Seekers, or current objections to 
Christianity considered " ( Engl. ), Bangalore Tract and Book Society-: 
'^ Theism and Anti-theism;" ** India's f|uestion, * Who is Christ?"*' 
" The True Ve la, " " Brahmoism ;" to be had at Tract and Book Depot, 
Madras. Ad. Ma/has. 

Samuel, W. Ad. Madras. 

Sinclair, D. B. East Lothian, in 1844. Ed. Edinburgh Univ. (B. 
A. 1866). A, 1869. Has labored since at Madras. W. Educational. L. 
History of India: Addison arid Co., Madras. Outlines of History of Eng- 
land, C. K. S. Press, Madras. H. 1877-78, 1885-86. Ad. Madras.^ 

Smith, William. (Ed. M. A.) Or. 1878. A. 1884. Officiating 
Prin. Gen. Assembly's lust., Calcutta, Nov. 1884 to Nov. 1885, pince, 
Prin. Ad. Calcutta. 

Sutherland, William Someks. B. Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, 
Jan. 4, 1856. Ed. Aberdeen (^graduated in 1876; M. A.) Or. in Dec. 

1879. A. Feb. 1880. Ad. Kalimpong, Darjeelincj. 

TuRNBULL, Archibald. B. Kirkliston, July 2(S, 1855. Ed. Edin- 
burgh Univ. (M. A., B. D.) Or. Edinburgh, Nov. 1879. A. Jan. 12, 

1880. Ad. Darjeeling. 

Walker, William. A. 1885. Ad. Sialhot, Panjah. 

Wilson, James. B. at Glasgow in 1886. Ed. at the High School 
and Univ. of that city. Engaged for several years in commercial em- 
ployment in Glasgow. A. as a lay missionary in 1862, and has labored 
in connection with the Assembly's Inst., Calcutta. M. in 1864. H 
1870-71: 1881. Ad. Calcutta. 



Church of Scotland Missions. Ill 

YouNGSON, John White. B. in Roseheartv, Scotland, xMarcli G, 
1852. Or. July 28, 1875. A. Oct. 10, 1875. Has labored since at Guzuat. 
L. *' Haqiqi Qurbani " in Urdu. Ad. Gazrat, Panjah. 

IL-SCOTTISH UNIVERSITIES MISSION. 

For the past two or three years a movement has been on iboo 
among the stndents^ Ijelonoing to the Missionary Associations of 
the tbnr Scottish Universities of Edinbnrgh, St. Andrew's, Glas- 
gow, and Aberdeen, \vitli a view to take united action for beoin- 
ning a mission to the heathen, the cost of ^vhich should be ^orne 
by those connected with the Universities. Considerable diffi- 
culty was experienced in findin;: a suitable field for the new mis- 
sion ; but at length the Native ^t;ite of Sikkim was fixed 
upon ; early in^ 1886 the Students' Missionary Associations of 
the four Scottish Universities unanimously resolved to occupy 
Sikkim with their mission. The Native State of Sikkim lies 
in the Himalayas, south of Thibet and north of the Darjeelinfr 
District, where the Church of Scotland has for manv years had 
a mission. The head-quarters of the new mission are for the 
})resent in Darjeeling, hnt they will be there only till such time 
as^ the mission can move into Sikkim, and erect there suitable 
mission buildings. 

The mission dates from March, 1886. At present there are 
16 Native Christians of whom 3 are communicants. 



MISSIONARY IN CHARGE. 

Maci- ARLANE, WiM.iAM. B. iu Little Dunkeld, Perthshire, 
Scotland, in 184U. Or. Jan. 1865. A. Mar. 18G.5. S. Churcii of Scotland 
Mission, Gya, 1865, Darjeeling, 187U, Calcutta, 188^j, Scottish Univ. 
Mission, 1886. H. 1881-8;3. L. Several school books and simple bookc 
for instructing Catechumens. Ad. Darjeeling, 

RETIRED AND DECEASf^D MISSIONARIES. 

Jauies Ogilvie, d. d. B. in Keith, in Banffshire, in 1811. E. at the 
Univ. of Aberdeen. A. at Madras in Jan. 1845. In 1846 he was transferred 
to Calcutta, where the rest of his life was spent. By him as Principal and 
his colleagues, the General Assemblj-'s Inst, was re-opened in 1846. In 1867 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon him by liis Alma Mater 
During the 26 years of his Indian career he never went on f uriougli. Towards 
the close of 1870 he was seized with fever ; he was ordered to Singapore ; but 
as he grew weaker he had to be landed at Penang, where he D. Ja^. 25, 1871. 

James Charles Herdman, d. d. Labored for several years in the 
Assembly's Inst, at Calcutta. Afterwards obtained a chaplaincy ,*^then became 
minister of a parish church in Melrose. Is now the Convener "of the roreiffn 
Mission Committee of the Church of Scotland. 

John Anderson. Labored for several years in the Asfcemblv's Inst 
at Calcutta. Upon taking furlough was appointed t<) the parish of Culter in 
Lanarkshire, Scotland. 



11-2 Indian Missionary Directory. 

William White. Labored for a few years in the Assembly's Inst, at 
Calcutta : then obtained charge of Presbyterian Church, Manchester. 

Charles James Cameron. E. in Canada. Labored for about two years 
in Bombay. Left about 1869 from ill-health, and proceeded to Australia. Is 
now in Canada. 

Charles Munro Grant. Or. by the Presbytery of Glasgow. Was for 
about two years in charge of a church in Halifax. Labored for two years 
amongst the educated Natives of Calcutta. In 1871 R. from ill-health, and 
is now minister of St Mary's Church, Partick, Glasgow. 

William Ferguson. Or. 1852. A. in 1853, as a missionary of the Church 
of Scotland : appointed to Bombay. Ret. liome the same or following year 
on a(fcount of wife's health. Was appointed chaplain in the army, and served 
through the Crimean War and the Indian Mutiny, being present at the siege 
and capture of Lucknow. Served in L till 1863, when he resigned his 
chaplaincy with the view of l)eginning an independent mission in Chamba. 
Labored in Chamba till 1870, when he went home. Ht. in 1872. P. in 1873, 
when his mission was made over to the Church of Scotland. 

Jacob Isaac David. Son of the Rev. Isaac David. B. at Salem, Feb. 23, 
1838. E. in the L. M. S. Inst, at Madras. Joined the Church of Scotland in 
1858. Or. 1859. S. Madras until his death, Aug. 19, 1869. 

Joseph David. Son of the Rev. Isaac David, B. at Salem in 1830. E. 
in the L. j\I. S. Inst, at Madras. Joined the Church of Scotland in 1849 : in 
I860 was licensed by the Presbytery of Madras and appointed to Vellore, 
where he continued to lal)or until his death, early in 1865. 

Thomas Hunter. B. in Aberdeen, Dec. 4, 1827. A. at Bombay in 1855. 
Labored here some months : in Oct. 1856 proceeded to the Panjab, and began 
a station at Sialkot, where, with his wife and child, he perished at the hands 
of the rebels in Julv, 1857. 

-.•. John Taylor. Or. 1859. A. 1860. S. Sialkot, 1866-67. H. 1867. D. 1868. 
''■"•r Robert Paterson. B. Lanarkshire, Scotland, 1838. E. Glasgow Univ. (B. A.) 
Or. and M. 1859. A. 1860. S. Guzrat and Sialkot. H. 1868. R. and became 
minister of Glasford near Hamilton, Scotland. 

James Paisley Lang. Or, 1868. A, 1868, S. Guzrat. Appointed chaplain, 
1875, R, to Scotland in 1877, and was elected minister of Stirling. 

Wellsley Cosby Bailey. B. at Abbeyleis, Ireland, in 1846. Came to I. in 
1869 : joined the Lodiana Mission (American Presbvterian) as head master 
of the Amballa Mission School in Dec. 1869. M. in Oct. 1871. Was ap- 
pointed Supdt. of the Lodiana Mission School in Nov, 1872 : went home in 1873 
on account of wife's health. Sent out as an evangelist to Chamba in Nov. 
1874 by the Church of Scotland. In Oct. 1879 transferred to Wazirabad. 
Ret. home in 1882. Is Indian Hon. Sec. to the Mission to Lepers in India: 
author of several pamphlets on Mission work among Lepers. Ad. 17, Glengyle 
Terrace, Edinburfjh. 

Mahomed Ismail. B. in Bombay. Converted in Gen. Assembly's Inst, in 
.1856. Or. 1869. S. Sialkot. D, 1873. 

R. Jardine, B. in 1840, Brockville, Canada. Ed. at Queen's Col. Kingston. 
(B. A. and B. D. 1866). Afterwards proceeded to Scotland and attended the 
Univ. of Edinburgh, where he obtained the degree of Doctor in Science in 
1867. Was appointed to I. and Or. by the Presbytery of Glasgow. A. at 
Bombay in Feb. 1870, where he remained one year, when lie accepted 
tlie principalship of the General Assembly's Inst., Calcutta, which he tilled 
till June, 1879, when he R. L. '' The Psychology of Cognition." 



CHAPTER IX. 

FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND MISSIONS. 

No history of the Free Church of Scotland Missions in 
India would be complete without prominent reference to the 
work done prior to 1843 at Calcutta and elsewhere. Immediately 
on his arrival in Calcutta, Dr. Duif established an educational 
Institution for the godlj training of non-christian young men 
in English Literature, Science, etc. He had specially iu view 
the conversion of souls to Christ, and thereafter the training 
of such for the Chris j Ian ministry, not only for the Church 
of Scotland, but also for other Missions and Churches co-opera- 
ting with him. As regards the latter part of his scheme he 
sought and obtained the sympathy and promise of co-operation 
from the members of the Calcutta Missionary Conference. The 
idea seems, however, to have been premature, and nothing came 
of it for many years, but it is now largely carried out in the 
Christian College of South India, at Madras. The Institution 
soon became a great success, and the names of upwards of a 
thousand boys were on its rolls. The education, as tested by 
the most experienced, was pronounced thoroughly efficient, and 
the Governor-General of the day, Lord AVilliam Bentinck, pub- 
licly declared the result as '' unparalleled." From the beginning 
the teaching of the Bible and public prayer occupied the most 
important place in the daily work of the Institution. Dr. Duif 
says that, '' while from the very first the Bible itself was made 
a school and class-book, it was so made disti/ictl^, avoioedly^ and 
exdusivehi for religious and devotional e.vercises.^^ From the 
beginning Dr. Duff also, in addition to the work in the institu- 
tion, carried on outside it evangelistic and missionary services of 
various kinds. In these his colleagues and successors also en- 
gaged, but the work, both in the Institution and outside it, as far 
as carried on directly by the European missionaries in Bengal, 
has been by means of the English language. The first converts 
of the mission were the fruit of these extra labours. They were 
Moheshd Ghose, and the late distinguished Sanskrit scholar, the 
Rev. K. M. Bannerjea, LL. D., C. I. E. They were led to the Lord 
in 1832. The first convert from the Institution was baptized the 
following year. Dr. Duff had in the meantime been joined by 
other laborers, and when, in 1834, his health had so completely 
broken down through over exertion that he was forced to leave the 



114 Indian Missionary Dirrctorv. 

country lor a few years, the work was left under the charge of 
Dr. Mackay, Dr. Ewart, and othei-s. 

The Mission was also extended by the opening of branch 
schools in the neighbourhood : but more especially by the enlarge- 
ment of the work in Bombay and Poena. In the Bombay Pre- 
sidency the missionaries gave themselves much more to the verna- 
cular languages, and the study of oriental thought and religious 
systems. Among their first converts w^ere the Parsee Dhun jee- 
bhoy Nowrojee and the Brahman Narayan Sheshadri, both still 
labouring as honored ministers, and the Rev. Hormasdjee Peston- 
jee now in the Baptist mission, Poena. The western Mission 
laboured among Jews, Parsees, Mohannnadans. Portuguese, and 
Africans, as well as Hindus speaking various languages. Dr. 
Wilson was also largely helpful in the establishment of the Irish 
Presbyterian Missions in Gujerat and 8indh. and of the United 
Presbyterian Church Mission in Rajpootana. The work at Madras 
was carried on also on the same educational plans as the Bombay 
and Calcutta Missions. Among its most distinguished converts 
were the late Rev. A. V^enkataramiah and the Ilev. J. 
Rajahgopal. The w^ork here also embraced not only the capital, 
but also the surrounding towns and villnges by means of branch 
schools and schools for girU. 

When the disruption took place in the ( 'hurch of Scotland, 
all the missionaries without excej^tion, fourteen in number, adhered 
to the Free C'hurch party, believing that it better than the other 
party represented the Church which had sent them out. The 
work w^ent on, as far as they were concerned, without any change 
of plan, agency, locality or sphere of labour, save that additional 
men were sent out. and new fields occupied. The Madras Institu- 
tion continued in the same building, being only hired, but the 
Calcutta and Bombay Institutions had to vacate th<^ old buildings 
and to obtain new ones, which they soon did. Immediately after 
the disruption, the Free (/hurch opened a new mission in Nagpur 
under the Rev. S. Hislop, by means of monev left for that purpose 
by the wife of Captain, now^Sir William HilL K. C. S. I. Other 
missions soon followed in the rural districts of Bengal, Bombay, 
and Madras. 

The rural n^issions at Mahanad in Bengal for a long time 
under the Rev. J. D. Bhuttacharjea, and that at Indapore and 
Jalna in Bombay under the Rev. Narayan Sheshadri, are of 
especial interest, but carried on on two different plans, the first 
being chiefly educational, and consequently for the young. The 
other is more purely evangelistic, and remarkable as the only 
Free Church mission in a feudatorv State. Near the place where 



Free Church of Scotland Missions. 115: 

Dr. Wilson was forbidden to preach in 1832, the Nizam's Go- 
vernment has granted a free site for a Christian Church, and re- 
newed, on favourable terms, a lease of the land on which a 
Christian village has been built professedly as a centre of evange- 
listic operations in His Highness' dominions. ,This village had 
only two Christians in it in 1864. Now there are 600. 

Pachamba, near the Kurhurballi coal mines, about 210. miles 
N. W. of Calcutta, is the centre of missionary operations among 
the Santals. In addition to smaller branch stations, there are two 
larger ones near Govindpore, Manbhoom, and in Chakye, District 
of Monghyr. This mission was opened in 1871. 

The late Rev. James Dawson counnenced work in 1869, 
among the 300,000 Gonds in and around C-hindwara, some 70 
miles north of Nagpur, and laboured among them till his 
death in 1885, assisted by catechists, evangelists, and teachers. 

With greater or less persistency, the Bombay missionaries 
have laboured to evangelize the Waralis, a jungle tribe in the 
Northern Concan, from 1831 to the present time, but not with 
such encouraging results as have followed labours given to the 
aboriginal tribes in other parts of India and Burma. 

In the end of 1885 the Honorable Ion Keith-Falconer, M. A., 
son of the late Lord Kintore, commenced a mission to the 
Mohajnmadans, making Aden his head-quarters. 

Besides these Indian Missions, the Free Church of Scotland 
carry on missionary operations on the continent of Europe, in 
Syria, in Central and South Africa, and in the islands of the 
New Hebrides in Melanesia. Altogether since the disruption 
upwards of £600,000 have been subscribed towards the Foreign 
Missions of the Free Church alone. In 1885 there were in India 
1,598 baptized adherents with 1,527 communicants in connectioii 
with the Free Church. 

The present staff in charge of 10 principal stations and 
48 branch stations are, 22 European and 10 native ordained mis- 
sionaries, 2 unordained medical missionaries, 7 European mis- 
sionary teachers, and 1 European lay evangelist. 

This does not include the work carried on by the Ladies' 
Society for Female Education in India and South Africa, commenc- 
ed in 1837 by Mrs. Margaret Wilson, the wife of Dr. John Wilson 
of Bombay. It works chiefly by means of orphanages. Board- 
ing and Normal schools for the growing native" Christian com- 
munity, Hindu day schools and Zenana teaching. This Society 
works side by side with the Foreign Missions of the Free Church, 
and is really an integral part of them, 

[K. S. M.] ■ 



ili Indun Missionary Directory. 

SECRETARIES. 

GENERAL Secy. — Dr. George Smith, Free Churcli Offices, 
Edinburgh. 

HoNY. Secy. — Dr. J. Murray Mitchell, Do. Do. 

Calcutta.— Rev. J. Robertson, Calcutta. 
Santhal Mission. — J. A. Dyer, Esq., Pachamba. 
Bombay. — Rev. D. Mackichan, Bombay. 
Madras. — Rkv. G. M. Rae, Madras. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSIONS. 

Alexander, Alexander. A. 1877. S. Madras. H. Oct. 1884. M. 
Now in Europe, 

Alexander, W. M., Esq. A. 1885. Ad. Bombay. 
Andrew, Adam. B. Dailly, Scotland, June 7, 1851. Or. June 19, 
1879, at Glasgow. A. Sept. 23, 1879. S. Chingleput. W. Ver. Adl 
Chingleputy Madras P. 

Beaumont, J. S. Ar. 1855. M. Ad. Poona. 
Brenner, James, Esq. A. 1885. Ad. Nagjmr. 
Campbell, Andrew. A. 1871. Or. 1881. W. among the Santhals. 
Ad. Pachamba, Bengal, 

5^ Cooper, Charles. B. Oct. 26, 1831, in Kincardine O'Neil, 
Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Or. Jan. 23, 1866. A. Feb. 27, 1869 
Head master, Doveton Protestant Col., Madras, five years. Joined 
the Free Church Col., Madras, in April, 1874, where he still labors. 
W. Engl. H. 1879-80. Ad. Caseemode, Madras. 

Cooper, John G. Or. in Nov. 1855, and A. at Madras in the 
%ilo^ing month. In 1856 he proceeded to Nagpur, where he has 
"since labored. H. 1870-72. Ad. Nagpur, C. P. 

De, Baikantha Nath. Or. 1880. Ad. Mahanad, Bengal. 
Be, Kedar Nath. Or. 1880. Ad. Chins urah, Bengal. 
Douglass, John. A. 1878. Ad. Nagjmr, C. P. 
Dyer, James Alexander. (L. R. C. S., Ed.) B. Leslie, Scot- 
land, July, 1848. A. Dec. 1875. H. Oct. 1877 to Nov. 1878. 
Unordained Medical missionary. Ad. Pachamba, Bengal. 

Grieve, Alexander Christie. B. Portobello, Edinburgh, May 
,9, 1847. Or. Edinburgh, Nov. 30, 1876. A. Feb. 10, 1877. M. Ad. 
Bombay, 

Hector, John. Or. at Aberdeen, Dec. 14,1871, and A. at 
Calcutta early in 1872, where he has since labored. H. 1882-83. M. 
Ad. Calcutta. 

Sack, J., Esq. A. lSS4t. Ad. Bombay. 

Macdonald, Kenneth Somerled. B.April 18, 1832, at Glen-Urqu- 
laart, Inverness, Scotland. Or. Jan. 8, 1862. A. in Calcutta, March 1 
1862 ; from Nov. 1 1873, to Feb. 1, 1875, Minister of the Free 



Free Church of Scotland Missions. lit 

Church Congregation. His Mission work lias been in the Engl, lan- 
guage. L. annotated a number of English classics, edited and annotated 
Raid's "Enquiry." Edited the Periodicals, Indian Studmit, 3 vols., 
Calcutta Christian Advocate, &c., is also author and compiler of a 
number of School and College text-books, and of Lectures on 
'• Instinct and Intelligence," "Auguste Oomte, the Positivist," (tran- 
slated and published in Bengali), '• R>ine's Relation to the Bible," the 
•' A^edic Religion," 2nd Edition, &c. II. from Dec. 1871, to March, 1873, 
March to Aug. 1877, and from Ajjril, 1884, to April, ld^5 ; Hon. Secretary 
of Bible Society from 1874 to March, 1884, (with the exception of the 
]-eriod of furlough in 1877); Hon. Secretary of the Calcutta 
christian Tract and Book Society since Sept. 1885 : Editor of the Indian 
y.cangelical Beriew since April, 1880. Assisted in securing by the great 
" Preaching Case" in the Magistrate's Court in June, 1881, the right of 
]»reaching in such places of public resort, as ilie s(iuares of Calcutta. M. 
Ad. Calcutta. 

Macdonald, Roderick N. Ar. 1876. Ad. Calcutta. 

Mackichan, Dugald. Or. 1^74. A. 1875. Prin. F. C. Col. and 
Soc. F. C. Mission. Degree of D. D. in 1881 from Glasgow Univ. Ad. 
Bombay. 

Maitra, Guru Das. B. in Bengal, Sept. 6, 1826. Or. Nov. 6, 
1*^64, by the Lodiana Presbytery at (Jmballa. S. Calna, 1852-57, Bans- 
b'-.ria, 1857-59, Lahore, 1859-69, since 1869, Calcutta, W. Pastoral. 
Ad. Calcutta. 

Malhar, David Ganpatrao. B. Aug. 12, 1857, at Dapiili. Or. Jan. 
7, 1885. Ad. Poona. 

McCuLLocH, W. Ar. 1888. Ad. Calcutta. 

Miller, William. B. at Thurso in 1838. Or. in 1862. A. in 
1862. Has been since Prin. of the Madras Mission Inst, of the Free 
Cimrch. H. during 1862. Has published a number of Lectures, 
ciiiefly historical, especially '* The Plan of History." Made C. I. E. 
in 1884, and LL. 1). in 1885. Ad. Madras. 

Misal^ Sidoba Bapooji. B. Sholapur, Sept. 1829. Ed. Ahmednagaj 
and Sirur. Or. in connection with the Am. Board in 1859. S. Sirur, 
1^59-68, Berar, 1868. In 1870 joined the Free Church Mission; has 
hi bored since at Amraoti, Berar. L. several original tracts in Marathi. 
Ad. Amraoti, Berar. 

MoMEN, B. W., Esy A. 1884. Ad. Madras, 

Navalkar, Ganjmtrao Rughoonath. Or. 1882. Ad. Alihag, Konkan 

Nihamhe, M. B. Or. 1882. Ad. 3Iadras. 

Nowrojee, Dlmnjeehhoy. B. in Gujerat, 1822. Went to Europe with 
Dr. Wilson in 1843. Ed. Free Church Col. Edinburgh. Or. Edinburgh, 
1846. Rt. 1847. S. Gujerat, 1847-59, Bombay, 1859, to the present. L. 
A tract, "Polytheism of the Parsis," Bombay Tract and Bible Society. 
Edited the " Bamclad' several years. Translated Matthew's Gospel into 
Parsee-Gujerati. Ad. Boiahaij. 

Peattie, J. C. Ak. 1884. Ad. Madras. 

PiTTEKDRiGH, George. A. 1^%6> Now in Europe. 



ii8 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Eae, George Milne. B. Udiiy, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, Sept. 
2, 1840. Or. June 27, 18'<d7. A. 1867. S. Madras. W. Professor in Free 
Church Inst, and Madras Christian Col. H. Fel). 1875 to Sept. 1876 ; 
1885. M. Ad. 3Iadra.'<. 

Rdjahgopal, P. B. about 182o. Baptized at Madras, June 20, 1841. 
In April, 1819, went tu Eng. Rt. to Madras in Dec. 1850. Or. Nov. 26, 
1861. In July, 1858, called to the pastorate of the Madras Kative church. 
In 18G3 labored for a time at Nellore : since at Madras. Ad. Madras. 

EoDERTSoN, A. ( M. D. XAr. 1885. Ad. Nayjnir. 

EoHEKTSoN, James. Or. June 8, 1871. A. in Calcutta the same 
year, wliere he lab(n-ed until Jan. 1877, when he resigned. Rejoined 
Jan.' 1881. M. 11.1883. Now in Europe. 

Scott, Robert. B. Banffshire, Scotland, Sept. 29, 1853. Or. Aber- 
deen, June 24, 1879. A. Dec. 1879. Ad. Bomhay. 

Sheshadri, Narayan. A Mahratta Brahuian : baptized at Bombay, 
Sept. 13, 1843. Or. Oct. 11, 1854. S. Bombay until 1862, when he re- 
opened the stations of Indapur and Jalna, where he has since been en- 
'>-ac»-ed. In 1873-74 he visited Europe and America. In 1880 went to 
America by way of China and Ja]3an. Degree of D. D, in June, 1886, 
from Montreal. Ad. Jalna, Nizam's Territory. 

Small, John. B. Arbroath, Scotland, Dec. 4, 1833. A. Dec. 1863. 
Or. Poona, Dec. 1SG9, S. Bombay and Poona. W. Educational and 
Evangelistic. II. July, 1874, to Jan. 1876; 1884. Ad. Poona. 

Skinner, William. A. 1884. Ad. Madras. 

Smith, Charles Michie, Esq. B. Keig, Aberdeenshire, July 13, 
1854. A. Jan. 1877. S. Madras. W. Professor of Physical Science. L. A 
few Scientific papers in the proceedings of the Royal Society of Edin- 
burgh : joint editor of Christian College Magazine. Ad. Madras. 
^STErHEN, H., Esg. A. 1881. Ad. Calcutta. 

Stevenson, William H., Esq. B. Dundee, Scotland, Mar. 16, 
1853. A. Feb. 14, 1877. S. Pachamba. H. 1!^86. Now in Europe. 

Thomson, A., Esq. A. 1882. Ad. Calcutta. 

Whitton, David. Or. July 13, 1869. A. 1869 and has eince 
labored at Nagpur. Ad. Nagpur, C. P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

James Mitchell. B. near Stirling in 1800. Or. in Aug. 1822. A. at Bomba J 

in 1823. Labored for a time m the Southern Concan. In Aug. 1835^ wa« 

transferred to Poena, where he suijsequently labored. On the Disruption in 

1843 he joined the Free Church, H. in 1853 and in 1860. D. at Poona, March 

' Robert Nesbit. B. at Bowsden, Durham, March 22, 1803. Or. Dec. 
15 1826. A. at Bombay, Sept. 19, 1827. Labored in the Southern Concan 
until Aug. 1831, when he removed to Poona. In 1834 visited the Cape of 
Good Hope, and returned to Bombay, where belabored until May, 1848, when 
he went to Eng. Rt. in Mav, 1851, continued his labors at Bombay until liis 
death (from cholera) Jidy 27, 1855. L. (1) "Discourses on Doctrinal 
Subject " (English) : (2) " Essays and Reviews :" (3) " Analysis of the 



Free OHrROH of Scotland Missions. 11 f) 

Bhagwad Gita *" (Maratlii) : (4) •• On True Atonement :" (;'») '• On Elemental 
Worship " (Marathi). 

John Wilson, D. D., F. I^. S. B. in Lauder. Dee. 11, 1804. Or. June 
24, 1828. A. at Bombay, Feb. 13, 1829. In Aiii;-. 183o he \\-as transferred to 
the Church of Scotland, and in 1843 he went over to the Free Church. In Dec. 
1835 he established tlie Engl. School, which subsequently became the Free 
Church Inst. In Jan. 1843 he visited Palestine and proceeded to Eng., where 
he remained until 1847. Rt. to Bombay in Nov. 1847, and labored steadily 
until 1870, when he Ret. to Scotland, and was chosen Moderator of the General 
Assembly. In 1871 he was again at his post in Bombay, where he labored 
until his death, Dec. 1, 1875. He was at one time President of the Bombay 
Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, and at another Vice Chancellor of the 
Bombay University. For many years he was Editor of the Oriental Christian 
Spectator. Among his literary works may be mentioned the following : 
" Expositre of Hinduism " (which has been translated into many languages) ; 
" Refutation of Mohamedanism ;" " The Lands of the Bible :" " India 
Three Thousand Years Ago:'' ''The Parti lleligion as contained in the Zend 
Avesta ;" " Memoirs of Mrs. Margaret Wilson ;" " History of the Sect of the 
Maharajas ;'' A work on the Aboriginal Tribes of this Country:'' A icorh 
on the Religious Excarationis of Western India ;" " A Work on Caste'' (not 
completed, published after his death.) : a number of tracts in different languages. 
Alexander Duff, D. D., LL. D. Born April 25, 1806, near Pitlochre, 
Perthshire, Scotland. Ed. at the Univ. of St. Andrews and the Divinity 
School of St. Mary's Col. In 1829 he was appointed a missionary to I. and 
was Or. at Edinburgh, Aug. 12, of the same year. In the following Oct. he 
sailed for Calcutta, where he arrived (after having l»cen twice shipwrecked) 
May 27, 1830. He at once set to work in accordance with his instructions to 
open an Engl, school. A beginning was made in tlie following Aug. His 
health failing, he was obliged to leave in July, 1834, but returned to his post 
in May, 1840. With the other I. missionaries, when the Disruption occurred 
in 1843. he united with the Free Church, and was thenceforth identified with 
the Free Church Inst. He left I. in 1850, and visited the Home Church in the 
interests of missionary work. In 1851 he was Moderator of the General 
Assembly. In 1854 he paid a visit to America, where he received a hearty 
welcome. The Univ. of the city of Kew York conferred upon him the degree of 
LL. D. By the autumn of 1855, finding his hecdtli sufficiently improved, he 
again sailed for I. and reached Calcutta, Feb. 16, 185G. In 1863 his health 
again failing he was compelled to take his final departure fiom L, which happen, 
ed Dec. 20, 1863. On the way home he visited Caft'raria and other mission tields. 
On arriving in Scotland, he assumed by the voice of the General Assembl}-, 
the office of Convener of the Foreign Mission Committee, and in 1867 he was 
called to the professorship of evangelistic theology. Besides other literary 
labors was the author of " India and India Missions '" (1840) and " The 
India Rebellion : its Causes and Results" fl85H). D. Feb. 12, 1878. Vide 
"Life" by Dr. Smith. 

William Sinclair Mackey, D. D. B. at Tluu-so, in Caithness, in 1807. A. 
in Calcutta near the close of 1831. In 1838 his health failed and he visited 

Van Dieman's Land. Rt. in Aug. 1839. In 1855 he was obliged to proceed to 

Scotland for his health, but Rt. to Calcutta early in 1857. lie R. in Feb. 

1862, and D. in Scotland in Sept. 1865. 

David Ewart, D. D. B. near Alyth, Sept. 24, 1806. A. at Calcutta in 

1834, and labored here continuously until Sept. 1856, when he took furlougli. 

Rt. in Dec. 1858. D. of cholera Sept.' 9, 1860. 

John Anderson. B. Mav 23, 1805, at Kirkcudbrightshire. Or. July 13, 

1836, A. at Madras, Feb. ^22. 1837, He founded the Free Church Mission 



120 Indian Missionary Directory. 

at Madras, and continiiod to labor at its liead until April. 1849, when failing- 
health compelled him to return to Europe. In Dec. 1850 he was again at 
his post in Madras, where he continued to labor until his death. Marqh 25, 

1854. 

John Macdonald. B. in Edinburgh, Feb. 17, 1807. Or. March 17,, 1831. 
A. in Calcutta, Feb. 17, 1838. He labored hero until his death. Sept. 1, 1847, 

J. Murray Mitchell, M. A., LL. D. B. in Aberdeen in 1815. Ed. at 
Marischal Col., Aberdeen, and at Edinburgh. Or. in July, 1838. A. at Bombay, 
Nov. 1838. H. 1846-47. In Jan. 1857 failing health compelled him to leave 
1. Rt. in 1859. S. Poona, 1860-Gl ; Bombay 1861-63. On ac-ount of ill- 
health went home in 1863. His health improved and he Rt. A. at Calcutta 
in Jan. 1868. Labored chiefly as Principal of the Free Church Inst, till Jan. 
1873. Ret. to Scotland in 1873. ' AV. mainly educational, with ver. preaching, 
in Marathi. L. Memoir of the Rev. Robert Nesbit : " Letters to Indian Youth 
on the Evidences of the Christian Religion" (translated into several 
languages) : '' The conflict of Ancient Paganism and Christianity :"' " The 
elements of Christian Truth :" '^ Hinduism, Past and Present," and several 
smaller books — all in Engl. Also wrote about twelve Marathi tracts, and a 
trilingual tract in metrical Sanskrit, with translations in ]\larathi, Bengali, and 
Engl. : editor of the Engl, edition of the Report of the Evangelical Alliance 
held at Basle. Switzerland, in 1879. As convener of the European Committee 
on Missions gave in a Report to the General Presbyterian Council at Phila- 
delphia in Sept. 1880 and in Belfast in 1884. On his return to Scotland in 
1873 became Secretary of the Foreign Mission Committee of the Free Chm-ch. 
Resigned this office "in 1878, and became Honorary Secretary. Rt. to India 
bv wav of China and Japan in Feb. 1881. R. 1884. Ad. Edmbyrf/h. 

' Thomas Smith. Or. May 8, 1839, and A. in Calcutta, Aug, 18, the same 
year. Visited the Cape of " Good Hope, 1841-43. H. to Eng. in 1856. Rt. 
to Calcutta earlv in 1857. His health failing he was compelled to leave I. in 
1858. At present Prof, of Evangelical Theology, New College, Edinburgh. 

Robert Johnson, B. Dec. 16, 1807, near Moffat. Or. Sept 5, 1838, A. 
at Madras, Jan. 24, 1839, He was compelled by ill-health to leave I, in Feb. 
1851, and D. at Edinburgh, March 23, 1823. 

John Braidwood. Or. Aug. 6, 1840. A. at Madras, Jan. 15, 184L After 
laboring a number of years at Madras he went on H. Rt, Jan, 28, 1856, His 
health failing he Ret. to Scotland, July 9, 1860, where he I). April 30, 1875, 

William Crichton Fvfe. Appointed to Calna as a teacher, Nov, 15, 1841. 
Or, April 29, 1860, S, Calna and Calcutta. H. 1871 : retm-ning, served as Prin- 
cipal of the Free Church Inst. D, 1884, 

Stephen Hislop. Or, Sept. 4, 1844. A. at Bombaj^, Dec. 13, 1844, and 
Nagpur, Feb. 13, '1845. He founded the Nagpur mission, in which he labored 
the greater part of the time. He visited Eng. from 1858-60, when he again 
repaired to Nagpur, where lie lal^ored until his death ; he was drowned Sept. 
4, 1863. He was noted as a geologist. 

James Aitken. B. Jan. 22, 1812, at Cupar, Fifeshire. A, 1840, Labored m 
West India. W, educational. Published a book of essays and a set of wall 
maps in Marathi, R, 1868. D, at Nandoora, Berar, in Oct., 1870, 

William Henderson, Formerly a Professor in the Elphinstone Col, 
at Bombay, Resigning his position he joined the mission and labored in it 
from Jan, 1846-49, when he was compelled by ill-health to return to Europe. 
D, at Barnstable in jNIav, 1850. 

Robert Hunter, LL. D. Or. at Aberdeen, Oct. 22, 1846, A. at Nagpur, 
March 27, 1847. He was obliged to leave I. on account of ill-health, May 17, 
1855, and Res. Sept. 3, 1857. Has written a " History of the Missions of 
the Free Church" (1873) : and other books : editor Encyclopedic Dictionary. 



Free Church op Scotland Missions. 121 

David Sinclair. B. in 1822. A. at Calcutt, Nov. 10, 1848, where he labored 
until his death, Dec. 29, 1852. 

Ebenezer Miller. Took charge of the mission at Chinsurah in Aug. 
1850. In 1857 started for Australia to recruit his health, but D. of cholera 
at Galle in the same year, 

James Drummond. Or. Sept. 5, 1850, and A. at Madras, May 24, 1851. 
His health being poor he was obliged to leave I. R. to Scotland the same 
year, 1851. 

A. Venhataramkih. Professed Christianity, June 20, 1841, at Madras. Or. 
Nov. 26, 1851. Labored at Xellore and Madras. D. 187(3. 

S. Ettirajuhi. Professed Christianity at Madras, and was baptized in' 
Aug. 1841. 'Or. Dec. 12, 1851: labored at Madras and Vellore until 1863 
when he P.es. 

Robert B. Blyth. Or. July 26, 1852. A. at Madras in the following 
Nov. Labored liere until compelled by ill-health to return to Scotland, July 
6, 1858. 

Alexander B. Camp'.^ell. Or. and A. in 1842. H. from Jan. 1862 to 
tlie close of the same year. R. to Madras and labored a few mouths when 
he was compelled to retire'. May KX 186.3. At present a minister in Markhichj 
Fife, Seoflaiul. ' 

William Kincaird :\Iitchell. Son of the Rev. James Mitchell. Or. Aug. 10, 
1852, and arrived at Poona, Jan. 20, 1853. He labored here until compelled 
bv failing health to leave I. in March, 1857. D. . 

Tliomas Gardiner. A. at Calcutta, May 29, 1853, where he labored until 
failing health compelled him to R. in May,'l859. D. in Aberdeen in 1877. 

James :\liller Mackintosh. Or. Dec. 13, 1853. A. at IMadras, Jan. 26, 1854. 
He labored here until compelled by failing health to leave I. April 5, 1869. 
D. in 1879. 

William Moffat. A. in 1854. S. Madras. D. 1859. 

John Pourie. B. Oct. 9, 1824, near Dundee. Or. Nov. 28, 1854. A. at 
Calcutta, Jan. 15, 1855. He labored here until April, 1867, when he was 
obliged to proceed to Australia for his health, where he D. in the same year. 

Prasana Kumar Chatterjee. B. of Kulin Brahmin parents about 1822, 
near Calcutta. Baptized in 1840. Ed. at the Gen. Assembly's Inst., Calcutta, 
under Dr. Duff. Or. in 1855 by the Presbytery of Calcutta. Labored 'at 
Chinsurah, both in Engl, and Bengali, L. original: (1) " Chandiamukshee,'' 
(in Bengali), (2.) ^' Gyanchandra,'' (3) " Gijanavoo)f : written in Bengali for 
school children. Translated three books from Engl, into Bengali for the 
Calcutta Tract Society : (1) "Theological Lectures for the Illiterate"; 
(•2) ^' Knowledge of Animals" : (3) " God's Wav of Peace" ; Calcutta Tract 
Depository. D. 1879. 

Jaqadlshioar Bhiiltacharjee. B. 1 823. Baptized at Calcutta by Dr. Duff, 
1841. dr. Sept. 1855. Resigned, 1885. 

Lai Behari Day. B. 1826, at Palasi, Burdwan, Bengal. Ed. at the Gen. 
Assembly's Inst., then under Dr. Duff. Baptized in 1843. Or. in 1855, and 
appointed to Calna. In 1859 travelled through North-west and Central I. 
M. in 1860 at Gogo, Guzerat. On returning to Calcutta was elected pastor by 
the congregation of Native Christians at Cornwallis' Square, and inducted 
minister of that church in Oct. 1860. Resigned in 1867, and was appointed 
Head Master of the Govt. Col. at Berhampore. In 1872 transferred to the 
Ilooghly Col. as Assistant Professor ; is now Professor of Engl. Literature 
and HisL(jry in the same. Though not now connected with any mission, he 
holds every Sunday, with the sanction of the Free Presbytery of Calcutta, at 
the mission church at Chinsurah, a service in Engl, for the benefit of the 
Europeans and others of that station. L. (1) In Bengali, for the Calcuttu 



122 Indian Mirsionaey Directory. 

Christian Tract Society, a tract on '' Vedantism," which has since been 
translated into Engl. (2) Edited in Bengali for tlie Tract Society a fort- 
nightly illustrated periodical, " The Aiwunodat/a.'' (3) Started successively 
two weekly newspapers in Engl. *' The Indian Reformer'' and " The Friday 
Review". (4.) Published in 1867 "An Antidote to Brahmoism, in Four 
Lectures :" (5.) Has written several pamphlets, such as " Searchings of Heart 
m connection with Missions :" '' Literary Beauties of the Bible :" " Primary 
Education in Bengal," etc. Is the author of '' Govinda Samanta." Macmillan 
andCo., Lon.; " Recollections of Alexander Duff:"' 1870. Nelson and Sons, 
Edinburgh ; and " Folk-Tales of Bengal,'" 1883, :Macmillan and Co., London. 
Edited the Bengal Magazine, a monthly periodical in Engl, ten years. Ad. 
(Hooghlv College) Chinsurah, Bengal. 

Alexander McCallum. Or. Oct. 'l6. 1855. A. at Madras, Dec. 2, 1855. D. 
at Bangalore, whither he had gone for his healtli, June 11, 1862, 

Joseph Frost, Esq. Licensed in 1855 at Madras : when about to receive 
ordination, he was stricken down bv cholera, and D. at Wallajabad, July 11, 
1860. 

Adam White. B.^ in Aberdeen, May 19, 1829. Or. Nov. 29, 1855. A. 
at Bombay early in 1856. He labored here until Jan. 1859, when he was 
transferred to Nagpur. He left the Free Church in 1860, aitd labored near 
Poona until his death, caused bv cholera, Mav 16, 1864. 

David H. Paterson, (F. R. C. S., Ed.) A. at Madras^ in 1856, and was 
engaged in general medical missionarv work. Left I. in 1870, and D. in 
Edinburgh, Feb. 14, 1871. 

James Wardrop Gardner. Or. Oct. 1, 1856, and proceeded to Poona. 
He labored here until his health failed, when he R to Scotland in 1871. 

James Houston, Esq. Appointed as a teacher to Madras, Oct. 19, 1859. 
Labored iiere until compelled to resign on account of ill-health, in 1863. D. 1885. 

Joseph De war. Appointed a Professor Oct. 10, 1859. A. at Bombay 
early in 1860, and labored here until his death, Jan. 23, 1862. 

Alexander Blake. A. 1859. S. Madras. R. in 1868. 

Richard Stothert. Or. Jan. 5, 1860. A. at Bomliay in the following 
month. Labored two years at Nagpur, and was then transferred to Bomba^■. 
H. in 1871. From 1872 to 1884 labored at Bombay. Res. 1885. L. Translation 
of '' Augustine against the Maniqhaeans" (T. and T. Clark) : " Sabbath Morn- 
ings with the Bombay Missions,"' etc. Ad. Bomlxtfj. 

Behari Lai Singh. Baptized at Calcutta Aug. 1843. Visited Eiig. and 
was Or. at Edinburgh, July 18, 1861. S. Calcutta and Rampore Bauleah. D. 
in Dec. 1874. 

S Ramanoojum. Or. in Fel). 1862. S. Walla jal "ad. Left the mission in 
1866. D. in 1867. 

William Robson, M. D. A. 1862. R. 1867. D. 1878. 

John Davidson Don. Or. Oct. 16, 1862, and A. at Calcutta the same 
year. Took charge of the Free Church congregation in 1868. Resigned in 
1874. Is now minister and missionary. King Williamstown, South Afiica. 

William Carslaw, M. D. Appointed to 1. July 22, 1863. A. in Madras 
the same year. Transferred to Syria, 1876. 

Ct. F. Metzger. Formerly connected with the Basel Mission. Joined 
the Free Church Mission in 1863, and labored at Chinglepat and ^Madras until 
1871, when he R. to Europe. 

William Young. A. 1864. S. Nagpur. Hes. 1875. 

James Dawson. B. Dunblane, Perthshire, Scotland, Sept. 29, 1832. Or. 
Oct. 6, 1864. A. Nov. 1864. S. Nagpore 1864, Chindwara, 1866-85. L. Original : 
" Gondi Words and Phrases ;" "Additional Gondi Vocabulary ;"' "A Skeleton 
Grammar in Gondi :"' - Gondi First Book," C. V. E. S. Allahabad. Translated 



Free Church of Scotland Missions. 123 

Gospels according to St. Matthew and St. Mark in Gondi, N. I. B. Society, 
Allahabad. H. to Scotland, 1875-76. D. Feb. 28, 1885. 

William Stevenson. B. Sept. 2(3, 1839. Or. Oct. 1864. A. Dec. 9, 1864. 
S. Professor in Central Inst. Madras. Engaged in Engl. W. M. Nov. 1867, 
H. May, 1873, to Feb. 1875. L. " Hinduism and Christian education ;" two 
Lectures, published in Edinburgh. Translated from the German, Bech's 
Outlines of Christian Doctrine ; C. V. E. S. : edited South India Missionary 
Conference Report ; Addison and Co., Madras : '' The Claims of Christ on 
the Human Conscience ;'' Bombay Tract Society. Kes. 1884. Is now 
Secretary of the Free Church Ladies' Society. Ad. Edinburgh. 

John Macmilian. Or. Oct. 10, 1864. A. at Madras in the same year. • 
Subsequently removed to Nellore. Res. 1879. 

John Dalziel. Appointed as a teacher to Nau'pur in Xov. A. Dec. 31, 
1864. H. 1874-75. D. 1876. 

Robert Angus. Or. July 10, 1-865, and A. 1865. Labored at Poona until 
1872, when he Kes. and R. to Scotland. At present lalwring in Victoria. 

Baba Fadinanji B. about 1821. Baptized at Belgaum in 1855. Or. 
Aug. 7, 1867. S. Bombay and Puona. L. Author of a number of tracts and 
pamphlets ; has edited several periodicals ; prepared al»ridged editions of 
English- Marathi and Marathi- English Dictionaries ; has also published a Com- 
mentary on a part or the whole of the Marathi New Testament. Res. in 1873. 

William Stephen. Or. July 6, 1869, and A. at Bombay 1869. Labored 
here until 1873, when he R. to Scotland. 

William Ross. B. on the Island of Islay in Scotland, May 8, 1844. A, 
Nov. 1871. Labored as Professor in the Free Church Col. Madras. D. 1876. 

Archibald Templeton. B. in Glasgow, Dec. 26, 1844. Or. in 1871. A. 
Nov. 1871. Appointed to Giridi, Pachamba, where he labored until 1876, 
when he R. 

William Elder. (L. R. C. S. Ed.) B. Dec. 23, 1845, at Buckie, Banfeshire, 
Scotland. Appointed to I. in June, 1871. A. Nov. 11, 1871. S. Madras ; ver. 
and Engl, preaching ; dispensary work and teaching. M. Dec. 29, 1874. Res. 
1884. 

Buchanan Blake. A 1876. S. Bombay. R. 1884. 

Subbaya A. Daniel. B. near Madras in 1847. Or. 1878, at Calcutta, 
*where lie labored as pastor of the Tamil and Telugu congregation until his 
death, Apr. 14, 1886. 



OHAPTEK X. 

AMEUICAN PRESBYTERIAIN MISSIONS. 

The Presbyterian (Jhnrch in the United States began its 
missionary operations in India in the year 1834, under the aus- 
pices of the Western Foreign Missionary Society. The Lodiana 
Mission thus commenced was afterwards, on the establishment 
of the Board of Foreign Missions of the General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church, made over to that body. The first mis- 
sionaries appointed to India by the Society, were the Rev. Messrs. 
John C Lowrie and William Keed, who, with their wives, arrived 
in Calcutta in October, 1833. Their instructions were to select 
a station in some part of the northern provinces if expedient. As 
the result of enquiries made at (Calcutta, Lodiana was selected as 
the station to be first occupied. Before setting out for this field, 
Mr. Lowrie was called to part with his companions, and proceed 
to the work alone. Mrs. Lowrie died at Calcutta of consumption. 
Mr. Reed was attacked by the same disease, and was advised 
to return at once to his native land. He accordingly embarked, 
but died before leaving the Bay of Bengal, and his body was 
committed to the deep near the Andaman Islands. 

Mr. Lowrie arrived at Lodiana November 5, 1831. He 
was disabled for some time on account of severe illness, and was 
obliged to repair to Simla. The mission was thereby suspend- 
ed almost a whole year, immediately after it began to exist. 

In the meantime the Rev. Messrs. James Wilson and 
John Newton had arrived at Lodiana in December, 1835, and en- 
tered upon their work. Besides the school and other duties, they 
took charge of a printing-press established in 1836. The third 
company of missionaries reached Calcutta in March, 1836. Here 
they were met by Mr. Lowrie, who, on account of failing health, 
was proceeding home (having left Lodiana in January, 1836). 
The new missionaries proceeded on their journey to Lodiana, but 
Mr. McEwen was led to stop at Allahabad which, though at 
that time isolated from the chosen sphere of the Society's opera- 
tions, has ever since been occupied. Upon the arrival of this 
reinforcement at Lodiana two new stations were occupied, Messrs. 
Campbell and Jamieson being appointed to Saharanpur, and 
Messrs. Wilson and Rogers to Sabathu. 

A church was organized at Lodiana in 1837 :. schools were 
opened and extensive itinerations made. Other laborers arrived 



AmEBICAN PRBSBTTERIAN MISSIONS. 125 

ill 188^ and in following years, and the Society commenced 
operations in other stations as follows : Fatehgarh, in 1838 ; 
Mainpm-i, 1843 : Furrukhabad, 11344 : Agni, 1845 : Jalandhar, 
1846 : Amballa, 1848 : Lahore, 1849 : Fatehpur, 1852 ; Dehra, 
1853 : Kawal Pindi, 1856 : lioorkee, 1856 : Peshawar, 1^57 : 
Kapurthala, 1859 : Etavvah, 1863 : Hoshyarpnr, 1867 : Muza- 
farnagar, 1869 : Jagrawan and Ferozepore, 1870 : Rupar and 
Jiigadari, 1872 : Morar (Gwalior), 1875 : and Morinda, in 1876. 
Fov various reasons Agra, Peshawar, and Kajjurthala were after- 
^\ <irds abandoned. In most of the stations churches Avere formed. 
The Presbytery of Lodiana was organized in 1837 : that of Lahore 
ill 1869 : that of Furrukhabad in lfc)42 : and that of Allahabad, in 
lc42. The two latter Presbyteries constitute what has since 
about 1843 ])een called the "Furrukhabad Mission." The Synod 
of North India held its first meeting at Futehgarh in November, 
1845. It may be remarked that some of the missionaries at Saha- 
ra npur and Dehra belong to the "Reformed Presbyterian'' 
Clnirch, but all the stations alike are under the control of the 
Ck'nerai Assembly's Board of Foreign Missions. 

In the Mutiny of 1857 the missions of this Societv like those 
of other Societies in North India, were greatly interrupted and 
ni(-t with heavy losses and bereavements. In the Cawnpore mas- 
sacre the Rev. Messrs. Freeman, Campbell, Johnson, and McMulliu, 
their wives and the two youngest children of Mr. and Mrs. C^amp- 
beil, fell victims to the cruelty of Nana Sahib; a devoted company 
wiio thus went up "out of great tribulation.''* Compared with 
the loss of life, and the endurance of great sutfering during the 
Mutiny, the loss of mission property was of small account : and 
yer it was a serious loss, the destruction of houses, school- 
rooms, chapels, etc., being estimated at about £24,000. A part 
of 1 his pecuniary loss was afterwards made good to the mission 
by (iovernment. 

Two other missionaries of the Society jnet with violent 
deaths. One was the Rev. Dr. Janvier of Sabathu, who v»as killed 
at a mela at Anandpur by a Sikh fanatic in October, 1863 : the 
other was the Rev. J. Loewenthal, of Peshawar, who was shot 
by his watchman in April, 1864. 

The missionaries of the Society have fi-oni the beginning- 
devoted nuich attention to the preparation of books, both orioinal 
and translations, and a large number of popular tracts have been 
written by them. The Lodiana press since its establishment in 



* Memorial of Missionciries of Fatehgarli, killed tit Cawnpiire in the 
Sepoy Mutmy. By J. J. Wakh : Philadelphia, Jo!5eph M. AVilson. 1858. 



126 Indian Missionaky Directory. 

1836 has sent forth millions of pages which have had a wide cir- 
culation throughoLit Northern and Central India. Its issues 
during the year 1885 were 215,000 copies, with lo,lt)0,000 pages : 
in at least four languages, and for eight different Societies. The 
Allahabad press was established in 1838, and continued in active 
operation undl 1857, when it was entirely destroyed by the muti- 
neers. After the lapse of several years it was re-established, Init 
on a smaller scale, and under Native Christian management. 

Educational work has been vigorously and successfully 
carried forward. In 1879 the boarding and day-schools of the Society 
in India contained 7,798 pupils, 1,882 of whom were in the 
schools at Lahore. A flourishing boarding school for Christian 
girls (established in 1858) is in operation at Dehra. A boarding 
school for Christian boys was opened in 1875 at Lahore, but 
afterwards suspended. It has been re-opened on a solid l)ase at 
Lodiana. 

The mission at Kolhapur (Bombay Presidency) was com- 
menced by the Rev. li. G. Wilder under direction of the Ame- 
rican Board in 1852. Being the first missionary to enter 
this field, i\Ir. Wilder experienced considerable opposition, and 
the people petitioned the British Government to banish him 
from the kingdom, failing, however, in their efforts. In a few 
years there was a marked change in their bearing towards the 
missionary, and many children were gathered into the mission 
schools. In 1857 Mr. Wilder returned to America on account 
of broken health, and in 1859 the mission was relinquished by 
the American Board. In 1861 the founder of the mission re- 
turned to Kolhapur, and with the aid of funds supplied by 
friends of the mission in India prosecuted his work -until 1869, 
when illne-^s again compelled him to visit America. In 1870 
the mission was taken up by the iVmerican Presbyterian Board, 
and Mr. Wilder returned to Kolha[)ur the same year. In De- 
cember, 1870, the Rev. G. W. Seller arrived from America and 
joined the mission. Other laborers subsequently arrived, and a 
Presbytery has been formed. Several Marathi books have been 
prepared by members of this mission, including two Commen- 
taries. Schools and churches have been organized, and some 
converts have been gained. 

It will be thus seen that the Society is represented in India 
by three missions, including the five Presbyteries, Lodiana, 
Lahore, Furrukhabad, Allahabad, and Kolhapur, all uniting to 
form the Synod of India. The Society occupies 21 stations and 
about as many sub-stations, -> 



American Prrsbyterian Missions. 127 

The fbllovving are the statistics of the Society for 1881 : 

Foreign missionaries ... ' 29 

Native ordained Agents ... 15 

Native Christians ... 1,743 

Communicants ... 870 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSIOXS. 

Alexander, James M. Ar. 1866. S. Mainpm-i. H. lS74-7(; 
1884-85. Ad. Allahnhful 

Basten, William. Or. 18G5. Ad. Amhalla, Panjah. 

Bergen, George Spofford. B, Nov. 1. 1S41-, at Jersey Prairie 
111., U. S. A. Or. in 1865, A. the same year. S. La]iore,"oiie year '• 
Lodiaiia, six: Amballa, six. M. in 1869. W. chiefly ver. H. 1879-8ll 
Ad. Amhalla, Paiijah. 

Bose, Jogendra Chandra. B. about 1838, at Hooghlj, Bengal. 
Served for a time as head-master of the Rawal Pindi high school. Or! 
At Lodiana in Nov. 1868. Ad. FJu'llour, Panjah. 

Calderwood, William. B. Dec. 20, 1822, in the Parish of Loch- 
winnoch, Renfrewshire, Scotland. Removed to America in 1823. Gra- 
duated in 1847 at Union College, Schenectady, N. Y. Was connected 
for some years with the Reformed Presbyterian Church, laboring as an 
agent of the American Tract Society. Graduated in 1853, at the Theol, 
Sem. of the above named Church in Philadelphia : in May, 1854 
appointed missionary to I. A. Nov. 7, 1855. S. Saharanpur. H. to 
Germany and America, 1870-72, 1882-83. M. Since 1884 has labored 
at (Ad.) Muzaffarnagar, Panjah. 

Caleb, JoJm James. B. at Bajhera in the Bareilly district. Or. 
Jan. 1871. Has since labored as pastor of the Kiittra church, Allahabad.* 
L. translations ; " Intikhah Tarihh-i-Kalisiya ; Hodge's Commentary on 
the " Confession ot Faith " (bv)th in Roman-Urdu) : original ; " Sliarir 
aur Rastbaz ka Anjam," and " Risala dar bab-i-Taslis :" N. I. T. 
Society's Depot. Ad. Allahabad. 

Carletox, Marcus Bradford (M. D.) B. in Amballa Nov 14 
1855. Ed. in U. S. A. 1869-82. A. Feb. 1882. Ad. Amballa, Panjah. 

Carleton, Marcus M. B. Aug. 13, 1826, in Mansfield, Vt., 
U. S. A, Ar. in 1855. At jjresent engaged at Santokh j\Iaj/a and Kulii 
Valley (as itinerant missionary). Ad. Amhalla, Panjah. 

Cham, Isa. B. in 1828 at Kuluwal, Panjab. ' M. in 1851. Or. 
in Dec. 1869. S. Ferozepore and Lahore. Ad. Lahore. 

Chatterjee, Kali Cham. B. near Calcutta, Atig. 23, 1839 : 
parents were Kulin Brahmans. E. in the C. M. S. school at Agurpara, 
and in the Free Chui-ch Col. Calcutta: while attending the latter, was 
baptized, Nov. 8, 1854. Remained here until 1861, then became head 
master of the mission school at Jalandliar. In Jan. 18r)6, transferred 
to the Laliore Mission Col. as j)rofessor of Logic and Mental and Moral 
Sciences : continued here until the close of 1867, when he was licensed 
to preach, and in June, 1868, was appointed to Hoshyarpur, where he has 



128 Indian Missionary Directory. 

mice labored. Or. at Lodiaua, Dec. 24, 1868. Ad. Hoslnfarpur, Fanjab, 

EwiNG, J. C. R. B. Juno 2.3, 1854, iu Pa., U. S. A. Ed. AVashing- 
ton and Jefferson Col. ( 1876) and Western Theol. Sem. (1879). Or. 
Sept. 4, 1879, A. Dec. 1, 1879. S. Fatehgarh, Allahabad, Saharanpur. 
L. original ; Magazine articles in Urdu : translations ; several small 
books in Hindi ; Translator of Hindi Tracts for Children's special 
Sei-vice Mission ; Editor Mahhzani Misild, 1883-84. At present 
lab )rIno' in Pres. Theol. Sem. Ad. Saharanpnr, N. W. P. 

Ferris, George Hendry. B. Hillsdale, Mich., U. S. A., Dec. 1853. 
Or. April, 1878 A. Jan. 18, 1879. S. Kolhapur, 1879, Pauhala, 1880. 
M. Ad. Panhala, Bombay P. 

FoRMAN, Charles William. B. March 3, 1821, at Washington, 
Ky., U. S. A. Or. July 7, 1847'. A. in Jan. 1848. S. Amballa, Nor. 
1848 : Lodiana, Jan. 1849 : Lahorje, Nov. 1849. W. has been chiefly 
ver. L. : 26 Urdu Tracts (''Justice and Mercy:'" "The Brazen Serpent,'' 
etc): "Bible Passages": "Christian Sword and Shield" (in Urdu): 
printed at the Mission Egress, Lodiana : obtainable at Eel. Book Socy. 
Depot, Lahore. H. from Nov. 1866 to Nov. 1869, and from March to 
Nov. 1880. Ad. Lahore. 

FoRMAN, Henry. B. at Lahore, Jan. 24, I860. Or. at Princeton, 
U. S. A. May 2, 1884. A. Dec. 8, 1884. In charge of Jumna Mission 
School, at ( Ad. ) Allahabad. 

GoHEEX, Joseph Millikex. B. in Feb. 1847, at Rock Spring, Pa., 
U. S. A. Ed. at Priuceton C •!. ( 1872) and at Princeton Theol." Sera. 
(1875). Or. in June, 1875. A. in Dec. 1875. S. Kolhapur. Ad. Kol- 
hapur, Bombay P. 

Goluknath. Joined the Society in 1843. Author of sev<M'al ver. tracts 
( Punjabi and Urdu). Ad. Jalandhar, Paiijab. 

Goluhiath, Henry. Ed. in U. S- A. Or. in New Brunswick, N. J. 
Ar. 1885. Ad. Lahore. 

Graham, Joseph Patterson. B. at New Lisbon, Ohio, U. S. A., 
June 12, 1847. E. at Washington and Jefferson Col., Pa. (1869) and 
at Princeton Theol. Sem. (1872). Or. June 14, 1872. A. Nor. 18, 
1872. S. Panhala, 1875-79 : since, Ratnagiri. W. ver. M. Ad. 
Sangli, Bombay P. 

Hereon, David. B. Aug. 31, 1820, in Rathfriland, County of 
Down, Ireland. Or. in Nov. 1849, and installed jDastor at Shenango, 
Pa., U. S.,A. Appointed to I. in May, 1854, by the Reformed Presby- 
terian Church, A. Nov. 10, 1855. S. Lodiana from May to Nov. 1856; 
then at Dehra until Jan. 1864. H. from 18G4 to \4pril 1868. S. 
Amballa from the latter date to Jan. 1869, Dehra 1869-78. W. has 
been both Eng. and ver. Has written a few pamphlets in Engl. H. 
to America, 1878-79. Trans, to Rawal Pindi in Dec. 18«3. Ad. 
Bawal Pindi, Fait jab. 

Holcomb, Jamks Foote. A. in 1869. S. Allahabad. H. to U. 
S. A. 1880-81. Trans, to dhau>i, 1886. Ad. Jh^msi, N. W. P. 

Inglis, T. E. Ar. 18^0. Ad. Fatehgarh, A^. W. P. 

Johnson. William F. B. Cadiz, Ohio, March, 1838, Or. 1860. 



American Presbyterian Missions. 129 

A. 1860. S. Allahabad, 1860, Fatehpur, 1861, Fateligarh, 1865. 
H. to America, 1872-74, Mainpuri, 1875, Allahabad, 1876. L. Editor 
of " Mdkhzan-i-Masihi,'' a monthly Magazine in Roman-Urdu ; Com- 
mentaries on Haggai, Zochariah, and Malachi, in Roman-Urdu ; ^' Prem 
Dohawali," couplets in Hindi on the love of Christ, with an Engl, 
translation ; " Stuti Prakash," a book of Hindi hymns to native tunes ; 
" Guru Pariksha," or Search after the Divine Teacher ; '* Des Chitr 
Mala," Pictures of many lands ; " Pratima Pariksha," and many others. 
N. I. Tract S., Allahabad. H. 1883 Ad. Washington, Pa., U. S. A. 

Kanwarsahi. B. in 1830. E. at Saharanpur. Baptized in 1856. 
Or. in 1867. Has labored since at (Ad.) Muzaffarnagar, Panjab. 

Kelso, Alexander P. Joined the Society in 1870. H. to 
America in 1881. Ad. Saharcnijnn\ N. W. P. 

Lai, Molian. B. near Hurdui, Oudh, in the year 1822. Baptized 
in Fatehgarh in 1860. Or. as pastor of the Furrukhabad city church 
in 1874. Ad. Jhansi, N. W. P. 

Lucas, James Joseph. B. in Dublin, Ireland, Aug. 21,1847. E. 
in U. S. A. B. A. degree from Centre Col. Ky. and Yale ; M. A. 
from Centre Col. Graduated from Princeton Theol. Sem. in 1870. Or. 
1870. A. 1870. S. Mainpuri, Farrukhabad, Allahabad. L. Transla- 
tions—Urdu, " Life of Dr. Judson," '^ Christian Titles" (Panjab Rel. 
Book Socy.) '^ Story of Tlmma, (K I. T. S.) ; Hindi, " Story of Ram 
Krishn Pant" (N. I. T. S.) : Original— Urdu, " Qissa Ram Dayal" (N. 
I. T. S.) " Patras ka Iqrar" (P. R. B. S.) ; Hindi, " Krishna Pariksha," 
'^ Ganesh Pariksha." H. Jan. 1881' to Sept. 1882. W. chiefly ver. 
Ad. Allahabad. 

McCoMB, James Mason. B. at Oskaloosa, Iowa, U. S. A. Jan. 
9, 1853. Graduated Washington and Jefferson Col. 1877 and Western 
Theol. Sem. in 1881. Or. Apr. 1881. A. Nov. 188^. Supdt. Boys 
Boarding School at (Ad.) Lodiana. 

McMaster, Gilbert. B. in Persia. A. about 1833. Or. Feb. 8, 
1867. S. Dehra. W. educational and evangelistic. L. several tracts in 
Hindi and Urdu. Ad. Saharanpur, N. W. P. 

Morrison, Robert. A. 1885. Ad. Kawal Pindi, Panjab. 

Morrison, William John Phillips. B. in Allahabad,^ Nov* 
21, 1839. Or. Columbus, Ohio, in 1865. A. Dec. 26, 1865. H. Apr. 
1882 to Dec. 1881. S. Lahore, 4866-68, work in Col. and pastor Engl, 
congregation : Amballa, 1869-79, school work, chaplain and 
evangelist : Saharanpur, 4879-82, pastor Engl, congregation and 
evangeUst : since, Amballa, in charge of Cantonment Mission and 
acting chaplain. Ad, Amballa, Panjab. 

NaUbaksh, Elliot, B. at Lucknow, 1834. Or. 1870. Ad. Etawah, 
N. W. P. 

Newton, Charles Beatty. B. at Lodiana, Feb. 2, 1842. E. in 
America, graduating at Washingion Col. Pa., and at the Western Theol. 
Sem., Alleghany, Pa. Or. in 1867. Ret. to India March 10, 1868. M. 
April 13, 1871. S. Lahore and Lodiana, engaged in educational 'W, 
Engl, and ver. preaching. Ad. Lodiana, 



13D Indian Missionary Directory.' 

ISTewtox, Edward Payson. B. at Lahore, in July, 1850. E. in 
A^merica, graduating at Princeton, and studying theology at the Western 
Theol. Sem., Alleghany, Pa. Or. in 1873. Ret. to India Dec. 20, 1878, 
and has labored since at Lodiana. W. Engl, and ver. H. 1884:-85. Ad. 
Lodiana, Panjah. 

Newton, Francis Janvier. B. at Sabatlm, Panjab, July 14, 1847. 
Graduated at AVashington Col. Pa., and Presbyterian Theol. Sem. at 
Alleghany, Pa. Or. in 1870. M. Sept. 27, and A. Dec. 10 of the same 
year. Has labored since at Lahore. W. chiefly ver. Has written an 
Urdu tract, " Tahqiq ul Waqiat ul Injil :" obtainable at the Mission 
Press, Lodiana. Ad. Lahore. 

Newton, John. B. Oct. 1, 1810, at Griggstown, N. J., U. S. A. 
Graduated at Jefferson Col. Sept. 30, 1830. Studied theology at the 
Western Theol. Sem. Alleghany, Pa. Or. Oct. 26, 1834. M. Ar. at 
Calcutta, Feb. 25, 1835. S. Lodiana, Sabathu, Lahore. W. preaching in 
Hindustani, Panjabi, and in Engl., superintending the press, etc. L. (1) 
a Panjabi Grammar ; (2) a Punjabi and Engl. Dictionary in connection 
with the Rev. L. Janvier : (3) translation of the N. T. into Panjabi. 

(4) a number of tracts and small books in Panjabi, chiefly translations : 

(5) two tracts in Urdu, " The Day of Judgment," and " The Integrity 
of the Scriptures :" (6) a brief Commentary on the Epistle to the 
Ephesians (Urdu), with a revised translation : (7) some small tracts in 
Hindi : Lodiana Press. H. 1851-54 ; 1870-71 ; 1881. Ad. Lahore. 

Pollock, George W. B. in Brooke Co., West Va., U. S. A. Feb. 
22, 1856. Or. Aug. 24, 1881, A. Dec. 10, 1881. S. Fatehgarh until 
Oct. 1885, since (Ad.) Mamjmri, N. W. P. 

Rudolph, Adolph. B. in Berlin, July 18, 1815. A. in connection 
with Gossner's Mission, 1839. S. Tirhoot, 1839-42, Kotgurh, 1842-45. 
Or. in connection with A. P. M. in 1845; S. Saharanpur, 1846. 
Lodiana, 1845-81 ; had charge of the High School 10 years, of Girls' 
Orphanage 11 years, of the Press 12 years. Since 1881, Supdt. Leper 
Asvium at Sabathu. H. 1856, 1870, 1877. L. Several tracts in Urdu. 
M." Ad. Sabathu, Panjab. 

Seiler, Galen Wilkins. B. at Grantville, Pa., U. S. A. Jan. 
22, 1844. Or. July, 1870. A. Dec. 10, 1870. S. Kolhapur, 1870-75, 
Batnagiri. 1875-79. H. to America in July, 1879. Rt. to Ratnagiri, 1881, 
KoTiapur, Feb. 1884. L. (Marathi) '* The Woodcutter of Gutech" and 
*' Westminster Shorter Catechism." Ad. Kolhapur, Bombay P. 

Seeley, George Augustus. B. at Calcutta in 1847. Or. at Prince- 
ton, N. J., U. S. A. Ar. in 1870, S. Fatehgarh. H. to America, 1876-79. 
M. 1879. Ad. Mainpuri, N. W. P. 

Tedford, Lyman Beecher. B. Maryville, Tenn., U. S. A. Sept, 
1851. Graduated at Maryville Col. 1877 and at Lane Theol. Sem. 
1880. Or. Sept. 12, 1880. A. :N"ov. 17, 1880. M. S. Kolhapur, 1880-82, 
since, (Ad.) Ratnagi.i, Bombay P. 

Thackwell, Reese. A. in 1859. Ad. Behra, N. IV. P. 

Tracy, Thomas. B. March 15, 1842, at Jewett City, Ct., U. S. A. 
Or, June 11, 1868. A. Nov. 6, 1869. S. Fatehgarh. W. En^l. aud 



Ameeican Presbyterian Missions. 131 

ver. M. April 2, 1872. H to America, 1880-81. Ad. Etawah, N. W. P. 

Ullmann, Julius Frederick. B. Berlin, May 22, 1817, A. in 
connection with Gossner's Mission, Nov. 1839. S. Cliapra, 1841, Benares, 
1844-48. In 1848 joined A. P. M. and was Or. by the Furrukhabad 
Presbytery, 1849. S. Fatehgarh, Mainpuri, Etawah, to 1881 ; 1882-83, 
Saharanpnr ; since, Eawal Pindi. H. 1.850, 1858, 1S6G. L. " Majmua-i 
Maiizuma," Songs for children, in Roman-Urdu (out of print): "Dharm- 
tula," '' Eeligion weighed," in Hindi, Persian-Urdu, and Engl., " Gu- 
rugyan," a Catechism in Hindi, "Sreshth Mulkatha," or " the Old, old 
Story," translated into Hindi verse, Persian-Urdu and Roman-Urdu; 
"Larkon Id Gitmala," Hymns and songs for children, in Roman-Urdu, 
with music, and in Persian-Urdu ; '' Qaid Ivusha," or Deliverance from 
Bondage, in Persian-Urdu ; " Nazmi Sawal-o-Jawab," a short Catechism 
in verse, in Persian-Urdu : " Preshnnttar" and *' Mulkatha," Cate- 
chism, and '' Old, old story," in Hindi: " Zabur aur Git," with and 
without music, Roman-Urdu (of the 516 hymns, 313 are Mr. Ullmann's): 
"Bible stories"— 0. T. and N. T ; " Gitawali," songs and hymns for 
children, Persian-Urdu and Roman- Urdu ; Catechism in Roman-Urdu. 
Hindi First and Second Books ; Christ's second Advent (Roman-Urdu); 
Rasum-nama, Manual of Forms. Ad. Hawed Findi, Panjah. 

Velte, H. C. E. in Germany. Or. at Princeton in April, 1882, 
A. Jan. 20, 1883. S. Saharanpnr, 1883-84, Amballa, 18*85 ; since at 
(Ad.) Lahore. 

Wherry, Elw^ood Morris. B. in 1843, at South Bend, Pa., U. S. 
A. Or. in 1867. M. in 1867. A. Mar. 20, 1868. S. 1868, Rawal Pindi, 
1870, Lodiana, in charge of Mission Press. Since 1884, in Theol. Sem. 
Saharanpnr. L. Original and compilations — " The Sinless Prophet of 
Islam," (Urdu), " Aina-i-Quran" (Urdu) ; a comprehensive Commentary 
on the Quran (Eng"'.), 4 vols : Trubner and Co., London. Transla- 
tions, " What think ye of Christ ?" (Urdu) ; a number of small tracts 
(Urdu) : Rel. Book Socy. Depot, Lahore. W. chiefly ver. preaching 
and teaching. H. 1878-79. Ad. Saharanpnr, N. W. P. 

WooDsiDE, John Simms. B. in Ireland, Sept. 2, 1824. Licensed in 
January, 1848. M. April 18, 1848. Or. in July, 1848. A. :N'ov. 25, 
1848. S. Saharanpnr, 1849: Dehra, 1853 : Kapurthala, 1859 : Dehra' 
1865 : H. 1873-75. W. both Engl, and ver. Ad. Fatehgarh, N. W. P. 

Wyckoff, Benjamin Dubois. B. in Warren Co., 0. U. S. A, 
May 18, 1834. Or. in June, 1860. A. Nov. 1860. S. Allahabad, 2 
years, Mainpuri, 6 vears, Furrukhabad, 4 vears, Jalandhar city, 2 years. 
H. 1869-71 ; 1875-83. Ad. Jalandhar Citij, Punjab. 

Wylie, Theo. W. J. B. about 1826. Baptized in 1841. M. in 
1846. Or. in 1859. Associate pastor of the church at Saharanpnr. 
Translations: (1) Talim-ul Iman; Persian-Urdu: (2) Kalam Flahi-ka. 
L. Qissa ; (3) Masihi Jawabdihi (Christian Responsibility^ : (4) several 
tracts : obtainable at the Mission Press, Lodiana. Ad. Saharanpnr, 

^'. w. p. 



133 Indian Missionar? Director t. 

deceased and retired missionaries. 



John C. Lowrie. A. 1833. One of the founders of the Mission. Labor- 
ed at Lodiana until 1836, when, on account of failing health, he R. Is now 
Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in 
America. 

William Reed. One of the first two missionaries. Graduated at Jeffer- 
son Col., pursued his Theol. studies at Alleghany. A. at Calcutta Oct. 1833. 
While liere his health began to fail, and he was advised to return home at 
once. He embarked in July, but his health rapidly declined, and he died at 
sea, Aug. 12, 1834. 

James Wilson. A. 1835. S. Lodiana and Allahabad. R. in 1851. 

James R. Campbell, D. D. A native of Ireland. Went to America in his 
youth. He was a member of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, A. 1830. H. 
about 1852. Labored chiefly at Saharaupur. D. at Landour, Sept. 18, 1862. 

James McEwen. A. at Calcutta in March, 1836. On the way to Lodiana 
he was led to stop at Allahabad, where he founded the mission and organized a 
church. He was compelled from failing health to leave I. in 1838 ; served 
as a pastor in New York until his death, in 1845. 

Jesse N. Jamieson, D. D. A. 1836. S. Amballa, R. in 1857. 

Joseph Porter. B. in Derby Plains, Ohio, U. S. A., Jan. 5, 1808. Gra- 
duated at Oxford. Reached Lodiana Dec. 1836. Or. Oct. 1837. H. in 1848-49. 
Labored at Lodiana ; for several years previous to his death as Supdt. of 
the press. D. Nov. 21, 1853. 

William S. Rogers. A. and Or. with Mr. Porter. S. Sabathu and Saharan- 
pur. R. to America in 1843. D. in 1873. 

' John Hunter :Morrison, D. D. B. June 29, 1806, in Orange Countv, N. Y., 
U S. A. Or. in Sept. 1837, and A. in April, 1838. S. Allahabad from June, 1838, 
to' Jan. 1841 : Sabathu and Simla to Oct. 1842. H. to America from 1843-46, 
returning to Agra, 1847 : Sabathu Dec. 1849 : Amballa to 1853 : Lahore to 
1855 : Rawalpindi to Dec. 1860. H. 1862-64 : Rawal Pindi 1864-67 : Amballa 
until Sept. 1874 : at Simla until April, 1875 : then at Sabathu. Died Sept. 16, 

1881. 

James Craig, Esq. B. m 1800. A. 1838. Was a member of the Reformed 
Presbyterian Church. Labored as a teacher at Saharanpur. D. Aug. 16, 1845. 

Reese Morris, Esq. A. 1838. Labored as missionary printer at Lodiana. 
R. 1845. 

Henry R. Wilson, D. D. Ar. 1838. Labored at Fatehgarh. R. in 1846. 
Is now Secretary of the Board of Church Extension of the Presbyterian 
Church (U. S. A.) D. in June, 1886. 

Joseph Caldwell. B. April 20, 1810, at Pittsburg, Penn., U. S. A. Ed. at 
Western Univ. Pittsburg. Or. in 1837. A. May 1, 1838. S. Roorkee. No H. 
"D. at Mussoorie, May 29, 1877. 

■ Joseph Warren, D. D. Ar. in Feb. 1839. Established the mission press at 
Allahabad, and superintended it twelve years. Wrote and translated and 
superintended translations l)y native assistants. Left I. in 1854. Remained 
at home through family aif airs. Was Chaplain in the army. Assistant in charge 
of Freedmen, and Superintendenir of Education in tlie service of the Freed- 
men's Bureau, four years. Rt. in Dec. 1872 : labored at Fatehgarh and Morar 
until his death, March 7, 1877. 

John Edgar Freeman. B. in 1809 in N. J., U. S. A. Was a graduate of 
Nassau Hall and Princeton Theol. Sem. Or. in Aug. 1838. A. with his wife 
in 1839, and was stationed at Allahabad, His wife died in 1849, and in 1850 he 



American Presbyterian Missions. 133 

went to America for his health. Rt. in 1851. Labored at Mainpuri until 1856, 
when he removed to Fatehgarh, where he remained until the Mutiny of 18q7 
led to his violent death at Cawnpore. 

James L. Scott. A. 1839. Labored at Fatehgarh and Mainpuri. R. in 
1867. D. at Dehra, Jan. 2, 1880. 

William H. :McAulev. A. 1840. S. Fatehgarh. R. in 1851. 

John C. Rankin. A^ 1840. S. Fatehgarh. R. in 1848. 

Joseph Owen, D. D. Ar. 1840. Labored chiefly at Agra and Allahabad. 
Wrote a new translation of the Book of Psalms, and also several commentaries, 
besides otlier works. D. in Scotland, in 18!)5. 

Levi Janvier, D. D. B. April 25, 1816, at Pitt's Grove, N. J., U. S. A.. 
Graduated at Princeton. A. at Lodiana in 1842. His time was divided be- 
tween preaching and translating, and throughout his course his labors were 
connected with the press. Together with Mr. Newton he prepared a Panjabi 
Dictionary, which was published in 1854. He met his death March 24, 1864, 
at a mela^ being killed by a fanatic. 

AVillis Green, M. D.^ Ar. 1842. Labored at Lodiana. R. in 1843. 

John Wray. A. 1842. Labored at Allahabad. R. in 1849. 

John Johnston Walsh. A. 1843. S. Fatehgarh, ]\Lainpuri, etc. Author 
of " :\remorial of Missionaries of Fatehgarh." R. in 1872. D. 1884. 

Royal Gould Wilder. B. Oct 27, 1816, at Royalton, Vt., U. S. A. Gra- 
duated at Andover Tlieol. Sem. in 1845. Or. 1845. A. at Bombay, Sept. 20, 
1846. Was engaged six years, teaching and preaching in the Ahmednagar 
mission until 1852, when he was directed to start a mission at Kolhapur, where 
he labored until 1875. L. (1) Original ; " Scientific Errors of Hinduism" : 
Commentary on Matthew and Mark ; and on I^uke : (2) Translations : " Jane 
the Young "Cottager" : " The Shepherd of Salisburv Plain :" " The School 
Boy" : ''Theol. Class-book." H. 1857-61 ; 1869-70. R. to America in March, 
1875. Is editor of the " Missionary Review" (Bi-monthly). Ad. Princeton, 
Neio Jersey, U. S. A. 

David Irving, D. D. Ar. 1847. S. Fatehgarli. R. in 1849. D. 1885. 

Augustus H. Seelev. A. 1847. S. Fatehgarh. R. in 1854. 

Robert M. IMunnis. A. 1847. Labored at Allahabad. Res. in 1861, 
and after\vards D. in India. 

Gopeenaih Nandi. B in Calcutta about 1807. Professed Christianity in 
1832. In the following year removed to Fatehgarh and took charge of an 
English school. Or. in 1844, and was stationed at Fatehgarh. Fatehpur having 
become vacant he was transferred to that station in 1853, where he remained 
until his death. During the ^lutiny he fied to Allahabad, but afterwards 
returned to Fatehpur. D. March 14, 1861. 

Archibald A. Hodge, D. D. Ar. 1848. S. Allahabad. R. in 1850. Now 
Professor of Theology at Princeton, N. J., U. S. A. 

Horatio W. Shaw. A. 1850. S. Allahabad. R. in 1855. 

Lawrence Gano Hav. A. 1850. Labored as missionarv printer at Allaha- 
bad. R. in 1857. 

David Elliott Campbell. B. June 7, 1825, at Mercersburg, Pa., U. S. A. 
Graduated at Marshall Col. in 1846, and spent three years at the Theo. Sem. 
at Alleghany, Pa., graduating in 1849. Or. June 5, 1850 ; M. June 29, 1850. 
A. 1851, and labored in Fateligarh until the ]\Iutiny broke out. He, his wife 
and two youngest children in company with three other missionaries and their 
wives, left Fatehgarh and attempted to reach Allahabad, but they were taken 
prisoners and put to death at Cawnpore, l»y order of Nana Sahib, June 13, 1857.' 

Robert Stewart Fullerton. B. in Ohio. E. at Athens Col. 0. and Alleghany 
Theol. Sem. A. in 1850, and labored a short time at Fatehgarh and Mainpuri, 
but within a year proceeded to Agra, where he established two schools, and 



134 Indian Missionaby Dieectoky» 

Labored until the Mutiny broke up the mission at this place. He afterwards 
labored at Fatehgarh until 1864, when he removed to Dehra. D. in 1865. 

James H. Orbison. A. 1850. S. Lodiana, Amballa, and Rawal Pindi. 
Went to America in 1868 : D. in 1869. 

Robert Elliott Williams. A. 1852. S. at Agra. R. in 1861. 

William Pratt Barker. B. Feb. 18, 1822, at South Wales, Erie Co., 
N. Y., U. S. A. Entered New York Univ. 1844 ; entered Union Theol. Sem. 
New York, in 1848. Or. 1851. Was appointed to Ahmednagar by the American 
Board in April, 1851, and A. in Boml)ay in Dec. 1853. Labored at Ahmed- 
nagar, Khokar, and Pnnplus. H. 1865. Rt. 1872. Joined the KoUiapur 
mission in 1872, and labored chiefly at Ratnagiri. His health failing he went 
to America in 1876. Afterwards labored as a missionary among the Seneca 
Indians in Western New York. Died atOgden, Utah, Jan. 16, 1882. 

George 0. Barnes. A. 1855. Labored at Lahore. R. in 1860. 

Albert Osborne Johnson. B. June 22, 1833, at Cadiz, Ohio, U. S. A. 
Graduated at Jefferson Col. in 1852 and at the Alleghany Theol. Sem. in 
1855. A. in 1855. S. Fatehgarh, where he labored about eighteen months : 
perished at Cawnpore in June, 1857. 

Edward H. Leavitt. A. in 1855. S. Lahore. Went to America in 
1857. D. 

Isidor Loewenthal. B. in 1827 at Posen, Prussian Poland, of Jewish 
parents. He emigrated to America in 1846. In 1847 he secured a position 
as teacher in La Fayette College. In the autumn of the same year he made 
a profession of Christianity. He graduated at the Col. and taught several 
years. In 1852 he entered Princeton Theol. Sem., where he afterwards gra- 
duated. While engaged as a tutor, he received an appointment to the new 
mission to the Afghans. He was licensed in 1856 by the Presbytery of New 
York, and sailed for I. in August of that year. When he arrived, near the 
close of the year, he went to Peshawar, which was his field of labor. He 
translated and published the New Testament in Pushto, and, at the time 
of his death, had nearly completed a Dictionary of that language. He was 
noted for his linguistic and other literary labors. At the early age of 38, 
in 1864, he came to his death by violence at the hand of his watchman, who, 
it is said, mistook him walking in his garden at night for a robber and shot 
him. 

Robert McMullin. B. in Philadelphia, U. S. A., Nov. 30, 1832. Gradu- 
ated at the Univ. of Pennsylvania in 1850, and three years afterwards at 
Princeton Theol. Sem. M. July 14, 1856. Or. the same month. A. at Calcutta 
in Jan. 1857. Labored for a few months at Fatehgarh, and was called to his 
reward at Cawnpore in June, 1857. 

John Ne\vton, Jr. B. at Lodiana, March 4, 1838. E. in America, gradua- 
ting with B. A. at Princeton and with M. D. at the Univ. of Pa. A. in 1858. 
S. Lahore, Kapurthala, Sabathu. Besides medical practice engaged in preach- 
in ver. and Engl, and in teaching. L. several tracts in Urdu and Panjabi, and a 
Commentary on Colossians ; procurable at Allahabad and Lodiana : also a 
treatise on " Leprosy" (Engl.) Or. in 1868. II. to America in 1875-76. 
Rt. and labored at Sabathu until his death, Julv 29, 1880. 

Augustus Brodhead, D. D. B. May 13, 1831, at Milford, Penn., U. S. A. 
Or. in 1858. A.April 4, 1859. S. Mainpuri, Furrukhabad, Allahabad, W. ver. 
L. original, Miscellany (LTrdu) ; Hynms (Urdu and Hindi) : translations, several 
works in Urdu and Hindi ; and Hymns in the same. H. 1869, and in 1876-77. 
R. in 1876. Ad. Bridgeport, N. J., U. S. A . 

Edward H. Sayre. A. in 1863. S. Etawah. R. in 1869. 

Ale5an<ler Henry. A. in 1864. S. Lodiana. D. in 1869. 



American Presbyterian Missions. ' 135 

Joseph H. Myers. B. about 1838, in Ohio. Or. in May, 1865, and A. the 
same year. Labored at Lodiana until his death, in Nov. 1869. 

Ishwara Das. B. about 1827. He was one of the Fatehpur orphans 
(of 1837). He became a Christian and a teacher in the high school at Fur- 
rukhabad. During the Mutiny he was obHged to flee for his life with other 
Native Christians. L. a Manual of English and Urdu ; a series of Urdu text 
books for schools, etc. After his return from America he published a small 
volume of his impressions and experiences in that land. He also wrote in 
English, " Domestic Manners and Customs of the Hindus." He took the prize 
for the best essay on " Female Education in India," and also for the best 
treatise on Theology, the latter being a volume of over 400 pages. After the' 
Mutiny he was licensed to preach by the Furrukhabad Presbytery. At the 
close of 1865 he was Or. and appointed to Fatehpur. His health, however, 
soon began to fail, and at the end of a year he was sent back to Fatehgarh, 
wdiere he D. in 1866. 

Francis Heyl. A. 1867. S. Allahabad. I^. 1882. 

Theodore Stephen Wynkoop. B. Nov. 22, 1839, at Wilmington, Del. 
U. S. A. Or. in Oct. 1864. Pastoral work at Huntingdon, Long Island, 
1865-68. A. Dec. 31, 1868. W. ver. S. Allahabad. R. to America 1877. Ad. 
Washington, D. C, U. S. A. 

Samuel Henry Kellogg, D. D. B. Sept. 6, 1839, at Quogur, L. I.. U. S. A. 
Or. April 20, 1864. A. June 3, 1865. Labored at Ft tehgarh until April, 
1871 : H. till Nov. 1872 : at Allahabad until March, 1876, when he proceed- 
ed to America. W. chiefly ver. L. A tract, " A Living Christ" (Presby- 
terian Board Publictiiion, Philadelphia) : A Hindi Grammar ; obtainable at 
Allahabad, and also at Calcutta and Lon. : also several vols, recently published. 
Is now Professor of Theology at Alleghany City, Pa., U. S. A. 

James Johnson Hull. B. in Ohio, U. S. A. in 1847. Graduated (A. B.) 
at Washington and Jefferson Col., Pa., in 1869, entered the Western Theol. 
Sem. the same year. Or. 1872. A. in Dec. 1872. M. in Dec. 1874. H. to 
America in 1879. D. 1884. 

John Neil McLeod. B. near Agra, in 1826. Or. 1873, S. Roorkee. D. 1878. 



(CHAPTER XL 
THE BASEL aERUM EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

This Society has its name from tlie city of Basel (or Basle or 
Bale) in Switzerland, quite close to the German frontier, and may 
at present be considered as the Missionary Society for the greater 
part of Southern Germany, i. e,^ Wilrttemberg-, Baden, Alsace, 
and the whole of Switzerland. Wilrttemberg had a great share 
in the founding of this Society, and continues to give the largest 
contribution in men as w ell as in money, while the other provinces, 
just mentioned, take their honest share in the work, and especially 
the city of Basel which has proved itself worthy of being the 
centre of this German-Swiss Society. 

The sioht of heathen Cossacks in Basel on their march into 
France was a powerful impulse to believers to form this Society 
in the year 1815. At first the Society did not intend to begin 
foreion missions of its own, but only to educate Christian youths 
for mission w ork and to give them over to other Societies to be 
sent out to foreign countries. With this object in view a close 
connection was formed with the Church Missionary Society. As 
many as ^8 missionaries passed from the Basel College to this 
Society, and amongst them are some well-known names, i7>., the 
Rev. Messrs. Gobat, Pfander, Weitbrecht, Leupoldt, Schmid, 
Reuther, Rhenius, Schatfter, and many others. 

For some years past, however, the Missionary Society at Bremen 
has been receiving missionaries from the college in Basel for its 
mission in Western Africa, w^hilst at present the majority of men 
fit for the tropics are sent out in the service of the Basel Mission- 
ary Society itself. A number of able men, either supernumerary, 
or not deemed strong enough for tropical climates, have been sent 
as Pastors to German Colonists in Southern Russia, North and 
South America and Australia. 

It is somewhat difiicult to give the total number of the missioji- 
aries and pastors that have been sent out from the college in 
Basel. The ordained and imordained European agents of the Basel 
Society in China, India and Africa amounted at the end of 1885 
to 141: persons, actually at their posts. 

The title " EvangelkaV^ sufficiently expresses the religious views 
entertained by the Society. The founders, the supporters, the 
members of the Committee, the students and the missionaries be- 
long to different established churches of the several countries in 
Germany or of the various cantons iu Switzerland. This cirgum- 



Basel Missionary Society. 137 

stance, and the" fact that the missionaries have been ordained by the 
ecclesiastical authorities of the different established churches in 
Germany and Switzerland, proves that they cannot be called Dis- 
senters. The diversity of church constitution and the different 
shades of creeds are not considered weighty enough to prevent 
their working in unity and harmony at home and abroad. Fur- 
ther, as their ritual and prayers are a selection of the best formulae 
laid down in the several Agendae of Lutheran and Reformed 
Churches, and as their teaching is purely scriptural, they are neither 
^' Sectarians' nor '' Eclectics," and humbly trust to be purely 
evangelical, the more so as their endeavour is not to plant any 
particular Church which bears a national colouring, but to implant 
sound Christian principles, yea, Christ himself in the hearts of 
Hindus and other heathen peoples and tribes. 

In 1833, vvhen, on the renewal of the Charter to the East 
India Company, India was opened to settlers from foreign coun- 
tries, the Basel Missionary Society at once resolved to establish a 
mission there, and in 1834 sent out three missionaries, the Rev. 
Messrs. Hebich, Lehner, and Greiner, who arrived in Mangalore, in 
South Canara on the Western Coast, on the 30th of October, 1834. 
The mission was reinforced in 1836 by four, and in 1839 by five 
new arrivals. In 1837 Dharwar, in the South Mahratta country, 
was taken up as the second station, and in 1839 Tellicherry in 
Malabar was added as the third station. Thus, three, stations at 
great distances from each other, in three different districts with as 
many different languages, Tulu, Canarese, and Malayalam, had 
been occupied, and from these centres, the surrounding country 
was more and more pnt under regular systematic work, and also 
dotted with stations and out-stations. North Canara was also 
brought within the extent of the operations by the opening of a 
station at Honore. In 1846 another district, the Nilgiris, was 
taken up in consequence of Mr. Casamajor's legacy made for this 
purpose. In 1853 the operations of the Society were extended by 
Dr. Mogling to the Coorg country. Several trials were made 
in Veittiri and Mannautoddy between 1872-82 to get a footing ^ iu 
the Wynaad, but the scheme had to be given up. The Indian 
missions of the Society extend now over a strip of country about 
400 miles in length and on an average 200 miles in breadth, and 
occupy the following districts : — 

stations. 

South and North Canara ... ... 6 

Coorg ... ... ... 2 

South Mahratta ... ..* ... 5 

Malabar ... ..• .*• 6 

Nilgiria ... ... ... 2 

Total ... 21 



138 Indian Missionaey Directory. 

About one hundred out-stations are also occupied. 

The mission work done by the Society may be viewed under 

four heads : 

1. Evangelization or preachino- to the heathen, which of late 
years has received particular attention. 

2. The pastoral ivork of the congregations, always considered 
a most important task, which has of late years devolved more on 
Native pastors and Native assistants. 

3. The educational work, which is of two kinds : (1) purely 
Christian schools, beginning with the elementary parochial school 
ooino- up to Middle or Preparatory Schools, which boys commonly 
ente? at the age of 14 years, and where they remain four years, 
after the lapse of which, some enter the training classes to become 
school-masters, others the Catechist Seminary, to study there for 
four years and qualify themselves as catechists and Native pastors. 
The chief aim of the Seminary is to ground the young men in 
Bible knowledge and theology. The lessons are given in the 
vernacular, yet English receives due attention. Greek is taught to 
enable them to read the New Testament in the original. There is 
also an Evangelist's school in the South Mahratta country, which 
1^ something between our middle school and the Seminary. 
There assistant catechists are educated : some of the young men, 
however, complete the course of their studies in the Seminary at 
Mangalore. 

(2). Elementary vernacular schools for heathen, or mixed 
elementary schools for Christians and heathen, and further Anglo- 
Vernacular and high schools for Christians and heathen, where 
religious teaching goes hand in hand with the imparting of secular 
knowledge. 

The Society, with many thanks to God and the British and 
Foreign Bible Society at London, mentions gladly that a number 
of Bible-women have been at work during the past two years, 
carrying the Gospel to Hindu and Mohamedan women. 

Attention is also given to female education. The Society is 
anxious to do more in this direction and desires to see the nation- 
alities among whom it labors shaking off their prejudices and 
heartily co-operating with it. 

The number of pupils in the various schools (93 in all) 
on the 1st of January, 1886, was 4,09(3. 

4. The Indastrial and Mercantile establishments are a part 
of the characterisitic features of this mission. They are not worked 
by mission funds but Jy separate funds,, and managed by a separate 
industrio-mercantile -Committee who are members of the General 
Mission Committee at' Basel. Tliese establishments were called into 
existence by the necessity of providing suitable occupations for 



Basel Missionary Society. 139 

poor converts and catechumens who otherwise would be without 
the means of a livelihood, further to apprentice boys from the 
boarding-schools or orphanages to honest and Christian trade, and 
to raise Christians from pau]:>erism to a decent Christian life. 
Many people now earn their daily bread in a healthy way by honest 
labor, and the European Superintendents as well as the working 
expenses of the several establishments without being any burden 
to the managing C-ommittee, far less to the mission funds with 
which they have not the slightest connection, are not only selfr 
supporting, but in their part help to support the mission. There 
are now fourteen establishments in the different stations, viz., 
three mission mercantile branches, six weaving establishments, 
three tile factories, one mechanical establishment and one 
Carpentry. The work in each of these is begun daily by scripture- 
reading, exposition, and prayer. 

Besides these there is in Mangalore a printing press, where 
books and Tracts in Canarese, Malayalam, and Tulu are published ; 
also printing in English, Tamil, and San><krit is being done. A 
Tract and Book Depository, which is the editing firm of 
C'hristian Books and Tracts and some school books by a thoroughly 
organized system of Sub-Depots, difiPerent selling agencies, and 
a staff of about eight Colporteurs, sells the productions of the 
press all over the country. 

All the above named establishments are conducted by a 
number of lay Missionaries who are placed in their several 
spheres of activity, as well as in what concerns their rights on a 
footing of equality with their ordained brethren. There are now 
59 ordained and 20 lay Missionaries in the field and on furlough. 

The following statistics (January 1, 1886,) indicate the pro- 
gress since 1856 : — 

Foreign Missionaries 
Single and married Ladies 
Native ordained Agents 
Native Christian, 
Communicants ... 

[E. D.] 



1856. 


1866. 


1876. 


1886. 


33 


U 


63 


79 


15 


32 


41 


54 


. . . 


1 


6 


10 


2,015 


3,392 


5,904 


8,513 


921 


1,680 


2,696 


4,445 



SECRETARIES. 



Home Sec'y. — The Rev. Th. Oehler, Basel Mission House, 
Basel., Switzerland. 

Secretary for India. — The Rev. A. Maenner, Mangalore^ 
Madras P. • 



140 Indian Missionaby Dibectory. 

- MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Aaron, Daniel. B. 1830, at Bangalore, Or. 1872, Ad. Udapi, . 
Madras P. 

Altenmueller., H. Esq. B. May 27, 1851, Prussia. A. 1877. 
M. In charge of the Mercantile Branch at (Ad.) Mangalore, Madras P. 

Andrea, Samuel. B. 1843, at Mangalore. Or. 1885. Ad. Bocha- 
patna. Bangalore, Madras P. 

Bachmann, H. B. June 6, 1853, in Switzerland. A. 1880. M. 
W. Pastoral and educational. Ad. PaJcjliaut, Madras P. 

Baumann, James, Esq. B. January 29, 1849, in Switzerland. 
A. 1874. M. Supdt. o! Tilery at Jeppoo. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

Benner, Gotthilf, Esq. B. Not. 2, 1850, in "VViirttemberg. A. 
1877. M. Supdt. of Carpentry at (Ad.) Calicut, Madras. P. 

Berli, D. B. April 25, 1855, in Switzerland. Or. and A. 1885. 
Ad. Mercara, Coorg. 

Brasche, J. Andrew. B. January 22, 1846, in Prussia. A. 18G9. 
M. W. Educational and ver. preaching. Supdt. of Mission Schools 
in Canara and Coorg. Ad. TJdapi, Madras P. 

Brunner, Emil. B. Eeb 12, 1863, in Switzerland. A. 1885. Assist- 
ant in the Mechanical Establishment at (x\d.) Mangalore, Madras P. 

Chandran, Paid. B. in 1810, in Chombala, Malabar. Or. 1867. Ad. 
Telliclierry, Madras P. 

Daimelhdber, H. B. Sept, 17, 1848, in Wiirttemberg, Or. 1869. 
A. 1870. M. H. Mar. 1879 to Oct. 1880. W. ; formerly ver. preaching 
in the Tulu country and in Coorg, now pastoral and itinerating at 
(Ad.) Euhli, Bombay P. 

Daur, Immanuel. B. March 15, 1859, in Wiirttemberg. A. 
1885. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

Diez, C. a. Ernest. B. Dec. 24, 1826, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. 
1851. M. W. pastoral, evangelizing and literary work in Malabar 
and Wnyaad. L. Edited Dr. Gundert's Malayalam and English Diction- 
ary ; a Grammar of the Malayalam language in Malayalam, etc. Chair- 
man of the Malayalam Bible-Revision-Committee. Since 1880, Theol. 
teacher in the Sem. at (Ad.) Mangalore, Madras P. 

DiGEL, Thomas, Esq. B. July 28, 1840, in Wiirttemberg. A. 
Jan. 1865. M. H. Mar. 1879 to Jan. 1881. W. formerly Supdt. of the 
Weaving Establishment, Mangalore: now itinerating preacher forK. 
Canara. Ad. Honore, Madras P, 

DiLGER, W. B. B. Dec. 12, 1855, i^ W^iirtten berg. Or. and A. 
1880. M. W. pastora"! and educationa''. Editor Illustrated Ma''aya"'am 
Magazine (monthly). Ad. Tellicherry, Madras P. 

Eble, G. B. Apr. 19, 1852, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1876. M. W. ver. 
preaching formerly in Coorg and now at (Ad.) Mulhj, Madras P. 

EisFELDER, Frederic. B. 'Noy. 10, 1850, in Preussen. A. 1882. 
M. W. secular agent for South Mahratta and itinerating. Ad. Iliihh', 
Bombay P. 



Basel Missionary Society. 141 

Elsaessee, TheodorEj Esq. B. April 18, 1844, in Wiirttomberg. 
A. 1867. M. W. formerly the head of the Mercantile Branch at Calient ; 
since, 1886, general agent and treasurer of the Mission. Ad. 3IangaIore, 
Madras P. 

Ernst, Charles. B. Oct. 15, 1853, in Baden, Germany. A. 1881. 
M. W. Itinerancy. Ad. Bettiglierri^ Gadag, Bombay P. 

Fernandez, Dieqo. B. 1831, in Kalaniundhur, South Canara. Or. 
1872. Ad. Midky, Madras P. 

Feuchter, Charles, Esq. B. Sept. 25, 1842, in Wiirttemherg. 
A. 1873. Snpdt. Tiling Works at (Ad.) Cahcut, 3Iadras P. 

FiEG, J., Esq. B. Dec. 21, 1851, in Baden, Germany. A. 1879. M. 
In charge of the Weaving Establishment at (Ad.) Calicut, Madras P. 

Fischer, Johannes. B. Sept. 30, 1856, in Wiirttemherg. Or. 
and A. 1881. M. W. Itinerancy. Ad. Ilonore, Madras P. 

Francke, George. B. June 10, 1869, Prussia. A. 1883. S. Kudroli 
Tilery. H. 1886. Noiv in Europe. 

Frohnmeyer, F. B. Dec. 12, 1850, in Wurttemherg. A. 1876. M. 
W. educational and literary at Tellicher}^ and Calicut. H. 1885. Now 
in Europe. 

Funk, John, Esq. B. Not. 11, 1859, in Wiirttemherg. A. 1883. 
W. Supdt. Tileworks, Kudroli. Ad. Bangalore, Madras P. 

Furtado^ Immanuel. B. 1852, in Caimanore. Or. 1885. Ad. 
Gudde, Udapi, Madras P. 

Furtado, Sebastian. B. 1830 in Mangalore. Or. 1866. Ad. Jcppoo, 
MangaJore, Madras P. 

Gengnagel, Lewis. B. Dec. 12, 1845, Crumstadt, Hessen, 
Germany. S. 1875-81, Honore, since, Basrur. Or. and A. 1875. M. 
W. chiefly itinerating in the District. Ad. Basrur, Kundajmr, 
Madras P. 

Gojar, Charles. B. 1845, Mangalore. Or. 1878. M. Ad. 
Shirva, TJdapi, Madras P. 

Graeter, J. Benignus. B. ]\Iay 12, 183.'^, in V/iirttemberg. A. 
1863. M. Was Chairman of the Mission and Principal of the Theol. 
Sem. at Mangalore. H. 1885. Now in Europe. 

Grimm, John, Esq. B. :N'ov. 25, 1860, in S^Yitzerland. A. 1883, 
Manager, Mercantile Branch at (Ad.) Mercara, Coorg. 

Grossmann, Gottlieb. B. Nov. 30, 1848, in Switzerland. Or. 
and A. 1874. M. H. Mar. 1883 to Aj^r. 1885. W. pastoral and 
itinerary. Ad. Guledgud, BagalLvt, Bombay P. 

Hafner, John. B. May 9, 1845, in S^Yitzerland. Or. and A. 
1871. M. H. Apr. 1881 to Apr. 1884. W. Formerly itinerary in 
North Canara then in charge of IMission Station Mulky, now head of 
the North Coorg Mission. Ad. Mercara, Coorg. 

Halbrock, Edward E. G., Es(?. B. May 18, 1856, in Bielefeld, 
Prussia. A. 1876. M. In charge of the Mercantile Branch at (Ad.) 
Calicut, Madras P. 

Hanhart, Leonh Gottlieb. B. May 25, 1831, in Switzerland. 
A, 1857. M. S. Cannanore. H. 1884. Now in Europe. 



142 Indian Missionatiy Directory. 

Hartmanx, Eudolf. B. April 1, 1831, in Switzerland. One of the 
revisers of the Tulu New Testament. A. 1859. M. Formerly in charge of 
the Orphr.nage in Udapi, afterwards Karkala. H. 1880. Now in Europe. 

Hauri, Eudolf, Esq. B. Dec. 25, 1852, in Switzerland. A. 1873. 
M. Formerly in charge of Mercantile Branch at Mangalore. H. 1885. 
Now in Europe. 

Hermelixk, Jeax.B. July 18, 1848, in Hanover. A. 1874. M. W. 
A^ernacular preaching in Miilky and Kotagiri. One of the revisers of 
the Tula New Testament. H. 1885. Now in Europe. 

HiRNER, GoTTLOB, EsQ. B. Aug. G, 181G, in Wiirttemberg. A. 
1871. M. H. Apr. 1880 to Oct. 1882. Supdt. of the Mission Press 
at (Ad.) Mangalore, Madras P. 

HocH, Mark. B. March 18, 1854, in Switzerland. A. 1876. M. 
W. Formerly Supdt. of Mission Schools of Canara and Coorg. Edu- 
cational and literary work. Editor of a religious Canarese Monthly 
JVlagazine. Theological teacher in the Seminary at (Ad.) Mangalore, 
Madras P. 

Hole, Charles. B. Oct. 25, 1859, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1884. 
Ad. Codacal, Tiroor, Madras P. 

Jacohi, Joseph. B. 1824, at Vellore. Or. 18G8. Ad. Quilandy, 
Calicut, Madras P. 

Jans, James. B. June 20, 1855, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1879. M. W. 
former"'y educational at Palghaut, now itinerary. Ad. Chombala, Make', 
Madras P. 

Keppler, Christiax. B. Nov. 12, 1849, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1879- 
M. W. Pastora"" and ver. preaching. Ad. Udapi, S. Canara, Madras P. 

Kittel, Ferdinand. B. March 17, 1832, in Hanover. Or. and A. 
1853. M. W. Formerly itinerary, now literary. Author, translator, and 
editor of several Philological, Christian, and School books, in classical 
and modern Canarese. For some years engaged in compiling and editing 
a large Canarese-English Dictionary. Ad. Dharwar, Bombay P. 

Knittel, Herman. B. Dec. 19, 1857, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and 
A. 1882. M. W. Pastoral and itinerary. Ad. Guledgud, Bagalkot, 
Bombay P. 

Knop.loch, Julius. B. Sept. 14, 1838, in Baden, S. Germany. A. 
Oct. 1865. M. H. 1878. W. has been ver. preaching, educational and 
pastoral. L. edited a Children's Hymn book and a few smaller tracts. 
One of the revisers of the Malayalam Bible. Since 1885 Chairman of 
the Basel Mission in India. Ad. Calicut, Madras P. 

Kraff, Johannes, Esq. B. Aug. 16, 1858, in Switzerland. A. May 
1878. M. In charge of the " Basel Mission Book and Tract Depository" 
at (Ad.) Mangalore, Madras P. 

Kuehnle, Gottfried. B. March 30, 1850, in Wiirttemberg. A. 
1878. M. W. Formerly ver. preaching, now pastoral and itinerary. 
Ad. Codacal, Tiroor, Madras P. 

Lauffer, James. B. January 4, 1834, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1856. 
Or. 1871. 'M. W. Formerly Supdt. of Carpentry at Calicut, no^ 



Basel Missionaey\ Society. 143 

secular agent for the Malabar District, parochial and itineraiy. Ad. 
Choova, Cannanore, Madi-as F. 

Layer, John. B. ~Nov. 11, 184G, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. 1873, 
M. W. Formerly educational and ver. preaching on the Nilgiris and 
in Soutli ]\Iahratta, now educational. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

LiEBEXDORFER, EuGENE. B. Feb. 16, 1852, Wiirttemberg. A. 
1875. M. Formerly pastoral and educational work at Tellicherry ; since 
1883 has pursued medical studies at Basel ; is to return to India as a 
medical missionary. Xow in Europe. 

LiMBACH, Samuel. B. March 23, 1861, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and 
A. 1883. M. W. Educational. xVd. Dharwar, Bomhay P. 

LuETHi, Benedict. B. May 13, 1855, in Switzerland. A. 1884. 
Ad. Bettigerry, Gadag, Bombay/ P. 

Luetze, William. B. May 15, 1819, in Wiirttemberg. A, 1875. 
M. W. Illducational and itinerary, formerly in Hubly. S. Mahratta, 
now at (Ad.) Kaiti/, Ootacamand, Nihjiris. 

Mack, John. B. May 18, 1834, in Baden. S. Germany. A. 1859. 
M. W. Educational and ver. preaching. L. Has written several 
school books in Canarese. H. 1880. Now in Europe. 

Maenner, Augustus. B. July 22, 1828, in AYiirttemberg. Or. 
1857. A. Feb. 1858. M. H. May, 1875, to Oct. 1876. W. Pastoral and 
literary. Chairman of the Dists. of Canara and Coorg, and Secretary 
of the Basel Mission in India. One of the revisers of the Tulu N. T. 
Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

Matthissen, Francis. B. Aug. 18, 1839, at St. Petersburg, 
Russia. A. 18G7. Or. 1881. M. Was formerly secular agent for the 
Malabar District, and did educational work. L. Has written several 
tracts in Malayalam. Principal of Mission High School at (Ad.) 
Calicut, Madras P. 

MuLLER, J. Frederic. B. January 27, 18oG, in Wiirttemberg. 
Or. and A. 1861. M. H. 1874, 1877. AY. Educational at Man- 
galore and at Kaity, Nilgiris. Gen. Supt. of Mission Schoools. Ad. 
Kaitij, Ootacamund, Nilgiris. 

NuEBLiNG, William. B. May 25, 1846, in Baden, S. Germany. 

Or. and A. 1871- M. S. Honore. W. Chiefly vernacular preaching, 
H. 1885. JSfow in Europe. 

OsTERMEYER, JoHN, EsQ. B. Juiic 22, 1855, ill Bavaria. A. 1873, 
• ]\I. Formerly engaged in the Mercantile Branch at Calicut. At present 
studying in the Mission College at Basel for the evangeKzing depart- 
ment. Xow in Europe. 

Ott, Paul. B. Nov. 1, 1845, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1871. M. 
One of the revisers of the Tulu N. T. Pastoral and educational work at 
(Ad.) Mulh) Madras P. 

Padii/attu, Jonas. B. Mahe, 1843. Or. 1855. Ad. Calicut^ 
Madras P. 

Peter, Gustavus, B. July 26. 1857, in Switzerland. A. 1885. Ad. 
Calicutj Madras P, 



144 Indian Missionary Directoky. 

Pfleiderer, Charles, Esq. B. April 8, 1850, in Wiirfctemberg. 
A. 187J:. M. Formerly General Agent and Treasurer of the Mission at 
Mangalore. H. 188G. Noto in Europe. 

liELLSTAB, James, Ei^q. B. ISTov. 1, 1860, in Switzerland. A. 1884. 
W. Assistant in the Weaving Establishment at (Ad.) Cannanore, Mad- 
ras P. 

Bitter, Gustavus. B. March 20, 1841, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1869. 
M. W. Pastoral and ver. preaching. One of the revisers of the 
Tulu I^. T. Ad. Udapi, Madras P. 

RuHLAND, Adolph. B. Feb, 7. 1851, in Ehenish Bavaria. A. 1876. 
M. W. Pastoral and chiefly itinerary. Ad. Palghaut, Madras P. 

ScHAAL, Charles. B. Nov. 21, 1855, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. 
1883. W. Educational. Ad. TellicJierry, Madras P. 

Schaible, Matthew. B. Feb. 6, 1859, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1883. 
W. Itinerancy. Ad. Karhda, S. Canara, Madras P. 

Schenke'l, Rudolf. B. July 28, 1850, in Baden, S. Germany. A. 
1874. M. H. March, 1882, to Nov. 1883. W. Formerly in charge of 
orphanages at Hubly, now head of the South Coorg Mission. Ad. 
Anandapur, Coorg. 

Schmolok, William. B. Sept. 12, 1839, in Baden, S. Germany. 
A. 1869. Or. 1878. M. W. S^updt. of Mission Schools in Malabar; 
in charo-e of (Ad.) Cliomhala, MaJie, Madras P. 

ScHOENTHAL, W. P., EsQ. B. Sept 3, 1843, in Baden, S. Germany, 
A. 1870- M. Snpdt. of Weaving Establishment at (Ad.) Cannanore, 

Madras P. 

SiKEMEiER, AYiLLiAM E. B. May 27, 1843, at Amsterdam, Holland, 
A 1870. M. W. Formerly in charge of Book and Tract Depository, 
and then of the Basel Mission Press, now pastoral, educational, and 
itinerary. M. Kotagiri, Nilgiris, Madras P. 

Soens, Jared. B. at Mangalore, 1849. Or. 1885. Ad. Uchila, 
Midhj, S. Canara, Madras P. 

Staib, Ferdinand, Esq. B. April 30, 1851, in Wiirttemberg. A. 
'1881. M. W. Supdt. of the Mechanical Establishment at (Ad.) 3Ian- 
qalore, Madras P. 

Stierlen, F., Esq. B. Sept. 29, 1853, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1880. M. 

• W. Formerly Assistant in Weaving Establishment at Cannanore ; now 
Supdt. Balmattha Weaving Establislnnent. Ad. Mangalore, Madras P. 

Stokes, AVilliam. B. Feb. 18, 1837, in I. Ed. at Basel. Or. and 
A. 1860. M. W. Formerly in charge of an orphanage and ver, 
preachino- at Kaity, Nilgiris ; now of out-stations and ver. preaching. L. 
Has written several Canarese tracts. Ad. Udapi, JSkalras P. 

Strobel, Theophil. B. Apr. 8, 1861, in Prussia. A. 1885. Ad. 
Cannanore, Madras P. 

Veil, John, Esq. B. Dec. 14, 1853, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1875. 
M. ^Manager of Mercantile Branch at (Ad.) Mercara, Coorg. 

Veil, F. Fredeiuc. B, July 16, 1819, in Wiirttemberg, Or, and 

• A, 1872. ^M. W. Formerly in charge of the North Coorg Mission, 
l! a Collection of Coorg Proverbs. H. 1886. Now in Europe, 



Basel JIissiokahy Society. 140 

Wagner, Gottlieb. B. Marcli 28, 1846, at Baden, S. Germany. 
A. 1872. M. W. Educational and pastoral at Palgliaut and Codacal, 
then itinerary at Cliombala. H. 1884. Now in Europe. 

Waidelich, John. B. Nov. 3, 1859, in Wiirtte mberg. A. 1885 
Ad. Hubli, Madras P. 

Walter, Simeox. B. Marcli 3, 1841, in Switzerland. A. 1866. 
M. W. Formerly pastoral and educational. H itinerary at Palgliaut, 
Cannanore, and Cliombala, now at TellicLiery. One of the revisers of 
the Malajalam Bible. Chairman of the Malabar and Nilgiri Districts. 
Ad. Tellicherry, Madras P. 

Walz, Theodore. B. April 30, 1843, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1866. 
M. W. Formerly educational and yeriiacular preaching. Editor of a 
Canarese monthly for Christians, and author of several tracts, Since 
1885 in charge of station and institutions at (Ad.) Bettigherrt, 
Gadag, Bombay P, 

AVarth, Christian David. B. April 30, 1853, in Wiirttemberg, 
Or. and A. 1878. M. W. Itinerancy, Ad. Bijapoor, Madras P. 

Weismann, Immanuel. B. January 18, 1855, in Wiirttemberg. A. 
1878. Or. 1881. M. W. Pastoral and educational. Ad. Cannanore, 
Madras P. 

Ziegler, Frederic. B. May, 8, 1832, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1862. Or. 
1878. M. W. Formerly educational at Mangalore, and pastoral, 
educational and itinerary at Dharwar. Author of several Canarese 
School books. H. 1886. Now in Europe. 



RETIRED AND DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Albrecht, F. H. B. April 31, 1816, in Saxony. Or. and A. in 1842. S. Dharwar 
and Honore. From 1855 to 1861 acted as travelling agent of the Society for 
Middle Germany. R. in 1866. D. 1868. 

Aldinger, Ch. B. Jan. 4, 1826, in Wurttemberg. Or. and A. in 1855. 
Labored in schools and in charge of congregations. R. in 1866 : is engaged 
since as travelhng agent of the Society in Wurttemberg. 

Ammann,F. B. July 6, 1816, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1839. One 
of the founders of the Tula Mission. Labored in North and South 
Canara : ver. preaching, and literary work. Translated the N. T. and the 
Psalms into Talu. D. Jan. 2, 1864. 

Bach, Louis. B. 1856, in Alsace. A. 1880. R. 1881. Pastor. Ad. 
Warren, Macomh Co., Mich , U. S. A. 

Bergfeldt, E. H. B. Jan. 7, 1838, in Prussia. A. 1860. R. 1874. 
Travelling agent for the Society in Germany. 

Boesinger, G., Esq. B. July 23, 1323, Baden, Germany. A. 1848. Supdt, 
of Workshops at Mangalore until 1852, when here igned the Mission service. 
Ad. Ootacamund. 

Bosshard, J., Esq. B. Dec. 27, 1827, in Switzerland. A. in 1856. 
Labored as manager of the colonies, Codacal and Chowa. R.in 1866. 
D.Nov. 21, 1874. 

Bourquin, A- B. April 8, 1848, in Switzerland. Or- and A. in 1871. 
Labored in Malabar. Left the Mission at the close of 1875. Nov: in Europe* 



146 Indian Missionary tjiRECTOiiY. 

Brigel, J. J. B. Dec 4,1832, in Wurttemberg. A. in 1859. Did pastoral 
work at Mangalore. Author of a Grammar of the Tulu language, it. 1875. 
Kow minister in Wiirttemberg. 

Brunner, K. B.Nov. 1, 1831, in Switzerhmd. Or. and A. in 1860. 
E.inl8C6. Has since served as a pastor in North America. 

Biichmuller, J- B. March 9, 1841, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1865. 
W. Educational atPalghaut until his death, at Calicut, Nov. 13, 1866- 

Buehler, M. B. Dec. 28, 1817, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1846. 
Labored on the Nilgiris : ver. preaching, and educational work. Noted as 
a linguist. D. of cholera, Julv 7, 1854. 

Blihrer, Adam. B. Jan. 29, 1815, in Switzerland. A. in 1842. W. Pas- 
toral and ver. preaching in the Tulu country 1842-65 and on the Nilgiris from 
1865 to 1880. One of the translators of the New Testament in Tulu, and 
author of some Christian books in the same language. R. 1881. New at Basel. 

Burckhardt, F. G. B.Nov. 20, 1829, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. 1859. 
S. Tellicherry and Mangalore. E. in 1869. Now n)inister in Wiirttemberg. 

Burckhardt, Adolf, Esq. B. Dec. 8, 1848, in Switzerland. A. 1872, 
Mercantile branch. D. while travelling by train in Jollerpett, May, 1881. 

Camerer, Gustavus. B.Jan. 22, 1831, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1854. 
S. Udapi. D.Nov. 9, 1858. 

Convert, P. A. B. Sept. 17, 1832, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1857. S. Cali- 
cut. W. Ver. preaching and educational. K. in 1867. French minister in Schaff- 
hausen until his death in 1872. 

Costa, T. B. in 1834, at Shemoga, Mysore. E. in Basel. Or. 1861. Labor- 
ed in the Anglo-A'er. school, Dharw^ar. Left tlie Mission in 1876. Employed 
in the educational department under Government. 

Deggeler, B. B. April 27, 1822, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1846. 
Labored in South Canara : ver. preaching and scliool-work. 11. in 1858. Has 
served since as pastor of a German colony near the Caucasus. 

Dehlinger, J. B. Apr. 30, 1809, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1838. E. in 
1840, with broken health. Died 1864. 

Deuber, Z. B. May 21, 1842, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1866. S. Hoiiore 
and Hubly. R. on account of ill-health in 1871 ; has labored since as city 
missionary in Alsace. 

Dol)ler,_ Aug., Esq. B. Sept. 24, 1845, in Surinam. A. in 1872. K. 1879. 
Now pastor in Newark, North America. 

Essig, C. B. Sept 17, 1814, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1839. La- 
bored in South Mahratta. D. of cholera, at Malasamudra in 1845. 

Finkh, A. B. Nov. 30, 1831, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1857. 
Labored in the Catechist Seminary at Mangalore. R. in 1865: D. on the way 
home, and was buried at Corfu. 

Frey,H. B. I\Iarch 21, 1809, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1836. S. 
Hubly. R. on account of ill-healtli in 1843. Was ship-wrecked at Mauritius, 
and proceeded in another vessel, which had scarcely reached St. Helena, when 
it was demolished. He remained there as chaplain until his death, 1870. 

Fritz, J. M. B. June 6, 1815, in Alsace, Germany. A. in 1839. W. 
Chiefly ver. preaching. One of the revisers of the Malayalam Bible, and 
author of some Malavalam tracts. Was Chairman of the Basel Mission in 
India and of tlie Malabar District. R. in 1880. D\ Dec. 8, 1883, at Strassburg. 

Greiner, G. B. May 10, 1810, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1834. Labored at 
Mangalore and in the South Canara District. R in 1855 : labored as pastor of a 
German colony in North America. Died 1877. 

Grieshaber, J. L. B. June 13, 1847, in Wuritemberg. Or. and A- iu 
J871, Labored at Guledgud, R. in 1874 to enter the Ministry at home. 



Basel Missionary SociETr. 147 

Gimdert, Fr., Esq. B. March 7, 1847, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1868. Was mana- 
ger of tlie Book and Tract Depository at Mangalore. R. in 1870 on account 
of poof liealth. Snpdt. of Book Depository at Calw, Wiirttemberg. 

Gmidert, H. Ph. D. B. Feb. 4, 1814, in Wiirtttemberg. Or, and A. in 
183G, in connection with Mr. Norris Groves' ]\Iission. Joined the Basel ]\Iission 
in 1838. Labored chiefly in Mahxbar ; in ver. preaching, school and literary 
work. Author of several works in Malayalam, linguistic, theological, and 
practical. Translator of the N. T. Poetical Books of the 0. T. and the Pro- 
phets which form the basis of a new revision of the Malayalam Bible now in 
progress. Since his return in 1859 to Europe he has been actively engaged in 
editing Missionary and other literature. 

Gundert, Samuel. B. Aug. 4,1840, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1863. Labored 
chiefly in i\Ialal)ar, also on the Nilgiris, and from 1874 at Mangalore as theolo- 
gical teacher in the Seminary. D. in May 8, 1880. 

Haerlin, Emmerich B. Nov, 5, 1843, in Wiirttemberg : engaged in pastoral 
work several years before coming to India. A- 1873. W. Educational and ver. 
preaching. R. 1881. Now minister of the State Church in Wiirttemberg. 

Hahn, C F. R, Esq. B. Feb. 17, 1833, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1857. 
Manager of the colony Anandapur ; labored also at Bettigherry. E. in 1871, 
Was principal of a home for destitute children at Wiirttemberg until his 
death, March 28, 1875, 

Hall, M. B. Feb. 12, 1812, in Wiirttemberg, Or. and A. in 1841. Labored at 
Bettigherry, until his death, in 1845. 

Haller, .1., Esq. B. Feb. 15, 1825, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1851. Snpdt. of 
weaving establishment at Mangalore until 1807, when he resigned the Mission 
service and took to coffee planting in Coorg. D. Apr, 19, 1878, whilst' entering 
the Bombay harbor. 

Handrich, J. B. Aug. 18, 1830, in Bavaria. Or. and A. in 1856. S, Dharwar. 
D. in 1859. 

Hasenwandel, William. B. Oct. 20, 1843, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1872. 
W-. Vernacular preaching M. D.Apr. 16, 1885, in Bettigherry. 

Hauff, H. B. Sept.' 8, 1825, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1858. Labored 
at ^langalore. Was chairman of the South Canara District, Pi. in 1866. Is 
now a minister in the State Church of Wiirttemberg. 

Ilausser. Godfrev. B. May 7. 1829, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1856. 
S. Mulky. D. in ISoS. 

Hebich, Samuel. B. April 19, 1803, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and appointed 
to I. in 1834. Engaged in ver. preaching, and was the means of many con- 
versions. R. in 1859. D. May 24, 1868. (Vide Memoir, obtainable at Mangalore.) 

Hesse, John. B. June 2, 1847, in Esthland, Russia. Or. and A. in 1869. 
Labored in the Nilgiris and at Mangalore. R. 1873 on account of ill-health. 
Has since been engaged in literarv labors for the Society at Basel. 

Herre, William. B. Sept. 27, 1831, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1856. W. Educa- 
tional at Tellicherry ; pastoral, educational, and itinerary at Palghaut. Joined 
the Leipzig Lutheran Society in 1863. Ad. Cuddalore, S. Arcot, ^ladras P. 

Hiller, C. B. Apr. 10, 1811, in Wiirttemberg. Or, and A, in 1839. Labored 
in South Mahratta. R. in 1852. Afterwards labored as pastor of German colo- 
nists in North America. , Died — 

Hoch, W. B. May 6, 1820, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1846. Was prin- 
cipal of Mission (Engl.) school at Mangalore. R. in 1860. Was travelling agent 
of the Society in and about Frankfort until his death, April 2, 1865. 

Huber, J. B. in Switzerland, Nov. 21, 1814. Or. and A. in 1842. Labored 
at Calicut : ver, preaching ; and school work. R. in 1855. Served as travelling 
agent of the Society for Switzerland till 1870 : afterwards copastor of the 
hospital at Basel. D. Jan. 15, 1881. 



14$ Indian Missionaby Directoky. 

Huber, J. B. Feb. 28, 1834, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1857. 
Labored at Hubly, ver. preaching. Was chairman of the Mission. K. ia 
1869. Since 1871, pastor in U. S. A. Ad. Attica, Wyoming Co., N. Y. 

Huebner, Nath. B. March 21, 1848, in Prussia. A. in 1871. W. Educa- 
tional and ver. preaching. R. 1879. Now minister in Cassel, Prussia. 

Huettinger, Charles, Esq. B. Dec. 5, 184G, in Baden. A. in 1871. Supdt. 
of mechanical workshop. R- 1881. Supdt. of tile works in Durlach, Baden. 

Hunziker, J., Esq. B. May 20, 1831, in Switzerland. A. in 1856. La- 
bored as Supdt. of the press at Mangalore. R. in 1863. Labored afterwards 
as town missionary in Zurich : since 1870, as minister in U- S- A. Ad. Bremen, 
Wabash Co., Minn. 

Prion, Ch. B. July 6, 1812, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1841. S, 
Tellichen-y : ver. preaching and literary work. Author of several school booksM> 
and tracts in Malayalam. R. in 1861. Has since served as Missionary- 
Secretary in the Grand Duchy of Baden. 

Kamsica, J. B. in 1818, at Mangalore. Or. in 1878. Native pastor 
at Karwar ; Pensioned since 1880. 

Kaufmann, P. B. Oct. 19, 1828, in Baden. Or. and A. in 1853. La- 
bored at Mahratta and Coorg. in ver. preaching. R. to Europe in 1869, and 
D. sliortly after having arrived at Stuttgart. 

Kaundinya, Hermann Anandras, B. March 20, 1825, at Mangalore. ^. 
at Basel. Or. 1851- W- Charge of congregation. Translator and author of 
some Christian works, and one of the translators of Canarese Commentary on 
theN. T. Pensioned since 1881. Ad. A nandapnr, Coorg. 

Keuler, Fr. B. Feb. 8, 1834, in Wiirttembeig. Or. and A. in 1856. S. 
Mangalore, in charge of the Engl. School. D. in 18c;8. 

Kies, J. G. B. Feb. 25, 1821, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1845. 
Labored in South Mahratta : literary work, care of congregations and schools. 
Author of a number of Canarese school-books and tracts. R. in 1866, and 
proceeded to North America as pastor, where he D. 1872. 

Kittel, Jabbo. B. in Hanover. A. 1867. S. Tellicherry. R. in 1876. 
Now minister in East-Frise, Hanover. 

Knausenberger, J. B. Dec. 18, 1853, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1878. W. 
Vernacular preaching and schools at Bettigherry. S. Mahratta country. M. 
R. 1884. Now curate in Baden. 

Kohler, Andreas. B. Sept. 1847, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1873. Itinerary 
preacher among the Badagas on theNilgiris. D.May 30, 1876. 

Krauss, Ch. F. B. May 3, 1835, in Wiultemberg. Or. and A. in 1860 
Labored in Nilgiris and at Dharwar. D.July 6, 1871, from an attack of* 
fevercaughtonhislasttour, and which became fatal as he was returning home, 
chiefly by the uncharitableness of the people who refused him even a drink of 
water. 

KuUen, S. B. in W^iirttemberg. After several years of pastoral work at 
home was appointed to Lin 1851. Labored in the catechist school at Manga- 
lore, R. in 1855. Afterwards went as a missionary to the Jews at Beyrout, 
where he D. 1865. 

Langel, J. Louis. B, Dec 7, 1840, in Switzerland. Or, and A. in 1868. Labored 
in South Canara. R. in 1873, afterward engaged in evangelistic work in Canada, 
and now in Neuchatel, Switzerland. 

Layer, John. B. June 20, 1812, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1836. 
Labored in South Mahratta and North Canara. The author of two popular 
tracts in Canarese. R. in 1849. Has since served as pastor of a free congrega- 
tion in Wiirttemberg. 



Basel MissioNAny Society. 149 

Lehmann, F. B. Oct. 20, 1823, in Bavaria. Or. and A. in 1848. Labored 
in North and South Canara. R. in 185lJ : went afterwards to America 
as pastor of a German colony, where lie D. in 1879. 

Lehner, H. B. in Wiirttemberg (or Baden). A. in 1834 along with Rev. 
Messrs. Hebich and Greiner. Was engaged in ver. preaching in South Mah- 
ratta and North Canara. R in 1848. D. ^185."). 

Leonberger, J., Esq. B. Jan. 6, 1822, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1849. 
Labored as manager of Christian colony at Malasannidra. II. in 18G2. 
Afterwards went to America, where he is engaged in evangelistic work. 

Loesch, A. B. Aug. 30, 1811, in Sasonv. Or. and A. in 1830. R. in 
1840, on account of failing health. D. 1842. 

Linder, Charles. B. June 26, 1840, in Baden. A. in 1868. W. ver. 
preaching in Malabar. R. 1880. Pastor at Princetown, 111., U.S. A. 

Mengert, H. B. June 16, 1814, Bremen, Germany. Or- and A. in 1839. 
After some vears joined the S. P. G. Mission in Guzerat, 1841. D. 1876. 

Merkle, A. B.July 31, 1845, at Baden. Or. and A. in 1872.iS. Chowa. R. in 
1875 : is now pastor in New Bremen, Anglaise Co., 0., U. S A. 

Metz, J. Fr. B. June 29, 1819, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1843. Educational work 
in Mangalore, where he introduced European Weaving. Zealous preacher 
among the hill tribes on the Nilgiris. R. 1873. D.July 8, 1885, near Tuebingen. 

Metzger, G. James. B. Jime 20, 1835, in Wiirttemberg, A, 1880. Educational 
work at Palghaut. In 1863 joined the Free Church of Scotland Mission at 
Madras. Now tutor at Stuttgart. 

^lieg. Max. B. Nov, 4, 1885, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1878. Educational and 
ver. preaching, Nilgiris and Tellicherry. K. 1883. Is now a minister 
in the State Church of Wiirttemberg. 

]Mogling, H. Ph. D. B. May 29, 1811, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A, 
in 1836. Labored chiefly in South Canara and Coorg. The author and editor 
of several works in Canarese, philological, theological, and Bible trans- 
lations and tracts. One of the revisers of the Canarese Bilde. R, in 1860. 
After his retirement served as a minister in the State Church of Wiirttemberg. 
D.May 10, 1881. 

Moricke, C B. Feb. 10, 1882, in Wiirttemberg. A. 1845. Labored in 
South Mahratta, but chiefly on the Nilgiris, where he gathered together 
the first congregation. R. in 1865. D, 1866. 

MuUer, Ch. B. Jan. 21, 1819, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1842, W, literary, 
educational, and ver. preaching. The author of a number of tracts and school 
books in Malayalam ; editor of ^lalavalam periodicals ; and one of the revisers 
of the Malayalum Bible. R. 1878. 

Muller, G F. B.in Wiirttemberg, Or. and A. in 1842. Labored at Telli- 
cherry : in charge of the orphanage, congregation, and engaged in literary 
work. Author of several tracts. R. in 1855. Has served since as Missionary 
Secretary for Wiirttemberg. 

Muller, John. B. Jan. 15, 1813, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1829. 
Labored at Ilubli ; ver. preaching and care of congregations. After 
twenty-three years of uninterrupted labor D. at his post, I)ec."28, 1863. 

Muller, John, Esq. B. March 7, 1845, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 186G. 
M. Head of the mercantile branch atMercara. R. 1878. Assistant of mercan- 
tile branch at Basel. 

Muller, S., Esq. B. in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1848. Labored as superin- 
tendent of clock-making workshops in Mangalore until 1854, when he entered 
the Public Works Department. Died— 

Mulil, Alerh. B. in 1822, at Cannanore. Or. 1875. W. Vernacular preach- 
ing D. Cannanore, Oct. 27, 1885. 



150 I}^DiAN Missio\UBY Directory. 

Pfleiderer, Gottlob, Esq. B. Sept. 28, 1829, in Wiirttemberg-. A. in 1854, 
formerly treasurer and general secular agent of the mission, and head of the 
mercantile branch at Mangalore. R. in 1880 Is now agent of mercantile and 
Industrial establishments of the Mission. Ad, Basel. 

Plebst, G., Esq. B. Aug. IG, 182.3, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1851. Labored 
as Sup't of the Mission press, which had previously' been a lithographic one. 
He added a typographical press, and made many other improvements, includ- 
ing an Engl, department. Also established the tiling works at Mangalore. 
R. in 1869, and has since labored as travelling agent of Young Men's Association 
for South Germany. 

Eamavarmaj Jacob- B. Nov, 28, 1814, at Tripoonittura, Cochin, son of the 
Rajah Vira Kerala. Bapt. April 5, 1835, by Be v. Ridsclale. Joined Basel 
Mission in Sept. 1843. Or. 1856. D. of small-pox Feb. 11, 1857. 

Beinhardt, L. Ph. B. Sept. 12, 1836, in Baden. Or. and A. in 1859. S. 
Tellicherrv : educational work, andver. preaching. R. in 1871. 

Renter, Ch. Esq. B. July 12, 1833, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1867. Supdt. 
of the mission press. D. in Mangalore March 6, 1871. 

Richter, G. B. May 4, 1829, in Baden. Or. and A. in 1855. Principal of the 
Central School in Mercara, as a missionary, until 1863, since as a Government 
official. 

Riehm, R. Esq. B. March 8, 1833, in Baden. A. in i860. Was Treasurer 
of the Mission, and of the mercantile branch, Mangalore. R. in 1872 on account 
of poor health. D. Sept 25, 1878. 

Roeck, Christian. B. Xov. 6, 1836, in Baden. Or. and A. in 1864. Labored 
at Codacal and at Chowa. R. in 1876. Now German pastor, Morrison, Brown 
Co. Wis., U. S. A. 

Roth, William, B. Feb. 11, 1828 in Baden. A. in 1857. W. Pastoral, educa- 
tional and itinerary in South Mahratta. D. Fel). 27, 1885, at Hubli, 

Sauvain, F. B. Dec. 26, 1829, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1854. S. 
Chicacal : in charge of the orphanage. R. in 1860. Labored as pastor 
in North America. D. May 23, 1883 at Bole, Switzerland. 

Schauttler, Ph. F. B. in Wiirttemberg Dec. 26, 1835. A. in 1860. W. 
pastoral, and educational work in Calicut. R. 1879. Now minister in the State 
Church in Wurttemberg. 

Schlunk, C, Esq. B. Jan. 31, 1831, in Prussia. A. in 1858. Was Treasurer 
of the Mission. R. in 1864. Embarked in trade on his own account. 1). 
in April 23, 1879, at Calicut. 

Schlunk, F., Esq. B. :\[arch 21, 1841, in Prussia.^ A. in 1862. Labored 
at Calicut in the mercantile department. R. in 1864. Now mercliant in 
Bremen, Germany. 

Schmid, Gustav, Esq. B. Oct. 24, 1840, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1870. 
Assistant in the mercantile branch at ^Mangalore. D. June 22, 1870. 

Schmidli, li. C, Esq. B. :\Iay 11, 1830, in Switzerland. A. in 1861. 
Supdt. of the Colony Choova, near Cannanore. D. at sea on his way 
home, 1865. 

Schnepf, Willi. B. Dec. 29, 1842, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 
1866. Labored at Mangalore and Anandapur. R. 1871 on account of ill- 
health : has since served as city missionarv and of late as curate in Alsace. 

Schober, Carl, Esq. B. Dec. 8, 184''l, in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1867. 
Was in charge of the mercantile branch in Calicut. R. on account of ill- 
health in 1873. D. 1882. 

Schoch, S. G., Esq. B. Dec. 13, 1835, in Switzerland. A- in 1857. M. 

Supdt. of weaving establishment at Cannanore, where he D. Oct. 9, 1876. 

Schweizer, Edward. B. July 28, 1840, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 

1866. Labored in Udapi and Mangalore. R. in 1870 : has served since 



Basel Missionary Society. loi 

as pastor to a German colony in America. Ad. 17, Jacob Street, Trov, 
N. Y., U. S. A. 

Spering, Arnold. B. 1855, Prussia. A. 1882. W. ver. preaching in Udapi 
and Kaity. D. May 27, 1885, at Kaity, Niligiris. 

Spillmann, Gr., Esq. B. in Switzerland. A. in 1869. K. in 1876. Supdt. 
of a Home for maid-servants at Zurich. 

Stanger, F. J., Esq. B. in Wiirttemberg. A. 1841. Labored as Manager 
of the Christian colony at Malasamudra, South Mahratta, until 1849, when 
lie joined the L. M. S. at Bellary. Went afterwards to America. Ad. St. 
Louis, Uo., U. S. A. 

Stoll, Andreas. B. April 15, 1843, in Switzerland. Or. and A. 1867. 
Labored in South Mahratta and Korth Canara. R. in 3871 : afterwards 
served as pastor to a German colony in America. Now laboring at 
Kaipore, 

Stolz, C, Esq. B. May 20, 1838, in Switzerland. A. 1863. Manager 
of Book and Tract Depository at Mangalore. E. 1874. Now Supdt. of the 
Christian Book and Tract Depository at St Gallen, Switzerland. 

Strobel, F. B. Feb. 19, 1832, in Frankfort. Or. and A. in 1856. W. ver. 
preaching. R. in 1863. Labored until 1874, as traveling agent of the Society 
in and about Frankfort, since 1874 minister at Frankfort. 

Supper, G. B. Dec. 31, 1814 in Wurttemberg. Or. and A. in 1838. 
Labored in South ^Mahratta. P». in 1844, on account of ill-health. 

Suther, G. F. B. Nov. 2. 1812, in Gr. Duchy of Baden. Or. and A. 
in 1838. Labored at ^Mangalore. R. in 1846. t). 1865. 

Thumm, J. J. B. in Wurttemberg 1832. A. 1860. W. Pastoral, educa- 
tional and ver. preaching in South Mahratta. B. 1882. Travelling agent of the 
Society at Frankfort on Main. 

Traub, J. H. B. July 30, 1834, in Wurttemberg. Or. and A 1859. S. 
Shirva, South Canara : ver. preaching. R. in 1868. D. Oct. 27, 1868. 

Weigele, Ch. G. B. Oct. 6. 1845, in V>'urtteml)erg. A. in 1867. W. Pastoral 
and ver. preaching. D. Dec 21, 1877 in Gidedgud. 

Weigle, G. B. July 1. 1815 in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1839. W. 
Educational and literary. Translator of the 0. and N. T. into Canarese, and 
then one of the revisers. D.June 7, 1855, at Mangalore. 

Weitbrecht, N., Esq. B. in Wiirttemberg. A. in 1871. General agent and 
treasurer at Mangalore R. in 1876. Now partner in a mercantile firm at 
Esslingen, Wurttemberg. 

Welsch, James. B. Aug. 22, 1848, in Alsace, Germany. A. 1871. W. 
educational, and ver. preaching. R. 1881. Travelling agent of the Society at 
Strassburg. 

Wenger, A. B. May 9, 1837, in Switzerland. Or. and A. in 1861. Labored 
on the Nilgiris and in'Coorg. fi. in 1874. Now Prin. of the Miss. Girls' 
Home, Basel. 

Wurth, G. B. Sept. 18, 1820, in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1845, 
Labored in South Mahratta. Ver. preaching. An accomplished Canarese 
scholar. D. in Dec. 1869 at Mangalore. 

Wurtele, Ch. J. B. Nov. 21. 1833 in Wiirttemberg. Or. and A. in 1857. 
Labored in South Canara and on the Nilgiris : ver. preaching and educa- 
tional work. D. Feb 2, 1863, at Kaity. 

Ziegler, G. Ad. B. March 12, 1848, in Wiirttemberg. Was in action with 
the German army before Paris in 1870. A 1872- M. Educational work and 
itinerary. D in. 1881, at Mangalore. 



CHAPTER XII. 



THE AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 

This Society, one of the oldest of its kind in America, 
was organized May 18, 1814, in the city of Philadelphia. The 
Rev. Adouiram Judson (who had arrived at Calcutta in 1812 
under the auspices of the American Board, and, changing his views 
somewhat, had united with the Baptist missionaries at Serampore 
and had proceeded to Rangoon in July, 1813) w^as in May, 
1814, appointed the first missionary of the Society. From 
Burma the operations of the Society were extended in 1836 
to Assam ; and about the same time the Telugu mission was 
commenced. As these fields are widely separated, they can be 
best described by taking them up one by one. 



I. THE BURMESE MISSION. 

• 

In 1816 Mr. Judson was joined by the Rev. Gr. H. Hough, 
who had been a printer, and wlio brought from Serampore a 
printing-press and a font of Burman types. A Catechism and the 
Gospel of Matthew in' Burmese were at once printed. In Sep- 
tember, 1818, the Rev. Messrs. Colman and Wheelock arrived : 
the latter, a year later, was compelled by failing health to withdraw 
from the Mission, and was drowned at sea on his passage to Bengal. 
In 1819 the first house for public worship and teaching was 
opened. In June of the same year the first Biirman convert, 
Moung Nau, was baptized. In 1821 the Rev. J. Price, a physi- 
cian as well as a minister, arrived at Rangoon, and in 1823 the 
Rev. J. Wade joined the Mission. 

The war of 1824-26 suspended"* all the operations of the 
Mission : it compelled Messrs. Hough and Wade to retire from 
the country, while upon Messrs. Judson and Price and their 
families at Ava, it brought the severest calamities and sufferings. 
After the war the Mission was removed to Amherst (in 1827), 
and thence, in 1828, to Maulmain. Tavoy w\as also occupied by 
the Rev. G. D. Boardman, in 1828 : at Rangoon a small Native 
Church was still maintained under a Native Pastor. 

By the year 1831 several other missionaries had arrived from 
America, increasing the number to seven : another station, Mergui, 
had been occupied : the Press had printed 200,000 tracts and 



American Baptist Missionary Union. 15B 

books, among which were the New Testament and several books 
of the Old Testament : schools had also been established. 

Work among the Karens had been begun by Mr. Board- 
nmn at Tavoy, and at his death, in 1830, was carried on most suc- 
cessfully by Mr. Mason. The Karens in all parts of Burma have 
received the Gospel with far greater readiness than the Burmans 
themselves. The language of this people was in 1832 reduced to 
\vriting by the Rev. Mr. Wade. 

In the two years, 1833-31, nine other missionaries arrived 
and the work was proportionately extended : during this period 
Mr. Judson completed his translation of the Bible into the 
Burman tongue. '' It had been his daily task amid the vicissitudes 
of many years. It had been his solace in grief, his companion 
in solitude, his support in weariness and depression." 

In 1835 a branch of the Mission was opened in the province 
of Arracan : in 1810 Akyab and Sandoway were occupied. Mis- 
sionaries from x\merica continued to arrive, and the number of 
converts, especially Karens, was multiplied. In 1810 Mr. Judson 
finished the revision of his Burman translation of the Bible. In 
1843 the persecution of the Christian Karens was renewed with 
increased violence ; ill-treatment and imprisonment however were 
endured with heroic Christian fortitude, by the simple dwellers 
among the mountains of Arracan. In the same year the New 
Testament vvas translated into the Karen languages. 

In 1815 Dr. Judson visited America, returning to his work 
in December, 1816. He made an effort to establish himself at 
Ava or at Rangoon, but being unsuccessful returned to Maulmain, 
where he continued to labor until 1859, when his health failed : 
in April, 1850, he took passage on a French ship bound for the 
Isle of France, but died when four days out, April 12th.* 

About this time the Burman and Karen departments of the 
work at Maulmain and in Arracan were separated from each 
other, a measure Avhich led to greater efficiency ^ and larger 
success. The war between Burma and Great Britain, in 1852, 
greatly altered the condition of the missions in Burma. The 
missionaries, together with a deputation from America, assembled 
at Maulmain, to discuss the leading subjects connected with the 
organization and conduct of the missions. The convention con- 
tinued from April 1th to the 17th of May, 1853. Several im- 
portant modifications were made in the missions already exist- 
inrr. and five new missions were established ; Rangoon, Basseiu, 



See Wayland'^i •• Memoir of Dr, Judsou." 



154 Indian Missionary Directoey. 

Shwayoyeen, Prome, and Toiinooo. There were at this time 
thirt3'-oue missionaries in the field. 

In 1851 a new station was formed at Henthada, and in 
1855 another was opened at Thongzai : Zeegong was occupied 
in 1876, and Bhamo in 1877. 

At present, work is carried on in the larger stations in 
several languages : Burmese, Karen, (Pgho and Sgau) and 
Shan. The Bassein Karen Churches support four missionaries 
among the Kakhyens in the mountains beyond Bhamo. The 
growth and liberality of the Karen (churches are so well-known 
that they need only this word of mention. 

The following are the statistics for 1881-85 : — 
Foreign missionaries, ... ... 35 

Ordained Native Preachers, ... ... 125 

]^ativo Christians, (about) ... 65,000 

Couimunicauts, 25,607 



Home Secv. — The Rev. J. N. Murdock, d.d., Boston, U.S.A. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Armstrong, William Frederic. B. S3ainey Mines, C.B., Nora 
Scotia, May 30, 1849. Or. Aug. 3, 1873. A. Jan. 1874, in connection 
with the Bapt. For. Miss. Board of the Maritime Prov. of Canada. 
Transferred to the Madras P. in 1875 : S. Chicacole, 1875-80. H. May, 1880 
to Dec. 1881. Rt. in connection with the A. B. M. U. Ad. Moulinein, 
Burma. 

Brayton, D. L. Ar. 1837. Ad. llcmgoon. 

BuLKLEY, J. L. Ar. 1884. Ad. Moulmein. 

Bunker, A. Ar. 1865. Ad. Toungoo. 

Bushell, Walter. B. Charlton Kings, Gloucestershire, Eng. 
July 4, 1850. Ed. Crozer Theol. Sem. (1878). Or. July 30, 1878. A. 
Dec. 6, 1878. S. Maoben. Noiv in U. S. A. 

Case, John Elijah. B. in Patten, Me., U. S. A., Nov. 27, 1857. 
Or. April, 1882. A. Nov. 2, 1882. Ad. Toungoo. 

Cronkhite, Leonard Woolsey. B. Feb. 15, 1856, at Sandy 
Hill,N. Y., U. S. A. Or. Sept. 13, 1881. A. Dec. 2, 1881. S. Bhamo, 
1882-83 ; since at (Ad.) Bassein. 

Cross, B. P. Ar. 1873. Ad. Rangoon. 

Cross, Edmund Burke. B. June 11, 1814, at Georgetown, N. Y., 
U. S. A. Or. Sept. 2, 1841. A. Feb. 24, 1845. S. Tavoy, 1845-60, 
since, Toungoo, Theol. and school work with charge of churches. 
H. Aug. 185^2 to June, 1855 ; Aioril, 1868 to Apr. 1870. L. (1) A 
number of school books. Arithmetic, Algebras, Geometry, Astronomy, 
Physiology, and Readers : (2) Church History : (3) Church Directory 
(Hiscox) translated : (1) Earth's History : (5) Bible Dictionary (Am 



American Baptist Missionary Union. 155 

Tract Soc'y), translated : (6) Barnes' Commentary on K. T. : (7) Com- 
mentary on Genesis ; Psalms ; the Revelation, and St. Paul's Epistles : 
(8) A number of religious tracts : (9) Karen Almanac for 30 years 
or more : (9) Revision of Sgau Karen IST. T. : (10) Revision of Sgau 
Karen Bible — all published at Mission Press. Ad, Toungoo. 

Crumb, A. V. B. k\\ 187G. Ad. Toungoo. 

CusHiNG, JosiAH Nelson. B. Korth Attleboro, Mass., U. S. A. 
May, 1840. Or. July, 1865. A. ]\larch, 1867, S. Rangoon. H. to 
U. S. A. from May, 187^ to Oct. 187G, and to Eng. 1879. L. 
Translated into the Shan language tlie New Testament, " Grammar,'-' 
'• Manual, '' Shan and Eng. Dictionary, small Astronomy and Geography, 
several Tracts and a Hymn-book : Mission Press, Rangoon. Now in 
V. S. A. 

Elwell, Jacob Thomas. B. Philadelphia, U. S. A., May 10, 
1841. Ed. at Lewisburg Univ. (1871), and at Crozer Theol. Sem. (1874), 
Or. July, 1876. Pastoral work at home, 1875-78. M. May 14. 
1879, A. Dec. 5. 1878. S. Bassein. Now in TJ. S. A. 

EvELETH, Frederic Howard. B. Durham, Me., U. S. A.. 
March 21, 1843. Or. June, 1873, A. Jan. 12, 1874. S. Toungoo, 
H. March 28, 1879 to Dec. 1, 1880. Ad. Toungoo. 

Freiday, J. A. Ar. 1877. S. Bhamo. Now in U. S. A. 

George, W. Ar. 1870. Ad. Zeegong. 

Hale, H. W. Ar. 1874. Ad. Sliwaygijeen. 

Hascall, W. H. S. Ar. 1872. Ad.' Henthada. 

Jameson, Melvin. B. Lyons, N. Y., IT* S. A., March 3, 1836. 
Or. April, 1860. S.Alton, 111., U. S. A., 1860-1869. A. Feb. 22, 
1870. S. Bassein, 1870-80. H. to America, 1881. Ad. Ba^sein. 

Kelly, E. W. Ar. 1882. Ad. Mouhnein. 

Morrow, Haratio. B. St. Peter's Bay, P. E. Island, April 24, 
1843. Or. Nov. 11, 1871. A. Dec. 27, 1876. Ad. Tavoij. 

KiCHOLs, Charles Alvord. B. Westport, Conn., U. S. A., 
Aug, 16, 1853. Or. Aug. 19, 1879. A. Dec. 9, 1879. Ad. Bassein. 

Packer, John. A. 1872. Ad. Bangoon. 

Phinney, F. D., Esq. A. 1882. Supdt. of Miss. Press. Ad. Rangoon. 

Price, W. J. Ar. 1879. Now in U. S. A. 

Rand, S. B. Ar. 1869. Now in U. S. A. 

Roberts, W. H, Ar. 1878. Noiv in U. S. A, 

Rose, A. T. Ar, 1853. Ad. Bangoon. 

Smith, Daniel Appleton White. B. Waterville, Me., U. S. A., 
June 18, 1840. Or. July 26, 1863. A. Mar. 22, 1864. S. Teacher in 
Karen Theol. Sem. to Jan. 1867 : Henthada to Apr. 1875 : Brest. Karen 
Theol. Sem. from Dec. 1876 to present. L. (1) Translation of Annota- 
tions of the An. Paragraph Bible (Lon. Rel. T. Socy.) N. T. Entire, 
and Gen-Deut. and Job-^Ialachi : (2) Translation of Wayland's "Moral 
Science" ; (3) Principles of Logic : (4) " Texts and how to use them," 
with translation of Dr. Stow's " Daily Manna" ; (5) Revision and Edit- 
ing traaslation of Barth's ^' Church History" ; (6) Translation of 
Question Books on the Parables, the Miracles and 0. T. Biography ; (7) 



^I5:6 Indian Missionary DirvECTORY. ' 

editing since 1868 of "The Karen Morning Star" (Monthly)— all 
in the Sgaii Karen language. H. to U. S. A. Apr. .1875 to Dec. 1876. 
Ad. Bangoon. 

Smith, David. A. 1884. Ad. Sliwaygyeen. 

Stevens, Edward Oliver. B. at Moulmein, Biiruiah, Dec. 1,7, 
1838. Or. Newton, U-S. A., Oct. 23, 1864. A. Feb. 22, 1866. S. Prome. 
L. Edited second edition Judson's Burmese and Engl. Dictionary. H. 
to America 1875. Ad. Prome. 

Thomas, W. F. Ar. 1880. Ad. Henthada. 

Vinton, J. B: Ar. 1861. Ad. Bangoon. 

Webster, David. A. 1877. Ad. Bahjioon. 



II. THE ASSAM MISSION. 

The Rev. Messrs. Brown and Cutter, from Burma, arrived at 
Sadiya, March 23, 1836, having been four months on the journey 
from Calcutta. A school-house was built in May and a school 
opened in June, 1836. The Rev. Messrs. Thomas and Bronson 
■with their wives sailed from Boston, October 17, 1836, taking 
presses and printing materials, and arrived at Sadiya, July 17, 
1837, — except Mr. Thomas, who was killed below Sadiya by a 
tree falliug from the river-bank across his boat. Several transla- 
tions were made and books printed both in Assamese and Khamti. 
Sadiya w^as relinquished in May, 1839, a disturbance having arisen 
in which several Khamti chiefs were killed, and the Khamtis 
entirely dispersed. The first Assamese convert was baptized in 
1841. Jaipur had been previously occupied by Mr. Bronson, 
who in 1840 removed to the Naga Hills, where he opened work. 
Sibsagor was adopted as a station in May, 1841, by the Rev. 
Messrs. Brown and Barker, and Nowgong in October, 1841, 
by Mr. Bronson. 

Gowhatti was occupied in 1843. In the same j^ear an 
orphanage was formed at Nowgong, afterwards discontinued. In 
1847 two other missionaries arrived, and the work was carried for- 
ward more vigorousl}'. In 1848 the second edition of the New. 
Testament in Assamese was printed : and in 1850, the third. In 
1851 each of the three stations was reinforced and three separate 
churches were formed. There were at this time five Native 
assistants, of whom tw^o had visited the United States. Converts 
were added from time to time, numbering in 1855, 62. About 
1857 sickness compelled several of the missionaries to return home, 
and the churches were somewhat weakened. Other missionaries 
arrived soon after and new converts were gained. The first GaEO 



American Baptist Missionary Union. 157 

convert was baptized in February, 1863, and the first Mikir con- 
yert in the following September. In April, 1864, two Garos, 
■who had been baptized at Gowhatti, were sent to preach to their 
own people ; in 1867 the Garos Avere first A'isited by the mission- 
aries, and a church of 40 members was organized at Goalpara. 
Schools were established and itinerations made. This field has 
proven an interesting one : by October, 1874, no less than 446 
Garos had been baptized in A'arions parts of the mission ; and the 
work has continued with increasing interest since. 

The Ornnodoi, a monthly religious newspaper in Assamese, 
was begun in January, 1846, and continued to 1880. A monthly 
newspaper in Garo was begun in 1880. 

In 1877 a new mission was opened among the Nagas beyond 
British territory, and in 1878 a station was formed at Tura, the head- 
quarters of the Garo work. In 1879 a new mission was begun 
among the Angami Nagas. In 1881 Kohima was occupied, and in 
1885 a new mission Avas opened at Wokha among the Lhota Nagas. 

There are now in connection with the Assam mission of the 
Union 9 missionaries and 8 ordained Native preachers. The 
Native Christian community exceeds 4,500 : communicants, 1,731. 



ME^IBEES OF THE MISSION. 

BrsDETTE, C. E. B. Peoria, III, U. S. A., Feb. 23 1854. Or. 
Sept. 11, 1883. A. Dec. 1883. Trausferred from Garo Hills in' Nov. 1885. 
Ad. Gauhati, Assam. 

■Clark, E. W. Ar. 1869. Noiv in V. S. A. 

GuRNEY, A. K. B. in Cumberland, Me., U, S. A., May 29, 
1845. Or. Aug. 26, 1874, A. Jan. o, 1875, Supt. Miss. Press, Sib- 
sagor, 1876-81, Editor Oninodoi, 1876-80. Translated iuto Assamese 
Lev., Num. Deut. Judges, Jo-liua, Euth, Cliron. Nehemiah, Ezra, and 
Minor Prophets. In America from Aug. 5, 1883 to Sept. 1881. Ad. 
Sthsagor, Assam. 

King, Charles D. B. Mexico, N. Y., U. S. A., May 25, 1847. 
Or. Sept. 11, 1878. A. Dec. 10, 1878. S. Naga Hills. Now in U. S. A. 

Mason, Marcus Clark. B. Wales, Erie Co., N. Y., U. S. A., Jime 
6, 1844. Ed. Madison Univ. (June, 1872) and Hamilton Theol. Sem. 
(June, 1874). M. June 18, 1874. Or. July 29, 1874. A. Dec. 19, 1874. 
S. Goalpara, 1874-78 ; since, Tura. xVd. Tura, Garo Hills, Assam. 

Moore, Pitt Holland. B. Akyab, Dec. 4, 1853. Or. July 23, 
1879. A. Dec. 14, 1879. Ad. Nowgong, Assatn. 

Phillips, Elnathan G. B. Dec. 6, 1845, in East Bloomfield, 

. K. Y., U. S. A. Ed. Madison Univ. (B. A. 1872, M. A. 1874). Or. 

July 18, 1874. M. June 18, 1874. A. Dec. 19, 1874. S. Goalpara, 

1874-77 ; since, Tura. Ad. L. revision c-f Garo hymn-book, etc. 

H. 1884-86. Ad, Tura, Garo HiUs, Assain. 



158 Indian MissionapvY Directoht. 

Witter, William Ellsworth. B. La Grange, N. Y., tJ. S. A., 
Dec. 9, 1853. Or. Aug., 15, 1883. A. Dec. 14, 1883. S. Sibsagor to Apr. 
1885, since, Wokha. Ad. Kohimai Assam. 



Ill/ THE TELUGU MISSION. 

In the year 1835 tlie Society decided to establish a mission to 
the Tehio-us. The Eev. S. S. Day and wife, the first missionaries sent 
out, arrived in India in 1836.^ In 1840 Mr. Day estabhshed ihe 
present Tekign mission at Nellore. In March of the same year he 
was joined by Rev. S. Van Husen and wife, and in the following 
September, the first Telngu convert was baptized. Fonr years later 
a church was organized, but the following year ffiilure of health 
compelled the missionaries to retire from the field. In April, 1849 
Mr. Day returned to Nellore, accompanied by the Rev. L. Jewett. 
During the ensuing five years the progress of the mission 
was so discouraging that for the second time the question of aban- 
donino- the field was agitated in America. However, it was decided 
to let the " Lone Star,'' as the mission came at that time to be 
called, " shine on;" and in 1855 the Rev. F. A. Douglass came 
out to assist Mr. Jewett, who had been left alone a second time. 

In December, 1861, Kanakiah, the first native pastor, was or- 
dained. Still the progress of the work was so slow and unsatisfac- 
tory that the question of abandonhig the mission was again discuss- 
ed by the Missionary Union. At the earnest ap]:)eal of Mr. Jewett, 
who arrived in America at that time in quest of health, it was once 
more decided to let it live : and in April, 1865, he again arrived at 
Nellore, accompanied by the Rev. J. E. Clough and wife. In 
September of the following year Mr. Olough removed to Ougole, 
and began work there. On the 1st of January, 1867, he organized 
a Church of 18 members, which very soon commenced to grow, and 
from this time the work among the Telugus began to assume a 
more encouraging appearance. In February, 1870, the Rev. A. 
Y. Timpany began work at Ramapatam, and in the following 
March organized a (church of 35 members. In the year 1872 a 
Theological Seminary was opened at this place, for which Mr. 
Olough, while in America in 1872-73, secured an endowment of 
£10,000. Other missionaries continued to arrive from America, 
and the work was rapidly extended. The Rev.^ R. R. Williams 
took charge of the Seminary at Ramapatam in 1874. The next 
year a new station was opened at Secunderabad by the Rev. W« 
W. Campbell. 

In the year 1877 work was begun at Kurnool by the Rev. I). 
H. Drake. The following year Dr. Jewett opened a station in 



Amebic AN Baptist Missionary Union. 159 

Madms. lu 1879 a new station was opened at Hanamaconda by 
the Rev. A. Louohrido-e. 

In 1882 llcv. W. B. Boggs opened a new station at 
Cnmbuni, in what was before the Avestern part of the Ongole field. 
The following year three more new stations were set off from the 
old Ongole field ; one at Vinukonda by Rev. G. N. Thomssen ; one 
at Narasaravapetta bv Rev. R. Maplesden; and one at Bapntla 
by Rev. E. Bnllard. In 1885 Rev. J. F. Burditt established 
a new station at Udayagiri, sixty miles north-west of Nellore. 
During this year the work in the city of Madras was subdivided, 
a new station being opened at Perambore, in the western part of the 
city by Rev. N. M. Waterbury. 

. During the terrible famine of 1876-79, everything was done 
by the missionaries that could be to alleviate the distress of the 
people. In addition to the distribution of more than £40,000 at 
Nellore and Ongole, I>Ir. Clough took a contract to cnt several 
miles of the Buckingham canal. He appointed his native 
preachers, colporteurs, etc., as overseers, and to read and preach to 
the workmen as opportunity offered. In this way from three to 
four thonsand coolies at a time from all parts of the conntry were 
brought under the influence of the Gospel, at the same time that 
they were afforded tlie means of keeping themselves and ftimilies 
from starving. Before the famine, the people in great numbers 
had begun to embrace Christianity ; and before its close, indications 
of much greater ingatherings began to appear. This was chiefly in 
the Ongole district, though it was not confined to it. For fear of 
being deceived, Mr. Clough rejected all apphcations for baptism 
until all relief operations had been suspended, and he felt that he 
could no longer refuse. Between June 16th, 1878, and December 
olst, of the same year, 9,606 were baptized. Since then the work 
has gone steadily forward, though not on so large a scale, and years 
of trial and persecution have demonstrated its genuineness. 

In additon to evangelistic work, that of education is receiving 
attention. The Theological Seminar}^ at Ramapatam has a splendid 
building, and is well attended. A school for the higher education 
of Christian girls has been opened in Nellore. The High School 
at Ongole is open to Christians and non-Christians alike, and is 
doing good work. Tlie Telufju Baptist , a bi-monthly magazine 
in the vernacular, is now in its ninth volume. 

The following are the statistics of the Telugu Mission (Jan. 1 
1885): stations occupied, 12 ; missionaries, 19 ; ordained native 
preachers, 47 ; schools, 300 ; pupils, 4, 898 ; Churches, 42 ; 
baptisms in the year 1884, 1, 556 ; members, 26, 396. 

[W. R, M.] 



160 Indian Missionaey DmECTOtiY. 

MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Batum, Gooraviali. B, 1847. Or. 185U. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

BezLcara, FauL B. 1842. Or. 1872. Ad. Do. Do. 

BoGGSj William Bambrick. B. Nova Scotia, Canada, May 8, 
1812. Ed. Acadia Col. Or. at Sydney, Sept. 24, 1865. Pastoral work 
9 years at home. A. Nov. 187-4 in Rangoon, thence to Bangkok, 
Siam ; thence to Coconada under the Baptist For. Miss. Board of the 
Maritime Provinces of Canada. H. to America, 1876-78; Rt. under' 
appointment of A. B. M. U. Jan. 18, 1879. S. Ongole, 1879-80 : 
1881-82, Ramapatani, Acting Prin. of Theol. Sem. Since 188S at 
Cumhum. H. to America in 1886. 

Buddepoochj, Ahraliam. B. 1846. Or. 1872. Ad. Vinukmdai. 
Madras P. 

BuLLARD, Edwin. (Son of the Rev. E. B. Bullard). B. in Burniay* 
Oct. 2, 184G. Or. in Brooklyn, 1870. A. Nov. 1870. S. Nellore, 1870, i 
AUoor, 1872. H. to America 1878-82. Since 18S3, Baputla. Adi- 
Baputla, Madras P. 

Bundare, Lahan. B. 1852. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

Bundare, Luke. B. 1851. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

Bundare, Presunge. B. 1852. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

BuRDiTT, J. F. Ar. 1881. Ad. Udaijagiri, Madras P. 

Campbell, Woodley W. B. Busti, N. Y., U, S. A., July 31, 1813: 
Or. Oct. 22, 1878. A. Jan. 31, 1874. M. S. Ongole, 1874-75, 
Secunderabad June, 1875. L. Editor of " Tehigu Baptist'' two-and-a- 
half years. Ad. Secunderabad, Deccan. 

Cavore, Yellamundu. B. 1850. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

Cavore, Zechariah. B. 1839. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

Chute, Elbert. A. 1882. Ad. Secunderabad. 

Clough, John Everett. B. July 16, 1836, near Shrewsbury, 
Chautauqua Co. N. Y., U. S. A. Government employment in Minnesota 
four years. Entered Burlington (Iowa) Collegiate Institute in 1857. 
M. Aug. 15, 1861. Graduated at Upper Iowa Univ. at Fayette in 
1862. Taught one year and labored one year as missionary colporteur 
in Eastern Iowa. Appointed to I. Aug. '8, 1864. Or. Nov. 20, 1864. 
A. March 26, 1865. Labored for more than a year at Nellore : in Sept. 
1866 jDroceeded to Ongole, where he opened a new station. ¥7". haS" 
been chiefly ver. L. Two tracts, " Where are you going ?" " Messages ' 
for All." H. from March o, 1872, to Jan. 18, 1874. While in 
America secured an endowment for the Theol. school at Ramapatam. 
Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

Cola, Moses. B. 1826. Or. 1872. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

Derashe, OhadiaJi. B. 1841. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

Doutlicdure, Yellamundu. B. 1844. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

DowNiE, David. Graduated at Brown Univ. (R. I.) in 1869 and at 
the Theol. Sem., Rochester, N. Y., 1872. Or. in Monneville, Ohio, 1872. 
A. at Nellore, Dec. 10, 1873, where he has since labored. W. Anglo* 
vernacular. Is Treasurer of the Mission. Ad. Nellore. Madras P, 



American Baptist Missionahy Union. 161 

Drake, D. H. B. in K. J., U. S. A. Ed. Shurtliff Col. aud 
Chicago Union Theol. Sem. A. Dec. 25, 1874:. S. Ramapatam, Kur- 
nool. H. to America. Ad. Danville, N. Y., U. S. A. 

Goodoore, Yerriah. B. 1851. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

Goombarde, Eamiah, B. 18J:8. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

Gundiim, Pedkth. B. 1825. Or. 1873. Ad. Do. Do. 

Guncjasapu, Peter. B. 1850. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

Indla^ Philip. B. 1853. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. ■ 

Jewett, Lyman. B. March 9, 1813, at Waterford, Me., U. S.. 
A. Graduated at Brown Univ. and I^ewton Theol. Sem. Pastoral work 
sereral 3^ears in Mass. Or. at Boston, Oct. 6, 1848. M. 1848. A. at 
Madras, Feb. 21, 1849. S. Nellore. H 1862-65, and 1874:-76. L. 
Translated several tracts into Telugu : also the Gospel of Matthew, upon 
which he wrote a Commentary. Was a member of the Telugu Bible 
Kevision Committee several years. H. 1886. Now in JJ. S. A. 

Jonalagedda, Enoch. B. 1852. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole^ Madras P. 

Kanalciah, N. Or. in 1861. Ad. Nellore, Madras P. 

Kellei/, K. Or.l8 0. Ad. Pamajpatam, Do. 

Kondapale, Venhitiah. B. 1844. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Do. 

Kundla, Venliah. B. 1844:. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

LouGHRiDGE, Albert. B. at Oskaloosa, Iowa, U. S. A., June 12, 
1845. Ed. State Univ. of Iowa, (B. A. 1871, M. A. 1877). M. Aug. 
20, 1874. Or. Sept. 20, 1874. A. Noy 19, 1875. S. Ongole, 1875-78 ; 
Jan. 1879, Warongal. H. July, 1885. Ad. Colorado Springs, Col, U. S. A. 

Madeconda, Ezra. B. 1830. Or. 1873. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

Manley,' W. R. B. in Pa., U. S. A., June 13, 1850. Or, in March, 
1879. M. Aug. 31, 1879. A. at Pvangoou, Dec. 3, 1879, at Ongole, 
Aug. 2ij, 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

Maplesdex, R. B. in Eng. Aug. 15, 1857. Or. Sept. 1879. A. 
Oct. 25, 1879. Pastor Eng. Bapt. Church, Madras till Dec. 31, 1881 : 
joined A. B. M. U. Jan. 1, 1882, Ongole, till Maj, 1883. Since, :N'ur3ara- 
vapetta. H. Jan. 1886. 

Morgan, Freeman Elden. B. Batavia, 111. U. S. A. Feb. 9, 1850. 
Or. Sept. 18, 1879. A. Dec. 8, 1869. M. Ad. Kurnool, Madras P, 

Muclcin, Eeuhen. B. 1841. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Do. 

Mullela, Isaac. B. 1844. Or. 1872. Ad. Do. Do, 

Nagapogu, Yosapu. B. 1832. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

Narsu, K. Or. l880. Ad. Nellore, Madras P. 

!Newcomb, John, Esq. A. 1884. Ad. Cuuihwa. Madras P. 

Newhall, Alfred Augustus, Jr. B. in Cambridgeport, Mass., 
U. S. A., Jan. 7, 1844. Ed. Univ. of Rochester, N. Y. (B. A. 1872), and 
Rochester Theol. Sem. (^1875). Or. Sept. 2, 1875. A. Nov. 19, 1875. 
S. Ramapatam. H. Sept. 1879 to Dec, 1882. Since, at (Ad.) 
Mcinamaconda, Nizams Dominions. 

Nomala, Narsu. B. 1830. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P, 

Ongolu, Ahel. B. 1824. Or. 1880. Ad Do, Do. 

Pedate, Pamiah. B. 1828. Or. 1873. Ad. Do. Do. 

FcvasUapocjUj Ai/anah, B. 1848, Or, 1860, Ad. Do, Do, 



162 IxDiAx Missionary Dieectorv. 

Fuohdoorc, Baliah. B. 1842. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Madras P. 

FooMoore, Fideii. B. 1852. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. : 

Baffapate, Yalwhii. B. 1848. Or. 1880. Ad. Do. Do. 

Bangiah, Tujiele. Or. 1872. Ad. JIadms. 

SiLLiMAN, E. E. Ar. 1884. Ad. 3Iadras. 

Steram, Solomon. B. 1833. Or. 1872. Ad. Ongolc Madras P. 

Talure, Daniel B. 1831:. Or. 1872. Ad. Do. Do. 

Teatic, B. Or. 1880. Ad. Omjole, Madras P. 

Thomssen, G. N. Ar. 1882. Ad. Vinukond/.i, Madras P. 

Vedadella, Jonah. B. 1841. Or. 1880. Ad. Ongole, Do. 

Waterbuky, Norman Mather. B. Dec. 3, 1855, in North Adams, 
Mass., U. S. A. Or. Sept. 1, 1881. A. Nov. 7, 1881. Miss. Treas. 
1882-84. L. "TheMiglity Stvviour'', '* Gospel Hymns," " Questions on 
the Life of Christ" (Telugu). Ad. Perambore, Madras. 

Williams, E. E. B. in Ohio, U. S. A. Ed. at Granville Col. and 
at the Chicago Union Theol. Sem. Appointed to I. in May, ]\I. July 3, 
and sailed Oct. 5, 1873. 'A. at Eamapatam in Jan. 1874. H. to 
America in 1881. Ad. Bamapatam, Madras P. 

YoJion. Or. 1880. Ad. BamajKitam, Madras P. 



DECEASED AXD RETIRED MISSIOXARIES. 

Adoniram judson. Born in :\Ialden, Mass., U. S. A., the. son of a Con- 
gregational clergyman. _ Graduated at Brown Univ. in 1807 : studied theology 
at Andover. In 1811 visited Eng. to ensure his appointment as a missionary 
in case he should not be appointed from America. In Sept. 1811 Messrs. 
Judson, Newell, Xott, and Hall were appointed as its first foreign missionaries 
by the American Board- Mr. J. was married Feb. 5, 1812, to Miss Ann 
Hasseltine : on tlie 19th of the same month Messrs. Judson and Xewell 
Avith their wives sailed for Calcutta. The party landed in Calcutta June 18th. 
Shortly afterwards Mr. Judson's views on the subject of baptism changing, 
he joined the Baptist Cluux-h at Serampore. Unable to remain in India on 
account of the persecution of the East India Company, :\Ir. J. sailed for the 
Isle of France, where he arrived in Jan. 1813: in the following June he 
returned to India, landing at Madras. He shortly afterwards sailed for 
Burma and landed at Rangoon July 14, 1813. Here he labored alone, the 
first Missionary of the American Baptists, until October, 181 G, when he was 
joined by the Rev. G. H. Hough from America. In Sept. 1818 the Mission 
was re-inforced by Eev. Messrs. Colman and Wheelock. In April, 1819, 
the first place of worship, a zaijat, was opened : the first convert, Moung 
Nau, was baptized, June 27th, 1819. The sufferings of Mr. J. and his 
associates in the war of 1824-26 are too well known to need description : Mr. 
J. lived in fetters a year and seven months. Mrs. J., one of the most heroic, 
souls' the world has ever known, died at the newly opimed station, Amherst,' 
in October, 182(). In April, 18.34, Mr. J. was married at Tavov to Mrs. 
Bokrdman, widow of the Rev. G. D. Boardman. His health failing from 
incessant labors, Mr. J. accompanied by his w^ife, in feeble health, sailed for 
America in April, 1845. Mrs. J died Aug. 31, at St. Helena, where she was 
bm-ied : Mr. J. arrived at Boston Oct- 15th. He met with an enthu^siastig 



Ameeican Baptist Misrionart Union. 163 

'reception everywhere. In June, 184G, lie was married to Miss Emily 
Chubbucli of Utica, N. Y. On the 11th of July they sailed for Burma, 
arriving in the following- December. Mr. J. completed his great work, the 
English-Burmese dictionary in 1848 : he was also, as usual, busily engaged 
"in preaching. In Sept. 1849 he took a severe cold from the effects of which 
he never recovered. In April, 1850, acting on medical advice, he went to sea, 
expecting to visit the Isle of Bourbon. His health continued to fail, and on 
the r2th of April he passed away to his reward in Heaven. His body was 
consigned to the deep in Lat. 13o N. Long. 93o E. (Vide "Memoir of Dr. 
Judson," by Dr. Wayland.) 

.Nathan Brown, D. D. A. in Burma, 1835, Assam, 1836. Translated Bible 
into Assamese. R. 1855. In 1872 was appointed to Japan, where he D. in 
1886. 

Miles Bronson, D. D. A. in 1837 (Assam). Finished Dictionary in 1866, 
R. 1879, D. Nov. 9, 1883, in Eaton Rapids, Mich., U. S, A. 

Samuel Stearns Dav. B. in 1808, in Ontario, Canada. Graduated at 
Madison Univ. (N. Y.)_ in 1831. Or. Aug. 24, 1835. A. in Calcutta in 
Feb. 1836. Proceeded to Vizagapatara and afterwards to Nellore, where he laid 
the foundations of the Telugu Mission. H. from Oct. 1845 to Feb. 1849. R. 
to America in June, 1853. R. in Feb. 1863. Served as a pastor several 
years in N. Y. and Mich. D- in 1871, 

Steven Van Husen. B. Dec 5, 1812, at Catskill, N. Y., U. S. A. Ed. at 
Madison Univ. Appointed to I. Aug. 23, 1838. Or. Aug. 29, 1839 A at 
Nellore, March 21, 1840. H. in Oct. 1845. D. at Brattleboro, Vt., U. S. A. 

Jacob Thomas. B. at Elbridge, N. Y., U. S- A. Ed. at Madison Univ. 
Appointed to Assam April 29, and sailed Oct- 17, 1836. "Was killed by a fallino- 
tree on the Brahmaputra river, near Sadiya, July 7, 1837. 

Cyrus Barker. B. March 27, 1807, at Portsmouth, R. L, U. S. A. Ed. at 
Madison Univ. Appointed to I. in July, and Or. in Sept. 1839. A. at Calcutta 
Feb. 20, 1840. Labored at Jaipur from May, 1840, to May, 1841, when he 
removed to Sibsagor: labored here and at Gowhatti. Left India with broken 
health Oct. 29, 1849, D. at sea (in the Mozambique channel) Jan. 31, 1850. 

. G. Dauble. Came to I. under the auspices of the Basel Society, and 
labored at Dacca. Joined the- Baptist Mission in 1850, and was appointed to 
Nowgong. D. of cholera, March 21, 1853. 

William Ward. Ed. at Madison Univ. Appointed to I. in 1849. Sailed 
July 25, 1850 : arrived at Gowhatti, April 29, 1851. Ret. home on accoimt of 
his wife's health in Nov. 1857. Rt. Dec. 10, I860. Labored here until his 
death in 1873. 

Edward Payson Scott. B. in 1832 at Greensl)orO, Vt., U. S. A- Ed. at 
Knox Col. 111. and at Madison Univ. Appointed to T. May 8, i860. A. at 
Nowgong, Nov. 1862: and labored here until his death. 

"Appleton Howe Danforth. B. July 8, 1817, at Pelham, Mass, U S. A. 
Ed. at Madison Univ. Appointed to I. June 28, Or. Oct. 22, and sailed Nov.* 
3, 1847. A. at Gowhatti in May, 1848. Ret. home on account of Mrs. Danforth's 
health in 1858- D. in America- 

S. W. Nichols. A. 1878. D. at Madras, Dec. 8, 1880. 

D. K. Rayl. A. 1882. S- Ongole. H. to U. S- A., May, 1884. D. in Sept 
1884. ^1 



164 



Indian Missionaby Directory. 



Names. 


Arrival. 


Field of labor. 


Remarks. 


G.H. Hough 


1816 


Eangoon. 


E. 


May, 1824. 


J. Colraan 


1818 


Ditto. 


D. 


July 4, 1822. 


E. W. Wheelock 


1818 


Ditto. 


D. 


August 20, 1819. 


J. D. Price 


1821 


Ditto. 


D. 


February 14, 1828. 


Jonathan Wade 


1822 


Ditto. 


D. 


1872. 


George D. Boardman . . . 


1821 


Tavoy. 


D. 


February 11, 1831. 


Cephas Bennett 
Francis Mason, D. D. 


1829 


Eangoon. 


D. 


November 16, 1885. 


1831 


Tavoy. 


D. 


March, 1874. 


Eugenio Kincaid 
J. T. Jones, D. D. 


1831 


Rangoon. 


D. 


1885. 


1831 


Ditto. 


To Siam, 1833. D. 1851. 


Oliver T. Cutter, Esq. ... 


1832 


Do. and Assam. 


E. 


1852. 


Thomas Simons 


1833 


Eangoon, 


D. 


1876. 


Eoyal B.Hancock, Esq. ... 


1833 


Ditto. 


D. 


January, 1884. 


Abner P. Webb 


1833 


Ditto. 


R. 


March,''l838. 


Hosea Howard 


1831 


Ditto. 


K. 


Julv, 1856. 


G rover S. Comstock 


1S'31 


Ditto. 


D. 


Apiil 25, 1814. 


William Dean 


1831 


Ditto. 


Tr 


ans'd to biam. 


Justus H. Vinton 


1831 


Ditto. 


D. 


March 31, 1858. 


Sewall M.Osgood, Esq. ... 


1831 


Ditto. 


E. 


October, 1849. 


Elisha L. Abbott 


183G 


Ditto. 


D. 


December 3, 1854. 


Lovell Ingalls 


1836 


Ditto. 


D. 


March 11, 1856. 


James M. Haswell, d. d. 


1836 


Ditto. 


D. 


September 13, 1876. 


Alanson Eeed 


1836 


Ditto. 


To Siam. D. 1837. 


.Tnhn L. Shuck 


1836 


Ditto. 


Do 


. R. 1846. D. 186.S. 


Levi Hall 


1836 


Ditto. 


D. 


July 9, 1837. 


Edward A. Stevens, D. d. 


1836 


Ditto. 


D. 


June 19, 1886. 


Eobt. D. Davenport ... 


1836 


Ditto. 


To 


Siam. D. 1848. 


Lyman Stilson 
J. H. Chandler 


1837 


Ditto. 


E. 


December, 1851. 


1810 


Ditto. 


To Siam. R. 1856. 


Jos. G. Binney, D. D. ... 


1811 


Ditto. 


D. 


in November, 1877. 


Edwin B. BuUard 


1811 


Ditto. • 


D. 


April 5, 1847. 


Norman Harris 


1811 


Shwaygyeen. 


D. 


1884. 


Thos. S. Eanney 


1811 


Eangoon. 


E. 


July, 1856. 


John S. Beecher 


1816 


Ditto. 


D. 


October 22, 1866. 


William Moore 


1817 


Ditto. 


R. 


1851. 


H. L. Van Meter 


1818 


Bassein. 


D. 


August 18, 1870. 


C. C. Moore 


1818 


Akyab. 


R. 


1855. 


Judson Benjamin 


1818 


Tavoy. 


D. 


February 20, 1855. 


Harvey E. Knapp 


1850 


Akyab. 


D. 


November 9, 1853. 


Harvey M. Campbell ... 


1850 


Ditto. 


D. 


February 22, 1852» 


John Dawson, M. D. 


1850 


Eangoon. 


R. 


1861. 


Benj. C. Thomas 


1850 


Ditto. 


D. 


June 11, 1868. 


M. H. Bixby 


1852 


Shans. 


R. 


1872. 


J. L. Douglass 


1852 


Eangoon. 


D. 


July, 1869. 


C. L. Hibbard 


1852 


Ditto. 


R. 


1867. 


D. Whi taker 


1852 


Ditto. 


D. 


August 18, 1857. 


J. E. Nisbet 


1852 


Ditto. 


E. 


1855. 


T. Allen 


1852 


Ditto. 


R. 


1862. 


A. E. Crawley 


1853 


Eangoon. 


D. 


1876. 


Alfred B. Satterlee 


1853 


Arracan. 


D. 


July 1, 1856. 


George P. Watrons 


1853 


Rangoon. 


E. 


1860. 


James E. Haswell 


1859 


Ditto. 


D. 


May, 1877. 



American Baptist Missionary Union. 



165 



Names. 


Arrival. 


Field of labor. 


Bemarks. 


Isaac D. Colburn 
C. H. Carpenter 
S. F. Goodell 
E. D. Kelley 
H. Hopkinson 


1863 
1863 
1870 
1871 
1871 


Karens. 
Uang^oon. 

Ditto. 
Shans. 
Karens. 


R. 1880. 

R. 1885, To Japan, 1886. 
D. November, 1877. 
D. January 1, 1873. 
R. 1876. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

THE AMERICAN THEE BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

The Rev. Amos Sutton, D. D., may be called the founder of 
the Society and of its Mission in Northern Orissa and Southern 
Bengal. After nine years of labor in Orissa in connection with 
the General Baptist Society, his health failed, and he repaired to 
America. AVhile recruiting his health, he made earnest appeals to 
the Baptist churches in behalf of the perishing heathen of Orissa : 
and aroused and assisted by his labors the Free Baptists were led 
to form in 1834 a Foreign Missionary Society, of which Mr. Sutton 
was Secretary and Trayelling Agent for more than a year. In 
September, 1835, he left America as the leader of a party of 
twenty missionaries, male and female, being the largest missionary 
company which had up to that time ever left America for the 
Eastern hemisphere. 

The first two missionaries to enter Orissa for the Society 
were the Rey. Messrs. J- Phillips and Eli Noyes, who spent six 
months in connection with the English General Baptist mission- 
aries. At the expiration of that time it was nnitually agreed that 
they should enter a separate field, and Sambhalpore was selected : 
this was soon abandoned, however, and the station Balasore was 
occupied. The missionaries in addition to other labors formed 
the nucleus of a boarding-school. Early in 1840 Mr. PhilHps 
formed a new station at Jellasore, where schools were organized, 
and subsequently a hospital established. About 1842, a dispensary 
was opened at Balasore, and a medical class formed. This agency 
has been highly useful in the Mission. Midnapore was occupied 
in 1844, but was after a time abandoned: it was subsequently 
permanently occupied, and is now the centre of an interesting 
work. About 1852, work was opened at Santipore, near Jellasore. 
A farm of two hundred acres has been brought under cultivation, 
and affords means of support to a number of Christian families. 
The Mission has at present nine separate native Christian com- 
munities occupying fourteen villages. A number of schools have 
been opened, about half of which are for Santali children. 

The Mission has now twelve churches in the districts of Ba- 
lasore and Midnapore. There are schools at all the stations, 
mostly of a primary character. At Bhimpore, there is a Santal 
Training school, and there are about seventy primary schools in 
the Santal country. There is a high grade vernacular school at 



American Fhee Baptist Missioxary Society. 167 

Balasore and Chandballj, and an or})hanage fur girls at Jellasore 
and for boys at Balasore. In 1879 a Bible School for training 
native helpers was opened at Midnapore. There is a Mission 
Press at Midnapore, where Scriptures, tracts, and school books in 
Bengali, Oriya, and Santal are printed. 

The Society has at present ten missionaries and ordained 
native agents and eleven lady missionaries. There are in the 
Mission 558 communicants, and a Native Christian community 
of more than a thousand souls. 

[Z. F. G.] 

tt 

SECRETARIES. 

Hume Secy. — The Rev. T. H. Stagey, Lawrence, Mass., TJ. S. A. 
Indian Secy. — The Rev. 0. R. Bacheler, Midnapore, Bengal. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Bacheler, Otis Robinson (M. D.) B. Andover, N. H., IT. S. A.» 
Jan. 17, 1817. Or. Lowell. Mass., April, 1840. A Sept. 1840. S- 
Balasore, 1840-52. H. 1852-62. S. Midnapore, 1862-70. H. 1870-73 ' 
]\Iidnapore, 1874-1888. L. "Medical Guide" (in Oriya), 1848; 
^* Medical Guide" (in Bengali), 1852. H. July, 1883 to Apr, 1886. Ad- 
Midnapore^ Bengal. 

BuRKHOLDER, Thomas Wesley. B. 1850. Or. 1877. A. 1878. 
S. Bliimpore. W. ver. Ad. Midnapore, Bengal. 

CoLDREN, MiLo JoNEs. B. in La Grange Co., Iiid., L^. S. A., 
June 8, 1850. Or. March, 1875. Ed. Hillsdale Col. Mich., graduating 
in classical course, 1876, TlieoL, 1878- A. Dec. 24, 1879. Ad. 
Blind ruck, Orissa. 

Curtis, Silas. B. 1830, Or. 1872. Ad. Jellasore, Orissa. 

Fullonton, Josepli. Or. 1873, Ad. Balasore. Orissa. 

George, D. F. Ed. at Bates Col. (graduated in 188i;. A. Dec. 
1884. Ad. Midnapore, Bengal. 

Griffin, Zebina Flavius. B. in Ogle Co., 111., U. S. A. Or. 
June 23, 1878. Graduated at Hillsdale Col. 1881. A. Dec. 20, 
1883. Ad. Balasore, Orissa. 

Mishra, Jacob. B. at Balasore, 1850. Or. 1873. Ad. Midnapore ^ 
Bengal. 

Naijah, Kamal. B, 1837. Or, 1871. Ad, Balasore, Orissa, ■ 

Phillips, James Liddell, (M D.) B. at Balasore, 1840. Or. 1862. 
A. 1865. S. Midnapore, 1865-73, Bhimpore, 1874, ]\[idnapore. Prin- 
cipal of Bible School since 1879. II. 1875-78; 1885. Now in TJ. S. A, 



168 Indian Missionary Directory. 

DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Jeremiah Phillips, D. D. B. in I8I2, at Plainfield, N. Y., U. S. A. Or. 1835- 
A. 1836. S. Saiiibhalpore, Balasore, Jellasore, Santipore, Dantoon. W. ver. 
L. " Manual of Geography " in Oriya (1850) ; and " Introduction to the Santal 
Language" (1853) ; and a volume of "Scripture selections" in Santal. 
H. 1855-65. E. to America 1879. D. at Hillsdale, Mich., Dec, 9, 1879. 

Eli Noyes, D. D. B. in 1814 in Me., U. S. A. Or. in 1835. A. (one of 
the first missionaries of the Society) in Feb. 1836. S. several months at 
Cuttack, and then Sambhalpore for one year. From March, 1838, to June, 
1841, Balasore. On account of failing health left I. in June 1841. R. to 
America, and travelled for a time as agent for the Mission. Was afterwards 
engaged in pastoral work at Boston and Providence, R. I. About 1851 he 
removed to La Fayette, Indiana, where he D. about 1852. 

B. B. Smith. B. March 17, 1820, in Sandwich, N. H., U. S. A. Or. in 
June, 1852. A. 1852. S. Balasore. H. 1862-67. D. at Balasore, Nov- 22, 
1872. 

James C Dow. Of Livermore, Me., U. S. A. A. in March, 1844. S. 
Midnapore until early in 1847, when his health failed and he R. to America. 
Labored for a time as pastor : is now residing in one of the Western States, 
U. S. A. 

RuelCooley. Of New York, U. S. A. Ed. at Oberlin, Ohio. A. in Jan- 
1850. S. Balasore, where he labored ten years, preaching in Oriya and in 
Engl., and in charge of an orphanage and schools. On account of ill-health 
il. to America in 1861. Labored for a time as Home missionary ; for several 
years had charge of a church as pastor in Johnstown, Wis. D. 1885. 

Robert D. Frost. B. at Sugar Grove, lib, U. S. A., in 1846. Or. 1874. 
A. 1874. S. Midnapore. W. ver. R. 1876. Ad. Lewistoii, Me., U. S A. 

Albert Josiah Marshall. B. in Shelby, N. Y., U. S. A., Nov. 3, 1847. 
Or. Apr. 24, 1872. A. Nov. 15, 1873. S. Balasore. R. 1882. 

Richard M. Lawrence. B. Dover, Eng., Feb. 29, 1848. Ed. Hillsdala 
Col. Mich, (B. A. 1873). A. Dec. 12, 1874. S. Midnapore. R. 1881. 

Purna Chandra Bam. B in 1847. Or. 1875. D. Mar. 1886. 



CHAPTER XIV. 
GOSSNER'S EVANGELICAL LUTHEEAN MISSION. 

Father or Pastor Gossner, the founder of this Mission, was 
originally a Homish priest, but afterwards became a director of the' 
Berlin Missionary Society. Differing from his colleagues of the 
directorate in his views of a missionary's qualifications he with- 
drew, and in 1836 constituted himself into a Committee for the 
education and supply of foreign missionaries. His candidates 
were partly well-educated men, theologians and schoolmasters^ and 
partly mechanics and artisans. All of them tried in the beginning 
of the Mission to earn their livelihood by manual labor, hut find- 
ing it impracticable the plan was abandoned. His first mission- 
aries to India were sent in 1838 and 1840, part to Bengal and the 
others to Central India. Of six who attempted to establish an 
agricultural colony among the Gonds, four were cut down by 
death within five days of each other, only a few months after 
reaching their field of labor. The others repaired to Nagpore, but 
were not spared long, and the mission was thus a failure. 

The first station occupied in Bengal was Muzaffarpore, in 
1840. Missionary operations were commenced at Chapra in 1812 : 
at Buxar in 1852, and at Durbungah in 1863. 

The Society was organized in 1812. In 1811 it sent to India 
four missionaries, the Rev. Messrs. Schatz, Batsch, Brandt^ and 
Jancke. Arriving at Calcutta they sought the advice of the 
missionaries there, as to the most eligible field of labor, and were 
advised to proceed to Chota Nagpore, and open a Mission among 
the Kols. They reached Ranchi near the end of 1815, and began 
mis sionary operations. They labored patiently five years without 
seeing any return. On the Sth of June, 1850, the first fruits were 
gathered, four men from among the Kols receiving baptism. 
Other converts were gained, and the work began to spread from 
place to place. In 1848 a station had been formed at Lohardugga, 
in 1850 another was opened at Govindpore, and in 1853, a third 
at Hazaribagh. Year by year the churches increased in number, 
until, at the time of the breaking out of the Mutiny, they number- 
ed upwards of 700 souls. Along with other Europeans the 
missionaries were driven from their homes by the rebels. The 
bungalows at Banchi were set on fire. '' The mission-houses being 
tiled were stripped of their furniture and books : the church was 
gutted, and the organ puUed to pieces ; cannon-balls were fireci 



170 Indian Missionaey Directoey. 

into tlie tower, but disfigured wdthout harming it. The converts 
were hunted from their houses, and lost all their property of every 
kind : ail their village chapels were unroofed and stripped ; and 
at last wdien nothing else remained, a price was set upon the con- 
verts' heads. A few were killed, and their persecutors had seri- 
ously planned to exterminate the Christians from the province, 
when the English soldiers marched up from Hazaribagh, put an 
end to disorder, and captured the rebel dehnquents. The mission- 
aries speedily returned, work was resumed ; the congregations 
were regathered ; and a strange measure of prosperity was hence- 
forth granted."* 

By 1863, the church in Chota Nagpore had increased to 
1,286 members. In this year a new station was formed at Puru- 
lia in Manbhoom. In 1864 missionary operations were commenc- 
ed at Chaibasa in Singbhoom. The number baptized up to the 
end of the year 1868 was 11,108. In November of this year six 
of the missionaries w- ith about 4,000 Christians withdrew^ from the 
Society and on their own application were received by the Society 
for the Propagation of the Gospel. 

Since the schism, the pioneer Society has re-occupied three 
old, and taken up two new, stations. In 1869 a station was form- 
ed at Burju in the Lohardugga district, which w^as called Patras- 
burj (Petersburgh) ; a Russian gentleman having presented to the 
Society at Berlin 3,000 silver roubles, with the request that a 
station might be founded in Chota Nagpore to be called Peters- 
burgh in commemoration of the blessing which was received in 
St. Petersburgh by the preaching of Pastor Gossner. In 1870 
Govindpore, which had been unoccupied since the Mutiny, was 
taken up : and in 1871 Lohardugga was also re-occupied. lu 
1871 a new station was established at Takarma in the Lohardugga 
district, called Mathauspur. In 1885 Singhani, near Hazaribagh, 
in the Ramgarh District, was re-occupied, and work was again 
taken up amongst the Santals. 

Much attention has been given by the Mission to the subject 
of education, but with the exception of the Boarding schools 
and the Theological Seminary, the work has not been very success- 
ful. There are 58 schools with 1,335 pupils. The Girls' Board- 
ing schools supported by Ladies' societies m Germany are doing 
well : six missionary ladies and 12 native school masters are 
engaged in these schools. 

The Central educational institution vi at Ranchi, conducted, 
by a European Principal, assisted by two European missionaries 
and other teachers : it is divided into three parts, the Boys' school ; 

* X)r. ^luUeus' '• Icn Years' Missionary Labour in India," pp. 41, 43, 



Gossnek's Evangelical Lutheran Mission. 171 

the Normal school for training scripture readers and school 
teachers ; and the Theological Seminary : 283 students were enrolled 
in 1885. 

In March, 1855, Ghazipore, in the Korth-West Provinces, 
was occupied for the Society by the late Rev. Yv^. Ziemann, who 
had already paid several visits to the place in his preaching tours. 
Previously, in 1814, three missionaries of the Berlin "Society 
had established a mission here, but after a few years the mission 
was discontinued. The field has proved a good one, and a flourish- 
ing church has been established. 

The following are the statistics for 1885 : — 

Foreign Missionaries, ... ... 17 

Native Ordained Agents, ... ... H 

Native Christians, ... ... 31,328 

Communicants, .., ... 11,8G8 



SECRETARIES. 



General Secretary, — Prof. Lio. Platii, Berlin. 
Indian Sbcretary. — The Rev. A. Notteott, Burju, Chota 
Nagpore. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Bartsch, Ferdinand, B. June 9, 1850, at Koeaigsberg, Prussia. 
A. 1875. Ad. Govindpur, Chota Nagpore. 

Beyer, Wilhelm Lebrecht Albert. B. Nov. 24, 1848, at New- 
stettin, Prussia. Or. Dec 31, 1873. M. Nov. 19, 1874. A. Dec. 29, 
1874. S. Principal of the Mission school at Ghazipore, until 1878 ; 
Govindpur till Mar. 188.5, since, Ranclii, Priu. Theol. Sem. and Normal 
School. L. Translated Luke, John, and iVcts into Mundari (Bible Socy. 
Calcutta). Ad. Ranclii, CJiota Nagpore. 

Bransfeld, Ch. A. in Oct. 1880. Ad. Muzaffarpore, Chota Nagpore. 

Bruske, Julius Traugott. B. Ausche, Germany, Sept. 5, 1853. 
A. Dec. 20, 1870. M. 1883. Or. 1884. Ad. Banchi, Cliota Nagpore. 

Didlaukies, David. B. June 6, 1836, at Klein- Wannagupchen, 
Prussia. A. in 1803. Or. in 1872. H. March, 1877, to Oct. 1878. S. 
Ghazipore, 1878-80, Purulia ; and (Ad.) Chaihassa, Chota Nagpore. 

Eidnaes, p., Esq. A. Dec. 1882. Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Gemsky, Otto. B. Noy, 29, 1<^62, at Rahmed, Prussia. A. in 1875, 
S. Ranchi, 1875-80, since, at (Ad.) Govindpur, Banchi, Chota Nagpore, 

Hahn, Carl IIeinrich Philip Ferdinand. B. Ketzin, Prussia, 
Feb. 15, 184G. Or. April, 1876. A. Sept. 1868. S. Ranchi, 1868-76, in 



172 Indian Missionaby Dikectohy. 

eonnection with Theo. Sem., Chaibasa, 1876-77 ; Lohardugga, 1878, 
to present. L. A small Hindi Eeading Book ; Biblical History in Urdu 
(Calcutta B. and T. Socy), H. 1882-83. Ad. Lohardugga, Chota Nagjwj-e, 

Ilemrom, Aiyiib. Or. 1876. Ad. Sarnatola, Burju, CJiota Nagpore. 

Kampfhenkel, Carl. B. Niemegk, Prussia, July 6, 1835. A. 
April, 1865. M. 1873. Or. March 5, 1874. S. Govindpore, 1865-77, 
since, Takarma. H. 1881-82. Ad. Takarma, Banchi, Chota Nagi^ore, 

•KiEFEL, E. W. A. B. at Striese, Germany, March 30, 1856. A. 
Oct. 19, 1880. Or. S. Takarma, 1880-81 ; Eanchi, 1882-85 ; since, 
April, 1885, at (Ad.) Singhani, near Hazaribagh, Chota Nagpore. 

KhristkaUijan, Gulah. B. 1845. Or. Mar. 1885. Ad. Furulia, Man- 
bhoom, Chota Nagpore. 

Kristochit, Nondiroynar. B. in Sept. 1847. Or. 1880. Ad. Bam- 
Tchatanga, Chota Nagpore. 

Lakra, Hamdc. Or. 1875. Ad- Taplara, Chota Nagpore. 

LaJcra, Bufus. B. 1856. Or. 1884, Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore, 

Lalzshman, Anand Masih. Or. 1875. Ad, Bandgau, Bmju, Chota 
Nagpore. 

LoRBEER, August William Henry. B. Wippra, Saxony, Dec. 14, 
1840. Or. A. 1865. M. in 1867. S. Ghazipore, 1865-71 ; Eanchi, 1871 ; 
Lohardugga, 1872-76 ; Muzafferj^ore, 1876-78. H. to Germany, Oct. 
1878-80. Ad. Ghazipore, N. W. P. 

Nemo, Paidus. Formerly a zemindar. Or. in 1869, and appoint- 
ed to his adjacent villages, Ad. Jargo, Manhhoom, Chota Nagpore. 

^NoTTROTT, Carl Alfred. B- Oppershaushen, Prussia, in 1837. 
E. at Halle, Wiittemberg, 1860-64. Or. 1867. A. 1867. M. L. (1.) 
Dictionary (English-Moondari, not yet published). (2.) Hymn-book in 
Kolh. (3.) Bible History (Old Testament) in Kolh. (4.) Translation 
of St. Matthew and St. Mark's Gospels (Moondari). (5.) Catechism 
and several small works in Kolh. Ad. Burju, Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

ISTowACK, Wilhelm. B. Oct. 15, 1842, at Preussisch Eylau, 
Prussia. A. 1873. S. Eanchi, 1873-74 ; Ghazipore, 1874-75 ; Eanchi, 
1875-77, since, Jan, 1878, at (Ad.) Chapra, Bengal. 

Onasch, Johan Herman Carl. B. Sept. 8, 1!^'36, at Schosnwalde, 
Pomerania. A. in Jan. 1861. Or. in 1865. M. in 1867. S. Eanchi, 
1861; Singhani, 1862-64; Vurulia, 1865-70 ; Eanchi, 1871 ; Purulia, 
1872-7B. H. 1874-75 ; Parulia, 1876. A. Eanchi, 1877, to present. 
Ad. Banchi, Chota Nagpore. 

Eiemann, Ernst Waldemar Eudolf. B. Oct. 14, 1862, in 
Saxony. A. Nov. 1885. Ad. Lohardugga, Chota Nagpore. 

Soke, Sidaiman. Or. 1885. Ad, Burju, Chota Nagpore. 

Tassu, Mansidh. B. 1855. Or. May 6, 1882. Ad. Kotbo, Chota 
Nagpore. 

Topo, Yunas. B. 1853. Or. Mar. 15, 1885. Ad. Marcha, Chota 
Nagpore. 

Tugu, Andrias. B. in 1840. Or. in July, 1875. Pastor of th« 
congregation in (Ad.) Koiongsar, Chota Nagpore. 



Gossnee's Evangelical Lutheran Mission. 



173 



Tugu, Nathanael B. in 1836, Or. in July, 1872. Pastor of tht 
congregation in (Ad.) Jeyur, Cliota Nagpore. 

Uffmann, Peter Henry. B. Feb. 15, 1831, in Prussia. A. Feb. 
18, 1866. Or. in 1874. M. H. to Europe 1880-81. Ad. Purulia, Chota 
Nagpore. 

Voss, WiTHELM LuTHERi. B. at Uetersen, Holstein, June 14, 
1842. A, Sept. 1868. Or. 1877. M. S. Eanchi and Chaibasa. H. 
1883-84. Supdt. Miss. Press at (Ad.) Eanclii, Chota Nagpore. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



Names. 


ArrivaL 


Station. 


Death or Eetiral. 


Paproth 


1838 


Hajipur. 




D. 1840. 


Kluge 


1839 


Do. 




D. 1841. 


Stnlpnagel 


1838 


Do. 




D. 1842. 


Maass 


. 1838 


Do. 




D. 1842. 


Schorisch 


. 1839 


Kamptee. 




D. 1845. 


Bartels 




Do. 


D. 


August 16, 1845. 


Apler 







D. 


May 27, 1848. 


Louis Brandin 


. 1838 


Hajipur. 




D. 1862. 


Eibbentropp 




Gbazipore. 




D. 1863. 


G. W. Ziemann 


. 1842 


Ghazipore. 


D. 


December 26, 1881. 


C. F. Dodt 


. 1854 


Muzaffarpore. 




R. 1884. 


A. Sternberg 




... 




D. 1864. 


Ott 





Chaibasa. 




D. 1866. 


Paul Strive 






D. 


August 20, 1866. 


V. Gerpen 





... 




D. 1868. 


T. Jellinghaus 




Patrasburj. 




E. 1870. 


C. Haeberlin 




Ranchi. 




Do. 1873. 


W. Sternberg 




Ghazipore. 


D. 


July 30, 1874. 


C. Baumaun 




Chapra. 


D. 


at Benares 1878. 


F. Hepp 




Eanchi. 


D. 


in Germany 1877. 


E. W. Huss 




Chota Nagpore. 




D. June, 1878. 


C. F. Sternberg 




Eanchi. 




E. 1877. 


"W. Kroecber 


. 1871 


Do. 




R. 1885. 


E. Eeinart 


. 1872 


Do. 




E. 1885. 


F. Sonimer 


. 1877 


Do. 




D. 1885. 


0. Werth 


1877 


Do. 




R. 1884. 


M. Hartmann 


. 1882 


Do. 




E. 1884. 



CHAPTER Xy. 

LEIPZia EYAiaELIOAL LUTHEMN SOCIETY. 

This Society was established at Dresden on the 16tli of August, 
1819, and worked during the first year in connection with the 
Missionary Society at Basel. A preparatory school for missionary 
candidates was opened in 1832, and in 1836 the Society began 
missionary operations by itself. In 1848 the central seat was 
removed from Dresden to Leipzig, in order that the mission 
students might have the benefit of a University education, .and the 
Society received, at the same time, its present organization, and its 
title was changed from ^' Dresden" to " Leipzig" Society. 

In 1840 the Society sent the Rev. H. Cordes as its first- 
missionary to India. Lie landed at Madras December 27, 1840, 
and arrived at Tranquebar March 20, 1841, where he began his 
labours in connection with the Danish Mission. The Rev. C. 
Ochs arrived in December, 1842, and the Rev. J. M. N. Schwarz 
in December, 1843. In consecpaence of the return of the Danish 
missionary, tlie Rev. H. Knudson, to Denmark in 1843, and of the 
cession of the Danish Indian Colonies to the British in 1845, the 
charge of the Tranquebar Mission devolved entirely upon the mis- 
sionaries of the Leipzig Society, and in June, 1847, the Danish 
Mission Board, on an order of His Majesty, King Christian VIII, 
entrusted the management of its affairs in India to the Leipzig (Dres- 
den) Society, and transferred to it in October, 1849, its landed pro- 
perty in India, together with about 1,200 Christians, 5 catechists, and 
16 teachers. More labourers were in the course of time sent out from 
Leipzig, and the work, which was carried on vigorously, enjoyed 
the blessing of the Lord. In 1845 the Society occupied Mayaveram : 
in 1847-1849 two small stations near Tranquebar : in 1848 
Madras ; in 1849, Puducottah, which was trr.nsferred to it by the 
American Madura Mission. Trichinopoly was taken up in 1850 ; 
Tanjore, in 1851 ; Manikramam, in 1852. Combaconam, Coimba- 
tore, Cuddalore, and Sadras were occupied in 1856 ; Negapatam, 
in 1862 ; Motupatty, in 1864 ; Yercaud, in 1865 ; Chidambaram, 
in 1866 ; Shivah, in 1868 ; Aneikadu, in 1869 ; Bangalore, in 
1873 ; Madura and Villupuram, in 1874 ; Rangoon in 1878. 

In the year 1856 the third " jubilee year" of the Tranquebar 
Mission was celebrated. By this time there were 4,166 Christians 
living in 142 villages belonging to the mission. In 1860 an ordi- 
nation of native ministers, the first since 1817, took place at Tran- 



Leipzig Evangelical Luthekak Society. ItS 

.qnebar. Since 1841, when the Society began its work here, to 
the end of 1885, about 14,700 heathen have been carefully instruct- 
ed in the fundamental truths of Christianity according to Luther's 
smaller catechism, and received holy baptism. There are now 25 
European and 12 native ordained ministers labouring in 20 
stations ; 13,589 Christians living in 5G4 towns and villages;' 65 
catechists, 143 schools with 207 teachers and 3,32G scholars. The 
estimated number of communicants is 4,130. The church fund 
collected for the support of Pastors amounts at present to 
lis. 30,782. 

[C. F. K.] 



SECRETAEIES. 



Home Secretary. — The Rev. Dr. Hardeland, Leipzig. 
Indian Secretary. — Te^e Rev. C. F. Kremmer, Tranquehar. 



MVSSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Antony, Vedanayagam Mariamsey. B. at Piulucottali, ]^ov. o, 18IG. 
Or. October 12, 1884. Ad. Peraiyur, Madura, Madras P. 

Baierlein, Edward Raimand. B. April 29, 1819, in Germany. 
Eel. at the Dresden Seminary. 1843. Or. in 1817 and sent as a mission- 
ary to America ; labored among the American Indians in Michigan. M. 
in 1848. A. in Dec. 1853. S. Sadras, Cuddalore, Bangalore. AV. Yer. 
L. Two works in German (publislied at Leipzig) : " The Land of the 
Tamulians and its missions" (Engl.) : Higginbotham and Co., Madras ; 
1875. H. 18G0-62, 1871-72, and in 188G. ^Now in Europe, 

BeisenHerz, Heinrich Daniel Lodovig. B. Sachsenberg, Wal- 
deck, Feb. 1, 1841. Ed. at Leipzig. Or. 1870. A. Nov. 19, 1870. S. 
>Tegapatam, 1872-74 ; Vilkipuram, 1874 78, Porair, 1879-85. Since 
Feb. 1885, Chidambaram. H. to Europe, 1878-79. Al. Chidambaram, 
Madras P. 

Bergstedt, Diedrich. B. March 30, 184G, at Hilgermissen, Han- 
over. Ed. at Leipzig. Or. 1875. A. Aug. 20, 1875. Ad. Trichinopoly, 
Madras P. 

Brunotte, Johanx Heinrich Christoph. B. in Hanover, Oct> 
2, .1834. Ed. at Ilermannsburg. Or, Mar. 19, 186G. A. Sept. 2, 18G6. 
Labored in the Hermannsbm'g Mission until Sept. 1878, when he join- 
ed the Leipzig Society. M. Ad. ViVunuram, Madras P. 

Christian, Virairpan. B. Sept. 5, 1832. Or. Feb. 19, 1865. Ad. 
Motupatty, Madras P. 

David, Daniel. B, Jmie 30, 1815. Or. Oct. S, 187G. Ad, 
Negajyatam, Madras P, 



176 Indian Missionaby Director'?. 

David, Devasirvadam. B. at Cuddalore, Nov. 23, 1852. Or. Feb. 
3, 1884. L. Tamil Etymological Grammar. Ad. Picrsewaukartiy 
Madras P. 

Devasagayam, K. B. in 1840. Or. Oct, 31, 1878. Ad. Aneihadu, 

Tanjore, 

Demsagayam, Njanamuttu. B. at Cannandagoody, near Tanjore, 
Aug. 9, 1851. Or, Feb. 3, 1884. L. A Tamil Tract on Vedantism. Ad. 
Bangoon, Burma. 

Devasirvadam, Njanapragasam-. B, at Kegapatam, June, 1843. 
Or. Feb. 14, 1886. Ad. Eoyajmram, Madras. 

Dachselt, Ernst Leberecht. B. near Kesseldorf, in Saxony, 
Jan. 15, 1857. Educated at Leipzig. Or. May 5, 1885. A. Aug. 2, 1885. 
Ad. Fuducottah, Madras P. 

Gehrixg, Fr. C. Alwix. B. in Thuringia, Feb. 9, 1853. Ed. at 
Leipzig, 1872-76. Or. 1866. A. Oct. 9, 1877. S. Combaconam, Kangoon, 
Pudncottah. Ad. Puducottah, Madras P. 

GcETTSCHiNG, GusTAY. B. Aug. 1, 1863, in Meerano (Saxony), Ed. 
at Leipzig, Or. May 31, 1885. A. Aug. 2, 1885. Ad. Tanjore. 

Handmann, Heinkich Richard. B. at Oscbitz, near Scbleiz, Feb, 
27, 1840. Ed. Leipzig and Erlangen. Or. May 25, 1862. A. Oct. 8, 
1862. S. Tranquebar, Manikramam, Tricbinopoly, Poreiar Seminary, and 
since 1878, Madras. M. 1867. H. 1876-1878. Ad. Pursewankam, 
Madras. 

Herre, Wilhelm Heinrich Gustav. B in Wiirtteraberg, Sept, 
27, 1831. Or. Aug. lO, 1856. A. in cmnection witb the Basel Society, 
Dec. 15, 1856. S. Tellicbery, 1856-60. H. 1860-61 ; Palgbaut, 1861-63 ; 
Yerkaud, 1863-66. In 1865 joined the Leipzig Society. Coimbatore, 
1866-73. H. 1873-75 ; Cuddalore, since Jan. 1876. Ad. Cuddalore^ 
Madras P. 

HoBuscH, Friedrich. a. Sept. 27, i860. Established the mission 
press ^\hicb he has since superintended ; is also treasurer of the mis- 
sion. H. 1868-69 and 1878-79. Ad. Tranquehar. 

HoERRERG, SvEN Peter. B. July 24, 1852, in Sweden. Or. May 
21, 1884. A. Aug. 1885. Ad. Madura, Madras P. 

Just, Ernst. B. June 22, 1861, near Zittoni (Saxony). Or. May 
31, 1885. A. Dec. 24, 1885. Ad. Tranquehar. 

Karis, Johannes Rudolph Carl Ferdinand. B. at Rudolstadt, 
Germany, Aug. 1, 1853. Ed. at Leipzig. Or. April 22, 1877. A. Oct. 
9, 1877. M. in 1879- S, Mayaveram. AV. Siipdt. of press. Ad, Maya- 
veram, Madras P. 

Kempff, John Martin. B, in Alsace. Or. May 10, 1885. A. Aug. 
2, 1885. Ad. Punruty, Madras P. 

Kremmer, Carl Friedrich. B. Sept. 8, 1817, in Hesse CasseL 
Ed. at the Dresden Sem. A. March 5, and Or. at Tranquebar, Oct. 18, 
1847. S. Madras, 1848-58 ; Poreiar 1858-1861. M. in l853. H. Jan. 1861 
to Jan. 1863 ; Aug. 1875 to May 1877. Madura, 1877 to 1884. Sinco 
Sept. 1884, Senior of the Mission. Ad. Tran(iuebar, Madras P, 



Leipzig Evangelical Lutheran Society. 177 

Matthey, Eugene. B. April 17, 18G0, in Lieban. Ed. at Leipzig. 
Or. May 3, 1885, at St. Petersburg. A. August 2, 1885. Ad. Madras. 

Maye, Axdreas. B, May 20, 1838, in Bavaria. Ed. at Erlangen and 
Leipzig, Or. April 5, 1861. A. Oct. 4, 1861. S. Cuddalore, 18G2 ; Madras, 
1868 ; Coimbatore, 1864-66 ;:N'egapatam, 1867-70 ; Mayaveram, 1870-76 ; 
TrichinojDoly, 1876-78; Rangoon, since April, 1880. 11, March to Nov. 
1870- Ad. Rangoon^ Burma. 

Njanahisliegam, Aaron John. B. March 2, 1851. Or. Oct. 12, 
1881. Ad. Poreiar near Tranquehar. 

OucHTERLOxEY, Carl ALEXANDER. B. Oct, 12, 1826, at Stock-' 
holm. Ed. at Lund, where he ^Yas Or. in 1852. A. Dec. 9, 1853. M. 
Sept. 3, 1859. H. 1865-67, and from Aug. 1879 to Sept. 1881- Ad, 
Coimbatore, Madras P. 

Paesler, Ludwig Trangott. B. in Silesia, Jan. 1, 1850- Ed. 
Leipzig, 1866-74. Or. May 2, 1875. A. Aug. 20, 1875. M. 1878. 
Ad. Ihnjore, Madras P. 

Palciam, Maduranayagar.i. B. at Tranquehar, March 11, 1835. 
Ed. at Tranquehar, where he was Or. Feb. 19, 1865. L. Tamil works, 
entitled " Glory of Eedemption," " Refutation of a Popish tract against 
Luther," " A collection of stories from the German," etc. M. Ad. 
Shiyali, Madras P. 

Pamperrien, Karl Heinrich Ferdinand Ludw^ig. B. in Meck- 
lenberg, Aug. 11, 1845, Ed. at Berlin and Rostock. Or. Rudolstadt, 
April 22, 1877. A. Oct. 9, 1877. M. in 1879. S. Tranquehar, 
1878-1880; Tanjore, 1880-84. Since 1885 Poreiar, in charge of the 
Seminary. Ad. Poreiar, Madras P. 

Pounajipen, Sand, Dev. B. at Tranquehar, March 23, 1843. Ed. at 
Tranquehar. Or. June 6, 1874. M. Ad. Manelmodu, near Mayareram, 
Madras P. 

Perianayagam, T. P. B. at Madras, July 2d, 1851. Or. Oct. 
31, 1878. S. Tranquehar, 1878 ; Madura, 1879 ; Madras, 1880 ; 
Coimbatore, 1882. Ad. Coimbatore, Madras P. 

Samuel, N. NJanapragasam. B. near Combacanam, Sept. 18, 1850. 
Or. Oct. 31, 1878. L. Composed several poetical tracts. Has written 
in Tamil the following works : A short sketch of the Life of Martin 
Luther, Meditations for Lent, a Pocket Communion Book, and Reference 
book of Bible Texts. Ad. Tranquehar. 

Schaeffer, Heinrick August Edward. B. June 27, 1842, at 
Erfurt, Prussia. Ed. and Or. (in 1864) at Leipzig. K. Oct. 13, 1864. 
M. in 1868. W.' Educational. L. A series of Translation Exercises. H. 
April, 1878, to Dec. 1879. Ad. Tranquehar. 

Sandegren, Carl Jacob. B. ISToy. 1, 1,851 at Naesinge, Sweden. 
Ed. and 0:-. in Sweden. A. l^ov. 17, 1869. M. in 1872. L. Has 
translated from the Swedish a catechetical Sermon Book on the Gospels, 
S. Madra.v; Coimbatore, and Madura. Ad. Madura, Madras P. 

Wannske, Johann Heinrich. B. May 11, 1835, in Lissa, Prussia, 
Ed. at Leipzig. Or. in 1863. A. Dec. 19, 1863. M. in 1870. IL 1880, 



178 Indian Missionary Directory. 

S. Negapatam, IMajaveram, and Combaconam. Ad. Combaconam, 
Madras P. 

WiNKEL, Ernst. B. Dec. 30, 1862, in Prussia. Ed. at Leipzig, 
Or. in Augermunde, May 14, 1885. A. August 2, 1885. Ad. Maya- 
veram, Madras P. 

ZiETYOCHMANN, JuLius Friedrick. B. in Saxonj^^ Marcli 13, 
1852. A. Oct. 9, 1877. M. In charge of the Industrial ^School. Ad. 
Tranquehar , 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



Johann Heinrich Carl Cordes. B. March 21, 1813, in Hanover. Ed. at 
the Dresden Sem. Or. at Greiz, Feb. 26, 1840. A. Dec. 27, 1840 ; at Tran- 
quebar, March 20, 1841. H. March, 1848, to Sept. 1849 : _ Aug. 1857 to Aug. 
1858. Was Senior and Secretary of the mission while in 1., for some time 
had charge of the training institution. Edited a small Engl, hymn-book for 
the Luth. Congregation at Tranquebar and the Liturgy for Tamil churches. 
E. in 1870, and joined the Home Committee in 1872. Ad. Mission House, 
Leipzig, Germany. 

Johann Michael Nicholaus Schwarz. B. March 21, 1813, at Hagenbuch, 
in Bavaria. Ed. at Dresden. Or. April 27, 1842. A. Dec. 25, 1843. M. L. several 
school books ; a prose translation of the first and second books of the Kural ; 
Explanation of Luther's smaller Catechism, reviser of the newly edited 
" Golden Treasury" of Bogatzky, the Church Liturgy ; editor of Fabricius' N. 
T. and Hymn books. Has never taken furlough. Was Senior and Secretary 
of the mission till Sept. 1884, when he retired. Ad. Tranquebar. 

K. H. Schmeisser. . B. July 19, 1819, at Furth, Bavaria. Ed. at the 
Dresden Sem. A. March 5, 1847. Or. at Tranquebar, Oct. 18, 1847. D. at 
Madras, June 3, 1848. 

August Friedrich Wolff. B. Jan. 19, 1819, at Wittloke in Hanover. 
Ed. at the Dresden Sem. A. March 5, 1847. Or. at Tranquebar, Oct, 18, 1847. 
M. in 1848. H. from Jan. 1864 to Dec. 1865. L. A Tamil tract, " Duty of search- 
ing the Scriptures" and " Letters on the Apocalypse" (Engl). D. in 1884, at 
Chidambaram. 

Ernst David Appelt. B. Dec. 30, 1810. Ed. at the Dresden Sem. A. 
Sept. 6, 1845. Or. at Tranquebar, Oct. 18, 1847. H. in Jan. 1859. Left 
the mission in Oct. 1860, and went to South Australia, where he obtained a 
pastorate. 

Julius Glasell. _ B. in Sweden in 1824. A. March 9, 1849. Left the 
mission in July, 1850. K. in 1851 : is now chaplain in Sweden. 

Johann C. George Speer. B. in 1824 at Holiendorf, Silesia. Ed. at the 
Dresden Sem, Or. Aug. 23, 1852. A. Dec. 26, 1852. Eet. home, sick, 
in May, 1853, and D. at Hohendorf, April 22, 1855. 

Gustav Emuidnuel Lunclgren. A. in Dec. 1853. Left the mission in 
Aug. 1854, and R. Pastoral work in Sweden. 

Johann Friedrich Meischel. B. Feb. 10, 1812, at Augsburg, Bavaria. 
Ed. in the Basel Sem. Sent in 1846 to Africa. Ret. home, and in 1854 came to 
I. in connection vrith the Leipzig Society. Left the mission in Feb. 1860, 
'P. in Australia. 



Leipzig Evaxgeltcal Lutheran Society. 179 

' Wilhelm Stalilin. P>. July 1, 1831, at Westheim, Bavaria. E.l. at Er- 
langen. Or. at :Mnnich, Nov. o, 1854. A. Jan. 12, 1858. Labored at Tran- 
quebar in charge of tlie }.Iission High School. H. in July, 18(36. Ilelinqnisherl 
mission service and remained at home as chaplain. 

Heinrich Wilhelm Weudlant. A. Jan. 12, 1858. Left L to join tlie 
Hermannsburg mission in Africa in Sept. 1859. D. at Emlazi, Africa, June 
24, 18(31. 

Anders Blomstrand. B. Wexis, Sweden, Dec. 19, 1822..Ed. Lund. Univ. 
(M. Ph. 1844). Or. 1849. Lecturer in Lund. Univ. 1846-55. A. Jan. 12, 1858. S. 
Tranquebar, Poreiar, ^Manikramam. Degree of D. D. in 1879. W. Educational. 
L. Editor of " Arunodayam" (Missionary newspaper), 1863-77. Translated into 
Tamil (1) Concordia ; (2) Scripture History ; (3) Sacred History ; (4) Church 
History ; (5) Graul's Doctrinal Differences ; (6) Lohe's Prayer book. Edited 
(1) Spener's Catechism. (2) Arndt's Garden of Paradise. (3) Arndt's True Chris- 
tianity. R. in 1885 to Sweden. 

George Christian Kelber. B. "Slay 29, 1828, at Krautostheim, Bavaria. Ed. 
at Erlangen. Or. at Auspach in 1857. A.Jan. 12, 1858 : labored at ^iladras. 
Left for Europe on sick leave in the Cleveland, which 'sailed from Madras 
in March, 1860, and was never heard of afterwards. 

Swen Ryden. B. Dec 24, 1825, at Hestra, Sweden. Ed. at Lund, where 
he was Or. in 1855. A. Jan. 12, 1858. H. from June, 1862, to Oct. 1864, 
and again in Feb. 1866. On his way home D. in London, June 1, 1866. 

Max Ludwig Julius Doderlein. B. Aug. 22, 1829, at Erlangen, in 
Bavaria. Ed. at Erlangen and Halle. Or. at Auspach in July, 1853. A. Sept. 
27, 1860. H. in Feb. 1870. Was not able to return on account of poor 
health : obtained a chaplaincy at home. 

X. Nahathamhi. B. (of Christian parents) in 1801- Baptized at Tan- 
jore ; licensed May 31, 1849. Or. June 27, 1860. E. in June, 1869. Died at 
Tanjore. 

Aaron Madiiraras(fr/an Samuel. B. at ]\Ladras, Feb. 10, 1827. Or. June 
27, 1860. Translated from the German Gerhard's Holy IMeditations (Tamil). 
D. at Poreiar in May, 1880. 

Hugo Schanz. B. Xov. 8, 1834, in Voigtland, Saxony. Ed. at Leipzig, 
where he was Or. May 22, 1862. A. Oct. 8, 1862. Edited two collections 
of sermons in Tamil ; Spiritual Lyrics, &c. Left I. on furloigh Feb. 16, 
1872, and remained at home as chaplain. 

Friedrich Aimer. B. Aug. 8, 1841, at Eoda, Saxony. Ed. at Leipzig, Or. 
in 1863. A. Dec. 12, 1863. 'D. at Madras, May 25, 1864. 

Wilhelm Germann. Ed. at Erlangen and Leipzig. A. Dec. 18, 1865. He 
wrote the lives of the first missionaries, Ziegenbalg, Griindler, Fabricius, and 
Schwarz (in German) : edited Ziegenbalg's " Genealogy of Malabar Gods" 
(German) : Fabricius' " Sermons on the Gospels" and Schultz^'s Translation of 
the Apocryphal Books in Tamil. E. Sept. 13, 1867 : is now chaplain in Ger- 
many. 

Sand. Sioamidaseri. B, at Tranquebar in July, 1817. Ed. at Tranquebar, 
where he was Or. Feb. 19, 1865. D. at Madura, Oct. 25, 1877. 

M. R. NJanendii/am. B. at Tanjore in 1816. Ed. at Tranquebar, where 
he^vasOr. Feb. 19,^1865. Labored at Tanjore, where he D. Dec. 27,1870. 

Ludwig Otto Kahl. B. April 17, 1843, at Kleinhenbach, Bavaria. Ed. at 
Erlangen. Or. at Bavaria in 1867. A. Nov. 29, 1867. D. at Trichinopoly, 
July 28, 1874. 

Johann Friedrich Tucker. B. Sept. 2, 1842, at Breitenau, Pavaria. Ed. 
at Erlangen. Or. in 1879. A. Nov. 19, 1870. E. in March, 187G, to Missouri, 
U. S. A. 



180 Indian Missionaby Directory. 

Heinrich Alfred Grubert. B.' Oct. 29, 1848, at Arensburg, Eussm. Ed. 
at Leipzig. Or. at Erlangen in May, 1871. A. July 8, 1871. M. 1873. R. 
March, 1876. D. in Germany in 1877. 

Carl Mantbey-Zorn. B. March 18, 1836, in North Germany. Ed. at Kiel, 
Erlangen, and Leipzig. Or, at Erlangen in :\Iay, 1871. A. -Aug. 7, 1871. S. Tran- 
queba? and Puducottah. E. in March, 1876, to :\Iissonri, U. S. A. 

Otto Heinrich Theodor Willkomrn. B. Nov. 30, 1847, Eversbach, Saxony. 
Ed. at Leipzig, where he was Or.;March 25, 1873. A. Sept. 17, 1873. E. in March, 

1876, to Saxony- 

Karl Ernst Grahl. B. Jan 1, 1838, at Mugeln, in Saxony. Ed. at Leipzig. 
Or. in 1870. A. Nov. 19,. 1870. S. Poreiar. Established Industrial School in 
1874. D. at Tranquebar, July 15, 1879. 

Manikam, Asirvadam. B. at Tranquebar, Dec. 10, 1833. Or. June 7, 1874. 
D. at Coimbatore, Oct. 1883. 

Pahianathaiu Amlrdam. B, at Tanjore Jan. 8, 1843. Or. Dec. 16, 1877. 
D. in Dec. 1883, at :\Iadura. 

Konrad Adolph Anton Thlefeld. B. at E aim, Germany, Feb. 21, 1837. Ed. 
Erlangen, Tubingen, and Eostock. Or. Oct. 1862. Pastoral work at home 1862-72. 
A. Sept. 16, 1873. S. Tanjore, 1874-75 ; Madras, 1875-78 ; Poreiar, 1878-85. 
L. Short essay on the Engl. Eeformation and the Anglo-Episcopal Church. 
Translated in Tamil German Catechism, and a Collection of Sermons. Edited 
Arunodavam till the beginning of 1885, when he E. to Germany. 



CHAPTER XVI. 

THE IMSH PRESBYTEMAK MISSION. 

As has already been seen, the London Missionary Society 
occupied Surat (Gujarat) in 1815, by sending out the Rev. 
Messrs. Fyvie and Skinner. (It may be remarked that the first 
to enter this field was the Rev. ( ■. C. Aratoon, an Armenian, a 
convert of the Baptist Mission in Bengal. He came to Surat 
in 1812, and continued to labor here until 1821, when he returned 
to Bengal). The London missionaries early devoted themselves 
to the work of translating the Scriptures.* A press established 
by Mr. Skinner still exists, and is known as the ''Surat Mission 
Press." For sixty years it has sent forth in continual issue hun- 
dreds and thousands of tracts and Scriptures. The missionaries 
just named were the founders of the Mission in Gujarat. They 
were the first to translate and publish the whole Bible, and were 
the authors of a goodly number of useful tracts, some of which 
are still in circulation. One of their number wrote a volume of 
sermons, prepared a book of prayers, and translated from 
Hindustani a small volume of hymns. They were joined from 
time to time by other laborers, among them the Rev. J. Y. 
Taylor, who arrived in 1846, and who subsequently connected 
himself with the Irish missionaries. Besides occupying Surat, 
the London missionaries labored with varied success at Baroda, 
Jambusir, Divan, Borsad, and in the Mahi Kanta Mission. 

In the year 1810 the Presbyterian Church in Ireland formed 
a Board of Foreign Missions. The peninsula of Kathiawar (which 
had not yet been occupied) was chosen as a special field of labor 
in India. In 1841 the Rev. James GlasgOAv and the Rev. Andrew 
Kerr (both of the Theological Institution at Belfast) arrived in 
the country, and proceeded to Rajkot. Within six months of 
their arrival, Mr. Kerr was removed by death, and Mr. Glasgow 
was left alone. In March, 1842, he was joined by his brother 
Adam and the Rev. R. Montgomery, and in December of the 
same year by the Rev. Messrs. McKee and Speers. The two 
brothers remained at Rajkot, Mr. Montgomery proceeded to 

* There have been several translations of the Scriptures into Guajrati : 

1. By Dr. Carey, Serampore : New Testament. 1820, 

2. By Rev. Messrs. Fyvie and Ecv. J. Skin-ner : Entire Bible. 1820-29. 

3. By Rev. Messrs. Clarkson and Flower : Gospels and Acts, 1815-14. 

4. By the Irish Missionaries ; Entire Bible. 1857-58. 



152 Indian Missionary Direotoby, 

Porbandar on tlie western coast of Katliiawar, and Mr. McKee 
to Gogo, on the eastern coast. 

At Porbandar, a learned and influential Mohamedan, after 
visitino- tlie missionaries and enqniring the way, was convinced of 
the truth of tl^e Christian religion, and in October, 1843, was 
baptized, as were his fether, brother and other members of the 
farai^Y. The excitement was so great among the people, that the 
Native Government refused to allow the missionaries to remain 
any longer in the place, and they were obliged most reluctantly 
to withdraw from it. 

About 1846 arrangements were entered into for the transfer 
of Surat from the London Society to that of the Irish Pres- 
byterians. Mr. Montgomery was appointed to this place, and 
occu})ied it (furloughs excepted) till his retirement in 1877. 
The work in Surat had not been fruitful in converts. Much 
labor had been bestowed upon the city by earnest men, but, at the 
time of its transfer, no congregation of converts had as yet been 
formed. 

The Mahi Kanta mission, which had been established about 
1844 by the Rev. Messrs. (Jlarkson and Flower, and which was 
proving a most important field, was transferred in 1859 by the 
London Society to the Presbyterians ; the former Society having 
decided to withdraw from Gujarat altogether. Tnis mission, 
which Avas first called the " Baroda mission, " and afterwards 
(the Guikwar having refused to alloAv the missionaries to prosecute 
their labors in his territories) the " Mahi Kanta, " is now general- 
ly known as the " Borsad mission." 

Meanwhile, the Propagation Society having withdrawn from 
Ahmed abad, this station was taken up in 1861 by the Presbyte- 
rian Mission. The resources of Borsad as to land being exhausted 
(the converts being as a rule agriculturists), a new settlement 
was founded at Shahavadi, about four miles from Ahmedabad. At 
first 64 persons removed here, and others rapidly followed, so 
that Borsad was almost deserted : it was soon re})lenished, however, 
by converts drawn from the Dheds. In a few years the Dheds 
in the Borsad and adjoiinng districts began to show a disposition 
to embrace Christianity. 

AVhen many of them began to profess Christianity, it was not 
possible to form them into separate communities, nor was it con- 
sidered desirable to do so at the time. But from later experience 
gained in the work among these low caste converts, it became 
evident that while they might be able to live in their own villages 
among their old friends and neighbours, yet it was exceedingly 
undesirable for their own sakes as well as for the cause of Christ 
to encourage them to do so. Hence since 1878, wherever 



Irish Peesbyteeian Mission. 183 

possible land lias been procured from Government, and small 
Christian communities settled on it. One sucb, of over 100 
acres, was formed at Brookbill near Borsad, wbere about 15 
Christian farmers now reside together, and live by agriculture. 
Another was formed at the same time at Bhalaj near Anan. At 
Bhalaj and four or five other villages in the neighbourhood, nearly 
40 (Christian farmers reside on the land whicii they cultivate, 
and apart from their heathei friends. Another portion of land 
containing over 1,000 acres has been obtained more recently from 
Government at a village named Chetarsumba, 8 miles north of 
the famous shrine of Dakore, and 30 miles from Anan. Sixteen 
families of colonists were sent to it last year, and it is hoped that 
more will be sent daring the present year. About 1869 a 
Christian village was formed near Gogha, and named, after one 
of the missionaries, Wallacepur. Iv is in a flourishing condition. 

In recent years there has been a considerable advance 
in the number of converts, the formation of congregations, 
and the erecaon of churches. Churches have been built at 
'Neriad, Anand, Bhalaj, Brooivhill, Khardana, Amode, and 
Bhownagar : and besides these there are churches at Surat, 
Borsad, Wallacepur, and Ranipur or Shahavadi. 

Medical work was commenced at Gogha, when Dr. Osborne 
joined the Mission in the end of 1881, but owing to ill-health he 
had to return home in the spring of 1885, and the work has had 
to be discontinued. 

» Educational work both in Gujarati and English has been 

diligently carried on. The report for 1884: shows that there were, 
in connexion with the Mission, 42 vernacular schools, with 2,028 
pupils, for whom a grant-in-aid of Rs. 2,360 was received from 
Government. There are 3 English schools (2 High Schools and 
1 Branch school) with over 900 pupils on the rolls. The grant-in-aid 
received from Government in 1885 for these schools amounts to 
Es. 7,800. 

Scripture lessons are regularly and carefully given in all 
schools and classes without, exception. 

The Zenana Mission dates from 1871 ; ladies are at work in 
Surat, Borsad, and Ahmedabad. ^'The usual departments of Zenana 
work, educational, Medical, and Zenana teaching are in operation. 

The follovving are the statistics (for 1885) of this Mission : — ■ 

Foreign Missionaries ... ' ... 10 

Zenana Ladies ... ... ... 7 

Native Christians ... ... ... 1,418 

Communicants ... ... ... 302 

[J. s.] 



18^ Indian Missionary Dieectory. 

SECEETAEIES. 

Convener— TfiE Rev. W. Fleming Stevenson, d. d., BatJigar, 
Dublin. 

Indian Secretary. — The Eev. J. Shillidy, Surat. 



MEMBEBS OF THE MISSION. 

Beatty, William. Ed. at tlie Queen's Univ. Ireland (B. A.). Ar. in 
1865, and was api^ointed to Goglia. Founded the Christian colony of 
Wallacepur, near Gogha, and built church there. S. Gogha and 
Ahmedabad. H. 1877. Rt. 1878. H. 1884:, Now at home. 

Boyd, Eobekt. Ed. at Triu. CoL Dublin (B. A.) and at 
Belfast. A. 1881:. Ad. Gogha, Ahmedabad, Bombay P. 

Brown, William Vv'allace. Ed. at Queen's Univ. Ireland (M. A.). 
A. HI Dec. 1871. S. Surat and Borsad. Founded Christian colony at 
Brookhill, near Borsad, and built church there. H, 1881. Now in 
Australia. 

Gillespie, Egbert. Ed. at Queen's Univ. Ireland (B. A.), Ar. in 
1868. S. Eajkot, Ahmedabad, and Borsad. H. 1870- Et. 1881. 
Had charge of Christian village of Shahavadi for several years, and 
built churcii there. Ad. Borsad, Kaira, Bombay P. 

Jervis, Alfred S. Ed. at Bombay Univ. Prin. Mission High 
School, at (Ad.) Surat, Bombay P. 

MacAfee, Frank L. Ed. at Bombay Univ. (B. A.). Superintendent 
Mission High School, at (Ad.) Ahmedabad, Bombay P. 

Osborne, Henry D. (Medical ]\Iissionar7, and ordained Elder). 
Ed. at Queen's Col. Belfast, and Edinburgh (L. E. C. P. and S. E.). 
A. in 1881. S. Gogha. H. in 1885. Now in Ireland. 

Eea, George T. B. Antrim Co. Ireland, 1887. Ed. at Queen's 
Univ. Ireland (M. A.). Or 18G6. A. in 1866, S. Borsad, Gogha, and 
Surat, H, in ill-health in July, 1872, Et. 1876, H, in 1885, L. 
Several original stories in English, " Ramdas," " Kassibai," " Lee 
Fang," &c. Now in Ireland. 

Scott, Hugh E. Ed. at Queen's Univ. Ireland (M. A.). Ar. 
in Dec. 1883. S. Gogha and Rajkot. Ad. Bajlwt, Bombay P. 

Shillidy, John. Ed. at Queen's Univ. Ireland (M. A.). Ar. in 
Dec. 1874. S, Ahmedabad, Gogha, Anand, and Surat. Started 
the Anand station (1877), and founded Christian colony at Bhalaj, 
near xVnand. Built three cinirches in the district. Editor of Satyodaya 
(Gujarati). Supdt. Mission Press, Surat. Ad. Su?-at, Bombay P. 

\STKELii;, John F. E. at Queen's Univ, Ireland (M, A,), A. in 
Dec. 1883. S, Rajkot and Anand, Ad, Anand^ Kaira, Bombay P, 

Taylor, George P, (son of the Rev, J, V. S. Taj^lor, for many 
years at Borsad), B, Cambay, Bombay P„ Jan, 1854, Ed. at Queen's 
Univ, Ireland {ISL A.) and at Edinburgh (B, D,). Or, at Belfast, 
S-^pt, 1877, A, Nov, 1877, S. Surat, Gogha, Rajkot, and Ahmeda- 
jjad, Ad, Ahmedabad, Bombay Py 



iRT.sH Prksbytepjax MisslOX. 185 

DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES 

William Dixon. M. A. of the Queen's Univ., Belfast. A. in 1864. 
"Was Supt. of tlie Engl, school at Surat. D. in 1871. 

Adam Glasgow. Ed. at the Theol Inst., Belfast. A. in March, 1842, . 
Rajkot. After a few years of labor he resigned and Ret. home. He afterwards 
proceeded to New Zealand, where he D. 

James Glasgow, D. D. Ed. at the Theol. Inst., Belfast. A. in 1841, one 
of the first missionaries of the Society. S Rajkot, where he remained some 
time. For some years before he retired he labored at Surat. He engaged largely 
in the word of translating the Scriptures ; he wrote also some educational 
works, a short system of scripture theology, and a metrical version of the ■ 
Psalms. He retired in 1806^ and is residing in Portadown, near Belfast. 

John Hewitt. Ed. at the Queen"s Univ., Ireland. (M. A. an d L L. B.). Ar. 
in Nov. 1874. S. Borsad. D. in 1876. • 

Andrew Kerr. Ed. at the Theol Inst,,, Belfast. A. in company with Mr, 
Glasgow in 1841, and proceeded to Rajkot. D. the same vear. 

James McKee. Ed. at the Theol. Inst.. Belfast. A" in Dec. 1842. S. 
Gogha : afterwards Surat and Rajkot. The author of several tracts and of a 
compendium of the Bible, R. in 1865 with broken health. D. in 1878. 

William McMordie. Ed. at Queen" s Univ., Ireland. (M. A). Ar. in 1867. 
S. Ahmedabad. The author of " Studies in English." H. in 1874. H. in 
1877. Resigned in 1879. 

Robert Montgomery. Ed. at the Theol. Inst., Belfast. A. in March, 1842. 
S. Porbandar, 1842-45: in 1846, Surat which he long occupied. He assisted 
in revising and re-translating the Bible : translated two volumes of Bartli's 
*• Bible Stories ;" prepared a large English and Gujerati Dictionary. Pastor 
of the Native church at Surat and also Supt. of press. H. 1877. I). 1880. 

Dunlop Moore. A. in 1855. S. Rajkot and Ahmedabad: at the latter 
place he opened the Engl. School. Translated several tracts into Gujerati. 
He loft I. in 186<j, and after spending some time at home, joined the Jewish 
^fission, and was appointed to Vienna. Afterwards Rt. liome. Nov- in America. 

James Speers. Ed. at the Theol. Inst.. Belfast. A. in Dec. 1842. Labored 
for a «hoit time at Surat. liet. home, and R. from the Mission. 

Joseph Van-Someren Taylor. Son of Rev. Joseph Taylor of the L. M. 
S., Belgaum. Ed. at Glasgow I^'niv. (B. A). Or. in June, 1845, for the 
Tamil country, and was appointed to Madras, but was transferred to Gujerat 
to take the place of the Rev. ]Mr. Flower. Arrived at Baroda in November, 
1846. In 1850 removed to Borsad. Early in 1856 was obliged to take 
furlough for a few years. On the transfer of the stations to the Irish Mission, 
he requested to be allowed to resign his connection with the L. ]\I. S. and join 
the Irish Mission. This arrangement was made early in 1860. Author of a 
Larger and a Shorter Gujerati Grammar, of several tracts, original and trans- 
lated, and of ••^«r//<^<;7J(f/ia "(a collection of metrical compositions), and an 
enlarged version of Bartirs Church History. II. 1880. D. 1881. 

James Wallace. Ed. at the Tlieol. Inst., Belfast. He had .<^erved as a 
pastor for a short time at home. A. in 1845. S. Gogha: afterwards Surat. 
Ijesides engaging in re-translating the Scriptures, he was the author of an 
educational book and of several Gujerati tracts, II. 1870, but, shortly after his 
arrival at Belfast, D. from heart disease. 

T. L. Wells. Ed. at the gueen's Univ^, Ireland. (B. A). Ar. in 1864. 
^ Rajkot: in 1869 Alunedaliad : in 18r2, Surat. The author of several 
educational books. II. 1><74. R. 1876. D. at Surat, 1877. 



CHAPTER XVir. 

THE AMERICAN EVANaELICAL LUTHERAN MISSIONS. 

I. GENERAL SYNOD. 

The Foreign Missionary Society of the American Evangelical 
Lutheran Chnrch was organized May 30th, 1837. One of its first 
efforts was to support the Rev. Mr. Rheniiis in Tinnevelly : upon 
his death the Society resolved to establish a Mission of its own 
in India, and in May, 1840, appointed the Rev C. F. Heyer to 
carry out the object. Mr. Hever arrived at Guntur, July 31, 
1842. Subsequently a Board of Foreign IMissions of the General 
Synod of the American Evangelical Lutheran Church was form- 
ed to take the place of the Missionar}' Society. All the Foreign 
Mission business is now^ transacted by this Board. 

Mr. Heyer was joined in 1844 by the Rev. W. Gunn. In 
1849 a mission was commenced in the Palnad District. In 1851, 
on account of financial difficulties Rajahmundry (occupied by the 
North German Missionary Society in 1845), was transferred to 
the Lutheran Society, and until 1869 was under the control of 
the General Synod. 

In 1858 three additional missionaries arrived, and in 1859 
a new station was formed at Samulcotta. In 1874 the Rev. A. 
D. Rowe, the '* Children's Missionary to India," arrived, sup- 
ported by the Sunday-schools of the Lutheran Church : other 
missionaries have arrived from time to time. In 1877 two Native 
Pastors were ordained. 

A Zenana Mission was permanently established in 1881, and 
Miss K. Boggs was sent out by the woman's Home and Foreign 
Mission Society of the Lutheran Church as their first Zenana 
Missionary. 

The Mission now occupies 4 stations : villages in which 
Christians reside number 300 : there are 2,000 pupils in the day- 
schools and 1,000 in the Sunday-schools : the Mission High 
School, teaching up to F. A., is attended by 180 pupils. 
Other statistics (for 1885) are as follows : — 

Foreign Missionaries ... 5 

Native ordained Agents .-.. 2 

Native Christians ... ... 8,000 

. C^onnnunicants ... ... 3,000 

[E. U.l 



American Lutheeax Missions. 187 

SECEETARIES. 

Home SecpxEtary. — The Rev. Geo. Scholl, D. D., Hanover, 
Pa., U, S. A, 

Indian Secretary. — The Rev. L. B. AYolff, Guntur, Madras P. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

John, B. Or. Jan. 7, 1877. In charge of Palnad Taluk. Ad. 
Dachepalli, Madras P. 

Natlianiel, M. Or. Jan. T, 1877. In charge of IsTarasaravupat 
Taluk. Ad. Narasaravupat, Madras P, 

Nichols, J. Ed. at Gettysburg, Pa., U. S. A. Ar. Jan. 1886. Ad. 
Guntur, Madras P. 

SwARTz, W. P. B. at Circleville, 0., U. S. A., Dec. 24, 1858. 
Ed. at Gettysburg (M. A). Or. Sept. 7, 1884. A. Oct, 5, 1885. Ad! 
Guntur, Madras P. 

Uhl, L. L. Ed. at Wittenburg Col., Springfiekl, 0., U. S. A 
Ar. Mar. 26, 1873. H. in April, 1885. Now in U. S. A. 

Unangst, E. Ed. at Gettysburg,- Pa., U. S. A. Ar. Mar. 15, 1858. 
For several years in charge of the entire Mission. H. Aj)ril, 1871 
to April 1872, April, 1882 to Nov. 1883. D. 1). from Wittenburg Col., 
1878. Ad, Guntur, Madras P. 

Wolff, L. B. B. at Abbottstov^'ii, Pa., U. S. A., Nov 29, 1.^'57. E. 
at Gettysburg (M. A. in 1883), and at the Theol. Sem. Gettysburg, 
(graduated in June, 1883). Or. 1883, A. Nov. 20, 1883. Appointed 
Prin. Mission High School, Jan. 1, 1885. Ad. Guntur, Madras P. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONAPJES. 

C. E. Heycr, M. D. B. about 1791. A. 1812. 11. to America, 18IG-47. 
E. in 1856. lU. in 1869. li. in 1870. D. in America in 1873. 

Walter Gunn. A. June 18, 1844. D. at Guntur, July 5, 1851. 

G. Martz. A. in 1850. li. in 1851. 

C. W. Gronning, Joined the Mission from North German Missionary 
Society in 1851. H. to Europe in 1858. Ri. Feb. 25, 1861. B. to Euronc 
in 1865. ^ 

W. E. Snyder. A- in 1852. H. to America, 1856-57. Rt. March, 1858. 
D. of cholera, March 5, 1859. 

W. T. Cutter. A. in 1852. B. in 1855. 
^ A. Long. Ed atGettysburg, Pa., U. S. A. Ar. March 15, 1858. D. at 
Eajahmundry of small-pox, March 5, 1866. 

J. H. Harpster. Ed. at Selinsgrovo and Gettysburg, Pu., U. S. A. Ar. 
April, 1872. B. to America, March 22, 1876. 

A. D. Eowe. E. at Millersburg and Gettysburg, Pa., U. S, A. Ar. Dec. 
1874, H. 1880. Bt. 1881. D. of typhoid fever, Sept. 16, 1882, at Guntur. 

C. Sclmure. E. Sdinsgrove, Ba., and Wittenljurg College, Sprins-field, 
0., U. S. A. Ar. 1881. B. Nov. 1885. "^ o ; i b , 



188 Indian Missionaky Direct or. y. 

IL— GENERAL COUNCIL. 

The Mission at Rajahmnndry was established by tlie North 
German Missionaiy Society in 1845, and transferred in 1850 to the 
Foreign Missionary Society of the Lutheran Church in the United 
States, who had missionaries at Guntur. As this Society was 
unable to support all the stations in India, in 1869 the stations 
Rajahmundry and Samulcotta were transferred by the General 
Synod to the General ( 'Ouncil. 

Since 1801) there has been encouraging progress : over 2,000 
have been baptized : the present number of Native ( 'hristiaus is 
1,360, of whom 842 are communicants. Two native pastors have 
their own ])astoral work, though still su})ported from Mission 
funds : in addition there are live foreign missionaries. 



SECRETARIES. 

Hume Segretakv. — Key. B. M. Schmuckek, D. D., Folhtown, 
Pa., U, S. A, 

Indian Secketauy. — Key. F. S. Dietkich, Doivlmsliweram, 
Madras P. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Dietrich, Franklin S. B. Alban3^ Pa., U. S. A. Or. June, 
1882. A. Jan. 1, 1883. Ad. Dowlaishweram, Madras P. 

Groenning, Wilhelm. B. Guntur, India. Or. Aug. 25, lb85. 
A. Dec, 5, 1885, In charge of the Educational Department of the 
Mission, Ad. Bajalmiundry, Madras P. 

Joseph, Tota. B, at Guntur, 1831). Or. Dec. 25, 1878. Ad. 
Jagurupad, Godavery, Madras P. 

McCready, Frederick James. B. in Rangoon, Burma, Feb. 12, 
1862. Or, June, 1884. A. Oct. 28, 1884. Ad. Tallapudi, Godavery District. 

Paulus, Nalaprohi. B. iu the Palnad, 1842. Or. Dec. 25, 1878. 
Ad. Velpur, Godavery, 3Iadras P. 

Poulsen, Iyer Christian. B. in Denmark, 1847. A. Jan. 21, 
1871. Or. Jan. 25, 1871. IT. March, 1880, to Jan. 1882. Ad. 
Samalcotta, Madras P. 

Schmidt, Hans Christian. . B. in Fleusburg, Denmark, ]\[ay 2'"), 
1840. Or. 1869. A. 1870. Has labored .since at Rajahmun-liy. Ad. 
Uajahmundry, Madras P. 

DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Augustus B. CarliiOn. B. in Sweden, Aug. IG, 1840. Or. .JimolG, 1878, 
at Princeton, 111., U. S. A. A. Jan. 14, 1879. S. Rajahmundiy. D. 1882. 

Horace G. B. xirtman. B. in Zionsville, Pa., U. S. A., Sept. 23, 1857, Or. 
May 20, 1880. A. Oct. 18, 1880. S. Rajamundry. D. 1884. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 
THE WELSH CALVINISTIC METHODIST MISSION. 

The Missionary Society of the AVelsli Ualviiiistic Methodist 
Church was organized in January, 1810. In Noveniher, 1840, it 
sent the Rev. Thomas Jones as its first missionary to India, 
who l)eoan work at Cherrapoonjee, in Assam. Sylhet was 
occupied in 1850, and the missionary stationed here iahoured 
among the Bengalis until 1872, wdien the mission was discon- 
tinued, the Society resolving to confine its labours to the abori- 
gines among the Hills : at present its only fields of labour are the 
Khasi and Jaintia Hills, where it occupies seven stations. 

The Society carries on its work of civihzing and evangeliz- 
ing these tribes by means of education and preaching. The 
Mission now has upw^ards of 100 day and night schools, attended 
by 3,141 pupils, of whom 948 are girls. Government gives an 
annual grant of £500 for these schools, all of which are under the 
care of and controlled by the missionaries. Government appoints 
a Deputy Inspector to visit them, and one of the missionaries is 
appointed Secretary to the schools, who is the medium of com- 
nmnication between the Government and the Mission. There 
is also a Normal School for training teachers, of which one of the 
missionaries is appointed head-master l)y Government, which 
also pays his salary. 

Besides tracts and school books, several editions of the New 
Testament have been published in the Khasi language. The old 
Testament is now being translated. 

In 1879 a medical mission was established at Mawphlano. 
Between one and two thousand cases are treated every year. 

The converts are quite independent of the Mission, not 
one of them receiving any su))port in any shape : a good number 
of them fill Government offices in different parts of the Hills. 
They contributed in 1885 Rs. 1,515 for evangelistic purposes, 
besides contributing towards Imilding chapels, etc. 

There were (in December 1885) 94 churches, 8 foreign 
missionaries, 3,141 pupils in the day-schools, 3,8(58 scholars 
in Sunday-school, and 3,719 Native Christians, of whom 852 
were communicants. Steady progress is being made from year 
to year. 

[T. J. J.] 



190 Indian Missionaey Directory. 

SECRETARIES. 

General Secretary.— The Rev. Josiah Thomas, M. A., 28, 
Breckfield Road, Soutli, Liverpool. 

Indian Secretary. — The Rev. T. J. Jones, Shillomj, Assam, 



■ MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Evans, Robert. B. at xS^berffraw, Anglesey, Wales, July 20, 
18^9. Ed. at Bala Col. and Edinburgh Univ. Or. Aug. 1878. A. 
Deo. 1878. S. Shillong until Jan. 1880, since at (Ad.) Shangpoong, via 
Jawai, Assam. 

Griffiths, Griffith. (M. B. and C. M. Glasgow Univ.) B, 
Caernarvonshire, North Wales, Dec. 19, 1852. Or. Aug. 1878. A. 
Nov. 1878. W. Medical missionary and ver. preaching. Ad. Maw- 
2)Mang, Assam. 

Hughes, Griffith. B. Llanddeiniolen, North Wales, March 4, 
1840. Or. Liverpool, Oct. 4, 1865. A. Feb. 22, 186G. S. Cherra- 
poonjee, 1806-71 ; Shillong, 1871-75 ; Jawai, 1876 ; Nongrymai, 1880 ; 
since 1884, Cherrapoonjee. L. Revised *' The Christian Instructor," 
and translated the Bible in Khasi language (in connection with the 
other missionaries). H. one year, 1875-76. Ad. Cherrapoonjee, Assam. 

Jones, John. B. Holywell, North Wales, March 8, 1847. Or. 
Beaumaris, Nov. 3, 1875. A. Feb. 29, 1876. S. Sliellapoonjee, 1876-80, 
since, Jawaipoonjee. Ad. Jawai, Jaintia Hills, Assam, 

Jones, Thomas Jerman. B. Aug. 10, 1832, at Leangristidlus, 
An^^lesea, Eng. Called to the ministry in 1860. Or. in 1865. M. 
1868. Labored in the North of Eng. among colliers and iron-workers 
before comino* to I. Ar. in Feb. 1870. Has labored since at Jawai- 
pooniee in charge of the mission district of Jaintia Hills. W. chiefly 
ver. Ad. Shillong, Assam. 

Kocerts, John. Or. in 1870. A. the same year. S. Shella- 
pooniee until 1876, since, Cherrapoonjee. Ad. Cherrapoonjee, Assam. 

Stephens, Celeus Leon. B. Westminster, Lon., Jan. 11, 1847. 
Ed. Trevecca Col. Or. at Pembroke, Aug. 1870. Pastor at 
Teiily, Pembrokeshire, 1870-72, Lon. 1872-78. A. Nov. 1880. L. 
" The^ Inner Circle," a memoir : translated Hodge upon "The Person 
of Christ" into Khasia. x\d. Sheila, Khasia Hills, A^s"m. 

Thomas, John. Or. 1883. Ar. 1884. Owing to ill-health re- 
turned in 1885. Now in Europe. 



Welsh r\\LYiyisTic xMi^^stox. iyi -.191 

DECEASED AXD RETIRED MISSIOXAPJES. 

Tliomas Jones. A. in 1841 as the first missionary of the Society. He 
translated some portions of tlie N. T., and also some other books which were 
the first books printed in the Khasia language. His connection with the 
Mission ceased in 1849 and he D. soon after at Calcutta, 

William Lewis. A. in 1842. After twenty years of labor he proceeded 
on H., but on account of poor health was unable to return, and resigned. He 
has since continued his literary labors : revising the portions of the N. T. 
translated by Mr. Thomas Jones, and translating the others, besides some 
other books. 

Daniel Jones. A. in 1845, and entered upon his work, but was removed 
by death about nine months afterwards, in 1840. 

Thomas Jones. Ar. 1857. D.— 

James Roberts. Ar. 1858. D. — 

Daniel Sykes. Or. 1865. Ar. 1806. 

Hugh Roberts. Or. in 1805. A. 1860. S. Sylhet and Cherrapoonjee. L. 
Khasia Primer, parts I and II ; Anglo-Khasia Dictionary (Calcutta School 
Book Society). H. in 1870. Nov: in Europe. 



(CHAPTER XIX. 
THE ARGOT MISSION OF THE REFORMED CHURCH IN AMERICA. 

This Mission was formed in the year 1851, when the Rev. 
H. M. Scudder of the American Madras Mission was appointed 
to Aroot. He opened a dispensary, which he carried on for 
two years in connection with other mission labors and then 
closed. In 1853 he was joined by two of his brothers, the Rev. 
W. W., and Joseph Scndder, and the three occupied the stations 
Yellore, Chittoor, and Arni : having at that time about 170 
nominal Christians, of whom 2G were communicants. The field 
had previously been worked to some extent by Norris Groves, Esq., 
who labored in Chittoor, and by the Society for the Propagation 
of the Gospel, whose agents had occupied Vellore and Chittoor. 
As they desired to retire from this locality, the Presbyterian 
missionaries took possession, purchasing the mission property ; 
thus securing the nucleus embraced in the figures given above. 
The dispensary was re-opened in 1865 by Dr. S. D. Scudder. 

This Mission was formed under the auspices of the American 
Board, through which the Reformed Protestant Church then 
carried on its foreign work. An amicable separation, however, 
was effected in the year 1857, since which time the Mission has 
been directly responsible to the Home Church. Steady growth 
has followed the labors put forth, and 89 different points are now 
occupied, 8 of which are principal stations. In addition to the 
missionaries and zenana workers, the Mission has 18 catechists, 
33 Bible-readers, and 30 teachers. 

[W. W. S.] 

The following are the statistics of the Mission (December, 

1885) : ^ ^ 

Foreign Missionaries ... ... 8 

Native ordained Agents ... ... 4 

Native Christians ... ... ... 5,437 

Connnunicants ... ... ... 1,010 



SECRETARIES. 
Home Srcretarv, — Rev. II. X". Cobb, D. D , 34, Vesoy St., New 
York City, JL >S\ A. 

Indian Secretary. — Rev. J. W. Scudder, Vellore, Madras P. 

MEMBERS OP THE MISSION. 

Bailey, Paul Ed. at Arcot Sem. Or. 1883. Native pastor at 
(Ad.) Orattur, Madras P. 



The Arcot Mission. 193 

Chamberlain, Jacop. (m. d). B. 1835. Ed. at Western Eeserve 
Col. (M. A. I80G), andat New Brunswick Theol. Sem. (1859) 
Or. 1850. M. 1859. A. 1850. S. Pnlamanair, 1860-63, Madanapalle 
since 1863. Established hospital and dispensary at Madanapalle, 1868. 
L. Translated into Tehigu " Liturgy of Eefornied Church :" engaged in 
revision of Tehigu Bible since I860.' Published (1) "The Bible Tested ;" 
Bible Socy., New York : (2) ''Tract Work in India ;" Tract Socy., New 
York : (3) " Winding up a Horse" or Christian giving, Noav York : (4:) 
" Native Churches and F(n-eign Missionary Societies" (in Bangalore Con- 
ference Eeports) ; Addison and Co., Madras. H. 1874-78. W. Teluou 
and Tamil. H. 1884. Ad. 31, Vesey St., New York, U. S. A. 

CoNKLiN, John Woodruff. B. in 1851. Ed. at Eutger's Col., 
N. J. (1871) and New Brunswick Theol. Sem. (1876). Pastoral work 
1876-80. Sailed for I. Jan. 1, 1881. Ad. Chittoor, Madras P, 

Hekhuis, Lumdertus. B. Aug. 15, 1810, Holland, Mich., 
IT. S. A. Ed. at Hope Col. Midi. (M. A.) at New Brunswick Theol. 
Sem. and at Univ. of City of New York (M. D). Or. 1881. A. Jan. 

4, 1882. Ad. Arcot, Madras P. 

NatJianael, Moses. B. about 1830. (^r. Jan. 1880, as Native pas- 
tor. Ad. Aicot^ Madras P. 

Sawyer^ Andrew; B. of heathen parents al)out 1810. Baptized 
when a youth. Laboured in Palamcotta eight years and at Chittoor 21 
years. Or. in 1859. Native pastor at Arcot, 1859-65 : Gnaniodiam 
1865-75: since, at Cliittoor. Ad. Cliittoor, Madras P. ' 

ScuDDER, E. C, Jr. B, June 25, 1856, at Yellore, I. Ed. at 
Eutger's Col. (M. A.) and New Brunswick Theol. Sem. Or.' June 19 
1882. A.Dec. 30, 1882. Ad. Ami, Madras P. ^ 

ScuDDER, Jared Waterbury (m. d.). B. *in 1830 at Kotagiri, 
Nilgiri Hills. Ed. at Western Eeserve Col. (M. A. 1850) and at New 
Brunswick Theol. Sem. (1855), Or and M. the same year. A. 1856. 

5. Ami,. 1856-59 : to America in 1850. Et. in 1862. S. Chittoor, 1862-75 ; 
to America, in 1875. Et. Oct. 1878. S. Yellore. Laboured in Tamil 
and Telugu. Translated into Tamil " Heidelberg Catechism :'' " Histo- 
rical Sketch of the Arcot Mission:" New translation of the Gospel of 
Matthew (Tamil), with notes, Madras Bible Socy-, 1885. Ad. Vellore, 
Madras P. 

ScuDDER, John(m. d). B. Oct. 20, 1835, at Chavagacherry, Ceylon. 
Ed. at Eutger's College, New Brunswick (1857), and at New Brunswick 
Theol. Sem. (1860), Long Island College Hospital 1860. Or. in May 
1860. A. in 18G1. S. Chittoor, 1861-63 : Palamanair, 1863-65 : Arcot| 
1866-76. Was in charge of hospital and dispensary at Arcot, 1872-75 : 
Yellore, 1876-78. To America in 1878. Et. 1882. S. Arni, 1883-84, 
since, at Tindivanam. Ad. Tindiranam, Madras P. 

ScuDDER, William Waterrury. B. Sept. 17, 1823, at Panditeripo, 
Cey'on. Graduated at ilia Col. of N. J., in 1811, and at Princeton 
Theol. Sem. in 1845. M. in 1846. A. in 1847. Labored at Batticotta, 
Ceylon, until 1851, Avhen he went to America : Et. in 1852. Labored at 
Arcot and Chittoor, 1852-56. To America in 1856. Et. 1858. Chittoor, 



194 Indian Missionary Dieectoey, 

1859-GO : Vellore, 18G0-72. Ret. to America in 1872 : from 1873 to 1884 
had pastoral charge at Glastonbury, Conn., U. S. A. Rt. 1884. Ad. 
Madanapalle, Madras P. 

William, Ahraham. B. July 17, 1 Boo, of heathen parents. Ed. at 
Vellore Sem. Or, Jan. 29, 1880, as Native pastor at (Ad.) Kattupadi, 
Madras P. 

Wyckoff, John Hexry. B. in 1851, at Somerville, N. J., U. S. A. 
Ed. at Ruto'er's Col., New Brunswick (1871). and at New Brunswick 
Theol. Sem.\l87-4). Or. 1874. A. in 1874. S. 3 875, at Vellore : 'since, 
at Tindivanam. H- 1885. Ad. 34, Vescy St., New Yorl, U. S. A. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

Henry Martyn Scudder, i\f. d., d. d. B. Eel). 5, 1822, at Panditeripo, 
Ceylon. 'Graduated at New York Univ. in 1840, and Union Theol. Sem. in 
1843. Pastoral ^vork at New Rochelle, 1843. M. 1844. A. 1844. S. :Madura, 
1844.40 ; Madras, 1846-51 ; Arcot, 1851-53 ; Vellore, 18513-57. To America in 
1857. Rt. in 18G0 : Coonoor and Ootacamund, 1860-04. Ret. to America 
in 1864. Pastoral work at Jersey City, 1865 ; San Francisco, 1865-71 ; 
Brooklyn, 1871 to 1882 ; Chicag-o, 1882 to 'the present. L. (Tamil) : " Spiritnal 
Teaching:" ''Jewel ]Mine of Salvation:" "Sweet Savor of Divine Truth:" 
Bazar Book." (Tehigu) : " Spiritual Teaching- :" " Jewel Mine of Salva- 
vation." Translations : " Heidelberg Catechism" (in part) : " Liturgy of 
the Reformed Church." Ad. No. 206, 28tli St., Chica;/o. 

Joseph Scudder, D. D. B. Jan. 14, 1825, at Panditeripo, Ceylon. Gra- 
duated at Rutger's C<-)1., New Brunswick, N. J., in 1848, and at New Brunswick 
Theol. Sem. in 1851. A. in 1853. S. Arcot, 1853-56; Coonoor, 1856-59; to 
America, 1859-60 ; Chaplain in U. S. Army, 1861-63 ; Secretary, American 
and Foreign Christian Union, 1863-69 ; pastoral charge at Glenham, 1872-75 ; 
Upper Red Hook, 1875. D. 1876. 

Ezekiel Carman Scudder, m. d. B. in 1828 at Panditeripo, Ceylon. Gra- 
duated at ^Vestern Reserve Col. in 1850, and at New Brunswick Tlieol. Sem. 
in 1855. Or and M. the same j^ear. A. 1856. S. Chittoor, 1856-59 : Palamanair, 
1859-61 ; Chittoor, 1861-63 : Vellore, 1863-68 To America in 1868. Rt. in 
1870. Arni, 1871-73 : Vellore, 1873-76. To America in 1876 : 1877-85, 
Upper Red Hook, N. Y., since at (Ad.) San Antonio, Texan, U. S. A. 

Joseph Mayow. Graduated at Rutger's Col., New Brunswick, in 1855, 
and at New Bruns^vick Theol. Sem. in 1858. -Or. in 1858. A. in 1858. S. 
Arni, 1859-62; Ginjee, 1862-63: Arni, 1863-71. R. to America in 1871. 
Pastoral charge at So)n€r.'<ct,Kans((i^,l\ S. A. 

Silas Downer Scudder, m. d. B. November 1, 1833, at Panditeripo, Cey- 
lon. Graduated at Rutger's Col., New Brunswick, N. J., in 1856 : at 13t}i 
Street Medical College in 1858. Medical practice in New York, 1858-60. A. 
in 1860. Or. in 1862. In charge of dispensary and hospital at Arcot, 
1865-72. R. to America in 1872. D. 1877. 

Enne Jahnsen Heeren. B. 1842, in Eastfriesland, Hanover, Europe. 
Went to America in 1855. Graduated at Hope Col., Michigan, in 1867, and 
in the Theol. department of the same in 1870. Or. 1872. A. in 1872. S. 
Vellore, 1872-73: Palamanair, 1873-77. H. to America, 1877. D. in 1878. 

Henry Martyn Scudder, Esq., m. d. B. ]\Iarch 23, 1851, at Arcot. E. in 
America, receiving the degree of M. D. in July, 1874. M. 1873. A. Nov. 18, 
1874 S Ranipett, 1874-80, in charge of civil and mission dispensarv. Left 
the Mission Oct. 1,1880. R. 1883 to U. S. A. 



CHAPTER XX. 

THE MORAYIAN MISSIOIyURY SOCIETY. 

The Missionary Society of the Morayians, or United 
Brethren, began its operations in India in 1856 by establishing , 
a mission station at Kyelang in British LahonL The first 
missionaries Avere the lie v. Messrs. Heyde and Pagell, of Avhom 
the former is still in the field. Thus far not many converts havo 
been gained, but the missionaries have made long preaching tours, 
have established schools which are in a flourishing state, and have 
laid the foundations for a great work. A second station was 
formed in 18(]G at Poo in tipper Kunawur, near the Chinese- 
Tibetan frontiers. In 1885 a third station was founded at Ladak. 
A Litliographic printing-press has been established at Kyelang, 
and by its aid the missionaries have been enabled to send forth 
in Tibetan portions of the Holy Scriptures, religious works, like 
Barth's " Scripture Stories," " History of the Christian Church," 
several tracts, and school-books of various kinds. A Tibetan- 
German Dictionary and a Tibetan-English Dictionary have been 
completed. At the request of the Government a mission farm 
has been opened near Kyelang, which bids fair to be a success, by 
increasing the food-supply of the district, and by giving employ- 
ment to the native converts. In 1870 a new^ church w^as erected 
at Poo, and it is generally well filled at the time of service. Here, 
as at Kvelancr, the snow and intense cold of the w inter months 
interfere to a considerable extent with missionary operations. 

There are now three stations : in 1871 there Avere 17 Native 
Christians, of whom 8 were communicants. There are now 36 
Christians and 11 communicants. There are at present three 
missionaries in the field ; another is under appointment to take 
charge of the Dispensary at Leh. ' 



SECRETAKIES. 

Home Secy.— The Rev. B. LaTuobe, 20, Ely Place, Holbora, 
London, En<j. 

Indian Secy. — The Piev. A. W. Heyde, Kyelang, Panjab. 



196 InDIAIJ MiSSIONAEY DlRECtOHY. 

MISSIOKARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Heyde, Augustus William. B. Feb. IG, 1825, in Prussian Sile- 
sia. Called to be a missionary of tlie Moravian Cliurcli in 1852. Or. 
in 1853. A. Nov. 23, of tlie same year. Went to Kotgnrh in 1854, 
where lie spent one year. In 1855, in company with Mr. Pagell, esta- 
blished the Moravian mission station of Kyelang in British Lahoul, 
where he has since labored. Ad. Kijelang (Kangra District), via Kullu, 

J anjah. 

Redslob, Fritz AD0"t.PH. B. June 10, 1838, at Konigsfeld, 

Baden, Germany. Called to the ministry in 1860. Or. as a deacon 

of the United Brethren Church in 1867. M. in 1872. A. in 1872, and 

has since labored at Kyelang. Ad. Kyekmg (Kangra District), via Kullu, 

Panjab. 

Weber, Julius. Called to mission service and Or. a deacon of 

the Church of the United Brethren, 1883. A. Bombay, Oct. 13, 1883. 

Ad. Foo, Lahoul, Kangra District, Panjab. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

John Louis Edward Pagell. A. 1855. S. Kyelang and Poo. D, Jan. 3, 1883. 

Hemrich August Jaeschke. A. in 1866. S. Kyelang. W. chiefly translat- 
ing. Owing to failing health he was obliged to leave 1. in Sept. 1868. 
D. Sept. 24,1883. 

J. Theodore Rechler. A. in 1864. Labored at Kyelang, until faihng 
health caused him to return home in 1871. 



CHAPTER XXI. 
MISSION OF THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF 
NORTH AMERICA. * 

The Mission at present operates in the Districts of Sialkot, 
Gujranwala, Gurdaspur, Jheliim, Shahpur, and Jhang. 

Work was begun in this Mission by the Rev. Andrew 
Gordon, D. D., Avho, with his wife and sister, Miss E. G. Gordon, 
sailed from New York, September 28, 1854, arrived at Calcutta, 
February 13, 1855, and commenced operations at Sialkot, August 
8th, of the same year. 

The first missionary w^ork was amongst the inmates of the 
poor-house near the station, several of whom afterwards became 
Christians. 

Early in 1856 two other ordained ministers, with their families,, 
reinforced the Mission, soon after which educational work and an 
orphanage became recognized agencies in disseminating Bible truth. 

The work was interrupted by the Mutiny of 1857, when the 
missionaries were compelled to take refuge in the fort at Lahore. 
One of the mission houses was plundered and badly damaged ; 
the other two escaped. 

On the 25th October, 1857, the first converts, two men, were 
baptized. The first native ministers, the Revs. E. P. Swift and 
G. W. Scott, were ordained January 7, 1859. 

Other missionaries have arrived from time to time, making 
the whole number connected with the work from the beginning as 
follows : ordained labourers, 10 ; lay workers, male, one ; married 
ladies, 12 ; unmarried lady missionaries, 10 ; total 33. The 
largest number of ordained foreign agents in the field at any one 
time, however, has never been more than eight. 

Gujranwala Avas occupied in 1863 ; Gurdaspur, in 1872 ; 
Jhelum, in 1873 ; Jhang, in 1884 ; and Bhera in Shahpur, in 1884. 

A Prcsbvtery was organized Dec. 18, 1856, and the first 
church (Sialkot), Dec. 26, 1856. 

An Industrial School was opened early in the history of the 
Mission, but was closed in 1871. The Orphanage, which became 
two (one for boys at Gujranwala and the other for girls at Sial- 
kot), after a useful career, was closed for lack of material in 1872. 

* lu the former '• Directory " this Mission was called " The Sialkot Mission," 
which is itsorigiual, legal and official name. 



198 Indian Missionaey Dikectohy. 

A Theological Seminary was opened at Sialkot in April, 1877 ; 
a Christian Training Institute in 1881 ; and a Girls' Boarding 
School in 1878. Two Mission High Schools are also in success- 
ful operation — one at Sialkot and the other at Gnjranwala — and 
68 other schools of a primary character have heen established 
either in the cities or among our A*illage Christians. These 
educational institutions have already done good service, and most 
of them give promise of effective work hereafter in extending and 
establishing the church. 

Eleven dilierent vernacular publications have been issued by 
the Mission or its members — some in more than one edition — 
among which are an extensive compendium of Hodge's Theology, 
a metrical version of the Psalms, and a Panjabi translation of 
Matthew. Other books are in the course of preparation. 

The first adults baptized were, one a ('huhra, and the other, 
a Hindu, of high caste ; and ever since missionary efforts have 
been directed towards all classes within reach, whether high or 
low. The chief success of the Mission however, especially of late 
years, has been among the lowly and the despised. God has 
chosen the foolish things to confound the wise. 

The following comparative statistics may be given: — 

1860. 1870. 1880. 1885. 



Ordained missionaries, 


2 


2 


5 8 


Ordained native ministers,... 


2 


1 


2 3 


Organized churches, 


1 


2 


3 8 


Unorganized centres. 


... 


1 


22 56 


Communica nts , 


22 


65 


337 2,176 


Native Christians, 


... 


120 


531 3,215 


Scholars, 


... 


1,283 


1,903 3,260 

[R. S.] 



SECKETARIES. 

Home (Cor.,) Secretary.— The Rev. J. B. Dales, D. D., 136, N, 
St., Philadelphia, U. S. A. 

Ikdian Secretary. — The Rev. S. Martin, Zafarwal, Panjab, 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Barr, James Swift. B. Dec. 22, 1832, in Washington Co., N. Y., 
U. S. A. Or. June 25, 18G1. M. two days later. A. March 2U, 1862! 
S. Gnjranwala. W. Yer. and Engl. H. to America, March, 1873, to 
Dec. 1875, and in March, 1883. ishiviii America. 



The Sialkot Mission. * 199 

Caldwell, A. B. B. April 20, 1850, at Dehra Dun. E.l. at 
Monmouth. Col. and xVllcghany Theol. vSem. Or. April 19, 18^1. A. in 
Aug. 1881. Ad. Gurdaspur, Panjah. 

Das, Thdlmr, George Lawrence. B. at Lucknow. Or. Dec. 1877, 
L^ (1) Izluir-i-Isur ; (2) Sirat-ul-Masih-wal Muhamed ; (3) Adam-i- 
zarurait Quran ; (4) InfistU-i-wiladat-i-IMasili (all in Urdu), obtainable 
from the author and Mission Press, Lodiana. Ad. Jhang, Fanjab. 

Gordon, Axdrew. ]j. Sept. 17, 1828, in Washington Co.'N. Y., 
U.S.A. Or. in Ngm' York, Aug. 31,1854. A. at Calcutta, Feb. 13, 

1855. In the same year founded the mission at Sialkot. In 1864 
Ret. to America on account of sickness : was re-appointed and A. Dec, 
10, 1875. W. Yer. and Engl, teaching and preaching. H. March, 
1885. Ad. 13G, N. St., Philaddphm, U. S. A. 

Lytle, D. S. B. Jan. 3, 1847, in Indiana Co. Pa. U. S. A. Or. 
June 7, 1881. A. Oct. 29, 1881. Ad. Smlkot^ Panjah. 

Martin, Samuel. B. Dec. 9, 183G, in Jeiferson Co., 0., T^. S. A. 
Or. July 3, 186G. M. Sept. 27, 1866. A. in Mar. 1867. S. Sialkot. 
W. Engl, and ver. Ad. Jafarival, Pan jab. 

McKee, J. P. B. in Laughaghary, Ireland, in 1843. M. in 1869. 
Or. in 1870. A. Feb. 11, 1871. 'S. Gujranwala. W. Preaching and 
teaclung in Engl, and ver. Ad. Gi'jranwala, Panjah. 

Nasaraliy Paid. Or, Nov, 12, 1885. Ad. Jafarwal^ Panjab. 

Scott, Theodore L. B. Nov. 21, 1847, in Butler Co., Penn., U. 
S. A. Or. Aug. 26. M. Sept. 1, and A. Nov. 28, 1874. S. Gujranwala 
one year, teaching and preaching in Engl. In Jan. 1876 apjiointed to 
Jhelum. H. 1881-82. Ad. Jhelim, Panjah. 

Stewart, Robert. B. Jan. 31, 1839, at Sidney, Shelby Co., 0., U. 
S. A. Or. Nov. 9, 1866. Home missionary in Ohio and New York until 
Aug. 1869 : Davenport, N. Y., 1869-72 : Prof, of Exegefcics and Homile- 
tics in Newburgh Theol. Sem. from Oct. 1872 to Oct. 1878 ; Editor 
Evangelical Bepository, the Bible Teacher, and the Bible Teacher series of 
S. S. publications issued at Philalelphia from June, 1879, to Dec. 1880 ; 
in 1880-81 served as Commissioner from the U. P. Board of Foreign 
^Hss. to visit Missions in Egypt and I. : sent to I. in 1881. A. Jan. 1, 
1882 : since, has served as senior Prof, of Theology in tlie Theol. Sem. 
and Supt. of the Sialkot Christian Training Institute. L. Elitoria] work. 
Magazine articles, etc. Ad. Sialkot, Panjab. 

Swift, E. P. B. of heatlien parents near Gwalior, in 1829. La- 
bored as a catechist at Lahore for some time. Went to Sialkot in 

1856, where he was Or. in 1859. S. Sialkot, Gujranawala, and since 
1873,' Jhelum. M. in 1864. Ad. Jhelum^ Panjab. 



RETIRED AND DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Robert A. Hill. B. Feb. 20, 1820, in U. 8. A. Was engaged in 
pastoral work a number of years ))efore coming to L A. Jan. 22, 1856. 
S. Sialkot until 1863, whenMie Rt. to America. Was pastor in Jersey 



200 ' Indian Missionaby Dieectory. 

City ^or several years, and i;^ i^nw pastor at Princcion (Near ScJmiec- 

^"'^^Ephl^aim' H.' litevenson. B. Jan. 20, 1821, in Penn., U. S. A. Or. 
Nov 4 1852. Labored as a pastor m Ohio for some tune. A Jan. 22, 
1856 S. Sialkot until the close of l8r)4, wlien he K. to America on 
account of sickness. Was en^-ag-ed afterwards for some years in educational 
work Died at Andes, N. Y., U. S. A., Sept. 20, 1879, from lieart disease 
while" hearing a class in Latin in the Andes Collegiate Institute of which 
he was Principal. . • x-n 

George Washinqfon Scott B- of heathen parents in Nidhara, near 
Gwalior about 1830. Ed. in the orphanage of the Lodiana Mission, 
labored' as a catechist in the Sialkot Mission from 185G to Jan. 7,1859, 
when he was Or. by the Sialkot Presbytery. Labored faithfully until his 
death, in Dec. 30, 1868. 



CHAPTER XXII. 

MISSIOIfS OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

I.— NORTH INDIA MIRSIO^'.* 

The Methodist Episcopal Church (^vhose Missionary Society 
was organized in the year 1819) was late, comparatively, in 
entering the India mission field. It was not till the year 1854 
that, at the suggestion of the Rev. Dr. Duff, who was then 
visiting the United States, the project of establishing a Mission 
in India was seriously entertained, and two years more elapsed 
before the first missionary arrived in the country. The Rev. 
William Butler, D. D., who was sent out to locate and super- 
intend the new Mission, arrived in Calcutta on the 23rd of 
September, 1856, and, after consulting the leading missionaries 
of the city with regard to the best part of the country in which 
to plant the Mission, proceeded to Benares, where he attended 
the Missionary Conference then convened in that city, and after 
taking further counsel with the missionaries assembled there, 
finally selected Oudh and Rohilkimd as the best and most needy 
field for his w^ork. He proceeded at once to Bareilly and entered 
upon his work, but the Mutiny of 1857 soon swept over the 
country, and Dr. Butler with his family sought a refuge at Nynee 
Tal. ^lennwhile two other missionaries from America joined him, 
as did two Englishmen in India, so that the new Mission at the 
close of the Mutiny had five men in the field ready for active 
work. Thus reinforced, it was determined to establish a station 
at N3mee Tal, to occupy Moradabad and Lucknow, and to re- 
occupy Bareilly. This was accordingly done, and, about the close 
of 1858, the active work of the jMission was fairly commenced. 

Reinforcements from America were sent out somewhat rapid- 
ly, six men coming in 1859, four in 1861, three in 1862, and lour 
in 1863. Additional stations have been occupied in the following 
order : Bijnour, Shajehanpore, and Budaon in 1859 ; Sitapnr 
1861 ; Roy Bareilly; 1864 ; Gonda 1865, Paori, in Garhwal, 

* Eacli Mission of this Cliurch in India is organized into an Annual Confer- 
ence with annual sessions : both Conferences are represented in the " Central 
Conference," which meets biennially: the first session was held in January, 1885, 
at Bareilly. 



202 Indian Missionary Dibectoby, 

1866 ; Babraicli, 1867 ; Cawnpore, 1871 ; Pithoragarh, in Eastern 
Knmaon, 1873 ; Dwarahat, 1881 ; while various other stations have 
been occupied by Native missionaries : in all, 45 stations have 
been taken up. 

Orphanages were formed at Lucknow in 1858 : in 1859 
the boys were removed to Bareilly, and in 1862 the boys' orphan- 
ao-e was finally located at Shahjehanpore, at which time the girls' 
orphanage was transferred from Lucknow to Bareilly. Both have 
continue'd to flourish, and contained, in 1885, 447 orphans, of 
whom 160 were boys and 287 girls. In connection with the 
boys' orphanage is the Christian village of Panahpore near Shahje- 
hanpore. It embraces 900 acres of land, and contained in 1885 
a Christian community of 351. 

In 1882 a Native Christian Industrial School was opened by 
transferring 90 orphans from the boys' orphanage to Cawnpore. 
The boys have had ready employment in the Cotton Mills and 
Leather Factories, and are doing well in every way. 

A Mission press was established at Bareilly in 1860, which 
was removed to Lucknow in 1866, and has since continued its use- 
ful work. Special attention has been given to the importation 
and preparation of Sunday-school literature. Since 1873 the 
International Sunday-school Lessons have been published here in 
Enoiish and other languages. In addition to Sunday-school 
papers, a weekly newspaper, the Kmhab-i-Himl, is pubHshed, in- 
tended especially for the Native Church. The " Lnchioic Wit- 
less'', established in 1871, \ras published here until 1882, when it 
vvas transferred to Calcutta as the ''Indian Witness'". 

A Theological School was founded at Bareilly in 1872 by the 
Rev. D. W. Thomas, one of the missionaries : he gave the institu- 
tion about £4,030, and through his efforts tliis was subsequently 
increased as an endowment fund by donations made in America 
to £12,000. The first class graduated in 1874 : the class of 1885 
numbered 9 ; in all, 90 have graduated. 

There are several Boarding-schools in connection with the 
Mission. Two of these are at Lucknow, '' The Centennial High 
School" and " The Girls' High School :" it is expected that both 
these institutions will shortly be raised to collegiate grade. Mora- 
dabad has two flourishing Boarding-schools, one for girls, the 
other for boys, " the Goucher Central School." The ''Memorial 
School" at Cawnpore and " The Cawnpore Girls' School" were 
established in 1874. In 1880 a High School (for boys) was 
opened at Nynee Tal, and in 1881, one for girls. The number 
of day-schools is 420, with 674 teachers and 13,787 pupils : there 
are 5i9 Sunday-schools attended by 20,000 scholars. For many 



Methodist Episcopal Chukch Missions. 203 

years much attention has been given with most encouraging re- 
sults to Sunday-school work both among Christian and heathen- 
children : quite a number of conversions have occurred in these 
schools. 

Four of the Mission staff are medical missionaries ; and 
there are also two medical ladies, with a dispensary at Moradabad 
and a large hospital and dispensary at Bareilly. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, through its re- 
gular agents, including the wives of the missionaries, is carry-" 
ing on an extensive and most encouraging work among the 
women and girls. Since 1870 this Society has sent out 40 ladies, 
most of whom are still in India. In addition, to zenana medical 
and school work the Society has two Homes for homeless women ; 
one in Lucknow, the other at Pithoragarh in Eastern Kumaon. 

A moderate degree of success attended the labors of the mis- 
sionaries in some parts of the field, almost from the first, but 
the chief part of the fruit has been gathered among the lower castes 
of Rohilkund, and more recently among some of the villages of 
Kumaon and Garhwal. In Oudh the visible success has, thus tar, 
been more limited, but the laljorers have every reason to be 
encouraged : the Native Church in Lucknow has 200 members, 
and is self-supporting ; great progress has also been made in other 
important centres. A large number of Native preachers, of 
various grades, has been raised up, some of whom are men of 
personal worth and marked spiritual power. 

The following statistical table indicates something of the pro- 
gress made since 1861 : 

Foreign Missionaries ... 
Native ordained Agents 
Native Christians 
Communicants 
Scholars in day-schools 
Ditto Sundav-schools 



SECRETARIES. 

Home Secretaries. — The Rev, J. M.Reid, D.D.) ^*^^' Broadway^ 
The Rev. C. C.McCabe, B.D.J'^'^^^ ^f' ^'^^> 
North India Conference.— The Rev. B. H. Badley, Luchiow. 



1861. 


1871. 


1881, 


. 1885, 


17 


21 


28 


30 


. . . 


6 


17 


34 


305 


1,835 


5,975 


8,045 


92 


1,074 


2,887 


5,100 


992 


5,206 


8,338 


13,787 


107 


1,927 


8,952 


19,973 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 
Adams, Horace J. B. at Malangapore, 1847, Or. by Bishop 



204: Indian Missionary Direotohy. 

Harris in Lucknow, Jan. 11, 1874. Pastor of the Native Churcli at 
(Ad.) Panahpore, Oudli. 

Andrtas, Bahaji. A conyerted fakeer. Or. 1885. Ad. Moradahad, 
N. W. P. 

Badley, Bkenton Hamline. B. April 27, 1849, at Monmouth, 
Ind., U. S. A. Ed. at SimiDsou Col., Indianola, Iowa, (B. A. 1870 : 
M. A. 1873), and at Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. (B. D. 
1872). Began preaching in 1867. Or. at Aurora, 111. by Bishop Ames 
in Oct. 1871 ; at Chariton, Iowa, b}^ Bishop Andrews in Sejot. 1872. 
M. Aug. 8, 1872. A. Dec. 19, 1872. S. 1873, Lucknow, 1874-77, 
Gonda and Bahraich, since, Lucknow. H. 1883-84. L. " Indian Mis- 
sionary Directory" (187G, 1881, 1886) : " Sunday-school Manual :" Trans- 
lation of " Missionary among Cannibals ;" " Flavia ;" *' Glaucia ;" " Seed 
Thought ;" " Bible Question Book" (Urdu and Hindi), Hindustani trans- 
lation of Edith Thompson's " History of England" (in j^ress) : edited 
Koman-Hindi N. T. — M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. Editor Kaukdb-i 
Hind, 1885-86 : " The Mela at Tulsipur" (Rel. Tract Socy., London, 
1884). Ad. Lucknow. 

Bare, Charles Lysander. B. July 7, 1849, in Clark Co., Ind., 
U. S. A. Ed. at Simpson Col., Indianola, Iowa (B. A. 1877, M. A. 
1880), and at Drew Theol. Sem. Madison, N. J. (B. D. 1880). 
Or. New York, Nov. 9, 1879. A. Jan. 1, 1880. Has labored since at 
(Ad). SJiahjehanpore, N. W. P. 

Baume, James. B. in Eng. in 1824. Removed to U. S. A. in 
1846. Pastoral work for some years in and near Chicago, 111. A. in 
July, 1859. S. 1859, Lucknow, Engl, work ; 1860, Shahjehanpore ; 
1861-63, Lucknow ; 1864-66, NyneeTal; R. to America in 1866, and 
resumed pastoral work near Chicago. L. Edited " SamacJiar 
Hindustani :'' wrote several Urdu hymns and tracts : published a 
small Temperance hymn-book. Rt. 1883. Ad. Npiee Tal N. W. P. 

Bowen, William R. Ed. at Orphanage, Shahjehanpore. Or. 1883. 
Ad. Shahjehanjwre, N. W. P. 

Buck, Philo Melvin. B. May 15, 1846, at Corning, Steuben 
Co., N. Y., U. S. A. Entered the ministry in March, 1865. Or. 
March 17, 1867, March 28, 1869. Preached hve years in the Kansas 
Conference before coming to I. A. Nov. 11, 1870. S. Shahjehanpore ; 
in charge of the Boys' orphanage and the Christian village, Panahpore, 
1871-76. M. May 22, 1872. W. Chiefly ver. H. to America, April, 
1876 to Dec. 1878. Presiding Elder of Kumaon District, 1879-84 ; 
Cawnpore, 1885. H. Nov. 1885. Ad. Carlisle, Pa., U. S. A, 

Butcher, John C. (m. d.) B. in Tingewick, Buckinghamshire^ Eng. 
Apr. 5, 1857. Admitted to Rock River Conference in full connection 
in 1884, and transferred in 1885 to North I. Ar. Dec, 1885. Ad. 
Moradahad, N. W. P. 

Clancy, William Rockwell. B. Oct. 22, 1858, at Newburg, Ont. 
Canada. Or. by Bishop Harris at Albion, Mich., Sept, 9, 1883. Pastoral 
work several years in Canada and Mich. A. Dec. 28, 1883. S> Luck- 
now (Engl, work), x\d. Lucknuic, 



Methodist Episcopal Church Missions. 205 

Craven, Thomas. B. March 28, 18-iG, iu Buckley, County of 
Flint, Nortli Wales. Kemoved to America in June, 1864. E-l. at 
Evanston, 111., graduating at North-Western Univ. June "I'l, 1870 
(M. A. 1873), and at Garrett Biblical Institute (B. D, 1872). Or. by 
Bishop Janes in Ang. 1870. A. in Oct., appointed to Lucknow in Jan. 
1871, where he laboured as Supdt. of the Mission Press, 1873-82. H. 
1882-83 ; 1884-85, Supdt. Press, Lucknow, since Agent, Methodist 
Publishing House, Calcutta. L, Compiler of several dictionaries, 
Roman- Urdu and Engl, and Engl, and Roman-Urdu ; M. E. Church 
Press, Lucknow. Ad, Calcutta, 

Cutting, Hiram Adolphas. B. near Moradabad in 1849. Ed. at 
Moradabad, where he was converted in 1869. Began preaching in 1870. 
Or. at Lucknow by Bishop Harris, Jan. 11, 1874. S. Amroha, Bij- 
nour and, (Ad) Moradabad, N. W. P. 

Bas, Isa. A converted Brahman. Or. 1877. Ad. Boy Bareilly, Oudh. 

Dease, Stephen S. (m. d.). A. 1881. S. Bareilly and (Ad.) 
Pithoragarh, Kumaon, N. W. P. 

Dhar, Kallu. Or. 1883. Ad. Kant, Shahjehanpore, N, ]V. P. 

Dutt^ Antone. Or. 1881. Ad. Bisauli, Budaoii, N. W. P. 

Butt, Tori. Or. 1883. Ad, Budaon, N. W. P. 

Falls, Seneca. Or. 1883. Ad. Lahhimpur, Klieri, Oudh. 

Fieldhrave, Isaac. B. at Delhi in 1848 of Christian parents. Was 
converted in 1869, and commenced preaching soon after. Or. at Luck- 
now by Bishoj) Harris, Jan. 11, 1874. S. Khera Bajhera, 1874-76 ; 
Lucknow, 1877-81 ; Moradabad, 1882-83 ; Bareilly, 1884 ; Moradabad 
1885 ; since, Cawnpore. L. translated a Commentary on the Revelation : 
has written a prize Essay in Urdu against the use of Tobacco : M. E. 
Church Press, Lucknow. Has written and translated a number of 
hymns. Ad. Cawnpore. 

Fish, Wilbur. Or. 1883. Ad. Colonel Gunge, Gonda, Oudh. 

FooTE, Frank Whitney, Esq, B. Aug. 3, 1858, in Royalton, 
Niagara Co., N. Y., U. S. A. Ar. Feb. 12, 1884. Prm. Memorial school at 
(Ad.) Cawnpore. 

Gill, Joseph Hamilton. B. March 27, 1844, in Strabane, Co. 
Tyrone, Ireland. Converted in March, 1854. Removed to America 
in Sej)t. 1862. Ed. at Evanston, III, graduating (with B. A.) at the 
North- AVestern Univ., June 22, 1870, and (wtth B. D). at the Garrett 
Bibhcal Institute, June 29, 1871. M. Sept, 6, Or. in Brooklyn, by Bishop 
James, Sept. 24, sailed for I. Oct. 4, A. Dec. 14, 1871. S. from Jan. 
1872 to Aug. 1873, Moradabad : Aug. 1873 to Dec. 1880, Paori : 
H. to America, Mar. 1881 to Jan. 1883 : Moradabad, 1883-84 ; since, 
Bareilly. W. ver. L. Gospel of St. Matthew in Garhwali dialect (M. E, 
Church Press, Lucknow). Ad. Bareilly, N. W. P. 

Gowan, Thomas. Or. by Bishop Bowman, in Jan. 1879 ; by Bishop 
Merrill, Jan. 9, 1881. Ad. Nynee Tal, N. W. P. 

Gray, Peter. Or. 1883. Ad. Luchww. 

Greenwold, Frederic W. Or. by Bishop MerriF, Jan. 9, 188L Ad. 
Paori, Garhwal, N, W, P. 



206 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Haqq, Zakiir-Ul B. in 1833, near Shajelianpore. Called to the 
ministry in 1859. M. Aug. 10, 1862. Or. Jan. 23, 1870, by Bishop 
Kingsley. S. Bareilly, Nynee Tal, Moradabad, Bijnour. Since Jan. 
1882 Presiding Elder" of Amroha District. Ad. Samhhal, N. W. P. 

HosKixB, Egbert. B. May 7, 1813, in Bennington, Yt., U. S. 
A. Converted in 18o9 : called to the ministrj^ in 186U. Graduated 
at Williams Col. in 186G. Or, in 18G7. M. in 1867. A. Feb. 1, 1868. 
S. Bijnom-, 1868-09 : Budaon, since 1870. H. to America, 1876-77 ; 
Jan. 1885. ver. W. L. Urdu and Koman-Urdu Concordances of the 
Bible ; Allahabad and Lucknow : an Urdu Commentary on the Gospel 
of St, John. M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. Ad. 99, W. Spring- 
field St., Boston, 3Iass., U. S. A. 

Janvier, Joel Thomas. B. about 1834, at Banda, Bundelkhund, 
of Hindu parents. Ed. in the Presbyterian mission at Allahabad. 
Assisted Dr. Butler in founding the Mission in 1857. Or. Dec. 11, 
1864, by Bishop Thomson ; Jan. 23, 1870, by Bishop Kingsley. S. 
Bareilly, Nynee Tal, Lucknow, Barabanki, Cawnpore. Is now 
superannuated. Ad. Bareilly, N. W. P. 

Joel, Enoch. B. Rampore, Moradabad, Dec. 23, 1853. Ed. 
Bareilly Theol. Sem. Or. by Bishop Merrill, Jan. 9, 1881 ; by Bishop 
Foster, Jan. 14, 1883. L. '' Autar Pariksha," M. E. Church Press, 
Lucknow. Ad. Hurclui, Oudh. 

Johnson, Thomas Stewart (m. d.). B. Monmouth Co., N. J., 
U. S. A., Sept. 28, 1833. M, 1855. Or. 1861, 1862. Ar. 1863. S. Shah- 
jehanpore, 1863-73 ; Kumaon, 1873-75. H. 1876. Budaon, 1877, Shah- 
jehanpore, 1878-80. Presiding Elder, Oudh District, since 1881. H. 
1884. L. Translated in Urdu and Hindi (1) '' True Repentance," (2) 
"Gospel Servers," (3) ^' Bible not of Man :" M. E. Church Press, 
Lucknow. Ad. Luclnoiv. 

Jordan, James. Or. 1883. Ad. Kakrala, Budaon, N. W. P. 

Kastendieck, Henry Francis. B. Brooklyn, N. Y., U. S. A., 
Oct. 13, 1857. Or. Akron, Ohio, Sept, 1879, by Bishop Foster. 
A. Nov. 1879. S. Calcutta, 1880; Nynee Tal, 1881-82 ; Cawnpore, 
1883 ; since, Roy Bareilly. M. Dec. 2, 1884. Ad. Pioy Bareilly, Oudh. 

Khan, Mahhuh. Or. Jan. 9, 1881, by Bishop Merrill. Ad. Bilstf 
N. W. P. 

Knowles, Samuel. B. at Clifton, Bristol, Eng., Jan. 26, 1832. Came 
to I. in 1852 in the army. Left the army in 1854 to join the Edcl. Dept. 
Was in Meerut during the Mutiny, in the '* Khaki Risala," and 
" Meerut Light Horse." Joined the Mission in 1858 then in its com- 
mencement. S. 1858-64, Nynee Tal, Budaon, Lucknow, 1864-69 : 
Gonda, 1870-71 : Seetaporc, 1872-73 H. to England : 1874-76, Shah- 
jehanj)ore, 1877-79 ; Cawnpore, 1880 ; since, Gonda. L. in Urdu. " Mis- 
bah-ul-Iman," (Lamp of Faith) ; " Tawallud-i-Jadid" (the Kew Birth) ; 
" Ilm-i-Mantiq" (Elements of Logic) ; ^'Tahzib-i-Atfal" ; "Aina-i-Islam"; 
"Miraj-i-Mohamed" ; "Kafara-e-Zanub" : In Hindi — ''Biswas Dipak": 
several Engl, pamphlets: M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. Received 
M. A, degree from Alleghany Col., U. S. A. Ad. Gonda, Oudh, 



Methoptst Episcopal Chfbch Missions, 207 

Ltd, Chlmman. B. 1852. Ed, at Theological Seminary, Baroillv. 
Or. 1885. L. A number of oidginal hymns. Ad. Luchiow. 

Lawsox, James Chapel. B. Platteville, Grant Co., Wis., U. 
S. A, Oct. 15, 1856. Ed. at Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston/lll., 
graduating in 1880. Or. Platteville, Sept. 12, 1880, by Bishop Harris, 
at Brooklyn, by the same Dec. 1, 1880. A Jan. 24, 1881. S. 
Cawnpore, 1881, Lucknow, 1882 ; since, Sitapur. W. Engl, and ver. 
M. Dec. 1883. Ad. Sitapur, Oudh. 

Luke, Charles, B. 1851, Or. 1885. Ad. IJassanpur, Morada- 
had, N. W. P, 

Maxsell, Hexry. B. Kov. 11, 1834, in Trumbull Co , Ohio, 
U. S. A. Converted Nov. 7, 1851. Called to be a missionary at seven 
years of age by reading " Little Henry and his Bearer." Ed. at Alle- 
ghany Col. Meadville, Pa., (B. A. 1851), M. A. in 1862). Joined the 
Pittsburgh Conference in March, 1859. Or. by Bishop Janes in July, 
1860. A. Jan. 21, 1863. S. j\roradabad, Aj^ril, 1863, to December,' 
1866 ; Bijnour, 1867 ; Paori, Garhwal, 1868-71 (serving during 1870-71 
as presiding Elder of Moradabad District). H. to America from Feb. 
1872 to Oct. 1873; Presiding Elder of Oudh District, 1874-75 j 
Cawnpore, 1875-76 : Lucknow, 1877 ; Gonda, 1878-79 ; Moradabad, 
1880-81. H. 1882-83 : Prin. Theol. Sem., Bareilly, 1884-85 ; W. Engl, 
and ver : L. (1) Miftah-ul-^Majlis (Rules for Deliberate Bodies) ; (2) 
Masihi Kamiliyat (Wesley on Christian Perfection) : (3) Ahwal-i Padri 
Wasli Sahib (Abridgement of Watson's Life of Wesley) : (4) Kitab 
Muqaddas ke Qa^anin-i-Tafsir (Rules of Biblical Exegesis): (5) 
Bhugol Bidya ka Parshan Uttar (Hindi Catechism of Geography) : 
(6) Millat-i-Tashbihi (Butler's Analogy, al'ridged) : (7) Kutub- 
farosh ki Sarguzasht ("Five Years in the'Alleghanies") : (8) Tazkira-e- 
Lizzie (Mrs. Mansell's Biography) : (9) Several small illustrated books : 
(10) J osephus' Histories : (11) Commentary on Daniel (Rom-Urdu): 
M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. Ad. Cawnpore, N. W, P. 

Maxwell, Allan James. B. May 13, 1851, in Crawford Co., 
Pa., U. S. A. Ed. Pierpont Acad., Ohio. Graduated at Penn. State 
Normal School, 1873: taught two years : Western Reserve CoL one 
year : Alleghany Col. 3 years (A. B. 1879 : M. A. 1882). M. 1879. 
Three years at Boston Univ. School of Theology (S. T. B. 1882). S. 
one year Jackson, Mich. A. Dec. 1883. S. Cawnpore. L. " Doc- 
trines, Rules, and Covenants of M. E.. Church:" Editor ''India's Young 
Folks.'' Ad. Cawnpore. 

McGregor, Benjamin. Or. 1883. .Ad, Najihabad, N. W. P. 

McGkew, George Hap.rison. B, Kingwood, Ya., U. -S. A., May 
19, 1846. Served as a scout in the. Union army, 1863-64. Ed. Wesleyan 
Univ., Middletown (B, A. 1870 : M. A, 1873), at Harvard CoL 
(LL. B. 1873), and at Ih-ew Theol. Sem. (B. D. 1876). Or. Nov. 
1875. A. Jan. 5, 1876. M. Sept. 11, 1876. -S. Moradabad, 1876-77, 
Bareilly, 1878-79 ; 1880-85, Cawnpore. L. " Makhzan Ilm-i-Ilahi." 
H. 1885. Ad. 3Ieriden, Ct. U. S. A. 

McMahon, John T. Or. in 1870. A. in Nov. 1870. S. Roy Ba- 



208 Indian Mission aey DrRECTOBY. 

reilly, 1871-80 ; Paori, 1881-83. H. 1884-85. Eh 1885. M. W. ver. 
and Engl. Ad. Paori, GarJncal N. TF. P. 

Merrill^ Peter. Or. 1883. Ad. Amroha, Moradabad, N. W. P. 

Messmore, James Hagar. B. Jan. 15, 1836, in Brant Co., Ontario, 
Canada. Or. and appointed to I. I860. M. in 1861. S. Lucknow, 
Shahjehanpore, Lucknow. H. one and a half years, 1873-71: ; 1880-81 : 
Liicknow, 1882-83 ; Paori, 1884-85: since (Ad). Lucknow. 

Mitchell, Henry B. Or. 1883. Ad. BabuUera, Moradabad, X. W. P. 

Monroe, David Casler, Esq. B. 'Nor. 17, 1864, Cazenoria, N. Y,, 
U. S. A. Ar. Feb. 21, 1885. Ad. Cawnpore. 

Neeld, Frank Lawrence. B. in Pittsburg, U. S. A., in 1852. 
Or. by Bishop Harris in Dec. 1880. A. Jan. 24. 1881. S. Memorial 
School, Cawnpore, 1881-83 : Xative Chiistian Industrial School, Cawn- 
pore, 18S4 : since, Budaon. Ad. Biidaon, N. W. P. 

Niclcerson, Pliny. Ed. in Boys' Orphanage, Or. 1885. Ad. 
Ellen pur, Gonda, Oudh. 

Parker, Edwin Wallace. B. Jan. 21, 1833, at St. Johns- 
burg, Yt., U, S. A. Converted in 1853, and commenced preaching in 
1856. M. in 1856. A. Aug. 21, 1859. S. Bijnonr, in Oct. 1850 ; 
Lnckimpore, Oct. 1861 ; Moradabad, Jan. 1863 ; Nynee Tal, Oct. 1863 ; 
Moradabad, Jan. 1864. H. from 'April, 1868, 'to JSTov. 1870 : since, 
Moradabad, most of the time Presiding Elder of Rohilkund District. 
H. 1883-84. Ad. Moradabad, N. W. P. 

Paul^ Arnbica Cham. B. in 1841. in Bengal. Converted Oct. 8, 
1861. Or. 1870, by Bishop Kingsley. S. Lnckimpore, Sitapur, Sambhal, 
Chandausi, Bijnour, Hurdui, Roy Bareilly, and (Ad.) Barahauli, Oudh. 

Paid, Stephen. Or. 1883. Ad. Gonda, Oudh. 

Peters, William. Or. 1881. S. Gonda and (Ad.) Bahraich, Oudh. 

Plurner^ William. S. Or. 187(I and 1883. Ad. Moradabad, N. W. P. 

PiocKEY, Noble Lee. B. in Columbns, 0., U. S. A., June 9, 1857. 
Ed. Colnmbns High School and Ohio AYes. I^niv. First pastor of Mt. Ave. 
M. E. Church, Cohimbus. A. 1884. Ad. Bijnour, N. W. P. 

Scott, Jefferson Ellsworth. B. May 21, 1851, near Steuben- 
ville, Ohio, U. S. A. Studied at Newmarket and Mount Union Col. 
Tanght one year. Entered ministry in July, 1871, and preached two years. 
Appointed to I. Ang. 12, 1873, sailed Aiig. 20, and A. at Bombav^ Oct. 
20, 1873. Or. by Bishop Harris at Lncknow, Jan. 11,1874. S. ]\ioiada- 
bad, 1874-75; Sitapur, 1876-83. H. 1884. M. at Bombav, Dec. 14, 
1877. Y\ Chiefly ver. Ad. 36, Bromfield St., Boston. Mass.,' U. S. A. 

Scott, Thomas Jefferson. B. Oct. 4, 1835, at New Alexandria, 
Ohio, U. S. A, Licensed to preach in 1855. Or. by Bishop Ames 
in :March, 1861, and in July, 1862. M. June 2Q, 1862.' Preached five 
years while attending the Ohio Wesleyan I^niy., and two years in the 
Pittsburgh Conference. A. Jan. 20, *1863. S. six years at Budaon, 
and ten years at Bareilly. W. Chiefly ver. Presiding Elder of the 
Bareilly District four years. Taught ten years in the Bareilly Theol. 
Sem., eight of them as Principal. L. (1) WazBanane li Tariqa (On the 
'< Preparation of Sermons") : (2) A work on Logic ; diglott, Urdu and 



Methodist EnscoPAL Church Mif^siONS. 209 

English (Kuwai/ul mantiq) : (o) Bible JJictionary {Taqdis-ul-Lugat), 
Urdu translation and com23iIation from Barr's " Index :" (4) Urdu 
Commentary on the four Gos^Dels in 2 vols : (5) Kevision and rc-transla- 
tion in Hindi on Committee, of the Catholic Epistles and the lievelation : 
(6) A small Urdu work on Natural Theology : (7) A work in Urdu 
on Homiletics : (8) ^'Missionary Life among the A'^illages of India:" 
(9) A Sanitary Primer, Engl, Urdu, and Hindi : M. E, Church Press, 
Lucknow. H/to America, i875-76: 1884-85. Ad. Bareilly, N, W. P. 

Shah, Vaquh. Or. 188o, Ad. Mandawar, Moradabad, N. lU, P. 

Singh, Kail u. Or. 188;-^, Ad. Naimhgimge, Bareilly, N. \K T. 

Singh, Kanhai. Or. 1885. Ad. Cawnpore. 

Solomon, Abraham. B. in Palestine. Or. 1881, 188:3. Ad. Faleh- 
gunge West, Bareilly, A^. W. P. 

Stephens, Matthew. Or. 1888, Ad. Lucknoti:. 

Thomas, David Wesley. B. Jan. 1, 1833, in 8herbrooke, Lower 
Canada, where his parents were temporarily residing: native town, jVJa- 
lone, Franklin Co., N. Y. Ed. at the Franklin and Ogdensburgh Academies 
and in the ]!*^ew York State Normal School, graduating in 1855. Taught 
several years. Or. June 6, 1858, and two days later joined the Black 
River (now Northern New York) Conference. S. Nicholville, N. Y, 
Or. by Bishop Baker in Boston, Aug. 14, and sailed Aug. 17, 1861. 
A. Jan. 17, 1802. Has labored since at Bareilly, in charge of the 
Girls' or2:)hanage from 1862 to 1871 ; since, several years as Agent and 
Principal of the Theol. Sem. Presiding Elder Rohilkund District, 1883-84. 
Received the honorary degree M A. in 1868, from Genesee Col, L. A 
Commentary on Genesis : A work on the Trinity and a pamphlet on 
Miracles (Roman-L^rdu), M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. H. to 
America, 1873-74. Is Treasurer of the Mission. Ad. Bareilly, N. W. P. 

Tompkins, De Loss M. B. Jan. 7, 1840, in Ashland, Green Co.,. 
N. Y., U. S. A.Ed. Northwestern Univ. Evanston, 111., (B. A,andM. 
A.) Or. 1877. X. Dec. 22, 1884. S. Prin. Philander Smith Institute Mus- 
soorie, 1885 ; Prin. Nynee Tal Boys' High School, 1886. Ad. Nijnee Tal. 

Ullah, Fazl. Or. 1881. Ad. Khera Bajhera, Bareilly, N. W. P. 

Waugii, James Walter. B Feb. 27, 1832, at Mercer, Penn., 
U. S. A. Began to preach in 1857. Ed. at Alleghany Col. and at Gar- 
rett Bibhcal Institute, Evanston, 111. Or. in April, 1859. After one 
year of pastoral work was appointed to I. A. at Calcutta in Aug. 1859. 
S. Shahjehanpore, 1859 ; Bareilly, 1860-65 ; Lucknow, 1866-71 ; Luck- 
now, 1874 ; Bareilly, Theol. Sem., 1875-76. W. almost exclusively ver. 
In charge of the Mission press for ten years from its founding : Supdt. 
for a time of Boys' orphanage : Presiding Elder of Oudh District for 
live years ; Principal Memorial School, Cawnpore, 1877-79. Principal 
Boys' High-School, Nynee Tal, 1880. L. edited Kaidaib i Iswi {'' The 
Christian Star"), four years. Translated the three Catechisms of the 
^L E. Church, and some small books: Tntilchab i Sabaq (Scripture 
Lessons), in Roman and Lithograph Vvdw : Hymns in Urdu : " Indian 
Temperance Singer," etc. M. E. Church Press, Lucknow. H. 1871-73 : 
1881-82. M. Ad. Dwarahat, via Ranikhet, N. W. P. 



110 Indian Missionauy Directory. 

Wilson, Peachy Taliafnkko (m. d.), B. Christian Co., Ky., U. 
S. A., Oct. 26, 1832. Ed. at Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. 
(M. A., andB. D.). Or. Yoimgstown, Ohio, 1862. A. Jan 20, 1863. 
S. Luckimpore, 1863 ; Roy Bareilly, 1864-70 ; Paori, 1870-73 ; H. 
to America, 1873-78: Koorkee, 1878: Garhwal, 1879-88; since, Supt. 
Agra Medical Training Instn. L. Translated into Hindustani (1) 
Binney's Tlieol. Compend, (iirst Edn) : (2) "Micliael the Miner :" (o) 
"Mary Lathrop :" (4:) "Grandfather Ormand's Stories to his graud- 
chiidrcn." Ad. Agra. 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES, 

William Butler, d. d. B. in Ireland in 1820. Attended the Wesleyan 
Theol. School, Didsbury, Eng. Removed to America in 1853. Engaged in 
pastoral work several years, contributing largely to Newcomb's ''Cyclopedia 
of Missions." In May, 1856, was appointed by the Methodist Episcopal 
Church as its first missionary to I. A. at Calcutta in Sept. 1856, and proceeded 
to Oudh and Rohilkund, where he founded the Mission. In May, 1857, he was 
obliged to flee with his family to Nynee Tal, where he remained until 1858. 
His house and library at Bareilly were burned by the mutineers. From 
1858-64 he labored as Supdt. of the Mission, having his residence at Bareilly. 
In Jan. 1865, R. to America. In 1869 he was appointed Secretary of the 
American and Foreign Christian Union. In 1872 he published " The Land 
of the Veda :"' including Personal Reminiscences in India. In 1873 ap- 
pointed to open and superintend the Mission of the ^Methodist Episcopal 
Church in Mexico. R. to America in 1879. Revisited I. in 1883-84 : " Boston 
to Bareilly and back," 1885. Ad. 38, Bromfield St., Boston, Mast., U. S. A. 

James Lorenzo Humphrey, (m. u.). B. in 1828, in the State of N. Y., 
L'. S. A. Was engaged as pastor for a time before coming to I. A. during 
the Mutinv in 1857. S. Moradabad, Bareilly, Budaon, and Shahjehanpore. 
In 1864, R. to America, and during his stay there studied medicine and re- 
ceived the degree of M. D. at the Albany Medical Col. Rt. in 1868. S. 
Nynee Tal until 1874, when he R. on account of ill-health. Established 
a dispensary and taught native students (male and female) in medicine ; 
also published a small work in Hindi, on Practice and Materia Medica. Rt. 
in 1881. S. Nynee Tal and Pithoragarh. 1882-84. R. 1885. Ad. Richfidd 
Springs N. y., U. S. A. 

Ralph Pierce. B. in 1827, in U. S. A. Ed. at Dickinson Col., Pa. A. 
in 1857. S. Lucknow till 1863 : then at Bareilly. R.to America in 1864. Ad. 
Knoxville, Tenn.. U. S. A. 

James A. Cawdcll. B. in Eng. Joined the Mission in 1858. S. Lucknow, 
1858-62 . Bareilly, 1863-64 : Sambhal, 1865-68. In 1868 left I. for Australia. 

John Talbot Gracey. B. in 1830, in Philadelphia, U. S. A. Ed. in thai 
city ; was there Or. and engaged for some time in pastoral work. A. in 1861 
S. 'Sitapur until 1865 : then at Bareilly : at Nynee Tal, 1866-67. Engaged 
in both Engl, and ver. \V. Prepared one or two tracts on the Mohamedan 
controversy. R. to America in 1868. At present engaged as pastor and 
»H missionary editor of the Northern Christian Advocate. L. " India ;" 
'•China:" " Open Doors,'" etc. Ad. Rochester, N. Y., U.S.A. 

Hc.ny Jackson. Ed. in Canada. A. in April, 1861, S. 1861-63, Luckim- 
pore, B-.ioilly, Budaon; 1864-67, Lucknow; 1866, H, to America ; 1869, 
Budaon ; 1870-73, Bijnour : in Jan. 1874 was appointed to open the Memorial 



Methodist Episcopal Church Missions. 211 

School at Cawnpore, where he labored, as Principal, 1874-70 : 1877, Shahje- 
hanpore ; 1878, Haneo'Khet. In 1879, R. to America, and engaged in pastoral 
W. Ad. Fort Etoen, N.'Y., U. S. A. 

Isaiah L. Hanser, B. in 1836, in U. S. A. Ed. at Appleton, Wis. A. in 

1861. S. Bijnour, 1861-66 ; Shajehanpore, 1867. Translated the Methodist Dis- 
cipline into Urdu. R. to America in 1867. Rt. 1886, not in connection with 
Ihe Mission. Ad. Bareilbj, N. W. P. 

William W. Hicks. B. in Eng. Removed in boyhood to America. A. in 

1862. S. Luckimpore and Bndaon. R. to America in 1863. Ad. Wcshhigton, 
D.a, U.S. A, 

Frank A. Spencer. B. in 1842, in Ohio, U- S. A. Ed. at Ohio 
Wesleyan Univ. Ar. in Dec. 1865. S. Shahjehanporc, 1865 ; Bareilly, 1867. 
Translated a small volume into Urdu. R. to America in 1867. On tho 
way spent two years in mission work in Genoa and one year at Bologna, 
in Italy. Ad. Columbus, Ohio, U. S. A. 

Samuel Sexton Weatherby. B. in 1840, in Baltimore, U. S. A. Ed. 
at Pennington Sem., N. J. Ar. in Dec. 1865. S. 1866, Moradabad ; 
1867-68, Bahraich ; 1860-72, Gonda ; 1873, Paori. In 1873, R. to America. 
Has labored since in pastoral work. Ad. Vineland, N. J., U. S. A. 

Francis Marion Wheeler. B. Oct. 14, 1842, at Dix, Schuyler Co. 
N. Y., U. S. A. Entered the ministry in 1866. Or. April 11, 1867. M. July 22, 
1867. A. Jan. 31, 1868. S. Lucknow, Moradabad, Budaon, Calcutta 
(temporarily). H. from March, 1872, to Dec. 1875. R. to America in 1878. 
Ad.Jordon,N. F., U.S.A. 

Edward Cunningham. B. Aug. 13, 1840, at Searsmount, Me., U. S. A. 
Converted in 1849 : licensed as an exhorter in 1863, as a local preacher in 
1864. Joined the New York East Conference in April, 1867. Graduated 
at Wesleyan Univ., Middletown, Ct., in July 1867. Or. by Bishop Thomson 
in 1869: Or. by Bishop Scott, in 1871. S. Cheshire, Ct., 1867-69, and at 
Durham, Ct., 1869-71. M. in 1871. A. Dec. 1871. S. 1872, Sitapur ; 
1873-77, Lucknow ; 1878-79, Presiding Elder, Rohilkund District. H. to 
America, in Jan. 1880. R. 1881. Ad. New Haven, Ct., U. S. A. 

Fletcher Bailey Cherington. B. April 14, 1850, at Patriot, Gallio Co., 
Ohio, U. S. A. Or. in 1871. Preached in the Iowa Conference one year. 
M. Oct. 2, 1872. A. Dec. 19, 1872. S. Sitapur, 1873-75. R. to America, 
on account of wife's illness, in Jan. 1876. Ad. Mt. Vernon, Iov:a, U. S. A. 

James Mudge, B.April 5,1844, in West Springfield, Mass., U. S. A. 
Graduated from the Wesleyan Univ., Middletown, Ct., in July, 1865 (with 
B. A.) : and from the School of Theology of Boston Univ. in May, 1870 
(with B. D). Or. 1868. Preached two years in Cambridge, Mass., and 
three years in Wilbraham, Mass. ^1. April 29, 1873. A. in Oct. 1873. S. 
Lucknow, where he remained eight years as editor of the Lucknow Witness, 
an Engl, religious weekly. Pastor of M. E. Church (Engl.), Lucknow, 
1880-81 ; Shajehanpore ver. work, 1882. R. 1883. L. ''Handbook of 
Methodism ; " '' History of Methodism ;" '' Good Stories for the Leisure 
Hour" (selected and edited) : " Good Stories and Best Poems" (selected 
and edited) : '' Spiritual Songs" (revised edition edited) ; '' Suwalat-i-Ilm-i- 
Ilahi" (a simple catechism translated into Urdu) ; " Life of Faber." Ad. 
WhititmiUe, iMass., U. S. A. 

Albert Deavea McHenry. B. Feb. 21, 1846, in Tuscarawas Co , Ohio, 
U. S. A. Licensed to preach in 1871 while attending Mount Union Col. M. 
July 27,187.3. A. Oct. 20, 1873. Or. at Lucknow, Jan. 11,1874, by Bishop 
Harris. S. Moradabad, 1874 ; Bijnour, 1875 ; Shahjehanporc, 1876 ; Bijnour, 
1877-80. H.to America in 1881 R. 1882, Ad. 805 Broadway New York, U. S. A. 



212 Indian Missionary Directoey. 

Richardson Gray, (m. d). B. in U. S. A. in 1852. A. Oct. 20, 1873. 
Or. Jan. 1874. Labored in Eastern Kumaon. Left tlie Mission in 1883 and 
went to America. Ad, Omnr/e, N. J., U. S. A. 

Nathan G. Cheney. A. in Feb. 1876. S. Nynee Tal, pastor Engl. 
Church, 1876-82. 11. 1882. Presidino- Elder East New York Distrir-t. Ad. 
Stamford, Ct, U.S.A. 



DECEASED MISSION ARIES. 

Joseph R. Downey. B. Dec. 15, 1836, at New Albany, Ind., U. S. A. 
Ed. at Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. M. in Fen. 1859. A. in 
Aug. 1859, and died only a month after his arrival at Lucknow, Sept. 16, 
1859. 

Charles Wesley Judd. B. Jan. 31, 1829, in Berkshire, Tioga Co., N. Y., U. 
S. A. Called to the ministry in 1849. M. in 1856. Or. in 1857 and 1859. 
Labored as a pastor six years before coming to I. A. in Aug. 1859. S. 1859-62, 
Moradabad : 1862-65, Lucknow ; 1865-69, Presiding Elder of Lucknow 
and Bareilly Districts (1869-71, H. to America); 1872-73, Bareilly ; 
1874-75, Nynee Tal ; 1876, Kumaon District, Presiding Elder. H. 1879. I;. 
Translated " Hayat-ul-Mattaqin ;" M. E. Church Press, LueknoAv. D. at 
Wilkesbarre, U.^S. A., Feb. 11, 1880. 

John David Brown. B. Nov. 8, 1834, in Mifflin Co., Penn., U. S. A. 
Entered the East Baltimore Conference in March, 1859. Or. by Bishop Simpson 
and bv Bishop Baker, in 1861, M. June 11, 1861. A. in Jan. 1862. S. Moradabad, 
1862 ; Shahjehanpore, 1863-64 ; Sitapur, 1865-70. H. to America in 1871 : 
while there, had pastoral charge for one vear at Carlisle, Penn. Rt. in Dec. 
1872. S. Shahjehanpore, 1873; Bareilly, 1874-75. L. " Talib-ul-Haqq :" 
" Naqliyat-i-Dilchasp :" several Sunday-school books (pictorial series) : trans- 
lated into Urdu Dr. Mitchell's '' Letters to Indian Youth :" and '' Girdab-i- 
Nashabazi" (partly original), M, E. Church Press, Lucknow. R. to America 
in broken health, "Jan. 1876. D. at Plarrisburg, Pa., Feb, 17, 1878. 

Henry Martyn Daniel. Ed. at the Secundra Orphanage, Agra, and dated 
his conversion from truth received there. Or. at Lucknow by Bishop Thomson 
in Dec. L?64. S. Lucknow, 1865 ; Hurdui, 1866 D. 'at Lucknow, in 
Feb., 1867, 

Melville Cox Elliot. B. in 1839, in Me., U. S. A. Ed. at the Wesleyan 
Univ. A. in 1869 as a traveller in search of health. The climate agreeing 
with him he engaged in educational work in Lucknow, and in 1870 at 
Moradabad. In Jan. 1871 he was appointed to Bahraich, but his health 
laning he proceeded to the Ililla, and D. at Ahnorali, Aug. 26, 187L 

Joseph Fleldbmve. B. in Sardhana. Joined the mission in 1859. S. 
B.w rillv, Moradabad, Lucknow. D. July 20, 1868. 



Methodist Episcopal Church Missions. 21$ 

TT.-THE SOUTH INDIA MISSION. 

The name of this Mission was given to distinguish it from 
the North India Mission of the same Church, rather than to spe- 
cify its geographical situation. It originated chiefly through 
the evangelistic work of the Rev. William Taylor, and was 
formally organized in 1872. At the outset it was less a '' Mis- 
sion," in the usually accepted sense of that word, than a work 
among English-speaking people. Churches were organized, pas- 
tors appointed, and all the customary appliances of regularly 
established European Churches were brought into use. From 
the beginning, however, it was accepted as the settled aim of the 
oro'anization to use these English congreo-ations as aoencies 
through which to reach the outlying masses of the people of 
India, and with a view to developing the largest possible amount 
of indigenous help, it was resolved to accept no aid from Mission- 
ary Societies. Each pastor was to be supported by the people 
among whom he lived and labored, and it was hoped that when 
in due time Native (Jhurches should be organized, they would 
follow the same example. 

The result of this policy has not, thus far, fully met the 
expectations of those who inaugurated it, and yet it has been 
sufficiently encouraging to confirm their faith in its final success. 
The claims of the purely English part of the Mission absorb 
most of the time of the missionaries, and hence some of them 
have done nothing in a direct way among the heathen and Moha- 
medans. It is hoped, however, that from year to year many lay 
members may be induced to undertake informal missionaiy work, 
as already a goodl) number have done with very fair success. 
Meanwhile a Native Church is slowly growing up, and the pro- 
portion of Native to English members steadily increases from 
year to year. Vernacular Sunday-schools have been opened at 
various points, and in all the large cities vernacular preaching is 
regularly carried on. 

At the beginning of 1886 an important change was mad© 
in the policy of this Mission, the chief feature of which was the 
adoption of a grant-in-aid plan, somewdiat like that on which 
educational grants-in-aid are given by the Indian Government. 
That is, the Mission proposes to accept from the Home Society 
as much money as is contributed for purely missionary among 
the Natives by parties in India. In remote places, where at the 
outset there is no European community from which to seek assist- 
ance, appropriations are accepted without dIus grant-in-aid • con- 
dition. Men who devote themselves unconditionally to evange- 
listic work are also supported unconditionally. 



fl4 Indian Missionary Directory. 

It is not expected that the separate existence of this Mission 
will continue beyond 1888. The Annual Conference which re- 
presents it has twice voted in favor of a territorial division, and 
it is probable that, before many years, the present body will give 
place to a number of distinct Missions, or Annual Conferences 
engaged in missionary work. 

At the close of 1885 the Mission had 559 Native Christians, 
of whom 386 were communicants : there were 45 foreign mission- 
aries, and two Native ordained agents. 

[J.M.T.] 



SECRETARIES. 

Home Secretaries.— The Rev. J.M. Reid, D.D.) ^?^' ^'y^'f^jL'!'}'^ 
The Rev. C.C McCabe, D ^]Ts!I '' 

South India Conference. — The Rev WE Robbins, Egutpiira, 
Bombay P. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Baker, Albert Hamilton. B. Apr. 26, 1854, at Portland, Me., 
U. S. A. Pastoral work two years in America. A. Jan. 25, 1881. 
Or. Dec. 24, 1882; Feb. 5, 1885. S. Baroda, Nagpiir, and (Ad.) 
Blacktown, Madrai. 

Blackstock, John. B. Ontario, Canada, Sept. 8, 1834. Ed. Indiana 
Asbiiry Univ. A. Dec. 18, 1875. S. Bombay, 1876 ; Poona, 1877-78 ; 
Nagpur, 1879-80 ; Madras, 1881. Ad. Foona. 

Blewitt, Frank J. Joined the Conference, 1884. Ad. Hindus- 
tani Mission, Calcutta. 

BowEN, George. B. 1816, in U. S. A. Or. 1848. A. Jan. 1848 
as a missionary of the A. B. C. F. M., resigned salary, 1849 ; resigned 
connection, 1855 ; disconnected until 1872, when he joined the M. E. 
Church. L. Editor Bombay Guardian, 1854-86 : ''Life of Mohamed ;" 
"Discussions by the sea-side;" "Abiding Miracles of Prophecy;" 
'• Friendly words to Romanists ;" " The Religion that man Needs ;" " Did 
Christ rise again ?" "Some Friendly words ;" " Friendly words to Educated 
Natives ;" "Paul the Christian's Pattern ;" "Is Infant Baptism unwar- 
ranted ?" (Tract and Book Society, Bombay): "Daily Meditations" 
(Bombay, America, Eng.); "The Aniens of Christ" (Eng.); " Love 
Rerealed" (America, Eng.). Ad. Bombay. 

Bowser, Wellington. B, Echo, Penn., U. S. A., Sept. 13, 1862. 
Or. 1881 ; 1883. A. Nov. 27, 1879. S. Cawnpore, Principal Memorial 
School, 1880 ; Roorkee ; Karachi ; since 1885, Bangalore, Prin. Baldwin 
Schools. Ad. Bangalore. 

Bruerk, W, \V, B. in Pennington, N. J., U. S. A., in 1857. A. 



Methodist Episcopal Church Missions. 215 

1880. Or. 1884. S. Ahmedabad, Poona, Bangalore, Eguipura, Bhot>awal, 
•ml (Ad.) Bombay. 

Busby, E. S. B. in U. S. A. Ar. 1884. Ad. Pakur, Bengal. 

Carter, Robert Elmer. B. in Wyandotte Co., Ohio, U. S. A., 
March lU, 1854. Or. March 20, 1879, at New Castle, Del. by Bishop 
Simpson. A. May 19, 1879. S. Rangoon, 1879 ; Bangalore, 1880-82 ; 
since, at (Ad.) Bangalore. 

Clarke, William E. L. Joined the Mission in 1884. Ad. Poona. 

Clifton. E. A. Ar. 1886. Prin. Philander Smith Inst, at (Ad.) 
Mfissoorie, N. W. P. 

Creamer, Alfred G. B. Nov. 9, 1855, at Waldoboio, Me.. U 
S. A. Or. Oct. 1885. A. Nov. 29, 1885. Ad. Jabalpur. 

CuRTiES, Francis William Grint. B. Kamptee, Aug. 10, 1852. 
Or. Bombay, Nov. 1876. S. Jabalpur, Secunderabad, Madras, Railway 
Lines, Hyderabad, Bellary, Mhow, Allahabad, Agra, Bandikui, and (Ad). 
Secunderabad, Deccan. 

D'SouzA, Charles W. Joined the Missi(m in 1883. Or. 1883 • 1885 
Ad. Boorlzee, N. W. P. 

Ernsberger, David Oliver. B. in Perry Co., O., U. S- A., Aug 
19, 1851, Or. Apr. 1882 ; Nov. 1884. A. July 3, 1882. S. Ver. work 
among Canarese at Lingsugur. Ad. Raichore, Deccan. 

Fox, Danijbl Ormsby. B. Canajoharie, New York, U. S. A., 1835. 
Or. 1862. E. North-AVestern Univ. (M. A.), and Garrett Biblicallnstitute 
Evanston, 111. (B. D.). A. Dec. 1, 1872. S. Poona, 1872-75 ; Kurra- 
chee, 1876-78 ; Bombay, 1879 to 1885, Presiding Elder, Bombay Dis- 
trict. H. 1885. Ad. Sprout Brook, N. Y., U. S. A. 

Eraser, Alexander G. Joined the Mission in 1881 Ad. Bombay, 

Garden, Joseph Henry. B. in Kingston, Ont., Canada Nov* 
26, 1858. Or. at New York, Oct. 81, 1884. A. Dec. 23, 1884. S. 
Madras, and (Ad.) Bellary, Madras P. 

Gilder, George King. B. in Poona, Sept. 12, 1855. Joined 
the Mission in 1874. Or. Jan. 25, 1874 ; Nov. 12, 1876. S. Jabalpur, 
Baroda, Saugor, Bombay, Egutpoora, Mussoorie, Lahore, and (Ad.) 
Karachi, Sindh. 

GiLRUiTH, Archibald. B. in U. S. A. Ar. 1876. Joined the 
Mission in 1882. Ad. Allahabad. 

Hard, Clark P. Ar, Dec. 25, 1874. S. Madras, M. in 1877. 
R. to America, 1878. Rt. 1882. S. Madras, Allahabad, Harda, Kamptee 
etc. Presiding Elder Central I. Dist. since Nov. 1884. H. to Australia,' 
1886. Ad. Kamptee, C. P. 

jACOBi, Simon Peter. B. Jan. 14, 1837, near Shanesvillc, Tus- 
carawas Co , Ohio, U. S. A. Joined the North Ohio Conference in Sept. 
1860. Or. Sept. 7, 1862, by Bishop Scott; Sept. 4, 1864, by Bishop 
Ames. Pastoral work eighteen years in North Ohio and Kansas Confer- 
ences. A. March, 1880. S. Calcutta, 1880, Bombay 1881, Kolar mis- 
sion, 1882, Canarese Circuit 1883-85 ; since, Hindustani Mission, Hy- 
derabad. L. five tracts : '' Regeneration ;"' " Justification continued or 



316 Indian Missionary Directory. 

Entire Sanctification ;" " Christian Conversion ;'' Christ Foretold ; *' Man's 
Revolt and Restoration" — to be had at Willard Tract Repository, Bombay, 
or of the author. Ad. Hyderabad, Deccan. 

Janney, Levan R. B. Allowaystown, N. J., U. S. A., March 12, 
1849. Ed. Ohio Wesleyan Univ. graduating in 1876. Or. Sept. 10, 
1876, by Bishop Ames. A. Nov. 6, 1876. S. Allahabad, Jubbulpore, 
Kurrachee, and (Ad.) Harda, C. P. 

Jeffries, Enoch. B. in New Basford, Notts. Eng., May 26, 1843. 
A. Jan. 31, 1850. Joined the mission in 1882. Or. Dec. 1882. S. Ajmere, 
1882, Secunderabad, 1883-84 ; pince Mhow. Ad. Mhow, C, P. 

Khundajce. Duyanoha. Joined in 1882. Or, Nov. 1884. Ad, Egut- 
poora, Bombay P. 

Leonaud, a. T. B- in U. S. A. Ar. 1885. Ad. Agra. 
Long, S. P. B. in U. S. A. Ar. in 1885. Ad. Rangoon. 
Lyon, James, B. in Hawick, Roxbury shire, Scotland, Apr. 1848. 
To America in 1872. Graduate of Claverack Acad, and Hudson River 
Institute ; spent two years in Boston Univ. Or. in Sept. 1879. A. 1879, 
S. Agra, Mhow, Hyderabad. W. Eng. and ver. Ad. Hyderabad, Deccan. 

Meik, James Patrick. B. in I. Aug. 23, 1859. Joined the uiis- 
sion in 1879. Or. 1882 and in 1^^84. S. Calcutta from Feb. 1879 to 
Dec. 1881, in Seamen's Mission ; since in charge of Bengali Circuit. 
L. leveral Bengali Tracts : " The Christian Watchman," a Christian 
Journal issued monthly in Bengali. Ad. 146, Dhurrumtollah St., Calcutta. 
Miller, Charles M. Ar. 1885. In charge of Seamen's Mission. 
Ad. CaJcutta. 

Morton, Thomas Edward Frank. B. in Madras, Feb. 22, 1855. 
Joined the Mission in 1882. Or. in Dec. 1882, and in Nov. 1884. S. 
Bellary, Nagpore, Bhosawal, Jabalpur, and (Ad.) Ajmere. 

Newhouse, F. D. B. in U. S. A. Ar. 1886. Ad. Lahore. 
Oldham, William F. B. in India. Ed. in U. S. A, Ar. in 1884. 
Or. 1885. Ad. Singapore. 

Osborne, Dennis. B. at Benares, Oct. 11, 1844. M. July 20, 1864. 
Was for sixteen years in the service of Government : resigned this to 
enter the ministry. Or. at Lucknow by Bishop Harris, Jan. 11, 1874. 
S. Allahabad and Mussoorie. W. Engl, and ver. Visited America 
as delegate to General Conference, in 1884. L. " India and its 
Millions." Presiding Elder Allahabad Dist. Ad. Mussoorie, N. W. P. 
Peters, Benjamin. B. in Madras, July '2^, 1844. Converted Mar. 
25, 1874. Or Dec 19, 1880 : Dec. 24, 1882. W. Engl, and ver. In 
charge of 'J\amil Circuit at (Ad.) Bangalore. 

Plomei;, Claudius H. B. in India. Joined tiie mission in 1883. 
Ad. Lahore. 

Richards, Ira A. B. in Indiana, L". S. A., Dec. 80, 1854, Or. 
Sept. 25, 1879, at Akron, Ohio, by Bishop Foster. A. Nov, 27, 1879. 
B. Bellary, Madras, Bangalore (in charge of M. E. School), since 1885 
at Bombay. L. " Mental Arithmetic," original (Engl.) to be had of 
the author. Translated a Tract into Tamil. H. tr America, Aug. 
1886. Ad. Creston, Wayne Co., 0.. U. S. A. 



Methodist EpiscorAL Church Missions. 217 

RoBBiNs, William Edwin. B. Orange Co., Iiid., U. S. A., March 
8, 1845. Or. Sept. 8, 1872. A. Nov. '2-2, 1872. S. Bombay, Nagpore, 
Poona, and (Ad). Egutpoora, Bombay P. 

EoBiNSON, John Eavd. B. in Ireland, Feb. 12, 1819. Eemoved 
to America in 1865. Ed. at DrewTheol. Sem. Or. in Oct. 1871. A. Dec. 
18, 1874. S. Secmiderabad, 1874-77 ; Bangalore, 1877-80 ; since, 
Rangoon. Presiding Elder Burma Dist. since 1885. W. chiefly Engl.: 
Editor "The Messenger" six jeavs; editor '^ Burma Evangelist." Ad. 
Rangoon (temporarily at Simla). 

RuDisiLL, Abraham Wehrley- B. June 22, 1846, in Hanover,' 
Pa., U. S. A. Or. 1872 ; 1874. Joined the Baltimore Conference in 
1870. S. Bentley Springs, 1870-71 ; Harford Av., Baltimore, 1872 ; North 
Baltimore, 1873 ; Waverly, Baltimore, 1874-75 ; Govanstown, 1876-78 ; 
Centre St., Cumberland, 1879-81 ; Eutaw St., Baltimore, 1882 ; P. E. 
West Baltimore Dist., 1883-84. Ar. Dec. 12, 1884. S. Madras, P. E. 
Madras Dist. Ad. Madras. 

Stephens, AVilliam H. B. in U. S. A. Ar. 1880. Ad. Bomhay. 

Stone', George Irvin. B. Erie, Penn., U. S. A. 1839. Or. 1879. 
A. Dec. 31, 1879. S. Calcutta. W. among seamen. H. to America, 1884. 
Ad. 805 Broadway, New Yorl, TJ. S. A, 

Stone, J. Sumner (m. d.) B. at WheeHng, Va., U, S. A. 1856. A. 
1880. S. Calcutta, 1880-84. H. to America, 1884. M. 1885. Ad. Bombay. 

Thoburn, James Mills. B. March 7, 1836, in Ohio, U. S. A., 
began preaching in July, 1857. Or. in AxDril, 1859. A. K\\^. 21, 1859. 
S. at Nynee Tal till Oct. 1863. H. to America. Rt. in Jan. 1866. S. 
Garhwal, 1866-67 ; Moradabad, 1868-69 ; Lucknow, 1870-73: since, 
Calcutta. To America temporarily in 1876, in 1880, and in 1886. M. 
W. has been in both Engl, and ver. L. Editor Indian Witness : " My Mis- 
sionary Apprenticesliip" (1884). Ad. 805 Broadw^ay, New York, U. S, A. 

Thoburn, James M., Jr. B.June 23, 1856, at St. Clairsrille, O., 
U. S. A. Or. Sept. 1880, Oct., 1884. S. Warren, Pa. three years, Dunkirk, 
N. Y, one year. Ar. Nov. 1884. Pastor English M. E. Church. Ad. 
Calcutta. 

Thoburn, Crawford Rockwell. B. in Nynee Tal, Oct. 4, 1862, 
Ed. in U. S. A. Joined Erie Conf ., 1884, Or. Sept. 15, 1885. A. 
Dec. 13, 1885, In charge of Fort Church. Ad. Bombay. 

Vardon, Algernon S. E. Joined the Mission in 1883. Ad. 
Kamptee, C. P. 

Webb, John Dubal. B. at Mount, Holly, N. J., U. S. A. Ar. 
Mar. 5, 1880. Or. Nov. 23, 1884. S. Cawnpore nine months j 
Khandwa, two years ; Ajmere, three years. Ad. Khandwa^ C. P. 



RETIRED jMISSIONARIES, 

Bishop William Taylok. Entered the ministry in early life and preached 
two years in Georgetown, D. C. (U. S= A.), and one year in Baltimore. Went 
in 1849, as u missionary to California; where he labored seven years. IvQm 



218 Indian Missionary Directory. 

1856 to 1861 was engaged is evangelistic labors in the United States and 
in Canada. Trom Canada proceeded to Australia by way of Great Britain 
and Palestine. After labouring here three years he went in 1866 to South 
Africa, where he spent several months in general evangelistic labors, returning 
to London at the close of the year. He aferwards returned to Australia, 
where he spent several years. Came to India in 1870. Labored for a time 
in North India, and afterwards at Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, and elsewhere. 
In 1875, R. to America. L. " The Election of Grace :" The Model preacher :" 
" California Life Illustrated :" " Reconciliation, or How to be saved :" 
"Infancy and Manhood of Christian Life:" Seven Years' Street Preaching 
in San Francisco :" " Christian Adventures in South Africa :" " Four Years' 
Campaign in India :" " Our South American cousins," etc. London, Hodder, 
and Stoughton : New York, Phillips, and Hunt. Visited South America, and 
established missions in 1877-78, In 1884, elected Bishop of Africa. Went 
to Africa to establish missions, in 1885, Ad. St. Paul de Loando, West Africa. 

James Shaw. B. in Ireland in 1845. Or. 1874. R. 1882. 

Christopher William Christian. B. in India. Or, 1874 R, 1882. 

David H. Lee. B. in Carroll Co., Ohio, U. S. A., June 29, 1850. Or. 
Youngstown, 1875. A, Dec. 11, 1875. S. Agra, 1876 ; Roorkee, 1877-78; 
Darjeeling, 1879 ; Roorkee, 1880 ; Bangalore, 1881. R. 1882. Ad. 805 Broad- 
way, Nevj Yorh, U. S. A. 

Milton Hopkins Nichols. B. Nov. 7, 1835, in Ross Co., Ohio, U. S. A. 
Or. Oct. 2, 1870 ; March 3, 1872. Pastoral work in 111. before coming to 
L A. Dec. 18, 1875. R. 1880. 

William B. Osborn. A. Nov. 1876. R. 1882. Ad. Niagara Falls, N. Y., 
U. S. A. 

Isaac Francis Row. B. Plymouth, Eng., Sept. 23, 1840. Or. at Worces- 
ter, Mass, March 31, 1872, and at Boston, April 12, 1874. Graduate of 
Boston Theol. Sem. Pastoral work six years before coming to I. A. Nov. 9, 
1876. S.Bombay, 1876-80|; Madras, 1881-82. R. 1883. Ad. Coonoor, Madras P. 

James Abraham Northrup. B. Cove Spring, Ky., U. S. A., Dec. 26, 1848. 
Or. Bloomington, 111., by Bishop Wiley, Sept. 28, 1873, Princeton, III, by 
Bishop Merrill, Oct. 14, 1877. A. Dec 20, 1877. S. Calcutta, 1878 ; Poona ; 
Bombay. R. 1885. Ad. 805, Broadway, New Yorlc, U. S. A. 

Thomas Henry Oakes. B. Madras, Sept. 28, 1853. Or. Nov. 12, 1876. 
A. 1877, S. Calcutta, 1876 ; Drew Theol. Sem., Madison, N. J., U. S. A., 
1877-80, Calcutta, 1881. R. 1883. 

Melville Y. Bovard. A. 1879. R. 1882. Ad. North New Yorh City. 

Oramil Shreves. B. Columbiana Co., Ohio, U. S. A., Aug. 4, 1847. Or. 
Lima, Ohio, by Bishop Simpson, in 1879. A. Dec. 27, 1879. R. 1885. Ad. 
Wauson 0., U. S. A. 

George W. Woodall. A. 1871. R. 1882. Ad. Chmking, China. 

Charles A. Martin, Esq. B. Meadville, Pa, U. S. A., 1859. A. Dec. 
21, 1880. S Calcutta, W. Educational ; Principal Calcutta Boys' School. R. 
1882. Ad. Grecncastle, Ind., U, S. A. 



DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Hiram Torbet. A. in Dec. 1878. Was accidentally killed at Bombay 
March 12, 1879, by falling into the hold of a ship. 

Wilham Isaacson. B. in "India, Or. in 1878. S. Allahabad and Futeh- 
pur, D. Dec. 10, 1880, 



Methodibt Epl^copal Chubch Missions. 219 

Frank A. Goodwin. B. Sept. 13, 1847, Bicldeford, Me,, U. S. A. 
A. 1873. S. Kurrachee and Calcutta. li. 1881. D. Aug. 16, 1881. 

William F. C. M. Smith. Joined the Mission in 1882. D. Feb. 20, 1883 

William E. Newlon. A. Dec. 1875. 1^ 1880, D. in U. S. A., 1884 

Franklin Grasson Davis. B. Gallipolis, Ohio, U. S. A., June 16, 1844. E' 

Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111., g-raduating- in 1874. Or. Oct. 13 

1872 ; Oct. 20, 1875. Pastoral work in Ohio and 111. before coming to 

I. A. June 5, 1876. S. Madras, 1876-77 ; Blacktown, Madras, 1878-79 : Se- 

cunderabad ; Allahabad. M. Jan. 30, 1880. H. 1884. D. in U. S. A. 1885. 

^ M. B. Kirk. B. in Ohio, U. S. A., in 1848. Ed. Ut. Union Col. (B. A. 

1878). _ A. Nov. 1879. S. Bangalore schools one year, Colar one year ; Nynee 

Tal : Pithoragarh (Leper Asylum), D. at Cawnpore, July 29, 1886. 

Barton Thomas Eddy. B. near Ashland, 0., U. S. A., Sept. 2,1859. Or. 
1883. A. Jan. 8, 1884. S. Calcutta until Nov. 1885. In Dec. 1885 appointed 
Prin. Baldwin Schools at Bangalore, where he D. Jan. 12, 1886. 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

CHRISTIiN VEMACULAR EDUCATION SOCIETY. 

The Christian Vernacular Education Society for India "was 
established in 1858 as a memorial of the Mntiny. Its objects are 
thus defined: " The primary objects of the Society shall be to 
establish in the great towns of India, Christian Vernacular 
Training Institutions, Male and Female, and to supply, as 
far as possible, in each of the native languages of India, school 
books and other educational works prepared on Christian 
principles. The General Funds shnll l)e applicable to assist 
in the establishment of vernacular schools in India supported 
by fees, local, or other resources." " Instruction in English 
may be given at the discretion of the Local Committees." In 
1874 it was decided, in friendly concert with the Religious 
Tract Society, to extend the Publication Department by adding 
to educational works, '' All books of a hcvalthy moral tone 
possessing a Christian tendency, which treat of subjects 
affecting the social or moral improvement of the people, and 
upon which the native mind requires enlightenment." 

The Society originated with the late Rev. Henry Venn, of 
the Church Missionary Society. Its first regular Secretary, 
and till the day of his death, its warmest friend, was the late 
H. Carre Tucker, Esq., C. B., formerly C'Ommissioner of 
Benares. Mr. John Murdoch, Secretarj- of the South India 
Christian School Book Society, was invited, in 1858, to become 
the Society's Agent in India, and the Publication Department soon 
afterwards made a beginning. 

Mr. William Y orke, of the Training College, Westminster, was 
sent out in 1860 to train teachers in South India. Mr. James S. 
Haig, of the Free Church Training College, Edinburgh, was 
sent out in 1863 to Western India. Mr. (I J. Rodgers, of the 
British and Foreign School Society's Training College, London, 
was sent out in 1864 to the Pan jab. 

In 1885 the number of students in the Training Institution 
at Dindigul, South India, was 40 ; the Ahmednagar Institution 
had 55 students ; and the Ann'itsar Institution had 34 students. 
The Amritsar Institution was transferred to the Church Missionary 
Society on the 1st of January, 1886. 

Efforts have been made, chiefly in Bengal, to improve indige- 
nous schools, through the visits of Christian Inspectors ; the native 



Chrtrttan EprcATiox Society, 221 

teachers receiving po much per pupil. The Society has also day- 
schools under trained C'hristian teacher?. In 1885 the number 
of children under instruction ^vas 7,271. 

During 1884 there ^Yere printed 600,310 copies of 104 separate 
pubHcations. The sales realized Es. 53,102. The total number of 
works published in 18 languages is 1,121 ; the total number of 
copies printed is 11,280,845. 

The Society also carries on the work of Colportage. In 1884, 
sixty-six colporteurs were employed in India, who sold 142,730 
publications, including 7,628 Scriptures, the proceeds amounting 
to Rs. 5,486. The total income of the Society in 1885 amounted 
to^£10,917. 

[J. M.] , 



AGENTS OF THE SOCIETY, 

Evans, J. E., Esq. Ad. Dindigul, Madras P. 

Haki, James S., Esq. Ar. 18G3. S. Ahmednagar. Now in 
Europe. 

Murdoch, John, Esq. B. at Glasgow, Scotland, in 1810. Ed. 
Glasgow Univ. In 1844 he went to Ceylon to take charge of the 
Government Schools at Kandy. In 1849 he resigned his connection 
with Government to devote himself to the publication of Christian litera- 
tm'e, his support being kindly undertaken by the Wellington Street 
CongregatioiD, Glasgow, to which he belonged. In 1854 he went to 
India to obtain catechists to labor among the coolies on the coffee estates 
in Ceylon. This led him afterward to visit Madras when the South 
India Christian School Book Society was established. The following 
year he was recognised as an agent of the United Presbyterian Church 
of Scotland. In 18.58 he became the Indian agent of the Christian 
Vernacular Education Society, still retaining his connection with his own 
Church. In 1867, in addition to his previous duties, he became Indian 
agent of the Eeligious Tract Society. The honorary degree of LL. D. 
was conferred on him by the Univ. of Glasgow in 1871. The follow- 
ing are his principal publications : a Series of School Books : the Indian 
Missionary Manual : the Indian Student's IManual : Catalogue of the 
Christian Vernacular Literature of India : Hints on the Management of 
Tract Societies in India: "Introduction to the New Testament ;" with 
a number of tracts and pamphlets. Ad. Madras. 



EETIEED AGENT. 

Chas. J. Pledgers, Esq. B. at Wilne, Derbyshire, Apr. 10, 1888. 
A. Dec. 18G3. Prin. C. V. ]•. S.Inst, at Amritsar mitil Dec. 81, 1885. 
Appointed to Archaeological Survey, Panjab Circle, Jan. 1, 1886. L, 
Numerous papers on Numismatics, etc. in Journal of Asiatic Society, 
etc. Ad. Amritsar, Panjab. 



CHAPTER XXIY. 

THE EAJPOOTAl^A MISSIOI^. 

The Missionary Society of the United Presbyterian Church 
in Scotland began its operations in India in the year 1860, se- 
lecting Rajpootana as its field of labor. This region was alto- 
gether mioccupied, and the subsequent history of the Mission 
thus planted shows the wisdom of the choice. The first mis- 
sionary was the Rev. Williamson Shoolbred, who arrived in Octo- 
ber 1859 : the first station occupied was Beawr. An orphan- 
age was formed here, and also a church now the largest in 
the Mission. Mr. Shoolbred was joined in 1860 by the Rev. 
Messrs. Martin and Robson, and other stations were soon 
occupied. Nuseerabad was taken up in 1861 : Ajmere, in Feb- 
ruary 1862 : Todgurh, in December 1863 : Jeypore, in 1866 : 
Deolee, 1871 : Ashapura, 1872 ; Oodeypore, 1877 : Ulwar, 1880 : 
Jodhpore, 1885. 

Great attention has been paid by the members of this 
Mission to the healing of the sick : at present there are four 
medical missionaries in connection with the Mission. Dispen- 
saries have been opened at Beawr, Ajmere, Nusseerabad, Oodey- 
pore, and Kishengarh. In the five during the year 1885, no less 
than 146,666 cases, new and old, were treated. Both medical and 
other missionaries attach much importance to itinerations, and 
have thus been enabled to spread throughout many towns and 
villages of Rajpootana a knowledge of the Redeemer's name. 
A lithographic press is located at Beawr, and is kept constantly 
employed. A number of popular tracts have been published. 
A Printing Press was established at Ajmere in 1883 : it gives 
employment to a number of Native Christians. Th© first native 
pastor was ordained in March, 1886. Orphanages were established 
in five of the seven stations ; in 1880 these were all united in 
one, at Beawr which contains 33 orphans. There were also in 
1885, 91 schools, with a total attendance (including orphans) of 
4,935 : and 36 Sunday-schools attended by 1,658 children. 

The number of Native Christians in 1885 was 960, and of 
communicants 441. The Society has in India 16 missionaries 
(including three in Europe). 



The RajpootxIna Mission. 
SECRETARIES. 



223 



Home Seceetary. — The Rev. James Buchanan, Edinburgh. 
Indian Seceetary. — The Rev. George Macalister, Jeypore. 



MISSIONAEIES, ACTIVE, EETIEED AND DECEASED. 



Name. - 


Arrived ix 


IXDIA. 


Address or Eemarks. 


ASHCKOFT, F,, 31. A. 


December, 


1884 


riicar. 


BOXNAR, WILLIA3I, 2 


January, 


1870 


Deoll. 


BROAVX, J. A.. M. A. 1 


December, 


1884 


Beaicr. 


Clark, Wm./m. B., c. M. 


January, 


1873 


Kusscerahad. 


Glardon, Auguste, 


January, 


1862 


E. in 1866. 


Gkay, James, 


December, 


1863 


Ajmere. 


Gray, A. D., m. a. 


December, 


1875 


Now ill Ev,ronc. 


Hexdrie, J. 


January, 


1870 


E. 


HlSBAXI), J., F, R. C. S. E. 


December, 


1870 


Ajmere. 


JAMESOX, A. p. C, 3 


October, 


1873 


Ulicar. 


Macalister, G., m. a. 


January, 


1872 


Jeypore. 


Martix, William, 


NoYcmbtr, 


1860 


D. in 1883. 


Martix, Gavix, m. a. 


December, 


1863 


D. in 1874. 


McIxxes, J., M, A. 


December, 


1884 


Oodeypore. 


McQuistax, J., Esq. 

EOBB, Wm,, M. A. 4 






Ashapura. 
Kusseeraljad. 


November, 


1862 


EoBSOX, J., M. A, 


November, 


1860 


E. in 1871. 


ShEPHEKD, J., M. A., M. D. 5 ... 


January, 


1873 


Oodcypore. 


Shoolbred, W., d. d. 


October, 


1839 


Beawr. 


SoMMERVILLE, J., L. R. C. P. ... 


January, 


1872 


JodJip re. 


Traill, J. 


January. 


1870 


Jeypore. 


Urn rally 


Or. March, 


.. 1886 


Beawr. 



(1) B. in Fifeshire, 1842. Or. 1869, H. 1874-76. 

(2) B. in Galashiels, Oct. 4, 1854. Or. Sept. 23, 1884. 

(3) B. in Manchester, Oct. 16, 1847. Or- 1873. 

(4) B. in Aberdeen, 1832. Or. 1862. H. June, 1876, to Dec. 1881. 

(5) B. Feb. 2, 1847. Or. Oct. 28, 1880. 



(CHAPTER XXV. 

THE DANISH EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SOCIETY. 

The old Danish Missionary Society, whicli sent out the 
first Protestant missionaries to India, having been dissolved, a 
new Society was founded in the year 1826. This Society had for 
many years no Missions in India, as its former field of operations 
with Tranquebar as its centre, had been made over to the 
Leipzig Lutheran Society. In I860 it entered into connection 
with the Rev. C. Ochs, who had opened a mission in the South 
Arcot District. Soon after, several missionaries were sent out to 
assist him, and he was supported by funds from Denmark 
till his death, w^hen he left his station at Pattambakam as the 
property of the Danish Society. Since, the Society has operated 
in the South Arcot District, where it now has two stations 
and several out-stations. Work at Madras and Yercaud has 
also been taken up. 

The statistics for 1885 are as follows : — 

Foreign Missionaries, ... ... ... 6 

Native Christians, .•• ... ... 481 

Communicants, ... ... ... 80 

MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Ihle, Albert, B. Dec, 5, 1819, in Denmark. Ed. at Mission Sem. 
in Copenhagen, A. Jan. 1877. S. Ranipett and Tirukoilur. Or. May, 
1879. Ad. Tirukoilur, South Arcot. 

Jensen, Herman. B. Aug, 11, 1812, in Denmark. Ed. at 
Mission Sem., Copenhagen. Ar. Sept. l.'^72. S. Kanipett, Vellore. L. 
Tamil Reading Book for European beginners : an Engl, translation of 
Nielsen's '^Conditions of a powerful Will." H. in Apr. 1885. Now in 
Eurojje. 

KoFOED, Christian. B. Jan. 2, 1849, in Denmark. Ed. at Mission 
Sem., Copenhagen. A. in Dec. 1881. Or. Jan. 1881. Ad. Yercaud, She- 
varoy Hills, 

Lazarus, John. B. at Madras, Aug. 25, 1819. Ed. at L. M. S. 
Inst, and Thcol Sem., Madras. Graduated with B. A. at Madras Univ., 
1874. Teacher L. M. S. Inst., Madras, ] 80 G-75 ; headmaster in same, 
1875-81. Joined the Danish Mission in May, 1881, Or. at Madras, 
May 1883. L. A Tamil Grammar in Engl. Translation Engl, of tho 
Nannul, Kural, etc, Ad. Madras, 



Danish Lutheran Society. 



225 



LovENTHAL, Edward. B. in Denmark, 184:0. Ed. at Mission 
Seni., Copenhagen. A. Sept. 1872. Ad. Vellorc, Madras P. 

ScHLESGHj Christian. B, in Denmark, Feb. 15, 1855. Ed, at 
Mission Sem., Copenhagen. Ar. July, 1879. A. 'Nov, 1879. Ad, 
Pattainhahwi, South Arcot. 



DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 



Carl Ernst Christopher Ochs. B. Feb. 10, 1812, at Greglineng, Wurtem- 
berg. Ed. at Dresden Seminary. Or. at Greiz, April 27, 1842. A Dec. 11, 
1842, M. in Dec. 1846. H. April 3, 1855, to Dec. 28, 1856. Left the Leip- 
zig Mission June 2, 1859, and began a mission of his own. In 1863 joined 
the Danish Lutheran Society ; established a new station at Pattambakam, 
where he D. Nov. 16, 1873. 

Peder Anderson. B. June 30, 1835, on the Island Fyen. Ed. in the Mis- 
sion Inst, at Copenhagen. A. Dec. 18, 1865. Or, in the Lutheran Church at 
Pattambakam. R. to Denmark, in 1876. 

Niels Thompson. A. Dec. 18, 1865. Or. in Pattambakam, Nov. 1, 
1868. Left the Mission in 1869. Is now a minister in U. S. A. 

Jesper A. Pedcrscn, B. Ed. and Or. in Denmark. A. Feb, 17, 1871' 
Left the Mission Sept. 1874. 



CHAPTER XXVI. 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF ENCtLAND MISSION. 

This Mission ^vas founded ill 1862 by the Rev. Bihari Lai 
Singh {vide p. 122), on behalf of the rresbyterian Church of 
England. He labored here twelve years and died in 1874. 
After his death the Mission was without a missionary four years. 
At the close of 1877 Dr. D. Morison arrived and has since had 
charge. At present the Native Christian community numbers 34. 
There are several schools Avith 220 pupils. In addition to evange- 
listic Avork there are two dispensaries : Zenana work and girls' 
schools are also carried forward. 

Donald Matheson, Esq., 120 Queen's Gate, London, is Secre- 
tary of the Mission. 



MISSIONARY IN CHARGE. 

MoRisoN, Donald. (M. D. C. M.) B. Storiioway, (Island of Lewis) 
Scotland, 18IG. Not Or. A. Dec. 6, 1877. Ad. Rampore BauIcaJi, Bengal, 



( 226 



PHAPTEE XXVFL 
HEMANNSBURG EVANG-ELICAL LUTHERAN SOCIETY. 

This Society began its operations in India by sending out 
in 1865 the Rev. A. Mylins to establish a Mission. He proceeded 
to the Nellore district and in 1866 occupied Naidupett. In the 
same year he was joined by two other laborers : others subsequent- 
ly arrived : of 18 missionaries sent out 10 are still in the field. 
Gudur was occupied in 1867 ; Yenkatagiri, in 1868 ; Vakadu, 
in 1870 ; Rapur, in 1872 ; Kalastry, in 1873 ; Tirupati, in 1877, 
Kodur, in 1883. The Native Christian community is steadily in- 
creasing : since 1866 upwards of 1,100 people have been baptized. 

Besides other schools, there is a Training school for teachers 
and Oatechists at Naidupett ; also a High school, attended by 140 
piipils. 

The following are the statistics for 1885 : — . - 

Foreign Missionaries, ... ••• 11 

Native Christians, ... ... •••800 

Communicants, ... ... ••• 300 



SECEETAEIES. 

Home Secretary. — The Eev. Egmoxt HAR:^rs, Eermamuhurg^ 
Germany. 

Indian Secretary^— The Rev. A. Mylius, Naidupett, Madras P. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Harms, H. C. B. Sept. 15, 1859, at Fahrenholz, Germany. 
Or. in Aug. 1882. A. Sept. 20, 1882. Prin. of the Mission school. Ad. 
Tirupati, Madras P. 

Kohlmeier, Christian. A. 1880. Ad. Vakadu, Madras P. 

KoTHE, Heinrich AYilhelm. B. at Lutter, Germany, Aug. 22, 
1852. A. Jan. 24, 1880. Or. 1880. S. 1880-84, Rapur ; since (Ad.) 
Salarpet, Madras P. 

Kruger, Heinrich Christian. B. in Hanover, Sept. 25, 1854. 
A. Dec. 7, l^^Q. Ad. Bajnir, Madras P, 

Luchow, Heinrich. A. 1880. Ad. Venl-atagiri, Madras P. 

Mylius, August. B. Nov. 20, 1819, at Baneik, Hanover. Ed. at 
Gottiugen. Or. 1846. A. in connection with the Leipzig Society, March 

( 227) 



228 Tn'ptan Mibsioxabt Dibectokt, 

6, 1847 : H. to Europe, 18J:7.. Rt. in 1866 as Senior to the Her- 
maniisbnrg Society, and has labourecl since at Naidnpett, Ad. 
Nakhpett^ Madras P. 

Petersen, Thomas Friedrich. B. Haderleben, Germany, Dec. 
17,1838. Or. Hanover, 1866. A. Sept. 2, 1866. S. Gudur, 1867-72; 
Venkatagiri, 1872-75 ; Naidupett, since 1878. H. to Germany, 
1875-77. L, Biblical History, Telugu. Ad. Natdupett, Madras P. 

Petersen, Paul Otto. B. in Schleswig, Germany^ Jan. 24, 1844. 
Or. Hanover, March 12, 1875: A. Sept, '2^^^ 1875. S. Naidupett and 
Timpati. L. Translation of German hjnnns into Telugu. H. 1883-84. 
Ad. TirujKiti, Madras P, 

Ramme, Heinkich Friedrich Wilhelm. B. Hanover, May 16, 
1851. A. Jan. 24, 1880. Or. Naidupett, June 24, 1880. S. Naidupett, 
Timpati, Vakadu, and (Ad.) Gudur, Madras P. 

ScRiBA, Carl. B. in Germany. Or. July 22, 1867. A. Feb. 22. 
1868. S. Gudur, 1868-60, since, Sulurpett, and (Ad.) Kalastry, 
Madras P. 

WoRRLEiN, Johann. B. at Windsheim, Bavaria, Oct. 22, 1837, 
E. at the Mission Institute, Hermannsburg ; ordained by the General 
Superintendent, Dr. Niemann, at Hanover, July 22,1867. A. Feb. 2], 
1868. M. Oct. 24, 1873. S. Kalastry, Feb. 1873 to June, 1877 ; Tim- 
pati, 1877-79, since, Vakadu and (Ad.) Kodur, Madras P, 



DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

A. Kiehne. A. 1871. H. 1878-79. D. at Gudar, Aug. 12, 1883. 
G. Shepman. A. 1881. D. at Kalastry, Jan. 30, 1885. 



CPIAPTER XXVIII. 
FEIENDS' FOREiaN MISSION ASSOCIATION. 

The first missionary of* this Society sent to India was Miss 
Rachel Metcalfe, to Benares, in October 1866. Three years 
later Mr. Elkanah Beard and his wife from America joined the 
Mission, but on account of ill-health were obliged to return 
home in 1872. The Mission had meanwhile been transferred 
to Jubbulpore. Mr. Charles Gay ford came out in 1873, and in 
1874 the Mission was moved to Sohagpur. Here one of the 
first conversions took place, that of a young Brahman. The 
Mission was finally fixed in 1875 at Hoshungabad, the im- 
portant towns of Sohagpur, Itarsi, and Seonee, being still 
frequently visited for bazaar preaching. The foundation stone 
of the mission-house at Hoshungabad was laid early in 1876. 
Mr. Gayford left for England in the spring of 1879. The Mis- 
sion had meanwhile been strengthened by the arrival from 
England of Mr. Samuel Baker and Mr. John H. Williams in 
December, 1878. Sohagpur, which had been regularly visited 
for several years previously, was occupied early in 1882. There 
are now 36 Native Christians. Boys' and Girls' day-schools and 
Sunday-schools are in full operation, and a handsome church- 
building has been erected in the city, which was opened in 
November, 1880. A girls' orphanage and a small hospital have 

been opened. -^ 

SECRETAEIES. 

Home Secretary. — H. S. Newman, Esq., Leominster, England. 

Indian Secretary. — J. II. Williams, Sohagpur, C. P. 



MEMBEES OF THE MISSION. 

BaIvEr, Samuel. B, at Clontarf, Dublin, Apr. 21, 1856. A Dec. 
1878. H. in Apr, 1885. Ad 39, Botanic Av., Belfast, Ireland. 

Gayford, Charles. Ar 1873, S Jubbulpore and Hoshungabad, To 
Eng. in 1879. Rt. 1885. Ad. Hoshingahad, C. P. 

Williams, John Handayside. r>, at Edinbur2:h, Feb. 22, 1841. A 
Dec. 1878. Ad. Sohagpur, C P. 



FvETIEED MISSIONARY. 
Elkanah P.eavd. A. 18G9, S. Benares. R. to America in 1872. 

( 229 ) 



OHAPTER XXTX. 

THE GERMAN EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

The German Evangelical Mission Societ}^ in the United 
States of America was organized in 1866. It is supported by 
German Congregations of different denominations, as Germans, 
Dutch Reformed, German Presbyterians and Evangelicals, etc. 
Its operations are confined to India, where it began its labors 
in 1869, sending the Rev. Oscar Lohr to open the Mission. He 
arrived at Raepore, Central Provinces, in 1869, and bought a 
tract of waste land about 36 miles distant, and built mission 
houses : he collected a number of 5'oung Chamars who were 
trained as school-masters, and are now, after having been con- 
verted, employed as school-masters, readers, and catechists. A 
colony of Christian cultivators was also founded, and several 
schools established in surrounding villages. A mission was 
opened at Raepore in 1871. 

The statistics for 1885 are as follows : 

Missionaries, ... ... ••• 4 

Native Christians, ... ... .,. 530 

Communicants, ... ... ... 234 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

JosT, J. B. in Pomerania, Prussia. A. 1885. Ad. Bisrampore, C. P, 

LoHR, Theodore Oscar B. in Silesia, Prussia, March 24, 1824. 
In 1850 was sent to I. by the Kev. Mr. Gossner to join the Mission 
among the Kols in Chota Nagpore, where he laboured until the Mutiny 
in 1858. Went that year to America and laboured as minister of the Ger- 
man Eeformed Church in the state of ISTew Jersey. In 1868 was sent out 
again to India by the German Evangelical Society (U. S. A.) to establish 
a Mission in some part of India unoccupied by any Society. A. in 
Raepore, May, 1869, where lie has since labored. W. entirely ver. L. 
(1) A Hindi Catechism : (2) A Hindi Hymn-hook : (3) A Hindi Primer : 
Mission Press, Bisrampore. Ad. Bisrampore (Baepore district), €. P. 

Stoll, a. B. in Switzerland. A. 1870. Ad. Eaepore, C. P. 

Tanner, Th. B. in Switzerland. A. 1885. Ad. Baepore, C. P. 



RETIRED MISSIONARIES. 

J. Hauser. A. in 1873. R. to America in 1876. 

J. J. Weiss. A. in 1874. R. to America in 1876. 

( 230 ) 



CHAPTER XXX. 

THE INDIAN HOME MISSION TO THE SANTALS. 

This interesting and flourishing Mission was begun in 18^* 
by the Kev. Messrs. Boerresen and Skrefsrnd, the one a Dan©? 
the other a Norwegian. It is not connected with any Mission- 
ary Society. Concerning its methods of work and present 
status one of the missionaries gives the following account : 

" AVe work on the principle of preaching : to concentrate 
our labor in a certain limited circle, hoping when the people 
therein are Christianized, they will spread the Gospel of their own 
accord in all directions, the circle being our stronghold : we 
endeavour to get the converts (who are not taken to the station 
but remain in their villages and calling) to extend the King- 
dom of Christ gratis ; we attach ourselves in our preaching 
to the traditions of the people in which traces are found of the 
original light of God. We have almost exclusively Christian 
schools : we believe in the missionary living only in the very 
midst of the people, not in civil stations, hence we live by our- 
selves surrounded only by Santals : we do not direct our 
preaching to the individual principally, but to the individual 
as one of the people, i. e., our endeavour is to impress the people 
— "Ye men of Santalistan" — and get them to act and react 
upon one another. By a council some five or six years ago we 
got the heathen to agree not to put the Christians out of the 
community, but to eat with them, and even to intermarry 
if any one should choose to do so, on the principle that the 
Christians worship the creator of heaven and earth, of which 
their traditions tell : our Christians do not intermarry with them 
(they keep the heathen partner), but by heathen decree it is 
open to them. We have a nominal Christian population of 
about 4,000 ; communicants, about 3,500. The Christians live in 
about 150 villages, and are divided into 30 churches. We have 
four ordained Santal helpers : 57 Elders who visit all the churches ; 
and four Deaconesses to visit their own sex ; the first of these get 
two rupees a month for a time, and the latter one rupee ; these are 
the only ones paid for religious work, and as we are getting better 
off Elders, and the churches stronger, we will do away with even 
this pay. 

We have one principal station, Ebeuezer, and twelve out- 
statious I three missionaries, and two European school-musters, 

( 231 ) 



232 Indian Mission aey Directohy. 

two training schools, one containing 80 boys, the other 130 
girls ; and 45 village schools. Grammar, Dictionary, school- 
books, works on Traditions and Institutions have been prepar- 
ed, but not all printed, as is the case with the New Testament, 
and a larger Hymn-book with notes. A printing-press was 
presented to the Mission in 1880 by friends at home. 

An agricultural colony or Christian settlement was es- 
tablished in 1880 in western Assam, quite a number of Santhali 
families emigrating from Bengal. The experiment has proved 
very successful ; the colony now contains several hundred Christian 
farmers : a church large enough to accommodate 1,000 people 
has been built, and schools have been opened. For several 
years the affairs of the colony have been in the hands of Count 
Moltke, an honorary missionary, who recently returned to Europe." 

[L. 0. S.] 

The statistics mentioned above (for 1885) indicate the follow- 
ing progress since 1881 : — 

Native Ordained Agents 5 increase ... 3 

Native Christians ... 4,273 do. ... 1,271 

Communicants ... 3.500 do. ... 1,500 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Berg, Oscar, A. 1882. Ad. Ehenezer, Bengal. 

BoERRESEN, Hans Peter. B. in Copenhagen, Nov. 29, 1825. Or. 
in Copenhagen, A. in connection with Gossner's Society, April G, 1865. 
In 1867 helped to found the Santal Mission. Has since labored at Ehen- 
ezer. H. to Europe, 1876-77. Is Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Mission. Ad. Ehenezer (via Eampore Haut, E. I. R.), Bengal 

BuNKHOLDT, Th. B. Ar. in Dec. 1874 to labor as a school-master. 
Is a Norwegian. Ad. Ehenezer, Bengal. 

MusTON, H.ARIXGTON James. B. at Midna]3ore, July 11, 1846. 
A. Dec. 11, 1866, joined the Mission Feb 26, 1878. Has labored since 
at Ehenezer. Ad. Ehenezer, Bengal. 

Fitlio, Or. 1884. Ad. DiimJca, Ehenezer, Bengal, 

Sibil, Or, 1884. Ad. Basetkundi, Ehenezer, Bengal. 

Siram. Or. 1875. Ad. Goalpara, Assam. 

vSkrefsurd, L. 0. Ar. in connection with Gossner's Society in 1865. 
In 1867 became one of the founders of the Santal Mission. Has prepared 
a Grammar, Dictionary, and several other books in Santali. In 1873 
failing health compelled him to proceed to Europe on furlough. Rt. in Dec. 
1874. H. 1881-83. Ad. Ehenezer {via Rampore Haut, E. I. R), Bengal. 

Sima. Or. 1884. Ad. Tilabani, Ehenezer, Bengal. 

Siirju, Or. 1875. Ad. SapadoJia, Ehenezer ^ Bengal, 



CHAPTER XXXJ. 

THE CANADIAN BAPTIST TELUGU MISSION. 

This Mission was established about 1868 by the Rev. Thomas 
Gabriel, -vvho resigned a Government situation and began traveling 
among the villages, and preaching to the Telugus, being dependent 
upon his own resources. In 1870 he was ordained as an evangelist 
at Madras. He continued to labor, and the membership increased 
to 75, with several teachers and preachers. Funds faihng, the 
Mission was offered through the Rev. J. McLaurin to the Baptists 
of* Canada, who took it up and appointed Mr. McLaurin to C^ocanada 
in March 1874. 

The Mission became more distinctly Canadian in 1875 by 
the co-operative union entered into by the Baptists of the West- 
ern and Maritime Provinces of the dominion, which resulted in 
sending out four families from the maritime Provinces. 

The work of the Mission is now carried on in various places 
from the Kistna river to Orissa, and in the Jeypore country. Six 
stations have been occupied, and a Theological School opened. 

The following statistics (1885) indicate the progress since 1881 : 
Foreign Missionaries 9 ... increase ... 2 

Native Christians ... 4,500 ... do. ,., 2,682 
Communiccints ,,. 1,870 ... do. ... 1,016 



SECRETAEIES 

tT-.„r^ ^,r ..,.,- 1 'f "E Eev J. W A. Stewaut, Hamilton .Canada. 

\ Joiix Marcpi, iiiSQ, St. John, N. B. Canada. 
Indian Secretaky. — The Eev. J. E. Stillwell, Samulcotla, 
Madras P. 



MEMBEES OF THE MISSIOIS^ 

AiiCHiRALD, Isaac Chipman. B. Stewiacke, Colchester Co., 
Nova Scotia, Jan. 9, 1852. Graduated, Acadia Col.. Wolfvillc, N. S. 
1880, XcAYton Thcol. Seni., Nev/ton Centre, Mass. 1880-82. Or. Oct. 
26, 1882. A. Jan. 2, 1883. S. Bobbili and (Ad.) Bimlipatam, Madras P. 

AuvACHE, F. W. Or. Nov. 10, 1885. A. Mar. 2, 1886. Ad. 
Cocanada, Madras P. 

Ba'jrali, Bagaciia. Or. ISSl, Ad, ALalatampara, Ganjaut, Mad- 
ras P. 

(233; 



2o4 Indian Mlssionaky Dir.ECTOEY. 

Biirdcr, Jonalliaa. Or. 1882. Ad. Cocanada, Madras P. 

Churchill, George. B. Hartford, Nova Scotia, Jan, 18, 1842. 
Or. Aug. 12, 1873. A. July 10, 1875. S. first Siam, afterwards, 
Bobbin. H. to Australia, 187G. H. to, Canada, 1884. 

Craig, John. B. Yorkville, Canada, June 4, 1852. Or. Nov. 
17, 187G. A. Jan. 4, 1878. S. Cocanada, 1878-80, Akidu, since Nov. 
1880. H. to Canada 1884-85. Ad. Cocanada, Madras P. 

Hutchinson, J. R. B. 1859, in Nova Scotia. Or. Sept. 1881. A. 
Dec. 1881. L. " Rajasekhara" Tr. from Telugu — " Christian College 
Magazine." Ad. Chicacole, Ganjam. 

Karre, Peter. B. 1848. Or. Jan. 2Q, 1881 Ad. Gunnanajmdi, 
Kistna, Madras P. 

MeLaurin, John. B. x\ug. 0, 1839, Carleton County, Ontario, 
Canada. Called to the ministry in 1863. Graduated at Col. in 1868. 
Or. July 24, 1868. M. Oct. 12, 1869. A. Feb. 11, 1870. Labored in 
connection with the A. B. M. U. at Ramapatam two years, and at On- 
golc two years : work wholly ver. In March, 1874, took charge of the 
mission at Cocanada. H. to Canada 1879-81. L. two books, ''on Bap- 
tism," one in English, the other in Telugu: both out of print. S. 
Theological Seminary, Samu^cotta. Ad. Samulcotta Madras P, 

Sanford, Rufus. B. Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, April 7, 1842. Or. 
Billtown, Cornwalhs, Aug. 20, 1873. A. at Rangoon, Jan. 21, 1874, at 
Cocanada, July 24, 1875. H. to Canada, 1885. 

Stillwell, John R. B. Cheapside, Can., Jan. 15, 1855. Or. 
July 21, 1885. A. Oct. 9, 1885. Ad. Samulcotta, Madras P. 



DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

Thomas Gabriel Converted early in life, and ]oii:ed the Evangelical Luthe- 
ran Church at Rajamandry. He was at this time connected with the tele- 
o-raph department. While in Madras, in 1867, he united with the Baptist 
Church. On returning to Cocanada he began preaching, and in order to devote 
himself wholly to this work, he resigned his position. He joined the mission of 
the Plymouth Brethren at Nursapur, where he labored about a year. After 
this he labored independently. Or. us an evangelist at Madras in 1870, and 
continued to labor at Cocanada until his death, Jan. 1, 1875. 

Americus V. Timpany. B. Dec. 21, 1840, at Vienna, Ontario, Canada. 
Licensed in 1860. Took literary and Thcol. courses at Woodstock, Ontario. 
Pastoral w^ork for two vcars in Western Ontario. Or. at Brantford, Oct. 14, 
and M. Oct. 15, 1867. A. in connection with A. B. M. U., April 5. 1868. S. 
Nellore, 1868-70 : Ramapatam, 1870-76 : In 1876 joined the Canadian Mis- 
sion W. ver. L. " Compendium of Theology '" (Telugu), Madras. H. 1876-78 : 
Cocanada, 1879-85. D. Feb. 19. 1885. 

George F. Currie. B. Fredericton, N. B., March 8, 1844. Or. at 
Andover, N. B. July 29, 1874. A. Fel) . 12, 1876, S. Cocanada, 1876, 
Tuni 1878. 11. to Canada 1884. June 1885, L. '' Church Maniial"' translated 
into Telugu. D.. July 31,4886. 



CHAPTER XXXIL 
ORIGINAL SECESSION CHURCH OF SCOTLAND MISSION. 

This Mission dates from the year 1872. The first missiouary, 
the Rev. G. Anderson, is still in the field. Seoni is the only station 
thus far occupied. An orphanage was opened in 1875 and a 
school in 1876. 

The number of Native Christians at the close of 1885 was 53, 
of whom 6 were communicants. 

SECRETARIES. 

Home Secy. — The Rev, W. B. Gardiner. Pnllokshaws, Glasgow, 
Scotland. 

Indian Secy. — The Rev, G, Anderson, Seoni, C. P. 



MISSIONARY. 

Anderson, George. A. Dec. IB, 187L W. at first chiefly ver. 
Also Engl, preaching from the beginning. H. 1879-81. Ad. Scouk Chha- 
para, 0. P. 



RETIRED MISSIONARY. 

Edward White. Or. 1881. A. in Nov. 1881. W. Cliieflv edncational. H, 
in Dec. 1885. R. 188G. 



(230) 



CHAPTER XXXITI. 
THE CANADIAN PRESBYTERIAN MISSION. 

This Mission commenced work in Central India in the begin- 
nino- of 1877, previous to which, however, Canadian Presbyterian 
IMissionaries had laboured in connection with other missions in 
diiferent parts of India. 

The field is large and populous, and though opposition has 
been suffered from a few of those in authority, the people generally 
are accessible and often friendly. 

The work is carried on through the same means as in other 
missions : — preaching, including itinerancy, schools for boys and 
girls, including a High School at Indore, Zenana visitation, 
medical work, colportage, printing press at Indore. The follow- 
ing are the statistics for 1885 : 

Native Christians, ... ••■ ... 126 

Communicant*. ... ... ... 72 

[J. F. C] 



SECRETAPJES. 
The Rev. T. Wa 

Indian SECUETAr.v.—TiiE Rev. R. C. Mit.ray, Mhow, C.I. 



Home Secretary. — The Rev. T. Wardrope, D.D. Guelj>h, Oat. 
Canada. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Builder, J. Ar. Dec. 1883. Ad. Mhow, C. I. 

Campbell, James Eraser. B. Badderk, Nova Scotia, Canada, 
Oct. 16,1845. Or. Oct. 19, 1871. Ar. Dec. 6, 1876. S. Madras: 
Mhow, from July 1877 to April 1884. H. till Nov. 1885 : since, 
Rutlam. Ad. Butlam, C. I. 

Murray, R. C. Ar. 1885. Ad. Mhow, C. I. 

WiLKiE, John. B. in Fifeshire, Scotland, Aug. 2, 1851. Or.. 
in Canada, Sept. 10, 1870. A. Dec. 22, 1879. Ad. Indore. 

Wilson, W. A. B. Oct. 16, 1851, in Canada. Or. Nov. 19, 
1878. A. Dec. 9, 1884. S. Mhow, eight months : since, Sept. 1885. 
at (Ad.) Nefmuch. C. 1. 



RETIRED MISSIONARY. 
J. M. Douglass. A. in Dec. 1876. R. ]\Iar. 1882. 

(236) 



r^HAPTER XXXTV. 
SWEDISH EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY, 

This Society has its head-quarters at Stockholm. In 1877 it 
sent to India four missionaries. At the close of 1878 two stations, 
Saugor and Narsingpur, were occupied. Chiudwara and BetuI 
were subsequently occupied. 

In 1885 the Native Christian community numbered 34, of 
whom 16 were communicants. 



SECEETARIES. 

Home Secy. — Rev. Mr. Hammar, Stoclholm, Sweden, 
Indian Secy. — Rev. N. E. Lundborg, Saugor, C. P. 



MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY. 

Carlsson, p. Ar. Dec. 1880. Ad. BetuI, C. P. 

Danielsson, Anders Gustaf. B. Westgotland, Sweden, Dec. 23 
1849. Ed. Miss. Col., Stockholm. A. Dec. 14, 1877. Ad. ChiiuU 
wara, C. P. 

Ekholm, F. G., Esq. A. Dec. 1881. Ad. BetuI, C. P. 

IwAR, K. A. Ar, Dec. 25, 1884. Ad. Beful, C. P. 

Lindroth, C. F. B. July 21, 1858. Or. Aug. 30, 1883. Ar, 
Dec. 25, 1884. Ad. Narsingpur, C, P, 

Lundborg, N. E. Ar. Dec. 1878. Ad. Saugor, C. P. 

RuTHGRisT, John, Esq. A. 1885, Ad. Chindvmra, C. P. 

Valentine, Oscar. Ar. Dec, 2b, 1884. Ad. Chhuhvara, C. P. 



(237) 



r^HAPTER XXXY. 
iMERICAN FREE METHODIST MISSION. 

The Free Methodists of the United States sent their first 
missionary to India in 1880. Mr. Ward estabUshed a mission 
station at Burhampur, C. P., in October, 1881, and has since 
labored here. A Church has not yet been formed. Including two 
zenana missionaries, who recently arrived, there are four foreign 
workers. 

The Rev. C. B. Ebey, 207, Walnut St., Chicago, 111., U. S. A., 
is Cor. Secretary of the Society, 



MISSIONARY. 

Ward, Ernest F. B. Apr. 25, 1853, at Elgin, 111., U. S. A. Or. 
Oct. 10, 1880. A. Jan. 16, 1881. Remoyed from Ellichpur to Burhampur, 
in Oct. 1881. Ad. Burhampur, C. P. 



(238) 



CHAPTEB XXXVl. 
MISSION OF DISCIPLES Or CHRIST. 

The Disciples of Christ of the United States of America have 
two mission stations in the Central provinces. In 1883 the first 
station was located at Hurda by the Rev. G. L. Wharton. Schools 
and Smiday-schools have been opened, and a book-shop is kept 
open in the city. 

The second station is Bilaspur, occupied in 1885. At both 
stations zenana work is carried on by the ladies. There have been 
baptisms at both places. At the close of 1885 there were 8 Native 
Christians in the Mission, all communicants. There are three 
missionaries and four zenana missionaries : the missionaries' wives 
also take an active part in the work. 



SECRETARIES. 

Home Secy. — The Rev. A. McLean, Clnc'mnaii, Ohio, U. S. A, 
Indian Secy. — The Rev. G. L. Wharton Hurda, C, P. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Adams, M. D. B. in U. S. A. Ar. Nov. 1883. Ad. Bilaspur, 
C. P. 

Jack.son, George Walker. B. at Hackuess, Yorkshire, Eng., 
Aug. 28, 1855. Or. as a Wesleyan missionary, Sept. 16, 1880. A. Nov. 
13, 1880. S. Benares, 1881, Jabalpur, 1882-84. H. to Eng. and Ame- 
rica from Mar. 1881, to Dec. 1885. Views changed on Baptism ; re- 
turned to India Jan. 1, 1886, in connection with the Disciples' Mission. 
Ad. Bilaspur, C. P. 

Wharton, G. L. B. in Ind., U. S. A., July 17, 1817. Or. in 
July, 1872. Pastor in Buffalo, N. Y, 1876-82. A. Nov. 7, 1882, and 
opened the Mission in Hurda in Feb. 1883. Ad. Hurda, C. P. 



(239) 



CHAPTER. XXXVll. 

SCOTCH EPISCOPAL CHURCH MISSION. 

A Mission under the auspices of this Church was opened at 
Chanda, Central Provinces, in 1870, by the Rev. G. T. Carruthers, 
formerly Chaplain of Nagpore. The first Missionary was the Rev. 
Nehemiah Goreh. There are now 28 Native Christians in connec- 
tion with the Mission, of whom 8 are communicants: an orphanage 
has been established, containing 10 orphans: a boys' vernacular 
school has an attendance of 40. 

MJSSIONAKY. 

Jacob, Israel. Or. 1877; 1882. Ad. Chanda, Central Provinces. 



(240) 



CHAPTER XXXVllL 

PRIVATE AND INDEPENDENT MISSIONS. 

I.— THE GOD A VERY DELTA MISSION 

The idea of this Mission originated with the late Mr. A. N. 
Groves, who, returning to England from India about 1834, induced 
Messrs. William Bowden and George Beer to come to India and 
labor among the Telugus. They arrived at Masulipatam in August 
1836, and in 1837 began the Mission at Narsapur. They conti- 
nued preaching and teaching six years before the first convert wa^ 
gained. There has been a gradual increase in the number of con- 
verts since. 

Mr. Beer died in 1853 and Mr. Bowden in 1876 : they have 
been succeeded by their sons. 

An Anglo-vernacular school has been established at Narsa- 
pur, also a Boarding-school. There are several village schools. 

The statistics are about the same as in 1871 : there are five 
European missionaries (unordained) : 1,000 Native Christians : 
350 communicants. In December, 1885, three zenana mis- 
sionaries arrived. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Beer, Charles Henry. A. 1866. Ad. Narsapur, Madras P. 

Bowden, Edwin Skinner. B. in Masulipatam, Oct. 26, 1845. 
Went to Eng. in 1851. Et. 1870. Joined the Mission in June, 1876. 
Ad. Narsapur, Madras P. 

Heelis, Thomas. Joined the Mission in 1855, W, preaching. Ad. 
Narsapur, Madras P. 

Macrae, F. Ar. Dec. 1876. Now in Scotland, 

Miles, E. Joined the Mission, Jan. 1881. Ad. Narsapur, Madras P. 



DECEASED MISSIONARIES. 

George Beer. A. 1836. D, 1853. 

William Bowden. A. 1836. D. 1876. 

John William Beer. A. 1861. S. Narsapur. D. Oct. li, 1881. 



( 211 ) 



2i2 Indian Missionary Dihectory. 

II.— STRICT BAPTIST MISSION. 

This Mission was originated twenty-five years ago, at Heppel 
Street Chapel, London. It has twelve centres of work, eight in 
Madras and four in Ceylon, In Madras, where work was begun in 
1866, there are two stations in the Chingleput, and six in the Tinne- 
velly District. There are 7 chapels, 9 day-schools with 200 pupils 
and five Sunday-schools. The statistics for 1885 are as follows: — 
Foreign missionaries ... ... 2 

Native ordained agents ... • • • 3 

Native Christians ... .-• 300 

Communicants ... ... 200 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Arulappen, J. C. Or. 1880. Ad. Christianpettali^ North Titinevelly. 
Doll, H. F. B. in I. Is in charge of St. Thomas' Mount and 
Poonamallee. Ad. Peramhore, Madras. 

DoLLj W. A H. B. in I. Ad. Koilputti, North Tinnevelly, 
John, Jacob. Or. 1886. Ad. St. Thomas' Mount, Madras. 
Michael, Abel. Or. 1886, Ad. Poonamallee, Madras. 



III.— THE PUNRUTTI MISSION. 

This Mission was commenced in May, 1871, by Mr. C. W. 
Reade. It was at first carried on by Native helpers : afterwards 
Miss C. M. Reade (accompanied by Miss Lowe) came out from 
England and took charge of the work. An orphanage has been es- 
tablished and a dispensary opened; there are two out-stations. 
Much attention is given to open-air preaching. The Mission is 
conducted on the principles of the Plymouth Brethren. 

At present the Native Christian community numbers 20, 
communicants 10. Miss C. M. Reade (now in Europe) has 
charge of the Mission. Ad. Funrutti, Arcot^ Madras P. 



lY.—MISSION TO LEPERS IN INDIA. 

SECRETARIES. 

Home Secv.— AVellf.sley C. Bailey, Esq., 17, Glengyle Terr,, 
JUdinhurgh. 

In^i^ijlN Secy.— The Rey. J. H. Bujdpe>-'. Almura, 



PrTVATK AXD IXDEPENDKNT MISSIONS'. 243 

This Mission was commenced by Mr. W. C Bailey, a mis- 
sionary of the Church of Scotland, in 1874 : head-quarters 
Dublin. Its objects are to relieve the sufferings cf, and preach 
the Gospel to, lepers in India ; the work is carried on by aiding 
existing Leper Asylums in connection with various J\Iissions 
and building other Asylums where necessary. At present opera- 
tiona are carried on at Kashmir, superintended by Dr. Neve ; 
Tarn Taran, superintended by Rev. G. Guilford ; Subathu, by 
A. Rudolph ; Dehra, by Native Brethren ; Almora, by Rev. J. H. 
Budden ; Lohardugga, by Rev. F. Hahn ; Calcutta, by Rev. Dr. 
Baumann ; and Alleppey, by Rev. W. J. Richards. 

The work has been greatly owned of God during the last five 
years; there are many Christians among the lepers. 



v.— BETHEL SANTHAL MISSION. 

This Mission dates from 1875, when Mr. Haegert visited 
the place and began preaching. During the years 1883-85, 196 men 
and women were baptized. At present the Native Christian com- 
munity numbers upwards of 500, living in forty villages ; there are 
280 communicants. Thirty village schools have been opened : of 
these eighteen have been closed on account of the frequent bap- 
tisms : two training schools have been established : twenty native 
preachers are at work in the villages. The Mission staff consists of 
five Europeans, all ladies, except Mr. Haegert. A hospital ha^ 
been opened at Bethel, where more than 16,000 patients from 
150 villages have been treated. There are ten out-stations. The 
Mission is supported by private funds and subscriptions. 



MISSIONARY. 

Haegert, Albert Eudolph Ernst. B. Nov. 2, 1844, at Auclam, 
Germany. Arrived in India May 21, 1868. Was engaged in business 
four years, and left the Public Works Department in January, 1873, to 
join the Indian Home Mission to the Santals. In April, 1875, opened 
an independent mission among the Santals at Bethel. Visited Eng. 
in 1880 ; returned with a medical diploma. Ad. Bethel, via Jamtara 
(E. I. R.), Bengal 



VI.— THE KOORKOO MISSION. 

This Mission was commenced in 1875, by the Rev, A. Norton, 
who lived at Ellichpoor until 1879, On his rkurn to India several 



244- Indian Mibsionaby Directory. 

years later the name was changed to the Koorkoo Mission. There 
are now 12 Native Christians in the Mission, of whom 5 are 
communicants. 



MISSIONAKY. 



Norton, Albert. B. at Alabama, N. Y., U. S. A., Mar. 21, 1847. 
E, at Evanston, III. graduating from the North-western Univ. and, in 
1872, from Garrett Biblical Institute. A. in Nov. 1872, being con- 
nected with the Methodist Episcopal Church Mission. Labored several 
months at Bombay, and afterwards in Central India. In 1874-75 he 
opened an independent mission at Ellichpoor, withdrawing from the 
Methodist Church. H. to America in Aug. 1879. L. Koorkoo 
Vocabulary, 1879: Koorkoo First Book, 1884: Koorkoo Song- 
book (in press). Ad. Bhaisdehi^ Betul, C. P. 



VII.— THE GOPALGUNGE MISSION. 

Bose, Mathoora Nath, B. in Jessore, 1843. Or. in the Free 
Mission Church, Calcutta, March 2, 1874. Set apart to labor 
among the Chandals of Gopalgunge, Farreedpore, where he has 
since been stationed. During the year 1875 he baptized 11 
persons, who form the nucleus of a Christian community. At 
present there are 95 Native Christians ; of whom 45 are com- 
municants. L. Autobiography (Engl.) ; Hymn-book and '' Com- 
fort for Mourners," in Bengali. Ad. Gopalgunge^ Bengal. 



VIIL— COLAR FAITH MISSION. 

This Mission was opened in 1877 by Miss Anstey, who is 
still in charge. A flourishing orphanage has been established ; 
in 1881 this contained 146 orphans. At present the Native 
Christian community numbers 258, of whom 90 are communi- 
cants. 



IX.— THE CULLIS FAITH MISSION. 

Dr. Cullis, of Boston, U. S. A., sent two ladies as mission- 
aries to India at the close of 1877. These began work at Basim, 
West Berar, in 1878, where an orphanage was established. In 
1885 the Mission was reinforced by the arrival of the Rev. B. 
B. Scott from America : the Rev. W. A. Moore joined m India. 



Private and Independent Missions. 245 

Besides carrying on work at Basim and Khamgaon, the Willard 
Tract Repository, 326 Grant Road, Bombay, is also under the 
auspices of this Mission. The number of Native converts is not 
large. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Moore, William Arnold. B. in Bolarum, Beccan, July 26, 1857. 
Entered South India Conference (Methodist Episcopal Church) in 1880 ' 
S. Madras, 1880 ; Bellary, 1881-82, Telugu Mission, 1883-84. Located 
at the end of 1884, and joined the Cullis Mission in 1885. Ad. Basim 
W. Bevar. 

Scott. B. B. After several years of pastoral work in America, A. in 
1885. Ad. Khamgaon, W. Berar. 



X. -TELUGU FAITH MISSION. 

This Mission was founded in 1880 by the Rev. C. B. Ward 
then a member of the South India Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, now a '' local preacher " connected with the 
same Church. The head-quarters of the Mission are near Secun- 
derabad, Deccan. The Mission staff comprises, includino- ladies 
seven European workers. There are two orphanages ; the Native 
Christian community numbers 95, of whom 75 are communicants. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

Bennett, Vernon E. B. in Minn,, U. S. A. Ar. in 1880. S. 
Calcutta one year, since, in Telugu Mission. Ad. Secunderabad, Deccan. 

Reynolds, B. W. B. in Mo., U. S. A. Ar. 1885. Ad. Secutiderabad, 
Deccan. 

Smoots, M. B. in Ohio, U. S. A. Ar. 1885. Ad. Secunderabad, 
Deccan. 

Ward, Charles Benjamin. B. in Kendall Co., III., U. S A 
March 23, 1853. Or. at Pekin, III, Sept. 24, 1876. A. Dec. 22, 1876' 
S. 1877-79, Bellary, since, in charge of Telugu Mission, in the North- 
eastern part of the Nizam's Dominions. Ad. Secunderabad, Deccan. 



XI.-AKOLA FAITH MISSION. 

This Mission dates from Oct. 1884, when the Rev. Mr. Fuller 
arrived at Akola and began work. The Native Christian com- 



24G Indian Missionary Directory. 

mimity numbers 20, of whom 16 are communicants (including the 
girls in the school, superintended by Miss Sisson and Miss Ballon). 



MISSIONARY. 

Fuller, Marcus Bell. B. Oct. 13, 1852, at Nelson, Portage Co., 
O., U. S. A. Ed. at Oberlin (M. A. and B. D). Or. June 27, 1881. A. 
Apr. 18, 1882 : spent 8 months at EUichpoor, 7 months at Basim, 14 
months at Akote; since, Oct, 1884 at (Ad.) Akola, Berar. 



XIL— MALVALLI FAITH MISSION. 

Redwood, William Alfred. B. at Clayhidon, Devon, Eng., 
Jan. 20, 1856. Ed. at Miss. Col. under Mr. Guinness, London. 
A. Mar. 1, 1883. Labored at Colar, in charge of the orphanage a 
year or more, until Nov. 1885. Removed to Malvalli to open a 
new Mission in Dec. 1885. Ad. Malvalli, Mysore, 



XIII.— PURITY MISSION, BOMBAY. 

Gladwin, Wallace Jonathan. B.August 15, 1842, at Corn- 
ing, New York, U. S. A. Labored two and a half years in the 
" Christian Commission," 1864-66. Entered the ministry in 
1866. ^ Pastoral work in Missouri and Arkansas until 1871. Arrived 
in India, Dec. 14, 1871. Labored at Cawnpore three years, and at 
Agra, Nagpore, Secunderabad, Bombay, etc. Work chiefly EngUsb. 
Married'Jan. 3, 1874. Established and for some years conducted 
the India Methodist Watchman, monthly. Joined the Salvation 
Army upon its arrival in India, Sept. 19, 1883. Labored in that 
connection in Madras, Ceylon, etc. Commenced the Indian Purity 
Trumpet in Dec. 1885. Ad. Bombay. 

XIV.— ANGLO-INDIAN EVANGELIZATION SOCIETY. 

This Society has for its object Evangelistic work specially 
among scattered European communities in India and English- 
speaking natives. The Rev. J. Fordyce, 7, Adam St., Strand, 
London, is General Secretary : Secretary in India, the Rev. H G 
E. De St. Dalmas, Poena. 

De St. Dalmas, H. G. Emeric. B. 1846, in Eng. Or. 
and A. in 1872 in connection with the Baptist Miss. Society, 
Labored at Agra, Chitoura, Muttra, and Ulwar from 1878-80 : 
as an independent Missionary in Ulwar 1880-82. H. to Eno-. 
1882. Rt. in connection with the Anglo-Indian Evan. Society. 
Ad, Poona, 



Private And Independent Missions. 2J:7 

XV.— THE AGRA MEDICAL MISSION. 

Valentine, Colin Strachan (L. R. C. S. Ed., L. R, C. P. Ed.) 
B. Brechin, Forfarshire, Scotland, June 7, 183 i. A. as Medical Mis- 
sionary of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, Nov. 12, 1861. 
S. Beawr, 1862-66 ; Jeypore, 1866-78. Went to Scotland in 1879. 
Ret. to I. in 1881, as Superintendent, Agra Medical Missionary Training 
Inst. L. Several Hindi and Urdu Tracts. H. 1882. Now in Europe. 
(During Dr. Valentine's absence the Mission has been superintend- 
ed by the Rev. P. T. Wilson, M. D., now in charge.) 



XVI.— OTHERS. 

HoBBs, William Ayers. B. Margate, Kent, April 12, 1828. Or. 
Margate, July, 1859. A, Dec. 11,1859. S. Jessore, 1859-69 ; H. 
to Eng. 1869-71 ; Beerbhoom, 1871-76. Resigned in 1876 on account 
of bad health. Rt. 1879 as a private missionary. L. (1) " Christ- 
ianity God's Revelation to man " (in Engl.) ; (2) " The Gospel in 
Twenty paragraphs" (Engl, and Bengali) ; (3) '' An Aid to Light and 
Life. (Engl, and Bengali) ; Calcutta. Now in Europe. 

Prautch, Arthur W. B. July 10, 1866, in Oshkosh, Wis., U. S. 
A. Ar. Oct. 8, 1881. S. Ellichpur, 1884-85, since, Bombay, Supdt. 
" Seamen's Rest." Ad. Bombay. 

Thomas, W. A. B. at Benares Mar. 31, 1847. Or. by Bishop Foster, 
Dec. 24, 1882 ; by Bishop Hurst Dec. 14, 1884, (South India Conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church). Since the beginning of 1885 
has labored independently. Ad. Moheshmonda, (E, I. R.) Bengal, 



CHAPTER XXXIX, 

DISCONTINUED MISSIONS. 

I.— MADRAS MISSION, AMERICAN BOARD. 

This Mission was founded in 1836, the Rev. Messrs. Wins- 
low and Scudder being designated by the Ceylon Mission to open 
the work. They arrived in Madras in September 1836, and took 
up their residences, the one at Chintadrepettah, the other at Roya- 
puram. Dr. Scudder devoted himself chiefly to preaching tours, 
and Mr. Winslow was mainly employed on a revision of the Tamil 
Scriptures. In 1838 a printing establishment was purchased of the 
Church Missionary Society, and in 1840 Mr. Hunt arrived as a 
printer. Thousands of Scripture portions in various native languages 
were printed at the expense of Bible and Tract Societies. In 
1842 a Church was erected at Royapuram. About this time the 
Mission was reinforced from Ceylon and Madura. In 1848 a 
house of worship w^as opened at Chintadrepettah. Including children, 
the two congregations at Madras numbered 1,000. Dr. Scudder 
and Mr. Winslow continued the chief workers of the Mission. 
The former, while recruiting his health at the Cape of Good Hope, 
ended his labours in January, 1855. In the same year Mr. 
Winslow visited America, returning in 1858. About 1855 the 
English portion of the printing establishment was sold. The 
vernacular department was carried forward with great energy 
and success. In 1858 the printing of the Scriptures in Tamil 
amounted to 14,000,000 pages. In 1862 Mr. Wlnslow's Tamil 
and English Dictionary was completed, an elaborate and useful 
work. On account of failing health Mr. Winslow sailed for 
America in August 1864, but died on the way at Cape Town 
in October of the same year. Soon after Mr. Hunt was obliged 
to return to America to recruit his health, and as he was the 
only remaining missionary, and as it was thought that the Mission 
had accomplished its object, the Board decided to relinquish the 
field. From July, 1848, to December, 1864, the printing amount- 
ed to 228,000,000 pages of Scripture, 106,000,000 pages of 
tracts, and 110,000,000 of other works ; in all 454,000,000 pages. 
The English department had been sold, and the vernacular was 
now made over to the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. 
The Chintadrepettah station was transferred to the Church Mission- 
ary Society, and the Church building at Royapuram to the Medical 



Discontinued. Missions. '249 

Missionary Society of Eclinburoh. The schools and converts 
were also made over to other Societies, and the Board thus with- 
drew from the field. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION. 

John Scudder, M. D. B. Sept, 3, 1793, at Freehold, Monmouth 
Co,, N. J., U. -S. A. Graduated at Princeton Col. in 1813, and after- 
wards at the New York Medical. Col. United with the Reformed Dutch 
Church while in New York. Gave up his medical practice to come 
to I. Sailed (under the auspices of ^he American Board) from Boston, 
June 8, 1819 : arrived at Calcutta in Oct. of the same year, and soon 
after proceeded to Ceylon. His first station was Panditeripo, where 
he removed in July^ 1820. Aug, 8, 1820, he was licensed to preach. 
He labored in Ceylon until 1836 ; at Madras from 1836, H. to 
America 1841, While in America, 1842-46, he travelled extensively, 
making missionary addresses. Rt. in March, 1847. Soon after hig 
return he proceeded to Madura, where he labored until 1849, when he 
returned to Madras. After the death of his wife . in Nov.' 1849 his 
health was very poor, and in 1854 he consented to take a sea voyage. 
He reached the Cape of Good Hope in November ^ 1854. His health 
improving, he had engaged his return passage, when on the 13th of Jan., 
1855 he passed away to his eternal reward. (^See Memoir). 

Miron Winslow, p.D. Joined the Ceylon Mission Feb. 18, 1820. 
H. to America in 1834. With Dr. Scudder opened the Madras Mission 
in 1836. Early in 1856 he again visited America, returning in 1858 : 
while at home the degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon 
him by Harvard College. He continued Jiis literary labors until 1864, 
when his health gave way, and he was obliged to leave India. He em- 
barked Aug. 20, 1864, and reached Cape Towm on the 20th of October, 
but in an exhausted condition. -He died two days after his arrival, at 
the age of seventy-five.. AYhile in I. for many years he was Secretary 
of the Revision and Publication Committee of the Madras Bible Society, 
and gave much attention to his work.. He compiled a Tamil and 
English Dictionary, and also wrote one or more books in English. 

Samuel Hutchings. A. in Ceylon Oct. 28, 1833. Joined the Mad- 
ras Mission in April, 1842. R. to America, broken in health in 1843. 

Phinehas R. Hunt, Esq, A. at Madras, March 19, 1810, and took 
charge of the printing establishment of the Mission. He labored here 
continuously and successfully until 1866, when f ailing health obhged him 
to return to America. In June, 1868, he proceeded to China and took 
charge of the Mission Press at Peking. D. in 1879. 

John W. Dulles. A. at Madras, Feb. 20, 1849. R. 1852. to 
America. 

Isaac Newton Hurd. A. at Madras, July, 1852, Labored here 
until Aug. 27, 1858, when he R. to America. 



250 Indian Missionab,y Directoey. 

IL— MR. START'S MISSION. 

Among the private efforts made to establish Missions in India, 
that of the Rev. William Start deserves a prominent place. A man 
of means and of zealous missionary spirit, he applied to Pastor 
Gossner of Berlin for missionaries, and promised to defray the 
expense ont of his own purse. His idea was to form a Mission on 
the self-supporting Moravian plan : the candidates .were to be 
supported only till they could earn their own living, and then 
their earnings were to form a common store, and they w^ere to 
preach to the heathen. The plan had to be abandoned ; but Mr. 
Start's object was not altogether fruitless, several of the missionaries 
•entering business and doing good missionary work besides, in 
various places, until their removal by death, though Qot in connec- 
tion with the Mission. In other cases it was found better to 
leave the missionaries free from secular work, and to support them. 
Their work was all vernacular. At first the work was only in the 
Plains, Hajipur being the chief station. Thence it extended to 
Chupra and other stations, and in 1841, to the Darjeeling Hills. 
The "first missionaries were the Revs. Price and Kalberer, followed 
by three other companies in 1838, 1839, and 1810. 

Mr. Start was himself a laborer in the Indian Mission field 
some years, working in the Plains in the cold months, and in the 
Hills in the hot. His health failing, he returned to England in 
1852. From that time the work was carried on by the Rev. C. 
J. Niebel, w^ho translated portions of the Scriptures, and wrote 
several tracts in Lepcha andNepalese, and was engaged in preach- 
ing and itinerating among tie Hill tribes. 

The Mission maintained close relations with Gossner 's Mission, 
many of the missionaries joining this,. when Mr. Start was no longer 
able to support them. 

[A, W.] 



Discontinued Mission^;.. 
members of the mission. 



251 



Name. 



Nathaniel Brice 
Louis Kalberer 
A. McCnmby 
Louis Brandin 
G. Trentler 
Joachim Stolke 
Andrew Wernicke 
Gustav Holzenberg 
Charles Baumann 

Paproth 

H. Heinig 

W. Rebsch 

Maass 

Charles Stulpnagel 
Charles Damenberg" 

Kluge 

Schorisch 

W. Sternberg 

A. Rudolph 
J. F. Ullmann 
J. D. Prochnow 

•^ ^Schultze 

. Charles* G. Niebel 



Year 
OF Field of Labor. 
Arrival. 




Remarks. 



•d.1— . 

Vide P. 21 
Do. 19 
Dd. 173 



Do. 173 
Do. 17i 
Do. 18 
R. 1883. 
Vide P. 173 
Do. 173 

• Do. 173 

Do. 173 

Do. 173 

Do. 136 

Do. 136 

Do. 84 

D. 1865. 



III.— MEDICAL MISSION, BOMBAY. 

This Mission was established in 1865 : Dr. David Young 
was the first missionary: he was succeeded by Dr. Duncan Mac- 
donald, who arrived in 1868. The mission was afterwards 
abandoned for want of support. 



MEMBERS OF THE MISSION, 

David Young, Esq., M. D. Ar. in 1865. R. 1868. Now practicing 
in Florence, Italy. 

Duncan Macdonald, Esq., M. D. A, l868. On the discontinuance 
of the Missicfh, became Prof, in Grant Medical Col., and afterwards in 
the Elphinstone Col. Is also Curator of the Museum. Ad. Bombay. 



APPENDICES. 



I.— THE MARTYRED MISSIONARIES OF 1851 



Names. 



J. E. and Mrs. Freeman 
D. E. and Mrs. Campbell 
A. O. and Mrs. Johnson 
K. and Mrs. McMullin 
W. H. and Mrs. Haycock 

H. E. COCKEY 

A. E. Hubbard 
D. C. Sandys 
J. Cocks 
Louis Koch 

T.. and Mrs. Hunter 
J. Mackay 



Society or Mission. 



American Presbyterian Mission. 

Do* do. do. 

Do. do. do. 

Do, do. do. 

Gospel Propagation Society. 



Do. 
Do.. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Church of Scotland Mission. 
Baptist Missionary Society. 



Station. 



Fatehgarh. 
do. 
do. 

do. . 

Cawnpore. 

do. 

Delhi. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

Sialkot. 

Delhi. 



Appendices. 



253 



IL-^MISSIONARIES OF WOMAN'S SOCIETIES. 
Free Baptist-Mission. 



Name. 


Arrival. 


Work. 


• Eemakks. 


Mrs. H. C. Phillips 


1840 


General. 


Santipore (Jellasore.) 


Miss L. CraAvford 


1851 


Orphanage. 


D. in I. in 1882. 


Mrs. D. F. Smith 


1852 


Do." 


Balasore. 


Miss S. L. Cilley 


1873 


Zenana. 


Now Mrs. J. F. Griffin. 


MissS. R. Libbey 


1874 


Do. 


D. 1877. 


Miss M. E. French 


1874 


Do. 


R. 1876. 


Miss M. W. Bachelor • ... 


1876 


Do. 


R. 1883. 


Miss I. 0. Phillips 


1877 


School. 


Balasore, 


Miss H. P. Phillips 


1878 


Zenana. 


Do. 


Miss B. J. Hooper 


1878 


School. 


Midnapore. 


Miss Millar 


1879 . 


Do. 


Now Mrs* A. Jewson. 


Miss N. M. Phillips 


1881 


General. 


Santipore. ' 


Miss L. Coombs 


1883 


Zenana. 


Midnapore, 



Present No,*^l 



254 INDIAN MlSSlOXAEY DIRECTORY. 

Ladies' Society of the Free Church of Scotland. 



Name. 


\rrival. 


Eemarks. ^ 


Miss Laing 


1843 


R. 1857. 


Miss J. Shaw 


1844 


M. 1846. 


Miss Locker 


1846 


Now Mrs. J. Anderson. 


Miss Adamson 


1848 


M. 1850. 


Miss- J. Mc Carter 


1856 


R. 1862. 


Miss Goulding 


1858 


D. 1861. 


Miss A. Laird 


1858 


M. 1863. 


Miss Don 


1859 


D. 1860. • 


Miss E. Macniven 


1863 


E,. 1667. 


Miss M. Urquhart 


1863 


Do. 1868. 


Miss Taylor 


1864 


Do. 1870. 


Miss C. Ewing * ... 


1867 


M. 1870. 


Miss Bro^v-n «... 


1870 


E. 1875. 


Miss J. Sloan 


1872 


M. 1873. 


Miss Liddell 


1874 


D. 1875. 


Miss Griffin 


1875 


E. 1877. 


Miss E. MacRitchie 


1875 


M. 1877. 


Miss A. Eoss 


1875 


M. 1877. 


Miss Berrie 


■ 1876 


E. 1878. 


Miss A. Small 


1876 


Poona. 


Miss Man son 


I87& 


Now Mrs.. K. S. Macdonald. 


Miss Hubbard 


1876 


E. 1881. 


Miss Skirving 


1877 


Calcutta. 


Miss Mackay 


1877 


Bombay. 


Miss J. S. Paterson 


1878 


Do. 


Miss C. Paterson 


1878- 


Do. 


Miss Duncan 


1878 


E. 


Miss L. J. Wolff 


1878 


E. 1881. 


Miss Warrack 


1880 


Calcutta. 


Mrs. Milne Bae* 


1882 


Eesigned, 1884, 


Miss Brooke 


1882 


Poona. 


Miss Beaumont 


1883 


Poona. 


Miss Jane Small 


1882 


Nagpore. 


Miss Mary Stephen 


1884 


Madrag. 


Miss Isabella Small 


1884 


Nagpore. 


Miss Elizabeth Stewart 


•1884 


Calcutta. 


Miss H. Gardner 


1885 


Bombay. 


Miss Strachan 


1885 


Madras. 


Mrs. Cooi)er 




Nagpore. 



Present No. — 15. 



Appendices. 
American Baptist Missionary Union. 



255 









SXATlbN 




Name. . 


A.RRIVAL, 


Work. 


OR 

Remarks. 




Mrs. C. B. Thomas 


1850 


Zenana. 


Henthada, Burma. 




Miss A. R. Gage 


ISfiG 


Do. 


Now in America. 




Miss I. Watson 


1867 


Do. 


Bassein, Burma. 




Miss S. E. Haswell 


1867 


Do. 


Maulmain, Do. 




Miss K. F. Evans 


1871 


Do. 


Thongzai, Do. 




Miss S. B. Barrows 


1872 


Do. 


Maulmain, Do. 




Miss H. N. Eastman 


1872 


Do. 


Now in America. 




Mrs M. C. Douglass, M. d. ... 


1872 


Medical'. 


Rangoon. 




Miss E. Lawrence 


1873 


Zenana. 


Now in America. 




Mrs. H. W. Hancock 


.1874 


Do. 


Rangoon. 




Miss 0. C. Keeler 


1875 


Do. 


Nowgong, Assam. 




Miss M. Slieldon 


1876 


Do. 


Maulmain, 




Miss E. H. Payne 


1876 


Do, 


Thongzai, Burma. 




Miss S. J. Higby 


1876 


Do. 


Now in America. 




Miss L. E. Miller 


1877 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss L. E. Ratlibun 


1877 


Do. 


Maulmayi. 




Miss E. F. McAllister 


1877 


Do. 


Rangoon. 




Miss E. 0. Ambrose 


1878 


Do. 


Touiigoo. 




Miss M. Russell 


1878 


Do. 


Now Mrs. C. E. Burdette. 




Miss M. M. Day 


1878 


Do. 


Madras. 




Mrs. H. W. Mix 


1879 


Do. 


Touugoo. 




Miss A. M. Barldey 


1879 


Do. 


Now in America. 




Miss E. E. Mitchell, 3i. d. ... 


1879 


Medical. 


Maulmain. 




Mrs. J. B. Kelley 


1879 


Zenana* 


Thatone, Burma. 


• 


Miss F. E. Palmer 


1880 


Do. 


Toungoo, Do. • 




Miss J. M. Elv/in 


1881 


Do. 


Now in America. 




Miss N. Garton 


18S1 


Do. 


Maulmain. 




Miss Z. A. Bunn • ... 


1882 


Do. 


Do., 




Miss E. Eausclienbusch 


1852 


Do. 


Ongole* 




Miss L. L. Eiardin 


X883 


Do. 


Bassein, Burma. 




Miss U. B. Johnson 


1S83 


Do. 


Tavoy, Do. 




Miss E. C. Stark 


1884 


Do. 


Toungoo, Do. 




Miss L. E.'Tschirch 


1884 


Do. 


Bassein, Do. 




Miss A. Whitehead 


1881 


Do. 


Maulmain, Do. 




Miss M. E. Williams 


1881 


Do. 


Rangoon. 




Mis»L. B-. Clarke 


1884 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss J. E. Wayte 


1884 


Do. 


Nellore, Madras. 




Miss B. Menke 


1884 


Do. 


Hanamaconda, Do. 




Miss M. L. Van Meter, m. d. . . . 


1885 


Medical. 


Now Mrs. E. W. Kelley. 




3Iiss N. Pur.5sell 


1885 


Zenana. 


Nowgong. 




Miss Mason 


1886 


Do. 


Tura, Assam. 




Miss Bond 


1886. 


Do. 


Do. . Do. 




Miss Phinney 


1886 


Do. 


Rangoon. 




Present Xo—i\. 











25G 



Indian MissioNx^ry Directory. 



Name, 



\RRIVAI^ 



VVOKK. 



Society fou Ptiomoting 
Ffmale Education 
IN THE East, 
Miss Packer 

Miss Hart 

Miss Jerrom 

Miss Davidson 

Miss Andrews 

Middlle. Ponsaz 

Miss Needliam 

Miss Leigh 

Miss Bland 

Miss F. Andrews 

Miss Greenfield 

Miss E. Davidson 

Miss Thorn 

Miss Eeuther 

Miss West 

Miss Green 

Miss Briggs 

Miss Dawson 

Miss Barrass 

Miss Wallis 

Miss Eobinson 

Miss Hill 

Miss Egcr 

Miss Wadsworth 



1854 

1859 

1860 

1869 

1869. 

1872 

1872 

1872 

1874 

1875 

1875 

1875 

1875 

1877 

1878 

1878 

1880 

18S0 

1881 

1883 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1885 



Zenana. 

Superintendent. 

Zenana. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Teaching. 

Zenana School. 

Teaching. 

Zenana. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Teaching. 

Do. 

Zenana. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 



Eemarks. 



Cuttack. 

R. 

Landour. 

Agra. 

Lodiana, 

D. 1880. 

R. . 

Cuttack, 
Agra. 

R. . . 

Lodiana. 

R. 

R, 

Lodiana. 

Do. 
Madras. . 
R. 

Madras. 
Guttack. 
Coimbatore. 
yoto in Europe. 
Cuttack. 
Multan. 
Do. 



Present No.—\^. 





Appendices. 


257 








Station 


Name. 


Arrival. 


Work. 


OR 






i 


Remarks. 


American Pkesbyterian 




1 




Mission. 








Mrs. Scott 


1854 


Teaching, 


Landour, 


Miss Beatty 


1864 


Do. 


D. 1870. 


Miss J. Woodside 


1866 


Teaching, Zenana, 


Fatehgarh. 


Miss Thiede 


1868 


Teaching, Zenana, 


Lahore. 


Miss M. Wilson 


1869 


Medical, 


D. 1879. 


MissM, Craig 


. 1870 


Teaching, 


Rawal Pindi, 


Miss J. A. Nelson 


1870 


Teaching, 


R. 1878. 


Miss M. E. Pratt 


1872 


Teaching, 


Jallandar. 


Miss J. W. Bacon 


1872 


Do. 


R. 1879. 


Mrs. Warren 


1872 . 


Zenana, 


Gwalior. 


Miss S. Seward, m. d. ... 


1873 


Medical, 


Allahabad. 


Miss L. M. Campbell . . . 


1874 


Teaching, Zenana, 


R. 1878. 


Miss A. Campbell 


1874 


Do. Do 


R. 1878. 


Miss A. E. Scott 


1874 


Teaching 


Now in America. 


Mrs. S. J. Millar 


1874 


Teaching, Zenana, 


R. 1878. 


Miss C. Beltz 


1875 


Zenana, 


Etawah, N. W. P. 


Miss E.Walsh 


1876 


Zenana, 


Now Mrs. Smitheman. 


MissMcGinnis 


1876 


Do. 


Kolhapur. 


Miss A. Fiillerton 


1877 


Teaching, 


Landour. 


Miss S. Hutchison 


1879 


Zenana, 


Now in America. 


Miss S. M. Wherrv 


1879 


Teaching, 


Dehra. 


Miss I. Griffith 


1879 


Teaching, 


Landour. 


Miss Seeley 


1879 


Zenana, 


Mainpuri. 


Miss F. Perley 


1879 


Do. 


R. 1879. 


Miss E. E. Patton 


1880 


Do. 


Panhalla. 


Miss Geisenger 


1882 


Teaching, 


Dehra. 


Miss Pendleton 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Williamson 


1882 


Do. 


Landour. 


Miss Downs 


1882 


Do. 


Lodiana. 


Miss Given 


1882 


• Do. 


Do. 


Miss Bell, M. D. 


1884 


Medical, 


Mainpuri. 


Present No.— 22, 








American United Pres- 








BYTERIAN MISSION. 








* 

Miss E. G. Gordon 


; 1855 


Zenana and School, 


Sialkot, 


Miss M. E. W^elsh 


' 1870 


Do. Do. 


Do. 


Miss E. Calhoun 


1870 


Do. 


Now Mrs. Carleton. 


Miss C. E. Wilson 


i875 


Do. 


Now in America. 


Miss B. McCahon 


1875 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss R. A. McCullough 


1879 


Do. 


Gujranawala. 


Miss E. E. Gordon 


! 1881 


Medical, 


Now in America. 


Miss E. D. Anderson 


1 1882 


Zenana and School, 


Jhelum. 


Miss J. :L. White 


i 1885 


Do. 


Gurdaspur. 


Miss M. J. Campbell 


i 1885 


Do. 


Zafarwal. 


Present No. — 9. 


1 
I 







258 



Indian Missionaby Directory. 









Station 


Name. 


Arrival. 


Work. 


OR 

Remarks. 


MetiTodist Episcopal 








Church. 








I. North India. 








Miss E. Husk* 


1860 


School, Zenana, 


Now Mrs.J.H.Messmore 


Miss White* 


1862 


School, 


R. 1864. 


Miss Porter * 


1S62 


Do. 


R. 1864. 


Miss I. Thoburn 


1870 


Do. 


Now in America. 


Miss C. Swain, M. D. 


1870 


Medical, 


Khetri, Eajputana. 


Miss F, J. Sparkes 


1870 


Orphanage. 


Now in America. 


Miss J. M. Tinsley 


1871 


Zenana, 


NowMrs.J.W.Waugh. 


Miss C. McMillan 


1871 


Do. 


Now Mrs. P. M. Buck. 


Miss L. E Blackmar 


1872 


Do. 


Lucknow. 


MissL. M.Paltz 


1872 


Do. 


R. 1877. 


MissN. Monelle, M d ... 


1873 


Medical, 


Now Mrs. H. Mansell. 


Miss S. F. Leming 


1873 


Zenana. 


R. 1874. 


Miss A. J. Lore, M. D. ... 


1874 


Medical, 


Mrs. G. H. McGrew. 


MissL. H. Green, M.D... 


1876 


Do. 


D. Sept. 30, 1878. 


MissM. F. Gary 


1876 


Orphanage, 


Now Mrs. F. G. Davis. 


Miss S. A. Easton 


1878 


School, 


Now in America. 


Miss E. Gibson 


1878 


Do. 


R. 1882. 


Miss Woolston, m. d 


1878 


Medical, 


R. 1880. 


MissL. Kelly 


1880 


Zenana, 


R. 1885. 


Miss F. M. Nickerson • . . 


1880 


Do. 


Lucknow. 


Miss M. B. Spence 


1880 


School. 


Now Mrs. Pirie. 


Miss E. L. Knowles 


1881 


Do. 


Nynee Tal. 


MissN. Hoy 


1881 


Do. 


Now Mrs. J. C. Lawson. 


Miss H.Kerr 


1881 


Do. 


Now in America. 


Miss A. Budden 


1882 


Do. 


Joined in L Do. 


Miss P. Bowe 


1882 


Do. 


Do. Lucknow. 


Miss E. DeVine 


1882 


Do. 


Lucknow. 


Miss L. Hyde, M. D 


1883 


Medical, 


Cawnpore. 


Miss E. L. Harvey 


1883 


School, 


Do. 


MisSiF. M. English 


1884 


Orphanage, 


Bareilly. 


MissjM. Christiancy,M. D. 


1884 


Medical, 


Do. 


Miss C. Downey 


1884 


Zenana, 


Do. 


MissH. Mansell 


1884 


Do. 


Lucknow. 


MissM. Eeed 


1884 


Do. 


Cawnpore. 


Miss T.J. Kyle 


1885 


School, 


Do. 


Miss S. Lauek 


1885 


Zenana, 


Bareilly. 


Miss D. A. Fuller 


1886 


. Do. 


Lucknow. 


Miss A. Lawson 


1886 


Do. 


Moradabad. 


(21) 






» 


11. South India. 








Miss M. E. Lay ton 


1878 


. School, 


Calcutta. 


Miss S. M. Warner 


1881 


School, 


Rangoon. 


Miss M. McKesson 


1883 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss S. DeLine 


1884 


Zenana, 


Bombay. 


Miss M. C. Hedrick 


188^ 


School, • 


Calcutta. 


Miss M. C. Elliott 


1885 


Zenana, 


Bombay. 


Miss J. Wisner 


1885 


School, 


Rangoon, 


(7) 









* Sent out by Parent Missy. Socy. 
Present 3^\— 28. 



Appendices. 



■ 259 









Station 




Name. 


Arrival. 


Work. 


OR 

Remarks. 




Church of England Zen- 










ana Mission Society. 


1861 


Superintendent, 


Trevandrum. 




Miss Blandford 




Miss Good 


1871 


Zenana, 


Barrackpore. 




Miss Henderson 


1872 


Supdt. of School, 


Amritsar. 




Miss Wauton 


1872 


School, 


Do. 




Miss Raikes 


1874 


Zenana, 


Chinsurah. 




Miss Branch 


1875 


Do. 


Jubbulpore. 




Miss Brandon 


1875 


Do. 


Muslipatam. 




Miss J. Brandon 


1875 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Tucker 


1875 


Do. 


Batala. 




Miss Highton 


. 1875 


Do. 


Calcutta. 




Miss S. Mulvaney 


1876 


Do. 


Calcutta. 




Miss Clay 


1876 


Do. 


Jhandiala. 




Miss Oxley 


1876 


Do. 


Madras. 




Miss E. Mulvaney 


1876 


Do. 


Burdwan. 




Miss L. Oxley 


1876 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Macdonald 


1877 


Do. 


Palamcottah. 




Miss Gehrich 


1877 


Do. 


R. . 




Miss Condon 


1877 


School, 


Karachi. 




Miss Collisson 


1877 


Zenana, 


Krishnagar. 




Miss Williamson 


1877 


Do. 


R. . 




Miss Haitz 


1877 


Do. 


Bhagulpur. 




Miss M. Smith 


187-8 


Do. 


Amvitsar. 




Miss Hewlett 


1879 


Medical, 


Do. 




Miss S. Hcernle 


1879 


Zenana, 


Meerut. 




Miss Clifford 


1879 


Do. 


R. 




Miss Gregg 


1879 


Supt. of School, 


R. 




Miss Scott 


1879 


Zenana, 


R. 




Miss Clay 


1880 


Do. 


Jhandiala. 




Miss Goreh 


1880 


Do.. 


Do. 




Miss Grime 


1880 


School, 


R.= . 




Miss Vette 


1880 


Do. 


R. . 




Miss E. Highton • ... 


1880 


Zenana, 


Calcutta. 




Miss F. Butler 


1880 


Medical, 


Bha-gulpur. 




Miss Chettle 


1881 


Zenana, 


R. 




Miss Baily 


1881. 


Do. 


R. 




Miss Dewar 


1881 


Orphanage, 


Amritsar, 




Miss Catchpool 


1881 


Zenana, 


Jhandiala. 




Miss Ling 


1881 


Do. 


Tinnevelly, 




Miss Askiwith 


1881 


Do. 


Palmacottah. 




Mrs. Kearns 


1881 


Do. 


N. Tinnevelly. 




Miss Coleman 


1881 


Do. 


Trichur, S. India. 




Miss L. Coleman 


1881 


Do. 


Do. Do. 




Miss Pantin 


1881 


Converts' Home, 


Barrackpore. 




Miss Gore 


1881 


Zenana, 


Burdwan. 




Miss Deauble 


1881 


Do. * 


Jabalpur. 




Miss L. Deauble 


1881 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Stroelin 


1881 


Do. 


Meerut. 




Miss Hunt 


1882 


School, 


Calcutta. 




Hon. W. Sugden 


1882 


Zenana, 


Agurparah, 





260 



Indian Missionaky Directory. 









Station 


Name, 


Arrival 


Work. 


OR 

Remarks. 


Miss Pinniger 


1882 


Zenana, 


Bhagulpur. 


Miss Swainson 


1882 


School, 


Amritsar. 


Miss Sharpe 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Parslee 


1882 


Zenana, 


Jhandiala. 


Miss Bloomer 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Reutlier 


1882 


Do. 


Kangra. 


Miss Rose 


1882 


Do. 


N. Tinnevelly. 


Miss Dawe 


1882 


Do. 


Krishnaghar. 


Miss Van Hey thuysen . . . 


1883 


Do. 


Calcutta. 


Miss Way 


1883 


School, 


Amritsar. 


Miss M. HcBrnle 


1883 


Do. 


Batala. 


Miss Krapf 
Miss Mitcheson 


1883 


Zenana, 


Jalandar. . 


1883 


Do. 


Peshawar. 


Mrs. Ellington 


1883 


Do. 


El lore, Madras P. 


Miss Digby 


1884 


Do. 


Masulipatara, do. 


Miss Tyler 


1885 


Do. 


Jalandar. 


Preseyit No. — 57. 








American Union Zen- 




ana Mission. 








Miss H. G. Brittan 


1863 


Superintendent, 


R. 1877. In Japan. 


Miss Hatchell 


1867 


Zenana, 


Calcutta. 


Mrs. Page 


1869 


Orphanage, 


R. 1886. 


Miss L. M. Hook 


1868 


Superintendent, 


Calcutta. 


MissC. Norris . ... 


1868 


Zenana, 


D. in 1868. 


Miss M. C. Lathrop 


1870 


Zenana, 


Allahabad. 


Miss G. R. Ward 


1870 


Do. 


Cawnpore. 


Miss E.Chase 


1870 


Do. 


D. 1874. 


Miss F. Seelye, m. d. 


1871 


Medical, 


D. 1875. 


Miss Harris 


1872 


Zenana, 


R 


Miss J. Kimball 


1875 


Do. 


K. 


Miss E, Marston 


1875 


Do. 


Calcutta. 


Miss L. Woodward 


1875 


Do. 


R. 


Miss A. H. Jones 


1876 


Do. 


Mrs. Rev. D. H. Lee. 


Miss Gardner 


1879 


Do. 


Calcutta. 


Present No.—L 




• 




S. P. G. Zenana Mission. 




Miss A. Branch 


1865 


Zenana, 


Now Mrs. Ledgard. 


MissE. Graves 


1873 


Do. 


Now Mrs. Gadney. 


Miss A. C.Dyer 


1880 


Do. 


Ahmednagar. 


Miss M, J. Shepherd 


1881 


Do. 


Kolhapur. 


Miss L. M. Wickham ... 


1883 


Do, 


Ahmednagar. 


Miss J. M. F. Thompson 


1884 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss L. Dickson 


1884 


Do. 


Kolhapur. 


Miss Anson 


1884 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Gray 


1884 


Do. 


Cawnpore. 


Miss HoAve 


1884 


Do. 


Calcutta. 


Miss Harts 


1884 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss .P. Hoppner 


1885 


Do. 


Roorkee. 


Present iVo.—lO. 











Appendices. 


2t)l 








Station 


Name. 


Arrival. 


Work. 


OR 

Remarks. 


United Presbyterian Mis- 








sion (Scotland). 








Mrs. Drynan 


1865 


Zenana. 


Ajmere. 


Miss Guillamet 


1874 


Do. 


Jeypore. 


Miss Miller 


1881 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Young 


1881 


Do. 


Ajmere. 


MissFlett 


1881 


Do. 


Now in Europe. 


Miss Anderson 


1882 


Do. 


Nusseerabad. 


Miss Jackson 


1884 


Do. 


Ajmere. 


Present i^o. — 7. 








CoLAR Orphanage. 




Miss L. H. Anstey 


1865 


Orphanage. 


Colar, Mysore. 


MissJ. Berl 


1885 


Do. 


Do. Do. 


Present No.—I. 








Friends' Mission. 




Miss E. Metcalfe 


1866 


Schools, etc. 


Hoshungabad. 


Miss B. Namby 


1883 


Zenana. 


Do. 


Present No. — 2. 








I, F. NOE. School and 








Instruction Socy. 








Miss Fuller 


1867 


Zenana. 


D. 1885. 


Miss Harding 


1870 


Do. 


R. 


Miss Fallon 


1874 


Do. 


Fyzabad. 


Miss Trott 


1874 


Do. 


Bombay. 


Miss Baumann 


1874 


Do. 


Now in Europe. 


Mrs. Fallon . . 


1875 


Superintendent. 


Bombay. 


Miss Malloch 


1875 


Zenana. 


Do. 


Miss Hadden 


1875 


Do. 


R. 


Miss Beilby, M. D. 


1875 


Medical. 


R. . Lahore. 


Miss Keay 


1879 


Zenana. 


Lahore. 


Miss Lockhart 


1879 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Falconer 


1880 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Brett 


1880 


Do. 


R. 


Miss Brennan 


1880 


School. 


R. 


Miss Patteson 


1880 


Zenana. 


Now in Europe. 


Miss J. Childs 


1880 


Do. 


R. 


Miss H. Schwarz 


1880 


Do. 


Nasik. 


Miss Dyson 


1880 


School. 


Bombay. 


Miss Nicker 


1880 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Mi vers 


1880 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Crittall 


1881- 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss A. Marston, m. d. . . . 


1881 


Medical. 


Lucknow. 


Miss Healey 


1881 


Zenana. 


Lahore. 


Miss Gault 


1881 


Do. 


Benares. 


Miss Spencer 


1881 


Do. 


Bombay. 


Miss Harris 


1882 


Do. 


Fyzabad. 


Miss Kaehler 


1882 


School. 


Allahabad. 



2^2 



Indian Missionaey Directoky. 



— 




. 


Station 


" 


Name. 


Arrival. 


Work. 


OR 

Remarks. 




Miss Aitken 


1882 


School. 


Lahore. 




Miss L. Marston 


1882 


Zenana. 


Lucknow. 




Miss Matthews 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Kedmayne 


188.3 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Macpliuii 


1883 


School. 


Lahore. 




Miss Scott 


1883 


Do. 


Benares. 




Miss Davies 


1883 


Zenana. 


Bombay . 




Miss Gregory 


18Ji3 


Ripon Hospital. 


Simla. 




Miss Roper 


1883 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Harvey 


1884 


Zenana. 


Nasik. 




Miss Cole 


188i 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Abraham 


1884 


Do. 


Patna. « 




Miss Dickenson 


1884 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Spencer ' • . . 


188.5 


School. 


Benares. 




Mrs. Barr ... 


1886 


Zenana. 


Do. 




Present iVo.— 36. 










The American Board. 










Miss M. S. Taylor 


1867 


School. 


R. 




Miss H. S. Rendall ... 


1870 


Do. 


R. 1884. 




Mrs. W. B. Capron ... 


1871 


Zenana. 


R. 1886. 




Miss S. F. Norris, m. d., 


1873 


Medical. 


R. 1881. 




Mrs. J. M. Minor 


1875 


Zenana, 


R. 1884. 




Miss G. A. Chandler ... 


1880 


Do. 


Battalaguudu. 




Miss K. Fairbank 


1882 


School. 


Ahmednagar. 




Miss R. E. Harding ... 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss S. J. Hume 


1882 


DO; 


Do. 




Miss E. M. Swift 


1884 


Do. 


Madura. 




Miss M. P. Root, M, D. . . . 


1884 


Medical. 


Do. 




Miss M. R. Bissell ... 


1885 


Zenana. 


Ahmednagar. 




Present No.— 7. 










American Reformed 






• 




Church, Arcot Mission. 










Miss M.J. Mandeville, ... 


1870 


Teaching. 


R. to America, 1881. 




Miss J. Chapin, 


1870 


Do. 


Retired. 




Miss J. C. Scudder, 




Do. 


Vellore. 




Miss M. K. Scudder, ... 


1880 


Do. 


Madnapalli. 




Present No,— 2. 










Scot. Univ. Mission. • 








, 


Miss Macf arlane, 


1871 


Zenana. 


Darjeeling. 







Appendices. 


263 








Station 




Name, 


Arrival 


Work. 


or 
Remarks. 




Baptist Mission (^Eng- 










land,^ 




. 






Mrs. Dakin 


1871 


Zenana. 


Calcutta. 




Mrs. Ellis 


1871 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Robinson 


1871 


Do. 


Dacca. 




Miss Harris 


1872 


Do. 


Calcutta. 




Miss Thorn 


1875 


Medical. 


Delhi. [VVil 


son. 


Miss H. Johnston 


1879 


Do. 


Agra. Now Mrs. P 


T. 


Miss Angus 


1881 


Zenana. 


Delhi. 




Miss Neave 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Rooke 


1883 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Bourne 


1882 


Do. 


Monghyr. 




Miss Bion 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Cooke 


1883 


Normal School. 


Calcutta. 




Miss B. Thomas 


1883 


Zenana. 


Agra. 




Miss Barrow 


1884 


Do. 


Barisal. 




Miss Bell 


1885 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Tavlor 


1885 


Do. 


Calcutta. 




Miss F.Smith 


1885 


Do. 


Aorra. 




Miss Maslin 


1886 


Do. 


Do. 




Present No. — 17, 










Irish Presbyterian 










Mission. 










Miss S. E. Brown 


1874 


School and Zenana 


Borsad. R. 1885. 




Miss M. Patteson 


1876 


Medical 


R. 1878. 




Miss M. Forrest 


1876 


Do. 


Surat. 




Miss M. A. Armstrong... 


1877 


School and Zenana 


Now Mrs. Shillidy. 




Miss M. Long 


1878 


Do. 


R. 1882. 




MissM. McKee 


1881 


Do. 


Surat. R. 1885. 




Miss M. G. Balfour 


1882 


Do. 


Now Mrs Steele. 




Miss S. Roberts 


1883 


Medical 


Surat. 




Miss A. M. Shan 


1884 


School and Zenana 


Surat. 




Miss J. Moore 


1881 


Do. 


Borsad. 




Miss E. voa Biberstein ... 


1884 


Do. 


Borsad. 




Miss Dr. Mary McGeorge 


1885 


Medical 


Ahmedabad. 




Miss McDowell 


1885 


School and Zenana 


Ahmedabad. 




Present Nik—1. 










Canadian Presbyterian 










Mission. 










Miss Rodger 


1874 


Zenana. 


Indore. 




Miss McGregor 


1877 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Ross 


1883 


Do. 


Do. 




Miss Beatty, M. D. 


1884 


Medical. 


Do. 




Present No.— A. 











264 



Indian Missionaby Directory. 









Station 


Name. 


Arrival. 


Work. 


or 

Remarks. 


Berlin Lad. Miss. Socy. 








Miss'T. Schultz 


1875 


Orphanage, 


Secundra, N, W, P. 


Miss H. Tillich 


1879 


Do. 


Do. 


MissL-Wahl 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss M. Keinfell 


1884 


Village, 


Do. 


Present No. — 4, 






" 


London .Missionary 








Society. 






■ ■ 


Miss Bounsall 


1876 


Zenana. 


Madras. 


Miss Brown 


1876 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Linley 


1878 


Do. 


Calcutta. 


Miss Gordon 


1879 


Do. 


Madras. 


Miss Billing 


1881 


Do. 


Calcutta. 


Miss Blomfield 


1882 


Do. 


Berhampore, Bengal, 


Miss A. Marris 


1882 


Do. 


Benares. 


Miss E. Marris 


1882 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss Duthie 


1883 


Do. 


Nagercoil. 


Miss Fletcher 


1884 


Do. 


Calcutta. ■ 


Miss Horton 


1884 


Do. 


Berhampore, Bengal, 


Mrs. Thomson 


1884 


Do. 


Neyoor, Travancore. 


Miss Sherring 


1885 


Do, 


Mirzapur. 


Present iVo.— 13. 








CuLLis Faith Mission. 








Miss L. R. Wheeler 


1877 


Zenana. 


Now Mrs. W. A. Moore. 


Miss H. M. Millett 


1883 


Do. 


Bombay. 


Miss M. E. French 


1883 


Do. 


Khamgaon, W. Berar- 


Miss E. Beardsley 


1884 


Do. 


Basim,W. Berar. 


Miss L.Taylor 


1884 


Do. 


Joined in I. Do. 


Present No. — 4. 








Akola Mission. 








Miss L. W. Sisson 


1878 


Zenana. 


Akola, Berar. 


Miss J. Ballou 


1884 


Do. 


Do. Do. 


Present No.— 2. 








Chukch of Scotland. 








Miss M. A. Gordon 


1881 


Supt. 


Madras. 


MissJ. M.Gray 


1883 


Zenana. 


Do. 


Miss E. L. W. Munro ... 


1884 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss C. A. Reid 


1884 


Zenana. 


Darjeeling. 


Miss M. M. G. Niven ... 


1884 


Do. 


Calcutta. 


Miss J. L. McGilleurie ... 


1885 


Supt. 


Do. 


Miss L. C. Bernard, M. B. 


1886 


Medical. 


Do. 


Present No.— 7. 









ApPENDlCEb'. 



265 



Na3IE. 



Akeival. 



American Ev. 
LuTHEEAN Mission. 

(Gen Synod). 



Miss K. Boggs 

Miss A. S. Kiigler, M. D. ; ^j 

Miss F. M. Drydeii ; iggg 

Miss Uiiangst ... : j^g.j 

P test lit No, — 4. 

English Presbytekiax 

Mission. 



Work. 



Station 

OR 

Eemakks. 



Guutour, Madia.s 1* 
^o. Do. 

^o. Do. 

^^' Do. ' 



Miss Bayly 
Miss Symington 

I're-se/U No. — 1. 

Canadian Bai'iist 
Mission. 



Miss M. J. Frith 
Miss A. C Grav 
Miss H. H. Wright 

Present No. — o. 
Disciples' Mission. 



Miss Boyd 
Miss Graybiel 
Miss Kingsbury 
Miss Kinscy 

Present No. — 4. 
Bethel Santhal Mission. 



Miss E. Hollyer 
Miss J. W. Adams 
Mrs, L. Browne 

Present No. — 3. 



-Kampore JJeauicah. 



(^ocanuda, 3Iadms P. 
Bimhpatam, Do. 
^o. Do, 



Bilaspur, C. P 

Do. 

Do. 
Hiuda, C. P. 



Bethel,. Jam tara. Ben^^al. 
Do. Do. ' Do. 
Do. Do. Do. 



266 



Indian Missionaky Directohv 









Station 


Name. 


Aii rival. 


WOKK. 


OR 








Remarks. 


■ 

Telugu Faith Mission. 








Miss H. A. Hillis 


1883 


Zenana. 


Sccunderabad, Decean. 


Miss H. M.Bell 


1883 


Do. 


Do. Do. 


Pn'st'7it No.— 2. 








Wesleyax Missioxs. 








Miss Benson 


1884 


School. 


Banknra, Bengal. 


Miss A. Palmer 


1884 


Medical. 


Madras. 


Miss Beauchamp 


1884 


School 


Bano-alore. 


Miss Pearson 


1885 


Do. 


Do. 


MissDunhill 


1885 


Do. 


Do. 


Miss A. Mackintosh 


1885 


Do. 


Benares. 


Miss Lee 


1885 


Do. 


Sccunderabad. 


Miss Hay 


1885 


D... 


Do. 


Miss While 


1880 


Do. 


Ban^ealore. 


Miss Parsons 


18Sf) 


Do. 


Tumkur. 


Mrs. Syme 


1885 


Di). 


Lucknow. 


Mrs. Scot I 


1886 


Do. 


Fyzabad. 


Fn'scnt A'".— U. 








GoDAVERY Delta 








Mission, 








Miss Bearno 








Miss Taylor 


1885 


Zenana, 


Narsapur. Madras P. 


Miss Lynn 


1885 


D(.. 


Do. D(.. 




1885 


Do. 


Do. Du. 


Present No. — o. 








Ameeican Free Metho- 








dist Mission. 








MissL. Eauf 








Miss J. Zimmerman 


188G 


Zenana. 


Burhampur. C, P. 




1886 


Do. 


Do. Do- 


Present No.— 2. 








Others. 








Mrs. A. Thobum, yi. u. ... 


1882 


Medical. 


Calcutta. 


Miss Fendall 




Rescue work. 


Calcutta. 


Miss C. M. Seade 


1872 


Orphanage. 


Noiv in Europe. 



Total, 361. (Toliil number zcuaua niiss^ionarics sent to India, 150). 



Appentpicef^, 



26i 



J LI. MISSIONS IN CEYLON. 

(I). THE BAPTIST MlSSlOl^—iBegan loorh 1812). 



Name. 



H. R. Pio-ott 
F. D.Waiaock 
H. A. Lapliara 

A. Sims 
Peter Pevera 

('. V. Rauesino]ie 

M. H. Pei-ein 

Juan Silva 

.1, Saiiil. Perera 

A maris de Silva 

1). Boteju 

.1. ]Mio-el Perera 

J. J. (iimasekara 

D. E. Lewis 

CUias Peries 

J. G. Ratiiavake 

H. T). Daniel 

B. I'iris 

H. De Silva 
Tlieodcn-e Silva 
r;. A. Aponso 
Danl Perera 
Sam I de Saram 
Raphael Perera 
David Benjamin 



AwiirvAL 
oil 

OllDINATIOX. 



A. 
A. 
A. 

A. 



Or, 
Or. 
Or 
Or 
Or 
Or 
Or 



Or. 
Or. 
Or. 
Or. 
Or. 
Or. 
Or. 
Or. 
Or. 



1862 
1863 
1880 
1884 



Or. 184:. 
Or. 1846 



18.">8 
18.',9 
1862 
1862 

186;-: 

186.-) 

1866 



Or. 1S70 
Or. 1870 



1871 

1878 
1878 
1881 
1882 
1882 
1885 
1886 
1886 



Addkess. 



Or. 1886 



Maradana, Colombo. 

/// EiKjlanil. 

Coloml)o. 

Ratnapura. 

(irand Pass, ('olombo. 
j Ma tale. 

Kadug-annawa. 
I MoraTUAva. 
I Gonawala Kelaniya. 
j Katngastota. 
j Hnnnpitiya, Colombo. 

Biyamvila, Kelaniya. 
I Hanwella. 

KotikaAvatta, Colombo. 

Gampola. 

Grand Pass, Colombo, 

Balangoda. 

Gonawala, Kelaniya. 
I Hendala, Colombo. 

Kandy. 
I Ratnapura. 
; Ratnapura. 
I Makewita, Jaela. 
I Madampe, Chilaw. 
' Colombo. 



(II.) WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY— (i?ry«M worli 1814.) 



Name. 



D. H. Pereira 

H. Pereiia 

J. Fernando 

G. E. Goonewnrdene 

John ScoTt 

O. J. Gnnesakera 

y. Pieris 

.1. Niebolson 

Z. Natbanielsz 

P. B. Pereira 

D. I). Pereira 
.1. Benjamin 
,r. Brown 

E. Rigg 

.1. A. Sparr 

8. Niles 

D. P. Ferdinando 



ARravAL OR 
Ordixation. 


Field o 


1 
1851 


South Ceylon 


1852 




Do. 


1852 




Do. 


1854 




Do. 


1855 




Do. 


I 1860 




D... 


1860 




Do. 


1861 




Do. 


1864 




Do. 


1864 




Do. 


1864 




Do. 


1865 


X. 


Cevlon. 


1865 




Do. 


1865 




Do. 


1865 


s. 


Ceylon. 


1866 


N. 


Cevlon. 


1867 


g. 


Ceylon. 



2C,S 



J»!^DIAN Mt??.'=!10NA?,Y DtRFOTOKY. 



Name. 



Arrival 

OR 

Ordinatiox, 



Field op Labor. 



J. H. Abej-asakara 

R. Tebb 

H. Fernando 

H. Marthenez 

W. M. Walton 

J). P. Kiles 

J. M. Osborn 

D. Fonseka 

P. Pt. Willenbersf 
J. A. i\Iell 

C. Parinbana3^agam 
J. Gr. Pearson 

J. V. Benjamin 
W. R. Winston 
J. C. Fletcher 
S. I.angdon 
S. R. vVilkin 

E. P. Fonseka 

J. H. Nathauielsz 
I. Peento 

C Wickramasineha 
1) Yalnpillai 

A. Slripliani 
R.N.Sethakavalef 

B. A. Mendis 

B. S. Mend is 
S. Silva 

D. J. Ferdinando 

C. W. Silva' 
E .S. Adam^ 
J. Appapillai 

E. Strutt 

R. A. Barnes 
J. G . Trimmer 
S. E. A. Gasperson 
L. S. Lee 

D. T. Silva 
M. H. Pereira 
Thomas Little 

J. Parin])anayager 
C. S, Casinadev 
A. Nallathamby 

F. H. Pieris 

P. Cliinnatamby 
J. Beebee 
P. Ahamparam 
Joseph West 
W.J. G.Bestall 
T. Moscrop 

G. D. Laneroel 
W. H. Ptigby 
A. E. Eestarick 



18<')8 
1868 
1868 
1869 
1869 
1870 
1870 
1870 
1870 
1871 
1871 
1S71 
187J 
1872 
1872 
1872 
1872 
1873 
1874 
187-1 
1874 
1874 
187", 
1875 

I87r, 

1875 
1875 
1876 
1876 
1876 
1876 
1876 
1877 
1877 
1877 
1877 
1877 
1878 
1878 
1878 
1879 
1879 
1879 
1880 
1880 
1880 
1881 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1884 



N. 



N 



Ceylon. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Cevlon. 

Do. 
Cevlon. 

Do. 

Do. 
Ceylon. 

i)o. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
S. Ceylon. 

i)o. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
N. Cevlon. 
S. Cevlon. 

[)o. 
S. Ceylon. 

'Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
N. Cevlon. 

bo. 

S. Ceylon. 
N. Ceylon. 

bo. 
S. Ceylon. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
N. Cevlon. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
S. Ceylon. 
N. Cevlon. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
S. Cevlon. 

Do. 

Do. 
Ceylon. 



N. 



ArrFNPTCF.s, 

?TII.— -THE AMERICAN BOAJiV^iBtoan ii-orl' ISIG.) 



269 



Name. 



Arrival 

OR 

Ordinatiox. 



Address. 



William W. Rowland 
Eurotus P. Hastings 
Thomas S. Smith 
Samuel W. Rowland 
Richard C. Hastings 
Thomas P. Hunt 
Benjamin H. Rice 
David Stickney 
Francis Asburv 
Abner Bryant 
Henrj' L. Hoisington 
Samuel John 
Warren P. Nathaniel 
John S. Christmas 
S. Eliatamby 



A. 

A. 

A. 

A. 

A. 

Or. 

Or. 

Or. 

Or. 



1846 
1847 
1871 
1873 
1879 
185:. 
1867 
18.^8 
1861 



Or. 1872 

Or. 1874 

Or. 1880 

Or. 1881 

Or. 187.5 



1 Oodooville. Jaffna. 
! Batticotta,' Do. 

; Tillipully. Do. 

I Chavag'uchel-ry, Do. 
i Udupitty, ' Do. 
I Chavagucherry, Do. 



Batticotta. 

Udupitty, 

Navaly. 

Changanai. 

Oodooville, 

Batticotta. 

Manippai. 

Tillipully, 



Or. 1884 Panditeripo 



Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



IV.-CHURCH OF ENGLAND MrSSION— r^^r/a^ icorh 181S.J 



j 


Arrival 


• 


Name. j 

1 


or 
Ordixatiox. 


Address. 


William Oaklev 


A. 183.5 


D. Julv, 1886. 


Edward Thomas Higgens 


A. 1851 


Galle Face, Colombo. 


John Ireland Jones 


A. 1857 


N()?(i ?■«. Europf. 


Stephen Coles 


A. 1860 


Cotta. 


William Edward Rowlands 


A. 1861 


l^oir in Enroiie. 


Jonathan David Simmons ... 


A. I860.* 1874 


Niiwcra Elivn. 


John AUcock 


A. 1864 


Kandv. 


Richard Thomas Dowbiggin... 


A. 1867 


Cotta. 


Edward Moule Griffith 


A. 1867 


Jaffna. 


David Wood 


A. 1867 


Colombo. 


Hugh Horsley 


A. 1S73,* 1881 


Kandv. 


Edward Noel Hodges 


A. 1877.* 1886 


Do. 


Joseph Ingham Pickford 


A. 1878 


Colombo. 


John George Garrett 


A. 1880 


Kandv. 


Joseph llsley 


A. 1879.* 1884 


Do. ' 


George Thomas Fleming 


A. 1880 


Jaffna. 


John William Balding 


A. 1881 


Baddegama. 


George Pett Liesching 


A. 1882 


Kaeoaln. 


George Champion 


Or. 1865 


Jaffna. 


Henry Gunasekara 


Or. 1867 


Kandv. 


Hendrich De Silva 


Or. 1868 


Talanganin. 


Hendrich Kannanear 


• Or. 1869 


Baddeeama. 


Bartholomew P. Wirasinha 


Or. 1869 


Kaegala. 



* South India. 



270 



Indian Mbsionap.v Dtp.eotop.t. 



Kame. 


Arrival 

OR 

Oruixatio.v. 


Address. 


Pakkyinathan Peter 

Samuel Samuel 

Johannes Perera Kalpage . . . 

Aralanathan Gnanamuttu ... 

John Niles 

John Backus 


Or. 1872 
Or. 1878 
Or. 1881 
Or. 1881 
Or. 1885 
Or. 1885 


Pelmadula. 
Colombo. 
Kurunegala. 
Kandy. 
Jaffna. 
Do. 



-GOSPP^L PBOPAGATIOX SOCIETY— r^/Y/^» work 1Si24.J 



Name. 


Ordination. 

1 


Address. 


Johannes De Silva 
(Jhri'^tian David 
Francis Dias Edresinohe 
Arumanavagam Vethakan ... 
Philip Marks 
John Peter 
William Henley 
George Henry Pinchin 
Adrian W. Jayasakara 
Edward Francis Miller 


Or. 185.^, 18r>8 
1 Or. 18(;3, 1874 

Or. 1804, 1871 
! Or. 1800, 1868 
{ Or. 180C,{1807 
1 Or. 1875 
i Or. 1882, 1884 
1 Or. 1883, 1885 
j Or. 1885 


Kotahona. Col'^rabo. 

Do. Do. 
jVEatara. 
Batticaloo. 
Orphanage, Galle. 
Chilaw. 
Kalutara. 
BaduUa. 
Tan gal la. 
Colombo. 



Appendices. 



m 



iV. STATISTICAL TABLES. 

(I.) YEARS OF SERVICE OF FOREIGN MISSIONARIES. 



6 


: 1 

; i 

i 

d 
o 

Mission. c. 

o 


d 


4 
g 
^ 


d 


d 

CO 




d 

g 
1— ( 


d 

l-H 




1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 

10 

12 

i:j 
U 
15 
16 

17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 

2:^ 

24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 


1 
Baptist Miss. Socy. 
London Do. Do. 
American Board. 
Church of England Socy. 
Gosiiel Propagation Do. 
Wesley an Miss. Do. 
Gen. Baptist Do. Do. 
Church of Scotland. 
Free Church of Scotland, 
American Pres. Mission. 
Basel Miss. Socy. 
Am. Bapt. Miss. Union, 
Am. Free Bapt. Mission, 
Gossner's Ev. Luth. Do. 
Leipzig Missy. Socy. 
Irish Pres. Mission. 
Welsh Cal. Mcth. Do. 
Am. Ev. Luth. Mission, 
Am. Refonned Church Do. 
Episcopal Moravian Do. 
Am. Un. Pres, Church. 
Methodist Episcopal Church, 
Un, Pres. Church of Scotland, 
Danish Ev. liUth. Mission, 
Pres. Ch. of England, 
Hermannsburg Ev. Luth. Mission, ... 
Friends' For. Miss. Assn. 
Indian Home Mission, 
Am. Ger. Ev. Miss, Socy. 
Canadian Bapt. Mission, 
Scotch Epis. Church, 
Orig. Secess. Ch, of Scotland, 
Canadian Pres. Mission, 
Swedish Ev. Miss. Socy. 
Am. Free Methodist Mission, 
Disciples' Mission, 
Private Missions, etc. 

Total, ... 


1 

l" 

... 

... 

... 

"* 

! ... 

i ••• 
1 ... 

2 


2 

i 

1 

... 

... 

4 


"i 

"i 

"2 

... 
... 

5 


6 
2 

4 
4 
3 

2 
6 
2 
1 

'3 

"2 

1 
1 
1 

1 

i 

2 

42 


3 
12 

4 
16 
12 

4 

1 

2 

3 

5 

13 

1 

1 
5 
6 

1 

1 

"i 
11 

3 

"i 

1 

... 
... 

... 

;': 

*2 
114 


10 
12 

8 
31 

7 
17 

1 

7 

8 

13 
32 
12 

6 
4 
4 
2 
3 
1 
1 
3 
15 
9 
2 

3 
1 
1 
1 
4 

1 

1 

11 

231 


23 
17 

8 
63 
31 
23 

4 

8 
19 
10 
32 
13 

4 

6 
12 

5 

4 

6 

3 

1 

3 
45 

4 

4 

1 

6 

2 

2 

2 

5 

"t 

1 

3 

11 

393 


43 
■47 
24 
115 
53 
44 

8 
17 
32 
36 
79 
27 

6 
17 
25 
10 

8 
10 

8 

8 

72 

16 

6 

1 

11 

3 

5 

4 

9 

1 

5 
8 

3 

2c"» 

791 



272 



Indian Missionauy Directoky. 

(11.) STATISTICAL SUMMARIES, 1881 and 1885. 



Names or Societies. 



Baptist Miss. Socy. 
London Do, Do. 
American Board, 
Clmrcli of England Socy. 
Gospel Propagation Do. 
Wesley.an Miss. Do. 

Gen. Bapt. Do. Do. 

Churcli of Scotland, 
Free Clmrcli of Scotland, 
American Pres. Mission. 
Basel Miss. Socy. 
Am. Bapt. Miss. Union. 
Am. Free Bapt. Mission, 
Gossner's Ev. Lntli. Do. 
Leipzig Miss. Socy. 
Irish Pres. Mission. 
Welsh Cal. Meth. Do. 
Am. Ev. Lnth. Do. 
Am. Reformed Church, 
Episcopal Moravian Mission, 
Am. Un. Pres. Church, 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Un. Pres. Church of Scotland, 

Danish Ev. Luth. Mission, 

Pres. Ch. of England, 

Hermannshurg Ev. Luth. Mission. 

Friend's For. Miss. Assn. 

Indian Home Mission, 

Am. German Ev. Miss. Socy. 

Canadian Bapt. Do. 

Scotch Epis. Church. 

OrigJ-Secess. Cli. of Scotland, 

Canadian Pres. Mission. 

SAvedish Ev. Miss. Socy. 

Am. Free Methodist Mission, 

Disciples' Mission, 

Private Missions, etc. 

Total 



1793 

1798 

1813 

1814 

1817 

1817 

1822 

1828 

1828 

1834 

1834 

1836 

1836 

1840 

1841 

1841 

1841 

1842 

1853 

1854 

1855 

1856 

1860 

1861 

1862 

1866 

1866 

1867 

1868- 

1868 

1870 

1872 

1876 

1878 

1880 

1883 



1881, 



40 

50 

25 

108 

43 

44 

10 

12 

32 

30 

48 

20 

5 

15 

17 

5 

8 



<< 
^ 



20 



658 



49 

37 

30 

110 

57 



461 



9,594 


3,110 


55.138 


5.480 


13,816 


4,209 


98,993 


21,071 


80.812 


19,658 


3,591 


1,206 


3,040 


1,104 


1,105 


394 


2,621 


1,251 


1.743 


870 


7,898 


3,866 


57.070 


22,509 


1,115 


612 


32,800 


10,812 


12,272 


4,256 


1,852 


248 


2,763 


440 


8,695 


2,663 


5,285 


1,484 


34 


14 


660 


398 


7,054 


3.089 


773 


394 


237 


85 


34 


7 


612 


231 


32 


12 


3,002 


2,000 


291 


198 


1,818 


854 


47 


6 


62 


24 


22 


11 


1 


.... 


2,490 


759 


417,372 


113,325 



STATISTICAL SUMMAEIES, \^^^ and ISSr., 



1 




1885. 


\ 


Increase : or 






1 




j 


Decrease (.— ). 














1 


rji 










c» 


o 1 




1 


X -K 


1 








fA 


52 






K rt 


1 


. 








* 






— . <D 










~5 


IZ ■ I 


• 


'■': 1 


5 So 


cr 1 


CO 






■< 


_ 1 


■/; 


'~ 1 


^ < 


B 1 


H 






S h 


< 


^' i 






^ 






i 


PS 


ir. 


"• \ 




i 1 


. < 1 


Remarks. 




S 


o ; 


E 


-/', j 


S j i 


^ 


/T^ I 






?r; 


't'^'' 


'^ 




1 *-< 

^ c 


O ' 


-! ! 






C 


- ^ 


i. 


_ j 


s . 


K , 


S 






<— 1 




> 




i; 0) 










W 


;_ — 




^ 


S .^ 


►- 


j^ 




ij 








^ 1 


£ 1 




o 

o 




1 : 


43 : 50 


10,000 i 


4.000 


3 1 


—406 i 


890 




*> 1 


47 ' 44 


55,029 


6.221 


— 3 7 


109 ; 


741 




S ' 


24 37 


14,475 


4,626 ' 


^1 7 


659- i 


417 




4 


115 132 


101.333 ; 


23,289 


7 22 


2.340 ' 


2,218 


Di order to make 


■ - 


53 71 


90,888 


21.996 


10 14 


10,076 ! 


2,338 


a comparative 





44 1) 


4.200 ; 


1,800 




609 ; 


594 


statement, Bur- 


7 


'^ II 


3 393 1 


1.259 


. 2 6 


353 


155 


ma Mi.ssious are 


8 


17 3 


1.306 \ 


396 


5 —2 


201 1 


2 


omitted. 


9 


32 10 


1,598 


1,527 


—1 : -3 


—1,023 i 


276 


Including Bm-ma 


10 


36 12 


1,743 


1,000 


6 '■ —3 


i 


130 


and Ceylon the 


11 


7M 10 


8,513 


4.445 


31 i> 


615 1 


579 


present number 


12 


27 55 


64,500 


28.127 


8 : —4 


7.430 


5.618 


of foreign mis- 


l?> (i 4 


1,085 


558 


1 


-30 1 


—54 


sionaries is 887 


14 


• 17 11 


32,000 


12.131 


O 1) 


—800 1 


1,319 


compared with 


i:> 


25 12 


, 13,.589 


4.130 


8 ■ 4 


1.317 


—126 


730 in 1881 : 


10 


10 ... 


1 l,il8 


302 


5 . —1 


-434 I 


54 


foreign ordain- 


17 


8 


; 3.719 


852 




956 , 


412 


ed agents, 768, 


18 


1() 4 


i 9,360 


3.842 


1 1 


665 


1.179 


ayainst 674 in 


19 


8 4 


1 5,437 


1.610 


2 ; 1 


152 


• 126 


1881. 


20 


3 


i 36 


11 


i ; 


2 


—3 




21 


8 3 


3.245 


2,176 


1 


2.585 


1,778 




22 


72 36 


8,604 


5.486 


27 ; 19 


1.550 


2,397 




23 


16 1 


i 960 


441 


I 4=1 


187 


47 




24 


6 


i 481 


80 


;! ; ... 


244 


—5 




25 


1 .. 


34 


15 


i ... 


1 ■ ' ' 


8 




26 


11 ... 


800 


300 


... ' — 1 


188 


69 


i 


27 


3 ... 


i 36 


1 1^ 


1 t ... 


4 


6 




28 


5 5 


4.273 


3.500 


1 ;{ 


1,271 


1.500 




29 


4 ... 


1 530 


234 


2 ' ... 


239 


36 




30 


9 3 


4.500 


i 1.870 


2 ' 1 


2.682 


1,016 




31 


1 


28 


1 8 


... i 1 


28 






32 


1 1 ••• 


53 


; 6 


—1 1 ... 


6 






33 


5 .. 


126 


! 72 


1 ! ... 64 


48 




34 


8 , ... 


34 


1 16 


2 ' — 1 12 


— 5 




35 


1 ' ... 






— 1 


... 




3(3 


3 ... 


8 


i "8 


3 ' ... 8 


> 8 




37 


26 4 


2,421 


1,152 


C —4 —69 


393 






791 ;530 


j 449,755 


137,504 


' 133 \ 67 

1 1 


32,383 


24,367 

1 





274 



(III). NATIONALITY OF AtlSSiONAKIES. 





Mts.moxs. 

1 


i 

C! 

i.= l 

B i 


Great 
Britain, j 


The Continent. 


6 


• . 1 

■A • 

' 1 1 i 


i 
^ £ ^ a 5 '^ 


CO 
N 


1 

o 

a 

4 
5 



Bapt. Miss. Socy. 
London Do. Do. 
American Board, 
Church of England, ... 
Gospel Prop. Socy. 
Weslevan M. Do. 
Gen. Bapt. M. Do. 
Church of Scotland. 
Free Do. Do. 
Am. Pres. Mission, 
Basel Miss. Socy. 
Am. Bapt. M. Union, ... 
Am. Free Bapt. Mission, 
Gossner's Luth. Do. ... 
Leipzig Miss. Socy. ... 
Irish Pres. Mission. 
Welsh Cal. M. Mission,... 
Am. Ev. Luth. Do. 
Am. Kef. Church Do. ... 


2 . 

7 
)) 1 

1 

s 

■'.; 

1 

1 

4 


.4 ... 

>B ...| 
15 1 
JO ... 
6 


■ \ '■:i;:-:: 


I 1 

___! 1 ■ 

j "j 

... ... '.'.y.'j ... '.'. 

li... 6 .. 




.. 1 |::;"i::p.: 




> 


8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
18 
14 
!.-> 

in 

17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 


... 1.-) 
... 32 

... 1 


:::::;::; ±::; 

3 


1 ! 
1 ! 






.1 ' 1 GO 


IG 


1 ... 


::.!::: ■i:;:::;.: 






... 


!••■ ■*■ •■• 

8.. 

9 ... 1 1 

... G 


1 . 17 .. 

1 oo 

,■■■ '" ■■ 

r 

■o"T"'l 

" r'V 


. ... 




■ 




\ 


1 


:::::: ::t:: "3 :: 




Am. U. P. Church, • • | 1 
Methodist Epis. Do. ... 1 1 


5 2 
... l(j 


1 . 1 


1 1 




1 1 oj. 


...'...i ... 

1 1 


.|... 


Danish Ev. L. Mission,... 
Pres. Ch. of England, ... 
Hernia nnsbnrg Miss. . . . 
Friends' For. Miss. Assn. 
Indian Plome Missiou, ... 
Am. Ger. Ev. Miss. Socy. 
Canadian Bapt. Mission, 
Scotch Epis. Church, ... 
Grig. Sec. Ch. of Scotland 
Canadian Pres. Mission, 
Swedish Ev. Miss. Socy. 
Am. Free ]Nreth. Mission, 
Disciples' Mission, 
Private Missions, etc. ... 

Total, 




...1 


- !•••! - • 




2(> 




::::::::;:i:::i u : 






1 1 


1 


! 1 




27 
28 
29 
•'30 
81 
32 
38 
84 
35 
86 
37 




/■.:;:.:;!::.l.,; 







1 

... 1 

1 .. 

1 .. 

8 -1 


■ '■'■■i 

1 

4 

8 

i 


■. i':i .: ■ 

i ; 

. .'. ... .1 . 

! 






1 

42 
42 


275 1^ 


>17 1123 111 
88128 1 


2 9 1 li 1 128 

I 

! 


2 18 

\1^ 



NATIONALITY OF 3H8SiONARiES— (6Vyi^/i/^f^.) 





















Umted States. . 




1 




'A 


0; 


c 




1 
1 

i 
5 


1 

o 

a 
o 


o 


1 


1 . 


! 

1 

'a 
.1' 

1 


lili Jlili 
ililillillj 


if ■ 

s ^ 
35 1 


1 s 


Total. 


1 










1 




1 


[ 
1 1 


1 


! 


! 




1 
1 

2 
. 1 

1 

T 

10 
'l j 


1 
4;> 


2 










1 
















47 




... 




1 


.5 


V 




1 


1 ... . 








1 2 1.3 


24 


4 


! 








1 ]i:. 


.") 










1 






!*" 








"1 


58 


6 










j i 






1 






■j ■••■ • 




44 


7 










1 • 












1 




s 


cS 










1 
















17 


9 










1 














1 


82 


10 

n 


*2 


1 


"'] 


2 


I 




1 


*l 


8 1 


1 1 


... 1 


... 1 


. :> 21 


36 
79 


12 




u 


1 


1 


j 




'> 1 




7 28 


27 


18 


■ 


1 


1 1 .. 


1 


.) ^ 


H 


14 










1 


» 









- 


17 


ir. 
























i 




25 


18 
























j 




1<> 


17 




















1 




1 


..... ^... 


8 


18 
















2 


1 






1 


8 6 


10 


19 














1 








... 1... . i.. 


. 2 4 


8 


20 


























'ji 












2 


4 


2 
6 


2 






.-. ■" ] 


1 6 


8 

72 


2'? 


2 


2 






. 


9 2 


1... 


4...I... 

i 


i::: ::!.::. : 


.jlO 47 


2S 








16 


24 


























1 ■ 




t^.-i 




























1 


'.?fi 


























j 


]1 


27 


... 




... 




















■| 




28 






... 




















j 


1 


r^ 


29 




























4 


80 




















. 




...1 


1 


7 


9 


:;i 
















1 


1 












;V2 
























... ■■ ■■ ■ 1 




1 


88 






















1.. 








;u 




























8 


8o 






... 
















... 1 ... 




1 


1 


8fi 






• 
















1 


...1 


. 1 2 
. 1 9 


a 


87 






... 






1 






2 




9 


1... 1 1.. 


'>6 


















' 






4 


3 

— 


2 

i 


7 


5 


16 


7 


151 


J 3 i 


1 
1 1 


6 7 2 

j 


2 2 11] 


L 33 1.39 
139 

! 1 


32 

82 

1 


791 
791 



276 



(TV.) 



Indian Missionahy Dikectohy. 

GENERAL MISSIONARY STATISTICS, (1881-85). 



Ameeican Organizations. 



Presbyterians, North 
Presbyterians, South 
United Presbyt" ns of N. A. 
Reformed Prel )y terians 
Reformed (Dutch) Church ... 
Eef. Presbyt'ns, Gen. Synod ... 

7 Reformed (^ erman) Church . . . 

^< Associate Ref. Synod, South ... 

9 Cumberland Presbyterians 

10 Presbyt'n Church in Canada ... 

11 Ev. Lutheran, Gen. Synod 

12 Do. General Council 

Do. Synodical Conference 

13 Congregat'n'lists, A. B. C. F. M. 

14 Am. Missionary Association ... 
l."ii Am. Bap. Missionary l^nion ... 
IH Bap. Southern Convention 

17 Do. Do. Do. Col. ... 

18 Free Baptists 

19 Baptists of Canada 

20 Seventh Day Baptists 

21 Disciples of Christ 

22 Protestant Episcopal Church ... 

23 Reformed Episcopal Church ... 

24 M. E. Church, North 

25 Do. Do. South 

26 African M. E. Church 

27 Do. Do. i^ion Do. 

28 Col'd M. E. Church _ .• 

29 Union Am. Church " ■• 
•50 Evangelical AssociatioJi 

1 United Brethren in Christ 

JNIeth. Prot. Church 

Am. AVesleyans 

Free Methodists 

Primitive Do. 

Independent Methodists 

Meth. Ch. of Canada 
58 M. E. Do. Do. Do. 

39 Pr. M. Do. D... Do. 

40 Bible Christians ., 

41 British M. E. Ch.. Col.. 

42 Consolidated Am. Baptists 

43 Adventists, Seventh Day 

44 Christians 

45 Church of God 
4H Mennonites 

47 Tunkers 

48 Welsh Presbyterians 

49 Friends' Society 

50 Moi avians 



Be- 
gun 
For. 
Mis. 



Workers from 
Christendom. 



Ord. 



Wo- 
men. 



Native 
Workers. 



Ord. 



Otl 



irs 



1837 
1862 
1858 
1859 
1858 
1836 
1838 
1875 
1876 
1844 
1839 
1869 

1810 
1845 
1814 
1845 
1880 
1836 
1866 
1847 
1849 
1835 

1819 
1845 
1844 



1878 
1853 
1880 

1881 



1824 
1824 I 



1840 1 

1876 : 

1842' 

1880 
1.S81 
184U 
1795 
1732 



173 ( 

25 ' 


23 1 


18 


1 


3 

1 20 

! 1 


1 i 

2 I 


.5 




1 




6 


1 


18 


2 ' 


! "^ 


'.'.'. 1 



287 
32 
33 

5 
27 

1 

1 

6 

19 

6 



I 117 I 

! 14 I 

I 8 i 

I I 

i 19 ' 



Native 

Coniniu- 

nic'ts. 



156 

96 

21 

3 

10 

2 

17 

20 

116 
48 
26 



14 


248 




30 


5 


130 




27 


1 


1 


... 


14 1 


••• 


^?i 



12 



16 



140 
17 



147 

2 

190 

17 

10 

17 

1 

6 



34^ 

79 

1 



20 



American Totals. 



2 

1 

9 

24 

150 

1084 



130 t 1251 



22 



976 

34 

250 

187 

12 i 

^ i 
25 ! 

130 j 

200 I 

61 I 

2,036 ! 

50 

2,955 

39 

6 

10 

36 

• 4 

8 

158 

1,885 

• 189 

9 



12 



14 



41 



71 



12 



114 



20 

76 

1,570 



21,051 

1,402 

1,363 

136 

3,196 

200 
120 
825 
2,000 
3.429 
812 



23.210 


387 


117,491 


1,323 


52 


OOI 


1,827 


145 


1,606 


1;357 


35.966 


11,718 


731 


220 


8.546 


1.517 



11124 



1.528 



,300 

20 

819 



51 

830 

1.450 

28,116 



281.438 





Appendices. 










277 


1 1 Be- , 


Workers 


from ! 


Native 1 








o-Ull 


Christendom. ' 


Workers. ! 


Native 


^ i 


European Organizations;. 


Pnr 




Wo- 
men. 




ICommu- 


^ i 


. 


Mfe.r^-'j-ia 


Ord. Oth'rs.j 


nic'ts. 


51; 


Gospel Prop. Society 


1701 


162 6(. 


) 62" 


80 


1,300 


31,996 


o2 


Church 3Iissionary Society . . . 


1799 i 


228 


3.1 


t 15' 


246! 


3,511 


40,757 


53, 


English Baptist Society 


1792 [ 


80 2. 


» •'>;> 


801 


480 


40,982 


54' 


Gen. . Do. Do. 


1816 i 


8, ... 


lo' 


22| 


25 


1,222 


55 


London Missionary Society ... 


1795 1 


1481 




120: 


383 


6,178 


89,359 


5B 


Wesleyan Meth. Socy. 


1814 1 


285l 


51 


) 28r 


290 


1,922 


99,844 


57 


Primitive Do. Do. 


1843 I 


6i 




6' 


2 


5 


387 


58; 


Xevv Connex. Do. Do. 


1860 1 


•^i 




4 


12 


44 


1,197 


59| 


United Free Do. Do. 


1857 i 


171 


... 


111 


15 


158 


• 6,446 


6u' 


Bible Christians 


1821 


65i 




... ' 


1 


339 


4,974 


HI 


English Presbyterians 


1847 


18- 




) S' 


15 


58 


3,105 


H2; 


Establ. Church of Scotland ... 


1827 


12i 


1 


[ 8i 


4 


100 


462 


hhI 


Free and Eef . Church of Do. ... 


1827 1 


381 


3 


1 541 


12 


389 


4,735 


64 


United Presbyt. Do. Do. ... 


1847 i 


80; 




7 15! 


20 


414 


12,043 


«;5, 


Original Secession Church ... 


1871 i 


oi 




2! 




1 




H6i 


Irish Presbyt. Church 


1840 


13 




t! 8, 


12! 


40 


"385 


671 


China Inland Mission ..-. 


1865 


15 


4 


2\ 50; 


... 


104 


1,150 


68' 


Livingstone Inland Mission ... 


1878 1 




1 


5 7' 


... 


4 


... 


69; 


London Society for Jcavs 


1808 1 


"36' 


2 


7 43 


... 


83 


... 


70j 


Col. and Cont. Chr. Society ... 


1823! 


141! 


3 


9 ... 


... 


105 




7li 


Christian Faith Miss. Do, 


1691 1 






... 






... 


72; 


South Amer. Miss. Society 


1844 


lo! 


1 


4 12 






180 


7;}l 


Edinburgh Med. Do. 


1841 


4 




5 3 




■'■ 8 


... 


74 


British Miss. Soc. for Jews 


1842 


12 


1 


5 


... 


78 




75 


Colonial Missionary Society ... 


1836 












76 


Basle Missionary Society 


1815 


821 3 


80 


"28 


295 


8,017 


77 


St. Chrischona Miss. Society ... 


1840 


5] 2 


6 6 




i 12 




78 


Rhenish Missionary Society ... 


1828 


70 


6i 60 


'" 9. 


! 280 


9.260 


79 


North German Do. Do. 


1830 


ii! ... 


! 9 




1 20 


275 


80 


Leipzig Missionary Society ... 


il819 


22i 


2| 22 


"12 


i 278 


13,321 


81 


Berlin Missionary Society 


; 1824 


47 1 


51 30 


2 


302 


8,060 


X2 


Gossners Do. Do. 


j 1836 


14; 


6! 12 


10 


210 


12,680 


83 


Hermannsburg Miss. Society ... ] 1853 
Breckluni Missionary Society... 


40i 4 

4j ... 


5! 40 


20 


37 

... 


4,280 


84 


French Evan?. Do. Do. .., 1822 


25| 


6 26 


2 


. 130 


6,820 


85 


NetherlandRef.Do. Do. ... 1797 


111 


el 6 


4 


43 


91,879 


86 


Do. Do. Union ... | 1858 


8| ..- 


8 




13 


375 


87 


Utretcht Missionary Society ... 1859 


i '^1 


5 6 


1 "* 


16 


61 


88 


JavaComite ... 1856 


3! 


3! 4 




15 


400 


89 


Mennonites Miss. Society ... i 1869 


i 3 


1 


2 3 


1 • 


12 


100 


9*: 


Ermelo Missionary Societv ... j 1846 


i 6 




4 


i •"•'• 


14 


50 


• 01 


Christian Eef. Ch.' Miss. Socy.... ! I860 


4 




2 


i •■• 


5 


60 


92 


Dutch Do. Do. Do. ...|1859 


3 


1 


1 o 


1 


12 


; 200 


93 


Norwegian Do. Do. ... i 1842 


37 


j ■ ' 
j 


3! lb 


'"'s 


228 


3,684 


94 


Lund's Do. Do. ... i 1845 


7 


1 


2I 4 


1 


14 


80 


95 


Stockholm Stads Do. Do. ...'ll853 


4 


•• 


b 




2 


i 300 


96 


Finnish Do. Do. ... {1859 


5 


j 


3 7 


1 "■ 


b 


8 


97 


Angarius Union ... 11865 


1 


i .. 


1 1 


1 ::: 


2 


20 


9^ 


; Free Church, Cant. Do Vaud.... J 1869 


r 


i 


3: z 


i 


fc 


130 


9t 


> Danish Evang. Miss. Society ... 


1821 


7 


■ 


2\ I 


» 1 


2C 


125 


10( 


) Jerusalem Missionary Society... 


1852 


4 




2! c 




'^ 


210 


10] 


Universities' Mission 

European totals, 


1859 


24 


i_J 


L5; u 


'. ■■■] 


m 


250 






l,84iJ 


5 


3611,12] 


L 1.28:- 


1 17,444 


499,869 




American Do. 




1.084 
2,931 


^ 1 

)|.6 


301 L25] 
LI6 2,37; 


L 1.1 4t 
} 2^42;: 


1 n,\24 
28.568 


284,438 




1 Grand totals 




784,307 



INDEX. 



Aaron, 5 

Aaron, D. 140 

Abbott, A. 51 

Abbott, E. L. 164 

Abbott. J. E. 48 

Abbs, J. 88 

Abel, P. 71 
Abeyaskara, J. H. 268 
Abliishekanatkan S. 93 

Abr.iliaiij, (1) 5 

Abvaham, (2) 5 

AbrtOiam, B. 93 

Abraham, G. 93 

Abiaham, I. 71 

..brahaui, V. 93 

Araham Vad. 71 

Abraham, Miss, 262 

Acheson, A. 85 

Adam, J. 36 

Adam, M. T. 3* 

Adams, E. S. 268 

Adams, H. J. 203 

Adams, M. D. 239 

Adams, Miss 265 

.■\damson.. T. 93 

Adamson, Miss, 254 

Addis, J. 41 

Addis, W. B. 36 

Adeikalnm. 5 

Ado^phus, T. P, 98 

Adlington, J. 83 ' 

Ah&mpaiam, P. 268 | 

Aimer, E. 179 \ 

Ainiey, E. W. 88 ! 

Aitken, J. 120 | 

Aitken, Miss, 26? 
AkoIvA Faith 

Mission, 24'6 

Albrecht,-- 20 ' 

Albrecht. F. H. 145 I 



Aldioger. Ch. 



Alexander, A. 116 
Alexander, A. H. 84 
Ale*:ander, F.W.N. 71 
Alexander, J. M. 127 
Alexander, W. M.116 
Ali, Abdul, 93 

Ali, Jani, 71 

Allan, A. L. 26 

Ali, Yaquh, 71 

Allcock, fl. 269 

Allen, D. O. iy2 

Allen, T. 164 

Allen, 1. 10 

Allmitt, R. L. • 85 
Alniitt, S. S. 99 

AHennmeller, H. 140 
Ambrose, 5 

Ambrose, Miss, 255 
Am. Bai'. M.Un. 152 
Do. Burmese M. 152 
Do. Assam M. 156 
Do. Telugu M. 158 
Am. Board, F. M. 45 
Do. Madura M. 53 
Do. Marathi Miss. 45 
Do. Madras Miss. 248 
Am.Ev. LtjTH.M. 186 
Do. Gen. Synod, 18G 
Do. Gen. Council, 188 
Am. F.Bap. Miss 100 
Am. F. Met. Miss. 238 
Am. Pre?. Miss. 124 
Am. i?£F,C.Miss.l92 
Amm^un, F. 145^ 

Amirdam, P. 180' 

Anderson, G. 235 
Anderson, G. T. 21 
Anderson, J. 119 
Anderson, John, 111 
Anderson, d. H, 10 



Anderson, Miss (1) 257 
Anderson, Miss (2)261 
Andrea, S. 140 

Andrias, B. 204 

Andrew, A. IIC 

Andrews, H. SQ 

Andrews, Miss, 256 
Andrews, Miss F. 256 
Anglo-Indian Evan. 
Society, 246 , 

Angus, E. 123 

Angus, Miss, 263 

Ankaipagar, M. B. 48 
Anson, Miss, 26^ 

Ansorge, G. F. H. 85 



Ansorge, P.G. 



80 



145 Anderson, P. 



9 OK 



Anstey, Miss, 261 

Antoni, D. 93 

Antony, V. M. 175 

Apler, 173 

Aponso, G.A. 267 

Appapillai, J. 268 

Appendices, 252 

Appelt, E. D. 178 

Applegate, T. H. 84 

Aratoon, C. G. 20 

Archer, J. B, 86 

Archibald, I. C. 233 

I Ardeu, A, H. 87 

I Armstrong, W. F. 154 

' Armstrong, Miss, 263 

j Arogyasu, G. P. 26 

I Artman, H. G. B. 188 

! Artope, T. 41 

Arulanandam, J. 71 

Arulanantham, D. 71 

Arulappen, J. C. 242 

Arulappen, M. 26 

Arumanayagam, A. 26 

Arumanayagam, G. 71 

Arumanayagam, P. 71 



280 



Indian" Misston/VRY Dt-rkctory. 



Avumanayagam, 


V. 20 


Barllantine, H. W 


. 51 


Baumann, C. 


173 


Arumanayagam, 


Visu- 


Ballantine, W. 


. 48 


Baumann, J 


84 


vasam. 


2G 


Ballou, Miss, 


264 


Baumann, Jas. 


140 


Asbury, F. 


260 


Bamadabe, 


107 


Batwuann, Aliss, 


261 


Asbury, S. R. 


48 


Bambridge, J. J. 


71 


Ba-umo, J. 


204 


Ashcroft, F. 


223 


Bampton, W, 


107 


Baw, J. T. 


93 


AsLton, G. H. 


^U 


Banerjea, B. 


10 


Baylis, F. 


42 


Ashton, J. P. 


2i^ 


Banerjea, C. N. 


2G 


Bayly, Miss, 


205 


Asirvadam. M. 


180 


Banerjea. T. C. 


10 


Bayne, R. 


21 


Asirvadham, A. 


71 


Bankhead, W. H 


. S4 


Bayrah, B. 


2;J3 


Asirvadham, E. 


71 


Bapaji, A. 


71 


Beard, E. 


229 


Asirvadham, S. 


71 


Bapt. Miss SocY 


. 


Beardsley, Mmss, 


264 


Askwitb, Miss, 


259 


Barclay, J. C. 


84 


Beame, Miss, 


2G6 


Atharale, N. V. 


\)-d 


Bardsley, J. W. 


87 


Beatty, W. 


184 


Atkinson. M. N. 


S. 71 


BardNveli, H. 


52 


Beatty, Miss, 


257 


Atkinsan, W. H. 


51 


Bare, C. L. 


214. 


Beatty, Miss, Dr. 


263 


Aiiiee, S. 


8G 


Barenbruek, G. T 


88 


Beauchamp, Miss, 


266 


Auvache, F. W, 


28:3 


Bareubruck, J. T. 


85 


Beaumont, J. S. 


U« 


Aurunodoi, 


10 


Baring, I\ H. 


88 


Beaumont, Miss, 


254 






Barker, C. 


163 


Beddy, H. 


211 


Bach, L. 


145 


Barker, M\ P. 


134 


Beddy, J. F. 


83 


]3acheler, 0. R. 


167 


Barkley, Miss, 


255 


Beebee, J. ' 


268 


Bacheler, Miss, 


258 


Barnes, A. 


57 


Beecher, J. S. 


164 


Bachmann, H. 


140 


Barnes, G. 0. 


184 


Beer, C. H. 


241 


Backus, J. 


270 


Barnes, R. A. 


268 


Beer, G. 


241 


Bacon, J. R. 


2(i 


Bainett, T. H. 


10 


Beer, J. W. 


241 


Bacon, Miss, 


257 


Ban-, J. S. 


198 


Begg, A.P. 


26 


Badley, B. H. 


204 


Barr, Mrs. 


262 


Beilby, Miss. 


261 


Baierlein, E. R. 


17f» 


Barrass, Miss, 


256 


Beisenlierz, H.D I 


..175 


Bailey, A. 


71 


Barrick, T. S. 


106 


Bell,R, J. 


72 


Bailey, B. 


8^'. 


Barrow, Mrs. 


263 


Bell, R. R. 


72 


Bailey, P, 


192 


Barrows, Miss, 


255 


Bell, Miss, (1) 


257 


Bailey, T, 


105 


Barry, D. T. 


88 


Bell, Miss, (2) 


263 


Bailey, W. 


107 


Bartels,— 


173 


Bell, MissH. M. 


266 


Bailey, W. C. 


112 


Bartlett, H. 


87 


Beltz, Miss, 


257 


Jjailev, Miss, 


26U 


Barton, J. 


87 


Benjamin, D. 


267 


Baker, A. H. 


214 


Bartsch, F. 


171 


Benjainin. J. 


267 


Baker, H. 


88 


Basel Mission, 


186 


Benjamin. Judson 


164 


Baker, IL Jr. 


85 


Basten, W, 


127 


Benner, G. 


140 


Baker, S. 


221) 


Basu, P. C. 


168 


Bennett, C. 


164 


Baker, W. G. 


8b 


Bate, J. D. 


10 


Bennett, V. E. 


245 


Bakhsh, N. R. 


71 


Bateman, R. 


72 


, Benson, Miss, 


266 


Balding, J. W. 


2G1J 


Batsch, F. G. 


98 


Benttler J. G. 


85 


Balfour Miss, 


2G8 


Batstone, C. J. 


86 


Berg, 0. 


232 


Ball, A. E. 


71 


Batty, R. B. 


87 


Bergen, G. S. 


127 


Ball, ^S\ H. , 


71 


Batum, G. 


160 


Bergfeldt, E. H. 


145 


Bali, W. J. V 


8() 


Baumann, A, W. 


72 


Bergstedt, D. 


175 


Ballautine. H. 


58 


Baumann. C, Jr. 


72 


Ber], Miss, 


261 



Index. 



281 



Bcrli, D. 


140, 


Boaz, T. 


37 1 


Branch, Miss, 


259 


Bermud, Mis3, 


204 I 


Boerresen, H. P. 


232 


Branch, Miss A. 


260 


Benic, Miss, 


254 


Boesinger, G. 


145 


Brandin, L. 


173 


Besra, Siiam, 


72 


Boggs, G. W. 


51 


Brandon, Miss, 


259 


Besiail, W. J. G. 


268 


B-omfield, Miss, 


264 


Brandon, Mise J. 


259 


Bethel Mission^ 


24a 


Fjlonistrand, A. 


179 


Brandsfeid, C. 


171 


Beiitel, H. F. T. 


72 


Bloomer, ]\lis8, 


260 


Brasche, J. A. 


140 


Beyer, W/L. A. 


171 


Blnmhardt, C. K 


. 84 


Bray ton, D. L. 


154 


Beynon, W. 


?55 


Biumliardt, E. K 


. 8 


Breiihaupt, J. C. 


4 


Bezv,dra, P. 


160 1 


Boardman, G. D 


164 


Bren, H. A. 


72' 


Bhainbal, V. L. 


48 ' 


Bogue, 1). 


22 


Brenner, J. 


116 


Bhojon, 


10- 


Boggs, W. B. 51 


160 


Brenuan, Miss. 


261 


Bhuttaeharjca, J. 


121 


Boggs, Miss, 


265 


Brett;, Miss, 


261 


Bliuttacharjea, B. 


93 


Bobu, F. 


93 


Brice, N. 


251 


Bickersteth, E. ^ 
Bilderbeck, -U^^' 


99 


Boroford, T. 


72 


Brigel, J. J, 


145 


37 


Bomwetsch, C. 


85 


Briggs, W. 


72 


Billing, B. 


93 


Bonamallee, 


107 


Briggs, Miss, 


256 


Billing, Mis3, 


2G4 


Bond, Miss, 


255 


Bright, F. J. 


43 


BLaduuath, 


10 


Boiie, W. M. 


93 


Brittan, Miss, 


260 


Binnev, J. G. 


164 


Bonnar, W. 


223 


Britten, A. 


93. 


Bion, K. 


10 


Bose, M. N. 


244 


Broadhead, J. R. 


102 


Bion, Mis?, 


2G'2 


Bose, J. a 


127 


Broadway, 1). P. 


10 


Bishop, J. H. 


72 


Bose, K. 


72 


Brodhead, A. 


134 


Biss, J. 


20 


Bose, M. 


3 


Brodie, D. 


87 


Bissell, L. 


48 


Bosshard, J. 


145 


Bronson, M. 


163 


Bissell, Miss, 


'2Q2 


Bost, S. 


85 


Brooke, Miss, 


254 


Biswas, K. 


10 


Boteju. D. 


267 


Brooks, J. 


107 


Biswas, K. G. 


72 


Boulter, Pt. S, 


192 


Brotherton, T. 


97 


Biswas, M. 


72 


liounsall, Miss, 


264 


Brooks, W,. 


107 


Biswas, P. 


10 


Bourne^ Miss, 


263 


Brown, C. C. 


21 


Biswas, M. S. 


72 


Bourquin, A. 


145 


Brown, E. F. 


89 


Blackburn, E. P 


. 102 


Bovard, M. Y. 


218 


Brown, James, 


72 


Bixby, M. H. 


1G4 


Bovingh, J. G. 


3 


Brown, J. .(1) 


102 


Biackett, H. F. 


99 


Bowden, E. S. 


241 


Brown, J. (2) 


267 


Blackett, W. B. 


• 88 


Bqwden, W. 


241 


Brown, J. A.. 


223 


Biackman, C. 


S'd 


Bo wen, G. 


214 


Brown, J M. 


87| 


Blackmar, Miss, 


258 


Bowen, W. R. 


204 


Brown, J. J). 


212, 


Biackmore, E. 


88 


j Bower, F. 


72 


Brown, N. 


163 


Blackstock, J. 


214 


Bower, H. 


39 


Brown, T. 


35 


Blaich, J. . 


72 


j Bower, Henry 


98 


Brown. W, 


107 


Blake, A. 


122 


Bowlby, A. E. 


72 


Brown, W. W. 


184 


Blake, B. 


123 


Bowser, W. 


214 


Brown, Miss (1) 


254 


Blake, W. H. 


93 


Boyd, E. 


184 


Brown, Miss, (2) 264 


Blake, W. M. 


43 


Boyd, Miss, 


265 


Brown, Miss S. E 


. 263 


Bland, Miss, 


256 


Bradburn, C. H. 


72 


Browne, M. 


72 


Blandford, Miss, 


259 


Bradbury, J. 


38 


Browne, Miss, 


265 


Blewitt, F. J. 


214 


Braidwood, J. 


120 


Bruce, H. J. 


48 


Blyth, R. B. 


121 


Brain, J. C. 


33 


Bruce, R. 


86 



28i 



Indian Missionary Directory. 



Bmere, W. W. 


2U 


Buyers, W. 


37 


Brunner, E. 


140 






Brunner, K. 


lio 


Caemmerer, A. F. 


97 


Brunotte, J. H. C 


175 


Cain, J. 


72 


Bransdon, D. 


17 


Calderwood, W. 


12.7 


Bruske, J. T. 


171 


Caldwell, A. B. 


199 


Bryant, A. 


269 


Caldwell, Bishop, 


92 


BuchmuUr, J. 


116 


Caldwell, J. 


132 


Buch, C. 


41 


Calhoun, Miss, 


257 


Buck, P. M. 


204 


Caleb J. J. 


127 


Br.ckley, J. 


lOG 


Calej, J. 


72 


Buddepoody, A. 


160 


Cambridge Miss. 


98 


Budden, J. H. 


26 


Camerer, G. 


146 


Budden, Miss, 


258 


Carueron, C, J. 


112 


Buehler, M. 


146 


Camuicrer, A. F. 


4 


Buhrer, A. 


146 


Cairipngnac, J. A 


. 21 


Builder, J. 


2'M; 


Campbell, A. 


116 


Ruksh, S, P. 


10 


Campbell, A; B. 


121 


Bulkley, J. L. 


IM 


Campbel'. C. 


38 


Bullard, E. 


16 i! 


Campbell, I). E. 


133 


BuUard, E. B. 


164 


Campbell, H. M. 


164 


Bulloch, G. M. 


2H 


Campbell, J. 


37 


Buncher, J. H. 


86 


Campbell, tT. F. 


236 


Bun dare, L. 


160 


Campbell, J. R. 


132 


Bund are, Luke, 


160 


Campbell, W. 


35 


Bundare, P. 


IGO 


Campbell, W. H 


.27 


Bunkholdt, Tii.B. 


2o-2 


Campbell, W. W 


160 


Bunker, A. 


154 


Campbell, Miss A 


257 


Btinn, Miss, 


255 


Campbell, Miss M 


.257 


Burgess, E. 


53 


Campbell, do. M.J 


.257 


Burgess, W. 


102 


Canadian B. Miss 


233 


Burn, A. 


86 


Canadian PiiEs. 


Mis- 


Buckingham, W. . 


K. hi 


SION, 


236 


Burckhardt, A. 


146 


Candy, G. 


85 


Burckhardt, J. G. 


146 


Capron, W. B. 


64 


Burder, J. 


234 


Capron, Mrs. 


262 


Burdette, C. E. 


157 


Carey, E. 


20 


Burditt, J. F. 


160 


Carey, F. 


17 


Burkholder, T. W 


. 167 


Carey, J. 


20 


Burnell, A. H. 


57 


Carey, W. Dr. 


14 


Bumell, T. S, 


64 


Carey, W. 


10 


Burnett, A. 


102 


Carey, William, (1)10 


Burton, — 


20 


Carey, William, (2) 20 


Busby, E. S, 


215 


Carlson, A. B. 


188 


Bushell, .W. 


154 


CarlssoD, P. 


237 


Butcher, J. C, 


204 


Carleton, M. B. 


127 


Butler, W. 


210 


Carleton, M. W. 


127 


Butler, Miss, 


259 


■ Carlyon, H C. 


99 



Carpenter, C. H. 
Carr, A. A. 
Carslaw, W. 
Carss, T. C. 
Carter, E. 
Carter, R. E. 
Carter, S. 
Cary, Miss, 
Case, J. E. 
Casinader, C. S. 
Catch pool. Miss, 
Cavalier. A. R. 
Cavore, Y. 
Cavore, Z. 
Cawdell, J. A. 
Chamberlain, J. or. 
Chamberlain, J. 
Chambers, H. 
Champion, E. 
Cham[)ion, G, 
Chand, Tara, 
Chandler, J. E. 
Chandler, J. H. 
Chandler. J. S. 
Chandler, Miss, 
Chandran, P. 
C handy, J. 
Chapin, W. W. 
Chapin, Miss, 
Chapman, J. 
Charn, I, 
Charn, R. 
Chase, Miss, 
Chatterjee, K, C. 
Chatter jee, P. K. 
Chatterjee, T. 
Chatterjee, T. P. 
Cheney, IST. G. 
Cherian, I. 
Cherington, F. B. 
Cherry, H. 
Chester, E. 
Chettle, Miss, 
Child s. Miss, 
Chinnatamby, P. 
Chowdry, B. C. 
Chowdry, M. N. 
Chowdrv, R. R. 



165 

72 

122 

72 

88 

215 

87 

258 

154 

268 

259 

72 

160 

160 

•210 

193 

18 

34 

86 

267 

93 

57 

164 

58 

262 

140 

73 

53 

262 

84 

127 

73 

260 

127 

121 

27 

27- 

212 

73 

211 

60 

58 

259' 

261j 

268 

93 

10 

10 



NDEX. 



28^ 



Chowrrappah, S. J- 21 


Cole, Miss, 


262 


Crewdson, M. F. 


102 


Christian, C. W. 


218 


Coleman, Miss, 


2^9 


Crisp, E. 


35 


Christian, D. 


58 


Coleman, Miss L 


.259 


Crisp, H. 


36 


Christian, S. 


93 


Coles, J. B. 


27 


Crittall, Miss, 


261 


Christian, Y. 


175 


Coles, S. 


269 


Croley, H. 


87 


Christiancj, Miss, 


258 


Coley, H. 


27 


Cronkhite, L. W. 


154 


Christie, G. 


36 


Collins, R. 


86 


Cropper, J. M. • 


107 


Christmas, J. S. 


269 


Collisson, Miss, 


259 


Cross, B. P. 


154 


C. V. E. Society, 


220 


Colman, J. 


164 


Cross, E. B. 


154 


Ch. of Eno. Miss 


. 65 


Colton, J. 


58 


Crow, W. 


35 


Ch. of Scot.Miss 


108 


Corastock, G. S- 


164 


Crumb, A. V. 


155 


Chnndrocoomar, 


10 


Conklin, J. W. 


193 


CuLLis Faith M. 


244 


Churchill G. 


234 


Condon, Miss, 


259 


Cunningham, E. 


211 


Chute, E. 


160 


Conn, J. 


87 


Curien, G. 


73 


Cilley, Miss, 


253 


Conyert, P. A, 


146 


Curien, P. M. 


73 


Clancy, W. E. 


204 


Cooke, as. 


87 


Currie, G. F. 


234 


Ork, A. 


58 


Cooke, Miss, 


263 


Curties, F. W. G 


215 


Cark, E. W. 


157 


Cooksley, M. H. 


73 


Curties, S. 


167 


Clark, H. M. 


73 


Coolej, R. 


168 


Gushing, J. l!^. 


155 


Clark, R. 


73 


Cooling, J. 


102 


Cuthbert, G. G. 


85 


Clark, E. E. 


86 


Coomarappen, T) 


109 


Cutter, 0. T. 


164 


Clark, \V i'liain 


223 


Coomb?, Miss, 


253 


Cutter, W. T. 


187 


Clark, W. 


85 


Cooper, C. 


116 


Cutting, H. A. 


205 


Clark, W., E. L. 


215 


Cooper, J. 


87 






Clarke, Miss, 


255 


Cooper, J. G. 


116 


Dachselt, E. L. 


17G 


Clarkson, W. 


39 


Cooper, Mrs. 


254 


Daeuble, C. G. 


73 


Claj, J. 


98 


Cope, E. 


61 


Daimelhuber, H. 


140 


Clay, -Miss (1) 


259 


Corbold, A. 


42 


Dakin, E. 


21 


Clav, Miss (2) 


259 


Cordes, J. H. C. 


178 


Dak in, Mrs. 


263 


Clifford, A. 


73 


Corfield, E. 


73 


Dal, N. 


9-^ 


Clifford, Miss, 


259 


Cornelius, 0. E. 


10 


Dalziel, J. 


123 


Clifton, E- A. 


215 


Cornish, — 


20 


Dame, P. 


4 


Clough, J. E. 


160 


Costo, T. 


146 


Damenberg, C. 


251 


Cobb C. F. 


85 


Cotton, A. W. 


73 


Danforth, A. H. 


163 


Cobban, G. M. 


102 


Coyerdale, T. E. 


73 


Daniel, H. D. 


267 


Cockey, H. E. 


252 


Cox, J. 


39 


Daniel, H. M. 


212 


Cocks, J. 


252 


Cox, W. W. 


88 


Daniel, S. A. 


123 


Cola, M. 


160 


Craddock, L. 


86 


Danielsson, A. G. 


237 


Colbeck, James A 


. 93 


Craig, John, 


234 


Dan. Ev. Lu. M. 


224 


Colbeck, John A. 


93 


Craig, J. 


132 


Dan. M. Society, 


1 


CoLAR Faith Mission, 


Craig, Miss, 


257 


Dann, G. I. 


11 




244 


Cran, G. 


32 


Darhng, T. Y, 


85 


Colburn, I. D. 


165 


Crane, N. M. 


63 


Darvall, T. E. 


93 


Coldren, M. J. 


167 


Crayen, T. 


204 


Das, G. C. 


11 


Cole, F. T. 


73 


Crawford, Miss, 


253 


Das, H. 


106 


Cole, J. 


27 


Crawley, A. R. 


164 


Das, I. 


185 


Cole, W, 13, 


86 


Creamer, A. G. 


215 


Das, l33, 


205 



2S4 



Indian Missionary Directory. 



Das, L. M. 


11 1 


Deenabundhu, 


107 


Digel, T. 


140 


Das, M. 


106 


D^r^, W. J. 


83 


Dignum, A. A, 


27 


Das, Thakur, 


199 


Deggeler. B. 


146 


Dilger, W. B. 


140 


Das, N. L. 


27 


Dehlinger, J. 


146 


Dillon, A. 


11 


Dauble, G. 


163 


Deimler, J. G. 


74 


Diogo, 


5 


Daud, C. 


27 


Denham, W. H. 


21 


Disciples' Miss. 


239 


Daur, I. 


140 


Dennis, J. J. 


42 


Discon'd Mi88ions248 


Davenport, E. D. 


164 


D era she, 0. 


160 


Dixon, H. 


86 


David, A. 


27 


Deuber, Z. 


146 


Dixon, J. B. 


83 


"David, B. 


98 


Devalam, A. 


27 


Dixon, W. 


185 


David, C. 


270 


Devaprasadham, D. 74 


Dobbin, 0. T. 


37 


David, D. 


175 


Devaprasadham, M. 74 


Dobler, A. 


146 


David, Dev.% 


176 


Devaprasatliain, M, 74 


Doderlein, M.L. J 


.179 


David, I. 


m 


Devasagagam, K. 


176 


Dodt, F. C. 


173 


David, Joseph (1) 


74 


Devasayagam, M. 


58 


Doi, H. F. 


•242 


David, Joseph (2) 


112 


Dcvasagayani, N. 


176 


Doll, W. A. H. 


242 


David, J. I. 


112 


Devasagaj'am, S. 


93 


Don, J. D. 


122 


David, M. 


74 


Devasirvadam; N. 


176 


Don, Miss, 


254 


David, P. 


74 


Dewar, J. 


122 


Donaldson, J.' 


34 


David, S. (1) 


74 


Dewar, Miss, 


259 


Duran, J. W. 


83 


David, S. (2) 


93 


De, G. C. 


93 


Douglass, J. 


116 


Davidson, A. 


86 


Dey, I. C. 


103 


Douglass, J. L. 


164 


Davidson, Miss, 


256 


De Bruyn, — 


20 


Douglass, J. M. 


236 


Davidson, Miss E 


.256 


DeCruz, D. 


20 


Douglass, Mrs. 


255- 


Davies, J. W. 


103 iDe Line, Miss, . 


258 


Donthalure, Y. 


160 


Davies. Miss, 


262 


DeMonte, F. 


21 


Dow, J. 0. 


168 


Davis, B. 


74 


DeRodt, R. 


39 


Dowbiggin, R. T. 


269 


Davis, F. G. 


219 


DeEozario, F. J. 


84 


Dowiif^s^ E. 


88 


Davis, H. 


^8 


DeSilva, H. 


269 


Downey, J. R. 


212 


Da^e, Miss, 


260 


DeSilva, Hen. 


269 


Downey, Miss, 


258 


Dawson, James, 


33 


DeSilva, J. 


20 


Downie, D. 


160 


Dawson, J. 


122 


DeSilva, Job. 


270 


Downs, Miss, 


257 


Dawson, John, 


164 


DesGrangos, A. 


32 


Doxey, J. S. 


88 


Dawson, T. 


83 


De St. Dalmas, ft 


. G. 


Drake, D. H. 


161 


Dawson, W. 


39 


E. 21 


,246 


1 Dredge, A. 


85 


Dawson, Miss, 


256 


De Vine, Miss, 


258 


i Dresden Miss. Sy 


. 174 


J)aT, H. D. 


88 


Dhalawani, K. M 


. 49 


Drew, W. 


93 


Day, L.B. 


121 


Dhar, K. 


205 


Drew, W. H. 


37 


Day, 8: S. 


]63 


Dhormonarayan, 


11 


|Droese, C. 


41 


Day. Miss, 


255 


Dibb, A. 


SQ 


Droese, E. 


74 


D'Crnz, J. A. 


11 


Dick, J. C. 


43 


Drummond, J. 


121 


Dc, B. N. 


116 


Dickenson, Miss, 


262 


Drummond, M. 


74 


De, K. N. 


116 


Dickson, Miss, 


260 


Dry den, Miss, 


265 


Dean, S. C. 


51 


Didlaukies, I). 


171 


Drvnan, Mrs, 


261 


Dean, W. 


164 


Diemer, J. C. 


4 


D'Souza, C. W. 


215 


Dease, S. S. 


205 


Dietrich, F. S. 


188 


Duff, A., Dr. 


119 


Deauhle, Miss, 


259 


piez, C. A. E. 


140 


Duffadar, A. C. 


11 


Deauble, Miss L. 


259 


iDigbv, Miss, 


260 


D ulai, 


1 



IXDEX. 



2!^5 



Dulles, J. W. 


249 1 


Rllis, J. R. 


103 i 


Fenn, D. 


85 


Duncan, Miss, 


254' 


Ellis, P. A. 


94 


Penn, J. 


83 


Dunhill, Miss, 


2GG 


Ellis, R. J. 


21 


Fentiman, A. 


103 


Dunne, D. H. G. 


93 


Ellis, Mrs. 


263 


Fenwick — 


20 


Durrant, G. B. 


74 


Ellison. J. 


11 


Ferguson, W. 


112 


Duthie, J. 


27 


E'well, J. T. 


155 


Ferdinando, D. J. 


268 


Duthie, Miss, 


264 


Ellwood, J. P. 


74 


Ferdinando, D. P. 


267 


Dutt A. 


205 


Elmslie, J. 


87 


Fernandez, D. 


141 


Butt, G. C. 


11 


Elsaesser, T. 


141 


Fernandez, I. 


20 


Dutt, K. N, 


27 


Elwin, Miss, 


255 


Fernando, H. 


268 


Dutt, R. 


93 


Emlym, J. 


27 


Fernando, J. 


267 


Dutt, T. 


205 


Endle, S. 


94 


Ferris, G. H. 


128 


Dwight, R. 0. 


62 


Eng ish, G, 


85 


Feucliter, C. 


141 


Dyer, J. A. 


116 


English, Miss, 


258 


Fieg, I. 


141 


Dyer, Miss, 


260 


Elonis, J. J. H. 


84 


Fieldbrave, I, 


205 


Dyson, S. 


56 


Ephrain, T. 


75 


Field brave, J. 


212 


Dyson, Miss, 


261 


Ernsberger, D, 0, 


215 


Findlay, W. H. 


103 






Erhardt, J, 


75 


Fink, J. C. 


20 


Eales, H. W. 


74 


Ernst, C. 


141 


Finkh, A. 


146 


Eames, M. 


58 


Essig, C. 


146 


Finnimore, A. K. 


75 


Early ' Danish 


Miss. 


Eteson, R. 


83 


Fischer, J. 


141 


SOCY. 


1 


Ettirajulu, S. 


121 


Fisk, W. 


205 


Eastman, Miss, 


255 


Evans, B. 


11 


Fitzpatrick, T. H 


85 


Eastou, Miss, 


258 


Evans, C. 


20 


Fjellstedt, P. 


83 


Eble, G. 


140 


Evans, E. J. 


42 


Flavel, S. 


35 


Eckard, J. R. 


60 


Evans, J. E. 


221 


Fleming, G. T. 


269 


Eddy, B. T. 


219 


Evans, R. 


190 


Fletcher, J. C. 


268 


Edresinghe, F. D 


270 


Evans, T. 


19 


Fletcher, W. 


27 


Edmonds, J. 


35 


Evans, W. W. 


21 


Fletcher, Miss, 


264 


Edmonds, W. J. 


87 


Evans, Miss, 


255 


Flett, Miss, 


261 


Edward., E. 


21 


Eveleth, F. H. 


155 


Flower, W. 


39 


Edwards, J. 


109 


Every, C. 


86 


Flynn, D. J. 


94 


Edwards, T. 


74 


Ewart, D. 
Ewen, J. 


119 


Fonseka, D. 


268 


Edwards, T. R. 


11 


11 


Fonseka, E. P. 


268 


Eger, Miss, 


256 


Ewing, J. C. R. 


128 


Foote, F. W. 


205 


Eidnaes, P. 


171 


Ewing, Miss, 


254 


Foote, L. E. W. 


87 


Eisfelder, F. 


140 






Forbes, A. 


34 


Ekholm, F. G. 


237 


Fabricius, J. P. 


4 


Ford, G. 


61 


Elder, W. 


123 


Fairbank, S. B. 


49 


Forman, C- W. 


128 


Elias, P. 


27 


Fairbank, Miss, 


262 


Forman, H. 


128 


Eliatamby, S. 


269 


Fairclough, J. 


94 


Forrest, Miss, 


263 


Ellington, W. 


87 


Falconer, Miss, 


261 


Forsyth, E. 


32 


Ellington, Mrs. 


260 


Fallon, Miss, 


261 


Foulkes, T. 


85 


Elliott,. E. W. 


74 


Fallon, Mrs. 


251 


Fountain, J. 


15 


Elliot, M. C. 


21 


Falls, S. 


205 


Fox, D. 0. 


215 


Elliot, J. A. 


103 


Farrar, C. P. 


83 


Fox, H. Yi. 


84 


Elliott, Miss, 


258 


Farrar, Miss, 


53 


Francis, E. B. 


21 


Ellis, J. D. 


20 


FGndall Miss, 


266 


FranckCj G. 


141 



2M 



Indian IvhssioxAnY Dirkctohy. 



Fraser, A. G. i^lO 

Free Ch. of Scot. 
Mission, 113 

Freeman, J. E. 132 
Freiday, J. A. 155 

French, 0. 53 

Frencli, Bishop,r.V. 85 
French, Miss, 264 

French, Do. M. E. 264: 
Frev, H. 146 

Friends' Mission, 229 
Friend. C. 63 

Frith, Miss, 265 

Fritz, J. M. 146 

Frohnmeyer, J. 141 
Frost, A. H. 86 

Frost, E. 52 

Frost, J. 122 

Frost, K- D. 168 

Fruchtenicht, L. C. 4 
Fry, E, S. 27 

Fucbs, J. 85 

Fuller M. B. 246 

Fuller, Miss, 2a 1 

Fuller, Miss D. A. 258 
Fullerton, U. S. 133 
FuUerton, Miss, 257 
Fullonton, J. 167 

Funk, J. 141 

Furtado, I. 141 

Furtado, S. 141 

Fjfe, W.C. 120 

Fynes-Clinton, D, 86 
Fvvie, A. * 35 
Fyvie, W. 33 

Gabb, J. 75 

Gabriel, T. 234 

Gadney, A. 94 

Gage, Miss, 255 

Galbraith, R. 87 

Gannaway, J. F. 43 

Garden, J. H. 215 

Gardiner, T. 121 

Gardner, J. W. 122 

Gardner, Miss, 260 

Gardner, Miss H. 254 

Garrett, J. 5^ 



Garrett, J. G. 269 

Garton, Miss, 255 

Gasperson, S. E. 268 

Gaster, T. G. 86 

Gates, L. S. 49 

Gault, Miss, 261 
Gayakawad; H. D. 49 

Gayford, G. 229 

Gaze A. E. 27 

Gehriug, F. C. A. 176 

Geidt, B. 85 

Geisinger, Miss, 257 

Gengnagel, 141 

Gehrich, Miss, 259 

Gemsky, 0. l1] 

Gen. Bap. Miss'n, 105 

George, D- F. 167 

George I.. King, 1 

lorge, W. 155 

Gericke, C. W. 4 

German, W. 179 
Ger. Ev. Mission, 230 

Gerloch, J. W. 4 

Gerpen, Y. 173 

Ghose, B. C, 94 

Ghose, B. N. 75 

Ghose, D. 11 

Ghose, U. N. 11 

Gibson, R. 21 

Gibson, Miss,' 258 

Giester, J. E. 4 

Gilder, C. 94 

Gilder, G. K. 215 

Gill, J. H. • 205 

Gillespie, E. 184 

Gilruth, a: 215 

Given, Miss, 257 

Gladwin, W. J. 246 

Glardon, A. 223 

Glasell, J. 178 

Glasgow, A. 185 

Glasgow, J. 185 

Do. Miss. Socy, 108 

Glen, W. 40 

Gloria, E. E. 103 

Gmelin, F. 87 

Gnanakau, M. 94 

Gnanakun, S. 27 



Gnanamuttu, A. (1) 75 
Gnanamuttu, A. 270 
Gnanamutta, D. 75 
Gnanamuttu, V. (1) 75 
Gnanamuttu, V. (2) 94 
Gnanaolivoo, J. (1) 94 
Gnanaoliroa, J. (2) 94 
Gnanapragasam, A. 94 
Gnanapragasam, D. 94 
Gnanapragasam, IST. 94 
Goanapragasam, P. 94 
Gnanayutham, P. 75 
Gnanayutham, P. 94 
Goadby, J. 107 

Goadby, J. 0. 107 

GODAVERY MlS3. 241 

Goettsching, G. 176 
Goffin, H. J. 27 

Gogerly, G. 34 

Goiieen. J. M. 128 

Gojar, C. 141 

Goldsmith, H. D. 75 
Goldsmith, M. G. 75 
Goluknath. I'^S 

Goluknath, H..'^ 128 
Good, Miss, ' 259 
Goodall, F. 86 

Goodall, P. 86 

Goxlore, E. 161 

Goodore, Y. 161 

Goodwin, F. A. 219 
Gookey, H. D. Y. 44 
Goombarde, E. 161 
Goonewardene, G. 267 
GOPALQUNGB Miss. 244 
Gordon, A. 199 

Gordon, G.M. 87 

Gordon, J. 32 

Gordon, J. W. 83 

Gordon, Miss, 264 

Gordon, Miss E. E. 257 
Gordon, Miss E.G. 257 
Gordon, MissJM.A. 264 
Gore, Miss, * 259 

Goreh, N. 240 

Goreb, Miss, 259 

Gospel Propagation 
Socy. 90 



Index. 



287 



Tjossner, Pastor^ 


169 


Grime, G. T M. 


88 Hall,G. 


52 


Gossner's Miss. 


169 


Grime, Miss', 


259 


Hall, L. 


164 


Gostick, F. W. 


103 


Grimm, J. 


141 


Hall, M. 


147 


Goudie, W. 


103 


Gritton, J. 


86 


Hall, J. W. 


75 


Goulding, Miss, 


254 


Groenning, W. 


188 


Hallam, E. C. B. 


19 


(xonrchand, 


11 


Groenning, C. W. 


187 


Haller, J. 


147 


Gowan, T. 


205 


Grossman, G. 


141 


Hallett, T. E. 


86 


Gracey, J. T. 


210 


Grubert, H. A. 


180 


Hamilton, J. M. 


li)9 


Graeter, J. B. 


141 


Grundler, J. E. 


3 


Hampson, J. 


34 


Graham, J. P. 


128 


Guest, J. 


97 


Hampton, — 


20 


Grahl, K. E. 


180 


Guilford, E. 


75 


Hancock, R. B. 


1^4 


G-rant, C. M. 


112 


Guillamet, Miss, 


261 


Hancock, Mrs. 


255 


Grant, T. 


107 


Gulliford, H. 


103 


Handcock, W. 


87 


Grant, W. L. 


17 


Gunasekera, H. 


269 


Handmann. H. R 


.176 


Graves, A. 


52 


Gunasekera, J. J. 


267 


Handrich, J. 


147 


Graves, Miss, 


260 


Gunasekera, 0. J. 


267 


Hands, J. 


33 


Gray, A. D. 


223 


Gundert, F. ' 


147 


Hanbart, L. G. 


141 


Gray, J. 


223 


Gundert, H. 


147 


Hansda, B, 


75 


Gray, J, H. 


84 


Gundert, S. 


147 


Haqq, Z. 


205 


Gray, P. 


205 


Gundum, P. 


161 


Harcourt, V. W. 


75 


Gray, R. 


212 


Gungasapu, P. 


161 


Hard, C. P. 


215 


Gray, W. 


86 


Gunn, W. 


187 


Hardin, Miss, 


255 


Gray, Miss, 


260 


Gurney, A, K. 


157 


Harding, C. 


49 


Gray, Miss, A. C. 


260 


Gurubadham, A. 


75 


Harding, Miss, 


261 


Gray, Miss. J. M. 


264 


Gurubadbam, I. 


75 


Harding, Do. R.E 


. 262 


Graybiel, Miss, 


265 


Gutterson, G. H, 


58 


Harding, J. 


85 


Greaves, R. P. 


86 


Guyton, R. F. 


11 


Harington C. S. 


75 


Greaves, ^. 


28 






Harle, J. 


34 


Green, W. 


133 


Haberlin, J. 


83 


Harley, H. 


85 


Green, Miss, • 


258 


Hacker, I. H. 


28 


Harms, H.C. 


227 


Green, Miss L. 


258 


Hackett, H. M. M 


[. 75 


Harper, W. 


109^ 


Greenfield, Miss, 


256 


Hadden, Miss, 


261 


Harpster, J. H. 


187 


Green way, W. 


20 


Haeberlin, C. 


173 


Harris, Miss, (1) 


260 


Greenwold, F. W 


. 205 


Haegert, A. R. E 


. 243 


Harris,' Miss, (2) 


261 


Greenwood, W. 


83 


Haerlin, E. 


147 


Harris, N. 


164 


Gregg, Miss, 


259 


Hafner, J. 


141 


Harris, W. 


37 


Gregory, Mi^s, 


262 


Hagelund, P. R. 


4 


Harrison, H. J. 


94 


Gregson, J. 


21 


Hahn, C. F. R. 


147 


Harrison, J. 


75 


Gregson, J. G. 


21 


Hahn, C. H. P. 


171 


Hart,— 


20 


Greiff, J. E. 


U 


Haig, A. 


99 


Hart, Miss, 


256 


Greiner, G. 


146 


Haigh, H. 


103 


Harts, Miss, 


260 


Grieshaber, J. L. 


146 


Haigh, J. S, 


221 


Hartmann, M. 


173 


Grieve, A. C. 


116 


Haines, T. 


28 


Hartmaun, R. 


142 


Griffin, Z. B. 


167 


Haitz, Miss, 


259 


Harvey, Miss, 


262 


Griffin, Miss, 


254 


Halbrock,'E. 


141 


Harvey, Do. E. L 


. 258 


Griffith, E. M. 


269 


Hale, H. W. 


155 


Hascal, W. H. S. 


155 


Griffith, Miss, 


257 


Hall, A. C. 


160 


Blasell, S. . 


85 


Griffiths G. 


190 


Hall, George, 


42 


Hagenwandel, W. 


147 



288 



Indian Missionary Directory. 



Haslam, T. 


44 


Hesse, J. 


147 


Holbeck, J. L. 


87 


Hastings, E. P. 


269 


Hewitt, J. 


185 


Holcomb. J. F. 


128 


Hastings, R. C. • 


2r,9 


Hewlett, Miss, 


259 


Holden, T. 


76 


Hastings, T. 


75 


Hewlett, J. 


28" 


Holdsworth, W. W.103 


Haswell, J. M. 


164 


Heyde, A. W. 


196 


Hole, C. 


142 


Haswell, J. K 


164 


Heyer, C. F. 


187 


Hollyer, Miss, 


265 


Haswell, Miss, 


255 


Heyl, P. 


135 


Holzberg, J. M. 


4 


Hafcliell, Miss, 


260 


Hevne, S. G. 


97 


Holzenberg, G. 


251 


Haubme L. 


4 


Hibbard, C. L. 


164 


Honiss, :N". 


87 


Hauff H. 


U7 


Hicks, W.W. 


211 


Hook, MisSj 


260 


Hahri, R. 


142 


Higby, Miss, 


255 


Hooper, W, 


76 


Hausser, G. 


147 


Higgens, E. T. 


269 


Hooper, Miss, 


253 


Haiiser^ J. 


230 


Higgs, T. K. 


37 


Hope, W. 


87. 


Hanser, I. L. 


211 


Highton, Miss, 


259 


Hopkinson, H. 


165 


Hawes, R. 


84 


High ton, Miss E. 


259 


Hopper, R. 


76 


Hawker, J. G. 


28 


Hill, J. . 


35 


Hoppner, F. H. T 


. 94 


Hawks worth, J. 


84 


Hill, J. F. 


106 


Hoppner, Miss, 


260 


Hay, J. 


28 


Hill, J. R. 


94 


Horsley, H. 


269 


Hay,L. G. 


133 


Hill, M. 


34 


Horst, 0. H. 


4 


Hay, Miss, 


266 


Hill, R. A. 


199 


Hortou, Miss, 


264 


Haycock, W- H. 


252 


Hill, S.J. 


28 


Hoskins, R. 


206 


Hazen, A. 


51 


HiP, W. 


107 


Hough, G. H. 


164 


Hazen, H. C. 


59 


Hill, W. H. 


41 


Houston, J. 


122 


Healey, Miss, 


261 


Hill, Miss, 


256 


Howard, H, 


164 


Heberlet, P. E. 


106 


Hiller, C. 


147 


Howe, Miss, 


260 


Hebicli, S. 


147 


Hillis, Miss, 


266 


Howell, T. 


76 


Hechler, D. 


85 


Ilirner, G. 


142 


Howell, W. 


35 


Hector, J . 


116 


Hislop S. 


120 


Howland, S. W. 


269 


Hedrick, Miss, 


258 


Hobbs, S. (1) 


84 


Howland, W. S. 


59 


Heelis, T. 


241 


Hobbs, S. (2) 


84 


Howland, W. W. 


269 


Heeren, E. J. 


104 


Hobbs, W. A, 


247 


Hov, Miss. 


258 


Heinig, H. 


18 


Hobday, G. 


103 


Hubbard, A- R. 


262 


Hekhuis, L. 


193 


Hobusch, F. 


176 


Hubbard, C. 


97 


Hemrom, A. 


172 


Hocb, M. 


142 


Hubbard, G. W. 


52 


Ilenderson, W. 


120 


Hoch. W. . 


147 


Hubbard, H.H. 


85 


Henderson, Miss, 


259 


Hocken, C. H. 


103 


Hubbard, Miss, 


254 


Hendrie, J. 


223 


Hodge, A. A. 


133 


Huber J. (1) 


147 


Henley, W. 


270 


Hodges, E. :N. 


75 


Huber, J. (2) 


148 


Henry, A. 


134 


Hodgson, T. R. 


88 


Huebner, IST. 


148 


Hepp, F. 


373 


Hoerberg, S. P. 


176 


Hudson, J. 


103 


Herbert, E. P. 


75 


Hoernle, C. T. 


84 


Huettinger, C. 


148 


Herdman, J. C. 


111 


Hoernle, J. F. H. 


87 


Hughes, G, 


190 


Hermelink, J. 


142 


Hoernle, I. T. H. 


76 


Hughes, T. P. 


•87 


Herrick, J, 


61 


Hoernle, Miss, 


259 


Hull, J. J. 


185 


Herron, D. 


128 


Hoernle, Miss, M 


260 


Hume, E. S. 


49 


Hervey, W. 


52 


Hofer, L. 


86 


Hume, R. A. 


49 


Herre, W. 


147 


Hoisington, H. R 


. 62 


Hume, R. W. 


53 


Herma>n6b'eg M 


. 227 


Hoisington, H. L 


269 


Hume, Miss, 


262 



* Index. 



283 



Humplirey, J. L. 


210 


Jackson, G. \\. 


230 


John J Samlj. 


76 


Humphrey, W. T 


84 


Jacfeson, H. 


210 


Johns, W. 


20 


Hunt, P. 'R. 


249 


Jackson, J. 


21 


Johnson, A. 


87 


Hunt, T. P. 


269 


Jackson^ Joseph 


76 


Johnson, A. 0. 


134 


Hunt, Miss, 


259 


Jackson, Miss, 


261 


Jolmson, E. 


85 


Hunter, R, 


120 


Jaco, K. 


76 


Johnson, E. C. 


21 


Hunter, T. 


112 


Jacob, A, X 


76 


Johnson, J. 


84 


Hunziker, J. 


148 


Jacob, J. 


240 


Johnson, J. J.. 


76 , 


Hurd, I. K. 


249 


Jacobi, C. A. • 


4 


Johnson, R. 


12f> 


Husband, J. 


223 


Jacobi, J. 


142 


Johnson, T. S. 


20(; 


Husk, Miss, 


258 


Jacobs, S. P. 


215 


Johnson, William 


,. 29 


Huss, E. W. 


173 


Jaeschke, H. A. 


196 


Johnson, AV. 


87 


Hutcheson, J. 


109 


Jaganadham, P. 


28 


Johnson, W. F. 


128 


Hutchings, S. 


249 


James, A. 


76 


Johnson, Miss, 


25r> 


Hutchinson, J. R. 


234 


James, W. B. 


11 


Johnston, R. D. 


40 


Hutchison, H. A. 


44 


James, W. R. 


11 


Johnston, Miss, 


263 


Hutchison, Miss, 


257 


Jameson, A. P. C 


.223 


Jonalagedda, E. 


161 


Plutteman, G. H. 


C. 4 


Jameson, M. 


155 


Jones, Daniel, 


191 


Hutton^ D. 


28 


Jamieson, J. jST, 


132 


Jones, D. 


11 


Hyde, Miss, 


258 


Janicke, J. D. 


4 


Jones, J. 


190 






Janney, L. R. 


216 


Jones, J. I. 


269 


Ignatius, J. 


94 


Jan.vier, J. T. 


206 


Jones, J, P. 


59 


Ihle, A. 


224 


Janvier, L. 


133 


Jones, J. T, 


164 


Ihlefeld, K. A. A 


. 180 


Jar dine, R. 


112 


Jones, P. J. 


76 


Ilsley, J. 


269 


Jarman, D.- 


94 


Jones, S. 


43, 


Imam-ud-Din, 


76 


Jans, J. 


142 


Jones, T. ■ 


191 


Ind^a, P: 


161 


Jayasakara, A. W 


. 270 


Jones, Thomas, 


191. 


Indian Home 


Mis- 


Jeffries, E. 


216 


Jones, T. J. 


190 


SI ON, 


231 


JePinghaus, T. 


173 


Jones, W. 


43 


Ino-alls, L. 


164 


Jennings, H. E. 


88 


Jones, W. E. 


94 


Inglis, T. E. 


128 


Jennings, R. 


36 


Jones, W. M. 


29 


Innian, A. 


94 


Jensen, H 


224 


Jones, Miss, 


260 


InneSj J. 


84 


Jeremy, D. 


76 


Jordon, C. 


11 


Insell, T. 


28 


Jerrom, T. 


85 


Jordon, J. 


206 


Irion, Ch. 


148 


Jerrom, Miss, 


256 


Jordon, P; 


3 


Irish Presbyterian 


Jervis, A. S; 


184 


Joseph, D. 


94 


Miss. 


181 


Jesudason, J. 


"94 


Joseph, P. 


76 


Irving, D. 


133 


Jetter, J, A. 


83 


Joseph, T. 


188-. 


Isaac, S. 


59 


Jewett, L. 


161 


Joslma, J. 


2 9 


Isaacson, W. 


218 


Jewson, A. 


31 


Joss, W. 


29 


Isenberg, C, W, 


87 


Joel, E. 


206 


Jost, J. 


212 


rsenberg,C.W.H 


[. 84 


Johannes, J. 


21 


Judd, c. w. 


23l> 


Ishaq, Malik, 


76 


John, B. 


187 


Judson, A. 


1<^2 


Ismail, M. 


112 


John, C. S. 


4 


Jukes, A. 


• 76 


I war, K. A. 


237 


John, E. V. 


7^ 


Jukes, W. 


76. 






John, J. 


76 


Just, E. 


176 


Jack, J. 


116 


John, Jacob, • 


242 






Jacheck, R. C. 


107 


John, S. 


269 


Kabis, J. B.C. 


176 



290 



Indian Missionary DmEcroiiY. 



Kaehler, Mis3, 
Kahl, L. 0. 
Kalachand, 
Kalberer, L. 
Kalpage, J. P. 
Kamalam, J. 
Kampfhenkel, C. 
Kamsica, J. 
Kanakiah, N. 
Kanwarsain, 
K an n anger, H. 
Kar marker, V", B. 
Karre, P. 
Kastenclieck, H. F 
"Kanfmaim, P. 
Kaundinya, H. A. 
Keay, Miss, 
Keariis, Mrs, 
Keeler, Miss, 
Keith, J. 
Kelber, G. C. 
K el ley, E D. 
Kellev, E. W. 
Kelley, K. 
"Kelley, Miss, 
Kelley, Mrs. 
Kellogg. S. H. 
Kelso, A. P. 
Kember, T. 
Kempff, J. M. 
Kendall, H. R. 
Kennedy, J. 
Kennet, C. E. 
Kenney, R. 
Keppler, C. 
Keer, A. 
Kerr, Miss, 
Kerry, G. 
Kerry, J. G. 
Keuler, F. 
Kban, M. 
Kliarsadji, S. 
Klijsliti, H. R. 
Khristocliitt, N. 
Khristcbitt, R. 
Kbristkaliyan, G. 
Kliundajee, D. 
Kiefel, E. W. A. 



261 

17i> 

12 

21 

270 

29 

172 

148 

161 

129 

269 

53 

234 

206 

148 

148 

261 

259 

255 

33 

179 

165 

155 

161 

258 

255 

J 35 

129 

77 

176 

88 

39 

98 

83 

142 

185 

258 

12 

12 

148 

206 

77 

35 

172 

94 

172 

216 

172 



J. Z. 



Kiebne, A. 
Kiernandei 
Kies, J. G. 
Kimball, Miss, 
Kinaram, 
Kmdlinger, J. 
King, C. 
King, C. D. 
KingsLury, Miss, 
Kinkaid, E. 
Kinsey, Miss, 
Kiranodoi, 
Kirk, M. B. 
Kistenmaclier, J, 
Kittel, F. 
Kittel,' J. 
Klein, J. 
Kluge, — 
Knapp, H. E. 
Knansenberger, I 
Knight, J. L. 
Kniil, R. 
Knittell, H. 
Knobloch, J. 
Knott, J. W. 
Knorpp, J.' C. G. 



, J- 
J. H, 

S. 



Knowles 
Knowles, 
Knowles, 
Knowles, Miss, 
Kondsen, H. 
Kobiraj, R. K. 
Koch, L. 
Kofoed, C. 
Kohler, A. 
Koblhoti', r 
Kohlhoff, J. 
Kohlboff, J. 
Kolilhotr, J. 
Kojilmeier, C. 
Kondapale, V. 
Konig, J. F. 
KooRKOo Mission 
Koratha, K. 
Koshi, K. 
Kothe, H. W. 
Krapf, J. 
Krapf. Miss, 



B. 



228 

4 

148 

260 

12 

83 

94 

157 

265 

164 

265 

12 

219 

H. 3 

142 

148 

4 

173 

164 

. 148 

86 

33 

142 

142 

88 

84 

29 

77 

206 

258 

5 

21 

252 

224 

148 

98 

77 

4 

4 

227 

161 

4 

,243 

77 

77 

227 

142 

260 



Krauss, C. F. 
Krauss, C. T. 
Kreiss, F. A. 
Kremmer, C. F 
Krishnayya, G. 
Kristna, J, 
Kroecher, W. 
Kruger, F. 
Kruger, H. C. 
Kruckeberg, H. 
Kshirasagar, A. 
Kiibler, T. G. 
Kugler, Miss, 
Kuehnle, G. 
Knllen, S. 
Kundla, Y. 
Kurniwella, K. 
Kurruwella, W. 
Kyle, Miss, 



148 
84 
84 

176 
77 
94 

173 
95 

227 

a 83 

B- 49 

42 
265 
142 

148 
161 

77 

G. 77 

258 



Lacey, C, 
Lpcroix, A. F. 
Laidler, S. 
Laing, Miss, 
Laird, Miss, 
Lakra, H. 
Lakra, R. 
Lakshman, A. M. 
Lai, C. 
Lai, K. 
Lai, M. • 
Lab S. 
LaRoche, B. 
Lamb, R. M. 
Lambert, J. A. 
Lane, T. 
iLaneroel, G. J). 
jLang, J. P. 
JLangdon, S. 
Langel, J. L. 
Lapham, II. A. 
Late ward, H. E, G. 
Latham, J. 
Latham, \Y. 
Lathrop, Miss, 
Lanck, Miss, 
LautTer, J. 
Lawrence, J. 



107 

36 

34 

254 

254 

372 

172 

172 

206 

77 

129 

110 

83 

85 

29 

87 

268 

112 

268 

148 

267 

95 

8;> 

77 

260 

258 

142 

20 



Index. 



•2:>»] 



Lawrence, J. J. Q2 

Lawrence, R. M, 168 

Lawrence, Miss, 255 

Ijawson, J. 20 

Lawson, J. C. 207 

Lawson, Miss, 258 

Layer, J, 143 

Layer, John, 148 

Layton, Miss, 258 

Lazarus, Gr. 95 

Lazarus, J. 224 

Leavitt, E. H. 134 

Lechler, J. 84 

Lechler, J. M. . 39 

Lee, L. S. 268 

Lee, D. H. 218 

Lee, William, (1) 29 

.Lee, William (2) 83 

Lee, Miss, 266 

Leecliman, J, 21 

Ledgard, G. 95 

Leimer, H. 149 

Lefroy, G. A. 99 

Lehmann, F. 149 
Leidemann, F. W. 4 

Leigh, Miss, 256 

Leighton, J. 86 
Leipzig Evan. Luth. 

Mission, 174 

Leich, A. 40 

Leitch, C. C. 42" 

Leming, Miss, 258 

LeMare, E. 29 

Leonard, A. T. 216 

Leonard, 0. 20 

Leonberger, J. 149 
Lepers, Miss, to, 242 

Leslie, A. 20 

Leslie, Miss, 266 

Lessel, T. L. 38 

Leupolt, C. B. 84 

Leupolt, J. T, 88 

Levi, A. M. 77 

LewiSj A. 77 

Lewis, C. B. 21 

Lewis, D. B. 267 

Lewis, Edwin, 29 

Lewis, E. 40 



Lewis, H. 77 

Lewis, W. 191 

Libbey, Miss, 253 

Liebeudorfer, E. 143 

Lid dell. Miss, 254 

Liesching, G. P. 269 

Lillie, A. 36 

Limbach, S. 143 

Lincke, J. T. 84 

Licder, C. 149 

Lindroth, C. F. 237 

Ling, Miss, 259 

Linley, Miss, 264 

Lipp, C. W. 84 

Lish, A. B. 20 

Litcbiield, G. 77 

Little 0. 61 

Little, H. 103 

Little, T. 268 

Lloyd, J. A. 88 

Locker, Miss, 254 

Lockhart, Miss, 261 

Lockwood, A. 86 

Loesch, A. 149 

Leowentha^, I. 134 

Lohr, T. 0. 230 



Logsdail, A. 



95 



London Miss. Socy. 2^ 

Long, A. 187 

>ng, S. P. 216 

Long, Miss, 263 
Lorbeer, A. W. H. 172 

Lord, J. D. 95 

Lord, H. F. 95 

Lord, N. L. 64 

Lone, Miss, 258 

Loughridge, A. 161 
Loveless, W. C. 32 

Leventlia\ E. 225 

Lowe, J. 43 

Lowrie, J. C. 132 

Lucas, J. J. 192 

Luchow, H. 227 

Luethi, B. 143 

Luetze, W: 143 

Luke, C, 207 
Luke, T. . 103 

Lumb, J. 39 



Lundborg, N. E. 




Lundgren, G. E. 


178 


Lynn, Miss, 
Lyon, J. 


266 

216 


Lyon, W. P. 
Lytle, D. S. 


, 38 
199 


Maas, — 


173 


Mabbs, G. 


43 


MacAfee, F. L. 


184 


Macartney, F. G. 
Macartney, J. 
Macalister, G. 


43 
223 


Macdonald, D. 


251 


Macdonald, J. 


12U 


Macdonald, J. A. 


D.13 


Macdonald, K. S 


116 


Macdonald, R. N. 


116 


Macdonald, R. C. 


Si') 


Macdonald, Miss, 


259 


Macfarlane, G. H. 


]9 


Macfarlane, W. 


111 


Macfarlane, Miss, 


262 


Mack, J. 


20 


Mack, John 


143 


Mackay, J. 
Mackay, Miss, 


21 
254 


Mackey, W. S. 
Mackichan, D. 


119 
117 


Mackintosh, J, M 


121 


Mackintosh, L. 


20 


Mackintosh, Miss, 


265 


Macmillan, J. 


123 


Macniven, Miss, 


254 


Macphun, Miss, 
Macrae, F. 


262 
241 


MacRitchie, Miss, 


254 


Madeconda, E, 


lei 


Maderup, 0, 
Maenner, A. 


4 
143 


Mahanty, Dam. 
Mahanty, J. 
Maisch, J. 


106 

107 

83 


Maitra, G. D. 


117 


Makasare, S. C. 


49 


Makasare, V. A. 


49 


Makepeace, J. 
Malhar, D. G. 


21 
117 



oq'7 



iKDiA^" Missionary Directory. 



Mallet, W. G. 87 Mason, (I. 

Mallocli, Miss, 261 Moson, M. C. 
Malvalli Mission,24^ iMason, Mi>!s, 



207 
•258 
254 
95 
]()3 



4 i 

IGI 
20 
1)5 
95 

95 



Manasseh. B. 
Maloba, L. 
Mamen, 0. 
Mandeville, Miss 
Manik. 

Manley, W. E. 
Maniiiasih, D. 
]\Iansell, H. 
ManseM, Mi?f, 
Manson, Miss, 
Alanuel, A. 
Manuel, R. D. 
Mantiiey-zorn, C. 180 
Manwaring, A. 
Maplesden, R. 
Mardon, R. 
Margoschis, A. 
Markas, H. • 
Markas, M. 
Markas, Marsa, 
Marks, J. E. 
Marks, P. 
Marris, Miss A. 
Marris, ]\Iiss R. 
.Marsh, J. 
Marshall, A.J. 
Marshman, J. 
Marston, Miss, 
Marston, Miss L. 
Marthenaz, H'. 
Martin, A. J. 
Martin, C. A. 
Marrin, G. 
Martin, R. D. 
Martin, S. 
i\Iartin, W. 
jMartz. G. 
Marwai, 
Masih-Das, 
Masih, Imam, 
Masillamani, C. 
Masillamani, S. 



29 Massie, J. W. 
77 iMatchett, A. 
77 iMateer, S. 
262 jMather, R. C. 

12 IMathuranaigam, S. 
161 JMatthissen. F. 
95 'Matthews, Miss, 

Matthey, E. 

Mault, C. 

Mawbev, G. W. 

Maxwell A. J. 

Maxwell, T. 

May, R. 

Maver, T. J. L. 

Mayr, A. 

Mayow. J. 

McAllister, Miss, 

McAiiley, W. H. 

iMcCahon, Miss, 



95 i:*IeCallum, A. 



95 
268 
264 
264 

83 
168 

15 
261 



Masillamani, Saml. 77 
Maslin, Miss, 263 

Mason, E. 164 



McComl), J. M. 

MoCready, E. J. 

McCarter, Miss, 

^IcCarthj, J. A. 

McCullough, W. 

McCullongh, Miss, 

McCunib}^ A. 

i McDowell, Miss, 
262 JMcEwen, J. 
268 jMcGeorge, Miss, 

12 iMeGilleiirie, Miss, 
218 JMcGinnis, Miss, 
223 McGregor, B. 

McGregor, Miss, 

McGrew, G. H. 

McHenry, A, D. 

Mcintosh, R. M. 

Mclnnes, J. 

McKee, J. 

McKee, J. P. 

McKee, Mi^s, 

McKenna, A. 

McKesson, Miss, 

McLaiirin, J. 

McLcod, J. K. 



95 
199 
22?) 

187 
95 
95 
12 
29 
77 



29 
157 
255 
35 
85 
29 
37 
59 
143 
262 
177 
34 
44 
207 
88 
33 
77 
177 
194 
255 
133 
257 
122 
129 
18 
254 
86 
117 
257 
19 
263 
3 32 
263 
264 
257 
*207 
263 
207 
211 
]2 
223 
185 
199 
263 
12 
258 
234 
135 



McMalion, J. T, 
McMa«ter, G. 
McMillan, G. W 
McMillan, Miss, 
McMordie, W. 
McMuUin, R. 
McQuisten, J. 
Mead, C. 
Meadowcroft, D. 
Meadows, R. R. 
Medland, A. 
Meik, J. P. 
Meiscbel, J. F. 
Mell, J. A. 
Mellon, H. 
Melvin, W. F. 
Mendis, B. A. 
Mendis, B. S. 
VIenge, C. C. 
Menge, J. P. 
Mengert, H. 
Menke, Miss, 
Mentel, J. D. 
Merk, C, H. 
Merk, J. N. 
Merkle, A. 

MerriP, P, 

Messmore, J. H. 

Meth. Epis. Ch; 
! Metcalfe, Miss, 

Metz, J. F. 

Metzger, G. J. 

Meyer, J. J. 

Michael, A. 

Midwinter, E. 

Mieg, M. 

Miles, E. 

Mill, J. C. 

Millar, Misg, 

Millar, Mrs. 

Miller, C. 

Miller, G. M. 

Millt-r, E. 

Miller, E. F. 

Miller, W. (1) 

Miller, W. (2) 

Miller, W. c, i. 

Miller, W. S. 



20, 

]29 

. 63 

258 

• 185 

234 

223 

33 

44 

85 

86 

216 

279 

268 

85 

110 

268 

268" 

84 

84 

149 

255 

4 

77 

85 

149 

208 

208 

M.201 

261 

149 

149 

85 

242 

44 

149 

241 

87 

253 

257 

37 

216 

121 

270 

37 

106 

E. 117 

12 



I 



In'dex. 



20.) 



Miller, Miss, (1) 205 

Miller, Miss, (2) '2G1 

Millett, Miss, 264: 

Milward, H. C. 86 

Minor, Mrs. 262 

Mintridge, J. .21 

Misal, S. B. 117 

Mishra, J. 167 

Misser, P. -12 

Mitchell, J. 118 

Mitchell, H. B. 208 

• Mitchell, J. M. 120 

MitcheP, W. K. 121 

Mitchell, W. (1) 83 

Mitchell, W. (2) 88 

Mitchell, W. S. 12 

Mitchell, Miss, 255 

Mitcheson, Miss, 260 

Mitter, P.. L. Is\ 95 

Mivers, Miss, 261 

Mix, Mrs. 255 

Modak, R. V. 50 

Moffat, W. 121 

Moricke, C. 149 

Mog ing, H. 149 

Mohesh, 12 

Mohl, K. E. 5 

Molmn, D. 78 

Momen, B. W. .117 

Monelle, Miss, 258 

Monroe, D. C. 208 

Montgomery, R. 185 

Moodv, N. J. 85 

Moor, W. 20 

Moore, C. C. 164 

Moore, D. 185 

Moore, P. H. 157 

Moore, W. 164 

Moore, W. A. 245 

Moore, Miss, 263 

Moothoo, C. 80 
MosAviAN Mission] 95 

More wood, J. B. 83 

Morgan, A. 88 

Morgan, F.E. 161 

Morgan, T. 21 

Monson, D. 226 

Morris, R. 132 



Morris, T. 38 

Murris, W.E. 43 

M'.jrison, J. 110 

Morrison, J. H. 132 

Morrison, R. 129 
Morrison, W.J. P. 129 

Morro\Y, H. 155 

Morse, W. 83 

Mortimer, E. 103 | 

Morton, T. E. F. 216 i 

Morton, W. 39 

Moscrop, T. 268 

Mouutfort, C. 88 

Moses, V. . 29 

Muckin, R. 161 

Mudge, J. 211 

Muhiheisen, J. J. 85 

Mukerii, P. N, 95 

Mueleia, 1. 161 

Mulil, A. 149 

MulleDS, J. 40 

MuUer, C. 149 

Muller, Q. P. 149 

MuUer, J. (1) 149 

Muller, J. (2) l49 

Muller, J. P. 143 

Muller, J. J. 83 

Mu^ier, 8. 149 

Muller, W. J. 4 
Mulvaney, Miss E.259 
Muivanej, Miss S. 259 

Muudj, (jT. 34 

Muager, S. B. 52 

Munnis, R. M. 133 

Muuro, Miss, 264 

Murdoch, J. 221 
Murray, J.,M. D. 99 

Murray, R. 0. 236 

Muston, H. J. 132 
Mutiny of 1857, 170 

195, 198 

Muzzy, C. P. . 63 

Myers, J. H. 135 

Mylius, A. 227 

Nabi-Baksh, E. 129 

Nagapogu, Y. 161 

ISiaik, D. 107 



^Naik, G. S. 106 

|Najanapragasam, 5 

iNallathamhi, 5- 

iNallathambi, J. 78 
^allathambi, John, 78 

Nal athainbi, M. 78 

Nallathambi, N. 179 

Nallathambi, S. 59 
iXallathambi, 8. (2) 78 

JNallathamby, A. 268" 
iNamby, Miss, 
jNandi, G. 
;Narsa, K. 
iNasarali, P. 
JNath, 1). 

iNath, K. :\r. 

Nath, P. C. 
Nathan, T. 
Nathanael, M. 
Nathaniel, J. 
Nathaniel, M. 
Nathaniel, W. P. 268 
Nathanielz, J. H. 268 
Nathanielz Z. 268 
Navalkar, G. R. 
Nayak, K. 
Naylor, J. 
Neave, Miss, 
Needham, Miss, 
Nee\l, P. L. 
Neele, A. P. 
Neeve, A. 
Neeve, C. A. 
Nelson, Miss, 
Nemo, P. 
Nesbit, R. 
Newconib, J. 
Newell S. 

i^^ewhall, A. A. Jr. 161 
Newhouse, P. D. 216 
.Newlon, W. E. 219 
Newman, E. 
Newport, G. 0. 
Newton, C. B. 
Newton, E. P. 
M'ewton, P. J. 
N'ewton, J. 
jTewton, J. Jr. 



261 
133- 
161 
199 

78 

95 
103 

95 
193 

30 
187 



117 

167 

44 

'263 

256 

208 

85 

78 

78 

257 

172 

118 

161 

57 



85 
30 
129 
130 
130 
130 
134 



294 



Tn'djan Missionary Directort. 



Nichob, C. A. 


155 


Niieblin^, W. 


143 


Pal, B. 


08 


Nichols, J. (I) 


o2 Nvanabranau, M. 


30 


Palmer, H. K. 


61 


Nichols, J. (2) 


187 




Palmer, Miss, 


255 


Nichols, M. H. 


218 Oakes, T. H. 


218 


Palmer, Miss A. 


266 


Nichols, S. W. 


163 


Oakley, W, 


269 


Pamperrien, K. H 


.177 


Nicholson, J. 


267 


Obuch, G. W. 


4 


Panes, J. B. 


78 


Nicholson, T. 


3i 


Ochs, C. E. C. 


225 


Pantin, Miss, 


259 


Nicholson, T. F. 


103 


Ogilvie, J, 


111 


Paproth, — 


251 


Nicholson, T. K. 


85 


Ohol, W. V. 


50 


Papworth, J. W. 


95 


Nicker, Miss, 


261 


Oldham, W. F. 


216 


Parenjothy, G. 


95 


Niclierson, N- ' 


208 


Onascli, J. H. C. 


172 


Pargiter, G. E. A. 


78 


Nickerson, Miss, 


258 


Ong An, A. 


161 


Parinbanayam, C. 


268 


Nikambe, M. 13. 


117 


Orbison, J. H. 


134 


Parinbanayager, J. 268 


Nimmo, J. E, 


35 


Organe, S. 


44 


Park C. W. 


51 


Niles, D, \^. 


268 


Orig. Sec. Ch, of 


Parker, E. W. 


208 


Niles, J. 


270 


Scot. Miss. 


235 


Parker, J. H. 


41 


Niies, 6. 


267 


Osborn, J. M. 


268 


Parker, H. P. 


• 78 


Nilkanto, 


12 


Osboro, W. B. 


218 


Parslee, Miss, 


260 


. Nilumber, 


12 


Osborne, D. 


216 


Parson, J. 


103 


Niebel, C. G. 


251 


Osborne, J. F. 


84 


Parsons, G. 


21 


Nisbet, J. K. 


164 


Osborne, H. D. 


184 


Parsons, G. H, 


78 


Niven, Miss, 


264 


Osgood, S. M. 


164 


Parsons, J. 


21 


Njanendijaui, M. R. 179 


Ostermeier, J. S. 


143 


Parsons, John, 


21 


Njanabisiiegam, A 


. 177 


Ott, P. 


143 


Parsons, Miss, 


266 


Nobin, (J) 


12 


Ott,— 


173 


Parry, J. 


21 


Nobm, (2) 


12 


Oiichterlony, C.A 


. 177 


Parthasarady, C. 


30 


Noble, It. P- 


8i 


Oxford Mission,. 


89 


Paterson, C, 


110 


Nobocoomar, 


12 


Owen, J. 


133 


Paterson, D. H. 


122 


Nomala, N. 


161 


Oxley, Miss, 


259 


Paterson, J. 


37 


Nondocoomar, 


12 


Oxley, Miss L. 


259 


Paterson, R. 


112 


Norgate, J.^N. 


81 






Paterson, MissC 


254 


Norman, A. G. 


78 


Packer, J. 


155 


Paterson, Bo. J. 


254 


Norman, A. J. 


103' 


Packer, Miss, 


256 


Patterson, G. 


.103 


Norman, H. B. 


95 


Padfield, J. E. 


• 78 


Patterson, H. 


12 


Norris, Miss, 


260 


Padiyattu, J. 


143 


Patterson, R. M. 


110 


Norris, Miss, Dr 


262 


Padmanji, B. 


123 


Patterson, H. S. 


87 


North, A. 


63 


Paesler, L. T. 


177 


Patteson, Miss, 


261 


Northrap, J. A. 


218 


Page, J. C. 


18 


Patteson, Miss M 


263 


Norton, A. 


2U 


Page, Mrs. S. 


26o 


Patra, S. 


106 


Norton, T. 


83 


Pagell, J. L. E, 


196 


Patra, T. 


106 


Norton, T. J. 


81 


Paine, B. H. 


36 


Pattison, J. T. 


33 


Nott, 8. 


52 


Painter, A. F. 


78 


Patton, Miss, 


257 


Nottrott, C. A. 


172 


Pakiam, M. 


177 


Paul, A. C. 


208 


Noyes, E. 


168 


Pakianaden, 


5 


Paul, E. 


41 


Noyes, J. T. 


69 


Pakianadham, J.H. 78 


Paul, G. 


30 


Nowrojee, D. 


117 


Pakianadhan, J. 


78 


Paul, J. 


30 


Nowrojee, R. 


76 


Pakkiam, D. 


95 


Paul, J. 


78 


Nowack, \V. 


172 


Pakkianathan, V. Y. 78 


Paul, S. 


78 



Index. 



295 



Paul, Stephen, 
Paulus, A. 
Paulus, N. 
Pawar, E. D. 
Payne, J. E. 
Payne, Miss, 
Pazold, C. W. 
Peacock, H. 
Peake, F. 
Pearce, C. W. 
Pearce, G. 
Pearce, W. H. 
Pearson, J. I). 
Pearson, J. G. 
Pearson, Miss, 
Peattie, J. C. 
Peck, M. R- 
Pedate, P. 
Pederson, J. A. 
Peel, B. 

Peel, W. G. 

Peet, J. 

Peento, I. 

Peerajee, P. 

Peg,2:s. J. 

Pendleton, Miss, 

Penfield, T. B. 

Penney, J. 

Perashapogu, A. 

Pereira, D. D. 

Pereira, D. H. 

Pereira, H. 

Pereira, P. B. 

Perera, D. 

Perera, J. M. 

Perera, J. S. 

Perera, M. H. (1) 

Perera, M. H. (2) 

Perera, P. 

Perera, R. 

Perianayagam, J. 

Perianayagam, T. 

Peries, C. 

Perinbams, D. 

Pestonji, H. 

Perkins, J. C. ' 

Perley, Miss, 

Perowne, J. 



208 
95 

188 
50 
30 

255 

4 

20 



Perunial, A. 
Peter, G. 
Peter, D. A. 
Peter, J. 
Peter, K. 
Peter, P. 
Peters, B. 
Peters, W. 



59 
143 

79 
270 

79 
270 
216 
208 



95 
19 

20 
33 
268 
266 
117 
64 
161 
225 
103 
79 
84 
268 
30 
107 
257 
64 
20 
161 
267 
267 
267 
267 
267 
267 
267 
267 
268 
267 
297 
95 
177 
267 
79 
12 
59 
257 
86 



Petersen, T. F. 228 

Petersen, P. 0. 228 

Petruse,— 20 

Pettitt, G. 84 

Pfander, C. G. 84 

Pfleiderer, C. 144 

Pfleiderer, G. 150 

Philip, 5 

Philip, A- 103 

Philips, E. A. 44 

Phillips, E. G. 157 

Phillips, Jer, 168 

Phillips, J. 20 

Phillips, J. L. 167 

Phillips, M. 30 

Phillips, T. 21 

PhilUips.W. B. 30 

Phi lips. Miss H.P.253 

Phillips, Miss I. 0. 253 

Phillips.MissK M.253 

Phillips, Mrs. 253 

Phinnej, F. D. 155 

Phinney, Miss, 255 

Picken,^W. H. J. 103 

Plckford.J. 58 

Pickford, J. I. 269 

Pierce E. UO 

Pieris F. H. 268 

Piffard, C. 35 

Pii^-ott, H- R. 267 

Pike, J. G. 106 

Pinchin, G. H. 270 

Pinnis^er, Miss, 260 

Piris,^B. 267 

Pitchamuttu, A. (1) 59 

Pitchamuttu, A. (2) 96 

Pittendrigh, G 117 

Pitho, 232 

Plebst, G. 150 

Plomer, C H. 216 



Plumer, W. S. 208 
Plutschau, H. 3 

Pohle, C. 4 

Pollock, G. W. 130 
Poltzenhagen, D. 4 
Poor, D. 62 

Porter, E. 38 

Poolakoore, B. 162 
Poolakore, P. 162 

Ponsaz, MdPe. 256 
Porter, J. 132 

Porter, W. 40 

Potter, J. G. 12 

Poiilsen, I. C. 188 

Pounappen, S. D. 177 
Pourie, J. 121 

Prabhusahai, D. 96 
Prabhusahai, S. 96 • 

Pratt, B. 104 

Pratt, Miss, 257 

Prautch, A. W. 247 
Prem Chand (1) 12 
Prem Chand (2) 12 
Premaka, H. 104 

Pres Church of Eng- 
land Mission, 226 
Private Missions, 241 
Prochnow, J. D. 84 
Price, J. D. 164 

Price, W. J. (1) 12 
Price, W.J. (2)155 
Price, W. S. 85 

Prichett, E. 33 

Priestly, J. J. 96 

Prosonnocoomar, 12 
Pahz, Miss 258 

Purity Mission, 246 
Purnpershad, K. 96 
PursseP, Miss, 255 
Puxley, E. S. 87 



Rae, G. M. 118 

Eae, Mrs, 254 

Eagapate, J. 162 

Eagland, T, G. 85 

Eaikes, Miss, 259 

Eajuhaldar, 12 

Ramanoojum, S. 122 



291) 



'Indian Mis.^ionart. Directoey. 



Eamavarma, J. 
Eaja]i,i;-np:il, P. 
Ram, M. 
Eamiue, II. 
Rams a J. A. 
Ramsey, W. 
liamsunder^ 
Rand, S. B. 
Ranesinglie, C. P. 
Rangiali, T. . 
Rankin, J. G. 
Ranney, T. S. 
Rasalam, W. G. 
Rasenthiram, A. 
Rasentliiram, D. 
Rasick, 
Ratnam, M. 
Rathawad, S. M. 
Ratlibun, Miss, 
Ratnavake, J. G. 
Rauf, Miss. 
Rausclienbusch, M. 
Rayappyn, 
Ray, E. 
Rayl, D. K. 
Ra^u, T. V. 
Rea, G. T. 
Read, H. 
Reade, Miss, 
Rebscli, ^Y. 
Rechler, J. T. 
Rodman, J. 
Redmayne, Miss, 
Redslob, F. A. 
Redwood, W. A. 
Reed, A. 
Reed, h\ T. 
Reed, W. 
Reed, Miss, 
Rees, D. A. 
Reeve, W. 
Re^el, J. A. 
Reicliardt, F. H. 
Reichai'dt, T. 
Roid, J, 
Reid, Miss, 
Reinart, E. 
Eeifell, Miss, 



150 

lis 

79 

228 

39 

51 

1*2 • 

1 55 

267 

162 

133 

161 

80 

70 

70 

12 

79 

50 

255 

267 

266 

255 

5 

34 

163 

79 

184 

51 

266 

84 

196 

79 

262 

196 

246 

164 

21 

131 

258 

104 

33 

38 

96 

83 

3.6 

264 

]7o 

264 



Reilstab, J. 144 

Rnnhnrdt, L. • 150 

Relton, W. 96 

Rendall, J. 64 

Rendall, Miss, 262 

Render, S. 33 

Restarick, A. E. 268 

Renter, C. 150 

Renthor, C. F. 85 

Reutlier, Miss (1) 256 

Renther, Miss (2) 260 

Reynolds, B. W. 245 

Reynolds, E. 85 

Reynolds, R. V. 83 

Rheniiis, C. J. 85 

Rhenius, C. T. E. 83 

Ribbentropp, 173 

Rice, B. 30 

Rice, B. H. 269 

Rice, E. P. 31. 

Rice, H. 110 

Richard, J. 79 

Richards, LA. 216 

Richards, R. 20 

Richards, .W. E. 44 

Richards, W. J. 79 

Ricbter, G. 150 

Richsteig, S. G. 4 

Rickard, T. 96 

Ricketts, J. W. 20 

Ridley, W. 87 

Ridsdale,/. 83 

Ridsdale, S. 83 

Riehm, R. 15U 
Riemann, E. W- R.172 

Riu-hv, W. H. 268 



Ri-o;, E. T. T. 



26' 



Ringeltaube, W. T. 4 

Riuer, G. 144 

Robb, ^y. 223 

Robbins,W. E. 217 

Robathan, T. F. 79 

Roberts, E. 104 

Roberts, H. 191 

Roberts, J. ' 190 

Roberts, James, 191 

Roberts, W. A. • ^^9 

Rjbcrts, W. H. 155 



Roberts, Miss, 263 

Robertson, A. 118 

Robertson, J. 36 

Robertson, James, 118 

Robertson, J. S. S. 84 

Robinson, B. 104 

Robinson, D. 12 

Robinson, J. E. 217 

Robinson, R. 21 

Robinson, W. 20 

Robinson, William, 31 

Robinson, Miss, (1) 25t*) 

Robinson, Do. (2) 263. 

Robson, J. 223 

Robson, W. 122' 

Rodger, Miss, 263' 

Rodgers, 0. F, 221 

Rockey, N. L. 208' 

Roeck, C. 150 

Rogers, E. 85 

Rogers, F. 84 

Rogers, W. S. 132 

Roiston, J. R. 104 

Rooke, Miss, 263- 

Root, Miss, . 262 

Roper, Miss, 262 

Rose, A. T. 155 

Rose, Miss, 260 

Rosen, D. 4 

Ross, W. 123 

Ross, jMiss, (1) 254 

Ross, Miss, (2) 263 

Roth, W. 150 

Rotti. J. M. 31 

Rottler, J. P. 4 

Ronl, J. 107 

Ronntreo, H. 79 

Rouse, G. H. 12 

Rout, P. 107 

Row, I. F. 218 

Rowe. A. D. 187 

Rowe, J. 20 

Rowe, Miss, 258 

Rowlands, W. E. 269 

Rov, P. L. 13 

Royston, P. S. 86 

Rudolph, A. 130 

iRuhlaud, A. 144 



Index. 



297 



Rudisill, A. W. 


217 


Sarkunam, G. 


79 


Schultz, Miss, 


264 


Kudra, P. M. 


79 


Sartorius, J. A. 


4 


Schultze, B. 


3 


Rulfssen, L. F. 


4 


Sathianadhan, C. 


31 


Schultze, — 


251 


Rimganatham, C. 


31 


Sathianadhan, G. 


31 


Schurr, F. 


85 


Ptussell, F. A. 


U 


Sattianadhen, 


5 


Schwartz, C. F. (1) 4 


Russell, J. 


39 


Sathianadhan, S. 


79 


Schwartz, C. F. (2) 86 


Russell, Miss, 


255 


Sathianadhan, W.T. 79 


Schwartz, J. M. N 


178 


Ruthgrist, J. 


237 


Satteiiee, A. B. 


164 


Sch\Yarz, Miss 


261 


Ryden, S. 


179 


Sauvain, F. 


150 


Schweizer, E. 


150 






Savarimuttu, A. ' 


59 


Scotch Epis. Church 


Sabbaroyadu, a. 


79 


Savarimuttu, Aru. 


80 


Mission, 


240 


Sadhucharan, 


13 


Sayariroyam, M. 


80 


Scott, B. b'. 


245 


Sadiq, M. 


• 79 


Sawday, G. W. 


104 


Scott, E. P. 


163 


Sahoo, Sliem, ■ 


106 


Sawyer, A. 


193 


Scott, G. W. 


200 


Sahoo, S. 


107 


Sawyer, W. 


■ 83 


Scott, H. R. 


184 


Salave, L. M. 


oO 


Say re, E. H. 


134 


Scott, J. 


267 


Sale, J. 


21 


Schaal, C. 


144 


Scott, J. E. 


208 


Salmon, A. 


96 


Schaeffer, H.A.E 


177 


Scott, J. L. 


133 


Salmon, T. 


35 


Schaffter, H. J. 


80 


Scott, R. 


118 


Sampson, E. 


87 


Schaffter, P. P. ' 


83 


Scott, T. J. 


208 


Sampson, W. 


21 


Schaffter, W. P. 


87 


Scott, T. L. 


199 


Sampson, W. C. 


52 


Schaible, M. 


144 


Scott, Miss A. E. 


257 


Samuel, A. 


79 


Schanz, H. 


179 


Scott, Miss(l) 


259 


Samuel, A. M. 


179 


Schauffler, T. F. 


150 


Scott, Miss, (2) 


262 


Samuel, C. 


31 


Schawrirayen, 


5 


Scott, Mrs. 


266 


Samuel, D. 


96 


Schenke\ R. 


144 


Scot. U'xiv. Miss. 


111 


Samuel, I. 


79 


Schlesch, C. 


225 


Scriba, C. 


228 


Samuel, J. 


104 


Sclilunk, C. 


15(,) 


Scudder, B. C. 


64 


Samuel, !N. N. 


177 


Schiuuk, F. 


150 


Scudder E. C. 


194 


Samue\ P. 


79 


Schmeisser, K. H 


178 


Scudder, E.- C. Jr 


.193 


Samuel, S. 


270 


Schmid, D. 


83 


Scudder, H. M. 


194 


Samuel, W. 


110 


Sclmiid, G. 


150 


Scudder, John, Sr 


249 


Sandegren, C. J. 


177 


Schmid, L. B. E. 


S3 


Scudder, John, 


193 


Sandel, H. H. 


96 


Schmidli, H. C. 


loO 


Scudder, Joseph, 


3 94 


Sandberg, P. L. 


85 


Schmidt, H. C. 


188 


Scudder, J.- W. 


]93 


Sandram, C. 


31 


Sclmiolck, W. 


144 


Scudder, S. D. 


194 


Sandys, D. C. 


252 


Schnure, C. 


187 


Scudder, W. W. 


193 


Sandys, T. 


83 


Schnarre, J. C. 


83 


Scudder, Miss J . 


262 


Sant'ord, R. 


234 


Schneider, F. E. 


84 


Scudder, Do. M. K 


.262 


Sant; A. L. 


13 


Schnepf, W. 


150 


Seal, M. S. 


80 


Santer, A. J. 


79 


Schober, C. 


150 


SlALKOT MlSSI0>^-, 


197 


Sanyal, H. H. 


13 


Schoch, S. G. 


150 


Sebagnanam. J. 


80 


Sandoshani, S. 


79 


Schollkopf, J. J. 


4 


Sebastian, A. 


96 


Saram, S. De, 


268 


Schoenthal, W. P. 


144 


Secley, A. H. 


133 


Saraugee, G. D. 


107 


Schorisch,— 


251 


Seeley, G. A. 


130 


Sargent, Bishop, 


70 


Schreiber, C. C. 1 


\ 85 


Secley, Miss, 


257 


Sargent, R. J. 


42 


Schreyvogel, D. 


4 


Seelye, Miss, 


260* 


Sargunam. V. 


79 


Schroeter, C. G. 


So 


Seetkl, W. 


80 



298 



Indian Missionary Directory. 



Seller, G. W. 30 

Beileyan-, J. 31 

Sell, E. 80 

Belvanayfigam, J. 80 

Seoni Mission. 235 

Sethakavaler, R. 2G8 

Seward, Miss, 257 

Sewe^l, .J. 39 

Seymour, E. 50 

Shackell, 11. W. 86 

Shah, G. 13 

Shah, Y. 201) 

Shah, Imam, 80 

Sharp, J. 87 

Sharpe, Mi?s, 260 

Sharrock, J. A. 96 

ghaw, H. W. 133 

Shaw, J. 218 

Shaw, Miss, 254 

Shaw, Miss, A. M. 263 

Shearman, J. 88 

Sheldon, Miss 255 

Shelton, C. S. 64 

Shepherd, J. 223 

Shepherd, R. D. 96 

Shepherd, Miss, 260 

Shepman, G. 2:^8 

Sherring, M. A. 42 

Sherring, Miss, 264 

Sheshadri, N. 118 
Shiddahngappa, P. 31 

Shields, A. J. 80 

Shillidy, J. 184 
Shipham, A. 

Shirreff, F .A. P. 80 

Shirt, G. 87 

Shitol, 13 

Shoolbred, W. 223 

Shreves, 0. 218 

Shrewsbury, G. * 43 

Shrieves, J. 38 

Shuck, J. L. 164 

Shurman, J. A. ti7 

Shway-Nvo, 96 

Sibley, J." W. 50 

Sihti, 2:^2 

*Sido, W. ^ 80 

Sikemeier, W. E, 144 



Silliman, E. E. 162 

Singh, B. L. 122 

Silva, A. 267 

Silva, C. W. ■ 268 

Silva, D. T. 268 

Silva. H. De, 269 

Silva, J. 267 

Silva, S. . 268 

Silva, T. 267 

Simeon, J, 80 

Simeon, Ir. 80 

Simeon, V. 80 

Simmons, J. D. 87 

Simons, T. 164 

Simpson, W. B. 104 

ms, A. 267 

Sinclair, D. 110 

Sinclair, David, 121 

Singh, Daud, 96 



Singh, Kallu, 



209 



Singh, K. 209 

Singh, P. 106 

Singh, Y. K.. 96 

Siram, 232 

Sirkar, C. N. 13 

Sirkar, J. 13 

Sisson, Miss 264 

Skelton, B. H. 88 

Skinner, J. 38 

Skinner, W. 118 

Skirving, Miss 254 

Skrefsrud, L. 0. 232 

Slater, T. E. 31 

Sloan, Miss, 254 

Small, G. 21 

Small, J. 118 

Small, Miss A. 254 

Small, Miss I. 254 

Small, Miss J. 254 

Smith, B. B. 168 

Smith, C. M. 118 

Smith, D. 156 

Smith. D. A. W. 155 

Smith, F. C. M. 219 
Smith, James, (1) J 9 

Smith, James (2) 32 

Smith, James (3) 50 

Smith, John, (1) 34 



Smith, John, (2) 36 

Smith, J. H. 107 

Smith, P. S. 89 

Smith, T- 220 

Smith, T. S. 269 

Smith, W. (1) 20 

Smith, W. (2) 83 

Smith, W. (3) 88 

Smith, William, 220 

Smith, Miss F. 263 

Smith, Miss M. 259 
Smith, Mrs. D. F. 253 
Smitheman, J. P. 96 

Smorts, M. . 245 

Smylie, H. 22 

Snashal], H. 84 

Snyder, W. E. 287 

Soans, W. 87 
SocY,, Gosp. Prop. 90 

SocY., P. C. K. 2 

Soens, J., 244 

Soke, S. 172 

Solomon, A. 200 

Solomon, E. C. 904 

Solomon, N. 80 

Solomon, D. 80 

Solomon, P. 96 

Solomon, V. 32 

Sommer, F. 173 

Sommerville, J. 223 

Spaight, A. B. 87 

Sparkes, Miss, 258 

Sparr, J. A. 267 

Speedily, J. M. 87 

Speer, J. C. G. 178 

Sj^eers J. 1 85 

Spence, Miss, 258 

Spencer, F. A. 222 

Spencer, W. M. 204 

Spering,. A. 252 

Spencer, Miss, 261 
Spencer, Miss, (2) 262 

Sperschneider, J. G. 4 

Spink, W. 104 

Spratt, J. 85 

Spratt, T. 86 

Squires, H. C. 82 

Squires, R, A. 82 



In'dex. 



29^ 



Spillmann, G. 


]51 


Spurgeon, R. 


1?. 


Srinath, 


13 


StabJin, W. 


179 


Staib, F. 


144 


8tanger, T. G. 


41 


St anger, F. J. 


151 


Stark, A. 


81 


Stark, Miss, 


255 


Start, W. 


250 


Do. Mission of, 


250 


Stathain, J. 


20 


Steele, J. 


Q2 


Steele, J. F. 


184 


Stegman, E. P. H. 4 


St. Diago, J. 


96 


Stephen, D. 


8] 


Stephen, David, 


81 


Stephen, H. 


118 


Stephen, W. 


123 


Stephen, Miss, 


254 


Stephens, C. L. 


190 


Stephens, M. 


209 


Stephens, W. H. 


§17 


Stephenson, W, W. 32 


Stern, H. 


81 


Stern, J. A. L. 


86 


Steram, S. 


162 


Sternberg, A. 


173 


Sternberg, C. F. 


173 


Sternberg, W. 


173 


Stevens, E. A. 


164 


Stevens, E. 0. 


156 


Stevenson, E. 


200 


Stevenson, J. 


87 


Stevenson, W. H 


118 


Stewart, E. 


199 


Stevenson, W. 


123 


Stewart, Miss, 


254 


Steward, J. 


83 


Stickney, D. 


269 


Stierlen, F. 


144 


Stillwell, J. R, 


234 


Stilson, L. 


164 


Stokes, W. 


144 


Stolke, J. 


251 


Stoll, A. 


230 


Stoll, And. 


151 



Stolz, C. 
Stolzenberg, G. 
Stone, C. 
Stone, Cjnis, 
Stone, G. I. 
Stone, J. 
Stone, J. S. 
Storrow, E. 
Storrs, C. E. 
Storrs, T. 
Storrs, W. T. 
Stothert, R. 
Strach.'tn, A. 
Str.ichan, Bishop, 
Sti-achaii, Miss, 
Straw bridge, A, 
Strict Bap. Miss. 
Strive, P. 
Strobel, F. 
Strobel, J. 
Stroelin, Miss, 
Strutt, E. 
Stuart, E. C. 
Stuart, J. W. 
Stubbins, I, 
Stubbs, J. 
Stulpnagel, C. 
Sudin, 
Sugden, J. 
Sugden, Hon. W. 
Summers, E. S. 
Sana, 

Suppen^ C. F. 
Supper^ G. 
Surju, 

Suter, T. H. 
Suther, G. F. 
jSutherland, W. S. 
Sutton, A. 
Suveshamuttu, A. 
Swain, Miss, 
Swainsoii, Miss, 
Swamidasen^ A. 
Swamidasen, S. 
Swamidasen, Saud. 
Swamidian, P. 
Swan, T. 
Swartz, W. P. 



151 


Swift. E. P. 


199 


84 


Swift, Miss, 


■ 262 


84 


Sykes, D. 


191 


52 


Symes, J. G. 


84: 


217 


Symington, Miss, 


265 


81 






217 


Talure, D. 


161 


41 


Tanner, C. 


86 


87 


Tanner, Th. 


230 


87 


Tarrie, 


96 


86 


Tarynah, 


96 


122 


Tassu, M. 


172 


44 


Taylor, A. 


96 


93 


Taylor, C. J. 


84: 


254 


Taylor, G. 


107 


86 


Tavlor, G. P. 


184 


242 


Taylor, H. S. 


&3 


173 


Taylor, J. 


96 


151 


Taylor, John, 


32 


144 


Taylor, John (2) 


112 


259 


Taylor, Jos. 


34 


168 


Taylor, J. P. 


32 


85 


Taylor, J. Y. S. 


185 


81 


Taylor, S. 


59 


107 


Taylor, William, 


85 


13 


Taylor, Bishop, W.217 


173 


Taylor, Miss, (1) 


254 


13 


Taylor, Miss, (2) 


263 


41 


Taylor, Miss, (3) 


266 


259 


Taylor, Miss L. 


264 


13 


Taylor, Miss M. S 


.262 


232 


Teatu, B. 


162 


21 


Tebb, R. 


268 


151 


Tedford, L. B. 


130 


232 


Teichmann, A. 


13 


97 


Telugu Faith 


Mis- 


151 


SI ON, 


245 


110 


Templeton, A, 


123 


107 


Thackwell, R. 


130 


96 


Tharien, J. 


81 


258 


Thamakan, V. 


81 


260 


Theol- Seminaries : — 


96 


Ahmednagar, 


48 


81 


Bareilly, 


202 


199 


Mangalore, 


138 


96 


Midnapore, 


167 


20 


Nagercoil, 


23 


187 


Ramapatam, 


158 



;oo 



Indian Missionary Dirkctory. 



Ranchop, 


170 Thorn, Miss. 


256 ^ 


Qffmann, p. H. 


173 


Saliaianpnr, 


131 '\ 


Tiumm, J. J. 


151 


Ullmann, J. F. 


131 


Sialkot, 


198 ■ 


Chwaites, W. 


81 


Uhl, L. L. 


187 


Tivumangnlnni, 


54 Tillicb, Miss, 


264 


UUah, Fazl, 


209 


Theopbilus, S. 


97 Tim pan V, A. Y. 


234 


Umrab, 


223 


Thifde, Mis-, 


257 ' 


CinsloT, Miss, 


258 


Unangst, E. 


187 


Thubimi, C. R. 


217 ' 


risdali,' W. T. s. 


81 


Unangst, Miss, 


265 


Thoburn, J. M. 


217 ^ 


robit. B. 


81 {Unmevudian, Y. 


32 


Thoburn, J. M, Jr 


217 ' 


lodd, W. 


62 1 


Urquhart, Miss, 


254 


Thobuni, Miss, 


258 ' 


ronipkins,D. L.M.209 | 


Uzagare^ B. C. 


50 


Tbobnrn, Mrs. 


26G 1^ 


r..po, Y. ^ 


172 






Tboiii, Miss, 


2(^ [ 


rorbet, H. 


218 


Valentine, C. S. 


247 


Thomas, B. C. 


1C4 ' 


roller, H. - 


44 


Yaientine, G. M. 


84 


Tbomas, C. 


81 ' 


lownlev, H. 


33 


Valentine, 0. 


237 


T bom as. D. 


13 i 


rownsend, C. W. 


89 


Ya'ett, P. L. M. 


42 


Tbomas, D. \V. 


209 


rracy, J. E. 


59 


Yalpv, A. B. 


86 


Tbomas, H. J. 


13 


rracv, T. 


130 


Valupillai, D. 


268 


Tbomas, J. 


84 


Tracy, W. 


. 63 


Yanes, J. A. 


104 


Thomas, John, (i; 


) 13 


Trafford, J. 


21 


YanHeythusen, M.260 


Thomas, John (2) 


190 


Traill, J. 


223- 


Van Husen, S. 


163 


Thomas, James, 


20 


Traub, J. 


151 


Van Meter, H. L. 


164 


Thomas, Jacob, 


163 


Traveller, C. 


34 


Van Meter, Miss, 


255 


Thomas, J. D. 


81 


Trawin, S. 


34 


Van Roer, J. H. 


E.39 


Thomas, J. W. 


la 


Tregillus, R. H. 


13 


Van Sommer, F. 


39 


Tbomas, M. 


32 


Trench, R. F. T. 


88 


Yardon, A. S. E. 


217 


Thomas, Mut. 


59 


Trentler, G. 


251 


Yaughan, J. 


86 


Thomas, S. S. 


13 


Trensch, J. 


81 


Yaughan, J. (2) 


106 


Thomas, William, 


20 


Trimmer, J. G. 


268 


Yedakan, S. 


81 


Thomas, W. F. 


156 


Trott, Miss, 


261- 


Vedakkan, A. 


97 


Thomas,' W. A. 


247 


TruD.p, E. 


86 


Yedadella, J. 


162 


Tbomas, Miss, 


265 


Tscbirch, Miss, 


255 


Vedamuttu, A. 


81 


Thomas, Mrs. 


255 


Tucker, F. 


21 


Yadanayagam, 


5 


Thompson, C. E. 


42 


Tucker, H. J. 


21 


Vedanajagam, D. 


81 


Thompson, C. S. 


81 


Tucker, J. 


84 


Vedanayagam, T 


. 81 


Thomp&on, J. 


33 


Tucker, L. 


21 


Vedanayagam, Y 


. 81 


■• Thompson, Jas. C. 36 


Tucker, J. T. 


84 


Veil, J. 


144 


Thompson, J. 0. 


83 


Tucker, L. 


21 


Veil, J. F. 


144 


Thompson, J. M, 


104 


Tucker, Miss, 


259 


Venkataramiah, A. 121 


Thompson, N. 


225 


Tugu, A. 


172 


Yelte, H. C. 


131 


Thompson, Miss, 


260 


Tugu, N. 


173 


Yetbakan, A. 


270 


Thomson, A. (1) 


43 


Tukaraniji, A. 


50 


Vetb^mutta, D. 


97 


Thomson, A. (2) 


118 


Tunbridge, J. 


81 


Yetbanayagam, G. 60 


Thomson, T. S. 


44 


TurnbuU, A. 


110 


Yette, Miss, 


295 


Thomson, J. T. 


20 


TurnbuU, G. 


38 


Vickers, A. B. 


97 


Thomson, Mrs. 


264 


Tuting, T. 


86 


Vickers, E, H. 


86 


Thomson, W. 


38 


Tyler, Mis.% 


260 


Vines, C. E. 


87 


Thomssen, G. N. 


62 






Vinton, J. B. 


156 


Thorbuhi, W. J. 


97 






Vinton, J. H. 


164 



Index. 



301 



Viravagu, D. 81 

Visuva^aiu, J. 97 

Yon Bibeistein, M. 268 
Yores, S. 81 

Yoss, W.L. 178 

Wade, J. 164 

Wade, T, R, 81 

Wads worth, Miss, 264 
Wagchavyere, D. T. 50 
Wagchavveie, G. L. 50 
145 
264 
145 
267 
89 
86 
185 
256 
81 
liO 
133 
257 
145 
4 
81 
35 
31 
268 
145 
177 
145 
138 
60 
20 



AVagiier, G. 
Walil, Miss, 
Waideiich, J 
Waldock, F. D. 
Walker, C. H. 
Waiker, G. 
W ailace, J . 
Wallis, Miss, 
Walker, T. 
Walker,* W. 
Walsh, J. J. 
Walsh, Miss, 
Waiter, S. 
Waither, 0. T. 
Walton, F. E. 
Wa ton, G. 
Walton, J.H. 
Yvalton, W. M. 
Walz, T. 
Waunske, J. B^. 
Ward, C. B. 
Ward, E. 
W' ard, F. D. W. 

Ward, N. M. 

Ward William (1) 27 

Ward, AVilliam (^2) 163 

W^ard, MisSj 

Warden, J. B. 

W ardlaw, J. S. 

W^areham, E. A. 

Warner, Miss, 

W arrack, Miss, 

Warren, J. 

Warren, E. 

Warren. Mrs. 

Warth, C. D. 

Warth, C. F. 



Wasbbnrn, G. T 60 

Waterbnry, N. M. 162 

Wathen, F. 87 

Watrons, 'G. P. 164 

Watson, MisSj 255 

Watt, D. G. 40 

igh, J. W. 209 

Wanton, Miss, 259 

Wayte, Miss, 255 

Weatherby, S. S. 211 

Webb, A. P. 164 

Webb, J. D. 217 

Weber, G. H. 82 

W^eber, J. . l96 

Webster, D. l56 

Webster, E. A. 53 

Weigle, C. G. l51 

Weigle, G. Il5 

Weismann, I. 145 

Weiss, J. J. 230 

WeitbrecM, H. U. 82 

Weitbreeht, J. J. 83 

Weitbrecht, N. 151 

Welsh. Calv. Miss. 189 

Welland, J. 87 

W^ells,S. E. 51 

W^eils,T. L. 185 

W^elsh, G. 37 

Welsh, Miss, 257 

Welch, J. 151 

Wendlant, H. W. 79 

W^endnagel, J. C. 84 

Wenger, A. 3 51' 

Wenger, J. 18 

Wernicke, A. 251 

Werth, 0. ■ 173 

Wesl'n. Missions, 100 

260 West, J. 268 

35 W^est, Miss, 256 

40 Wharton, G. L. 239 

43 Wheeler, F. M. 211 

258 Wheeler, Miss, 264 

254 W^herry,E. M. 131 

132 W^herry, Miss, . 257 

87 Wnitaker, D. 164 

257 Whitamore, T. H. 103 

145 W^hite, A. ' 122 

84 White, C. T. 61 



White, E. 235 

White, W^ 44 

White, Miss, 257 

White Miss, (2) 266 

AVhitn, William, 112 

Whitechurch J. 85 

Whitehead, H. 97 

W^hitehead, Miss, 255 

Whitehouse, J. O, 40 

Whitley. J. C. 97' 

Whitney. J, ' 104 

Whitton, D. 118 

Wickham, Miss, 260 

Wickramasingiia, 268 
Wiederrockj J. C 4 

Wilder, E. G, 133 

Wilkie J. 236 

Wilkin', S. R. 268 

Wilkins, W. J. 44 

Wilkinson, F. 43 

Wilkinson, H. 107 

Wilkinson, J. H. 86 

Wilkinson, M. 83 
Wilkinson, M. J. 85 

Wilkinson, W. 85 



Willenberg, P. R. 268 
Wiiham, A. 194 

Williams, A. 19 

Williams, C. 60 

Williams, H. 82 

Wlliams, J. (1) 21 
Williams, 1. (2) 82 
Williams, J. H, 229 
Williams, M. 32 

W^illiams, R. 21 

Williams, R. E. 134 
Williams, R. R. 162 
Williams, T. 97 

Williams, Miss, 255 
Williamson, H. D. 82 
Williamson, J. 20 

Williamson, Miss, 257 
Williamson, Do. 259 
Willkomm, 0. H. 180 
Wilson, H. R. 232 
Wilson, I. 83 

Wilson, W. A. 236 
Wilson, Miss, M. '257 



302 



Indian Missionary Directo"ry 



Wihon, Miss C.E. 
Wilson, J. 
Wilson, J. Dr. 
Wilson, James (1) 
W^ilson, James (2) 
Wilson, P. T. 
Wilson, W. A. 
Winckler, J. C. F. 
Windsor, S. R. 
Winkel, E. 
AVinslow, M. 
Winston, W. R. 
Winter, R. R. 
W^irasinha, B. P. 
Wirgbese, M. 
W^isner, Miss, 
Witter, W. E. 
Wolff, A. F. 
Wolff, L. B. 
Wolff, Miss, 
W^oUaston, M. W. 
Wood, D. 
Wood, H. 
Wood, W. 
Woodall, G. W\ 
AVoodcock. W. 



257 


Woodside, J. S. 


131 


Yesadian, M. 


^7 


87 


Woodside, Miss, 


257 


Yesudaseu, J. 


97 


119 


Woodward, Miss, 


260 


Yesudian, C. 


32 


110 


Woolston, Sliss, 


258 


Yesudiaii, G. 


82 


132 


Worm, A. 


4 


Yesudian, S. 


97 


210 


Worrlein, J. 


228 


Yesudian, S. G. 


97 


236 


Wray, J. 


133 


Yesudian^ T. 


82 


83 


Wri-ht, A. H. 


82 


Yesudian, V. 


97 


50 


Wright, J. W. T. 


99 


Yohon, 


162 


178 


Wright, W. 


86 


Young, A. H. 


107 


249 


Wright, Miss, 


265 


Young, D. 


251 


268 


Wurtele, C. J. 


151 


Young, W. 


122 


97 


Wurth, G. 


151. 


Young, Miss, 


261 


269 


Wyatt, J. L. 


97 


Youngson, J. W. 


111 


82 


Wybrow, F. 


84 






258 


Wyckoff, B. D. 


131 


Zadhav, S. M. 


51 


158 


Wyckoff, J. H. 


194 


Zechariah, S. 


32 


178 


Wylie, T. W. J. 


131 


Zeglin, D. 


4 


187 


Wynkoop, T. S. 


135 


Zenker, P. M. 


82 


254 


Wynne, E . 


87 


Ziegenbalg, B. 


3 


40 






Ziegier, G. A. 


151 


269 


Yaqub, p. 


32 


Ziegler, Fr. 


145 


107 


Yarnold, A. 


88 


Ziemann, G. W. 


173 


51 


Yates, W. 


20 


Zietyochmann, J. 


178 


218 


Yeates, G. 


87 


Zimmerman, Mi?s, 266 


84 


Yesadian, G. 


97 


Zucker, J. F,. 


17a 



ERRATA. 

p. 11, L. 4, omit *• to. " . . 

P. 12. L. 3, omit " of. " 

P. 64, omit L. 23. 

P. 72, After "Bowlby, A. E. " for " Agra " read, '' Lucknow, " 

P. 76, L. 5, for "1847 " read'' 1827. " 

F. 94, L. 14, " Gilder, Charles " should not be in italics. 

P. 97, L. 20 for " now in Europe " read '^ Ad, Delhi. " 

P. 104, L. 28, for " 1883 " read 1838. " 

P. 140, L. 7, for " Bangalore " r^ac^ " Mangal ore. " 

P, 141, L. 21, for Do. read Do. 

P. 142, L. 22, for " Jans " rmr/ " Jaus. " 

P. 142, L. 40, for "Kraff" read " Krapf. " 

P. 144, L. 20, for ^' Schmolok " read " Sclimolck. " 

P. 145, L. 17, for " Madras P. " read " Bombay P. " 

P. 148, L. 12, for " Prion " read " Irion. " 

P. 150, L. 32, for "Schauttler" rdttfZ " Schauffter. " 

P. 179, L. 52, for ^' Tucker " read ^' Zucker. " . ' 

ADDENDA. 

Deaths. 

P. 30, Rev. J. E. Payne, Aug. 30, 1886, 
P. 31, Kev. C. Sandram, July 27, 1886. 
P. 40, Rev. Pt. D. Johnston, m 1885. 
P. 81, Rev. V. Vedanayagam, May 1, 1886. 
P. 146, Rev. A. Buhrer, April 29, 1886. 
P. 155, Rey. W. George, Aug. 1886. 

Others. 
P, 86, add '^ W. Rebsch. Ar. 1853, R. 1883, " Ad. Simla. 
P. 78, After " Parker,- Henry Perpott, " add Appointed Missionary 

Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa, 1886. Left I. in Aug. 1886. 
P. 81, insert " Sutton, 8. W., M. D. Ar. 1886, Ad. Quetta:' 
P. 27, After '^ Gaze, " A. R. add, Now in Europe. 
P. 28, After ^' Insell, T. " add Do. • 

P. 29, After " Johnson, W. " add, Do. 

P. 73, After " Deauble, C. G. " add, Do. 

P. 74, .After *' Davis, B. " add, Do. 

P, 28, After " Erhardt, J." add, Do. 

P. 75, After " Hackett, H. M. M. add, Do. 
P. 141, After "Grimm, J. ''add. Do. 

P. 142, After " Krapf, J. P, " add, Do. 

P. 48, Alter " Bissell, L. " add, Now in U. S. A. 
P. 26, insert " Brockway, W. G. Ar. July, 1886, Ad. Calcutta. " 
P. 49 insert '* Fairbank, H. Ar. Aug. 1886, Ad. Ahmednagar. 
P. 266, under "Others," add "Miss Leslie, Calcutta.". 



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Indian missionary directory and memorial 

Princeton Theological Seminary-Speer Library 



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